1,013 results match your criteria Advances in Neonatal Care[Journal]


Effects of Underrunning Water Bathing and Immersion Tub Bathing on Vital Signs of Newborn Infants: A Comparative Analysis.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):E3-E12

Pediatric Nursing Department, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University, Şişli, Turkey.

Background: Newborn infants are susceptible to hypothermia during bathing due to environmental conditions.

Purpose: This study examined the effects of 2 common newborn bathing methods used in Turkey, underrunning water bathing (URWB) and immersion tub bathing (ITB), on infant heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation, and body temperature.

Methods: In this randomized controlled study, 44 newborns were allocated to the ITB group and 36 newborns to the URWB group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000484DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Nurses Providing End-of-Life Care for Infants and Their Families in the NICU: A Review of the Literature.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):471-479

School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of South Australia, Adelaide (Mrs Gibson and Drs Hofmeyer and Warland); and Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK (Dr Hofmeyer).

Background: Nurses working in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) who care for dying infants and their families say they do not necessarily have the expertise or the specific training to provide quality end-of-life-care (EOLC).

Purpose: The purpose of this review was to critically appraise the existing qualitative literature regarding nurses' experiences when caring for infants during end of life in the NICU and to identify barriers and enablers to provide quality EOLC.

Search Strategy: A literature search was conducted using CINAHL and OVID databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000533DOI Listing
December 2018

Hunter Syndrome: Is It Time to Make It Part of Newborn Screening?

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):480-487

West Chester University, West Chester, Pennsylvania (Dr Joseph and Ms DiCesare); and Nemours/A. I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware (Ms Miller).

Background: Hunter syndrome, or mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), is a lysosomal storage disease that affects the breakdown of sugar in the body. Research has made it possible to reveal the cause of the disease, thus helping diagnose and treating this rare disorder. Enzyme replacement therapy will help children live longer and healthier lives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000569DOI Listing
December 2018

Congenital Syphilis and the Prozone Phenomenon: A Case Study.

Authors:
Lauren E Spydell

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):446-450

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California.

Background: There is a global rise in maternal syphilis and infants born with congenital syphilis.

Clinical Findings: This case report presents a 32-week gestation premature male infant with initial clinical findings significant for respiratory failure as well as blueberry muffin spot rash and hepatosplenomegaly, which are consistent with congenital syphilis.

Primary Diagnosis: This case study is unique in that the diagnosis of congenital neurosyphilis was demonstrated despite negative maternal serology because of the prozone phenomenon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000573DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Maternal Prenatal Screening and Serologies.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):431-437

Wake Forest Hospital-Brenner Children's Hospital, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Background: Maternal prenatal screening is essential in preventing pregnancy complications as well as preventing and/or predicting neonatal and infant medical issues after delivery that are due to certain communicable diseases.

Purpose: This article is aimed at gathering and presenting the most recent information regarding the most common prenatal screening laboratory studies and the implications with the various diseases.

Methods/search Strategy: An extensive medical database search was performed and the most relevant medical texts regarding the subject of prenatal screening were obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000568DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Neonatal Nurses Day and NANNAHEIM Fill Fall With Fun for NANN Members.

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Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):429-430

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000576DOI Listing
December 2018

The Best Interests of Infants and Families During Palliative Care at the End of Life: A Review of the Literature.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Neonatal NP Program, Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: Palliative care is an integral element of care provision in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Healthcare providers working in NICUs are likely to provide palliative care at some point in their career.

Purpose: This article examines what neonatal palliative care entails, how parents perceive healthcare providers' actions, what they potentially need at the end of their infant's life, and what bereavement interventions are most supportive for parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000567DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Implementation of a Central Line Maintenance Bundle for Dislodgement and Infection Prevention in the NICU.

Authors:
Kira L Short

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Arizona State University, Phoenix, and Clinical Issues in Neonatal Care, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Arizona.

Background: Infants in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) often receive medications or nutritional support for extended periods. Due to the fragility of veins, central lines are often used. Adverse outcomes from central lines such as infections and line dislodgements, where the line terminates in a peripheral vessel rather than centrally, can drastically increase infant morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000566DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

The Use of Ultrasonography for Verifying Gastric Tube Placement in Newborns.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

School of Nursing (Dr Dias, Ms Franco, and Dr Carmona), School of Medical Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Dr Jales), Department of Pediatrics (Dr Caldas), Department of Radiology (Dr Alvares) and Woman's Hospital CAISM (Mss Silva and Fabene) - University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The use of gastric tubes in newborns admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit is fairly high, and there is a risk of serious complications related to this procedure.

Purpose: Considering the need to find a method that does not involve the patient's exposure to radiation, this study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for verifying gastric tube placement in newborns.

Methods: This was a prospective, double-blind, observational study performed in a neonatal intensive care unit, in which 159 infants had gastric intubation using ultrasound examination and radiological imaging, to verify positioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000553DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Feasibility and Outcomes Associated With the Use of 2.6-Fr Double-Lumen PICCs in Neonates.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Low birth-weight infants' survival continues to improve and there is increased need to provide secure vascular access. This study examines safety of larger peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) that offer greater utility.

Purpose: To determine feasibility of 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000570DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Effect of Unimodal and Multimodal Sensorimotor Interventions on Oral Feeding Outcomes in Preterm Infants: An Evidence-Based Systematic Review.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Paediatrics (Drs Dow and Fucile) and School of Rehabilitation Therapy, (Mss Rhooms, Brandon, and Zhao and Dr Fucile), Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Preterm infants often experience difficulty with the transition from tube to oral feeding. While many unimodal and multimodal sensorimotor interventions have been generated to optimize oral feeding skills, there has been little cohesion between interventions.

Purpose: The aims of this systematic review were to examine the effect of sensorimotor interventions on oral feeding outcomes and to determine whether multimodal interventions lead to better oral feeding performances than unimodal interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000546DOI Listing
October 2018

Parent Engagement Correlates With Parent and Preterm Infant Oxytocin Release During Skin-to-Skin Contact.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs (Drs Vittner and Ms Makris); School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas (Dr. McGrath) Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford (Drs Vittner and Brownell and Ms Smith); Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Butler); Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Butler); and School of Nursing, South Dakota State University, Brookings (Dr Samra).

Background: Preterm infants remain increasingly neurodevelopmentally disadvantaged. Parental touch, especially during skin-to-skin contact (SSC), has potential to reduce adverse consequences.

Purpose: To examine relationships between parental engagement and salivary oxytocin and cortisol levels for parents participating in SSC intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000558DOI Listing
October 2018

A Pilot Study of Mothers' Breastfeeding Experiences in Infants With Cleft Lip and/or Palate.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Children's Mercy Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri.

Background: Despite the recognized importance of human milk (HM) use, breastfeeding is often discouraged for infants with cleft lip and/or palate because of their anatomical abnormalities. Poor weight gain may require formula for calorie supplementation. Stresses associated with caring for infants with cleft lip/palate may decrease rates of HM provision to these infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000551DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

NICU Discharge Feeding Bundle Improves Accuracy of Postdischarge Feeding Preparation and Potentially Prevents Readmission.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Clinical Nutrition Department (Ms Vollrath, Ms Marshall, and Mr Rihn), Children's Hospital Colorado (Drs Rosenberg and Grover, Mss Gabrielski and Deacon), Aurora; and University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora (Drs Rosenberg, Grover).

Background: Hospitalized infants often need fortified human milk and formulas for growth in the neonatal intensive care unit and postdischarge. Parents must learn how to properly mix infant feedings.At the initial Children's Hospital Colorado follow-up visit, baseline data revealed a 50% rate of mixing inaccuracy of discharge feeding recipes and identified the readmission of 2 infants with life-threatening hypernatremia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000571DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Personality Traits Predict Meeting the WHO Recommendation of 6 Months' Breastfeeding: A Prospective General Population Cohort Study.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Departments of General Practice (Drs Verbeek and Burger), Epidemiology (Ms de Groot), and Clinical Psychology (Dr Bockting), University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; Department of Midwifery Science, AVAG and EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands (Ms Quittner); Bamford Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing, Ulster University, Coleraine, Northern Ireland (Dr de Cock); Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (Ms de Groot); and Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands (Dr Bockting).

Background: Although personality as well as anxiety and depression are recognized as predictors for breastfeeding initiation, evidence of an association of these factors with 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) is sparse.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations of personality and symptoms of anxiety and depression during and after pregnancy with meeting the WHO recommendation of 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding.

Methods: In their first trimester of pregnancy, 5784 pregnant women were enrolled in Dutch primary obstetric care centers and hospitals, of which 2927 completed the breastfeeding assessments 6 months postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000547DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Nurse Decision Making and Attitudes About Circuit Disconnection During Ventilator Therapy at a Swedish Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):E13-E20

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden (Mss Larsson and Karlsson and Dr Blomqvist); and Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden (Ms Karlsson and Dr Blomqvist).

Background: There are many challenges to providing care to infants in need of ventilator therapy. Yet, few studies describe the practical handling of the ventilator circuit during nursing care.

Purpose: To describe neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses' decision making regarding whether or not to disconnect the ventilator circuit when changing the infant's position and to investigate the grounds for their decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000564DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Delicate Balance: Managing Oxygen Treatment in Neonates.

Authors:

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18 Suppl 5S:1-12

This review is based on a Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals-sponsored presentation, "The Delicate Balance of Managing Oxygen Treatment in Neonates," delivered by Amy R Koehn, PhD, NNP-BC, at the National Association of Neonatal Nurses (NANN) 33rd Annual Conference, held in Providence, Rhode Island on October 11, 2017. In addition to focusing on the potential risks associated with exposing newborn tissues to episodes of lower (hypoxic) and higher (hyperoxic) than normal concentrations of serum oxygen, the current guidance for target saturation ranges and methods of tissue oxygenation measurements in neonates was reviewed. A total of 181 neonatal nurses, neonatal nurse practitioners, nurse educators, and nurse managers were polled during the presentation using an audience response system (ARS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ANC.0000547461.94078.09DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Psychometric Properties of the Early Feeding Skills Assessment Tool.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):E13-E23

School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (Dr Thoyre); Boston College William F. Connell School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (Drs Pados and Park); Florida Hospital for Children, Orlando (Ms Shaker); and University of Iowa Stead Family Children's Hospital, Iowa City (Ms Fuller).

Background: Supporting infants as they develop feeding skills is an essential component of neonatal and pediatric care. Selecting appropriate and supportive interventions begins with a thorough assessment of the infant's skills. The Early Feeding Skills (EFS) tool is a clinician-reported instrument developed to assess the emergence of early feeding skills and identify domains in need of intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000537DOI Listing
October 2018

Congenital Tuberculosis: A New Concern in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Authors:

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):E1-E2

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000561DOI Listing
October 2018

Correlation of Premature Infant Sleep/Wakefulness and Noise Levels in the Presence or Absence of "Quiet Time".

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):393-399

Nursing School, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (Mss Pugliesi, Campillos, and Orsi and Drs Avena, Avelar, and Pinheiro); Associação Fundo de Incentivo à Pesquisa, Instituto do Sono, São Paulo, Brazil (Dr Pradella-Hallinan); and Department of Biostatistics, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, Brazil (Dr Tsunemi).

Background: Peak sound levels during sleep can compromise the development of hospitalized infants. Quiet time is a strategy implemented in neonatal units to promote the sleeping of neonates by reducing noise levels, luminosity, and handling during particular periods of the day.

Purpose: To determine the impact of quiet time on reducing sound levels and increasing total sleep time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000549DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Zika Virus: Patient Education Recommendations.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):360-365

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (Ms Towers); and The University of Arizona College of Nursing, Tucson, Arizona (Ms Towers, Dr M. Goldsmith and Ms P. Goldsmith).

Background: A growing threat to maternal-fetal health, the most recent and largest outbreak of the Zika virus disease has introduced the devastating fetal effects of microcephaly and other central nervous system deficits.

Purpose: This brief outlines a history of Zika virus disease, its known effects, best practice recommendations for providers to educate patients, and information for individuals on how to protect themselves.

Methods/search Strategy: A search of the literature using the databases PubMed, UptoDate, and CINAHL was conducted for articles published between 2009 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000548DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Zika Virus Infection: A Vector-Borne Threat to Pregnant Women and Infants.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):350-359

New Jersey Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics, East Windsor, and former consultant, New Jersey Department of Health Critical Congenital Heart Defects Screening Program and Zika Infant Surveillance, Trenton (Ms Grazel); and Thomas Jefferson School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Duke-Johnson & Johnson Nurse Leadership, Division of Community Health, Durham, North Carolina, and Geisinger Holy Spirit Hospital, Middletown, Pennsylvania (Dr Harris-Haman).

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emergent flavivirus, transmitted predominately by Aedes genus mosquitos that recently reached the Americas and was soon implicated in an increase in microcephaly and other serious birth defects.

Purpose: This report provides updated information and recommendations on testing, screening, and care for pregnant women and infants affected by ZIKV.

Methods: Current published recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, and the American Academy of Pediatrics were reviewed and included in this report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000557DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Congenital HIV: Prevention of Maternal to Child Transmission.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):330-340

Coastal Carolina Neonatology, and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, New Hanover Regional Medical Center, Wilmington, North Carolina (Ms Lynch); and Intensive Care Nursery, Duke University Hospital, Durham, North Carolina (Ms Johnson).

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is caused by a cytopathic lentivirus. HIV without adequate treatment during pregnancy can result in maternal to child transmission (MCT) of the virus. Sequelae can include severe lifelong morbidities, shorter life expectancies, and high mortality rates without antiretroviral therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000559DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Congenital Infectious Disease and the Neonate.

Authors:
Desi M Newberry

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 10;18(5):319-320

East Carolina University, Greenville, and WakeMed, Raleigh, North Carolina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000556DOI Listing
October 2018

Conceptualizing Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome as a Cascade of Care: A Qualitative Study With Healthcare Providers in Ohio.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):488-499

Department of Anthropology, University of California, Riverside (Dr Syvertsen); Department of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio (Ms Toneff); University of Southern California, Los Angeles (Dr Madden); and USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles (Dr Clapp and Dr Madden).

Background: The opioid epidemic remains a serious issue in the United States and presents additional challenges for women of childbearing age. An increasingly common complication of opioid use is neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), or infant withdrawal from in utero exposure to opioids.

Purpose: The objective of our qualitative study was to identify service needs and barriers to care in the NAS epidemic in Ohio, which has among the highest rates of opioid use and NAS in the nation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000552DOI Listing
December 2018

Golden Hour Protocol for Preterm Infants: A Quality Improvement Project.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):462-470

Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Drs Harriman and Carter); College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia (Dr Dail); and Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland (Dr Stowell).

Background: Preterm infants are a vulnerable patient population, especially during the first hours of life. Hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and early-onset sepsis are common problems related to prematurity. Implementation of a Golden Hour protocol has been shown to improve outcomes for preterm infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000554DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Early Intervention to Improve Sucking in Preterm Newborns: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Polo Sant'Anna Valdera, Pontedera, Pisa, Italy (Drs Grassi, Cecchi, and Laschi); Departments of Translational Research and of New Surgical and Medical Technologies (Dr Sgherri) and Clinical and Experimental Medicine (Dr Guzzetta), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; Stella Maris Infant Laboratory for Early Intervention, Department of Developmental Neuroscience, Stella Maris Scientific Institute, Pisa, Italy (Ms Chorna and Drs Marchi and Guzzetta); and Department of Woman and Child Health, Ospedale Versilia AUSL 12, Viareggio, Italy (Dr Gagliardi).

Background: Premature birth is associated with feeding difficulties due to inadequate coordination of sucking, swallowing, and breathing. Nonnutritive sucking (NNS) and oral stimulation interventions may be effective for oral feeding promotion, but the mechanisms of the intervention effects need further clarifications.

Purpose: We reviewed preterm infant intervention studies with quantitative outcomes of sucking performance to summarize the evidence of the effect of interventions on specific components of sucking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000543DOI Listing
September 2018

Improving Neonatal Outcomes Through Global Professional Development.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Louise Herrington School of Nursing, Baylor University, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Globally, stillbirths account for 2.7 million infant deaths each year, with the vast majority occurring in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Approximately 900,000 infants die due to birth asphyxia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000550DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

Nonnutritive Sucking at the Mother's Breast Facilitates Oral Feeding Skills in Premature Infants: A Pilot Study.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug 10. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Departments of Neonatology (Ms John), Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Ms Suraj), Occupational Therapy (Messrs Padankatti and Rajapandian), and Biostatistics (Ms Sebastian), Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Premature infants have difficulties in transitioning from gavage to breastfeeding. Targeted interventions to support breastfeeding in premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit are scarce.

Purpose: This pilot study evaluates the effectiveness of nonnutritive sucking at the mother's breast in premature infants to facilitate breastfeeding performance and exclusive breastfeeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000545DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Congenital Tuberculosis: A New Concern in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):341-349

WakeMed Health and Hospitals, Raleigh, North Carolina (Dr Newberry); East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina (Drs Newberry and Robertson Bell); and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr Robertson Bell).

Background: Congenital tuberculosis (TB) is rare in the United States. Recent immigration patterns to the United States have made the diagnosis of congenital TB an important public health issue.

Purpose: To explore the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and prognosis for congenital TB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000555DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

High-Flow Nasal Cannula Practice Patterns Reported by Neonatologists and Neonatal Nurse Practitioners in the United States.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):400-412

Pediatrix Medical Group of Tennessee, Nashville (Drs Eklund and Scott); School of Nursing, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Eklund); and School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee (Drs Eklund and Scott).

Background: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is widely used to treat neonatal respiratory conditions. Significant evidence emerged in recent years to guide practice, yet current practice patterns and their alignment with the evidence remain unknown.

Purpose: To examine current HFNC practice patterns and availability of clinical practice guidelines used in neonatal intensive care units in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000536DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

A Typology of Breastfeeding Mothers of Preterm Infants: A Qualitative Analysis.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Jul 24. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland (Drs Niela-Vilén, Axelin, and Salanterä); Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland (Dr Salanterä); Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland (Dr Melender); and VAMK University of Applied Sciences, Vaasa, Finland (Dr Melender).

Background: Breastfeeding is an important element of motherhood with a preterm infant, but the role of maternal emotions in relation to breastfeeding is vague.

Purpose: To describe maternal emotions regarding and insights into breastfeeding during the first year after a preterm birth.

Methods: In total, 80 mothers of preterm infants (<35 gestational weeks) participated in this secondary analysis of a larger study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000542DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

A Prospective Study on the Incidence and Outcomes of Neonatal Thrombocytopenia at a Tertiary Care Facility in Central Saudi Arabia.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):E3-E12

Pediatric Hematology Oncology Department, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences-King Abdullah Specialized Children Hospital-Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Dr. Eltawel, Drs AlHarbi, AlJamaan, and Alsaif, and Ms Ali); and Science and Technology Unit, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences-Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Mr Salam).

Background: The incidence of neonatal thrombocytopenia is low, yet highly dependent on the populations studied.

Purpose: To assess the incidence of neonatal thrombocytopenia and identify factors associated with its outcomes, namely time to disease onset, recovery duration, and platelet count.

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted between May and October 2013 at a large tertiary care facility in Saudi Arabia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6155353PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Optimal Conventional Mechanical Ventilation in Full-Term Newborns: A Systematic Review.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):451-461

Department for Postgraduate Studies, and Library, Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Oslo, Norway (Drs Solberg and Solevåg and Ms Clarke); and Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway (Dr Solevåg).

Background: Most studies examining the best mechanical ventilation strategies in newborn infants have been performed in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome.

Purpose: To identify and synthesize the evidence regarding optimal mechanical ventilation strategies in full-term newborns.

Methods: Systematic review carried out according to the methods described in the PRISMA statement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000525DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Oral Feeding Success: A Concept Analysis.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Jul 19. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Department of Health Promotion, Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing, Loyola UniversityChicago, Chicago, Illinois (Dr Griffith); Women, Children and Family Health Science, College of Nursing, The University of Illinois at Chicago (Drs Bell, Vincent, and White-Traut); Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (Dr White-Traut); School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (Dr Medoff-Cooper); and Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, The University of Illinois at Chicago (Dr Rankin).

Background: The term "oral feeding success" (OFS) is frequently used in clinical practice and research. However, OFS is inconsistently defined, which impacts the ability to adequately evaluate OFS, identify risk factors, and implement interventions in clinical practice and research.

Purpose: To develop the defining attributes, antecedents, and consequences for the concept of OFS in preterm infants during their initial hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000540DOI Listing
July 2018
13 Reads

Know the Flow: Milk Flow Rates From Bottle Nipples Used in the Hospital and After Discharge.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Jul 19. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Boston College William F. Connell School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (Drs Pados and Park); and NICU Feeding and Developmental Therapy Team, Department of Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Dodrill).

Background: Milk flow rate may play an important role in an infant's ability to safely and efficiently coordinate sucking, swallowing, and breathing during feeding.

Purpose: To test milk flow rates from bottle nipples used in the hospital and after discharge.

Methods: Bottle nipples used in hospitals (10 unique types) and available nationwide at major retailers (15 unique types) were identified. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00149525-900000000-9978
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000538DOI Listing
July 2018
35 Reads

Comparing N-PASS and NIPS: Improving Pain Measurement in the Neonate.

Authors:

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug;18(4):E1-E2

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000544DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Systematic Review: What Is the Evidence for the Side-Lying Position for Feeding Preterm Infants?

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug;18(4):285-294

Boston College William F. Connell School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (Drs Park and Pados); and School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Dr Thoyre).

Background: Side-lying position is an increasingly common feeding strategy used by parents, nurses, and feeding therapists to support oral feeding in preterm infants. Better understanding of the research evidence on the effect of the side-lying position will help clinicians make informed decisions and guide future research in this important area.

Purpose: To identify and summarize the available evidence on the effect of side-lying position on oral feeding outcomes in preterm infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000529DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

NANNAHEIM Is the Place to Be This Fall!

Authors:

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug;18(4):248-249

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000541DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

What Constitutes a Well-Designed Pilot Study?

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 08;18(4):243-245

Coeditor; Advances in Neonatal Care Coeditor; Advances in Neonatal Care

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000535DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Congenital Syphilis: A Discussion of Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Management, and Nurses' Role in Early Identification and Treatment.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Dec;18(6):438-445

East Carolina University, Greensboro, North Carolina.

Background: Syphilis is caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilis left untreated, or inadequately treated during pregnancy, can result in congenital syphilis (CS). Congenital syphilis can lead to severe sequelae or fetal, neonatal, or infant death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000534DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Gastric Residual Volumes Versus Abdominal Girth Measurement in Assessment of Feed Tolerance in Preterm Neonates: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug;18(4):E13-E19

Department of Paediatrics, St John's College of Nursing (Mrs Thomas, Drs Mathew and Sheeja, Ms Raju and Mrs Roshan) Bangalore, Karnataka, India; and Department of Neonatology, St John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India (Dr Nesargi and Dr Rao).

Background: Preterm neonates often have feed intolerance that needs to be differentiated from necrotizing enterocolitis. Gastric residual volumes (GRV) are used to assess feed tolerance but with little scientific basis.

Purpose: To compare prefeed aspiration for GRV and prefeed measurement of abdominal girth (AG) in the time taken to reach full feeds in preterm infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000532DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Nurse Stressors and Satisfiers in the NICU.

Authors:
Elizabeth Fiske

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug;18(4):276-284

Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina.

Background: Working in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can be both rewarding and stressful. Stressors can outweigh satisfiers, leading to job dissatisfaction and turnover. Nurse retention remains a problem, particularly for nurses within the first year of employment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000514DOI Listing
August 2018
31 Reads

Evaluation of Key Factors Impacting Feeding Safety in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Jun 21. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Nutrition and Dietetics Program, Department of Human Environmental Studies, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant (Ms Matus and Dr Logomarsino); Food and Nutrition Services, Beaumont Hospital-Royal Oak, Royal Oak, Michigan (Mss Matus and Bridges); and Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Health Professions, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark (Ms Bridges).

Background: Individualized feeding care plans and safe handling of milk (human or formula) are critical in promoting growth, immune function, and neurodevelopment in the preterm infant. Feeding errors and disruptions or limitations to feeding processes in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are associated with negative safety events. Feeding errors include contamination of milk and delivery of incorrect or expired milk and may result in adverse gastrointestinal illnesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000516DOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads

THE UPWARD TREND OF MARIJUANA USE AMONG PREGNANT FEMALES.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Jun 21. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

College of Nursing, University of Tennessee Knoxville; and Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters, Norfolk, Virginia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000531DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Mothers' Emotional Experiences Providing Care for Their Infants Within the Culture of an Iranian Neonatal Unit.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Aug;18(4):E3-E12

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran (Drs Jabraeili and Hassankhani); Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran (Dr Negarandeh); Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tabriz, Iran (Dr Abbaszadeh); and School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas (Dr Cleveland).

Background: Each year, 5% to 8% of Iranian newborns require care in a neonatal unit (NU). Reasons for admission include prematurity, infection, and congenital anomalies. Little research has been conducted on the culture of Iranian NUs and the impact this has on mothers' emotional caregiving experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000530DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Temperature and Humidity Associated With Artificial Ventilation in the Premature Infant: An Integrative Review of the Literature.

Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Oct;18(5):366-377

Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Ms Ralphe); and College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia (Dr Dail).

Background: Approximately half of the 55,000 very low birth-weight infants (<1500 g) born in the United States each year develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Many etiologies have been associated with the development of BPD, including aberrant temperature/humidity levels of artificial ventilation.

Purpose: The purpose of this literature review is to explore what is known regarding inspired air temperature/humidity levels from artificial ventilation in very premature infants, focusing on what levels these infants actually receive, and what factors impact these levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000519DOI Listing
October 2018
25 Reads