203 results match your criteria Advances In Cognitive Psychology[Journal]


Lunching for Relaxation or Cognitive Control? After-Effects of Social and Solitary Meals.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;14(1):14-20. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Germany.

Meals, especially when taken in company, may affect the diner's mood. In line with findings that mood may alter cognitive control, a previous study by the authors found that after solitary meals, the was diminished as compared to a premeal condition, whereas a social meal did not reduce the Simon effect. Here, we investigated whether this finding generalizes across different demands in cognitive control and, therefore, applied a flanker task. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/236
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0234-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6104683PMC
March 2018
7 Reads

This Is How To Be a Rule Breaker.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;14(1):21-37. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Department of Psychology, Julius-Maximilians-University of Würzburg, Germany.

Violating rules comes with cognitive conflict for the rule-breaker. Here, we probed for means to reduce the behavioral effects of this conflict by studying the combined impact of recency and frequency of rule violations. We found that violating a rule facilitated the initiation of a subsequent rule violation, while notable costs relative to rule-based responding remained in measures of response execution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0235-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6096259PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Dear Readers, Authors, Reviewers and Editorial Board Members of .

Authors:

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;14(1):1-2. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

In this first newsletter of 2018, we wanted to inform you about the current status of the journal. As our co-editor in chief (RL ) recently moved from the University of Finance and Management (UFMFM) in Warsaw to the Adam Mickiewicz University (AMU) in Poznań, the ownership of the journal or the editorial board might possibly change in the near future. Currently, different options are explored, and we will keep you informed on future changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0232-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086927PMC

Elucidating the Functional Relationship Between Speed of Information Processing and Speed-, Capacity-, and Memory-Related Aspects of Psychometric Intelligence.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;13(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Fabrikstrasse 8, CH -3012 Bern, Switzerland.

Numerous studies reported a positive relationship between speed of information processing (SIP) and the factor of intelligence. Only very few studies, however, examined SI P's relationship to speed-, capacity-, and memory-related aspects of psychometric intelligence. In order to further elucidate this relationship, a Hick reaction time task and the Berlin Intelligence Structure (BIS) test were administered to 240 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0233-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086928PMC

The Effects of Heuristics and Apophenia on Probabilistic Choice.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):280-295. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Given a repeated choice between two or more options with independent and identically distributed reward probabilities, overall pay-offs can be maximized by the exclusive selection of the option with the greatest likelihood of reward. The tendency to match response proportions to reward contingencies is suboptimal. Nevertheless, this behaviour is well documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0228-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5776328PMC
December 2017
1 Read

Nonspecific Retroactive Interference in Children and Adults.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):314-322. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK.

Retroactive interference (RI) is a primary source of forgetting and occurs when new information disrupts or damages an existing memory. Prior research has shown that children are susceptible to RI when the to-be-remembered and interfering information are similar, but it is unclear whether they are also vulnerable RI . This form of interference occurs when a memory is disrupted by an unrelated and dissimilar distractor task, and the present study explored six- and seven-year-olds susceptibility to such nonspecific RI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0231-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5771508PMC
December 2017

Different Paths to Different Strategies? Unique Associations Among Facets of the Dark Triad, Empathy, and Trait Emotional Intelligence.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):306-313. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Institute of Psychology, University of Pécs, Hungary.

Emotional deficits, such as limited empathy, are considered a fundamental aspect of the traits (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy). However, the nature and extent of such deficiencies seem to vary among dark personalities. By applying multidimensional measures of empathy, emotional intelligence, and the Dark Triad, we aimed to investigate in more detail how individuals high in various dark traits understand and evaluate emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0230-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5771371PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

The Effects of Similarity on High-Level Visual Working Memory Processing.

Authors:
Li Yang Lei Mo

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):296-305. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Centre for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Similarity has been observed to have opposite effects on visual working memory (VWM) for complex images. How can these discrepant results be reconciled? To answer this question, we used a change-detection paradigm to test visual working memory performance for multiple real-world objects. We found that working memory for moderate similarity items was worse than that for either high or low similarity items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0229-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5771247PMC
December 2017

Effects of Language Background on Gaze Behavior: A Crosslinguistic Comparison Between Korean and German Speakers.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):267-279. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Department of Linguistics and Asian/Middle-Eastern Languages, San Diego State University, United States of America.

Languages differ in how they categorize spatial relations: While German differentiates between containment () and support () with distinct spatial words-(a) ("put pen cap"); (b) ("put cap pen")-Korean uses a single spatial word () collapsing (a) and (b) into one semantic category, particularly when the spatial enclosure is tight-fit. Korean uses a different word (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0227-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5770776PMC
December 2017

Erratum: Developmental Changes in Mental Rotation: A Dissociation Between Object-Based and Egocentric Transformations.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):188-189. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Germany.

[This corrects the article on p. 67 in vol. 12, PMID: 27512525. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0218-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5669630PMC
June 2017
4 Reads

A Diffusive-Particle Theory of Free Recall.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):201-213. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Department of Neuroscience, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Diffusive models of free recall have been recently introduced in the memory literature, but their potential remains largely unexplored. In this paper, a diffusive model of short-term verbal memory is considered, in which the psychological state of the subject is encoded as the instantaneous position of a particle diffusing over a semantic graph. The model is particularly suitable for studying the dependence of free-recall observables on the semantic properties of the words to be recalled. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/224
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0220-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655394PMC
September 2017
5 Reads

Selective Effects of Sport Expertise on the Stages of Mental Rotation Tasks With Object-Based and Egocentric Transformations.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):248-256. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

China Institute of Sport Science, Beijing, China.

It is well established that motor expertise is linked to superior mental rotation ability, but few studies have attempted to explain the factors that influence the stages of mental rotation in sport experts. Some authors have argued that athletes are faster in the perceptual and decision stages but not in the rotation stages of object-based transformations; however, stimuli related to sport have not been used to test mental rotation with egocentric transformations. Therefore, 24 adolescent elite divers and 23 adolescent nonathletes completed mental rotation tasks with object-based and egocentric transformations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0225-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5647158PMC
September 2017
7 Reads

Gender Classification Based on Eye Movements: A Processing Effect During Passive Face Viewing.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):232-240. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Department of Computer Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Studies have revealed superior face recognition skills in females, partially due to their different eye movement strategies when encoding faces. In the current study, we utilized these slight but important differences and proposed a model that estimates the gender of the viewers and classifies them into two subgroups, males and females. An eye tracker recorded participant's eye movements while they viewed images of faces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0223-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5648518PMC
September 2017

Examining Developmental Changes in Children's Motor Imagery: A Longitudinal Study.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):257-266. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Australian Catholic University, School of Psychology, Melbourne, Australia.

Using a longitudinal design, the present study examined developmental changes in the employment of (motor) imagery strategies on the hand laterality judgment (HLJ) task in children. All children ( = 23) participated three times, at ages of 5, 6, and 7 years. Error percentages and response durations were compared to a priori defined sinusoid models, representing different strategies to judge hand laterality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0226-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5645803PMC
September 2017

Daytime Effect of Monochromatic Blue Light on EEG Activity Depends on Duration and Timing of Exposure in Young Men.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):241-247. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Institite of Applied Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.

Growing evidence suggests an alerting effect of monochromatic blue light on brain activity. Little is known about the moderation of those effects by timing and duration of exposure. The present electroencephalography (EEG ) study examined such moderations on delta, theta, alpha1, alpha2, and beta EEG bands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0224-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5643565PMC
September 2017
2 Reads

Trypophobic Discomfort is Spatial-Frequency Dependent.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):224-231. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Faculty of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Clusters of holes, such as those in a lotus seedpod, induce trypophobic discomfort. Previous research has demonstrated that high-contrast energy at midrange spatial frequencies in images causes trypophobic discomfort. The present study examined the effects on discomfort of eliminating various spatial frequency components from the images to reveal how each spatial frequency contributes to the discomfort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0222-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5636197PMC
September 2017
1 Read

Repetition Blindness for Faces: A Comparison of Face Identity, Expression, and Gender Judgments.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):214-223. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

School of Applied Psychology, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Repetition blindness (RB) refers to the impairment in reporting two identical targets within a rapid serial visual presentation stream. While numerous studies have demonstrated RB for words and picture of objects, very few studies have examined RB for faces. This study extended this research by examining RB when the two faces were (same emotion and identity), (same individual, different emotion), and (different individual, same emotion) for identity, gender, and expression judgment tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0221-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5636015PMC
September 2017
7 Reads

Processing of Internal and External Signals for Performance Monitoring in the Context of Emotional Faces.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):190-200. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

International Psychoanalytic University, Berlin.

Performance monitoring can be based on internal or external signals. We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate whether relating performance to external signals affects internal performance monitoring. Thirty participants performed a task in which responses were followed by faces whose expressions were partially contingent upon performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0219-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5634746PMC
September 2017

Varieties of Confidence Intervals.

Authors:
Denis Cousineau

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):140-155. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

École de Psychologie, Université d'Ottawa, Canada.

Error bars are useful to understand data and their interrelations. Here, it is shown that confidence intervals of the mean (CI s) can be adjusted based on whether the objective is to highlight differences between measures or not and based on the experimental design (within- or between-group designs). Confidence intervals (CIs) can also be adjusted to take into account the sampling mechanisms and the population size (if not infinite). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0214-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5511611PMC
June 2017
1 Read

My Command, My Act: Observation Inflation in Face-To-Face Interactions.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):166-176. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Kassel, Holländische Str. 36-38, 34127 Kassel, Germany.

When observing another agent performing simple actions, these actions are systematically remembered as one's own after a brief period of time. Such observation has been documented as a robust phenomenon in studies in which participants passively observed videotaped actions. Whether observation inflation also holds for direct, face-to-face interactions is an open question that we addressed in two experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0217-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5506749PMC
June 2017
1 Read

Training of Visual-Spatial Working Memory in Preschool Children.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):177-187. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany.

Working memory, the ability to store and manipulate information is of great importance for scholastic achievement in children. In this study, we report four studies in which preschoolers were trained on a visual-spatial working memory span task, namely the Corsi Block Task. Across all four studies, we found significant training effects for the intervention groups compared to active control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0217-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5504534PMC
June 2017
16 Reads

Words That Move Us. The Effects of Sentences on Body Sway.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):156-165. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Institute of Sport Science, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany.

According to the embodied cognition perspective, cognitive systems and perceptuo-motor systems are deeply intertwined and exert a causal effect on each other. A prediction following from this idea is that cognitive activity can result in subtle changes in observable movement. In one experiment, we tested whether reading various sentences resulted in changes in postural sway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0215-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5502579PMC
June 2017
1 Read

Generalized Benford's Law as a Lie Detector.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):121-127. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Laboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale de Lille, University of Lille I, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Cité Scientifique, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.

The first significant (leftmost nonzero) digit of seemingly random numbers often appears to conform to a logarithmic distribution, with more 1s than 2s, more 2s than 3s, and so forth, a phenomenon known as . When humans try to produce random numbers, they often fail to conform to this distribution. This feature grounds the so-called , aiming at detecting fabricated data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0212-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5504535PMC
June 2017
5 Reads

Human Eye Movements After Viewpoint Shifts in Edited Dynamic Scenes are Under Cognitive Control.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):128-139. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria.

We tested whether viewers have cognitive control over their eye movements after cuts in videos of real-world scenes. In the critical conditions, scene cuts constituted panoramic view shifts: Half of the view following a cut matched the view on the same scene before the cut. We manipulated the viewing task between two groups of participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0213-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5502321PMC

Consequences of Learned Helplessness and Recognition of the State of Cognitive Exhaustion in Persons with Mild Intellectual Disability.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):42-51. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, ul. Ingardena 6, 30-060, Kraków, Poland.

Persons with intellectual disability are a group at risk of being exposed to overly demanding problem-solving situations, which may produce . The research was based on the informational model of learned helplessness. The consequences of exposure to an unsolvable task and the ability to recognize the symptoms of were tested in 120 students with mild intellectual disability. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/207
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0205-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5413468PMC
March 2017
7 Reads

Resolving Conflicts Between Syntax and Plausibility in Sentence Comprehension.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):11-27. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Australia.

Comprehension of plausible and implausible object- and subject-relative clause sentences with and without prepositional phrases was examined. Undergraduates read each sentence then evaluated a statement as consistent or inconsistent with the sentence. Higher acceptance of consistent than inconsistent statements indicated reliance on . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0203-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5404470PMC
March 2017
6 Reads

Empathy in Negative and Positive Interpersonal Interactions. What is the Relationship Between Central (EEG, fNIRS) and Peripheral (Autonomic) Neurophysiological Responses?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):105-120. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy.

Emotional empathy is crucial to understand how we respond to interpersonal positive or negative situations. In the present research, we aim at identifying the neural networks and the autonomic responsiveness underlying the human ability to perceive and empathize with others' emotions when positive (cooperative) or negative (uncooperative) interactions are observed. A multimethodological approach was adopted to elucidate the reciprocal interplay of autonomic (peripheral) and central (cortical) activities in empathic behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0211-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5402676PMC
March 2017
12 Reads

Exploring Modality Compatibility in the Response-Effect Compatibility Paradigm.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):97-104. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

According to , action planning is based on anticipatory perceptual representations of action-effects. This aspect of action control has been investigated in studies using the response-effect compatibility (REC) paradigm, in which responses have been shown to be facilitated if ensuing perceptual effects share codes with the response based on dimensional overlap (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0210-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5404091PMC
March 2017
5 Reads

Is Attentional Resource Allocation Across Sensory Modalities Task-Dependent?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):83-96. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Institut für Neurophysiologie und Pathophysiologie, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Human information processing is limited by attentional resources. That is, via attentional mechanisms, humans select a limited amount of sensory input to process while other sensory input is neglected. In multisensory research, a matter of ongoing debate is whether there are distinct pools of attentional resources for each sensory modality or whether attentional resources are shared across sensory modalities. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/209
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0209-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405449PMC
March 2017
1 Read

Response Preparation, Response Conflict, and the Effects of Irrelevant Flanker Stimuli.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):70-82. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Leibniz-Institut für Arbeitsforschung, Dortmund, Germany.

The present study explored how response preparation modulates the effects of as induced by irrelevant flanker stimuli. In Experiments 1 and 2, an unreliable response cue (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0208-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405448PMC

The Field of View is More Useful in Golfers than Regular Exercisers.

Authors:
Karen Murphy

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):64-69. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Australia.

Superior visual attention skills are vital for excellent sports performance. This study used a cognitive skills approach to examine expert and novice differences in a visual spatial attention task. Thirty-two males aged 18 to 42 years completed this study in return for course credit or monetary incentive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0207-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5403739PMC
March 2017
2 Reads

Distractor-Induced Blindness: A Special Case of Contingent Attentional Capture?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):52-63. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.

The detection of a salient visual target embedded in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) can be severely affected if target-like distractors are presented previously. This phenomenon, known as distractor-induced blindness (DIB), shares the prerequisites of (Folk, Remington, & Johnston, 1992). In both, target processing is transiently impaired by the presentation of distractors defined by similar features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0206-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5387411PMC

Mechanisms of Practice-Related Reductions of Dual-Task Interference with Simple Tasks: Data and Theory.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):28-41. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Institute for Psychology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany.

In dual-task situations, interference between two simultaneous tasks impairs performance. With practice, however, this impairment can be reduced. To identify mechanisms leading to a practice-related improvement in sensorimotor dual tasks, the present review applied the following general hypothesis: Sources that impair dual-task performance at the beginning of practice are associated with mechanisms for the reduction of dual-task impairment at the end of practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0204-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5385484PMC
March 2017
10 Reads

Bodily Effort Enhances Learning and Metacognition: Investigating the Relation Between Physical Effort and Cognition Using Dual-Process Models of Embodiment.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):3-10. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

E-Learning and New Media, Institute for Media Research, Faculty of Humanities, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany.

Recent embodiment research revealed that cognitive processes can be influenced by bodily cues. Some of these cues were found to elicit disparate effects on cognition. For instance, weight sensations can inhibit problem-solving performance, but were shown to increase judgments regarding recall probability (judgments of learning; JOLs) in memory tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0202-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5383935PMC

How to Cognitive Processes is as Important as How to Them. Commentary on Dipoppa et al.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(4):233-235. Epub 2016 Dec 31.

Department of Psychiatry, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen, Germany.

We are used to dealing with concepts which provide explanations for how cognitive processes are initiated. But we hardly ever spend time on trying to explain how such processes are turned off again and, thus, do not compromise subsequent processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0200-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5279852PMC
December 2016
4 Reads

Controlling Working Memory Operations by Selective Gating: The Roles of Oscillations and Synchrony.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(4):209-232. Epub 2016 Dec 31.

Center for Cognition and Decision Making, NR U HSE , Moscow, Russia.

Working memory (WM) is a primary cognitive function that corresponds to the ability to update, stably maintain, and manipulate short-term memory (ST M) rapidly to perform ongoing cognitive tasks. A prevalent neural substrate of WM coding is , the property of neurons to remain active after having been activated by a transient sensory stimulus. This persistent activity allows for online maintenance of memory as well as its active manipulation necessary for task performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0199-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5280056PMC
December 2016
3 Reads

The SNARC Effect in Number Memorization and Retrieval. What is the Impact of Congruency, Magnitude and the Exact Position of Numbers in Short-Term Memory Processing?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(4):193-208. Epub 2016 Dec 31.

Department of Cognitive Psychology, University of Finance and Management, Warsaw, Poland.

Mental representations of numbers are spatially organized along a Mental Number Line (MNL). One widely proven manifestation of this relationship is the Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) effect. It refers to the phenomenon of faster responses to numbers when there is congruency between the reaction side and the number position on the MNL . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0198-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5279854PMC
December 2016
1 Read

To What Extent Can Motor Imagery Replace Motor Execution While Learning a Fine Motor Skill?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(4):179-192. Epub 2016 Dec 31.

Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Motor imagery is generally thought to share common mechanisms with motor execution. In the present study, we examined to what extent learning a fine motor skill by motor imagery may substitute physical practice. Learning effects were assessed by manipulating the proportion of motor execution and motor imagery trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0197-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5280057PMC
December 2016
1 Read

The Effect of Unitizing Word Pairs on Recollection Versus Familiarity-Based Retrieval- Further Evidence From ERPs.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(4):169-178. Epub 2016 Dec 31.

Department of Psychology, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany.

We investigated the contribution of familiarity and recollection to associative retrieval of word pairs depending on the extent to which the pairs have been unitized through task instructions in the encoding phase. Participants in the unitization condition encoded word pairs in the context of a definition that tied them together such that they were treated as a coherent new item, while in the control condition word pairs were inserted into a sentence frame in which each word remained an individual unit. Contrasting event-related potentials (ERERPs) elicited in a subsequent recognition test by old (intact) and recombined (a new combination of two words from different study pairs) word pairs, an early frontal effect, the putative ER P correlate of familiarity-based retrieval, was apparent in the unitization condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0196-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5279856PMC
December 2016
8 Reads

Two Sides of the Same Coin: ERP and Wavelet Analyses of Visual Potentials Evoked and Induced by Task-Relevant Faces.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(4):154-168. Epub 2016 Dec 31.

Institute of Psychology, Polish Academy of Science, Warsaw, Poland.

New analysis techniques of the electroencephalogram (EEG) such as wavelet analysis open the possibility to address questions that may largely improve our understanding of the EEG and clarify its relation with related potentials (ER Ps). Three issues were addressed. 1) To what extent can early ERERP components be described as transient evoked oscillations in specific frequency bands? 2) Total EEG power (TP) after a stimulus consists of pre-stimulus baseline power (BP), evoked power (EP), and induced power (IP), but what are their respective contributions? 3) The Phase Reset model proposes that BP predicts EP, while the evoked model holds that BP is unrelated to EP; which model is the most valid one? EEG results on NoGo trials for 123 individuals that took part in an experiment with emotional facial expressions were examined by computing ERPs and by performing wavelet analyses on the raw EEG and on ER Ps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0195-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5279858PMC
December 2016
3 Reads

Editorial Special Issue: Neuronus.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(4):150-153. Epub 2016 Dec 31.

Psychophysiological Laboratory of the Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.

This special issue of the 12th volume of Advances in Cognitive Psychology is devoted to the Neuronus conference that took place in Kraków in 2015. In this editorial letter, we will focus on a selection of the materials and some follow-up research that was presented during this conference. We will also briefly introduce the conference contributions that successfully passed an external reviewing process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0194-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5279853PMC
December 2016
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Early Vocabulary in Relation to Gender, Bilingualism, Type, and Duration of Childcare.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 30;12(3):130-144. Epub 2016 Sep 30.

Department of General Linguistics, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

This study investigates the predictive value of child-related and environmental characteristics for early lexical development. The German productive vocabulary of 51 2-year-olds (27 girls), assessed via parental report, was analyzed taking children's gender, the type of early care they experienced, and their mono- versus bilingual language composition into consideration. The children were from an educationally homogeneous group of families and state-regulated daycare facilities with high structural quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0192-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5225991PMC
September 2016

Has the Standard Cognitive Reflection Test Become a Victim of Its Own Success?

Authors:
Matthew Haigh

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 30;12(3):145-149. Epub 2016 Sep 30.

Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, UK.

The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) is a hugely influential problem solving task that measures individual differences in the propensity to reflect on and override intuitive (but incorrect) solutions. The validity of this three-item measure depends on participants being naïve to its materials and objectives. Evidence from 142 volunteers recruited online suggests this is often not the case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0193-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5225989PMC
September 2016

Interplay Between the Object and Its Symbol: The Size-Congruency Effect.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 30;12(2):115-29. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Center for Studies of Psychological Application, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Grounded cognition suggests that conceptual processing shares cognitive resources with perceptual processing. Hence, conceptual processing should be affected by perceptual processing, and vice versa. The current study explored the relationship between conceptual and perceptual processing of size. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/192
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0191-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4976128PMC
August 2016
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Phenomenological Characteristics of Autobiographical Memories: Responsiveness to an Induced Negative Mood State in Those With and Without a Previous History of Depression.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 30;12(2):105-14. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Faculty of Health and Social Care, University of Chester, UK.

In this study we investigated the relative accessibility of phenomenological characteristics in autobiographical memories of 104 students with and without a previous history of a depression. Participants recalled personal events that were elicited with cue words and then asked to rate these personal events for a number of phenomenological characteristics. The characteristics were typicality, rumination, valence, importance of others, expectancy, desirability, and personal importance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0190-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4975779PMC

Do Rare Stimuli Evoke Large P3s by Being Unexpected? A Comparison of Oddball Effects Between Standard-Oddball and Prediction-Oddball Tasks.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 30;12(2):88-104. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Germany.

The P3 component of event-related potentials increases when stimuli are rarely presented. It has been assumed that this oddball effect (rare-frequent difference) reflects the unexpectedness of rare stimuli. The assumption of unexpectedness and its link to P3 amplitude were tested here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0189-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4975594PMC

The Effects of the Amount of Information on Episodic Memory Binding.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 30;12(2):79-87. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Laboratory of NeuroCognition, Faculty of Psychology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.

The effects of increasing the number of items to be remembered on associative recognition and cued recall were examined. Thirty participants were asked during encoding to determine whether two- and three-item stimuli contained natural objects, artificial objects, or both. In an associative recognition task, the participants indicated whether the stimuli were identical to those presented during encoding, were rearranged by exchanging one of the two-item stimuli for one of the three-item stimuli, or represented a new stimulus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0188-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4975570PMC
August 2016
2 Reads

Developmental Changes in Mental Rotation: A Dissociation Between Object-Based and Egocentric Transformations.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 30;12(2):67-78. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Department of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Germany.

The present study was conducted to investigate developmental changes of mental rotation performance. We compared children, adults, and older adults regarding their performance in object-based and egocentric transformations. Both children and older adults showed higher overall reaction times compared to adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0187-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4974058PMC
August 2016
7 Reads

Fast and Conspicuous? Quantifying Salience With the Theory of Visual Attention.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(1):20-38. Epub 2016 Mar 31.

Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Paderborn University.

Particular differences between an object and its surrounding cause salience, guide attention, and improve performance in various tasks. While much research has been dedicated to identifying which feature dimensions contribute to salience, much less regard has been paid to the quantitative strength of the salience caused by feature differences. Only a few studies systematically related salience effects to a common salience measure, and they are partly outdated in the light of new findings on the time course of salience effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0184-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4862317PMC

Word Meaning Frequencies Affect Negative Compatibility Effects In Masked Priming.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2016 31;12(1):50-66. Epub 2016 Mar 31.

Department of Linguistics, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, USA.

Negative compatibility effects (NCEs)-that is, slower responses to targets in related than unrelated prime-target pairs, have been observed in studies using stimulus-response (S-R) priming with stimuli like arrows and plus signs. Although there is no consensus on the underlying mechanism, explanations tend to locate NCEs within the motor-response system. A characteristic property of perceptuo-motor NCEs is a biphasic pattern of activation: A brief period in which very briefly presented (typically) masked primes facilitate processing of related targets is followed by a phase of target processing impairment. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/186
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0186-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4857211PMC
May 2016
4 Reads