129 results match your criteria Advances in preventive medicine[Journal]


Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus and Associated Factors among Health Professionals in University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

Adv Prev Med 2019 3;2019:7136763. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Hepatitis B virus infection is one of the commonest occupational risks in healthcare workers. However; there is limited evidence regarding the prevalence of hepatitis in health professionals in Ethiopia.

Objective: This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of hepatitis B and associated factors in health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7136763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421023PMC

Association of Endothelial Function with Parental Hypertension in Normotensive-Obese African-American Women: A Pilot Study.

Adv Prev Med 2019 3;2019:5854219. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Departments of Basic Sciences and Clinical Medicine, American University of Antigua College of Medicine, Antigua and Barbuda.

Obese African-American (AA) women are at high risk of hypertension (HT) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and arterial augmentation index (AI) are measures of endothelial function and arterial stiffness. Whether endothelial function and arterial stiffness predict risk of HT or CVD in obese African-American women with, versus without, parental histories of HT and whether aerobic exercise is an effective countermeasure remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5854219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378072PMC
February 2019

Effect of Participation with Accompanying Household Member in the Complete Health Improvement Program in Appalachia.

Adv Prev Med 2019 29;2019:9648926. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Specialty Medicine, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Athens, OH 45701, USA.

Intensive therapeutic lifestyle modification programs, such as the Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP), reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. However, there are little data on how participation in CHIP with a household member can affect CVD biomarkers. This study focuses on the benefit of joint participation of household members in CHIP in order to have a better outcome in improving CVD risk factors compared with lone or individual participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9648926DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374866PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Telemedicine and Cardiology in the Elderly in France: Inventory of Experiments.

Adv Prev Med 2019 21;2019:2102156. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Research Unit EA 3072 "Mitochondrie, Stress Oxydant et Protection Musculaire", Faculté de Médecine de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg (UdS), 4 rue Kirschleger, 67091 Strasbourg, France.

Telemedicine is now in vogue, allowing through computer and communication tools to be deployed in the field of health, such as cardiology, area in which it has shown interest, in international studies. As the population ages, older people are increasingly concerned with this innovative practice. We take a look at telemedicine projects in France concerning the elderly, in the field of cardiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2102156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360554PMC
January 2019

Nasal Carriage Rate, Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern, and Associated Factors of with Special Emphasis on MRSA among Urban and Rural Elementary School Children in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Prev Med 2018 11;2018:9364757. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: is a Gram-positive, catalase-positive, and coagulase-positive bacterial species commonly found on the skin and in the nose of most healthy individuals. The anterior nares of nose are the most frequent carriage sites for in both adults and children. Methicillin resistance among isolates has steadily increased worldwide. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2018/9364757/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9364757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311292PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Knowledge and Practices of Hand Washing among Health Professionals in Dubti Referral Hospital, Dubti, Afar, Northeast Ethiopia.

Authors:
Suoud Jemal

Adv Prev Med 2018 22;2018:5290797. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Nursing, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Samara University, Afar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Nosocomial infections due to poor hand hygiene are a major cause of increasing morbidity, mortality, and health care costs among hospitalized patients worldwide. Hand hygiene is mandatory to prevent the transmission of health care associated infections especially where infectious diseases are common like Sub-Saharan Africa. Hand washing compliance among health professionals in general is unacceptably low especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5290797DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282123PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Personal Oral Infection Control, Low Birthweight, and Preterm Births in Appalachia West Virginia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Prev Med 2018 7;2018:9618507. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Dental Research Labs Director, 106a Health Sciences Addition, P.O. Box 9448, Department of Dental Research, School of Dentistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

Introduction: Appalachia West Virginia has a higher prevalence of preterm and low birthweight babies than the US national prevalence. Many factors have been studied which are known to influence preterm births and low birthweight babies. There are limited interventions that are available to decrease the likelihood of preterm and low birthweight babies; however oral health and personal oral infection control may be helpful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9618507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106793PMC

Effect of Lycosome-Formulated Phosphatidylcholine on Parameters of Biological Oxidation after Single Intake of Moderate Amount of Alcohol.

Adv Prev Med 2018 30;2018:5840451. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Lycotec Ltd., Granta Park Campus, Cambridge CB21 6GP, UK.

Ingestion of a single dose of alcohol, ranging from the intake of a moderate amount alcohol to binge drinking, is the most frequent form of alcohol consumption with poorly understood medical consequences and obscure prophylactics. The study was aimed to determine whether lycosome formulated phosphatidylcholine (PC-Lyc) containing two highly bioavailable antioxidants (PC and lycopene) ingested shortly before the alcohol-containing beverage may alleviate the biochemical markers of liver damage and parameters of biological oxidation associated with the intake of a moderate amount of alcohol. Healthy middle-aged volunteers were requested to consume a moderate amount of alcohol - 0. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2018/5840451/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5840451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091444PMC
July 2018
16 Reads

Beyond Statins: Emerging Evidence for HDL-Increasing Therapies and Diet in Treating Cardiovascular Disease.

Authors:
Sterling Farrer

Adv Prev Med 2018 9;2018:6024747. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Osteopathic Medical Student, Western University of Health Sciences, 22 Mullins Drive, Lebanon, OR 97355, USA.

Coronary heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death in the United States. Current attempts to treat atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease often involve pharmaceutical and surgical treatments. While these treatments are successful in managing the pain from coronary heart disease, they do little to prevent or stop it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6024747DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077683PMC

Feasibility of Ideal Cardiovascular Health Evaluation in a Pediatric Clinic Setting.

Adv Prev Med 2018 12;2018:5474838. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, College of Allied Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 1200 N Stonewall, Suite 3057, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA.

The feasibility of "point-of-care" screening for ideal cardiovascular health was explored in a pediatric specialty clinic setting. Children and adolescents aged 9-18 years (n=91) with treated and stabilized diseases were recruited at a pediatric endocrinology clinic. A table-top device was used to assay fingerstick samples for non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), which was used to divide participants into two groups based on the non-HDL-C threshold for comparison of the remaining metrics between groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5474838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020661PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Prevalence of HCV, HBV, and HIV Seropositivity among Cadavers Referred to Autopsy Hall of Legal Medicine Bureau of Tehran, Iran.

Adv Prev Med 2017 29;2017:2043840. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

A large number of dead bodies are referred to forensic autopsy halls for medicolegal examination. They can be a source of transmission of infectious diseases through direct contact or autopsy tools. The main aim of this study was to estimate the virus infection rates in the dead bodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2043840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5727642PMC
November 2017

Corrigendum to "Interrelationship between Sleep and Exercise: A Systematic Review".

Adv Prev Med 2017 16;2017:5979510. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/1364387.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5979510DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5662799PMC
October 2017
3 Reads

Is Dementia Screening of Apparently Healthy Individuals Justified?

Adv Prev Med 2017 8;2017:9708413. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Cambridge Institute of Public Health, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Despite efforts to raise awareness and develop guidelines for care of individuals with dementia, reports of poor detection and inadequate management persist. This has led to a call for more identification of people with dementia, that is, screening individuals who may or may not complain of symptoms of dementia in both acute settings and primary care. The following should be considered before recommending screening for dementia among individuals in the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9708413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5591898PMC
August 2017
25 Reads

Comment on "Interrelationship between Sleep and Exercise: A Systematic Review".

Adv Prev Med 2017 20;2017:7301676. Epub 2017 Aug 20.

High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Ksar-Saïd, Manouba University, Tunis, Tunisia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7301676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5585601PMC
August 2017
1 Read

Readability Assessment of Online Patient Education Material on Congestive Heart Failure.

Adv Prev Med 2017 1;2017:9780317. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine, Scranton, PA, USA.

Background: Online health information is being used more ubiquitously by the general population. However, this information typically favors only a small percentage of readers, which can result in suboptimal medical outcomes for patients.

Objective: The readability of online patient education materials regarding the topic of congestive heart failure was assessed through six readability assessment tools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9780317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5471568PMC
June 2017
17 Reads

Interrelationship between Sleep and Exercise: A Systematic Review.

Adv Prev Med 2017 26;2017:1364387. Epub 2017 Mar 26.

Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Although a substantial body of literature has explored the relationship between sleep and exercise, comprehensive reviews and definitive conclusions about the impact of exercise interventions on sleep are lacking. Electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 2013 and March 2017. Studies were included if they possessed either objective or subjective measures of sleep and an exercise intervention that followed the guidelines recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1364387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5385214PMC
March 2017
9 Reads

Respiratory Symptoms due to Occupational Exposure to Formaldehyde and MDF Dust in a MDF Furniture Factory in Eastern Thailand.

Adv Prev Med 2016 14;2016:3705824. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

Occupational Medicine Center, Samitivej Sriracha Hospital, Chonburi 20110, Thailand.

The study aimed to investigate factors associated with respiratory symptoms in workers in a medium-density fiberboard (MDF) furniture factory in Eastern Thailand. Data were collected from 439 employees exposed to formaldehyde and MDF dust using questionnaire and personal sampler (Institute of Occupational Medicine; IOM). The average concentration of formaldehyde from MDF dust was 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3705824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5227115PMC
December 2016
3 Reads

Thymoquinone Promotes Pancreatic Cancer Cell Death and Reduction of Tumor Size through Combined Inhibition of Histone Deacetylation and Induction of Histone Acetylation.

Adv Prev Med 2016 26;2016:1407840. Epub 2016 Dec 26.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of New England, Biddeford, ME, USA.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is virtually therapy-resistant. As noninvasive lesions progress to malignancy, the precursor period provides a window for cancer therapies that can interfere with neoplastic progression. Thymoquinone (Tq), a major bioactive component of essential oil from 's seeds, has demonstrated antineoplastic activities in multiple cancers. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/1407840/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1407840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5220391PMC
December 2016
20 Reads

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms among Dental Health Workers, Southern Thailand.

Adv Prev Med 2016 14;2016:5494821. Epub 2016 Aug 14.

Department of Industrial Hygiene and Health Science, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Thaksin University, 222 Moo 2 Papayom District, Phatthalung Province 93210, Thailand.

Objectives. The objective of this study was to describe the socioeconomic situation of dental health work and work characteristics and to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dental health workers. Material and Methods. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/5494821/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5494821DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5002296PMC
September 2016
11 Reads

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Insulin Resistance in Adults from Maracaibo City, Venezuela.

Adv Prev Med 2016 4;2016:9405105. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, School of Medicine, University of Zulia, Maracaibo 4004, Venezuela.

Background and Aim. Insulin resistance (IR) is a prominent pathophysiologic component in a myriad of metabolic disorders, including obesity, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, which are common in our locality. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of IR and factors associated with this condition in an adult population from Maracaibo city, Venezuela. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/9405105/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9405105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4989131PMC
August 2016
5 Reads

Relationship between Female University Students' Knowledge on Menstruation and Their Menstrual Hygiene Practices: A Study in Tamale, Ghana.

Adv Prev Med 2016 25;2016:1056235. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Allied Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

Positive perception about menstruation and good menstrual hygiene practice safeguards the health of postpubescent females by reducing their vulnerability to reproductive and urinary tract infections. Using a questionnaire, a cross-sectional study involving 293 randomly selected female undergraduate students in northern Ghana assessed the relationship between knowledge on menstruation and the practice of safe menstrual hygiene. Data collected was analyzed using GraphPad 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1056235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4976185PMC
August 2016
16 Reads

The Comparison of Dietary Behaviors among Rural Controlled and Uncontrolled Hypertensive Patients.

Adv Prev Med 2016 19;2016:7086418. Epub 2016 Jul 19.

Community Health Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad 381351698, Iran; Community Health Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1419733171, Iran.

Nutrition is a dominant peripheral factor in increasing blood pressure; however, little information is available about the nutritional status of hypertensive patients in Iran. This study aimed to compare nutritional behaviors of the rural controlled and uncontrolled hypertensive patients and to determine the predictive power of nutritional behaviors from blood pressure. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 671 rural hypertensive patients, using multistage random sampling method in Ardabil city in 2013. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2016/7086418/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7086418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4969533PMC
August 2016
6 Reads

Epidemiology of Cancers in Kashmir, India: An Analysis of Hospital Data.

Adv Prev Med 2016 5;2016:1896761. Epub 2016 Jul 5.

Department of Surgical Oncology, SKIMS, Srinagar, Kashmir 190011, India.

Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. The aim of the present study was to measure the pattern of different cancers in Kashmir, India, a cancer belt with peculiar cancer profile. A hospital based cancer registry was started by the Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, in January 2006, wherein information was collected from cancer patients who were diagnosed and treated in the hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1896761DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4949346PMC
August 2016
2 Reads

Dengue Deaths: Associated Factors and Length of Hospital Stay.

Adv Prev Med 2016 4;2016:6807674. Epub 2016 Jul 4.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science and Technology, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

Background. Dengue continues to pose a public health problem globally. Objective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6807674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4947636PMC

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Primary School Children Aged 8-13 Years in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania.

Adv Prev Med 2016 14;2016:1345017. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Department of Recreation Management and Exercise Science, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.

Background. The understanding of obesity as a growing health problem in Africa and Tanzania in particular is hampered by lack of data as well as sociocultural beliefs in which overweight and obesity are revered. This study sought to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children aged 8-13 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1345017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4923524PMC

Evaluation of Quality and Readability of Health Information Websites Identified through India's Major Search Engines.

Adv Prev Med 2016 28;2016:4815285. Epub 2016 Mar 28.

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh 160012, India.

Background. The available health information on websites should be reliable and accurate in order to make informed decisions by community. This study was done to assess the quality and readability of health information websites on World Wide Web in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4815285DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4826908PMC
April 2016
1 Read

Inhibitory Effect of the Punica granatum Fruit Extract on Angiotensin-II Type I Receptor and Thromboxane B2 in Endothelial Cells Induced by Plasma from Preeclamptic Patients.

Adv Prev Med 2016 18;2016:6028989. Epub 2016 Feb 18.

Pharmacology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University, Jalan Veteran, Kecamatan Lowokwaru, Malang, East Java 65145, Indonesia.

This study aims to evaluate whether the Punica granatum fruit extract modulates the Angiotensin-II Type I receptor (AT1-R) and thromboxane B2 level in endothelial cells induced by plasma from preeclamptic patients. Endothelial cells were obtained from human umbilical vascular endothelial cells. At confluence, endothelial cells were divided into five groups, which included endothelial cells exposed to 2% plasma from normal pregnancy (NP), endothelial cells exposed to 2% plasma from preeclamptic patients (PP), and endothelial cells exposed to PP in the presence of ethanolic extract of Punica granatum (PP + PG) at the following three doses: 14; 28; and 56 ppm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6028989DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4776343PMC
March 2016
2 Reads

Examining Implementation of Tobacco Control Policy at the District Level: A Case Study Analysis from a High Burden State in India.

Adv Prev Med 2016 3;2016:4018023. Epub 2016 Jan 3.

School of Public Health and Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

Introduction. While extensive scientific evidence exists on the tobacco epidemic, a lack of understanding of both policies and their appropriate way of implementation continues to hinder effective tobacco control. This is especially so in the developing countries such as India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4018023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4735919PMC
March 2016
3 Reads
1 Citation

Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Adult Population from Maracaibo City, Venezuela.

Adv Prev Med 2015 8;2015:352547. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

Endocrine-Metabolic Research Center, "Dr. Félix Gómez", Faculty of Medicine, University of Zulia, Maracaibo 4004, Zulia State, Venezuela.

Introduction. Although the relationships between alcohol and disorders such as cancer and liver disease have been thoroughly researched, its effects on cardiometabolic health remain controversial. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the association between alcohol consumption, the Metabolic Syndrome (MS), and its components in our locality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/352547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4686638PMC
January 2016
5 Reads

Predictors of Delay in Seeking Health Care among Myocardial Infarction Patients, Minia District, Egypt.

Adv Prev Med 2015 8;2015:342361. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia 61111, Egypt.

Objectives. To determine the barriers that hinder early seeking of medical care among Minia's myocardial infarction patients. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/342361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4686676PMC
January 2016
4 Reads
2 Citations

EEG Derived Neuronal Dynamics during Meditation: Progress and Challenges.

Adv Prev Med 2015 6;2015:614723. Epub 2015 Dec 6.

Panjab University, Chandigarh 160036, India.

Meditation advances positivity but how these behavioral and psychological changes are brought can be explained by understanding neurophysiological effects of meditation. In this paper, a broad spectrum of neural mechanics under a variety of meditation styles has been reviewed. The overall aim of this study is to review existing scientific studies and future challenges on meditation effects based on changing EEG brainwave patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/614723DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684838PMC
January 2016
2 Reads

Risk Factors of Overweight and Obesity among High School Students in Bahir Dar City, North West Ethiopia: School Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Prev Med 2015 1;2015:294902. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, P.O. Box 209, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for diet-related noncommunicable diseases. These diseases are the fifth leading risks for global deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/294902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4678054PMC
December 2015
8 Reads
4 Citations

"HealthOmeter": An Aid in Advancing Preventive Medicine Media Revolution.

Authors:
Erik Trell

Adv Prev Med 2015 19;2015:798971. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, 58185 Linköping, Sweden.

Subjective wellbeing is an important issue on the preventive medicine and political agenda and for mutual communication, information, and interaction in society and its individuals "requires new tools for measuring phenomena previously believed unmeasurable, as well as conceptual frameworks for interpreting such measurements…considering both happiness and misery." The task is difficult, however, due to the great span of parameters and variables of age and gender, settings, socioeconomic conditions, wellness and illness, activities and functions, roles and habits, thoughts and feelings, and experiences and expectations involved over the panorama. HealthOmeter is a clinically tested and validated instrument with design and capacity in distinct coherent chapters to meet the new measurement and interpretation demands both contentwise and operationwise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/798971DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4668307PMC
December 2015

Eating Behaviours of British University Students: A Cluster Analysis on a Neglected Issue.

Adv Prev Med 2015 13;2015:639239. Epub 2015 Oct 13.

Faculty of Health and Social Care, University of Chester, Castle Drive, Chester CH1 1SL, UK.

Unhealthy diet is a primary risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. University student populations are known to engage in health risking lifestyle behaviours including risky eating behaviours. The purpose of this study was to examine eating behaviour patterns in a population of British university students using a two-step cluster analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/639239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4621329PMC
November 2015

Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Infection: From an Infection Prevention Perspective.

Adv Prev Med 2015 13;2015:357087. Epub 2015 Oct 13.

Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Department of Internal Medicine, UPMC Mercy, Pittsburgh, PA 15238, USA ; Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, UPMC Mercy, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

A cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) is indicated for patients with severely reduced ejection fraction or with life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. Infection related to a CIED is one of the most feared complications of this life-saving device. The rate of CIED infection has been estimated to be between 2 and 25; though evidence shows that this rate continues to rise with increasing expenditure to the patient as well as healthcare systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/357087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4621323PMC
November 2015
2 Reads

Psychosocial Predictors for Cancer Prevention Behaviors in Workplace Using Protection Motivation Theory.

Adv Prev Med 2015 12;2015:467498. Epub 2015 Oct 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Backgrounds. The aim of this study was to describe the preventive behaviors of industrial workers and factors influencing occupational cancer prevention behaviors using protection motivation theory. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/467498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4620287PMC
November 2015
5 Reads
1 Citation

Comment on "Effects of Yoga on Utero-Fetal-Placental Circulation in High-Risk Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial".

Adv Prev Med 2015 15;2015:587489. Epub 2015 Sep 15.

Department of Community Medicine, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka 575018, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/587489DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4586901PMC
October 2015
2 Reads

Novel Longitudinal and Propensity Score Matched Analysis of Hands-On Cooking and Nutrition Education versus Traditional Clinical Education among 627 Medical Students.

Adv Prev Med 2015 8;2015:656780. Epub 2015 Sep 8.

The Goldring Center for Culinary Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70119, USA.

Background. Physicians are inadequately equipped to respond to the global obesity and nutrition-associated chronic disease epidemics. We investigated superiority of simulation-based medical education with deliberate practice (SBME-DP) hands-on cooking and nutrition elective in a medical school-based teaching kitchen versus traditional clinical education for medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/656780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4578831PMC
October 2015
6 Reads

Predictors of Self-Management Behaviors in Older Adults with Hypertension.

Adv Prev Med 2015 12;2015:960263. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, 103 Robinson Hall, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

The purpose of this study was to develop a prediction model of demographic and sociobehavioral characteristics common among older adults with hypertension (HTN) who engage in self-management behavior. A descriptive, correlational predictive design was used to collect data at 14 faith-based and senior citizen organizations in a major urban northeastern city. Participants ranged in age from 63 to 96 with a mean age of 77 (SD 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/960263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4549485PMC
September 2015
2 Reads

Breastfeeding Practices, Demographic Variables, and Their Association with Morbidities in Children.

Adv Prev Med 2015 10;2015:892825. Epub 2015 Aug 10.

Central Research Services, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad, Gujarat 388325, India.

Appropriate feeding practices are the key contributor to reducing morbidities and mortalities in under-five children. A cross-sectional questionnaire based survey of mothers of children aged less than 5years was conducted in 781 mothers. More than half of mothers (57. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/892825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4546948PMC
September 2015
14 Reads

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders in Indian Population.

Adv Prev Med 2015 11;2015:208519. Epub 2015 Aug 11.

Periodontics, Troy, MI, USA.

Objective. To assess the prevalence of oral potentially malignant disorders and to determine the potential risk factors for its development in Indian population. Materials and Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/208519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4548071PMC
September 2015
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Neuropsychological Symptoms among Workers Exposed to Toluene and Xylene in Two Paint Manufacturing Factories in Eastern Thailand.

Adv Prev Med 2015 28;2015:183728. Epub 2015 Jul 28.

Occupational Medicine Center, Samitivej Sriracha Hospital, Chonburi 20230, Thailand.

The study analyzed the exposure factors that may lead to neuropsychological symptoms among 92 workers who were exposed to xylene and toluene and 100 workers who were not exposed to the solvents. The airborne concentration of xylene and toluene was evaluated with personal passive badges. The levels of methyl hippuric acid and hippuric acid in urine were assessed, and interviews were performed to observe the neuropsychological symptoms that may result from exposure to the solvents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/183728DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4531158PMC
August 2015
8 Reads

Effect of Simvastatin on Arterial Stiffness in Patients with Statin Myalgia.

Adv Prev Med 2015 15;2015:351059. Epub 2015 Jul 15.

Division of Cardiology, Henry Low Heart Center, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT 06102, USA ; Department of Health Sciences and Nursing, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA.

Statins reduce arterial stiffness but are also associated with mild muscle complaints. It is unclear whether individuals with muscle symptoms experience the same vascular benefit or whether statins affect striated and smooth muscle cells differently. We examined the effect of simvastatin treatment on arterial stiffness in patients who did versus those who did not exhibit muscle symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/351059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4518173PMC
August 2015
5 Reads

The reduction of distress using therapeutic geothermal water procedures in a randomized controlled clinical trial.

Adv Prev Med 2015 19;2015:749417. Epub 2015 Mar 19.

State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, Žygimantų 9, LT-01102 Vilnius, Lithuania.

Stress is an element of each human's life and an indicator of its quality. Thermal mineral waters have been used empirically for the treatment of different diseases for centuries. Aim of the Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/749417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4383502PMC
April 2015
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Effects of yoga on utero-fetal-placental circulation in high-risk pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial.

Adv Prev Med 2015 20;2015:373041. Epub 2015 Jan 20.

Gunasheela Surgical & Maternity Hospital, Building No. 1/2, Dewan Madhava Rao Road, Basavanagudi, Bangalore, Karnataka 560004, India.

Introduction. Impaired placentation and inadequate trophoblast invasion have been associated with the etiology of many pregnancy complications and have been correlated with the first trimester uterine artery resistance. Previous studies have shown the benefits of yoga in improving pregnancy outcomes and those of yogic visualization in revitalizing the human tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/373041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4320907PMC
February 2015
5 Reads

Challenges and Opportunities to Improve Cervical Cancer Screening Rates in US Health Centers through Patient-Centered Medical Home Transformation.

Adv Prev Med 2015 21;2015:182073. Epub 2015 Jan 21.

Office of Quality and Data, Bureau of Primary Health Care, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA.

Over the last 50 years, the incidence of cervical cancer has dramatically decreased. However, health disparities in cervical cancer screening (CCS) persist for women from racial and ethnic minorities and those residing in rural and poor communities. For more than 45 years, federally funded health centers (HCs) have been providing comprehensive, culturally competent, and quality primary health care services to medically underserved communities and vulnerable populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/182073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4317574PMC
February 2015
8 Reads

Vaccines for canine leishmaniasis.

Adv Prev Med 2014 31;2014:569193. Epub 2014 Dec 31.

Basic Sciences in Infectious Diseases Research Center, School of Advanced Medical Sciences and Technologies, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 71347-45794, Iran.

Leishmania infantum is the obligatory intracellular parasite of mammalian macrophages and causes zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL). The presence of infected dogs as the main reservoir host of ZVL is regarded as the most important potential risk for human infection. Thus the prevention of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is essential to stop the current increase of the Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/569193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4297634PMC
January 2015
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Differences in the malariometric indices of asymptomatic carriers in three communities in ibadan, Nigeria.

Adv Prev Med 2014 23;2014:509236. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200001, Nigeria.

This study was conducted to determine the malariometric indices of children in three different settings in Ibadan, Nigeria. Children were recruited from an urban slum (Oloomi) and a periurban (Sasa) and a rural community (Igbanda) in Ibadan. Children aged between 2 and 10 years were randomly selected from primary schools in the urban and periurban areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/509236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4284954PMC
January 2015
6 Reads

The 2007 los angeles mommy and baby study: a multilevel, population-based study of maternal and infant health in los angeles county.

Adv Prev Med 2014 11;2014:293648. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Public Health, 650 Charles E. Young Dr. South, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.

Objectives. In order to comprehensively examine the risks and resources associated with racial-ethnic disparities in adverse obstetric outcomes, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health and the University of California, Los Angeles, joined efforts to design and implement the 2007 Los Angeles Mommy and Baby (LAMB) study. This paper aims to present the conceptual frameworks underlying the study's development, highlight the successful collaboration between a research institution and local health department, describe the distinguishing characteristics of its methodology, and discuss the study's implications for research, programs, and policies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/293648DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4279178PMC
January 2015
2 Reads

Retracted: immunization coverage: role of sociodemographic variables.

Adv Prev Med 2014 29;2014:890248. Epub 2014 Dec 29.

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/607935.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/890248DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4279428PMC
January 2015