105 results match your criteria Advances in medicine[Journal]


Pain Management and Its Possible Implementation Research in North Ethiopia: A before and after Study.

Adv Med 2020 2;2020:5317352. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

McGill University, Desautels Faculty of Management, Montreal, Canada.

Background: Though there is an effective intervention, pain after surgical intervention is undermanaged worldwide. A systematic implementation is required to increase the utilization of available evidence-based intervention to manage the inevitable pain after surgery. The aim of this research project is to develop a scalable model for managing pain after cesarean section by implementing the World Health Organization's (WHO) pain management guidelines through a combination of implementation research and quality improvement methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5317352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288047PMC

Effectiveness in Bowel Cleansing and Patient Tolerability of Polyethylene Glycol versus Sodium Picosulphate in Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy.

Adv Med 2020 30;2020:1234341. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Internal Medicine, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal.

Introduction: Colonoscopy is considered as a gold standard investigation for screening of colorectal cancer and other lower gastrointestinal pathologies. Adequate bowel preparation is absolutely necessary for a fruitful colonoscopy. Various bowel cleansing agents are being used for his purpose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1234341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277063PMC

Association between Hypertension, Antihypertensive Drugs, and Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Syrian Women: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Med 2020 19;2020:7014212. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Internal Medicine Department-Endocrinology, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.

Background: Osteoporosis and hypertension are frequent and often coexisting diseases among the elderly. Recent studies suggested that both diseases may share the same etiopathology. Moreover, the treatment of hypertension can affect the bone mineral density and worsen osteoporosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7014212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7049845PMC
February 2020

The Role of Gut Microbiome Perturbation in Fatigue Induced by Repeated Stress from Chemoradiotherapy: A Proof of Concept Study.

Adv Med 2020 7;2020:6375876. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Intramural Program, National Institute of Nursing Research/National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objectives: The objectives of this proof of concept study were to (a) examine the temporal changes in fatigue and diversity of the gut microbiome over the course of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in adults with rectal cancers; (b) investigate whether there are differences in diversity of the gut microbiome between fatigued and nonfatigued participants at the middle and at the end of CRT; and (c) investigate whether there are differences in the relative abundance of fecal microbiota at the phylum and genus levels between fatigued and nonfatigued participants at the middle and at the end of CRT.

Methods: Stool samples and symptom ratings were collected prior to the inception of CRT, at the middle (after 12-16 treatments) and at the end (after 24-28 treatments) of the CRT. Descriptive statistics and Mann-Whitney test were computed for fatigue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6375876DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7029262PMC
February 2020

Hospital Spiritual Care Can Complement Graduate Medical Trainee Well-Being.

Adv Med 2019 10;2019:8749351. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

West Virginia University School of Medicine, Department of Medical Education, P.O. Box 9111, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

Background: Burnout and depression among physician trainees is increasing at an alarming rate. Promoting well-being is of utmost importance for graduate medical education. The primary objective was to determine if spiritual care staff/chaplaincy can assist in building emotional well-being and resiliency within medical residency education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8749351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6925940PMC
December 2019

A Monocentric Retrospective Study about the Correlation between Histology and Cytology of Thyroid Indeterminate Nodules Classified as TIR 3A and TIR 3B, according to 2014 Italian Consensus for Classification and Reporting of Thyroid Cytology.

Adv Med 2019 8;2019:3932721. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Unit, ASL Città di Torino, Turin, Italy.

Background: In 2014, the Italian Consensus for Classification and Reporting of Thyroid Cytology (ICCRTC) reviewed the previous cytological classification proposed in 2007 including the subdivision of TIR 3 category into low risk (TIR 3A) and high risk (TIR 3B). In Italian literature, different rates of malignancy have been correlated to these subcategories.

Objectives: The aim of the study is to present our experience on this subclassification for the assessment of the malignancy risk of indeterminate thyroid nodules. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3932721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6800968PMC
October 2019

Correcting Hypokalemia in Hospitalized Patients Does Not Decrease Risk of Cardiac Arrhythmias.

Adv Med 2019 24;2019:4919707. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Graduate Medical Education, Sky Ridge Medical Center, Lone Tree, Colorado, USA.

Background: It is currently standard practice to correct hypokalemia for the purpose of preventing cardiac arrhythmias in all hospitalized patients. However, the efficacy of this intervention has never been previously studied.

Objective: The objective of our study was to evaluate whether patients without acute coronary syndrome or history of arrhythmias were at increased risk of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias if their potassium level was not corrected to ≥3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4919707DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6778909PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Birth Outcomes among Diabetic Mothers Who Delivered in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Adv Med 2019 7;2019:6942617. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Diabetes develops in 4% of all the pregnancies worldwide, and its prevalence ranges from 1 to 14%, and 7% are complicated and results in prenatal morbidity and mortality. The disease affects women and their babies during pregnancy, labor, and delivery. However, little is known about its prevalence, birth outcomes, and associated factors in the study setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6942617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6702824PMC

Nocturnal Glycemic Control with New Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL.

Authors:
Neng Chun Yu

Adv Med 2019 26;2019:8587265. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

Neng-Chun Diabetes Clinic, No. 491, Guangrong Rd., Luodong Township, Yilan County 265, Yilan, Taiwan.

Insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) is a new generation basal insulin product that has been demonstrated to have more stable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics than insulin glargine 100 U/mL (Gla-100). To evaluate the real-world benefits of Gla-300 in reducing nocturnal fluctuations in blood glucose levels and nocturnal hypoglycemia, 10 Taiwanese patients using Gla-100 for insulin therapy were switched to Gla-300 and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) was applied at nighttime to monitor changes to nocturnal glycemic variability parameters. Glycemic variability parameters measured to assess between- and within-night glycemic variability included mean 6-hour nocturnal (00:00-6:00 AM) glucose levels, standard deviation (SD), and coefficient of variance (CV) of mean nocturnal glucose levels and mean glucose excursion (MAGE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8587265DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6617920PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Normal 3T MR Anatomy of the Prostate Gland and Surrounding Structures.

Adv Med 2019 28;2019:3040859. Epub 2019 May 28.

MD PhD, Dpt. of Radiology, Medical Center of Postgraduate Education, CSK MSWiA, Woloska 137, 02-507 Warsaw, Poland.

Development on new fast MRI scanners resulted in rising number of prostate examinations. High-spatial resolution of MRI examinations performed on 3T scanners allows recognition of very fine anatomical structures previously not demarcated on performed scans. We present current status of MR imaging in the context of recognition of most important anatomical structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3040859DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6558623PMC

Serum Vitamin D Level in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Association with Sun Exposure: Experience from a Tertiary Care, Teaching Hospital in India.

Adv Med 2019 3;2019:6823417. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, has various extraskeletal effects, and several human and animal studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency may be a contributory factor in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, such studies in the Indian subcontinent are either lacking or have shown conflicting results.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving 121 patients with CAD from a tertiary care center and their 80 age-matched healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6823417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378067PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Food Handlers at Prison, East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

Adv Med 2019 6;2019:2101089. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Debre Markos University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Introduction: One of the top ten major public health problems in developing countries including Ethiopia is the intestinal parasitic infection. Most of the time, intestinal parasitic infections do not show clinical signs and symptoms and also have a number of potential carriers, such as food handlers, which makes it too difficult to eradicate and control.

Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of intestinal parasitic infection among food handlers at prison, East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2101089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339768PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Age-Dependent Protein Expression of Serine/Threonine Phosphatases and Their Inhibitors in the Human Cardiac Atrium.

Adv Med 2019 2;2019:2675972. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Medizinische Fakultät, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 06112 Halle (Saale), Germany.

Heart failure and aging of the heart show many similarities regarding hemodynamic and biochemical parameters. There is evidence that heart failure in experimental animals and humans is accompanied and possibly exacerbated by increased activity of protein phosphatase (PP) 1 and/or 2A. Here, we wanted to study the age-dependent protein expression of major members of the protein phosphatase family in human hearts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2675972DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334353PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Pyloric Gland Adenoma of Gallbladder: A Review of Diagnosis and Management.

Adv Med 2018 19;2018:7539694. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Professor of Pathology, Director of Gastrointestinal Pathology Service, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1611 NW 12 Ave Holtz Bldg. Room 2042, Miami, FL, USA.

Neoplastic polypoid mucosal lesions of the gallbladder are increasingly being reported in cholecystectomy specimens. However, due to the absence of unified terminology and reporting criteria, the body of scientific evidence on their classification, prognosis, and management is scarce and sometimes controversial. While they have different histomorphologic features (gastric foveolar, gastric pyloric gland, biliary, and intestinal), a significant immunohistochemical overlap exists which highlights their mixed cell lineage with a dominant cell type in each, establishing the subcategory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7539694DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6313964PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Bacterial Nosocomial Infections and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern among Patients Admitted at Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Eastern Ethiopia.

Adv Med 2018 4;2018:2127814. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O.B: 235, Harar, Ethiopia.

Nosocomial infections remain a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Despite the highly specialized interventions and policies, the rate of infection is still high due to the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria. This study described the prevalence of bacterial nosocomial infections and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates among patients admitted at Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/amed/2018/2127814/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2127814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305041PMC
December 2018
23 Reads

An Outbreak of in a Moroccan Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Adv Med 2018 1;2018:4867134. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mother-Child Center, Mohammed VI University Medical Hospital of Marrakesh, Morocco.

() is an microorganism that is widespread in the environment, which may be the source of nosocomial infections, rare in the newborn but severe, and often in the form of outbreaks. The aim of our study is to report our experience, during an outbreak of , to show the severity of this germ, with review of the literature. Our study was retrospective, including 8 newborns with nosocomial infection, collected in the neonatal intensive care unit of Mohammed VI University Medical Hospital, during the epidemic period, over a period of 2 months (July and August 2016). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/amed/2018/4867134/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4867134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237015PMC
November 2018
38 Reads

The Prevalence of Abdominal Obesity and Its Correlates among the Adults in Dodoma Region, Tanzania: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Adv Med 2018 17;2018:6123156. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Statistics, University of Dodoma, P.O. Box 338, Dodoma, Tanzania.

Introduction: Overweight and obesity are a threat to the public health following their association with noncommunicable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers. Despite this fact, the information on overweight and obesity, particularly in most developing countries, is still scarce to address the problem. This article partly addresses the gap through the findings of a cross-sectional survey that was conducted in Dodoma Region, Central Tanzania, to determine the prevalence and correlates of abdominal obesity among adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6123156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207880PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD): A Series of 7 Cases, Experience of the University Hospital Center Mohammed VI, Oujda, Morocco.

Adv Med 2018 2;2018:1964394. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mohammed First, Oujda, Morocco.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a less known pathology by the cardiologists and represents a real challenge especially to the interventional cardiologist. The positive diagnosis is based on the visualization of intimal flap with the false lumen by intracoronary imaging means. This entity particularly interests young people without classic cardiovascular risk factors of atherosclerosis and female during the peripartum period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1964394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189686PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Gastrointestinal and Urinary Tract Endometriosis: A Review on the Commonest Locations of Extrapelvic Endometriosis.

Adv Med 2018 26;2018:3461209. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Larissa, Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.

Extrapelvic endometriosis is a rare entity that presents serious challenges to researchers and clinicians. Endometriotic lesions have been reported in every part of the female human body and in some instances in males. Organs that are close to the uterus are more often affected than distant locations. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/amed/2018/3461209/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3461209DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180923PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Effectiveness of Systematic Periodontal Treatment in Male HIV-Infected Patients after 9 Years: A Case Series.

Adv Med 2018 13;2018:4135607. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Operative and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Health, School of Dentistry, Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany.

Objective: To investigate effectiveness of systematic periodontal treatment in the long term in HIV-infected patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral treatment.

Methods: Longitudinal, prospective, open-label case series over a period of nine years. Periodontal treatment was performed by scaling and root planing and supportive periodontal care (SPC) at regular intervals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4135607DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109988PMC
August 2018
7 Reads

Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator to Treat Deep Infrabony Defects: A New Flapless Minimally Invasive Approach.

Adv Med 2018 29;2018:3612359. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Private Practice, Via Verdi 4, Settimo Milanese, 20019 Milan, Italy.

The primary outcome of the present study was to assess the percentage of pocket closure, and the secondary aim was to evaluate the clinical performance in terms of clinical attachment level (CAL) gain, probing pocket depth (PPD) reduction, and gingival recession (REC) after the use of cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) in deep infrabony defects. Fourteen deep infrabony defects in 11 patients who were previously treated with active periodontal therapy followed by one year of supportive periodontal therapy (at least three sessions) were additionally treated by the aid of CUSA. Eighty-six percent of the initial defects (12 out of 14) resulted in a PD < 5 mm, showing complete resolution six months after CUSA treatment, without any adverse event and with negligible pain (VAS from 0 to 3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3612359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091290PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Relation between Level of Serum Transferrin and Postoperative Wound Drainage in Closed Long Bone Fractures.

Adv Med 2018 11;2018:8612828. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Orthopaedics, Osmania General Hospital, Hyderabad 500012, India.

Objective: To report association between the serum transferrin level and postoperative wound drainage in closed long bone fractures.

Summary Of Background Data: There is an old association between the serum transferrin level and wound drainage leading to peri-implant infection. There is no literature available on the ideal treatment for wound drainage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8612828DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079574PMC
July 2018
5 Reads

Mortality in a Cohort of HIV-Infected Children: A 12-Month Outcome of Antiretroviral Therapy in Makurdi, Nigeria.

Adv Med 2018 19;2018:6409134. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Community Medicine, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.

Introduction: Recognizing the predictors of mortality among HIV-infected children will allow for concerted management that can reduce HIV-mortality in Nigeria.

Methodology: A retrospective cohort study in children aged 0-15 years, between October 2010 and December 2013, at the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Nigeria. Kaplan-Meier method analysed the cumulative probability of early mortality (EM) occurring at or before 6 months and after 6 months of follow-up (late mortality-LM) on a 12-month antiretroviral therapy (ART). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6409134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029505PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Basal Insulin Dose in Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus on Insulin Pumps in Real-Life Clinical Practice: A Single-Center Experience.

Adv Med 2018 5;2018:1473160. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Metabolic Diseases, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: Basal insulin (BI) infusion in pump therapy of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) mimics physiological secretion during the night and between meals. The recommended percentage of the total BI to daily insulin dose (termed the %BI) ranges between 30 and 50%. We analyzed whether this recommendation was followed in adults with T1DM from a university center, and whether BI doses were linked with glycemic control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1473160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008663PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Assessment of Antibiotic Utilization Pattern in Treatment of Acute Diarrhoea Diseases in Bishoftu General Hospital, Oromia Ethiopia.

Adv Med 2018 2;2018:2376825. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, P.O. Box 21, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Background: Majority of acute diarrhoeal diseases are self-limiting and do not require routine treatment. Treatment with empirical antimicrobials is recommended only for dysenteric and invasive bacterial diarrhoea. Irrational use of antibiotics in treatment of acute diarrhoea is common in clinical practice worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2376825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5954943PMC
May 2018
6 Reads

Radiation Effects of Mobile Phones and Tablets on the Skin: A Systematic Review.

Adv Med 2018 12;2018:9242718. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Khorasan Razavi, Iran.

Background: Skin health has become a worldwide concern. Most of the studies investigated the effect of mobile phone radiation on DNA and animals, but a few studies were carried out about skin diseases in mobile phone and tablet users. Few systematic studies have examined the relationship between mobile phone exposure and skin diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9242718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5925203PMC
April 2018
21 Reads

The Role of Private Health Sector for Tuberculosis Control in Debre Markos Town, Northwest Ethiopia.

Adv Med 2018 28;2018:8697470. Epub 2018 Jan 28.

School of Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Tuberculosis has been declared to be a global epidemic. Despite all the effort, only less than half the annual estimated cases are reported by health authorities to the WHO. This could be due to poor reporting from the private sector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8697470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5896415PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Evaluating the Difference between Virtual and Paper-Based Clinical Cases in Family Medicine Undergraduate Education.

Adv Med 2018 15;2018:1408450. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Maribor, Taborska 8, Sl-2000 Maribor, Slovenia.

Introduction: A "virtual patient" is defined as a computer program which simulates real patients' cases. The aim of this study was to determine whether the inclusion of virtual patients affects the level of factual knowledge of family medicine students at the undergraduate level.

Methods: This was a case-controlled prospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1408450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5820662PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Corrigendum to "Topical Colchicine Gel versus Diclofenac Sodium Gel for the Treatment of Actinic Keratoses: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study".

Adv Med 2017;2017:7192180. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Dermatology Department, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/5918393.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7192180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5763074PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

The Impact of Saffron on Symptoms of Withdrawal Syndrome in Patients Undergoing Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Addiction in Sabzevar Parish in 2017.

Adv Med 2017 21;2017:1079132. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Abaresh, Iran.

Background And Objective: Drug dependence is one of the serious problems around the world. Saffron is one of those beneficial medicinal plants which is embedded with a similar mechanism to methadone (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1079132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5735591PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Confidence in Procedural Skills before and after a Two-Year Master's Programme in Family Medicine in Gezira State, Sudan.

Adv Med 2017 28;2017:6267015. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

Many postgraduate family medicine training programmes have been developed to meet the worldwide dire need for practicing family physicians. This study was conducted in Gezira state of Sudan in a "before-and-after" design in the period of 2010-2012 with the aim to assess improvements in candidates' confidence in performing certain clinical skills. A self-evaluation questionnaire was used with a five-grade scale (1-5) to assess candidates' confidence in performing 46 clinical skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6267015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5727659PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

A Systems Medicine Approach: Translating Emerging Science into Individualized Wellness.

Adv Med 2017 15;2017:1718957. Epub 2017 Oct 15.

Metagenics, Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA, USA.

In today's aging society, more people are living with lifestyle-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Numerous opinion-leader organizations recommend lifestyle medicine as the first-line approach in NCD prevention and treatment. However, there is a strong need for a personalized approach as "one-size-fits-all" public health recommendations have been insufficient in addressing the interindividual differences in the diverse populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1718957DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661085PMC
October 2017
7 Reads

Methylene Blue Effectiveness as Local Analgesic after Anorectal Surgery: A Literature Review.

Adv Med 2017 15;2017:3968278. Epub 2017 Aug 15.

Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Methylene blue (MB) has been found to have unique analgesic property through temporary disruption of sensory nerve conduction. In anorectal surgery, MB is widely used as a biologic stain but the analgesic effect has never been studied. Thus, a literature review completed with critical appraisal is required to find out its efficacy. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/amed/2017/3968278/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/3968278DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5574222PMC
August 2017
13 Reads

Reducing 30-Day Rehospitalization Rates Using a Transition of Care Clinic Model in a Single Medical Center.

Adv Med 2017 2;2017:5132536. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Southern Illinois University, Springfield, IL 62704, USA.

Background: Rehospitalization for medical patients is common. Multiple interventions of varying complexity have been shown to be effective in achieving that goal with variable results in the literature. For medical patients discharged home, no single intervention implemented alone has been shown to have a sustainable effect in preventing rehospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5132536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5558630PMC
August 2017
4 Reads

Cigarette Smoking and Its Hazards in Kidney Transplantation.

Adv Med 2017 27;2017:6213814. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Northwest General Hospital & Research Centre, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 2500, Pakistan.

Cigarette smoking affects many organs. It causes vasoconstriction through activation of sympathetic nervous system which leads to elevation of blood pressure and reduction in glomerular filtration rate and filtration pressure. It also causes thickening of renal arterioles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6213814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5551477PMC
July 2017
9 Reads
1 Citation

The Relation of Diabetes Type 2 with Sexual Function among Reproductive Age Women in Iran, a Case-Control Study.

Adv Med 2017 6;2017:4838923. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Endocrinology Department, Diabetes Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Diabetic patients are at the greater risk of retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and sexual dysfunction compared to the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sexual dysfunction in type 2 diabetes reproductive age women in Iran. This was a case-control study carried out on 130 women with type 2 diabetes and 130 healthy women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4838923DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5397623PMC
April 2017
3 Reads

Knowledge and Attitude toward Epilepsy of Close Family Members of People with Epilepsy in North of Iran.

Adv Med 2016 26;2016:8672853. Epub 2016 Dec 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Knowledge and attitudes are required for relatives of people with epilepsy to allow them to better understand and cope with this condition. This study evaluated the knowledge and attitudes of family members of people with epilepsy about the disease. This cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire completed by close family members of people with epilepsy at the outpatient clinic of a medical university. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8672853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5220387PMC
December 2016
4 Reads

Efficacy of Synbiotics for Treatment of Bacillary Dysentery in Children: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study.

Adv Med 2016 30;2016:3194010. Epub 2016 Nov 30.

Infectious Diseases Research Centre (IDRC), Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Bacillary dysentery is a major cause of children's admission to hospitals. To assess the probiotic and prebiotic (synbiotics) effects in children with dysentery in a randomized clinical trial, 200 children with dysentery were studied in 2 groups: the synbiotic group received 1 tablet/day of synbiotic for 3-5 days and the placebo group received placebo tablets (identical tablet form like probiotics). The standard treatment was administered for all patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3194010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5155077PMC
November 2016
13 Reads

The Biological Metallic versus Metallic Solution in Treating Periprosthetic Femoral Fractures: Outcome Assessment.

Adv Med 2016 20;2016:2918735. Epub 2016 Nov 20.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Neuroscience, Section of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of Siena, University Hospital "Santa Maria alle Scotte", Siena, Italy.

. The periprosthetic fracture of the femur is, in order of frequency, the fourth leading cause (5.9%) of surgical revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2918735DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5136380PMC
November 2016
3 Reads

Comparison of Clinical and Radiologic Outcome of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated with Hybrid Hook-Screw Instrumentation versus Universal Clamp System.

Adv Med 2016 30;2016:7639727. Epub 2016 Oct 30.

Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

In surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), hybrid universal clamp system has been used by some authors. We aimed to compare the clinical and radiologic outcome of hybrid universal clamp with hybrid thoracic hook lumbar screw. A prospective study was performed on 56 consecutive patients with AIS, who had alternatively undergone a posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation with hybrid thoracic hook lumbar screw system (28 patients: group A) and hybrid universal clamp system (28 patients: group B) between June 2006 and January 2014 at Imam Reza University Hospital and had been followed up for more than two years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7639727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5107211PMC
October 2016
36 Reads

Morphology of Anterolateral Ligament of the Knee: A Cadaveric Observation with Clinical Insight.

Adv Med 2016 25;2016:9182863. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar.

. The morphology and function of anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee are not clearly understood even today with all the sophisticated techniques available. There have been differing descriptions of the ALL of the knee in literature, and not all of them have been named or described clearly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9182863DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5099490PMC
October 2016
6 Reads

External Validation of the Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment Postsurgical Score for Prediction of Disease Recurrence after Radical Prostatectomy.

Adv Med 2016 19;2016:8639041. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

Department of Urology, Ankara Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

. The cancer of the prostate risk assessment (CAPRA-S) postsurgical score predicts recurrence, metastasis, and cancer-specific survival after radical prostatectomy (RP). We evaluated the relation between CAPRA-S score and biochemical recurrence (BCR) in prostate cancer after RP in our clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8639041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5090071PMC
October 2016
7 Reads

Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Spatial Memory and Synaptic Plasticity Impairment Is Preventable by Captopril.

Adv Med 2016 18;2016:7676512. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

Neurocognitive Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Renin-angiotensin system has a role in inflammation and also is involved in many brain functions such as learning, memory, and emotion. Neuroimmune factors have been proposed as the contributors to the pathogenesis of memory impairments. In the present study, the effect of captopril on spatial memory and synaptic plasticity impairments induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7676512DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5088279PMC
October 2016
27 Reads

Changes of Nitric Oxide and Peroxynitrite Serum Levels during Drug Therapy in Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Adv Med 2016 16;2016:9131680. Epub 2016 Oct 16.

School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

. Some studies have shown that increased nitric oxide (NO) concentrations may be associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In a few animal researches, enhanced synthesis of NO had reversed the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9131680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5086350PMC
October 2016
5 Reads

Dietary Energy Density, Renal Function, and Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease.

Adv Med 2016 13;2016:2675345. Epub 2016 Oct 13.

Food Security Research Center and Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

. There is evidence of the association between dietary energy density and chronic diseases. However, no report exists regarding the relation between DED and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2675345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5081924PMC
October 2016
38 Reads

Nonrecurrent Laryngeal Nerve in the Era of Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring.

Adv Med 2016 13;2016:1606029. Epub 2016 Oct 13.

Department of Surgery, Haydarpasa Numune Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve (non-RLN) is an anatomical variation increasing the risk of vocal cord palsy. Prediction and early identification of non-RLN may minimize such a risk of injury. This study assessed the effect of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) on the detection of non-RLN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1606029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5081457PMC
October 2016
9 Reads

Prevalence and Correlates of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Nigerians with Type 2 Diabetes.

Adv Med 2016 5;2016:3529419. Epub 2016 Oct 5.

Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Nigeria.

. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a major risk factor for nonhealing foot ulcers in people with diabetes. A number of traditional risk factors have been reported to be associated with PAD; however, there may be a need to consider nontraditional risk factors especially in some vulnerable populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3529419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5069359PMC
October 2016
3 Reads

A Study to Analyze Different Patterns of Quid Usage among Subjects with Oral Submucous Fibrosis in Mangalore Population.

Adv Med 2016 29;2016:6124059. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

A J Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, India.

. Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a potentially malignant disorder associated with the usage of areca nut. Usage of processed forms of areca nut is popular among the youth and its carcinogenic effects are not well known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6124059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5061949PMC
September 2016
5 Reads

Reactive Oxygen Species: A Key Hallmark of Cardiovascular Disease.

Adv Med 2016 28;2016:9152732. Epub 2016 Sep 28.

Department of Pharmacy, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Dhungepatan, Kaski 33701, Nepal.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been the prime cause of mortality worldwide for decades. However, the underlying mechanism of their pathogenesis is not fully clear yet. It has been already established that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a vital role in the progression of CVDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9152732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5059509PMC
September 2016
11 Reads

The Protocol of Choice for Treatment of Snake Bite.

Adv Med 2016 21;2016:7579069. Epub 2016 Sep 21.

Toxicological Research Center, Department of Clinical Toxicology, Loghman-Hakim Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

The aim of the current study is to compare three different methods of treatment of snake bite to determine the most efficient one. To unify the protocol of snake bite treatment in our center, we retrospectively reviewed files of the snake-bitten patients who had been referred to us between 2010 and 2014. They were contacted for follow-up using phone calls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7579069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5050319PMC
September 2016
20 Reads