823 results match your criteria Advances In Nutrition[Journal]


A Systematic Risk Assessment and Meta-Analysis on the Use of Oral β-Alanine Supplementation.

Adv Nutr 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Applied Physiology and Nutrition Research Group, Rheumatology Division, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

β-Alanine supplementation is one of the world's most commonly used sports supplements, and its use as a nutritional strategy in other populations is ever-increasing, due to evidence of pleiotropic ergogenic and therapeutic benefits. Despite its widespread use, there is only limited understanding of potential adverse effects. To address this, a systematic risk assessment and meta-analysis was undertaken. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy115DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Vegetarian-Based Dietary Patterns and their Relation with Inflammatory and Immune Biomarkers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Adv Nutr 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

School of Medicine, Faculty of Science Medicine and Health, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

Dietary patterns with substantial proportions of energy from plant sources have been associated with favorable biomarkers of low-grade inflammation. Less is known of the relation between vegetarian-based dietary patterns and markers of inflammation and immune status. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the relation between vegetarian-based dietary patterns and inflammatory and immune markers (C-reactive protein, tumour necrosis factor α, fibrinogen, natural killer cells, leukocytes, lymphocytes, thrombocytes, interleukins, and immunoglobulins). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy103DOI Listing

Perspective: Refined Grains and Health: Genuine Risk, or Guilt by Association?

Authors:
Glenn A Gaesser

Adv Nutr 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ.

Refined grain intake is widely assumed to be associated with adverse health outcomes, including increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and obesity. The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee recommended that to improve dietary quality, the US population should replace most refined grains with whole grains. This recommendation was based largely on results from studies that examined dietary patterns, not separate food groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy104DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Proanthocyanidins of Natural Origin: Molecular Mechanisms and Implications for Lipid Disorder and Aging-Associated Diseases.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Analytical, Environmental & Forensic Sciences, School of Population Health & Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Proanthocyanidins are phytonutrients formed by oligomerization or polymerization of subunits catechin, epicatechin, and their gallic acid esters. Proanthocyanidins are a component of many plants and thus form an integral part of the human diet. Oligomeric proanthocyanidins are currently marketed as medicinal products that target vascular disorders and chronic pathological conditions, many of which are age-associated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy118DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Best Practices for Conducting Observational Research to Assess the Relation between Nutrition and Bone: An International Working Group Summary.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Diet is a modifiable factor that can affect bone strength and integrity, and the risk of fractures. Currently, a hierarchy of scientific evidence contributes to our understanding of the role of diet on bone health and fracture risk. The strength of evidence is generally based on the type of study conducted, the quality of the methodology employed, the rigor and integrity of the data collected and analysis plan, and the transparency and completeness of the results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy111DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Epigenetic Regulation of Metabolism and Inflammation by Calorie Restriction.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Nutritional Sciences.

Chronic caloric restriction (CR) without malnutrition is known to affect different cellular processes such as stem cell function, cell senescence, inflammation, and metabolism. Despite the differences in the implementation of CR, the reduction of calories produces a widespread beneficial effect in noncommunicable chronic diseases, which can be explained by improvements in immuno-metabolic adaptation. Cellular adaptation that occurs in response to dietary patterns can be explained by alterations in epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, and microRNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy129DOI Listing

Calcium.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN.

Calcium is the fifth most abundant element in the body with >99% residing in the skeleton as hydroxyapatite, a complex calcium phosphate molecule. This mineral supplies the strength to bones that support locomotion, but it also serves as a reservoir to maintain serum calcium concentrations. Calcium plays a central role in a wide range of essential functions. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy086DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nutrition and Cancer Prevention: Why is the Evidence Lost in Translation?

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

School of Population and Public Health.

With the high burden of cancer worldwide, primary prevention has been identified as a key cancer control strategy to reduce this burden. Diet and nutrition are important modifiable factors that may alter the risk of developing cancer, because several dietary components including alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable intake, and dietary fiber have been shown to significantly impact cancer risk. Consequently, a number of organizations have developed cancer prevention guidelines that highlight the importance of nutrition (and related factors including body size and physical activity) to reduce the risk of cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy089DOI Listing

Assessing the Impact of Animal Husbandry and Capture on Anemia among Women and Children in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):331-344

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Animal husbandry and capture (AHC) may mitigate anemia among women and children by supplying a source of micronutrient-rich animal source foods (ASF), yet may concurrently increase exposure to anemia-inducing pathogens such as Plasmodium spp., helminths, and enteropathogens. We conducted a systematic literature review to assess the relation between AHC and anemia among women of reproductive age, school-aged children, and children aged <5 y in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416043PMC

The Long-Term Effects of Dietary Nutrient Intakes during the First 2 Years of Life in Healthy Infants from Developed Countries: An Umbrella Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Institute of Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Liver Diseases, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

The role of both qualitative and quantitative early nutrient intakes on later health has been suggested for decades and supported by observational studies on humans, mainly preterm and low-birth-weight infants, and animal models. However, to date, no comprehensive review has been conducted to evaluate the full impact of nutritional variables on healthy full-term infants. This umbrella review considers meta-analyses and systematic reviews on the health effects of different nutritional exposures or interventions in the first 2 y of life of healthy full-term infants in developed countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy106DOI Listing

Effects of Milk and Milk-Product Consumption on Growth among Children and Adolescents Aged 6-18 Years: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):250-261

School of Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Although studies have suggested that milk and milk-product consumption may influence growth during childhood and puberty, results are inconsistent. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the available evidence of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing whether milk and milk-product consumption could affect growth and body composition among children and adolescents aged 6-18 y. PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched for all RCTs published up to December 2017 that investigated milk and milk-product consumption (≥12 wk) on growth and body composition among participants (aged 6-18 y) without undernourishment or diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416041PMC

The Effect of Canola Oil on Body Weight and Composition: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials.

Adv Nutr 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Nutrition and Food Security Research Center.

A number of clinical trials have examined the effect of canola oil (CO) on body composition in recent years; however, the results have been inconsistent. The present investigation aims to examine the effect of CO on body weight (BW) and body composition using a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials. Online databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched up to February, 2018 for randomized controlled clinical trials that examined the effect of CO on anthropometric measures and body composition indexes in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy108DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Appropriate Use of Linear Growth Measures to Assess Impact of Interventions on Child Development and Catch-Up Growth.

Adv Nutr 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Alive & Thrive, FHI 360, Washington, DC.

Linear growth is increasingly used as the sole or primary outcome for evaluating interventions, but impact is often not seen. Sometimes there is interest in whether children catch up to where they otherwise would have been had detrimental conditions not occurred, but the literature is confusing because of claims for evidence of catch-up growth based on inappropriate methods. This article examines the use of linear growth measures to evaluate intervention impact and catch-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy093DOI Listing
February 2019

Perspective: What Does Stunting Really Mean? A Critical Review of the Evidence.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):196-204

Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

The past decade has seen an unprecedented increase in attention to undernutrition, and drastically reducing child stunting has become a global development objective. The strong focus on linear growth retardation and stunting has enabled successful advocacy for nutrition, but with this focus has come some confusion and misunderstanding about the meaning of linear growth retardation and stunting among researchers, donors, and agencies active in nutrition. Motivated by the belief that a sharp focus will further accelerate progress in reducing undernutrition, we critically reviewed the evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416038PMC

Food Groups and Risk of Overweight, Obesity, and Weight Gain: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):205-218

Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Nuthetal, Germany.

This meta-analysis summarizes the evidence of a prospective association between the intake of foods [whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)] and risk of general overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity, and weight gain. PubMed and Web of Science were searched for prospective observational studies until August 2018. Summary RRs and 95% CIs were estimated from 43 reports for the highest compared with the lowest intake categories, as well as for linear and nonlinear relations focusing on each outcome separately: overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity, and weight gain. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416048PMC
March 2019
21 Reads

A Systematic Review of Principal Component Analysis-Derived Dietary Patterns in Japanese Adults: Are Major Dietary Patterns Reproducible Within a Country?

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):237-249

Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Principal component analysis (PCA) has been widely used in nutritional epidemiology to derive dietary patterns. However, although PCA-derived dietary patterns are population-dependent, their reproducibility in different populations is largely unexplored. We aimed to investigate whether major dietary patterns are consistently identified among different populations within a country and, if so, how similar these dietary patterns are. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416039PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Anti-Aggregatory Potential of Selected Vegetables-Promising Dietary Components for the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease.

Authors:
Beata Olas

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):280-290

Department of General Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Increased blood platelet activation, especially platelet aggregation, plays an important function in cardiovascular disease; however, various dietary components may inhibit platelet activation. Recent clinical and epidemiologic studies indicate that both fruits and vegetables, and their products, contain various phytoprotective substances possessing biological properties such as antiplatelet and antioxidant effects that may work synergistically to ameliorate the effect of cardiovascular disease. In addition, the consumption of vegetables and their products may also play an important role in prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy085DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416036PMC

Nutritional Management for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients who Undergo Bariatric Surgery: A Narrative Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):122-132

Department of Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Bariatric surgery (BS) may be effective for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients by reducing microalbuminuria and proteinuria, and by facilitating their meeting inclusion criteria for kidney transplantation. However, nutritional management for this population is complex and specific guidelines are scarce. A literature search was performed to create dietetic practice for these patients based on the most recent evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370259PMC
January 2019
1 Read
4.891 Impact Factor

Glutamine Metabolism in Macrophages: A Novel Target for Obesity/Type 2 Diabetes.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):321-330

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition Control, Institute of Subtropical Animal Nutrition and Feed, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Obesity is a nutritional disorder resulting from a chronic imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. This disease is characterized by inflammation in multiple cell types, including macrophages. M1 macrophage responses are correlated with the progression of obesity or diabetes; therefore, strategies that induce repolarization of macrophages from an M1 to an M2 phenotype may be promising for the prevention of obesity- or diabetes-associated pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416106PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Diet, Gut Microbiota, and Obesity: Links with Host Genetics and Epigenetics and Potential Applications.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(suppl_1):S17-S30

Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Physiology and Center for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Diverse evidence suggests that the gut microbiota is involved in the development of obesity and associated comorbidities. It has been reported that the composition of the gut microbiota differs in obese and lean subjects, suggesting that microbiota dysbiosis can contribute to changes in body weight. However, the mechanisms by which the gut microbiota participates in energy homeostasis are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363528PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(suppl_1):S49-S66

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, School of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Armilla, Granada, Spain.

Probiotics are living microorganisms that confer health benefits to the host when administered in adequate amounts; however, dead bacteria and their components can also exhibit probiotic properties. Bifidobacterium and strains of lactic acid bacteria are the most widely used bacteria that exhibit probiotic properties and are included in many functional foods and dietary supplements. Probiotics have been shown to prevent and ameliorate the course of digestive disorders such as acute, nosocomial, and antibiotic-associated diarrhea; allergic disorders such as atopic dermatitis (eczema) and allergic rhinitis in infants; and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea and some inflammatory bowel disorders in adults. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/article/10/suppl_1/S49/530
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363529PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Effects of Sweeteners on the Gut Microbiota: A Review of Experimental Studies and Clinical Trials.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(suppl_1):S31-S48

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, School of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

The consumption of sugar-free foods is growing because of their low-calorie content and the health concerns about products with high sugar content. Sweeteners that are frequently several hundred thousand times sweeter than sucrose are being consumed as sugar substitutes. Although nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs) are considered safe and well tolerated, their effects on glucose intolerance, the activation of sweet taste receptors, and alterations to the composition of the intestinal microbiota are controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363527PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Perspective: Are We Ready to Measure Child Nutritional Status with Lasers?

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(suppl_1):S10-S16

Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Laney Graduate School, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

The continued use of basic, manual anthropometric tools (e.g., boards and tapes) leaves anthropometry susceptible to human error. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363524PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Humans against Obesity: Who Will Win?

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(suppl_1):S4-S9

Global Obesity Prevention Center, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

The global obesity epidemic continues its relentless advance, currently affecting >2 billion people. This paper explores alternative ways to assess the potential disease impact of the epidemic, which is currently based almost exclusively on body mass index (BMI) data. It also argues in favor of concerted efforts to modify the built ecosystem that is driving the obesity epidemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363526PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Guide and Proceedings of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences 21st International Congress of Nutrition Held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 15-20 October 2017.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(suppl_1):S1-S3

CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363525PMC
January 2019

The Potential Role of Dietary Platelet-Activating Factor Inhibitors in Cancer Prevention and Treatment.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):148-164

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Cancer is the second leading cause of mortality worldwide. The role of unresolved inflammation in cancer progression and metastasis is well established. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a key proinflammatory mediator in the initiation and progression of cancer. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370273PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

The Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a Model Organism to Study Metabolic Effects of ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Obesity.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):165-178

Departments of Plant and Soil Science, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX.

Obesity is a complex disease that is influenced by several factors, such as diet, physical activity, developmental stage, age, genes, and their interactions with the environment. Obesity develops as a result of expansion of fat mass when the intake of energy, stored as triglycerides, exceeds its expenditure. Approximately 40% of the US population suffers from obesity, which represents a worldwide public health problem associated with chronic low-grade adipose tissue and systemic inflammation (sterile inflammation), in part due to adipose tissue expansion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370270PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Assessing the Safety of Pesticides in Food: How Current Regulations Protect Human Health.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):80-88

Regulatory Policy and Scientific Affairs, Monsanto Company, Chesterfield, MO.

Understanding the magnitude and impact of dietary pesticide exposures is a concern for some consumers. However, the ability of consumers to obtain and understand state-of-the-science information about how pesticides are regulated and how dietary exposure limits are set can be limited by the complicated nature of the regulations coupled with an abundance of sources seeking to cast doubt on the reliability of those regulations. Indeed, these regulations are sometimes not well understood within health care professions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370255PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence and Diagnosis of Sarcopenia in Residential Facilities: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):51-58

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Assessing sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass and function, in institutionalized older adults is a challenging task. Data on its prevalence in residential facilities are scant and highly variable. Our objective was to report the prevalence of sarcopenia in older adults living in residential facilities (nursing/long term-care homes and assisted-living facilities) and review the criteria and methodologies used to diagnose sarcopenia in this setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370256PMC
January 2019

Parent Feeding Practices in the Australian Indigenous Population within the Context of non-Indigenous Australians and Indigenous Populations in Other High-Income Countries-A Scoping Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):89-103

Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Australia, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.

Although extensive literature on parent feeding practices among the general Australian population exists, Australian Indigenous populations are generally overlooked. A systematic scoping review was carried out to map any source of literature showing Indigenous parent feeding practices in Australia in the context of what is known about parent feeding practices among broader Australian populations and Indigenous populations in other high-income countries.A search of 8 electronic health databases was conducted. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370272PMC
January 2019
12 Reads
4.891 Impact Factor

A Systematic Review and Content Analysis of Classroom Teacher Professional Development in Nutrition Education Programs.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):351-359

Department of Nutrition Science, College of Allied Health Sciences, East Carolina University, Gainesville, NC.

Many nutrition programs include classroom-based education. Schoolteachers are relied upon to deliver these programs despite gaps in nutrition education motivation, knowledge, and self-efficacy. Teacher professional development (PD) for these nutrition education programs has been identified as a strategy for improving program effectiveness, yet many interventions do not include a PD component and still fewer describe it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416037PMC

Modulation of the Gut Microbiota by Resistant Starch as a Treatment of Chronic Kidney Diseases: Evidence of Efficacy and Mechanistic Insights.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):303-320

Department of Diabetes, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been associated with changes in gut microbial ecology, or "dysbiosis," which may contribute to disease progression. Recent studies have focused on dietary approaches to favorably alter the composition of the gut microbial communities as a treatment method in CKD. Resistant starch (RS), a prebiotic that promotes proliferation of gut bacteria such as Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli, increases the production of metabolites including short-chain fatty acids, which confer a number of health-promoting benefits. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416045PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Increased Dairy Product Intake Modifies Plasma Glucose Concentrations and Glycated Hemoglobin: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):262-279

Endocrinology and Nephrology Unit, CHU de Québec Research Center; Université Laval, Departments of.

Dairy product intake is inversely associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in numerous cohort studies; yet, the beneficial effects of increased dairy product intake on T2D risk factors such as fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, insulin resistance with the homeostasis model assessment, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) remain inconclusive in clinical trials. The objective of this study was to systematically review clinical trials observing the effects of elevated compared with minimal intake of dairy products on T2D risk factors in subjects without diabetes. Five databases [Medline, EMBASE, Central, CINAHL, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine)] were searched to identify randomized controlled trials that used elevated quantities of dairy products from ruminant sources in comparison with a lower intake in control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416042PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Dietary Patterns in Relation to Low Bone Mineral Density and Fracture Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):219-236

Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Public Heath, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis-related fractures constitute a considerable public health burden. Several studies have demonstrated the association between diet and bone health. We performed a systematic review to provide an estimate of the association between different dietary patterns defined through the use of a posteriori methods and fracture or low BMD risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416046PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Perspective: The Evidence-Based Framework in Nutrition and Dietetics: Implementation, Challenges, and Future Directions.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):1-8

School of Medicine, Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Decision making in nutrition is based on current available scientific evidence. However, we are currently living in a time of highly accessible information, and with the increase in accessibility has come a concomitant increase in misinformation and pseudoscience relating to nutrition. This presents a challenge to the nutrition research community, practitioners, and consumers, and highlights a need to critically examine the current evidence-based framework in nutrition, and identify strategies for future improvements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370257PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Catch-Up Growth in Full-Term Small for Gestational Age Infants: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):104-111

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

This is the first systematic review to examine the global prevalence of catch-up growth (CUG) in small for gestational age (SGA) infants who were born at full term (FT). Size at birth and subsequent growth is an important indicator of neonatal and adult health. Globally, 16% of infants are SGA at birth, ranging from 7% in industrialized countries to 41. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370265PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

The Role of Various Forms of Training on Improved Accuracy of Food-Portion Estimation Skills: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):43-50

Faculty of Science Medicine and Health, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

This study describes the types of food-portion tools used and changes in accuracy for food-portion size estimation by adult populations after an intervention of food-portion education and training. This systematic review searched 7 scientific databases. Only internally comparable study designs were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370264PMC
January 2019

Clinical Nutrition Education of Doctors and Medical Students: Solving the Catch 22.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):345-350

University of Crete School of Medicine, Department of Social Medicine, Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Heraklion, Greece.

There is a well-documented pandemic of malnutrition. It has numerous sequelae, including physical and psychological ill health, early death, and socioeconomic burden. The nutrition landscape and dynamics of the nutrition transition are extremely complex, but one significant factor in both is the role of medical management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416044PMC

Activation of Human Brown Adipose Tissue by Capsinoids, Catechins, Ephedrine, and Other Dietary Components: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):291-302

PROFITH (PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity) Research Group, Department of Physical and Sports Education, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; Departments of.

Human brown adipose tissue (BAT) has attracted clinical interest not only because it dissipates energy but also for its potential capacity to counteract obesity and related metabolic disorders (e.g., insulin resistance and dyslipidemia). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416040PMC
March 2019
28 Reads

The Impact of Dairy Protein Intake on Muscle Mass, Muscle Strength, and Physical Performance in Middle-Aged to Older Adults with or without Existing Sarcopenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):59-69

Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Nottingham, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.

Sarcopenia is an age-related condition associated with a progressive loss of muscle mass and strength. Insufficient protein intake is a risk factor for sarcopenia. Protein supplementation is suggested to improve muscle anabolism and function in younger and older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370271PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Curcumin for Cognition-Does the Path Lie in the Cerebral Circulation?

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):182

Clinical Nutrition Research Center, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370262PMC
January 2019
16 Reads
4.891 Impact Factor

Dietary Inflammatory Potential and the Risk of Incident Depression in Adults: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):9-18

Department of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Diet is proposed to have a stimulatory or preventative influence on mental health and the risk of depressive symptoms, given that the diet can have either a pro- or an anti-inflammatory effect. This study aimed to collate the relation between dietary inflammatory potential and the risk of depression. PubMed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and Scopus databases, as well as Google were searched for articles published at any date until May 2018. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370269PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Protective Effects of Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate from Green Tea in Various Kidney Diseases.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):112-121

Medical Proteomics Unit, Office for Research and Development, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Kidney diseases are common health problems worldwide. Various etiologies (e.g. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370267PMC
January 2019
20 Reads

Perspective: The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII)-Lessons Learned, Improvements Made, and Future Directions.

Adv Nutr 2019 Mar;10(2):185-195

Cancer Prevention and Control Program.

The literature on the role of inflammation in health has grown exponentially over the past several decades. Paralleling this growth has been an equally intense focus on the role of diet in modulating inflammation, with a doubling in the size of the literature approximately every 4 y. The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) was developed to provide a quantitative means for assessing the role of diet in relation to health outcomes ranging from blood concentrations of inflammatory cytokines to chronic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416047PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Recent Advances in the Characterization of Skeletal Muscle and Whole-Body Protein Responses to Dietary Protein and Exercise during Negative Energy Balance.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):70-79

Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA.

In a review published in 2012, we concluded that higher-protein diets preserve muscle mass during energy deficit via stimulated mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 signaling, coincident increased muscle protein synthesis (PS), inhibited ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and suppressed muscle protein breakdown (PB). Since then, there have been significant advances in understanding the fundamental effects of higher-protein diets, with or without exercise training, on muscle and whole-body protein homeostasis during negative energy balance. Therefore, an update on the evolution of this field of research is warranted to better inform recommendations on best practices for healthy weight loss and muscle preservation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370268PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Potential of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Managing Chemotherapy- or Radiotherapy-Related Intestinal Microbial Dysbiosis.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):133-147

Department of Radiation Oncology, First Bethune Hospital of Jilin University, ChangChun, China.

Chemotherapy- or radiotherapy-related intestinal microbial dysbiosis is one of the main causes of intestinal mucositis. Cases of bacterial translocation into peripheral blood and subsequent sepsis occur as a result of dysfunction in the intestinal barrier. Evidence from recent studies depicts the characteristics of chemotherapy- or radiotherapy-related intestinal microbial dysbiosis, which creates an imbalance between beneficial and harmful bacteria in the gut. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370266PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Chronotype: Implications for Epidemiologic Studies on Chrono-Nutrition and Cardiometabolic Health.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):30-42

Nestlé Research Center, Institute of Nutritional Sciences, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Chrono-nutrition is an emerging research field in nutritional epidemiology that encompasses 3 dimensions of eating behavior: timing, frequency, and regularity. To date, few studies have investigated how an individual's circadian typology, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370261PMC
January 2019
4.891 Impact Factor

Lycopene and Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Adv Nutr 2019 Jan;10(1):19-29

Department of Human Nutrition, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL.

Cardiometabolic risk factors increase the likelihood of cardiovascular disease development by 2-fold. Lycopene, a potent lipophilic antioxidant, may be able to mediate oxidative stress, a mechanism underpinning metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its risk factors. This is, to our knowledge, the first systematic review of the literature with the purpose of investigating the relation between circulating lycopene or dietary intake of lycopene and MetS as well as its risk factors. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.109
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370260PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Associations between Phytoestrogens, Glucose Homeostasis, and Risk of Diabetes in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Adv Nutr 2018 Nov;9(6):726-740

Department of Epidemiology.

Phytoestrogens might have advantageous effects on diabetes in women. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effect of phytoestrogens on glucose homeostasis and the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among women. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective observational studies that assessed associations of phytoestrogens (supplementation, dietary intake, or biomarkers) with fasting glucose or insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), or with the risk of T2D were included. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/advances/article/9/6/726/5194328
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247339PMC
November 2018
2 Reads
4.891 Impact Factor