154 results match your criteria Advances in preventive medicine[Journal]


Assessing Factors That Influence Healthcare Provider Attitudes and Practices regarding Place-Based Exercise Prescriptions: Results of Principal Components Analysis of a Newly Developed Survey Instrument.

Adv Prev Med 2020 11;2020:5084053. Epub 2020 May 11.

College of Public Health, Kent State University, Moulton Hall, 800 Hilltop Drive, Kent, OH 44242, USA.

Introduction: The purpose of this paper is to describe development and preliminary assessment of an instrument designed to assess facilitators and barriers of provider-provided, place-based exercise prescriptions, including provider attributes, perceptions, knowledge, and resource needs. Although the American Medical Association-Supported "Exercise is Medicine" initiative encourages the practice of exercise prescription among member providers, only a small proportion engages in this practice. Additionally, little is known about the role of place-based exercise prescriptions, although access to physical activity resources differs based on residence, access to transportation, income, and other factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5084053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238351PMC

Self-Collected Specimens Revealed a Higher Vaccine- and Non-Vaccine-Type Human Papillomavirus Prevalences in a Cross-Sectional Study in Akuse.

Adv Prev Med 2020 22;2020:8343169. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Population, Family and Reproductive Health, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Population-specific epidemiologic data on human Papillomavirus infection, which are limited in most of the SubSaharan African countries, are necessary for effective cervical cancer prevention. This study aimed to generate population-specific data on human Papillomavirus infections, and determine which of these, self-collected and provider-collected specimens, gives a higher estimate of the prevalence of human Papillomaviruses, including vaccine and non-vaccine-type human Papillomavirus.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, following a questionnaire-based collection of epidemiological data, self-, and provider-collected specimens, obtained from women 15-65 years of age, were analysed for human Papillomavirus types by a nested-multiplex polymerase chain reaction, and for cervical lesions by Pap testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8343169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204098PMC
January 2020

Is Recovery from Cannabis Dependence Possible? Factors that Help or Hinder Recovery in a National Sample of Canadians with a History of Cannabis Dependence.

Adv Prev Med 2020 15;2020:9618398. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor St. W., Toronto, ON M5S 1V4, Canada.

Objectives: To identify among Canadian adults who have ever been dependent upon cannabis, the prevalence of risk and protective factors associated with (1) cannabis remission, (2) the absence of psychiatric disorders or addictions in the past year (APD), and (3) positive mental health (PMH).

Method: Data from Statistics Canada's nationally representative 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health ( = 20, 777, of whom 336 have a history of cannabis dependence) was used. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9618398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7180401PMC

Assessment of Knowledge and Practice on Hepatitis B Infection Prevention and Associated Factors among Health Science Students in Woldia University, Northeast Ethiopia.

Adv Prev Med 2020 9;2020:9421964. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Woldia University, P.O. Box 400, Woldia, Ethiopia.

Background: Hepatitis B virus is a global problem, with 66% of all the world population living in areas where there are high levels of infection. HBV is the leading risk factor for HCC globally and accounts for at least 50% of cases of HCC. Medical and health science students, being part of the health-care system, are exposed to the infection as a risk as other health-care workers when they come in contact with patients and contaminated instruments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9421964DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171623PMC

Are Invasive Procedures and a Longer Hospital Stay Increasing the Risk of Healthcare-Associated Infections among the Admitted Patients at Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Eastern Ethiopia?

Adv Prev Med 2020 31;2020:6875463. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, PO Box 235, Harar, Ethiopia.

Background: Healthcare-associated infection is a major public health problem, in terms of mortality, morbidity, and costs. Majorities of the cause of these infections were preventable. Understanding the potential risk factors is important to reduce the impact of these avoidable infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6875463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7150733PMC

Predictors of Low Birth Weight at Lumbini Provincial Hospital, Nepal: A Hospital-Based Unmatched Case Control Study.

Adv Prev Med 2020 26;2020:8459694. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Nursing Coordinator, Lumbini Provincial Hospital, Hospital Road, Butwal, Nepal.

Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is defined as the birth weight of live born infants below 2500 g, regardless of gestational age. It is a public health problem caused by factors that are potentially modifiable. The purpose of this study was to determine the socioeconomic, obstetric, and maternal factors associated with LBW in Lumbini Provincial Hospital, Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8459694DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7136760PMC

Mood Responses to Passive and Active Motion Leg Cycling Exercise in Healthy Sedentary Young Adults.

Adv Prev Med 2020 29;2020:7282013. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Department of Pathophysiology, American University of Antigua College of Medicine, Coolidge, Antigua and Barbuda.

Previous studies suggest that passive motion exercise (PME) may be useful for overcoming exercise limitations associated with a sedentary lifestyle, orthopedic disorders, and various other debilitating conditions. Negative mood response is one of the factors that limit a person's ability to exercise. Therefore, this study tests the hypothesis that the mood response associated with PME is not different than the mood response associated with active motion exercise (AME). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7282013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066409PMC
February 2020

Effects of Routine Checkups and Chronic Conditions on Middle-Aged Patients with Diabetes.

Adv Prev Med 2020 20;2020:4043959. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Physician Assistant Studies, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

. Middle-aged males and females with diabetes are more likely to have poor physical (PH) and mental health (MH); however, there is limited research determining the relationship between MH and PH and routine check-up in diabetic middle-aged adults, especially by gender. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PH and MH status differ by routine check-up in middle-aged (age 45-64) adults with diabetes in the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4043959DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7063879PMC
February 2020

Determinants of Noncompletion of the Third Dose of Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine in Pregnant Women in Dschang Health District, Cameroon.

Adv Prev Med 2020 25;2020:1603518. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Centre Inter-Etats d'Enseignement Supérieur en Sante Publique d'Afrique (CIESPA), Brazzaville, Congo.

. Tetanus vaccination plays an important role in the fight against neonatal mortality. Our study aimed to determine the noncompletion rate of the 3 dose of tetanus toxoid vaccine (TTV) and to analyze the associated factors in pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1603518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7060843PMC
February 2020

Compliance to Iron-Folic Acid Supplementation and Its Association with the Number of ANC Visits in Ethiopia: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Adv Prev Med 2019 22;2019:3602585. Epub 2019 Dec 22.

Department of Adult Health Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.

Background: The World Health Organization recommended that 80% of communities in all countries should receive the standard dose of iron folic acid. But, in Ethiopia, this target was not yet achieved. The compliance of iron folic acid was also variable across each district. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3602585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7024091PMC
December 2019

Nephrolepis exaltata Herbal Mask Increases Nasal IgA Levels and Pulmonary Function in Textile Factory Workers.

Adv Prev Med 2019 9;2019:5687135. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Pulmonology Division of Internal Department Medical Faculty, Diponegoro University-Kariadi, Hospital Semarang, Indonesia.

Background: Chronic occupational exposure in textile workers lowers the pulmonary function and levels of sinonasal IgA. A herbal mask can protect the respiratory tract. This study aims to understand the effect of this herbal mask on the IgA levels and pulmonary function in textile workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5687135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6925762PMC
December 2019

Effective Vaccine Management: The Case of a Rural District in Ghana.

Adv Prev Med 2019 13;2019:5287287. Epub 2019 Oct 13.

Department of Health Policy, Planning, and Management, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Background: The Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) initiative provides the platform needed to monitor and assess the vaccine supply chain system to identify strengths and weaknesses of the system at all levels to enhance the development of improvement plan to strengthen the system. This valuation was carried out in the Tolon District of the Northern Region, Ghana.

Methods: A descriptive valuation of vaccine management was carried out in six vaccine stores in the Tolon District of Northern Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5287287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6815627PMC
October 2019

Bacterial Infections and Their Antibiotic Resistance Pattern in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review.

Adv Prev Med 2019 5;2019:4380309. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Debre Markos University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Ethiopia.

Background: Antibiotic resistance is a global challenge in the public health sector and also a major challenge in Ethiopia. It is truly difficult to report bacterial antibiotic resistance pattern in Ethiopia due to the absence of a review which is done comprehensively. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the works of literature on the antibiotic resistance pattern of the specific bacterial isolates that can be obtained from different clinical samples in the context of Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4380309DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6699360PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Prevalence Study of Dermatologic Manifestations among Diabetic Patients.

Adv Prev Med 2019 1;2019:5293193. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an interdisciplinary disorder that needs many different specialties' attention; however, the importance of dermatologists' knowledge has not been highlighted regarding this issue. As a result, we aim to assess the prevalence and variety of DM skin and nail manifestations in an effort to further acquaint dermatologists and other clinicians with diabetic dermatologic manifestations.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study; subjects who had a diagnosis of DM, attending to the outpatient endocrinology clinics of Rassoul Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated by one dermatologist for diabetic dermopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5293193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6634127PMC
July 2019
7 Reads

Vitamin D as an Adjunctive Treatment to Standard Drugs in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients: An Evidence-Based Case Report.

Adv Prev Med 2019 20;2019:5181847. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia.

Background: Vitamin D has a prominent role in the body's innate immunity as it is important in the maintenance of macrophages and monocytes and its function in defending against infections. studies have established vitamin D's potential role in tuberculosis (TB) infection, in that it restricts growth, thus implying the potential benefit of vitamin D as an adjunctive treatment for TB. However, clinical trials and reviews have contradicting findings regarding the true clinical efficacy of adjunctive vitamin D, particularly in reducing the sputum conversion rate (SCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5181847DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6610748PMC

Diabetes and Diabetes Care among Nonobese Japanese-Americans: Findings from a Population-Based Study.

Adv Prev Med 2019 2;2019:3650649. Epub 2019 Jun 2.

Institute for Life Course & Aging, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, Cross-Appointed to the Faculty of Medicine University of Toronto, 246 Bloor St. W., Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objectives: The objectives of this study are as follows: (1) to determine the prevalence of diabetes among nonobese Japanese-Americans and to determine the adjusted odds of diabetes among nonobese Japanese-Americans compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs); (2) to identify the risk factors associated with having diabetes in a large sample of nonobese Japanese-Americans; and (3) to determine the prevalence and adjusted odds of diabetes management behaviors among nonobese Japanese-Americans with diabetes in comparison to NHWs with diabetes.

Methods: The combined 2007-2016 waves of the adult California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) were used to analyze a nonobese (BMI<30) sample of 2,295 Japanese-Americans and 119,651 NHWs. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were performed using Stata. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3650649DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6582878PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Pros and Cons of Aspirin Prophylaxis for Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Kidney Transplantation and Review of Evidence.

Adv Prev Med 2019 16;2019:6139253. Epub 2019 May 16.

Department of Renal Medicine, RIPAS Hospital, Bandar Seri Begawan BA1710, Brunei Darussalam.

Kidney transplant recipients have traditional and nontraditional risk factors which can lead to coronary artery disease and sudden death with a functional graft loss. Aspirin has been used traditionally for prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents. It has beneficial effects in secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6139253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6541935PMC
May 2019
23 Reads

Ingestion of Lycosome L-tug Formulation of Dark Chocolate Ameliorates Postprandial Hyperlipidemia and Hyperglycemia in Healthy Volunteers.

Adv Prev Med 2019 16;2019:1659384. Epub 2019 May 16.

Lycotec Ltd, Granta Park, Cambridge, CB21 6GP, UK.

Twenty-eight healthy middle-aged volunteers (40-60 years old) with equal gender representation were randomized into 3 study groups to investigate the changes in postprandial glucose and lipids after ingestion of different formulations of dark chocolate (DC). The volunteers from the first group were requested to ingest 100 g of regular DC whereas the individuals from the third group were given 100 g of highly bioavailable lycosome formulated L-tug formulation of DC containing 23.3 mg of lycopene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1659384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6541969PMC
May 2019
5 Reads

A Derived QSAR Model for Predicting Some Compounds as Potent Antagonist against : A Theoretical Approach.

Adv Prev Med 2019 2;2019:5173786. Epub 2019 May 2.

Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Development of more potent antituberculosis agents is as a result of emergence of multidrug resistant strains of . Novel compounds are usually synthesized by trial approach with a lot of errors, which is time consuming and expensive. QSAR is a theoretical approach, which has the potential to reduce the aforementioned problem in discovering new potent drugs against . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5173786DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521565PMC
May 2019
3 Reads

Phytochemical Profiling and Larval Control of Methanol Fraction against Malarial and Filarial Vector.

Adv Prev Med 2019 16;2019:2641959. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

P.G & Research Department of Zoology, Poompuhar College, Melaiyur 609 107, Tamil Nadu, India.

() bioactive chemical has been the potential to be utilized as a good, eco-friendly approach for the control of mosquito population. In the present investigation, methanol extract using insecticidal compounds isolated against mosquito larvae kill assay was carried out. Secondary metabolism was characterized by thin layer chromatography, column chromatography, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectral, and identification of compound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2641959DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6500674PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

A Cox-Based Risk Prediction Model for Early Detection of Cardiovascular Disease: Identification of Key Risk Factors for the Development of a 10-Year CVD Risk Prediction.

Adv Prev Med 2019 9;2019:8392348. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.

Background And Objective: Current cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk models are typically based on traditional laboratory-based predictors. The objective of this research was to identify key risk factors that affect the CVD risk prediction and to develop a 10-year CVD risk prediction model using the identified risk factors.

Methods: A Cox proportional hazard regression method was applied to generate the proposed risk model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8392348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6481149PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Smokeless Tobacco and Its Adverse Effects on Hematological Parameters: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Prev Med 2019 1;2019:3182946. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dental Institute, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi 834009, India.

Background: Smokeless tobacco (SLT) as a drug substance has been used throughout the world although it has dangerous effects on human health. Among the 28 known carcinogens in SLT, tobacco-specific nitrosamines are considered to be the most potent. This has challenged the metabolic condition leading to a rise in the inflammatory status, increased apoptosis, and red blood cell (RBC) membrane damage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3182946DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463681PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Body Mass Index Change as a Predictor of Biometric Changes following an Intensive Lifestyle Modification Program.

Adv Prev Med 2019 24;2019:8580632. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

School of Osteopathic Medicine, Campbell University, Buies Creek, NC 27506, USA.

The initial benefits of lifestyle modification programs such as reduction in chronic and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors have been well documented. However, such positive effects may deteriorate over time following relapse into inactivity. Timely detection of weight regain leading to the deterioration of the accrued benefits could trigger early resumption of intensive lifestyle intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8580632DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451815PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Prevention of Calcium Nephrolithiasis: The Influence of Diuresis on Calcium Oxalate Crystallization in Urine.

Adv Prev Med 2019 21;2019:3234867. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Urology, Hospital Centre Biel, Biel, Switzerland.

A high fluid intake is still the most evidence-based measure for the prevention of idiopathic stone disease. The recommendation of current guidelines on urolithiasis to increase diuresis to 2-2.5 L/day is mainly based on a single clinical study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3234867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448328PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Liver Flukes Egg Infection and Associated Risk Factors in White Fulani Cattle Slaughtered in Wukari, Southern Taraba State, Nigeria.

Adv Prev Med 2019 19;2019:2671620. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Animal Production and Health, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.

, and cause liver fluke diseases in ruminants and are of zoonotic and economic importance. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of liver fluke egg infection in White Fulani Cattle slaughtered in Wukari Cattle market abattoir in Wukari, Taraba State. A total of 262 gallbladders were collected and their contents were analyzed for the presence of eggs of liver flukes using sedimentation technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2671620DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444236PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus and Associated Factors among Health Professionals in University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

Adv Prev Med 2019 3;2019:7136763. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Hepatitis B virus infection is one of the commonest occupational risks in healthcare workers. However; there is limited evidence regarding the prevalence of hepatitis in health professionals in Ethiopia.

Objective: This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of hepatitis B and associated factors in health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7136763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421023PMC
March 2019
17 Reads

Association of Endothelial Function with Parental Hypertension in Normotensive-Obese African-American Women: A Pilot Study.

Adv Prev Med 2019 3;2019:5854219. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Departments of Basic Sciences and Clinical Medicine, American University of Antigua College of Medicine, Antigua and Barbuda.

Obese African-American (AA) women are at high risk of hypertension (HT) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and arterial augmentation index (AI) are measures of endothelial function and arterial stiffness. Whether endothelial function and arterial stiffness predict risk of HT or CVD in obese African-American women with, versus without, parental histories of HT and whether aerobic exercise is an effective countermeasure remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5854219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378072PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Effect of Participation with Accompanying Household Member in the Complete Health Improvement Program in Appalachia.

Adv Prev Med 2019 29;2019:9648926. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Specialty Medicine, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Athens, OH 45701, USA.

Intensive therapeutic lifestyle modification programs, such as the Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP), reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. However, there are little data on how participation in CHIP with a household member can affect CVD biomarkers. This study focuses on the benefit of joint participation of household members in CHIP in order to have a better outcome in improving CVD risk factors compared with lone or individual participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9648926DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374866PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Telemedicine and Cardiology in the Elderly in France: Inventory of Experiments.

Adv Prev Med 2019 21;2019:2102156. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Research Unit EA 3072 "Mitochondrie, Stress Oxydant et Protection Musculaire", Faculté de Médecine de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg (UdS), 4 rue Kirschleger, 67091 Strasbourg, France.

Telemedicine is now in vogue, allowing through computer and communication tools to be deployed in the field of health, such as cardiology, area in which it has shown interest, in international studies. As the population ages, older people are increasingly concerned with this innovative practice. We take a look at telemedicine projects in France concerning the elderly, in the field of cardiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2102156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360554PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Nasal Carriage Rate, Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern, and Associated Factors of with Special Emphasis on MRSA among Urban and Rural Elementary School Children in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Prev Med 2018 11;2018:9364757. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: is a Gram-positive, catalase-positive, and coagulase-positive bacterial species commonly found on the skin and in the nose of most healthy individuals. The anterior nares of nose are the most frequent carriage sites for in both adults and children. Methicillin resistance among isolates has steadily increased worldwide. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2018/9364757/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9364757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311292PMC
December 2018
21 Reads

Knowledge and Practices of Hand Washing among Health Professionals in Dubti Referral Hospital, Dubti, Afar, Northeast Ethiopia.

Authors:
Suoud Jemal

Adv Prev Med 2018 22;2018:5290797. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Nursing, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Samara University, Afar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Nosocomial infections due to poor hand hygiene are a major cause of increasing morbidity, mortality, and health care costs among hospitalized patients worldwide. Hand hygiene is mandatory to prevent the transmission of health care associated infections especially where infectious diseases are common like Sub-Saharan Africa. Hand washing compliance among health professionals in general is unacceptably low especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5290797DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282123PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Personal Oral Infection Control, Low Birthweight, and Preterm Births in Appalachia West Virginia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Prev Med 2018 7;2018:9618507. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Dental Research Labs Director, 106a Health Sciences Addition, P.O. Box 9448, Department of Dental Research, School of Dentistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

Introduction: Appalachia West Virginia has a higher prevalence of preterm and low birthweight babies than the US national prevalence. Many factors have been studied which are known to influence preterm births and low birthweight babies. There are limited interventions that are available to decrease the likelihood of preterm and low birthweight babies; however oral health and personal oral infection control may be helpful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9618507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106793PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Effect of Lycosome-Formulated Phosphatidylcholine on Parameters of Biological Oxidation after Single Intake of Moderate Amount of Alcohol.

Adv Prev Med 2018 30;2018:5840451. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Lycotec Ltd., Granta Park Campus, Cambridge CB21 6GP, UK.

Ingestion of a single dose of alcohol, ranging from the intake of a moderate amount alcohol to binge drinking, is the most frequent form of alcohol consumption with poorly understood medical consequences and obscure prophylactics. The study was aimed to determine whether lycosome formulated phosphatidylcholine (PC-Lyc) containing two highly bioavailable antioxidants (PC and lycopene) ingested shortly before the alcohol-containing beverage may alleviate the biochemical markers of liver damage and parameters of biological oxidation associated with the intake of a moderate amount of alcohol. Healthy middle-aged volunteers were requested to consume a moderate amount of alcohol - 0. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2018/5840451/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5840451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091444PMC
July 2018
34 Reads

Beyond Statins: Emerging Evidence for HDL-Increasing Therapies and Diet in Treating Cardiovascular Disease.

Authors:
Sterling Farrer

Adv Prev Med 2018 9;2018:6024747. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Osteopathic Medical Student, Western University of Health Sciences, 22 Mullins Drive, Lebanon, OR 97355, USA.

Coronary heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death in the United States. Current attempts to treat atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease often involve pharmaceutical and surgical treatments. While these treatments are successful in managing the pain from coronary heart disease, they do little to prevent or stop it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6024747DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077683PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Feasibility of Ideal Cardiovascular Health Evaluation in a Pediatric Clinic Setting.

Adv Prev Med 2018 12;2018:5474838. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, College of Allied Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 1200 N Stonewall, Suite 3057, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA.

The feasibility of "point-of-care" screening for ideal cardiovascular health was explored in a pediatric specialty clinic setting. Children and adolescents aged 9-18 years (n=91) with treated and stabilized diseases were recruited at a pediatric endocrinology clinic. A table-top device was used to assay fingerstick samples for non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), which was used to divide participants into two groups based on the non-HDL-C threshold for comparison of the remaining metrics between groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5474838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020661PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Prevalence of HCV, HBV, and HIV Seropositivity among Cadavers Referred to Autopsy Hall of Legal Medicine Bureau of Tehran, Iran.

Adv Prev Med 2017 29;2017:2043840. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

A large number of dead bodies are referred to forensic autopsy halls for medicolegal examination. They can be a source of transmission of infectious diseases through direct contact or autopsy tools. The main aim of this study was to estimate the virus infection rates in the dead bodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2043840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5727642PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Corrigendum to "Interrelationship between Sleep and Exercise: A Systematic Review".

Adv Prev Med 2017 16;2017:5979510. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/1364387.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5979510DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5662799PMC
October 2017
8 Reads

Is Dementia Screening of Apparently Healthy Individuals Justified?

Adv Prev Med 2017 8;2017:9708413. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Cambridge Institute of Public Health, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Despite efforts to raise awareness and develop guidelines for care of individuals with dementia, reports of poor detection and inadequate management persist. This has led to a call for more identification of people with dementia, that is, screening individuals who may or may not complain of symptoms of dementia in both acute settings and primary care. The following should be considered before recommending screening for dementia among individuals in the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9708413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5591898PMC
August 2017
45 Reads

Comment on "Interrelationship between Sleep and Exercise: A Systematic Review".

Adv Prev Med 2017 20;2017:7301676. Epub 2017 Aug 20.

High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Ksar-Saïd, Manouba University, Tunis, Tunisia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7301676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5585601PMC
August 2017
4 Reads

Readability Assessment of Online Patient Education Material on Congestive Heart Failure.

Adv Prev Med 2017 1;2017:9780317. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine, Scranton, PA, USA.

Background: Online health information is being used more ubiquitously by the general population. However, this information typically favors only a small percentage of readers, which can result in suboptimal medical outcomes for patients.

Objective: The readability of online patient education materials regarding the topic of congestive heart failure was assessed through six readability assessment tools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9780317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5471568PMC
June 2017
41 Reads

Interrelationship between Sleep and Exercise: A Systematic Review.

Adv Prev Med 2017 26;2017:1364387. Epub 2017 Mar 26.

Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Although a substantial body of literature has explored the relationship between sleep and exercise, comprehensive reviews and definitive conclusions about the impact of exercise interventions on sleep are lacking. Electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 2013 and March 2017. Studies were included if they possessed either objective or subjective measures of sleep and an exercise intervention that followed the guidelines recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1364387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5385214PMC
March 2017
33 Reads

Respiratory Symptoms due to Occupational Exposure to Formaldehyde and MDF Dust in a MDF Furniture Factory in Eastern Thailand.

Adv Prev Med 2016 14;2016:3705824. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

Occupational Medicine Center, Samitivej Sriracha Hospital, Chonburi 20110, Thailand.

The study aimed to investigate factors associated with respiratory symptoms in workers in a medium-density fiberboard (MDF) furniture factory in Eastern Thailand. Data were collected from 439 employees exposed to formaldehyde and MDF dust using questionnaire and personal sampler (Institute of Occupational Medicine; IOM). The average concentration of formaldehyde from MDF dust was 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3705824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5227115PMC
December 2016
5 Reads

Thymoquinone Promotes Pancreatic Cancer Cell Death and Reduction of Tumor Size through Combined Inhibition of Histone Deacetylation and Induction of Histone Acetylation.

Adv Prev Med 2016 26;2016:1407840. Epub 2016 Dec 26.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of New England, Biddeford, ME, USA.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is virtually therapy-resistant. As noninvasive lesions progress to malignancy, the precursor period provides a window for cancer therapies that can interfere with neoplastic progression. Thymoquinone (Tq), a major bioactive component of essential oil from 's seeds, has demonstrated antineoplastic activities in multiple cancers. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/1407840/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1407840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5220391PMC
December 2016
40 Reads

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms among Dental Health Workers, Southern Thailand.

Adv Prev Med 2016 14;2016:5494821. Epub 2016 Aug 14.

Department of Industrial Hygiene and Health Science, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Thaksin University, 222 Moo 2 Papayom District, Phatthalung Province 93210, Thailand.

Objectives. The objective of this study was to describe the socioeconomic situation of dental health work and work characteristics and to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dental health workers. Material and Methods. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/5494821/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5494821DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5002296PMC
September 2016
25 Reads

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Insulin Resistance in Adults from Maracaibo City, Venezuela.

Adv Prev Med 2016 4;2016:9405105. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, School of Medicine, University of Zulia, Maracaibo 4004, Venezuela.

Background and Aim. Insulin resistance (IR) is a prominent pathophysiologic component in a myriad of metabolic disorders, including obesity, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, which are common in our locality. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of IR and factors associated with this condition in an adult population from Maracaibo city, Venezuela. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/9405105/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9405105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4989131PMC
August 2016
9 Reads

Relationship between Female University Students' Knowledge on Menstruation and Their Menstrual Hygiene Practices: A Study in Tamale, Ghana.

Adv Prev Med 2016 25;2016:1056235. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Allied Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

Positive perception about menstruation and good menstrual hygiene practice safeguards the health of postpubescent females by reducing their vulnerability to reproductive and urinary tract infections. Using a questionnaire, a cross-sectional study involving 293 randomly selected female undergraduate students in northern Ghana assessed the relationship between knowledge on menstruation and the practice of safe menstrual hygiene. Data collected was analyzed using GraphPad 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1056235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4976185PMC
August 2016
36 Reads

The Comparison of Dietary Behaviors among Rural Controlled and Uncontrolled Hypertensive Patients.

Adv Prev Med 2016 19;2016:7086418. Epub 2016 Jul 19.

Community Health Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad 381351698, Iran; Community Health Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1419733171, Iran.

Nutrition is a dominant peripheral factor in increasing blood pressure; however, little information is available about the nutritional status of hypertensive patients in Iran. This study aimed to compare nutritional behaviors of the rural controlled and uncontrolled hypertensive patients and to determine the predictive power of nutritional behaviors from blood pressure. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 671 rural hypertensive patients, using multistage random sampling method in Ardabil city in 2013. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/7086418/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7086418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4969533PMC
August 2016
8 Reads

Epidemiology of Cancers in Kashmir, India: An Analysis of Hospital Data.

Adv Prev Med 2016 5;2016:1896761. Epub 2016 Jul 5.

Department of Surgical Oncology, SKIMS, Srinagar, Kashmir 190011, India.

Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. The aim of the present study was to measure the pattern of different cancers in Kashmir, India, a cancer belt with peculiar cancer profile. A hospital based cancer registry was started by the Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, in January 2006, wherein information was collected from cancer patients who were diagnosed and treated in the hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1896761DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4949346PMC
August 2016
5 Reads

Dengue Deaths: Associated Factors and Length of Hospital Stay.

Adv Prev Med 2016 4;2016:6807674. Epub 2016 Jul 4.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science and Technology, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

Background. Dengue continues to pose a public health problem globally. Objective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6807674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4947636PMC
July 2016
2 Reads

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Primary School Children Aged 8-13 Years in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania.

Adv Prev Med 2016 14;2016:1345017. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Department of Recreation Management and Exercise Science, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.

Background. The understanding of obesity as a growing health problem in Africa and Tanzania in particular is hampered by lack of data as well as sociocultural beliefs in which overweight and obesity are revered. This study sought to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children aged 8-13 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1345017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4923524PMC
July 2016
3 Reads