221 results match your criteria Advances In Cognitive Psychology[Journal]


Disrupters as Well as Monitors: Roles of Others During and After Collaborative Remembering in the DRM Procedure.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 14;15(4):276-289. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China1.

Influence of others on true and inauthentic memory both during and after collaborative remembering have drawn extensive attention in recent years. Collaborative research has recorded three typical effects: collaborative inhibition and error pruning (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0275-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251628PMC
November 2019

Development and Validation of a Shortened Language-Specific Version of the UNRAVEL Placekeeping Ability Performance Measuring Tool.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 20;15(4):256-264. Epub 2019 Oct 20.

Laboratory of Interactive Technologies, National Processing Institute1.

The current study aimed to develop a shortened language-specific (Polish) version of the UNRAVEL task  (Altmann, Trafton, & Hambrick, 2014) and to verify whether the adaptation yields valid and reliable data about placekeeping ability. Since the original procedure is intended to investigate task performance referring to placekeeping operations under conditions of task interruptions, we used this tool in the context of a multitasking situation. The adopted version differs from the original in that we reduced the number of steps in the procedure and changed the rules set, using an acronym WINDA (a word meaning elevator in Polish). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0273-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251942PMC
October 2019

Brain Activation During Conceptual Processing of Action and Sound Verbs.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 20;15(4):236-255. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Ulm University, Department of Psychiatry, Ulm, Germany1.

Grounded cognition approaches to conceptual representations postulate a close link between conceptual knowledge and the sensorimotor brain systems. The present fMRI study tested, whether a feature-specific representation of concepts, as previously demonstrated for nouns, can also be found for action- and sound-related verbs. Participants were presented with action- and soundrelated verbs along with pseudoverbs while performing a lexical decision task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0272-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251527PMC
December 2019

How Attentional Guidance and Response Selection Boost Contextual Learning: Evidence from Eye Movement.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 14;15(4):265-275. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Faculty of Psychology, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, Tianjin, China, 3003871.

The contextual cueing effect (CCE) refers to the learned association between predictive configuration and target location, speeding up response times for targets. Previous studies have examined the underlying processes (initial perceptual process, attentional guidance, and response selection) of CCE but have not reached a general consensus on their contributions to CCE. In the present study, we used eye tracking to address this question by analyzing the oculomotor correlates of context-guided learning in visual search and eliminating indefinite response factors during response priming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0274-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246933PMC
November 2019

The Disentangled Sub-Processes Involved in Implied Motion Contributing to Food Freshness: The Neural Evidence from ERPs.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 30;15(3):185-198. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

School of Education and Psychology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China1.

Implied motion can enhance the consumer's judgment of food freshness. However, this enhancing effect has only been investigated for a few products. Furthermore, researchers have not conclusively determined whether the effects of the low-level visual sensory processing and high-level conceptual processing on food evaluation differ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0267-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218451PMC
September 2019

The Role of Time Constraints in Athletes' Egocentric Mental Rotation Performance.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 30;15(3):225-235. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

China Institute of Sport Science, Beijing, China3.

A selective effect of motor expertise on mental rotation is revealed by a high correlation between the performance of sports experts and ability on a mental rotation task. Evidence is shown by studies involving a spatial factor, such as image interference or a movement constraint. Alternatively, the time constraint, as another performance factor, is considered critical in the effect of sport expertise on mental rotation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0270-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204408PMC

The Effects of Binaural and Monoaural Beat Stimulation on Cognitive Functioning in Subjects with Different Levels of Emotionality.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 30;15(3):199-207. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Hersencentrum Mental Health Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands1.

Today, binaural and monaural beats are offered over the Internet or by mental health institutes to improve wellbeing or cognitive functioning. This improvement is explained by the assumption that the brain adapts its brainwave frequency to the frequency of the auditory beat. The present study examined the effects of binaural and monaural beat stimulation on attention and working memory in high and low emotional participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0268-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204407PMC

On the One Hand or on the Other: Trade-Off in Timing Precision in Bimanual Musical Scale Playing.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 3;15(3):216-227. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Hannover University of Music Drama and Media, Institute of Music Physiology, Hannover, Niedersachsen, Germany3.

Music performance requires simultaneously producing challenging movement sequences with the left and right hand. A key question in bimanual motor control research is whether bimanual movements are produced by combining unimanual controllers or through a dedicated bimanual controller. Here, 34 expert pianists performed musical scale playing movements with the left or right hand alone and with both hands simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0271-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737297PMC
September 2019

The Acute Effect of Exercise on Executive Function and Attention: Resistance Versus Aerobic Exercise.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2019 3;15(3):208-215. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Israel1.

Acute aerobic exercise was shown to enhance such cognitive functions as executive function (EF) and attention. Acute resistance exercise was also shown to enhance cognitive functions, however, only few studies directly compared these two exercise modalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of a typical moderate intensity resistance exercise session as compared to a typical moderate intensity aerobic session, on executive function and attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0269-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6776756PMC
September 2019

Which Information Helps Resolve Recall Failures for Familiar People's Names?

Authors:
Serge Brédart

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;14(4):160-166. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, University of Liège, Belgium1.

Personal names are particularly susceptible to retrieval failures. In the present paper, studies describing people's spontaneous strategies for resolving failures in recalling personal names as well as laboratory studies of experimentally induced resolution of name recall failures are reviewed. The review indicates that people frequently use spontaneous strategies based on a search for structural, semantic, and contextual information about the target person. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0247-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186800PMC
December 2018

Reasoning and Reading in Adults. A New Reasoning Task for Detecting the Visual Impendance Effect.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;14(4):150-159. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

The Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC-UGR). Faculty of Psychology, University of Granada1.

The visual impedance hypothesis states that at the time of reasoning, the reading context provokes visual images, which may add irrelevant details to an inference and thus could hamper reasoning. This study aims to create a new visual version of a reasoning task, similar to the traditional propositional task of relational syllogisms, but based on visuospatial components. Using such a task, it would be possible to investigate the deductive ability of relational inferences in tests without the need for reading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0246-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183551PMC
December 2018

Consistent Shifts of Stimulus Modality Induce Chunking in Sequence Learning.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 30;14(3):101-111. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Institute of Psychology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany 1.

The ability to learn event sequences is crucial to human behavior because it enables us to interact adaptively with our environment. The sensory environment is essential in guiding the acquisition of these sequences, so the role of the stimulus modality in sequence learning is of high relevance. The present study examined structured stimulus modality shifts in sequence learning using the serial reaction time task (SRT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0242-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235632PMC
September 2018

Effects of Overlap Between Consecutive Words on Speeded Typing Inform About Representation of Serial Order Within Words.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 30;14(3):126-138. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Richard-Strauss-Straße 2, 50931, Cologne, Germany2.

Typing is an everyday activity that requires people to use the correct serial order of phonological and orthographic forms of words. The evidence until now shows that different forms of representation of serial order have mixed contributions to typing performance. It is not clear whether and how representational overlap between subsequent words impacts the speed of typing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0244-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7180393PMC
September 2018

The Structure of Speed of Processing Across Cultures.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 30;14(3):112-125. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

University of Alberta, Department of Educational Psychology2.

We examined whether a general processing factor emerges when using response times for cognitive processing tasks and whether such a factor is valid across three different cultural groups (Chinese, Canadian, and Greek). Three hundred twenty university students from Canada ( = 115), China ( = 110), and Cyprus ( = 95) were assessed on an adaptation of the Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System (D-N CAS; Naglieri & Das, 1997). Three alternative models were contrasted: a distinct abilities processing speed model (Model 1) that is dictated by the latent four cognitive factors of planning, attention, simultaneous and successive (PASS) processing, a unitary ability processing speed model (Model 2) that is dictated by the response time nature of all measures, and a bifactor model (Model 3) which included the latent scores of Models 1 and 2 and served as the full model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0243-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171427PMC
September 2018

Applying Item Response Theory to Develop a Shortened Version of the Need for Cognition Scale.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 30;14(3):75-86. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug, and Child's Health (NE UROroFARBA), S ection of Psychology, University of Florence, Italy1.

The 18-item Need for Cognition Scale (NFC-18) is the most commonly used tool to measure the need for cognition. The aim of this study was to explore the possibility of developing an abbreviated version of the scale, applying the item response theory (IRTirt). Item response theory analyses suggested the exclusion of eight items that did not perform well in measuring the latent trait. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0240-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171511PMC
September 2018

Common Cognitive Control Processes Underlying Performance in Task-Switching and Dual-Task Contexts.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 30;14(3):62-74. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Institute of Psychology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany1.

In the present study, participants performed highly comparable task-switching and dual-task paradigms, and the paradigm-specific performance costs were analysed in the context of the commonly postulated core components of cognitive control (i.e., working memory updating, inhibition, and shifting). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0239-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171593PMC
September 2018

Comparing Symbolic and Nonsymbolic Number Lines: Consistent Effects of Notation Across Output Measures.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 30;14(3):87-100. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

University of Tübingen, Department of Computer Science, Experimental Cognitive Sciences, Tübingen, Germany2.

The mental number line (MNL) is a popular metaphor for magnitude representation in numerical cognition. Its shape has frequently been reported as being nonlinear, based on nonlinear response functions in magnitude estimation. We investigated whether this shape reflects a phenomenon of the mapping from stimulus to internal magnitude representation or of the mapping from internal representation to response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0241-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7121558PMC
September 2018

Lunching for Relaxation or Cognitive Control? After-Effects of Social and Solitary Meals.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;14(1):14-20. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Germany.

Meals, especially when taken in company, may affect the diner's mood. In line with findings that mood may alter cognitive control, a previous study by the authors found that after solitary meals, the was diminished as compared to a premeal condition, whereas a social meal did not reduce the Simon effect. Here, we investigated whether this finding generalizes across different demands in cognitive control and, therefore, applied a flanker task. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/236
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0234-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6104683PMC
March 2018
9 Reads

This Is How To Be a Rule Breaker.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;14(1):21-37. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Department of Psychology, Julius-Maximilians-University of Würzburg, Germany.

Violating rules comes with cognitive conflict for the rule-breaker. Here, we probed for means to reduce the behavioral effects of this conflict by studying the combined impact of recency and frequency of rule violations. We found that violating a rule facilitated the initiation of a subsequent rule violation, while notable costs relative to rule-based responding remained in measures of response execution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0235-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6096259PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

Mental Size Scaling of Three-Dimensional Objects Perceived Visually or Tactilely.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 24;14(3):139-149. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Faculty of Humanities, Deparment of Psychology, Toruń, Poland2.

The issue of pictorial or propositional nature of imagery remains unresolved. To take a step forward into the debate, we conducted a systematic evaluation of time and accuracy of mental scaling in sighted people. Participants viewed or touched three-dimensional objects and then had to imagine them in a resized version, depending on a given scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0245-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186801PMC

Elucidating the Functional Relationship Between Speed of Information Processing and Speed-, Capacity-, and Memory-Related Aspects of Psychometric Intelligence.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 31;13(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Fabrikstrasse 8, CH -3012 Bern, Switzerland.

Numerous studies reported a positive relationship between speed of information processing (SIP) and the factor of intelligence. Only very few studies, however, examined SI P's relationship to speed-, capacity-, and memory-related aspects of psychometric intelligence. In order to further elucidate this relationship, a Hick reaction time task and the Berlin Intelligence Structure (BIS) test were administered to 240 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0233-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086928PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Age and Sex Differences in Verbal and Visuospatial Abilities.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2018 30;2(14):51-61. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Behavioral Sciences, The Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel, Emek Yezreel, Israel1.

In order to explore the developmental patterns of sex differences in verbal and visuospatial abilities, the present study investigated sex differences in various cognitive abilities among children and adults. Three hundred and twenty-six children and adults completed a battery of six cognitive tasks testing two sets of abilities: The verbal cognitive battery tested verbal fluency and short-term memory tasks. The visuospatial battery tested mental rotation, localization, and form-completion tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0238-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186802PMC

The Effects of Heuristics and Apophenia on Probabilistic Choice.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):280-295. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Given a repeated choice between two or more options with independent and identically distributed reward probabilities, overall pay-offs can be maximized by the exclusive selection of the option with the greatest likelihood of reward. The tendency to match response proportions to reward contingencies is suboptimal. Nevertheless, this behaviour is well documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0228-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5776328PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

Nonspecific Retroactive Interference in Children and Adults.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):314-322. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK.

Retroactive interference (RI) is a primary source of forgetting and occurs when new information disrupts or damages an existing memory. Prior research has shown that children are susceptible to RI when the to-be-remembered and interfering information are similar, but it is unclear whether they are also vulnerable RI . This form of interference occurs when a memory is disrupted by an unrelated and dissimilar distractor task, and the present study explored six- and seven-year-olds susceptibility to such nonspecific RI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0231-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5771508PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

Different Paths to Different Strategies? Unique Associations Among Facets of the Dark Triad, Empathy, and Trait Emotional Intelligence.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):306-313. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Institute of Psychology, University of Pécs, Hungary.

Emotional deficits, such as limited empathy, are considered a fundamental aspect of the traits (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy). However, the nature and extent of such deficiencies seem to vary among dark personalities. By applying multidimensional measures of empathy, emotional intelligence, and the Dark Triad, we aimed to investigate in more detail how individuals high in various dark traits understand and evaluate emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0230-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5771371PMC
December 2017
7 Reads

The Effects of Similarity on High-Level Visual Working Memory Processing.

Authors:
Li Yang Lei Mo

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):296-305. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Centre for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Similarity has been observed to have opposite effects on visual working memory (VWM) for complex images. How can these discrepant results be reconciled? To answer this question, we used a change-detection paradigm to test visual working memory performance for multiple real-world objects. We found that working memory for moderate similarity items was worse than that for either high or low similarity items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0229-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5771247PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Effects of Language Background on Gaze Behavior: A Crosslinguistic Comparison Between Korean and German Speakers.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(4):267-279. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Department of Linguistics and Asian/Middle-Eastern Languages, San Diego State University, United States of America.

Languages differ in how they categorize spatial relations: While German differentiates between containment () and support () with distinct spatial words-(a) ("put pen cap"); (b) ("put cap pen")-Korean uses a single spatial word () collapsing (a) and (b) into one semantic category, particularly when the spatial enclosure is tight-fit. Korean uses a different word (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0227-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5770776PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Erratum: Developmental Changes in Mental Rotation: A Dissociation Between Object-Based and Egocentric Transformations.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):188-189. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Germany.

[This corrects the article on p. 67 in vol. 12, PMID: 27512525. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0218-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5669630PMC
June 2017
7 Reads

A Diffusive-Particle Theory of Free Recall.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):201-213. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Department of Neuroscience, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Diffusive models of free recall have been recently introduced in the memory literature, but their potential remains largely unexplored. In this paper, a diffusive model of short-term verbal memory is considered, in which the psychological state of the subject is encoded as the instantaneous position of a particle diffusing over a semantic graph. The model is particularly suitable for studying the dependence of free-recall observables on the semantic properties of the words to be recalled. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/224
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0220-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655394PMC
September 2017
7 Reads

Selective Effects of Sport Expertise on the Stages of Mental Rotation Tasks With Object-Based and Egocentric Transformations.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):248-256. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

China Institute of Sport Science, Beijing, China.

It is well established that motor expertise is linked to superior mental rotation ability, but few studies have attempted to explain the factors that influence the stages of mental rotation in sport experts. Some authors have argued that athletes are faster in the perceptual and decision stages but not in the rotation stages of object-based transformations; however, stimuli related to sport have not been used to test mental rotation with egocentric transformations. Therefore, 24 adolescent elite divers and 23 adolescent nonathletes completed mental rotation tasks with object-based and egocentric transformations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0225-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5647158PMC
September 2017
17 Reads

Gender Classification Based on Eye Movements: A Processing Effect During Passive Face Viewing.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):232-240. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Department of Computer Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Studies have revealed superior face recognition skills in females, partially due to their different eye movement strategies when encoding faces. In the current study, we utilized these slight but important differences and proposed a model that estimates the gender of the viewers and classifies them into two subgroups, males and females. An eye tracker recorded participant's eye movements while they viewed images of faces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0223-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5648518PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Examining Developmental Changes in Children's Motor Imagery: A Longitudinal Study.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):257-266. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Australian Catholic University, School of Psychology, Melbourne, Australia.

Using a longitudinal design, the present study examined developmental changes in the employment of (motor) imagery strategies on the hand laterality judgment (HLJ) task in children. All children ( = 23) participated three times, at ages of 5, 6, and 7 years. Error percentages and response durations were compared to a priori defined sinusoid models, representing different strategies to judge hand laterality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0226-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5645803PMC
September 2017
4 Reads

Daytime Effect of Monochromatic Blue Light on EEG Activity Depends on Duration and Timing of Exposure in Young Men.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):241-247. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Institite of Applied Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.

Growing evidence suggests an alerting effect of monochromatic blue light on brain activity. Little is known about the moderation of those effects by timing and duration of exposure. The present electroencephalography (EEG ) study examined such moderations on delta, theta, alpha1, alpha2, and beta EEG bands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0224-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5643565PMC
September 2017
5 Reads

Trypophobic Discomfort is Spatial-Frequency Dependent.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):224-231. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Faculty of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Clusters of holes, such as those in a lotus seedpod, induce trypophobic discomfort. Previous research has demonstrated that high-contrast energy at midrange spatial frequencies in images causes trypophobic discomfort. The present study examined the effects on discomfort of eliminating various spatial frequency components from the images to reveal how each spatial frequency contributes to the discomfort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0222-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5636197PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Repetition Blindness for Faces: A Comparison of Face Identity, Expression, and Gender Judgments.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):214-223. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

School of Applied Psychology, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Repetition blindness (RB) refers to the impairment in reporting two identical targets within a rapid serial visual presentation stream. While numerous studies have demonstrated RB for words and picture of objects, very few studies have examined RB for faces. This study extended this research by examining RB when the two faces were (same emotion and identity), (same individual, different emotion), and (different individual, same emotion) for identity, gender, and expression judgment tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0221-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5636015PMC
September 2017
18 Reads

Processing of Internal and External Signals for Performance Monitoring in the Context of Emotional Faces.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(3):190-200. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

International Psychoanalytic University, Berlin.

Performance monitoring can be based on internal or external signals. We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate whether relating performance to external signals affects internal performance monitoring. Thirty participants performed a task in which responses were followed by faces whose expressions were partially contingent upon performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0219-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5634746PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Varieties of Confidence Intervals.

Authors:
Denis Cousineau

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):140-155. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

École de Psychologie, Université d'Ottawa, Canada.

Error bars are useful to understand data and their interrelations. Here, it is shown that confidence intervals of the mean (CI s) can be adjusted based on whether the objective is to highlight differences between measures or not and based on the experimental design (within- or between-group designs). Confidence intervals (CIs) can also be adjusted to take into account the sampling mechanisms and the population size (if not infinite). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0214-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5511611PMC
June 2017
3 Reads

My Command, My Act: Observation Inflation in Face-To-Face Interactions.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):166-176. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Kassel, Holländische Str. 36-38, 34127 Kassel, Germany.

When observing another agent performing simple actions, these actions are systematically remembered as one's own after a brief period of time. Such observation has been documented as a robust phenomenon in studies in which participants passively observed videotaped actions. Whether observation inflation also holds for direct, face-to-face interactions is an open question that we addressed in two experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0217-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5506749PMC
June 2017
4 Reads

Training of Visual-Spatial Working Memory in Preschool Children.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):177-187. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany.

Working memory, the ability to store and manipulate information is of great importance for scholastic achievement in children. In this study, we report four studies in which preschoolers were trained on a visual-spatial working memory span task, namely the Corsi Block Task. Across all four studies, we found significant training effects for the intervention groups compared to active control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0217-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5504534PMC
June 2017
29 Reads

Words That Move Us. The Effects of Sentences on Body Sway.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):156-165. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Institute of Sport Science, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany.

According to the embodied cognition perspective, cognitive systems and perceptuo-motor systems are deeply intertwined and exert a causal effect on each other. A prediction following from this idea is that cognitive activity can result in subtle changes in observable movement. In one experiment, we tested whether reading various sentences resulted in changes in postural sway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0215-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5502579PMC
June 2017
5 Reads

Generalized Benford's Law as a Lie Detector.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):121-127. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Laboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale de Lille, University of Lille I, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Cité Scientifique, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.

The first significant (leftmost nonzero) digit of seemingly random numbers often appears to conform to a logarithmic distribution, with more 1s than 2s, more 2s than 3s, and so forth, a phenomenon known as . When humans try to produce random numbers, they often fail to conform to this distribution. This feature grounds the so-called , aiming at detecting fabricated data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0212-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5504535PMC
June 2017
12 Reads

Human Eye Movements After Viewpoint Shifts in Edited Dynamic Scenes are Under Cognitive Control.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 30;13(2):128-139. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria.

We tested whether viewers have cognitive control over their eye movements after cuts in videos of real-world scenes. In the critical conditions, scene cuts constituted panoramic view shifts: Half of the view following a cut matched the view on the same scene before the cut. We manipulated the viewing task between two groups of participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0213-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5502321PMC
June 2017
3 Reads

Consequences of Learned Helplessness and Recognition of the State of Cognitive Exhaustion in Persons with Mild Intellectual Disability.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):42-51. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, ul. Ingardena 6, 30-060, Kraków, Poland.

Persons with intellectual disability are a group at risk of being exposed to overly demanding problem-solving situations, which may produce . The research was based on the informational model of learned helplessness. The consequences of exposure to an unsolvable task and the ability to recognize the symptoms of were tested in 120 students with mild intellectual disability. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/207
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0205-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5413468PMC
March 2017
10 Reads

Resolving Conflicts Between Syntax and Plausibility in Sentence Comprehension.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):11-27. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Australia.

Comprehension of plausible and implausible object- and subject-relative clause sentences with and without prepositional phrases was examined. Undergraduates read each sentence then evaluated a statement as consistent or inconsistent with the sentence. Higher acceptance of consistent than inconsistent statements indicated reliance on . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0203-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5404470PMC
March 2017
10 Reads

Empathy in Negative and Positive Interpersonal Interactions. What is the Relationship Between Central (EEG, fNIRS) and Peripheral (Autonomic) Neurophysiological Responses?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):105-120. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy.

Emotional empathy is crucial to understand how we respond to interpersonal positive or negative situations. In the present research, we aim at identifying the neural networks and the autonomic responsiveness underlying the human ability to perceive and empathize with others' emotions when positive (cooperative) or negative (uncooperative) interactions are observed. A multimethodological approach was adopted to elucidate the reciprocal interplay of autonomic (peripheral) and central (cortical) activities in empathic behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0211-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5402676PMC
March 2017
25 Reads

Exploring Modality Compatibility in the Response-Effect Compatibility Paradigm.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):97-104. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

According to , action planning is based on anticipatory perceptual representations of action-effects. This aspect of action control has been investigated in studies using the response-effect compatibility (REC) paradigm, in which responses have been shown to be facilitated if ensuing perceptual effects share codes with the response based on dimensional overlap (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0210-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5404091PMC
March 2017
9 Reads

Is Attentional Resource Allocation Across Sensory Modalities Task-Dependent?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):83-96. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Institut für Neurophysiologie und Pathophysiologie, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Human information processing is limited by attentional resources. That is, via attentional mechanisms, humans select a limited amount of sensory input to process while other sensory input is neglected. In multisensory research, a matter of ongoing debate is whether there are distinct pools of attentional resources for each sensory modality or whether attentional resources are shared across sensory modalities. Read More

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http://ac-psych.org/en/download-pdf/id/209
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0209-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405449PMC
March 2017
4 Reads

Response Preparation, Response Conflict, and the Effects of Irrelevant Flanker Stimuli.

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):70-82. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Leibniz-Institut für Arbeitsforschung, Dortmund, Germany.

The present study explored how response preparation modulates the effects of as induced by irrelevant flanker stimuli. In Experiments 1 and 2, an unreliable response cue (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0208-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405448PMC
March 2017
2 Reads

The Field of View is More Useful in Golfers than Regular Exercisers.

Authors:
Karen Murphy

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):64-69. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Australia.

Superior visual attention skills are vital for excellent sports performance. This study used a cognitive skills approach to examine expert and novice differences in a visual spatial attention task. Thirty-two males aged 18 to 42 years completed this study in return for course credit or monetary incentive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0207-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5403739PMC
March 2017
9 Reads

Distractor-Induced Blindness: A Special Case of Contingent Attentional Capture?

Adv Cogn Psychol 2017 31;13(1):52-63. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.

The detection of a salient visual target embedded in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) can be severely affected if target-like distractors are presented previously. This phenomenon, known as distractor-induced blindness (DIB), shares the prerequisites of (Folk, Remington, & Johnston, 1992). In both, target processing is transiently impaired by the presentation of distractors defined by similar features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0206-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5387411PMC
March 2017
3 Reads