1,027 results match your criteria Aerospace Medicine And Human Performance[Journal]


This Month in Aerospace Medicine History.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):383

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5611.2020DOI Listing

This Month in Aerospace Medicine History.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):382

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5612.2020DOI Listing

You're the Flight Surgeon.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):379-381

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5574.2020DOI Listing

Stress, Cognition, Drones, and Adaptive Tasks.

Authors:
William D Fraser

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):376-378

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5584.2020DOI Listing

Headache Attack Similar to Paroxismal Hemicrania Seen During Flight.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):373-375

Airplane headache (AH) is unique to plane travel and looks like a short duration migraine attack or paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) attack without any autonomic symptoms. Until now, there has been no documented association between AH and PH. We report a 50-yr-old healthy woman with a very severe and sudden pulsating headache located in the left frontal region with radiation into the left eye during takeoff which diminished within 10-15 min during her airplane journeys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5540.2020DOI Listing

Novel Use of a Synthetic Training Device in the Rehabilitation of Chronic Neck Pain of Rotary Rear Crew.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):369-372

Chronic flight-related neck pain is a common, well-recognized problem in military aircrew. The reasons for flight-related neck pain are multifactorial; however, there are currently no evidence-based guidelines for its prevention or clinical management. This case study describes the novel use of a synthetic training device in the rehabilitation of a Chinook crewman with chronic neck pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5505.2020DOI Listing

Aircrew Fatigue Perceptions, Fatigue Mitigation Strategies, and Circadian Typology.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):363-368

Human fatigue is an important factor within aviation, leading organizations to develop strategies to assess and mitigate associated risks. The U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5396.2020DOI Listing

A Cross-Cultural Anthropometric Analysis in Military Aviation.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):358-362

Aircrew-aircraft compatibility is important in military aviation for flight safety. Anthropometric aircrew selection standards in RAFO were embedded from the selection standards of western defense forces as the aircrafts were imported from there. Henceforth efforts were made to fit local native aviators into aircrafts not initially designed for them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5530.2020DOI Listing

Recurrent Stroke Risk in Pilots with Atrial Fibrillation.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):352-357

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common cardiac arrhythmias in the general population and is considered disqualifying aeromedically. This study is a unique examination of significant outcomes in aviators with previous history of both AF and stroke. Pilots examined by the FAA between 2002 and 2012 who had had AF at some point during his or her medical history were reviewed, and those with an initial stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) during that time period were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5326.2020DOI Listing

Ground-Based Medical Services for In-Flight Emergencies.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):348-351

The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of ground-based medical services (GBMS) by the cabin crew of a major South Korean airline for in-flight medical incidents involving passengers. We conducted a survey of cabin crew to identify the anticipated use of GBMS in 2017. We compared the anticipated use to actual use as reported in cabin crew records submitted to the GBMS team and cabin crew logs from May 2013 to April 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5431.2020DOI Listing

Awareness Level of Airline Pilots on Flight-Associated Venous Thromboembolism.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):343-347

Studies have identified a great number of physiological conditions, including venous thromboembolism and hypoxia, that may give rise to medical disqualifications and in-flight incapacitations that can be costly to individuals and organizations. Over the past three decades, much attention has been focused on venous thromboembolism among passengers. However, studies on venous thromboembolism among commercial airline pilots are very scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5493.2020DOI Listing

Quantification of Medical Risk on the International Space Station Using the Integrated Medical Model.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):332-342

The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) is a quantified, evidence-based decision support tool developed by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to assist in the assessment of the medical risk of human spaceflight missions. The IMM utilizes a probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) approach to simulate potential in-flight medical events and resultant health and mission outcomes. The IMM has been utilized to estimate the medical risk associated with International Space Station (ISS) missions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5432.2020DOI Listing

Vestibulo-Ocular Responses, Visual Field Dependence, and Motion Sickness in Aerobatic Pilots.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):326-331

Aerobatic flight is a challenge for the vestibular system, which is likely to lead to adaptive changes in the vestibular responses of pilots. We investigated whether aerobatic pilots, as individuals who experience intense vestibular stimulation, present modifications of the vestibular-ocular reflex, motion sickness susceptibility and intensity, visual vertical estimation, and visual dependence as compared to normal volunteers. To evaluate vestibulo-ocular reflexes, eye movements were recorded with videonystagmography while subjects were rotated on a rotatory chair with the axis of rotation being vertical (canal-ocular reflex) or inclined to 17° (otolith-ocular reflex). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5435.2020DOI Listing

Interpretability of Aviation Weather Information Displays for General Aviation.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):318-325

General Aviation (GA) pilots who encounter hazardous weather inflight have a high probability of incurring fatal accidents. To mitigate this problem, previous research investigated pilot decision making and the effects of new technology. Limited investigations have examined usability and interpretability of observation and forecast weather products available to pilots. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5245.2020DOI Listing

Scopolamine Treatment and Adaptation to Airsickness.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):313-317

Airsickness is a clinical syndrome manifesting in a variety of symptoms, particularly nausea and vomiting during flight. Studies of habituation to motion sickness in humans treated by scopolamine have produced conflicting results. The drug accelerated habituation, but a rebound effect on symptom severity was observed after its withdrawal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5499.2020DOI Listing

Aeromedical Transport - A Niche for Aerospace Medicine.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Apr;91(4):311-312

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.914PresPageDOI Listing

This Month in Aerospace Medicine History.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):540

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5645.2020DOI Listing

The Role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Space Healthcare.

Authors:
Ilaria Cinelli

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):537-539

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5582.2020DOI Listing

Letter to the Editor re: Genetic Testing of Pilot Applicants: Response.

Authors:
Seung Hwan Shin

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):536

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5596.2020DOI Listing

Letter to the Editor re: Genetic Testing of Pilot Applicants: Letters.

Authors:
Seung Hwan Shin

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):536

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5596.2020DOI Listing

Towards the Affective Cognition Approach to Human Performance in Space.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):532-534

In recent decades, there has been investigation into the effects of microgravity and microgravity-like environments on cognition and emotion separately. Here we highlight the need of focusing on emotion-cognition interactions as a framework for explaining cognitive performance in space. In particular, by referring to the affective cognition hypothesis, the significant interplay between emotional variables and cognitive processing in space is briefly analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5568.2020DOI Listing

Dynamic Countermeasure Fabrics for Post-Spaceflight Orthostatic Intolerance.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):525-531

Aerospace orthostatic intolerance garments (OIG) have historically been pneumatic (e.g., NASA's antigravity suit), an approach that inhibits mobility and requires connection to an air supply. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5560.2020DOI Listing

Vigilance Aid Use and Aircraft Carrier Landing Performance in Pilots of Tactical Aircraft.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):518-524

Fatigue is a well-known hazard in aviation. In military fighter communities, policies have evolved to allow for in-flight use of pharmacological vigilance aids to counteract the negative effects of fatigue. With limited objective evidence supporting the role of these medications in continuous flight operations, the present study seeks to evaluate whether use of modafinil is associated with pilot aircraft carrier landing performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5532.2020DOI Listing

Pilots' Visual Scanning Behaviors During an Instrument Landing System Approach.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):511-517

Since eye movement can provide a reliable index of the attention allocation, which can assist in understanding pilots' cognitive state, this study investigated the effect of pilots' experience and the autopilot mode on their attention allocation on the Primary Flight Display (PFD) and Multi-Function Display (MFD) during an approach task. There were 16 pilots who were classified into two levels of aviation expertise depending on the flight hours, and required to fly an Instrument Landing System approach. Their visual scanning behaviors were recorded through an eye tracker and analyzed based on fixation number and dwell time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5501.2020DOI Listing

In-Flight UV-A Exposure of Commercial Airline Pilots.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):501-510

Understanding UV exposure is essential for the assessment of its contribution to the occupational risk of pilots developing ocular and skin pathologies. The objective of this observational study was to measure the UV exposure of pilots flying between the United Kingdom and a range of destinations at three different seasons. The in-flight UV exposure of pilots was measured on 322 Monarch Airlines short-haul flights on the Airbus A321-231 and Airbus A320-214 to 31 destinations, mostly in Europe, from 4 UK airports in September 2016-August 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5507.2020DOI Listing

Helicopter Hoist Performance in Novice and Experienced Hoist Operators.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):496-500

Helicopter hoist operators are highly skilled and critical crewmembers in search and rescue. However, hoist operator training programs are relatively underdeveloped in comparison to helicopter pilot training. It is critical that this simulator teaches the necessary skills for high-level performance given the dangers associated with helicopter hoist operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5516.2020DOI Listing

Attention and Entropy in Simulated Flight with Varying Cognitive Loads.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):489-495

This study is conducted to observe the effects of cognitive load on the visual search and attention allocation strategies of pilots. Research on pilots' visual search strategies can provide valuable information regarding attention distribution and transformation, as well as useful situation awareness (SA) predictions. A total of 18 pilots performed flight tasks in a two-condition (high and low cognitive load) within-subject experiment to compare their flight performance and eye movement indicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5504.2020DOI Listing

Characterizing Individual Differences in a Dynamic Stabilization Task Using Machine Learning.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):479-488

: Being able to identify individual differences in skilled motor learning during disorienting conditions is important for spaceflight, military aviation, and rehabilitation.: Blindfolded subjects ( = 34) were strapped into a device that behaved like an inverted pendulum in the horizontal roll plane and were instructed to use a joystick to stabilize themselves across two experimental sessions on consecutive days. Subjects could not use gravitational cues to determine their angular position and many soon became spatially disoriented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5552.2020DOI Listing

Voice Reactivity as a Response to Acute Hypobaric Hypoxia at High Altitude.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):471-478

Although the understanding of hypobaric hypoxia is increasing, it remains a hazard in aviation medicine. This study examined the feasibility of detecting voice markers sensitive to acute hypobaric hypoxia in an early presymptomatic (PRE-SYMP) stage. Eight subjects qualified with hypobaric training completed a series of standardized speech tests in a hypobaric chamber at 20,000 ft and 25,000 ft (6096 and 7620 m) of altitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5390.2020DOI Listing

What a Way to Start the Year.

Authors:
Charles DeJohn

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Jun;91(6):469-470

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.916.PresPageDOI Listing

Erratum.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 05;91(5):456a

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This Month in Aerospace Medicine History.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):465

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5610.2020DOI Listing

You're the Flight Surgeon.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):459-461

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5575.2020DOI Listing

Systemic Corticosteroids for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in the Flyer.

Authors:
Michael Tanael

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):453-454

The use of systemic corticosteroids for upper respiratory tract infections has become increasingly common, but remains controversial. Given their purported ability to decrease duration of illness and hasten recovery, systemic corticosteroids offer an attractive treatment modality for flight surgeons desiring to minimize DNIF (Duty Not Including Flying) time. This commentary presents an evidence-based approach to the use of systemic corticosteroids for upper respiratory tract infections in flyers, concluding that the current body of evidence and missional concerns justify their routine use in sore throat and acute rhinosinusitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5548.2020DOI Listing

Expanding Knowledge and Exposure to Aerospace Medicine by Creating a Medical Student Curriculum.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):448-452

Aerospace Medicine is a small medical specialty. With the increasing need for aircraft pilots, continued low Earth orbit NASA operations, and the emergence of commercial spaceflight, there is a necessity for recruiting and educating the next generation of Aerospace Medicine specialists. This study was designed to create and validate a short Aerospace Medicine curriculum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5531.2020DOI Listing

Fatigue-Related Aviation Mishaps.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):440-447

Fatigue is a critical safety issue to U.S. Air Force (USAF) flight and ground crew. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5515.2020DOI Listing

Potential Venous Thromboembolism Risk in Female Astronauts.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):432-439

Whether the unique environment of space affects astronaut risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is not known. On Earth, it is known that use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) doubles the risk of VTE. Since some female astronauts choose to use COCs, this retrospective study examined known risk factors associated with VTE risk to determine whether the available data suggested elevated VTE risk in female astronauts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5458.2020DOI Listing

Isokinetic Force and Work Capacity After Long-Duration Space Station Mir and Short-Term International Space Station Missions.

Authors:
Yuri A Koryak

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):422-431

The effects of long-duration (213.0 ± 30.5 d) stays aboard the orbital station Mir and short-term (∼10 d) spaceflights aboard the International Space Station (ISS) on the joint torques of various muscles and work capacity of knee extensors were studied in male cosmonauts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5348.2020DOI Listing

Aircraft Passenger Comfort Based on Muscle Activation and Perceived Discomfort During Long Flights.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):416-421

The purpose of this study was to investigate the comfort of aircraft passengers during long flights and to determine the effects of the seatback angle and the seat pitch on passengers' upper body muscles (neck, shoulder, and lower back) and subjective comfort. All subjects sat on an aircraft seat for 2 h with different levels of seatback angle and seat pitch. Subjective discomfort scores and root mean square (RMS) and mean power frequency (MPF) values were used to evaluate muscle fatigue, and all data were calculated for every 15-min interval. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5201.2020DOI Listing

Hand-Held and Wrist-Worn Field-Based PVT Devices vs. the Standardized Laptop PVT.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):409-415

Given the challenges of collecting reliable Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT) data in the field, this study compared a 3-min PVT on a hand-held device and wrist-worn device vs. a standardized laptop. The experiment utilized a randomized, repeated-measures design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5567.2020DOI Listing

Presbycusis and Fitness to Fly.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):403-408

When a pilot is referred for presbycusis, his flight fitness may be questionable. The objective of this retrospective study was to describe a case series of presbycusis in a pilot population and to discuss the decisions about their flight waivers. There were 19 pilots who were referred to the ENT-Head and Neck Surgery Department of the National Pilot Expertise Center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5510.2020DOI Listing

Declines in Wavelength Discrimination and Shifts in Unique Hue with Hypoxia.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):394-402

Hypoxia can be a problem for warfighters, compromising visual and cognitive performance. One area of study has been hypoxia-induced decrements in color vision. The present study examined how hypoxia affected the perception of wavelengths associated with unique green and with unique yellow as well as discriminability by the blue vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5486.2020DOI Listing

Accident Rates, Causes, and Occupant Injury Involving High-Performance General Aviation Aircraft.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):387-393

Spatial disorientation, poor situational awareness, and aerodynamic stalls are often causal/contributory to general aviation accidents. To mitigate against the occurrence of these mishaps Cirrus Aircraft has, since 2002, introduced advanced avionics into their piston airplanes (Cirrus SR20/22). These airplanes are also certificated to more rigorous crashworthiness tests than legacy aircraft approved prior to these standards being codified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5509.2020DOI Listing

Beginnings and Endings on Interstate 10.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 May;91(5):385-386

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.915.PresPageDOI Listing

Meeting Abstracts 349-475 Thursday and Friday.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Mar;91(3):246-287

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Meeting Abstracts 222-348 Wednesday.

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Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2020 Mar;91(3):203-246

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