82 results match your criteria Advances In Life Course Research[Journal]


Positive self-concept predicts youth staying in school longer in India.

Authors:
Renee Ryberg

Adv Life Course Res 2018 Sep 21;37:1-14. Epub 2018 May 21.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 155 Hamilton Hall, CB # 3210, Chapel Hill, NC USA 27599-3210, 240-625-4047.

Research based on youth in the United States and Europe has established the importance of noncognitive skills for successful transitions to adulthood. The influence of noncognitive skills may vary by social and economic contexts, though, and nine in ten youth worldwide live in developing countries where noncognitive skills have not been rigorously studied. I specifically examine the role that self-concept plays in predicting education/work status in the transition to adulthood among youth in Andhra Pradesh, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2018.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284824PMC
September 2018

Working, Parenting and Work-Home Spillover: Gender Differences in the Work-Home Interface across the Life Course.

Adv Life Course Res 2018 Mar 24;35:24-36. Epub 2017 Dec 24.

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor.

In this study, we bring a life course approach to work-family research and ask how work-home spillover changes as men and women move through different parenting stages. We use two waves of the Mid-Life in the United States Study (MIDUS I and II, 1996-2004, N=1,319) and estimate change-score models to document the association between five parenting transitions (becoming a parent, starting to parent a school-aged child, an adolescent, young adult, or adult child) and changes in both positive and negative work-to-home (WHS) and home-to-work (HWS) spillover, testing for gender differences in these associations. We find that moving through parenting stages is related to within-person changes in reports of work-home spillover, and that mothers and fathers encounter changes in spillover at different points in the life course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2017.12.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5997267PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Retirement and Cognition: A Life Course View.

Adv Life Course Res 2017 Mar 25;31:11-21. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology & Centre on Aging, University of Victoria, Cornett Building A236 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2.

This study examines the relationship between retirement and cognitive aging. We build on previous research by exploring how different specifications of retirement that reflect diverse pathways out of the labor market, including reason for leaving the pre-retirement job and duration spent in retirement, impact three domains of cognitive functioning. We further assess how early-life factors, including adolescent cognition, and mid-life work experiences, condition these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2016.10.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5539912PMC
March 2017
3 Reads

The Relationship Timeline: A Method for the Study of Shared Lived Experiences in Relational Contexts.

Adv Life Course Res 2017 Jun 25;32:55-64. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Lifeline methods-graphic illustrations of the pathways of lived experience traveled by individuals from birth to anticipated death-have been useful in the study of lived experience. Existing lifeline methods and research focus on the individual experience; absent from this literature are the collective experiences of those in intimate relationships. In this paper, based on our research with 120 same-sex couples, we present a method to allow for the joint creation of relationship timelines, which serve as the basis for eliciting dyadic data in multiple forms: graphic representations of relationship development through couples' creation of a timeline of key events and periods; qualitative narratives of couples' shared experiences; and quantitative ratings of significant events and periods in their lives together. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2016.07.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5454772PMC
June 2017
44 Reads

TURNING POINTS IN THE LIVES OF LESBIAN AND GAY ADULTS AGE 50 AND OVER.

Adv Life Course Res 2016 12 16;30:124-132. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

University of Washington, School of Social Work Mailing address: 4101 15th Ave. NE, Box 354900, Seattle, WA 98105.

Little is known about how lesbians and gay men perceive the turning points that define their life trajectories. This study uses qualitative interview data to understand which experiences lesbian women and gay men age 50 and older identify as turning points and explore gender differences. In depth, face-to-face qualitative interviews were conducted with a subset of participants (n=33) from the Caring and Aging with Pride survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2016.06.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5215460PMC
December 2016
4 Reads

The impact of adolescent risk behavior on partner relationships.

Adv Life Course Res 2016 Jun;28:6-21

Department of Criminal Justice and Forensic Science, Hamline University, 1536 Hewitt Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55104, United States.

Prior literature suggests that involvement in adolescent risk behaviors will have short- and long-term consequences that disrupt the orderly flow of later development, including impacts on patterns of partner relationships. In this study, we explore how adolescent involvement in delinquency, drug use, and sexual behavior at an early age affects the likelihood and timing of both marriage and cohabitation using a sample from the Rochester Youth Development Study. We also examine the direct effects of dropping out of high school, teenage parenthood, and financial stress during emerging adulthood as well as their potential role as mediators of the relationships between adolescent risk behaviors and partnering for both males and females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4941232PMC
June 2016
1 Read

Subjective adult identity and casual sexual behavior.

Authors:
Heidi Ann Lyons

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Dec;26:1-10

Department of Sociology, Anthropology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, United States.

A majority of Americans have a casual sexual experience before transitioning to adulthood. Little research has yet to examine how identity influences causal sexual behavior. The current study fills this gap in the literature by examining if subjective adult identity predicts casual sexual behavior net of life course transitions in a national sample of Americans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821070PMC
December 2015

Assessing the relationships among race, religion, humility, and self-forgiveness: A longitudinal investigation.

Authors:
Neal Krause

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Jun 17;24:66-74. Epub 2015 Feb 17.

University of Michigan, School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, United States. Electronic address:

Social and behavioral scientists have shown a growing interest in the study of virtues due, in part, to the influence of positive psychology. The underlying premise in this research is that adopting key virtues promotes a better quality of life. Consistent with this orientation, the purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between humility and self-forgiveness over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.02.003DOI Listing

Within-couple specialisation in paid work: A long-term pattern? A dual trajectory approach to linking lives.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Jun 16;24:47-65. Epub 2015 Feb 16.

Nuffield College, New Road, Oxford OX1 1NF, United Kingdom; Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 1UQ. Electronic address:

Research on the division of labour has mainly focussed on transitions between individuals' labour market states during the first years of parenthood. A common conclusion has been that couples specialize--women in unpaid and men in paid work--either due to gender ideologies or a comparative advantage in the labour market. But what happens later in life? The German Socio-Economic Panel now provides researchers with a continuous measure of working hours across decades of couples' lives, enabling a dual trajectory analysis to explore couples' long-term specialisation patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.02.002DOI Listing

Realization of fertility intentions by different time frames.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Jun 16;24:34-46. Epub 2015 Feb 16.

Research Department, Statistics Norway, PB 8131 Dep., 0033 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

This paper focuses on the realization of positive fertility intentions with different time frames. The analyses are based on a unique combination of survey data and information from Norwegian administrative registers on childbearing in the years following the complete selected sample. Guided by the theoretical and empirical framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), the results suggest that a fertility intention's time frame is relevant for childbearing behaviour, but the patterns are somewhat different for respondents who were childless at the time of the interview compared to those who already had children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.02.001DOI Listing
June 2015
4 Reads

Informal caring in England and Wales--Stability and transition between 2001 and 2011.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Jun 25;24:21-33. Epub 2015 Apr 25.

EPSRC Care Life Cycle, Social Sciences, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK; ESRC Centre for Population Change, Social Sciences, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK.

Informal caring is of significant and increasing importance in the context of an ageing population, growing pressures on public finances, and increasing life expectancy at older ages. A growing body of research has examined the characteristics associated with informal care provision, as well as the impact of caring for the carer's physical and mental health, and their economic activity. However, only a relatively small body of literature has focused on the study of 'repeat' or continuous caring over time, and the factors associated with such trajectories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.04.003DOI Listing
June 2015
3 Reads

Inter-generational contact from a network perspective.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Jun 18;24:10-20. Epub 2015 Apr 18.

National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Pathways for resource--or other--exchanges within families have long been known to be dependent on the structure of relations between generations (Agree et al., 2005; Fuller-Thomson et al., 1997; Silverstein, 2011; Treas & Marcum, 2011). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4458302PMC
June 2015
1 Read

Beyond Mannheim: Conceptualising how people 'talk' and 'do' generations in contemporary society.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Jun 17;24:1-9. Epub 2015 Apr 17.

School of Social Work and Social Policy, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

In the 1920s, Karl Mannheim developed the concept of generation in a treatise entitled 'The Problem of Generations' (1952/1928). His conceptualisation pertained to what Pilcher (1994) calls 'social generations', that is, cohort members who have similar attitudes, worldview and beliefs grounded in their shared context and experiences accumulated over time. It is often argued that social generation has been hollowed out as a sociological concept, yet it continues to feature prominently in policy debates, media, academic literature and everyday talk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.03.001DOI Listing
June 2015
2 Reads

Sense of coherence changes with aging over the second half of life.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 7;23:98-107. Epub 2015 Jan 7.

Karolinska Institute and Stockholm University, Aging Research Center, Gävlegatan 16, 133 30 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Sense of coherence (SOC), a concept reflecting meaningfulness, comprehensibility, and manageability of life, has been demonstrated to have strong connections to positive outcomes such as good health. However, less is known about how SOC changes over the second half of life as age-related deficits accumulate. We used longitudinal samples of mature adults that included the oldest-old to track change in SOC from age 55 to 101. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.12.002DOI Listing
March 2015
1 Read

Romantic relationship formation, maintenance and changes in personal networks.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 24;23:86-97. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

Department of Sociology/ICS, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

According to the social withdrawal hypothesis, a personal network becomes smaller when a person starts dating, cohabitates and marries. This phenomenon is widely established in the literature. However, these studies were usually done with cross-sectional data. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10402608140004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.12.001DOI Listing
March 2015
3 Reads

Racial/ethnic disparities in midlife depressive symptoms: The role of cumulative disadvantage across the life course.

Authors:
Dana Garbarski

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 24;23:67-85. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

Loyola University Chicago, Department of Sociology, 1032 West Sheridan Road, 440 Coffey Hall, Chicago, IL 60660, United States. Electronic address:

This study examines the role of cumulative disadvantage mechanisms across the life course in the production of racial and ethnic disparities in depressive symptoms at midlife, including the early life exposure to health risk factors, the persistent exposure to health risk factors, and varying mental health returns to health risk factors across racial and ethnic groups. Using data from the over-40 health module of the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY) 1979 cohort, this study uses regression decomposition techniques to attend to differences in the composition of health risk factors across racial and ethnic groups, differences by race and ethnicity in the association between depressive symptoms and health risk factors, and how these differences combine within racial and ethnic groups to produce group-specific levels of--and disparities in--depressive symptoms at midlife. While the results vary depending on the groups being compared across race/ethnicity and gender, the study documents how racial and ethnic mental health disparities at midlife stem from life course processes of cumulative disadvantage through both unequal distribution and unequal associations across racial and ethnic groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.12.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4458301PMC
March 2015
3 Reads

Intergenerational cohesiveness and later geographic distance to parents in the Netherlands.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 18;23:56-66. Epub 2014 Jul 18.

Department of Sociology/ICS, Utrecht University, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Although spatial proximity no doubt facilitates interaction and assistance, no research to date has addressed the extent to which children who are emotionally closer to parents choose to live nearby. Using the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (N = 1055), this research evaluates the relationship between parent-child cohesion at age 15 (measured retrospectively among individuals 18-35 in 2002-2004) and later geographic distance between young adults and their parents in 2006-2007. Importantly, this research is the first to consider the relationship between intergenerational solidarity and young adult's later geographic proximity to parents, proximity known to contribute to exchanges of support between the generations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.07.001DOI Listing
March 2015
2 Reads

Moving and union formation in the transition to adulthood in the United States.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 24;23:44-55. Epub 2014 Aug 24.

Department of Human Sciences, Institute for Population Research, The Ohio State University, United States. Electronic address:

Although previous research has paid attention to profound changes in union formation among young adults, few studies have incorporated moving events in the estimation of union formation. Moreover, less attention has been given to detailed moving experiences in young adults' life course. Using panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we examine the relationship between moving and first union formation of young adults in the United States. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10402608140003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.08.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4455549PMC
March 2015
2 Reads

Self-esteem growth trajectory from adolescence to mid-adulthood and its predictors in adolescence.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 24;23:29-43. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland.

The present study examined the trajectory of self-esteem from adolescence to mid-adulthood and its predictors in adolescence in a prospective cohort sample with a 26-year follow-up. Participants of a Finnish cohort study in 1983 at 16 years (N = 2194) were followed up at ages 22 (N = 1656), 32 (N = 1471) and 42 (N = 1334) years. Self-esteem development was analyzed using latent growth curve models with parental socioeconomic status (SES), parental divorce, school achievement, daily smoking, and heavy drinking as time invariant covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.12.003DOI Listing
March 2015
19 Reads

Fertility intentions and outcomes: Implementing the Theory of Planned Behavior with graphical models.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 23;23:14-28. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

University of Florence, Italy.

This paper studies fertility intentions and their outcomes, analyzing the complete path leading to fertility behavior according to the social psychological model of Theory Planned Behavior (TPB). We move beyond existing research using graphical models to have a precise understanding, and a formal description, of the developmental fertility decision-making process. Our findings yield new results for the Italian case which are empirically robust and theoretically coherent, adding important insights to the effectiveness of the TPB for fertility research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.12.004DOI Listing
March 2015
3 Reads

Reconsidering adulthood: Relative constructions of adult identity during the transition to adulthood.

Adv Life Course Res 2015 Mar 23;23:1-13. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

Department of Sociology, University at Buffalo, SUNY, 430 Park Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260, United States. Electronic address:

This article explores how peers influence the process of adult identity development during the transition to adulthood. The influence of peers leads to similar individuals adopting differing definitions of adulthood. Utilizing data from interviews with 60 young adults who are all exactly 30 years old, findings indicate that peer groups can partly explain variation in self-perceived definitions of adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.12.005DOI Listing

Trajectories of intimate partnerships, sexual attitudes, desire and satisfaction.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Dec 1;22:62-72. Epub 2014 Jul 1.

Department of Sociology, University of Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

This research addresses the interrelations existing between trajectories of intimate partnerships and attitudes toward sexuality, sexual desire, and sexual satisfaction. It is based on a dataset of 600 adults aged 25-46 living in Geneva (Switzerland) and uses innovative multivariate techniques for clustering life trajectories. The results emphasize the diversity of men's and women's trajectories of intimate partnerships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.06.001DOI Listing
December 2014

Economic hardship in childhood and adult health trajectories: An alternative approach to investigating life-course processes.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Dec 12;22:49-61. Epub 2014 May 12.

Department of Sociology, Social Science Centre, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5C2, Canada. Electronic address:

In this study, we advance existing research on health as a life course process by conceptualizing and measuring both childhood disadvantage and health as dynamic processes in order to investigate the relationship between trajectories of early life socioeconomic conditions and trajectories of health in midlife. We utilize a trajectory-based analysis that takes a disaggregated, person-centered approach to understand dynamic trajectories of health as latent variables that reflect the timing, duration and change in health conditions experienced by respondents over a period of 10 years in midlife as a function of stability and change in exposure to economic hardship in early life. Results from repeated-measures latent class analysis of longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics indicate that economic hardship in childhood has long-term, negative consequences for health both among individuals beginning life and remaining in poverty as well as those moving into poverty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4654967PMC
December 2014
1 Read

Multi-partner fertility is associated with lower grandparental investment from in-laws in Finland.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Dec 24;22:41-8. Epub 2014 Apr 24.

Väestöliitto (The Finnish Family Federation), Population Research Institute, Finland.

Divorce and remarriage influence family relations, yet few studies explore changes in grandparenting due to family recomposition. We study variations in grandparental investment when the parents have children from several unions. Using nationally representative data of younger adults from the Generational Transmissions in Finland survey conducted in 2012 (sample n = 760 parents), we compare the grandchild care that parents report having received from their parents and parents-in-law. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.04.003DOI Listing
December 2014
1 Read

Life course transitions and racial and ethnic differences in smoking prevalence.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Dec 4;22:27-40. Epub 2014 Apr 4.

Department of Sociology and Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA.

This study aims to: (1) describe trajectories in the likelihood of smoking by racial or ethnic group across the transition to adulthood, (2) identify the influence of achieved socioeconomic status (SES) and the nature and timing of adult role transitions, and (3) determine the extent to which achieved SES and adult roles mediate the effects of race and ethnicity on smoking. The analyses use U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.03.002DOI Listing
December 2014
3 Reads

Parents' health and children's help.

Authors:
John Ermisch

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Dec 17;22:15-26. Epub 2014 Sep 17.

Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, Manor Road, Oxford OX1 3UQ, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

The paper uses 'within-parent' variation to study how changes in British parents' health, marital status and financial resources affect receipt of help from their children. The analysis considers two measures of children's help (one enumerating specific activities and another reporting assistance with particular difficulties) and two measures of parents' health: self-reported assessments of overall health and enumeration of difficulties with activities of daily living. It uses three longitudinal data sets from Britain: the British Household Panel Study, Understanding Society and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.09.001DOI Listing
December 2014

Explaining patterns in the school-to-work transition: An analysis using optimal matching.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Dec 28;22:1-14. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

National Institute of Economic and Social Research, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This paper studies the school to work transition in the UK with the aim of achieving a richer understanding of individuals' trajectories in the five years after reaching school leaving age. By applying the technique of 'optimal matching' on data from 1991 to 2008, we group individuals' trajectories post-16, and identify a small number of distinct transition patterns. Our results suggest that while 9 out of 10 young people have generally positive experiences post-16, the remaining individuals exhibit a variety of histories that might warrant policy attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.07.002DOI Listing
December 2014

Residential context, migration and fertility in a modern urban society.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 13;21:168-82. Epub 2014 Jan 13.

Centre for Multilevel Modelling, University of Bristol, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This study examines fertility variation by residential context in Britain. While there is a large literature on fertility trends and determinants in industrialised countries, to date longitudinal research on spatial fertility variation has been restricted to the Nordic countries. We study fertility variation across regions of different sizes, and within urban regions by distinguishing between central cities and suburbs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.01.001DOI Listing
September 2014

Geographical variations in fertility and transition to second and third birth in Britain.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 27;21:149-67. Epub 2013 Nov 27.

ESRC Centre for Population Change - University of St Andrews (UK), School of Geography & Geosciences, Irvine Building, St Andrews KY16 9AL, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Geographical variations in fertility have been observed within several countries in Northern Europe, with higher fertility in rural areas, smaller settlements and city suburbs. However, the processes underlying such fertility variations across residential contexts are not well understood. This paper contributes to the on-going debate by looking at local variations in fertility in Britain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.11.004DOI Listing
September 2014
2 Reads

Value of children and fertility: Results from a cross-cultural comparative survey in eighteen areas in Asia, Africa, Europe and America.

Authors:
Bernhard Nauck

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 31;21:135-48. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Department of Sociology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Thueringer Weg 9, D-09107 Chemnitz, Germany. Electronic address:

For explaining cross-cultural differences in fertility behavior, this paper conjoins three complementary approaches: the 'demand'-based economic theory of fertility (ETF), a revised version of the 'supply'-based 'value-of-children' (VOC)-approach as a special theory of the general social theory of social production functions and the framing theory of variable rationality. A comprehensive model is specified that encompasses the variable efficiency of having children for the optimization of physical well-being and of social esteem of (potential) parents; it also accounts for the variable rationality of fertility decisions. The model is tested with a data set that comprises information on VOC and fertility of women within the social settings of 18 areas (Peoples Republic of China, North and South India, Indonesia, Palestine, Israel, Turkey, Ghana, South Africa, East and West Germany, the Czech Republic, France, Russia, Poland, Estonia, the United States and Jamaica). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.01.004DOI Listing
September 2014

Is fertility contagious? Using panel data to disentangle mechanisms of social network influences on fertility decisions.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 27;21:123-34. Epub 2013 Oct 27.

University of Mannheim, Germany. Electronic address:

Using panel data (N = 1.679 married and cohabiting couples), this paper investigates the presence and causal mechanisms of social contagion processes regarding first births. Results confirmed the hypothesized positive association between the number of network members (friends, acquaintances, siblings) with young children and the respondents' transition rate into parenthood, particularly among younger couples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.10.001DOI Listing
September 2014

Fertility and social interaction at the workplace: Does childbearing spread among colleagues?

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 19;21:113-22. Epub 2013 Dec 19.

Chair of Population Studies, University of Bamberg, Feldkirchenstraße 21, D-96052 Bamberg, Germany. Electronic address:

This research investigates whether colleagues' fertility influences women's transitions to parenthood. We draw on Linked-Employer-Employee data (1993-2007) from the German Institute for Employment Research comprising 33,119 female co-workers in 6579 firms. Results from discrete-time hazard models reveal social interaction effects on fertility among women employed in the same firm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.12.001DOI Listing
September 2014
17 Reads

Fertility after repartnering in the Netherlands: Parenthood or commitment?

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 29;21:101-12. Epub 2013 Aug 29.

Tilburg University, The Netherlands.

In this paper, we focus on childbearing after the dissolution of the first marital union. The discussion of what drives fertility decisions after dissolution has been largely dominated by the arguments that: (a) people want to have a child as a way to achieve the adult status of parenthood (the "parenthood hypothesis"), and that (b) a shared child can signal the partners' commitment to each other (the "commitment hypothesis"). Earlier studies have reported mixed findings for these hypotheses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.08.003DOI Listing
September 2014
1 Read

Dyadic fertility decisions in a life course perspective.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 27;21:87-100. Epub 2013 Nov 27.

Max-Planck-Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging, Amalienstr. 33, 80799 Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

This paper focuses on how couples arrive at joint decisions with regard to fertility behaviour. We build upon previous work on decision rules that couples might apply as heuristics in order to arrive at joint action in cases in which partners' fertility preferences differ. Previous research found either stronger effects of women's desires or symmetrical effects of both spouses' desires and net benefits associated with (further) children on proceptive behaviour. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10402608130004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.11.003DOI Listing
September 2014
1 Read

Unintended pregnancy in the life-course perspective.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 12;21:74-86. Epub 2014 Apr 12.

Institute for Social Science Research on Women (SoFFI F.), Bugginger Str. 38, D 79114 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: In this contribution unintended pregnancies are studied as a multidimensional concept from a life-course perspective. Standardized data on the prevalence of unwanted pregnancies in different stages of women's life course are combined with a qualitative analysis of the subjective meaning of "unwanted" and of subjective explanations of getting pregnant unintentionally.

Methods: The study "frauen leben 3" on family planning in the life course of 20-44 year old women was conducted on behalf of the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) from 2011 until 2014 in four federal states in Germany. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.04.002DOI Listing
September 2014
1 Read

Socioeconomic differences in the unemployment and fertility nexus: Evidence from Denmark and Germany.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 7;21:59-73. Epub 2014 Feb 7.

Stockholm University Demography Unit, Sweden.

Studies that have investigated the role of unemployment in childbearing decisions have often shown no or only barely significant results. We argue that many of these "non-findings" may be attributed to a neglect of group-specific differences in behavior. In this study, we examine how the association of unemployment and fertility varies by socio-demographic subgroups using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) and from Danish population registers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.01.007DOI Listing
September 2014

Compensating dissatisfaction in the job by turning to the family? The impact of current occupation on timing of first births in Germany.

Authors:
Katharina Lutz

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 13;21:43-58. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

University of Frankfurt, Department of Social Sciences, PEG, Hauspostfach 15, Grüneburgplatz 1, 60323 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Electronic address:

The current study analyses the impact of occupational activity on the timing of first births in Germany. Empirical evidence on the topic in a country with a standardized education system and a credential labor market is still rather limited, despite several recent studies. Moreover, previous research usually lacks the theoretical explanation of why women working in certain occupations are more likely to give birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.03.003DOI Listing
September 2014

On the positive correlation between education and fertility intentions in Europe: Individual- and country-level evidence.

Authors:
Maria Rita Testa

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 31;21:28-42. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), Vienna Institute of Demography, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wohllebengasse 12-14, 6th Floor, 1040 Vienna, Austria; Vienna University of Economics and Business, Welthandelsplatz 1, Building D4, 1020 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Increasing shares of European women are making large investments in their human capital. Whether and to what extent these investments are in conflict with reproductive behaviour are issues that have repercussions for fertility levels. Using two Eurobarometer survey data (2006 and 2011) on individuals clustered in the 27 EU countries, I investigate the relationship between women's education and lifetime fertility intentions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.01.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4477715PMC
September 2014
2 Reads

Educational differences in fertility desires, intentions and behaviour: A life course perspective.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 15;21:10-27. Epub 2013 Dec 15.

ESRC Centre for Population Change, University of Southampton, UK.

Despite a long tradition of studying the relationship between education and fertility outcomes less is known about how educational differences in fertility intentions are formed and translated into achieved births over the life course. This paper provides new insights using data from a large cohort study and Miller's Traits-Desires-Intentions-Behaviour framework for understanding childbearing. We examine how parental aspirations for education, educational ability in childhood, and educational attainment in young adulthood relate to: males' and females' fertility desires in adolescence; fertility intentions in early adulthood; and educational differences in the achievement of fertility intentions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.12.003DOI Listing
September 2014

Fertility analysis from a life course perspective.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Sep 4;21:1-9. Epub 2014 Apr 4.

Universität Bremen, Bibliothekstraße, 28359 Bremen, Germany.

In the past decades, the life course approach has gained importance in studies on the timing and incidence of childbirth. It allows a complex analysis of fertility. Following this approach, family formation and parenthood are perceived as instrumental goals of individual welfare production over the life course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.04.001DOI Listing
September 2014
1 Read

When Do Socioeconomic Resources Matter Most in Early Childhood?

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Jun;20:56-59

University of Colorado Denver.

Research has established the importance of early socioeconomic advantage and disadvantage for understanding later life outcomes, but less is known about change in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and child development within the period of early childhood. Competing hypotheses drawn from the literature posited: (1) a stable SES-development relationship, (2) a stronger relationship in infancy than at older ages, and (3) a stronger relationship at school entry than at younger ages. Using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001-2007), we followed 8600 children from infancy through kindergarten entry to model change over time in the relationship between socioeconomic status and cognitive and behavioral development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.03.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4242154PMC
June 2014
1 Read

Linking Specialization and Seriousness in Criminal Careers.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Jun;20:43-55

Some research suggests that recidivistic criminal offending patterns typically progress in a stepping-stone manner from less to more serious forms of offending from childhood to adolescence to adulthood. Whether the progression into more serious types of offending reflects patterns of crime specialization is a matter of debate. Using data from 449 adolescent offenders who were interviewed at six time points between adolescence and adulthood, we present a new method for measuring crime specialization and apply it to an assessment of the link between specialization and offense seriousness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2014.01.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4240636PMC

Understanding multiple levels of norms about teen pregnancy and their relationships to teens' sexual behaviors.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Jun;20:1-15

University of Colorado Boulder.

Researchers seeking to understand teen sexual behaviors often turn to age norms, but they are difficult to measure quantitatively. Previous work has usually inferred norms from behavioral patterns or measured group-level norms at the individual level, ignoring multiple reference groups. Capitalizing on the multilevel design of the Add Health survey, we measure teen pregnancy norms perceived by teenagers, as well as average norms at the school and peer network levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4120999PMC
June 2014
6 Reads

Pathways to adulthood and changes in health-promoting behaviors.

Authors:
Adrianne Frech

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Mar 12;19:40-9. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

The University of Akron, United States. Electronic address:

The transition to adulthood in the US has become increasingly diverse over the last fifty years, leaving young adults without a normative pathway to adulthood. Using Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N=7803), I draw from a cumulative advantages/disadvantages (CAD) perspective to examine the relationships between union formation, parenthood, college attendance, full-time employment, home-leaving, and changes in health-promoting behaviors between adolescence and young adulthood. I find that men and women who marry, cohabit, or attend college during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood report fewer losses in healthy behaviors over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.12.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4040444PMC

Marrying after arriving: The role of individuals' networks for immigrant choice of partner's origin.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Mar 20;19:28-39. Epub 2013 Nov 20.

Population Europe - Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Markgrafenstrasse 37, 10117 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

This paper analyses the impact of social networks on the transition to marriage among recently arrived, single, immigrants in Spain. Our hypothesis states that the existence of individual networks at the moment of arrival strongly influences partner selection. Using the 2007 Spanish National Immigration Survey we apply competing risk models to estimate the likelihood of endogamous or exogamous marriage, for men and women separately. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.10.003DOI Listing

Factors of change and cumulative factors in self-rated health trajectories: a systematic review.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Mar 13;19:14-27. Epub 2013 Nov 13.

Swiss National Center of Competence for Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives, Institute of Demographic and Life Course Studies, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

In Western societies, self-rated health (SRH) inequalities have increased over the past decades. Longitudinal studies suggest that the SRH trajectories of disadvantaged populations are declining at a faster rate than those of advantaged populations, resulting in an accumulation of (dis)advantages over the life course, as postulated by the Cumulative Advantage/Disadvantage (CAD) model. The objectives of this study are to conduct a systematic review of the factors influencing SRH trajectories in the adult population and to assess to what extent the findings support the CAD model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.11.002DOI Listing

Age and socioeconomic inequalities in health: examining the role of lifestyle choices.

Adv Life Course Res 2014 Mar 8;19:1-13. Epub 2013 Nov 8.

Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute, P.O. Box 8024 Dep, NO-0030 Oslo, Norway; UMB School of Economics and Business, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 5003, NO-1432 Ås, Norway. Electronic address:

The role of lifestyle choices in explaining how socioeconomic inequalities in health vary with age has received little attention. This study explores how the income and education gradients in both important lifestyle choices and self-assessed health (SAH) vary with age. Repeated cross-sectional data from Norway (n=25,016) and logistic regression models are used to track the income and education gradients in physical activity, smoking, consumption of fruit and vegetables and SAH over the age range 25-79 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.10.002DOI Listing
March 2014
3 Reads

Individualization, opportunity and jeopardy in American women's work and family lives: a multi-state sequence analysis.

Adv Life Course Res 2013 Dec 8;18(4):296-318. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 3M7. Electronic address:

Life course sociologists are increasingly concerned with how the general character of biographies is transformed over historical time--and with what this means for individual life chances. The individualization thesis, which contends that contemporary biographies are less predictable, less orderly and less collectively determined than were those lived before the middle of the 20th century, suggests that life courses have become both more internally dynamic and more diverse across individuals. Whether these changes reflect expanding opportunities or increasing jeopardy is a matter of some debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.09.003DOI Listing
December 2013

The influence of working later in life on memory functioning.

Adv Life Course Res 2013 Dec 14;18(4):288-95. Epub 2013 Sep 14.

Department of Human Development and Family Science, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, United States. Electronic address:

This article examines the influence of work status on subsequent memory trajectories in later years. Using a subsample of 8165 older adults who participated in the Health and Retirement Study and were 65 years or older in 2002, we examined work status and memory functioning after controlling for age and demographic characteristics. In growth curve analyses, work status predicted the rate of immediate memory decline from 2002 to 2006 with full-time employed individuals showing less immediate memory decline after controlling for age. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10402608130002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.09.001DOI Listing
December 2013
3 Reads

Influences of family structure experiences on the risk of premarital sexual initiation during adolescence in Cameroon.

Adv Life Course Res 2013 Dec 20;18(4):270-87. Epub 2013 Sep 20.

University of Montreal, Public Health Research Institute, PRONUSTIC Research Laboratory & Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CR-CHUM), C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal H3C 3J7, Canada. Electronic address:

The link between family structure experiences and premarital sexual initiation in sub-Saharan African settings has been investigated using primarily the socialization perspective. This article tests additional hypotheses using the perspectives of change and duration of exposure. The analyses are based on time-dependent retrospective data on family living arrangements from a sample of 1182 individuals aged 12-24 years old, drawn from the Cameroon Family and Health Survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2013.09.002DOI Listing
December 2013
1 Read