1,031 results match your criteria Advances In Nutrition[Journal]


Fruit and Vegetable Purchases and Consumption among WIC Participants after the 2009 WIC Food Package Revision: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Congressional Budget Office, Washington, DC, USA.

To promote fruit and vegetable (FV) intake among participants, the USDA Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) implemented a comprehensive food package revision in 2009. However, to our knowledge, no studies have systematically explored the factors related to FV purchases and/or consumption among WIC participants in the post-2009 revision era. To fill this knowledge gap, we conducted a systematic literature review using PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science using key search terms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa060DOI Listing

Potential Markers of Dietary Glycemic Exposures for Sustained Dietary Interventions in Populations without Diabetes.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Nutrition Department, Mondelez Int R&D, Saclay, France.

There is considerable interest in dietary and other approaches to maintaining blood glucose concentrations within the normal range and minimizing exposure to postprandial hyperglycemic excursions. The accepted marker to evaluate the sustained maintenance of normal blood glucose concentrations is glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). However, although this is used in clinical practice to monitor glycemic control in patients with diabetes, it has a number of drawbacks as a marker of efficacy of dietary interventions that might beneficially affect glycemic control in people without diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa058DOI Listing

Dietary Sodium Intake and Health Indicators: A Systematic Review of Published Literature between January 2015 and December 2019.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA.

As the science surrounding population sodium reduction evolves, monitoring and evaluating new studies on intake and health can help increase our understanding of the associated benefits and risks. Here we describe a systematic review of recent studies on sodium intake and health, examine the risk of bias (ROB) of selected studies, and provide direction for future research. Seven online databases were searched monthly from January 2015 to December 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa049DOI Listing

Impact of Meal Frequency on Anthropometric Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Institute for Evidence in Medicine, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

The relation between meal frequency and measures of obesity is inconclusive. Therefore, this systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) set out to compare the isocaloric effects of different meal frequencies on anthropometric outcomes and energy intake (EI). A systematic literature search was conducted in 3 electronic databases (Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science; search date, 11 March 2019). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa056DOI Listing

Dietary Factors and Neurodegenerative Disorders: An Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses of Prospective Studies.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Nutritional Epidemiology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Diet has been hypothesized to be associated with neurodegenerative disorders. The aim was to conduct an umbrella review to summarize and evaluate the current evidence of prospective associations between any dietary factors and the incidence of neurodegenerative disorders. We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library up to November 2019 to identify systematic reviews with meta-analyses of prospective studies investigating the association between dietary factors (dietary patterns, foods and beverages, nutrients, and phytochemicals) and neurodegenerative disorders (cognitive decline, cognitive impairment, Alzheimer disease, all-cause dementia, and Parkinson disease). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa053DOI Listing

Reply to Ferreira et al.

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):737-738

School of Medicine, Faculty of Science Medicine and Health, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231593PMC

Reply to M. Heidari and S. Rezaei.

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):742

School of Life Sciences, BK21 plus KNU Creative BioResearch Group, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231586PMC

Reply to JG Dórea.

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):740

Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231576PMC

Reply to A Salari-Moghaddam et al.

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):743

Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Public Heath, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231598PMC

(Re)search Filter Bubble Effect-An Issue Still Unfairly Neglected.

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):744

From the Department for Diagnostics and Intensive Care, University Psychiatric Hospital Vrapče, Zagreb, Croatia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231595PMC

Letter to the Editor on "Perspective: Therapeutic Potential of Flavonoids as Alternative Medicines in Epilepsy".

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):741

Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231585PMC

Why Not Talk about the Harms of Meat Consumption?

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):736

Lipid Unit, Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231584PMC

Comments on "The Public Health Case for Modernizing the Definition of Protein Quality".

Authors:
José G Dórea

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):739

From the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231575PMC

Personality, Chrono-nutrition and Cardiometabolic Health: A Narrative Review of the Evidence.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Life and Health Sciences, School of Sciences and Engineering, University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Growing evidence suggests that personality traits play a role in obesity and cardiometabolic health. In addition, irregularity of food intake has emerged as a potential risk factor for obesity, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic syndrome. Recent studies suggest that when we eat, termed "chrono-nutrition," may be as important to what we eat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa051DOI Listing

Criterion-Related Validity of Spectroscopy-Based Skin Carotenoid Measurements as a Proxy for Fruit and Vegetable Intake: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Carotenoids are a category of health-promoting phytonutrients that are found in a variety of fruits and vegetables and have been used as a biomarker to approximate dietary fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake. Carotenoids are consumed, metabolized, and deposited in blood, skin, and other tissues. Emerging evidence suggests spectroscopy-based skin carotenoid measurement is a noninvasive method to approximate F/V intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa054DOI Listing

Exploring the Influence of Alcohol Industry Funding in Observational Studies on Moderate Alcohol Consumption and Health.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

The Dutch Beer Institute, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

Funding of research by industry in general can lead to sponsorship bias. The aim of the current study was to conduct an initial exploration of the impact of sponsorship bias in observational alcohol research by focusing on a broad spectrum of health outcomes. The purpose was to determine whether the outcome depended on funding source. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa052DOI Listing

Are There Benefits from the Use of Fish Oil Supplements in Athletes? A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Faculty of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University, London, United Kingdom.

Despite almost 25 y of fish oil supplementation (FS) research in athletes and widespread use by the athletic community, no systematic reviews of FS in athletes have been conducted. The objectives of this systematic review are to: 1) provide a summary of the effect of FS on the athlete's physiology, health, and performance; 2) report on the quality of the evidence; 3) document any side effects as reported in the athlete research; 4) discuss any risks associated with FS use; and 5) provide guidance for FS use and highlight gaps for future research. Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar) were searched up until April 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa050DOI Listing

Anemia, Iron Status, and HIV: A Systematic Review of the Evidence.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Nutrition, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

People living with HIV (PLWHIV) are at high risk of anemia due to inadequate iron intake, HIV and opportunistic infections, and inflammation, and as a side effect of antiretroviral therapy. Though iron supplementation can reduce iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in the general population, its role in anemia and in the health of PLWHIV is unclear due to concerns that iron supplementation may increase HIV replication and risk of opportunistic infections. We systematically reviewed the evidence on indicators of iron status, iron intake, and clinical outcomes among adults and children with HIV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa037DOI Listing
May 2020
4.891 Impact Factor

Why the Derivation of Nutrient Reference Values Should be Harmonized and How It Can be Accomplished.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

USDA, Davis, CA, USA.

The adoption of a panel of Nutrient Reference Values (NRVs) in place of a single recommended intake allowed for assessment of nutritional adequacy and safe upper intake levels for nutrients on a population level and for individuals. The Average Requirement (AR) and Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) comprise 2 core NRVs needed to obtain accurate, comparable estimates of population-level nutrient intakes, which are necessary to plan and evaluate nutrition support programs globally. Harmonizing the derivation of NRVs, particularly the AR and UL, is essential to ensure inclusion of all countries, whether high-, middle-, or low-income, in the process and to improve access for all users to the tools and data needed to carry it out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa048DOI Listing

Perspective: Childhood Obesity Requires New Strategies for Prevention.

Adv Nutr 2020 May 3. Epub 2020 May 3.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

The prevalence of obesity among youth in the USA is currently >18% with projections that more than half of today's children will be obese as adults. The growth trajectory of children more likely to become obese is determined by weight in earliest childhood, and childhood body mass index (BMI) tracks through adolescence and adulthood. Childhood consequences of obesity include increased risk of asthma, type 2 diabetes mellitus, orthopedic disorders, and reduced academic performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa040DOI Listing

Reply to X Chen et al.

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

From the Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (EG).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa036DOI Listing

Errors in Meta-Analysis Should Be Corrected: Comment on "Effects of a Paleolithic Diet on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials".

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

From the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Bloomington School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa035DOI Listing

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet and Blood Pressure Reduction in Adults with and without Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

First Cardiology Clinic, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hippokration Hospital, Athens, Greece.

The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is recognized as an effective dietary intervention to reduce blood pressure (BP). However, among randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the DASH diet-mediated BP reduction, there are significant methodological and clinical differences. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the DASH diet effect on BP in adults with and without hypertension, accounting for underlying methodological and clinical confounders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa041DOI Listing

Can Improved Legume Varieties Optimize Iron Status in Low- and Middle-Income Countries? A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Nutrition & Obesity Unit, Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology, Department of Chronic Diseases, Metabolism and Aging, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Iron and zinc deficiencies are some of the most widespread micronutrient deficiencies in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Dietary diversification, food fortification, nutrition education, and supplementation can be used to control micronutrient deficiencies. Legumes are important staple foods in most households in LMIC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa038DOI Listing

Reproducibility of A Posteriori Dietary Patterns across Time and Studies: A Scoping Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Branch of Medical Statistics, Biometry, and Epidemiology "G. A. Maccacaro", Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Few studies have considered if a posteriori dietary patterns (DPs) are generalizable across different centers or studies, or if they are consistently seen over time. To date, no systematic search of the literature on these topics has been carried out. A scoping review was conducted through a systematic search on the PubMed database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa032DOI Listing

Fermented Dairy Products, Probiotic Supplementation, and Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 11. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Eurecat, Centre Tecnològic de Catalunya, Unitat de Nutrició i Salut, Reus, Spain.

Fermented dairy foods (FDFs) and probiotics are promising tools for the prevention and management of cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs), respectively. The relation between the regular consumption of FDFs and CMD risk factors was assessed by prospective cohort studies (PCSs), and the effect of probiotic supplementation added into a dairy matrix on CMD parameters was evaluated by randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Moreover, the effects of probiotic supplementation added into a dairy matrix were compared with those administered in capsule/powder form. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa030DOI Listing

Human Milk-Derived Fortifiers Compared with Bovine Milk-Derived Fortifiers in Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 11. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

School of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

This systematic review assessed outcomes after using human milk-derived fortifier (HMF) compared with bovine milk-derived fortifier (BMF) in preterm infants. Six randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Meta-analysis using a random-effects model showed the following results: 1) lower risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC; ≥Stage II) (RR: 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa039DOI Listing

Profiling of Endogenous and Gut Microbial Metabolites to Indicate Metabotype-Specific Dietary Responses: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 Apr 9. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Upon dietary exposure, the endogenous metabolism responds to the diet-derived nutrients and bioactive compounds, such as phytochemicals. However, the responses vary remarkably due to the interplay with other dietary components, lifestyle exposures, and intrinsic factors, which lead to differences in endogenous regulatory metabolism. These physiological processes are evidenced as a signature profile composed of various metabolites constituting metabolic phenotypes, or metabotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa031DOI Listing

Perspective: Methionine Restriction-Induced Longevity-A Possible Role for Inhibiting the Synthesis of Bacterial Quorum Sensing Molecules.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 28. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety of Ministry of Education of China, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.

Methionine restriction (MR) extends lifespans in multiple species through mechanisms that include enhanced oxidative stress resistance and inhibition of insulin/insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) signaling. Methionine and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) are the essential precursors of bacterial quorum sensing (QS) molecules, and therefore, MR might also affect bacterial communication to prevent enteric bacterial infection as well as chronic inflammation, which contributes to lifespan prolongation. Here, we discuss the influence of MR on oxidative stress resistance and inhibition of insulin/IGF-I cell signaling and further propose a potential mechanism involving bacterial QS inhibition for lifespan extension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa028DOI Listing

Fish Consumption and the Risk of Chronic Disease: An Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses of Prospective Cohort Studies.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 24. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Science and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

We aimed to present a comprehensive review of published meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies on the association of fish consumption and the risk of chronic disease. A systematic search was undertaken in Pubmed and Scopus to October 2019 to find meta-analyses of observational studies evaluating the association of fish consumption and the risk of chronic disease. Retrospective and cross-sectional studies and studies with unadjusted risk estimates were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa029DOI Listing

Back to the Roots: Revisiting the Use of the Fiber-Rich Cichorium intybusL. Taproots.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 21. Epub 2020 Mar 21.

Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Fibers are increasingly recognized as an indispensable part of our diet and vital for maintaining health. Notably, complex mixtures of fibers have been found to improve metabolic health. Following an analysis of the fiber content of plant-based products, we found the taproot of the chicory plant (Cichorium intybusL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa025DOI Listing

Assessing the Evidence of Micronutrients on Depression among Children and Adolescents: An Evidence Gap Map.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 20. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Cundill Centre for Child and Youth Depression, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Toronto, Canada.

There is some evidence indicating that nutrition may have the ability to prevent, treat, and/or influence the severity of depression. The aims of this evidence gap map (EGM) are to provide an overview and to determine evidence gaps in the existing research on micronutrients and their impact on depression among children and adolescents. We conducted a comprehensive search in multiple databases of primary and secondary literature assessing the impact of micronutrients on depression-related outcomes such as unipolar depression, major depressive disorders, dysthymia, acute depression, and mood disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa021DOI Listing

10 Years of Advances in Nutrition.

Authors:
Katherine Tucker

Adv Nutr 2020 May;11(3):751

Center for Population Health, University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231596PMC

Dietary Potassium Intake and Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease Progression in Predialysis Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Sciences, Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Innovation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing and dietary interventions may be a strategy to reduce this burden. In the general population, higher potassium intake is considered protective for cardiovascular health. Due to the risk of hyperkalemia in CKD, limiting potassium intake is often recommended. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa027DOI Listing

Perspective: The Potential Role of Circulating Lysophosphatidylcholine in Neuroprotection against Alzheimer Disease.

Authors:
Richard D Semba

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Alzheimer disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, is a progressive disorder involving cognitive impairment, loss of learning and memory, and neurodegeneration affecting wide areas of the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. AD is characterized by altered lipid metabolism in the brain. Lower concentrations of long-chain PUFAs have been described in the frontal cortex, entorhinal cortex, and hippocampus in the brain in AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa024DOI Listing

Farm to School Activities and Student Outcomes: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2020 03;11(2):357-374

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Farm to school programs (F2SPs) operate in 42% of school districts and are supported in part through federal and state policies as well as philanthropic funding. Although research evaluating the effects of farm to school-related activities on student outcomes is growing, a systematic review of the results and thus a synthesis of implications for future programming have not occurred. The primary objective of this systematic literature review is to summarize and evaluate studies on student outcomes associated with farm to school-related activities up to 1 September, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz094DOI Listing

Reply to Y Gao et al.

Adv Nutr 2020 03;11(2):464-465

From Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Health and Social Research Center, Cuenca, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7073311PMC

Reply to F Haghighatdoost.

Adv Nutr 2020 03;11(2):466-467

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7073308PMC

Meta-analysis of Whole-Grain Consumption and Biomarkers of Systemic Inflammation: Methodologic Limitations.

Adv Nutr 2020 03;11(2):465-466

From the Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7073309PMC

Combining Population-Specific Dietary Patterns in Meta-analyses: True or False?

Adv Nutr 2020 03;11(2):463

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7073310PMC

Skeletal Muscle Disuse Atrophy and the Rehabilitative Role of Protein in Recovery from Musculoskeletal Injury.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.

Muscle atrophy and weakness occur as a consequence of disuse after musculoskeletal injury (MSI). The slow recovery and persistence of these deficits even after physical rehabilitation efforts indicate that interventions designed to attenuate muscle atrophy and protect muscle function are necessary to accelerate and optimize recovery from MSI. Evidence suggests that manipulating protein intake via dietary protein or free amino acid-based supplementation diminishes muscle atrophy and/or preserves muscle function in experimental models of disuse (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa015DOI Listing

Systematic Review of Dietary Patterns and Sustainability in the United States.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Food and Environment Program, The Union of Concerned Scientists, Washington, DC, USA.

Improving awareness and accessibility of healthy diets are key challenges for health professionals and policymakers alike. While the US government has been assessing and encouraging nutritious diets via the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) since 1980, the long-term sustainability, and thus availability, of those diets has received less attention. The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) examined the evidence on sustainable diets for the first time, but this topic was not included within the scope of work for the 2020 DGAC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa026DOI Listing

The Role of the Gut Microbiota in Dietary Interventions for Depression and Anxiety.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 9. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Riddet Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

There is emerging evidence that an unhealthy dietary pattern may increase the risk of developing depression or anxiety, whereas a healthy dietary pattern may decrease it. This nascent research suggests that dietary interventions could help prevent, or be an alternative or adjunct therapy for, depression and anxiety. The relation, however, is complex, affected by many confounding variables, and is also likely to be bidirectional, with dietary choices being affected by stress and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa016DOI Listing

Genetic and Genomic Advances in Developmental Models: Applications for Nutrition Research.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Biology and Microbiology, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, USA.

There is increasing appreciation that dietary components influence and interact with genes important to metabolism. How such influences impact developmental regulation and programming or risks of chronic diseases remains unclear. Nutrition is recognized to affect development and chronic diseases, but our understanding about how genes essential to nutrient metabolism regulate development and impact risks of these diseases remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa022DOI Listing

The Effects of Diets Enriched in Monounsaturated Oleic Acid on the Management and Prevention of Obesity: a Systematic Review of Human Intervention Studies.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Obesity is associated with an increased risk of several major noncommunicable diseases, and is an important public health concern globally. Dietary fat content is a major contributor to the increase in global obesity rates. Changes in dietary habits, such as the quality of fatty acids in the diet, are proposed to prevent obesity and its metabolic complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa013DOI Listing
March 2020
4.891 Impact Factor

Perspective: Time to Resolve Confusion on Folate Amounts, Units, and Forms in Prenatal Supplements.

Adv Nutr 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Folate-containing prenatal supplements are commonly consumed in the United States, but inconsistencies in units of measure and chemical forms pose challenges for providing authoritative advice on recommended amounts. New regulations require folate to be declared as micrograms of dietary folate equivalents (DFE) on product labels, whereas intake recommendations for reducing the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) and the Tolerable Upper Intake Level are expressed as micrograms of folic acid. Today, >25% of prenatal supplements contain folate as synthetic salts of L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate (L-5-MTHF), but recommendations do not include this form of the vitamin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa017DOI Listing