1,196 results match your criteria Advances in physiology education[Journal]


What determines the physiology that students learn?

Authors:
A D C Macknight

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):172-174

ADlnstruments, Dunedin , New Zealand.

Modern technologies enable us to engage students in learning in innovative ways. This article discusses ideas about how we can use these technologies to provide efficient, effective, everlasting, and exciting learning-the 4 E's of tomorrow's education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00035.2019DOI Listing

Forgetting as the friend of learning: implications for teaching and self-regulated learning.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):164-167

Department of Psychology, University of California , Los Angeles.

One of the "important peculiarities" of human learning (Bjork RA and Bjork EL. , 1992, p. 35-67) is that certain conditions that produce forgetting-that is, impair access to some to-be-learned information studied earlier-also enhance the learning of that information when it is restudied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00001.2019DOI Listing

An outreach program with hands-on, physiology-based exercises generates questions about STEM career expectations.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):175-179

Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center , Omaha, Nebraska.

Scientific advocacy and outreach programs are encouraged to increase public understanding of scientific knowledge and generate interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers. However, evaluation of these events' effectiveness is difficult and somewhat rare. This study's purpose was to better understand how effective an established physiology-based outreach program was in generating interest in STEM careers, while simultaneously providing information that can be used to increase the effectiveness of future events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00013.2019DOI Listing

Beyond the single course: teaching research throughout the curriculum.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):168-171

Department of Chemistry and Physical Science, Dakota Wesleyan University, Mitchell, South Dakota.

Our STEM majors arrive on campus as rule followers-"Tell me what to do, and I'll do it," is their refrain. To break this mindset, we redesigned our suite of laboratory courses to scaffold research throughout the program. Every laboratory incorporates both discipline-specific and research-specific skills. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00215.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00215.2018DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Actions developed by the Brazilian Physiological Society to promote women's participation in science.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):199-206

Instituto do Coração, University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

Here we described two activities related to Women in Science: one main conference and one symposium, both developed during the Annual Congress of the Brazilian Physiological Society, which were held within the XXXIII Annual Meeting of the Federation of Brazilian Experimental Biology Societies, from September 3-6, 2018, in Campos do Jordão (SP/Brazil). This conference and the symposium were among the most popular activities of the congress. This is important because the activities addressed important issues, including the fact that only 29% of the worlds' researchers are women, and women have difficulty progressing in a scientific career. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00216.2018DOI Listing

Pedagogical training profile of basic health sciences faculty in biomedical and related fields at Brazilian public and private higher education institutions.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):180-190

Graduate Program in Biological Sciences: Physiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul , Brazil.

Historically, Brazilian higher education teachers' pedagogical training has not been a concern. Even today, a graduate degree is the main requirement to be a faculty member. However, a set of competencies is necessary to teach: pedagogical competency, political competency, and knowledge of specific content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00211.2018DOI Listing

Using active pedagogies to advance learning for lifestyle medicine: an approach for medical students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):191-195

Department of Medical Education, University of Central Florida College of Medicine , Orlando, Florida.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00195.2018DOI Listing

Elementary school classroom physical activity breaks: student, teacher, and facilitator perspectives.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):140-148

Department of Kinesiology and Sport Science, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio.

Current physical activity (PA) guidelines recommend that children accumulate at least 60 min of PA each day, and that adults should collaborate across sectors to increase opportunities for PA. Implementing brief classroom PA breaks (CPABs) is one way to help increase daily PA. The primary purpose of this study was to determine perceptions of a 14-wk CPAB program among elementary school children, in the first through fourth grades ( n = 254), at a suburban elementary school, and their teachers ( n = 18). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00002.2019DOI Listing

First African-American to hold a medical degree: brief history of James McCune Smith, abolitionist, educator, and physician.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):134-139

Department of Physiology, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Michigan State University , East Lansing, Michigan.

Dr. James McCune Smith, the first African-American to obtain a medical degree, has a remarkable legacy of historical proportions, yet his immense impact on society remains relatively unknown. He may be most celebrated for his effectiveness in abolitionist politics, however, his pioneering influence in medicine is equally remarkable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00119.2018DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Elephants, snorkels, pressures: modeling snorkeling at depth.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):155-158

Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Missouri , Columbia, Missouri.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00191.2018DOI Listing

Increased learning by using board game on muscular system physiology compared with guided study.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):149-154

Department of Physiological Sciences, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas-UNICAMP , Piracicaba, São Paulo , Brazil.

The aim of this work is to describe the "Muscular System Game," created to assist in the teaching-learning process concerning the physiology of the muscular system, and to evaluate its effect on the learning of university students. Participating in this study were first-year undergraduate students of the pharmacy course (game group, n = 21, 5 men and 16 women, age 23.57 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00165.2018DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Second graders and their teacher have PhUn learning about thermoregulation.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):159-163

Grantham Village School, Grantham, New Hampshire.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00207.2018DOI Listing

Making the clinical connection from textbook to bedside during MDY1: an integrative approach for medical physiology education employing human simulation.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):128-133

Departments of Physiology and Biophysics, Howard University College of Medicine , Washington, District of Columbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00109.2018DOI Listing

Ten maxims of formative assessment.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):99-102

Department of Pathology, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education , Manipal , India.

In an era that is seemingly saturated with standardized tests of all hues and stripes, it is easy to forget that assessments not only measure the performance of students, but also consolidate and enhance their learning. Assessment for learning is best elucidated as a process by which the assessment information can be used by teachers to modify their teaching strategies while students adjust and alter their learning approaches. Effectively implemented, formative assessments can convert classroom culture to one that resonates with the triumph of learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00173.2018DOI Listing

Open educational resources in immunology education.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):103-109

Laboratory of Cellular Communication, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ) , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.

The use of computers as a pedagogical resource is currently on the rise. In the case of immunology, students present difficulties in visualizing molecular phenomena. Thus the use of animations and simulations available on the internet might facilitate the learning of complex immunological concepts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00116.2018DOI Listing

Physiology is hard: a replication study of students' perceived learning difficulties.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):121-127

Department of Biological Science, North Dakota State University , Fargo, North Dakota.

Human Anatomy and Physiology (HAP) has long been recognized as a difficult course. A 2007 study (Michael J. Adv Physiol Educ 31: 34-40, 2007) sought to better understand this difficulty by asking faculty for their perceptions of why students struggle to learn in HAP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00040.2018DOI Listing

Combining novel research and community-engaged learning in an undergraduate physiology laboratory course.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):110-120

Department of Biological Sciences, Duquesne University , Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

To better prepare physiology students for 21st century careers, we incorporated classroom-based undergraduate research experiences and service learning/community-engaged learning (SLCE) into a college-level physiology laboratory course. The interventions were incorporated over 4 yr and assessed using validated surveys of student-reported learning gains related to attitudes toward science, the scientific process, and career paths. Students reported the greatest learning gains in those years when students did novel research oriented around a common theme of water quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00177.2018DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

Using stereoscopic visualizations as templates to construct a spatial hands-on representation-is there a novelty effect?

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):93-98

Institute of Biology and School Gardening, University of Education Karlsruhe , Karlsruhe , Germany.

Sculpting representations of human organs out of modeling clay is an acknowledged method of teaching anatomical structures. Because of its potential to provide detailed spatial information, stereoscopic imagery can be understood to function as a suitable template for such sculpting tasks. Currently, it is unknown whether the advantages of stereoscopic images for modeling structures result from enhanced depth impression alone, or whether task performance is impacted by factors such as situational intrinsic motivation and perceived competence while sculpting a human organ using stereoscopic imagery as template. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00180.2018DOI Listing

Anesthetic MS-222 eliminates nerve and muscle activity in frogs used for physiology teaching laboratories.

Authors:
Scott Medler

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):69-75

Department of Biology, State University of New York at Fredonia, Fredonia, New York.

Frogs are routinely used in physiology teaching laboratories to demonstrate important physiological processes. There have been recent directives that promote the use of the anesthetic MS-222 (tricaine methanesulfonate), rather than lowering body temperature with a cold water bath to prepare reptiles and amphibians for physiological experiments or euthanasia. Indeed, the most recent edition of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals proclaims that chilling in water is not an appropriate method and advocates for the usage of MS-222 or other anesthetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00114.2018DOI Listing

Transforming a cookbook undergraduate microbiology laboratory to inquiry based using a semester-long PBL case study.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):82-92

Department of Life and Health Sciences, University of Nicosia , Nicosia , Cyprus.

Microbial physiology is a basic course taught throughout biomedical science disciplines. Students study the structure, growth, and metabolism of microorganisms and often find it difficult to learn the information, usually because they fail to see the wider applications. The current microbiology laboratory series describes how to transform a "cookbook" undergraduate laboratory to an inquiry-based one by incorporating problem-based learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00167.2018DOI Listing

Remember to breathe: teaching respiratory physiology in a clinical context using simulation.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):76-81

Institute of Health Sciences, Barts and the Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry , London , United Kingdom.

Evidence shows that biomedical knowledge is more effectively taught within the medical curriculum by teaching in context, to facilitate learning transfer. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of combining high-technology simulation and physiology teaching on medical student learning and experience. First-year medical students received respiratory physiology teaching in the form of lectures, problem-based learning, and practical sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00148.2018DOI Listing

Generative retrieval results in positive academic emotions and long-term retention of cardiovascular anatomy using transthoracic echocardiography.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):47-54

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia , Charlottesville, Virginia.

With increasing medical knowledge, procedural, and diagnostic skills to learn, it is vital for educators to make the limited amount of teaching time available to students effective and efficient. Generative retrieval is an effective and efficient learning tool, improving long-term retention through the practice of retrieval from memory. Forty medical students were randomized to learn normal cardiovascular anatomy using transthoracic echocardiography video clips in a generative retrieval (GR) or standard practice (SP) group. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00047.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00047.2018DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Board game improves the learning process in small-animal diagnostic imaging.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):66-68

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Sciences and Food Engineering, University of Sao Paulo, Pirassununga, Sao Paulo , Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00034.2018DOI Listing

Impact of cardiovascular embryology animations on short-term learning.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):55-65

Medical Sciences Program, Indiana University School of Medicine , Bloomington, Indiana.

An understanding of human embryology is essential for students to better understand the subjects of human anatomy and physiology. However, human embryology is a challenging subject for many, since they must learn how anatomic structures and physiological processes develop over a period of time. Embryology texts typically use static, two-dimensional images to illustrate the dynamic three-dimensional developmental processes, making it difficult for a student to understand spatial relationships and sequential steps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00121.2018DOI Listing

Effect of flipped teaching on student performance and perceptions in an Introductory Physiology course.

Authors:
Chaya Gopalan

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):28-33

Departments of Applied Health, Primary Care and Health Systems, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, Illinois.

Flipped teaching (FT) has caught educators' attention due to its success in engaging students through pre- and in-class activities. To learn if FT improved student performance, scores from the quizzes and exams of a fully flipped classroom with retrieval exercises were compared with those of five semesters of traditional lecture-based [unflipped (UF)] teaching in an undergraduate sophomore-level physiology course. Student attitude surveys were also evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00051.2018DOI Listing

Development of a risk-based, large-group revision quiz for first-year undergraduates.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):42-46

School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience, University of Bristol , Bristol , United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00158.2018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Motion sickness as metaphor: engaging with diversity in STEM.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):1-6

Department of Biology, Beloit College , Beloit, Wisconsin.

Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) continue to work to increase the diversity of the fields, yet there are still significant historical and societal hurdles to be overcome before we reach full representation throughout STEM. The concept of science identity has become a point of interest in this process; it has been suggested that development of one's identity as a scientist is critical to persistence in the field. Metaphors that are rooted in bodily experience can provide a starting point to understand abstract concepts, including science identity and how we as STEM educators respond to increasing diversity within our fields. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00185.2018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Muscle metaboreflex activation via postexercise ischemia as a tool for teaching cardiovascular physiology for undergraduate students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):34-41

NeuroV̇ASQ̇, Integrative Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Brasília , Brasília , Brazil.

The cardiovascular responses to exercise are mediated by several interactive neural mechanisms, including central command, arterial baroreflex, and skeletal muscle mechano- and metaboreflex. In humans, muscle metaboreflex activation can be isolated via postexercise ischemia (PEI), which increases sympathetic nerve activity and partially maintains the exercise-induced increase in arterial blood pressure. Here, we describe a practical laboratory class using PEI as a simple and useful technique to teach cardiovascular physiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00174.2018DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Phys-MAPS: a programmatic physiology assessment for introductory and advanced undergraduates.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):15-27

Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado-Boulder , Boulder, Colorado.

We describe the development of a new, freely available, online, programmatic-level assessment tool, Measuring Achievement and Progress in Science in Physiology, or Phys-MAPS ( http://cperl.lassp.cornell. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00128.2018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Informing the uninformed: a multitier approach to uncover students' misconceptions on cardiovascular physiology.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):7-14

Center for Innovation in Medical Education, Leiden University Medical Center , Leiden , The Netherlands.

Misconceptions about physiology are a major threat to accurate scientific and clinical reasoning in medical education. Awareness is often mentioned as a prerequisite to achieve conceptual understanding; however, students are frequently unaware of their incorrect understanding. We explored the multitier approach as a tool to obtain insight into students' awareness and misconceptions regarding cardiovascular physiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00130.2018DOI Listing

CORRIGENDUM.

Authors:

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 09;42(3):527

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.zu1-3247-corr.2018DOI Listing
September 2018

CORRIGENDUM.

Authors:

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 09;42(3):526

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.zu1-3246-corr.2018DOI Listing
September 2018

CORRIGENDUM.

Authors:

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 09;42(3):528

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.zu1-3248-corr.2018DOI Listing
September 2018

What makes skeletal muscle striated? Discoveries in the endosarcomeric and exosarcomeric cytoskeleton.

Authors:
Jack A Rall

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):672-684

Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, Ohio State University , Columbus, Ohio.

One of the most iconic images in biology is the cross-striated appearance of a skeletal muscle fiber. The repeating band pattern shows that all of the sarcomeres are the same length. All of the A bands are the same length and are located in the middle of the sarcomeres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00152.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluation of a virtual neurophysiology laboratory as a new pedagogical tool for medical undergraduate students in China.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):704-710

Teaching Laboratory of Function, Cheeloo College of Medicine , Jinan, Shandong , China.

This study compared the effect of a virtual laboratory, a living tissue laboratory, and a blended laboratory on student learning about the generation and conduction of neural action potentials and perceptions about life science. Sixty-three second-year medical students were randomly assigned to one of three groups (living tissue laboratory, virtual laboratory, and blended group). The students conducted the practical activity, and then they were given a postlaboratory quiz and an attitude survey. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00088.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00088.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Student engagement and higher order skill proficiency: a comparison of traditional didactic and renewed integrated active learning curricula.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):685-692

Indiana University School of Medicine-Evansville , Evansville, Indiana.

A large, multicampus, public medical school underwent curricular renewal, emphasizing a student-centered approach with 50% of all course contact time devoted to active learning. Determining the impact of active learning on student engagement and higher order skill (HOS) proficiency was the primary aim of this study. Following Institutional Review Board approval, two cohort groups of first-year medical students were enrolled. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00149.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00149.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Win-win: utilizing undergraduate honors college credits in support of sustainable department outreach programs.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):718-719

Department of Physiology, Michigan State University , East Lansing, Michigan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00041.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

No stress-better results?

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):720-722

Université de La Réunion, INSERM, UMR 1188, Diabète Athérothrombose Thérapies Réunion Océan Indien, Plateforme CYROI, Saint Denis de La Réunion, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00121.2017DOI Listing
December 2018

Medical student perceptions about active methodologies in the study of physiology in medical schools in Salvador, Brazil.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):693-696

Universidade Salvador (UNIFACS) , Salvador, Bahia , Brazil.

In the field of medical education, it is possible to consider that the acquisition of professional competences can gain new contours when considering the use of active methodologies. It is important to analyze the perception of the students about the use of them in medical courses, as well as to reflect on their challenges and potentials. In the present study, a semistructured questionnaire of student perception was applied immediately after the execution of different types of active methodologies in the discipline of physiology in two medical courses. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00105.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00105.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

The self-assessment dilemma: an open-source, ethical method using Matlab to formulate multiple-choice quiz questions for online reinforcement.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):697-703

Brighton and Sussex Medical School , Brighton , United Kingdom.

Student self-assessment using computer-based quizzes has been shown to increase subject memory and engagement. Some types of self-assessment quizzes can be associated with a dilemma between 1) medical students who want the self-assessment quiz to be clearly related to upcoming summative assessments or curated by the exam-setters, and 2) university administrators and ethics committees who want clear guarantees that the self-assessment quizzes are not based on the summative assessments or made by instructors familiar with the exam bank of items. An algorithm in Matlab was developed to formulate multiple-choice questions for both ion transport proteins and pharmacology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00081.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

Blended learning in medical physiology improves nursing students' study efficiency.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):711-717

Department of Physiology, Shandong University Cheeloo College of Medicine , Jinan , China.

The rapid development of mobile phones and communication networks is profoundly changing the lives of people in China. With the gradual growth of Wi-Fi on college and university campuses, Chinese schools are setting off a wave of teaching reform combining online material with traditional classroom instruction. We adapted a Chinese University massive open online course physiology course into a private university online course, specifically designed for second-semester bachelor's level nursing students at Taishan Medical University. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00021.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
20 Reads

Effect of the use of a model with peer instruction for the teaching of membrane potential and action potential.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):661-667

Department of Physiology and Pathology, Federal University of Paraiba , Paraiba , Brazil.

A group of teachers from Northeast Brazil developed a model of membrane potentials and action potential and tested the hypothesis that using the peer-instruction model would provide a better performance for students in reading traditional texts and lectures. The results were obtained from 357 students from 20 different courses in 9 different undergraduate programs. All students attended two 100-min theoretical lecture and, at the end of the second lecture, were asked to answer a multiple-choice question (a pretest). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00110.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

Women in (neuro)science: report of a meeting held at the University of Valencia, Spain, in February 2018.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):668-671

Department of Physiology, University of Valencia , Valencia , Spain.

February 11th is the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. To mark this day, research centers and universities were invited by the Spanish Neuroscience Association to organize a symposium. Twenty-five centers in Spain participated in the event, with the intent of giving visibility to the existing problem of the scarcity of women compared with men in (neuro)science in positions of responsibility and command. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00113.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00113.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
1.240 Impact Factor

Helping students to understand physiological aspects of regional distribution of ventilation in humans: a experience from the electrical impedance tomography.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):655-660

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará , Fortaleza, Ceará , Brazil.

Undergraduate biomedical students often have difficulties in understanding basic concepts of respiratory physiology, particularly respiratory mechanics. In this study, we report the use of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) to improve and consolidate the knowledge about physiological aspects of normal regional distribution of ventilation in humans. Initially, we assessed the previous knowledge of a group of medical students ( n = 39) about regional differences in lung ventilation. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00086.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00086.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Embracing the flipped classroom: the planning and execution of a faculty workshop.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):648-654

Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, Illinois.

A great deal of interest has emerged recently in the flipped classroom (FC), a student-centered teaching approach. After attending a presentation by the first author on the FC, a faculty member of a medical school in Mexico arranged for a 3-day workshop for 13 faculty members. The goal of the workshop was to train faculty to use the FC strategy in their classrooms to increase student engagement in learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00012.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

Student engagement in a Human Anatomy and Physiology course: a New Zealand perspective.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):636-643

School of Interprofessional Health Studies, Auckland University of Technology , Auckland , New Zealand.

The population diversity of New Zealand is due to the unique fusion of indigenous peoples of Polynesian origin (Māori), western European colonization (Pākehā), and more recent (20th century) immigration from the Pacific region (Pasifika). However, disparities in tertiary education indicate that Māori and Pasifika students are more likely to drop out during their first year of study and are less likely to complete their qualification than their Pākehā peers. Higher levels of course engagement may increase first-year grades, elevate academic performance, and encourage persistence between the first and second years of study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00035.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

Formative online quiz on hemotherapy from blood physiology to transfusion medicine: a pilot study conducted with Brazilian medical students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):644-647

Cellular Communication Laboratory, Graduate Program in Education in Biosciences and Health, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00079.2018DOI Listing
December 2018

Impact of an early clinical exposure project conducted by senior clinical students compared between participating and nonparticipating students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):619-625

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University , Bangkok , Thailand.

An early clinical exposure project conducted by clinical students aimed to promote direct clinical experience to preclinical students. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the project on academic achievement and study attitudes and habits between participating and nonparticipating students before ( test 1) and after the project ( test 2) in the second preclinical year and at the end of the first semester of the first clinical year ( test 3), with a subgroup analysis of the first (lowest) to third (highest) tertile of the score. Questionnaires were sent to the first clinical year students at test 3 and asked the information retrospectively at test 1 and test 2 in second year preclinical and currently at test 3, with 83. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00122.2018
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00122.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
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Learning (by) osmosis: an approach to teaching osmolarity and tonicity.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Dec;42(4):626-635

Department of Medical Education, Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin , Austin, Texas.

Understanding osmolarity and tonicity is one of the more challenging endeavors undertaken by students of the natural sciences. We asked students who completed a course in animal physiology to submit an essay explaining what they found most perplexing about this subject, and what in-class activities proved most useful to them. Students had difficulty distinguishing osmolarity from tonicity and determining tonicity based on the solution's composition. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/advan.00094.2018
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00094.2018DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads