112 results match your criteria Advances in Materials Science and Engineering[Journal]


Toughening robocast chitosan/biphasic calcium phosphate composite scaffolds with silk fibroin: Tuning printable inks and scaffold structure for bone regeneration.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2022 Feb 2:112690. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Department of Materials Engineering and Ceramics (DEMaC), CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address:

The present work aims the production of composite bioceramic scaffolds by robocasting suppressing sintering as post printing process. To achieve this purpose, extrudable ink compositions containing a high concentration of bioceramic powders (hydroxyapatite and β-tricalcium phosphate) embedded in aqueous polymeric solutions of chitosan and silk fibroin were fine-tuned. Polymeric solutions of chitosan/silk fibroin with different ratios were tested, maintaining the total amount of bioceramic solids at 30 vol%. Read More

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February 2022

Toward stronger robocast calcium phosphate scaffolds for bone tissue engineering: A mini-review and meta-analysis.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Nov 29:112578. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117411, Singapore; The NUS Centre for Additive Manufacturing, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117581, Singapore. Electronic address:

Among different treatments of critical-sized bone defects, bone tissue engineering (BTE) is a fast-developing strategy centering around the fabrication of scaffolds that can stimulate tissue regeneration and provide mechanical support at the same time. This area has seen an extensive application of bioceramics, such as calcium phosphate, for their bioactivity and resemblance to the composition of natural bones. Moreover, recent advances in additive manufacturing (AM) have unleashed enormous potential in the fabrication of BTE scaffolds with tailored porous structures as well as desired biological and mechanical properties. Read More

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November 2021

Designing highly customizable human based platforms for cell culture using proteins from the amniotic membrane.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Nov 29:112574. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Chemistry, CICECO, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address:

In the past few years researchers have witnessed a paradigm shift in the development of biomaterials for drug discovery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. After the great advances resulting from the transition of the 2D to the 3D, the new focus has been to increase the clinical relevance of such systems, as well as avoid the use of animals, by developing platforms that better replicate the human physiology in vitro. In this sense, we envisage the use of human matrices extracted from ethically sourced and readily available tissues as an optimal and promising alternative to currently used approaches. Read More

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November 2021

Physical and chemical properties of carbon nanotubes in view of mechanistic neuroscience investigations. Some outlook from condensed matter, materials science and physical chemistry.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Dec 14;131:112480. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Engineering and Architecture, Trieste University, via Valerio 6, I-34127 Trieste, Italy. Electronic address:

The open border between non-living and living matter, suggested by increasingly emerging fields of nanoscience interfaced to biological systems, requires a detailed knowledge of nanomaterials properties. An account of the wide spectrum of phenomena, belonging to physical chemistry of interfaces, materials science, solid state physics at the nanoscale and bioelectrochemistry, thus is acquainted for a comprehensive application of carbon nanotubes interphased with neuron cells. This review points out a number of conceptual tools to further address the ongoing advances in coupling neuronal networks with (carbon) nanotube meshworks, and to deepen the basic issues that govern a biological cell or tissue interacting with a nanomaterial. Read More

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December 2021

Nano-enabled strategies to combat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Oct 21;129:112384. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062, India. Electronic address:

The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a threat to global health because of limited treatments. MRSA infections are difficult to treat due to increasingly developing resistance in combination with protective biofilms of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Read More

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October 2021

Injectable chitosan/collagen hydrogels nano-engineered with functionalized single wall carbon nanotubes for minimally invasive applications in bone.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Sep 30;128:112340. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Tissue Engineering Research Group, Department of Anatomy & Regenerative Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons (RCSI), Dublin D02YN77, Ireland; Trinity Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Trinity College Dublin (TCD), Dublin D02YN7, Ireland; Advanced Materials and Bioengineering Research Centre (AMBER), RCSI and TCD, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:

Mechanical robustness is an essential consideration in the development of hydrogel platforms for bone regeneration, and despite significant advances in the field of injectable hydrogels, many fail in this regard. Inspired by the mechanical properties of carboxylated single wall carbon nanotubes (COOH-SWCNTs) and the biological advantages of natural polymers, COOH-SWCNTs were integrated into chitosan and collagen to formulate mechanically robust, injectable and thermoresponsive hydrogels with interconnected molecular structure for load-bearing applications. This study presents a complete characterisation of the structural and biological properties, and mechanism of gelation of these novel formulated hydrogels. Read More

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September 2021

Unravelling the potential of graphene in glioblastoma therapy.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Sep 21;128:112330. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

University of Manchester, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Michael Smith Building, Dover St., Manchester M13 9PT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most malignant types of central nervous system tumours. Despite advances in treatment modalities, it remains largely incurable with an extremely poor prognosis. Treatment of GBM is associated with several difficulties such as the risk of damaging healthy brain tissues during surgery, drug resistance and inadequate drug delivery across the blood brain barrier. Read More

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September 2021

Scalable synthesis of multicomponent multifunctional inorganic [email protected] silica shell nanocomposites.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Sep 24;128:112272. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen 529020, China; Pharmaceutical Sciences Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, Artillerigatan 6A, 20500 Turku, Finland. Electronic address:

Integrating multiple materials with different functionalities in a single nanostructure enables advances in many scientific and technological applications. However, such highly sophisticated nanomaterials usually require complex synthesis processes that complicate their preparation in a sustainable and industrially feasible manner. Herein, we designed a simple general method to grow a mesoporous silica shell onto any combination of hydrophilic nanoparticle cores. Read More

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September 2021

Advances in versatile anti-swelling polymer hydrogels.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Aug 27;127:112208. Epub 2021 May 27.

CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology of China, Beijing 100190, PR China. Electronic address:

Swelling is ubiquitous for traditional as-prepared hydrogels, but is unfavorable in many situations, especially biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, internal wound closure, soft actuating and bioelectronics, and so forth. As the swelling of a hydrogel usually leads to a volume expansion, which not only deteriorates the mechanical property of the hydrogel but can bring about undesirable oppression on the surrounding tissues when applied in vivo. In contrast, anti-swelling hydrogels hardly alter their volume when applied in aqueous environment, therefore reserving the original mechanical performance and size-stability and facilitating their potential application. Read More

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Nature-inspired materials and structures using 3D Printing.

Mater Sci Eng R Rep 2021 Jul 2;145. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

W. M. Keck Biomedical Materials Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA.

Emulating the unique combination of structural, compositional, and functional gradation in natural materials is exceptionally challenging. Many natural structures have proved too complex or expensive to imitate using traditional processing techniques despite recent advances. Recent innovations within the field of additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D Printing (3DP) have shown the ability to create structures that have variations in material composition, structure, and performance, providing a new design-for-manufacturing platform for the imitation of natural materials. Read More

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Recent advances in bioprinting technologies for engineering cardiac tissue.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 May 25;124:112057. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Research Center "E. Piaggio" and Department of Information Engineering, University of Pisa, Largo Lucio Lazzarino 1, 56122 Pisa, Italy. Electronic address:

Annually increasing incidence of cardiac-related disorders and cardiac tissue's minimal regenerative capacity have motivated the researchers to explore effective therapeutic strategies. In the recent years, bioprinting technologies have witnessed a great wave of enthusiasm and have undergone steady advancements over a short period, opening the possibilities for recreating engineered functional cardiac tissue models for regenerative and diagnostic applications. With this perspective, the current review delineates recent developments in the sphere of engineered cardiac tissue fabrication, using traditional and advanced bioprinting strategies. Read More

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Recent advances in bioprinting technologies for engineering hepatic tissue.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Apr 5;123:112013. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics Department, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA; The Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA; Biomedical Engineering Department, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA; Materials Research Institute, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. Electronic address:

In the sphere of liver tissue engineering (LTE), 3D bioprinting has emerged as an effective technology to mimic the complex in vivo hepatic microenvironment, enabling the development of functional 3D constructs with potential application in the healthcare and diagnostic sector. This review gears off with a note on the liver's microscopic 3D architecture and pathologies linked to liver injury. The write-up is then directed towards unmasking recent advancements and prospects of bioprinting for recapitulating 3D hepatic structure and function. Read More

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Recent advances in bioprinting technologies for engineering different cartilage-based tissues.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Apr 4;123:112005. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302, India. Electronic address:

Inadequate self-repair and regenerative efficiency of the cartilage tissues has motivated the researchers to devise advanced and effective strategies to resolve this issue. Introduction of bioprinting to tissue engineering has paved the way for fabricating complex biomimetic engineered constructs. In this context, the current review gears off with the discussion of standard and advanced 3D/4D printing technologies and their implications for the repair of different cartilage tissues, namely, articular, meniscal, nasoseptal, auricular, costal, and tracheal cartilage. Read More

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Advances in biofabrication techniques for collagen-based 3D in vitro culture models for breast cancer research.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Mar 5;122:111944. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland; Centre for Medical Engineering Research, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland; Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (I-Form), School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland; Advanced Processing Technology Research Centre, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland; Trinity Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland; Advanced Materials and Bioengineering Research Centre (AMBER), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland; Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, School of Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland. Electronic address:

Collagen is the most abundant component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), therefore it represents an ideal biomaterial for the culture of a variety of cell types. Recently, collagen-based scaffolds have shown promise as 3D culture platforms for breast cancer-based research. Two-dimensional (2D) in vitro culture models, while useful for gaining preliminary insights, are ultimately flawed as they do not adequately replicate the tumour microenvironment. Read More

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Oxygen releasing materials: Towards addressing the hypoxia-related issues in tissue engineering.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Mar 23;122:111896. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302, India. Electronic address:

Manufacturing macroscale cell-laden architectures is one of the biggest challenges faced nowadays in the domain of tissue engineering. Such living constructs, in fact, pose strict requirements for nutrients and oxygen supply that can hardly be addressed through simple diffusion in vitro or without a functional vasculature in vivo. In this context, in the last two decades, a substantial amount of work has been carried out to develop smart materials that could actively provide oxygen-release to contrast local hypoxia in large-size constructs. Read More

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Antibacterial efficacy of facile cyanobacterial silver nanoparticles inferred by antioxidant mechanism.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Mar 15;122:111888. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Cyanobacterial Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Nanoparticles (NPs) have gained importance in technological advances owing to their user friendly enhanced and efficient physical, chemical, and biological characteristics compared to their bulk counterparts. Biological synthesis of NPs by using a microorganism, enzymes, or plant extracts offers a greener and eco-friendly approach besides many advantages over physical or chemical approaches. This study reports the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Nostoc muscorum NCCU 442 aqueous extract as the reducing and capping agent for AgNPs synthesis. Read More

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Recent advances in functionalized nanomaterials for the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial infections.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Feb 6;121:111843. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Area of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Salamanca, Spain; The Institute for Biomedical Research of Salamanca (IBSAL), Spain.

The growing problem of resistant infections due to antibiotic misuse is a worldwide concern that poses a grave threat to healthcare systems. Thus, it is necessary to discover new strategies to combat infectious diseases. In this review, we provide a selective overview of recent advances in the use of nanocomposites as alternatives to antibiotics in antimicrobial treatments. Read More

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February 2021

Recent advances in the modification of carbon-based quantum dots for biomedical applications.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jan 27;120:111756. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Nanotechnology & Regenerative Medicine Commercialisation Centre (NanoRegMed Ltd) London BioScience Innovation Centre 2 Royal College Street, London NW1 0NH, UK. Electronic address:

Carbon-based quantum dots (CDs) are mainly divided into two sub-groups; carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and graphene quantum dots (GQDs), which exhibit outstanding photoluminescence (PL) properties, low toxicity, superior biocompatibility and facile functionalization. Regarding these features, they have been promising candidates for biomedical science and engineering applications. In this work, we reviewed the efforts made to modify these zero-dimensional nano-materials to obtain the best properties for bio-imaging, drug and gene delivery, cancer therapy, and bio-sensor applications. Read More

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January 2021

Osteogenic differentiation cues of the bone morphogenetic protein-9 (BMP-9) and its recent advances in bone tissue regeneration.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jan 27;120:111748. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Biomedical Engineering Program, Department of Bioengineering, College of Engineering, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine and Life Sciences, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Bone regeneration using bioactive molecules and biocompatible materials is growing steadily with the advent of the new findings in cellular signaling. Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP)-9 is a considerably recent discovery from the BMP family that delivers numerous benefits in osteogenesis. The Smad cellular signaling pathway triggered by BMPs is often inhibited by Noggin. Read More

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January 2021

3D bioprinting of a stem cell-laden, multi-material tubular composite: An approach for spinal cord repair.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jan 6;120:111707. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Regenerative Medicine and Cellular Therapies Division, Faculty of Science, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK. Electronic address:

Development of a biomimetic tubular scaffold capable of recreating developmental neurogenesis using pluripotent stem cells offers a novel strategy for the repair of spinal cord tissues. Recent advances in 3D printing technology have facilitated biofabrication of complex biomimetic environments by precisely controlling the 3D arrangement of various acellular and cellular components (biomaterials, cells and growth factors). Here, we present a 3D printing method to fabricate a complex, patterned and embryoid body (EB)-laden tubular scaffold composed of polycaprolactone (PCL) and hydrogel (alginate or gelatine methacrylate (GelMA)). Read More

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January 2021

Advances in non-covalent crosslinked polymer micelles for biomedical applications.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Feb 14;119:111626. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Engineering Research Center of Nano-Geomaterials of Ministry of Education, Faculty of Materials Science and Chemistry, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China. Electronic address:

As a drug delivery system, crosslinked polymer micelles can reduce the drug release in advance in the blood circulation, improve the stability of polymer micelles, effectively deliver drugs to the treatment site, further improve the bioavailability of drugs and reduce the side effects. Among them, non-covalent crosslinked polymer micelles have the advantages of sensitive response to external stimuli, self-healing after damage, and no need to use chemicals for crosslinking. This review mainly introduces the research progress of polymer micelles crosslinked by hydrogen bonding, dipole interaction, hydrophobic interaction, host-guest interaction, π-π stacking, and metal coordination reported in recent years, and summarizes the applications of these micelles in biomedical fields such as drug delivery, gene transfection, and imaging. Read More

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February 2021

Biocompatible PCL-nanofibers scaffold with immobilized fibronectin and laminin for neuronal tissue regeneration.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Feb 28;119:111550. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Nanotechnology Program, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt; Energy Materials Laboratory, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt. Electronic address:

Recent advances in regenerative medicine have given hope in overcoming and rehabilitating complex medical conditions. In this regard, the biopolymer poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) may be a promising candidate for tissue regeneration, despite lacking the essential bioactivity. The present study used PCL nanofibers (NFs) scaffold decorated with the extracellular matrix proteins fibronectin and laminin combined for neuronal regeneration. Read More

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February 2021

Recent advances in the redox-responsive drug delivery nanoplatforms: A chemical structure and physical property perspective.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jan 23;118:111536. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Poor water solubility, off-target toxicity, and small therapeutic window are among major obstacles for the development of drug products. Redox-responsive drug delivery nanoplatforms not only overcome the delivery and pharmacokinetic pitfalls observed in conventional drug delivery, but also leverage the site-specific delivery properties. Cleavable diselenide and disulfide bonds in the presence of elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione concentration are among widely used stimuli-responsive bonds to design nanocarriers. Read More

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January 2021

Recent advances in tissue engineering scaffolds based on polyurethane and modified polyurethane.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jan 8;118:111228. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Organ repair, regeneration, and transplantation are constantly in demand due to various acute, chronic, congenital, and infectious diseases. Apart from traditional remedies, tissue engineering (TE) is among the most effective methods for the repair of damaged tissues via merging the cells, growth factors, and scaffolds. With regards to TE scaffold fabrication technology, polyurethane (PU), a high-performance medical grade synthetic polymer and bioactive material has gained significant attention. Read More

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January 2021

Titanium dental implants hydrophilicity promotes preferential serum fibronectin over albumin competitive adsorption modulating early cell response.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Dec 28;117:111307. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Centro Universitario di Odontoiatria, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43125 Parma, Italy; Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43125 Parma, Italy; Istituto dei Materiali per l'Elettronica ed il Magnetismo, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Parco Area delle Scienze 37/A, 43124 Parma, Italy. Electronic address:

In vitro studies have consistently shown that titanium surface wettability affects the response of osteoprogenitors, leading to important advances in the clinical osseointegration of dental implants. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Since surface conditioning by blood components initiates within milliseconds after insertion, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the amount and the type of blood proteins adsorbed influences the interaction between the implant surface and osteoprogenitors. Read More

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December 2020

Recent advances in tumor microenvironment associated therapeutic strategies and evaluation models.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Nov 23;116:111229. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Formulation & Drug Delivery Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road, Jammu, J&K 180001, India. Electronic address:

As per a report of the world health organization, an estimated 9.6 million people died due to cancer in 2018, globally. Most of the cancer death attributed to the lack of early detection and effective treatment. Read More

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November 2020

Biomedical applications of zeolite-based materials: A review.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Nov 20;116:111225. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

Zeolites are crystalline, hydrated aluminosilicates of alkali earth cations, consisting of 3D frameworks of [SiO] and [AlO] tetrahedral, linked through the shared oxygen atoms, which have been widely applied in multifarious technological approaches such as adsorbents, catalysts, ion exchangers, molecular sieves for separation, and sorting the molecules according to their crystalline size dimensions. On the other hand, the unique and outstanding physical and chemical properties of zeolite materials such as porous character, ion exchangeability, water absorption capacity, immunomodulatory and antioxidative effects, biocompatibility and long-term chemical and biological stability, make them increasingly useful in various filed of biomedicine including drug delivery systems, wound healing, scaffolds used in tissue engineering, anti-bacterial and anti-microbial, implant coating, contrast agents, harmful ions removal from the body, gas absorber, hemodialysis, and teeth root filling. Therefore, this review focuses on the more recent advances of the use of zeolites in various biomedical applications feedbacks especially drug delivery, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering with special emphasis on their biomaterial perspectives. Read More

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November 2020

Plant-mediated synthesis of dual-functional Eggshell/Ag nanocomposites towards catalysis and antibacterial applications.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Aug 24;113:111015. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

College of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou 362000, Fujian Province, PR China. Electronic address:

Advances in nanotechnology provide plenty of exciting solutions to environmental issues affecting air, soil as well as water. To solve the water pollution problem caused by organics and microorganisms, development of a simple, environment-friendly, and cheap method for the synthesis of nanomaterials is of paramount importance. Herein, we prepared a novel nanocomposite (named Eggshell/Ag) using waste eggshell as a support and Cacumen platycladi extract as reducing and stabilizing agents in aqueous solutions at room temperature. Read More

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An overview of functional nanoparticles as novel emerging antiviral therapeutic agents.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Jul 6;112:110924. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Science, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, PR China. Electronic address:

Research on highly effective antiviral drugs is essential for preventing the spread of infections and reducing losses. Recently, many functional nanoparticles have been shown to possess remarkable antiviral ability, such as quantum dots, gold and silver nanoparticles, nanoclusters, carbon dots, graphene oxide, silicon materials, polymers and dendrimers. Despite their difference in antiviral mechanism and inhibition efficacy, these functional nanoparticles-based structures have unique features as potential antiviral candidates. Read More

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MoS quantum dots: synthesis, properties and biological applications.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Apr 2;109:110511. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Chemistry, University of Turku, Vatselankatu 2, Turku 20014, Finland. Electronic address:

Fluorescent nanomaterials have gained momentum due to their specific properties and promising applications in various fields. Molybdenum disulfide quantum dots (MoS QDs) are emerging as a new class of fluorescent nanomaterials that have generated tremendous research interests due to their unique optical properties and good biocompatibility. In this review, we firstly present an overview of the significant advances of MoS QDs in synthetic strategies including top-down and bottom-up approaches, followed by discussing their distinctive properties. Read More

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