Adv Space Res 2012 Jan;49(2):237-248
University Laboratory Animal Resources, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA ; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
Animal models are frequently used to assist in the determination of the long- and short-term effects of space flight. The space environment, including microgravity, can impact many physiological and immunological system parameters. It has been found that ground based models of microgravity produce changes in white blood cell counts, which negatively affects immunologic function. Read More