1,308 results match your criteria Advances in physiology education[Journal]


A controlled intervention to improve freshman retention in a STEM-based physiology major.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):334-343

Division of Exercise Physiology, Department of Human Performance and Applied Exercise Science, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.

Using a Scholarship of Teaching and Learning lens, this study systematically examined if a targeted intervention in at-risk students within a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)-based physiology program would elicit positive student perceptions and higher retention rates into the second year. Those students who were considered at risk for attrition (retention; = 82) were compared against a control group (non-retention; = 165), and outcomes were evaluated with an End-of-Semester Survey and university enrollment data. Students in the retention group reported more favorable responses to questions pertaining to a first-year seminar course and academic advising. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00038.2020DOI Listing
September 2020

Long weekend sleep is linked to stronger academic performance in male but not female pharmacy students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):350-357

School of Pharmacy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Poor sleep hygiene portends loss of physical and mental stamina. Therefore, maintaining a regular sleep/wake schedule on both weekdays and weekends is highly recommended. However, this advice runs contrary to the habits of university students who sleep late on weekends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00005.2020DOI Listing
September 2020

Use of Facebook groups as a strategy for continuum involvement of students with physiology after finishing a physiology course.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):358-361

Physiology Research Group, Stress, Memory and Behavior Laboratory, Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00024.2020DOI Listing
September 2020

Augmented reality-based learning for the comprehension of cardiac physiology in undergraduate biomedical students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):314-322

Institute of Chemistry, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile.

The integrated mechanisms of heart contraction are some of the most complex processes for undergraduate biomedical students to understand. Visual models have the potential to enhance learning environments by providing visual representations of complex mechanisms. Despite their benefits, the use of visual models in undergraduate classrooms is still limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00137.2019DOI Listing
September 2020

Vertical integration of head, neck, and special senses module in undergraduate medical curriculum.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):344-349

Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Vertical integration is believed to increase motivation by providing context for the learning. In this quasi-experimental study, cohort I took two horizontally integrated modules: structure and function of head, neck, and special senses in the second year, and pathophysiology and clinical sciences in the third year. Cohort II took a combined, vertically integrated module in the second year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00173.2019DOI Listing
September 2020

Letter to the Editor: Addressing test security issues pertaining to reuse of closed-book summative assessment items possibly compromised during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 09;44(3):362

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00096.2020DOI Listing
September 2020

Teaching cardiac excitation-contraction coupling using a mathematical computer simulation model of human ventricular myocytes.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):323-333

Department of Physiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

To understand the excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling of cardiomyocytes, including the electrophysiological mechanism of their characteristically long action potential duration, is one of the major learning goals in medical physiology. However, the integrative interpretation of the responses occurring during the contraction-relaxation cycle is challenging due to the dynamic interaction of underlying factors. Starting in 2017, we adopted the mathematical computer simulation model of human ventricular myocyte (Cardiac E-C_Sim), hypothesizing that this educational technology may facilitate students' learning of cardiac physiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00093.2019DOI Listing
September 2020

Avian gut experiments: an alternative approach for teaching the properties of intestinal smooth muscles.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):295-304

Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh (Uttarakhand), India.

Experiments on isolated mammalian gut are essential components of the physiology curriculum worldwide. Over the years, these routine experiments have been largely replaced by simulation modules, to reduce the euthanization of animals for understanding established facts and mechanisms in gut physiology. However, a medical undergraduate needs hands-on training to handle a living tissue to have a better understanding of physiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00195.2019DOI Listing
September 2020
1.237 Impact Factor

Knowledge gains in a professional development workshop on diversity, equity, inclusion, and implicit bias in academia.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):286-294

Center for Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana.

As literature indicates, historic racism and implicit bias throughout academia have been profound metrics leading to a lack of diversity, as related to people from underrepresented groups according to race and ethnicity, among biomedical sciences graduate students in U.S. universities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00164.2019DOI Listing
September 2020

Systematic review and meta-analysis as a structured platform for teaching principles of experimentation.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):276-285

Biological and Biomedical Science Education, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Access to knowledge has never been easier in the internet age, and so it is important that students develop skills to discriminate undependable information from reliably investigated research. We have created an exercise that teaches good research practice by exploring the history, ethics, and design of clinical trials. Students apply their understanding of these principles through an assessed systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00131.2019DOI Listing
September 2020

Student response to a cooperative learning element within a large physiology class setting: lessons learned.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):269-275

Centre for Cardio-metabolic Research in Africa, Department of Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Physiology students grapple with large amounts of subject content and hence memorize facts to pass examinations. In parallel, students display limited critical-thinking and creative skills, integration abilities, and/or a deeper engagement with subject content. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of introducing active learning methods (cooperative learning) in a relatively large class to final-year undergraduate physiology students (Bachelor of Science stream) at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00165.2019DOI Listing
September 2020

A primer on tissue pH and local anesthetic potency.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Sep;44(3):305-308

School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

The relationship between pH, p, and degree of local anesthetic ionization is quantified by the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. As presented in standard textbooks, the effect of pH on the degree of ionization of any particular local anesthetic is not immediately clear due to the -axis displaying pH - p, which requires conversion to pH, based on the p for each local anesthetic, a complex process. We present a graphical solution that clarifies the interrelationships between pH, p, and degree of ionization by plotting p on the -axis versus the percentage of unionized local anesthetic on the -axis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00018.2020DOI Listing
September 2020

Implementation of structured team-based review enhances knowledge consolidation and academic performance of undergraduate medical students studying neuroscience.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):232-238

College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Team-based learning (TBL) provides a systematic approach to teaching and learning and promotes critical thinking and enhances medical educational activities and professional development. TBL-based didactic methodology has proven beneficial in enhancing learning and consolidating key educational concepts throughout educational curricula. Such areas of application include neuroscience, which is traditionally considered to be one of the most difficult disciplines to be taught in undergraduate medical courses to the point where the scientific literature reports "neurophobia" among undergraduate medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00162.2019DOI Listing
June 2020
1.237 Impact Factor

Manipulating leukocyte populations to mimic immune disease states: a novel active approach to teaching flow cytometry to undergraduate immunology students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):247-253

University of South Australia, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Adelaide, Australia.

Flow cytometry detects and measures the physical and chemical characteristics of cells or particles. In medical laboratories, flow cytometers are used to quantify changes in cell populations associated with disease states, such as AIDS. While a powerful technique, it is challenging to teach the principles of flow cytometry to undergraduate students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00032.2020DOI Listing

Evolution in statistics: values, statistical significance, kayaks, and walking trees.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 06;44(2):221-224

Division of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00054.2020DOI Listing

A comparison of the effectiveness of dissection and prosection on short-term anatomic knowledge retention in a reciprocal peer-teaching program.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):239-246

Medical Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado.

Few discussions regarding instructional methods incite as much passion as the debate over dissection versus prosection. Despite numerous analyses, few studies have isolated the impact of dissection versus prosection from the numerous variables that are involved in anatomy education. This study used a retrospective design to assess the effect of peer teaching with dissection or prosection on anatomical knowledge retention of the peer teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00031.2020DOI Listing

Physiology Understanding Week in a public middle school in Southern Indiana: exercise and health.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):254-261

Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky.

The Physiology Understanding (PhUn) Week is a national outreach event sponsored by the American Physiological Society. Our PhUn team conducted an event for 551 students (12.5 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00198.2019DOI Listing

Using two-dimensional ultrasound imaging to examine venous pressure.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):262-267

Centre for Biomedical Sciences Education, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Science, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.

Ultrasound imaging is being used increasingly to aid in the teaching of human physiology and anatomy. Here we describe how its use can be integrated into the teaching of concepts surrounding venous circulation, specifically ) venous valves and the muscle pump, ) the effects of hydrostatic pressure on venous pressure, and ) central venous pressure. The imaging procedures described are relatively simple but add a dimension that helps deliver the teaching points clearly and is enjoyable for students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00103.2019DOI Listing

Cardiovascular and pulmonary interactions: why Galen's misconceptions proved clinically useful for 1,300 years.

Authors:
J Alberto Neder

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):225-231

Respiratory Investigation Unit, Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine, Kingston Health Science Center & Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

The new generations of physicians are, to a large extent, unaware of the complex philosophical and biological concepts that created the bases of modern medicine. Building on the Hellenistic tradition of the four humors and their qualities, Galen (AD 129 to c. 216) provided a persuasive scheme of the structure and function of the cardiorespiratory system, which lasted, without serious contest, for 1,300 yr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00058.2020DOI Listing

Letter to the Editor: Resources and recommendations for a quick transition to online instruction in physiology.

Authors:
Andrew M Petzold

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 06;44(2):217-219

Center for Learning Innovation, University of Minnesota, Rochester, Minnesota.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00049.2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191403PMC

Developing a science outreach program and promoting "PhUn" all year with rural K-12 students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):212-216

Department of Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan.

Demonstrating how science relates to human health is an important step for generating K-12 student interest in health-related careers. Science outreach is often performed in urban areas; however, ~20% of K-12 schools are in rural areas. Michigan Technological University is located in Michigan's upper peninsula, which accounts for 30% of the state's land mass but only 3% of the total population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00196.2019DOI Listing

CORRIGENDUM.

Authors:

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 06;44(2):220

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.zu1-3399-corr.2020DOI Listing

A peer evaluation training results in high-quality feedback, as measured over time in nutritional sciences graduate students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):203-209

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Peer evaluation skills are not typically taught to students, yet they are expected to provide high-quality feedback to their peers. Gameful learning, a pedagogy supporting student-driven learning, can further reinforce the development of peer evaluation skills, if students are motivated to improve upon them. To better understand the effects of a peer evaluation training on the quality of student-generated peer evaluations, we scored peer evaluations from two cohorts taking a graduate-level nutritional sciences class using gameful learning pedagogy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00114.2019DOI Listing

Approaches used for teaching anatomy and physiology in the university pre-professional program at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):188-191

Basic Sciences Department, College of Science and Health Professions, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Many medical schools offer pre-professional programs to undergraduate students. The main purpose of the university pre-professional program (UPPP) is to equip students with the necessary knowledge and skills required to successfully cope with the academic demands of further education provided by professional colleges. The aim of this commentary article is to describe the role of UPPP at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) in preparing students to continue studies at the College of Medicine (COM) and other health-related colleges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00167.2019DOI Listing

The Old West analogy for acid-base buffering.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):210-211

Department of Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00033.2020DOI Listing

Development of low-cost cardiac and skeletal muscle laboratory activities to teach physiology concepts and the scientific method.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):181-187

Wayne County Community College District, Detroit, Michigan.

Anatomy and Physiology courses taught at community colleges tend to focus laboratory hours primarily on anatomy as opposed to physiology. However, research demonstrates that, when instructors utilize active learning approaches (such as in laboratory settings) where students participate in their own learning, students have improved outcomes, such as higher test scores and better retention of material. To provide community college students with opportunities for active learning in physiology, we developed two laboratory exercises to engage students in cardiac and skeletal muscle physiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00149.2019DOI Listing

Inquiry in oral communication: adapting oral examinations for teaching introductory physiology students to evaluate scientific research studies.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):192-202

Office of Undergraduate Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

Generating an increasingly skilled and numerous workforces of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professionals is a national priority. Central to this goal is improving the ability of STEM graduates to apply scientific inquiry within oral communication, a necessary skill for STEM professionals. In this case study of an introductory biology course, we observed that providing explanatory feedback to students responding to inquiry-based questions in an oral examination suggests improvements in students' abilities to critically analyze results, draw conclusions, and discuss the broader implications of data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00087.2019DOI Listing

Diagram comprehension ability of college students in an introductory biology course.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):169-180

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

College biology courses commonly use diagrams to convey information. These visual representations are embedded in course materials with the expectation that students can comprehend and learn from them. Educational research, however, suggests that many students have difficulty understanding diagrams and the conventions (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00146.2018DOI Listing

A plumber's guide to the cardiovascular system.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):163-168

Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology and Michael E. DeBakey Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Blood flow through the cardiovascular system is governed by the same physical rules that govern the flow of water through domestic plumbing. Using this analogy in a teaching laboratory, a model of the cardiovascular system constructed of pumps and pipes was used to demonstrate the basic interactions of pressure, flow, and resistance in a regulated system, with student volunteers providing the operational actions and regulatory components. The model was used to validate predictions and explore solutions prompted by student discussion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00104.2019DOI Listing

Integrating synapse, muscle contraction, and autonomic nervous system game: effect on learning and evaluation of students' opinions.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):153-162

Department of Biosciences, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

This work describes the educational game "Integrating Synapse, Muscle Contraction, and Autonomic Nervous System," which was developed to assist students in understanding and integrating concepts related to the physiology of synapses, muscle contraction, and the autonomic nervous system. Analysis was made of the effect of the game on learning and the students' opinions about it. Dentistry students were divided into control and game groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00169.2019DOI Listing

The use of the "Endocrine Circuit" as an active learning methodology to aid in the understanding of the human endocrine system.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):124-130

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Obesity and Comorbidities Research Center, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

The search for more efficient teaching methodologies is a great challenge for Brazilian educators, since most classes are still traditional (theoretical) and have little student involvement during the learning process. Active learning methodologies, where students play a central role in the learning process, are proving to be more effective and interesting when it comes to acquiring knowledge. Thus we decided to develop an innovative technique for teaching Human Endocrine Physiology, called "Endocrine Circuit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00123.2019DOI Listing

Teaching an intuitive derivation of the clinical alveolar equations: mass balance as a fundamental physiological principle.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):145-152

Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00064.2019DOI Listing

The refinement of flipped teaching implementation to include retrieval practice.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):131-137

Primary Care and Health Systems, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, Illinois.

There has been growing evidence that flipped teaching (FT) can increase student engagement. Traditional lecture-based teaching (TT) method was compared with FT and FT combined with retrieval practice (FTR) in a 400-level Exercise Physiology course over eight semesters. In the FT format, lecture content was assigned for students to prepare before class along with an online quiz. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00143.2019DOI Listing

Integrating the basic sciences in medical curricula: focus on the basic scientists.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):119-123

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Basic science educators are not trained as clinicians, yet are expected to adjust their content to mesh appropriately with its clinical application. While achievable, this is a challenge that requires intentional effort on the part of the basic science educators. A practical solution to facilitate curricular integration is to create experiential opportunities for basic scientists to observe the clinical application of their content and to pair these initiatives with training in effective medical education practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00172.2019DOI Listing

Predicting success in an undergraduate exercise science program using science-based admission courses.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Jun;44(2):138-144

Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, Georgia.

Student success is an important focus within higher education as it relates to retention, progression, and graduation rates. Limited research exists examining the predictors of success within an undergraduate Exercise Science program. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the viability of an admission policy implemented within an undergraduate Exercise Science program as a method of predicting student success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00130.2019DOI Listing

Student perceptions of "doing" hematology physiology practicals.

Authors:
Savitha D Taniya A

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):65-71

Department of Physiology, St. Johns Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Although hands-on experience in hematology practical work has been an integral part of physiology education, the students' perception on the importance of the same has remained largely unexplored. The objective of this study was to explore students' perception on the importance of "doing" hematology experiments. The first-year medical students of the 2017-18 batch filled out a semistructured questionnaire at the end of the course of hematology practicals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00147.2019DOI Listing

Challenging endocrinology students with a critical-thinking workbook.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):72-79

Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois.

A central goal of science education is to help students develop higher order thinking skills to enable them to face the challenges of life. Accordingly, science instructors are now urged to craft their classrooms such that they serve as not only spaces for disseminating information, but also an arena through which students are encouraged to think scientifically and develop critical-thinking skills. This project aimed to develop a workbook that helps postsecondary students learn endocrinology and engages them in critical thinking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00101.2019DOI Listing

The impact of flipped classroom andragogy on student assessment performance and perception of learning experience in two advanced physiology subjects.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):80-92

Department of Health and Medical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia.

Flipped classroom teaching has been used by many educators to promote active learning in higher education. This andragogy is thought to increase student engagement by making them more accountable for their learning and increase time on task in the classroom. While there are several systematic reviews that point to improved student results, it remains unclear if flipped classrooms have positive learning effects in physiology education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00125.2019DOI Listing

Is memorization the name of the game? Undergraduates' perceptions of the usefulness of physiology songs.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):104-112

Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California.

The possible benefits of using music to enhance learning of STEM content are numerous, diverse, and largely unproven. We sought to determine which (if any) of these possible benefits are commonly experienced by undergraduate students and are thus especially worthy of further investigation. Four hundred ninety-three students in nine physiology courses at two midsized American universities rated the usefulness of short instructor-penned mathematical physiology songs and explained in their own words why each song would or would not be a useful study aid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00112.2019DOI Listing

Connecting anatomy and physiology concepts in an interdisciplinary high-fidelity patient simulation with undergraduate nursing and allied health students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):113-118

Division of Nursing, Aultman College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Canton, Ohio.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00212.2018DOI Listing

Undergraduate biological sciences and biotechnology students' reflective essays focus on descriptive details of experiential learning experiences.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):99-103

Department of Biology, Beloit College, Beloit, Wisconsin.

Experiential learning experiences (ELEs), opportunities for students to apply knowledge and skills critically in a hands-on environment, are fundamental to the apprenticeship model of biological and biotechnological sciences. ELEs enhance student-learning gains, increase career readiness, and provide important networking opportunities. However, students do not often recognize the benefits of ELEs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00144.2019DOI Listing

Determinants of self-regulated learning skills: the roles of tutors and students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):93-98

Department of Medical Education and Informatics, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional method that offers students the opportunity to develop self-regulatory strategies as an explicit learning outcome. As a multifaceted PBL environment, the guidance of tutors is important to students as they develop self-regulatory learning (SRL) skills and self-efficacy, the most focused motivational element in SRL. The present study examines the relationship between academic achievement and PBL self-efficacy levels, as well as the role played by tutors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00121.2019DOI Listing

How about including free-standing, open-ended questions for readiness assessment and application activities in team-based learning, in addition to MCQs?

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):62-64

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia.

In conventional team-based learning (TBL), readiness assurance test (RAT) items must be formatted as free-standing multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Even in the application phase of TBL, all teams must work on the same, significant problem and be required to make a specific choice and simultaneously report them to the whole class, which the MCQ format with predetermined answer choices allows. However, the founders of the TBL method rightly emphasize that the intended learning outcomes of a course using TBL underlie the design of the various components of TBL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00168.2019DOI Listing

: My Journal and Yours Too?

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 03;44(1):60-61

Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00138.2019DOI Listing

Synaptic board: an educational game to help the synaptic physiology teaching-learning process.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):50-59

Physiology Research Group, Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00083.2019DOI Listing

Undergraduate teaching assistants can provide support for reformed practices to raise student learning.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):32-38

Lyman Briggs College, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Graduate students who serve as teaching assistants are a critical part of STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) education and research at large universities in the U.S. Yet just like faculty, graduate students are not immune to the publish or perish paradigm, which can compete with one's dedication to teaching. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00090.2019DOI Listing

An anatomy workshop for improving anatomy self-efficacy and competency when transitioning into a problem-based learning, Doctor of Physical Therapy program.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):39-49

School of Physical Therapy, The University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, Texas.

First-year Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students entering a problem-based learning (PBL) program are faced with a number of pedagogical challenges, including the development of self-directed learning skills, resource unfamiliarity, and group dynamics. These challenges can make learning anatomy in a self-directed manner less efficient. Prematriculation introduction of strategies to improve anatomy learning may help prepare students for a rigorous DPT program and improve anatomy learning efficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00048.2019DOI Listing

A simple hand mnemonic for teaching the cardiac cycle.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):21-25

School of Basic Medical Science, Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan, People's Republic of China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00059.2019DOI Listing
March 2020
1.237 Impact Factor

Using lectures to identify student misconceptions: a study on the paradoxical effects of hyperkalemia on vascular smooth muscle.

Adv Physiol Educ 2020 Mar;44(1):15-20

Department of Neuroscience, Physiology and Behavioral Sciences, St. George's University School of Medicine, St. George's, Grenada.

Medical students have difficulty understanding the mechanisms underlying hyperkalemia-mediated local control of blood flow. Such control mechanisms are crucial in the brain, kidney, and skeletal muscle vasculature. We aimed to identify medical students' misconceptions via assessment of students' in-class knowledge and, subsequently, improve future teaching of this concept. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00030.2019DOI Listing