56 results match your criteria Africa[Journal]


'ENVIRONMENTAL AKALISM' AND THE WAR ON FILTH: THE PERSONIFICATION OF SANITATION IN URBAN NIGERIA.

Authors:
John Manton

Africa (Lond) 2013 Nov;83(4):606-622

In Nigerian cities, as across much of Africa, sanitation practices at zone, ward and street levels inscribe - in patterns of circulation and interaction around waste - not only the hopes and fears of urban residents and managers, but also the aspirations and failures encoded in colonial and post-colonial national and regional histories. Adjusting to numerous challenges - the interplay of racist colonial zoning strategies, rapid post-colonial urban expansion, the withdrawal of public services amid the liberalization programmes of the 1980s, the increasingly abject character of the social contract, and the ongoing tenuousness of economic life and activity - urban environmental sanitation in Nigeria has long struggled to keep pace with the historical dynamics of the country's emergent metropolises. Following the activities of a cohort of inspectors and volunteers at the Ministry of Environment and Water Resources, Oyo State, this article examines the politics of performance and coercion surrounding the monthly observance of Environmental Sanitation Day in Ibadan amid the heightened political tensions of the electoral season in 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001972013000466DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4802978PMC
November 2013

'TARMACKING' IN THE MILLENNIUM CITY: SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL TRAJECTORIES OF EMPOWERMENT AND DEVELOPMENT IN KISUMU, KENYA.

Authors:
Ruth J Prince

Africa (Lond) 2013 Nov;83(4):582-605

Over the past fifteen years, the city of Kisumu in western Kenya has emerged as an epicentre of 'global health' interventions, organized by non-governmental and transnational groups. These interventions involve concrete, practical engagements with the city's populations, but also imaginations and desires, as they intersect with residents' expectations of development. This article follows the hopes, aspirations and trajectories of people who attach themselves as volunteers to these interventions, or who hope to do so through a process they describe as 'tarmacking'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001972013000478DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4541551PMC
November 2013

PHARMACY, MONEY AND PUBLIC HEALTH IN DAKAR.

Africa (Lond) 2013 Nov;83(4):561-581

Pharmacy students at the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar must research and write a thesis to graduate. who took topics in analytical chemistry and toxicology describe their thesis work as a temporary opportunity to perform 'street-level' public health research that they regard as 'relevant' to the quality of people's lives. Expecting futures in the private commercial sector, regretfully leave the thesis behind. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001972013000454DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4541553PMC
November 2013

STUCK IN RUINS, OR UP AND COMING? THE SHIFTING GEOGRAPHY OF URBAN PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH IN KISUMU, KENYA.

Africa (Lond) 2013 Nov;83(4):539-560

Since the Second World War, the Kenyan city of Kisumu has been an important site of medical research and public health interventions - on malaria and other vector-borne diseases, and lately on HIV and related infections. This article compares the work and lives of two generations of local workers in public health research, each central to science in the city at their time: staff of the Ministry of Health's Division of Vector Borne Disease (DVBD) in the decades after independence, and temporary employees of the Kenyan Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) in its collaboration with the US government's Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the early twenty-first century. Against the backdrop of changes to the city, which stagnated during the 1970s and 1980s, became an epicentre of the East African AIDS epidemic, and underwent an economic boom of sorts from the late 1990s - at least partly driven by HIV research and intervention programmes - the article examines the spaces and movements of health research workers, and their experience of the city in time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001972013000442DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4541552PMC
November 2013

INTRODUCTION: SUSTAINING THE LIFE OF THE POLIS.

Africa (Lond) 2013 Nov;83(4):531-538

How are publics of protection and care defined in African cities today? The effects of globalization and neo-liberal policies on urban space are well documented. From London to São Paulo, denationalization, privatization, offshoring and cuts in state expenditure are creating enclaves and exclusions, resulting in fragmented, stratified social geographies (see Caldeira 2000; Ong 2006; Harvey 2006; Murray 2011). 'Networked archipelagoes', islands connected by transnational circulations of capital, displace other spatial relations and imaginaries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001972013000430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4541550PMC
November 2013
2 Reads

Zulu ritual immunisation in perspective.

Authors:
F Jolles S Jolles

Africa (Lond) 2000 ;70(2):229-48

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Rethinking ancestors and colonial power in Madagascar.

Authors:
J Cole K Middleton

Africa (Lond) 2001 ;71(1):1-37

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December 2007

[The "lectio"].

Authors:
Angelo DelBoca

Africa 2002 ;57(2):288-97

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October 2007

[Africa and social anthropology].

Africa 2002 ;57(3):313-33

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Making children, making chiefs: gender, power and ritual legitimacy.

Authors:
T Sanders

Africa (Lond) 1998 ;68(2):238-62

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"Beer used to belong to older men": drink and authority among the Nyakyusa of Tanzania.

Authors:
J Willis

Africa (Lond) 2001 ;71(3):373-90

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Communal land rights in Zimbabwe as state sanction and social control: a narrative.

Authors:
B Mbiba

Africa (Lond) 2001 ;71(3):426-48

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March 2009
1 Read

"With a little bit of luck": coping with adjustment in urban Ghana, 1975-90.

Authors:
L Brydon

Africa (Lond) 1999 ;69(3):366-85

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[Slavery on the Côte d'Ivoire, 15th-17th centuries: facts and problems].

Authors:
H Memel-Fotê

Africa 1999 ;54(1):1-49

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March 2009
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The changing value of children among the Kikuyu of Central Province, Kenya.

Authors:
N Price

Africa (Lond) 1996 ;66(3):411-36

"This article describes and analyses recent changes in the social institutions and cultural practices which have traditionally supported high fertility among the Kikuyu of Central Province, Kenya, and assesses the extent to which such institutions and practices retain their significance in the context of the changing value of children. The material and symbolic value of children to the Kikuyu is analysed, using methods and concepts derived from social anthropology.. Read More

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December 1997

The power of sex: some reflections on the Caldwell's "African sexuality" thesis.

Authors:
S Heald

Africa (Lond) 1995 ;65(4):489-505

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September 1996

Family, marriage and divorce in a Hausa community: a sociological model.

Authors:
L M Solivetti

Africa (Lond) 1994 ;64(2):252-71

"The aim of this article is to show how a 'traditional' society may produce a household system in which the structural tensions are no less intense than in the Western world. Muslim Hausa society (in northern Nigeria) has one of the highest rates of divorce (and remarriage) in the world. An explanation is sought here in terms of the economic and organisational requirements of a subsistence farming system that is always potentially short of labour. Read More

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Marital instability in a rural population in south-west Uganda: implications for the spread of HIV-1 infection.

Africa (Lond) 1994 ;64(2):243-51

"The aim of this study was to examine people's beliefs about the causes of marital instability in a rural population cohort in south-west Uganda. Results from a baseline survey of HIV-1 infection in the cohort of over 4,000 adults (over 12 years old) showed a twofold increase in risk of infection in divorced or separated persons when compared with those who are married. A purposive sample of 134 respondents (seventy-two males, sixty-two females) selected to represent different ages, religions and marital status were asked in semi-structured interviews to comment on the reasons for continuing marital instability in their community. Read More

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February 1997

Is there a distinct African sexuality? A critical response to Caldwell.

Authors:
B M Ahlberg

Africa (Lond) 1994 ;64(2):220-42

The author challenges the hypothesis developed by Caldwell and others that sexuality in Africa is inherently permissive, and that prevailing attitudes and behavior are primary reasons for the relative failure of family planning programs to reduce fertility, and thereby will be major factors hindering efforts to control the spread of HIV infections and AIDS. The article is in three parts. "The first is a summary of the thesis as presented by Caldwell et al. Read More

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February 1997

Migration in West Africa: a savanna village perspective.

Authors:
D A Cleveland

Africa (Lond) 1991 ;61(2):222-46

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The greater risk of fewer deaths: an ethnodemographic approach to child mortality in Hausaland.

Africa (Lond) 1991 ;61(4):502-12

"A Nigerian case study illustrates how local understandings of health influence perceptions of infant survival in ways that may juxtapose indigenous interpretations to other 'objective' data. Evidence from two extended field investigations of a Hausa-Fulani village, set 12 years apart, suggests a decline in childhood mortality rates attendant upon the increasing availability of biomedicines. We note, however, that local perceptions are that mortality risks are now greater for those less than five years old. Read More

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September 1992

Did the Akan resort to abortion in pre-colonial Ghana? Some conjectures.

Authors:
W Bleek

Africa (Lond) 1990 ;60(1):121-31

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September 1991

Social structure is where the hearth is: a "woman's place" in Beti society.

Authors:
M Houseman

Africa (Lond) 1988 ;58(1):51-69

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October 1989
2 Reads

[Not Available].

Authors:
M Lenci

Africa 1988 ;43(1):108-25

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December 1990

[Sterility and infertility in the demographic dynamics of Africa].

Authors:
A Virgili

Africa 1986 Dec;41(4):612-5

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December 1986

Against many odds: the dilemmas of women's self-help groups in Mbeere, Kenya.

Authors:
N Mwaniki

Africa (Lond) 1986 ;56(2):210-27

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Polygyny: an indicator of nutritional stress in African agricultural societies?

Authors:
L Brabin

Africa (Lond) 1984 ;54(1):31-45

"The object of this paper will be to present some of the anthropological literature on polygyny, both to illustrate [the variety among societies] and to suggest which aspects of polygyny should be investigated for their relationship to nutritional status." The geographical focus is on Africa. "The paper indicates that there are differences between societies which do not practise polygyny and those which do; that there are regional differences which affect how women experience polygyny as well as differences in individual societies related to economic change. Read More

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Farmers, traders, and labourers: dry season migration from north-west Nigeria, 1900-33.

Authors:
K Swindell

Africa (Lond) 1984 ;54(1):3-19

"This paper looks at the origins and development of dry season labour migration from Sokoto in north-western Nigeria, a migratory system which is generally accepted as being a product of colonialism. The argument takes the opening years of colonial rule in Sokoto and tries to uncover the nature and type of migration which obtained at this time. It is suggested that early migration was influenced by the economy of the central Sudan of the late nineteenth century, and there was an overlap, rather than a sharp break, between pre-colonial and colonial economies. Read More

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[Not Available].

Authors:
E Venturini S Atti

Africa 1984 ;39(3):375-90

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Population, economy and domestic groups: the Kitui case.

Authors:
M O'leary

Africa (Lond) 1983 ;53(1):64-76

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Forever gained: resettlement and land policy in the context of national development in Zimbabwe.

Authors:
B H Kinsey

Africa (Lond) 1982 ;52(3):92-113

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August 1985
1 Read

Sex, fertility and menstruation among the Beng of the Ivory Coast: a symbolic analysis.

Authors:
A Gottlieb

Africa (Lond) 1982 ;52(4):34-47, 66

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February 1984

Economic models and having children: some evidence from Kwahu, Ghana.

Authors:
C Oppong W Bleek

Africa (Lond) 1982 ;52(4):15-33

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October 1983

Marital sexual relationships and birth spacing among two Yoruba sub-groups.

Authors:
L A Adeokun

Africa (Lond) 1982 ;52(4):1-14

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January 1984
3 Reads

Population and development in Egypt. Part 1. Birth and death on the Nile.

Authors:
C F Gallagher

Am Univ Field Staff Rep Afr 1981 (31):1-14

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January 1982

Bilharzia control in Swaziland: the dilemma of development.

Authors:
J G Liebenow

Am Univ Field Staff Rep Afr 1981 ;No. 2:1-10

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Population and development in Egypt. Part 2. New hopes for old problems.

Authors:
C F Gallagher

Africa (Lond) 1981 (32):1-21

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January 1982

[A note concerning abortion and contraception among the Nzema of Ghana].

Authors:
E S Tiberini

Africa 1980 Jun;35(2):159-70

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Traditional medicine in East Africa: the search for a synthesis.

Authors:
N N Miller

Am Univ Field Staff Rep Afr 1980 ;22:1-15

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December 1980

[Not Available].

Authors:
E S Tiberini

Africa 1980 ;35(2):159-70

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Africa's dependency and the remedies: the 4th International Congress of African Studies.

Authors:
B Harrell-bond

Am Univ Field Staff Rep Afr 1979 ;31:1-8

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