71,096 results match your criteria Advanced Materials & Processes[Journal]


Rationally introduce AIE into chemosensor: A novel and efficient way to achieving ultrasensitive multi-guest sensing.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2019 Apr 10;218:263-270. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials, Ministry of Education of China; Research Center of Gansu Military and Civilian Integration Advanced Structural Materials; College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730070, China.

Recently, ultrasensitive detection and multi-guest sensing have received extensive attention due to their high sensitivity and efficiency. Herein, we report a novel approach to achieve ultrasensitive detection of multi-analyte. This approach is concluded as "rationally introduce Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE) into chemosensor". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2019.04.014DOI Listing

Rapid Construction of Fused Heteropolycyclic Aromatics via Palladium-Catalyzed Domino Arylations of Imidazopyridine Derivatives.

Org Lett 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Feringa Nobel Prize Scientist Joint Research Center, Institute of Fine Chemicals, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering , East China University of Science & Technology , 130 Meilong Road , Shanghai 200237 , China.

By using diaryliodonium salts, a novel approach of a palladium-catalyzed cascade of diarylation/intramolecular dehydrogenative coupling reaction has been developed in the synthesis of phenanthro-imidazopyridine fused heteropolycycles. The method can tolerate various substrates, and the target products were rapidly constructed in one pot. Furthermore, studies of the detailed reaction mechanism provide an insight into the C-H functionalization of 2-aryl-imidazopyridine derivatives and the C-C bond formations in the presence of palladium catalyst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.9b00761DOI Listing

Developing a new intelligent system for the diagnosis of oral medicine with case-based reasoning approach.

Oral Dis 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Since the clinical manifestations of many oral diseases can be quite similar despite the wide variety in etiology and pathology, the differential diagnosis of oral diseases is a complex and challenging process. Intelligent system for differential diagnosis of oral medicine using the artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities, helps specialists in achieving differential diagnosis in a wide range of oral diseases.

Materials And Methods: First, the essential data elements to design and develop an intelligent system were identified in a cross-sectional descriptive study. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/odi.13108
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13108DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Impact of Number of Positive Lymph Nodes and Lymph Node Ratio on Survival of Women with Node-Positive Breast Cancer.

Eur J Breast Health 2019 Apr 1;15(2):76-84. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Clinical Research, Research Center, Instituto Nacional de Câncer (INCA), Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the association of axillary lymph node ratio (LNR) and number of positive lymph nodes (pN) with the risk of breast cancer recurrence and death.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cohort study of node-positive stage II and III breast cancer patients diagnosed and treated between 2008 and 2009 at the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA), Brazil. Overall and disease-free survival curves for number of positive lymph nodes (pN) and lymph node ratio (LNR) risk groups were constructed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/ejbh.2019.4414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456272PMC

Rare-Earth Orthophosphates From Atomistic Simulations.

Front Chem 2019 3;7:197. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institute of Energy and Climate Research - IEK-6: Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety, Jülich, Germany.

Lanthanide phosphates () are considered as a potential nuclear waste form for immobilization of Pu and minor actinides (Np, Am, and Cm). In that respect, in the recent years we have applied advanced atomistic simulation methods to investigate various properties of these materials on the atomic scale. In particular, we computed several structural, thermochemical, thermodynamic and radiation damage related parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456693PMC

-Benzoimidazole/Oxadiazole Hybrid Universal Electron Acceptors for Highly Efficient Exciplex-Type Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence OLEDs.

Front Chem 2019 3;7:187. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Key Lab for Flexible Electronics and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China.

Recently, donor/acceptor type exciplex have attracted considerable interests due to the low driving voltages and small singlet-triplet bandgaps for efficient reverse intersystem crossing to achieve 100% excitons for high efficiency thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) OLEDs. Herein, two -linked benzoimidazole/oxadiazole hybrid electron acceptors were designed and synthesized through simple catalyst-free C-N coupling reaction. 24PBIOXD and TPBIOXD exhibited deep-blue emission with peak at 421 and 459 nm in solution, 397 and 419 nm at film state, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00187DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457096PMC

Ag Loading Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity of g-CN Porous Nanosheets for Decomposition of Organic Pollutants.

Front Chem 2019 2;7:91. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Institute of Catalysis for Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang, China.

The g-CN porous nanosheets with different loading amount of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) are successfully prepared by a simple liquid-phase reduction method. These Ag/g-CN composites have an improved photocatalytic performance for decomposing organic pollutants compared with that of pure g-CN nanosheets. Many measurements have been used for characterizing the samples, such as XRD, FTIR, UV-Vis DRS, PL, XPS, EDS, SEM, and TEM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454074PMC

Zinc-Doped Copper Oxide Nanocomposites Inhibit the Growth of Pancreatic Cancer by Inducing Autophagy Through AMPK/mTOR Pathway.

Front Pharmacol 2019 2;10:319. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Zinc doped copper oxide nanocomposites (Zn-CuO NPs) is a novel doped metal nanomaterial synthesized by our group using the sonochemical method. Our previous studies have shown that Zn-CuO NPs could inhibit cancer cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis via ROS-mediated pathway. In the present study, we studied the anticancer effect of Zn-CuO NPs on human pancreatic cancer cells. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fphar.2019.00319
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.00319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454023PMC
April 2019
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Standalone Instrumented Posterior Approach Used as Universal Approach for Tuberculosis Spondylodiscitis.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):225-233

Department of Neurosurgery, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Background: Surgical management of spinal tuberculosis (TB) has been classically the anterior, then combined, and of late increasingly by the posterior approach. The posterior approach has been successful in early disease. There has been a paradigm shift and inquisitive to explore this approach in the more advanced and even long-segment disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_294_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454971PMC

Publisher Correction: Diattenuation Imaging reveals different brain tissue properties.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 19;9(1):6521. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Physics, RWTH Aachen University, 52056, Aachen, Germany.

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42189-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42189-8DOI Listing
April 2019
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Superlubricity of glycerol by self-sustained chemical polishing.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6286. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Université de Lyon, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, LTDS CNRS 5513, 69134, Ecully, France.

An impressive superlow coefficient of friction (CoF) as low as 0.004 (nearly equivalent to the rolling coefficient) was obtained by sliding a steel ball against a tetrahedral amorphous diamond-like carbon (ta-C) coating in glycerol under a boundary lubrication regime. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed substantial changes in the surface chemistry and topography in the friction track. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42730-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42730-9DOI Listing
April 2019
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Natural arsenic with a unique order structure: potential for new quantum materials.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6275. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku Univ, Sendai, 980-8577, Japan.

Study of arsenic (As) provides guidelines for the development of next-generation materials. We clarify the unique structure of the third crystalline polymorph of natural As (Pnm2-As) by crystallographical experiment and the electronic structure by first-principles computational method. The crystal structure of Pnm2-As is a novel structure in which the basic portions of semi-metalic grey-As and semi-conductor black-As are alternately arranged at the atomic level. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42561-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42561-8DOI Listing
April 2019
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Control of electrical conductivity of highly stacked zinc oxide nanocrystals by ultraviolet treatment.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6244. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanocrystals (NCs) were synthesized using a modified sol-gel method. Ultraviolet (UV) treatment was performed under various atmospheres on the highly stacked ZnO NCs. The prepared NCs were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy to investigate their structural, electrical, and electrochemical properties. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42102-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42102-3DOI Listing
April 2019
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Hierarchical self-assembly of 3D lattices from polydisperse anisometric colloids.

Nat Commun 2019 Apr 18;10(1):1815. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA.

Colloids are mainly divided into two types defined by size. Micron-scale colloids are widely used as model systems to study phase transitions, while nanoparticles have physicochemical properties unique to their size. Here we study a promising yet underexplored third type: anisometric colloids, which integrate micrometer and nanometer dimensions into the same particle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09787-6DOI Listing

An advanced junction concept in pediatric craniospinal irradiation by proton pencil beam scanning.

Phys Med 2019 Apr 9;60:168-173. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

From Proton Therapy Center, Hospital of Trento, Azienda Provinciale per I Servizi Sanitari (APSS), Trento 38122, Italy. Electronic address:

Purpose: To present an advanced junction concept in craniospinal irradiation (CSI) by proton pencil beam scanning (PBS).

Materials And Methods: In PBS CSI, whole brain irradiation (WBI) is commonly delivered by opposed lateral-beams, whereas spine irradiation is delivered by posterior entrances. Since lateral-beams would cross a large portion of the patient at the shoulder level, the junction between WBI and spine irradiation cannot extend below that level, thus the size of the lateral-beams needs to be limited and the number of required isocenters can increase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2019.04.002DOI Listing

Validity and Reliability of Korean Version of Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire in Patients with Advanced Cancer: A Multicenter, Longitudinal Study.

Cancer Res Treat 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

Purpose: Malnutrition and a loss of muscle mass are frequent in cancer patients and have a negative effect on clinical outcome. Nutrition risk screening aims to increase awareness and allow early recognition and treatment of cancer cachexia. Therefore, screenings should be brief, inexpensive, highly sensitive, and have good specificity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4143/crt.2018.505DOI Listing

Synthesis and Effect of Encapsulating Rejuvenator Fiber on the Performance of Asphalt Mixture.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;12(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, and School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China.

The idea of prolonging the service life of asphalt mixture by improving the self-healing ability of asphalt has received extensive attention in recent years. In view of this, this work synthesized three kinds of encapsulating rejuvenator fibers to improve self-healing properties of asphalt mixtures. A series of characterizations were performed to study the morphology, chemical structure and thermal stability of the three kinds of fibers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12081266DOI Listing

Experimental Studies on MoS-Treated Grinding Wheel Active Surface Condition after High-Efficiency Internal Cylindrical Grinding Process of INCONEL Alloy 718.

Micromachines (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University Center for Research & Development, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab 140413, India.

This work demonstrates that molybdenum disulfide can be successfully used as an impregnating substance that is introduced in the abrasive tool structure for improving its cutting properties and favorably affecting the effects of the abrasive process. For the experimental studies, a set of MoS-treated small-sized grinding wheels with a technical designation 1-35×10×10×109A5X60L10VE0 PI-50 before and after the reciprocating internal cylindrical grinding process of rings made from INCONEL alloy 718 was prepared. The condition of grinding wheel active surface was analyzed using an advanced observation measurement system based on stylus/optical profilometry, as well as confocal and electron microscopy. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/10/4/255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mi10040255DOI Listing
April 2019
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Self-Assembly of Metal Nanoclusters for Aggregation-Induced Emission.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 17;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center of Materials Genome Engineering, Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China.

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) is an intriguing strategy to enhance the luminescence of metal nanoclusters (NCs). However, the morphologies of aggregated NCs are often irregular and inhomogeneous, leading to instability and poor color purity of the aggregations, which greatly limit their further potential in optical applications. Inspired by self-assembly techniques, manipulating metal NCs into well-defined architectures has achieved success. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/8/1891
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081891DOI Listing
April 2019
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Theoretical foundation of detrending methods for fluctuation analysis such as detrended fluctuation analysis and detrending moving average.

Phys Rev E 2019 Mar;99(3-1):033305

Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Nöthnitzer Straße 38, 01187 Dresden, Germany.

We present a bottom-up derivation of fluctuation analysis with detrending for the detection of long-range correlations in the presence of additive trends or intrinsic nonstationarities. While the well-known detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) and detrending moving average (DMA) were introduced ad hoc, we claim basic principles for such methods where DFA and DMA are then shown to be specific realizations. The mean-squared displacement of the summed time series contains the same information about long-range correlations as the autocorrelation function but has much better statistical properties for large time lags. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033305DOI Listing

Neural network model for path-finding problems with the self-recovery property.

Phys Rev E 2019 Mar;99(3-1):032207

WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan and Mathematics for Advanced Materials-OIL, AIST-Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan.

The large-scale synchronization of neural oscillations is crucial in the functional integration of brain modules, but the combination of modules changes depending on the task. A mathematical description of this flexibility is a key to elucidating the mechanism of such spontaneous neural activity. We present a model that finds the loop structure of a network whose nodes are connected by unidirectional links. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.032207DOI Listing

Description of physical aging kinetics of glassy polymers by interpretation of parameters of the Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts relaxation function via simulation.

Phys Rev E 2019 Mar;99(3-1):032502

School of Materials and Advanced Processes Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran, Iran.

The empirical Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) relaxation function has been widely used to describe the nonexponential relaxation behavior of glassy polymers during their physical aging. The characteristic relaxation time (τ_{KWW}) and the stretching parameter (β_{KWW}) of the KWW equation are obtained from experimental relaxation data by a curve-fitting procedure. However, knowing the values of KWW parameters is not sufficient to completely characterize the physical aging kinetics of glassy materials in order to compare, for example, the aging rate of different systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.032502DOI Listing

Industrial Gear Oils: Tribological Performance and Subsurface Changes.

Tribol Lett 2018 10;66(2):65. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

2School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL UK.

This study examined the tribological performance of three gear oils (Oils A, B and C), in relation to surface and microstructural changes. Oil A contains molybdenum dithiophosphate friction modifier, Oil B contains amine molybdate combined with zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate antiwear additive, while Oil C contains phosphonate and a commercial gear oil package. Following sliding tests of a hardened AISI 52100 steel ball on a spheroidized AISI 52100 steel disc, the worn surfaces were chemically studied using Raman and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11249-018-1013-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11249-018-1013-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438653PMC
April 2018
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Certification of Standard Reference Material 1879b Respirable Cristobalite.

Powder Diffr 2018 ;33

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 20899.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) certifies a suite of Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) to address specific aspects of the performance of X-ray powder diffraction instruments. This report describes SRM 1879b, the third generation of this powder diffraction SRM. SRM 1879b is intended for use in the preparation of calibration standards for the quantitative analyses of cristobalite by X-ray powder diffraction in accordance with National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Analytical Method 7500, or equivalent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0885715618000465DOI Listing
January 2018

Development of combined microstructure and structure characterization facility for and studies at the Advanced Photon Source.

J Appl Crystallogr 2018 ;51 Pt 3

Materials Measurement Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA.

Following many years of evolutionary development, first at the National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and then at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory, the APS ultrasmall-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) facility has been transformed by several new developments. These comprise a conversion to higher-order crystal optics and higher X-ray energies as the standard operating mode, rapid fly scan measurements also as a standard operational mode, automated contiguous pinhole small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements at intermediate scattering vectors, and associated rapid wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) measurements for X-ray diffraction without disturbing the sample geometry. With each mode using the USAXS incident beam optics upstream of the sample, USAXS/SAXS/WAXS measurements can now be made within 5 min, allowing and measurement capabilities with great flexibility under a wide range of sample conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S160057671800643XDOI Listing
January 2018

PTEN-deficient prostate cancer is associated with an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment mediated by increased expression of IDO1 and infiltrating FoxP3+ T regulatory cells.

Prostate 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Cancer Biology and Genetics, Queen's Cancer Research Institute, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada.

Background: Accumulating evidence shows that tumor cell-specific genomic changes can influence the cross talk between cancer cells and the surrounding tumor microenvironment (TME). Loss of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene is observed in 20% to 30% of prostate cancers (PCa) when first detected and the rate increases with PCa progression and advanced disease. Recent findings implicate a role for PTEN in cellular type I interferon response and immunosuppression in PCa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pros.23808DOI Listing

Highly photostable two-photon NIR AIEgens with tunable organelle specificity and deep tissue penetration.

Biomaterials 2019 Apr 9;208:72-82. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

HKUST-Shenzhen Research Institute, No. 9 Yuexing 1st RD, South Area, Hi-tech Park, Nanshan, Shenzhen, 518057, China; Department of Chemistry, Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Tissue Restoration and Reconstruction, Institute for Advanced Study, Institute of Molecular Functional Materials, And Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, 999077, China; Center for Aggregation-Induced Emission, SCUT-HKUST Joint Research Institute, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, China. Electronic address:

Photostability is a particularly important parameter for fluorescence imaging especially long-term dynamic tracking in live samples. However, many organic fluorophores show poor photostability under one-photon and two-photon continuous irradiation. In addition, these traditional fluorophores also suffer from aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) in aggregate state in insolvable water environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2019.04.002DOI Listing

In-vitro blood and vascular compatibility of sirolimus-eluting organic/inorganic hybrid stent coatings.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2019 Apr 9;179:405-413. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Research Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Incheon, 21999, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The surface characteristics of coronary stents play a pivotal role in inhibiting in-stent restenosis and late-stent thrombosis. In this study, a sol-gel-derived silica xerogel-chitosan hybrid coating was applied to Co-Cr stent and was reported, for the first time, as a biocompatible drug delivery tool in vascular stent application. A dense and uniform chitosan-silica xerogel hybrid coating (<1-μm thick) was applied on bare Co-Cr material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2019.04.018DOI Listing

Lipoxygenase drives Lipidomic and metabolic reprogramming in ischemic heart failure.

Metabolism 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, United States.

Background: After myocardial infarction (MI), delayed progression or reversal of cardiac remodeling is a prime target to limit advanced chronic heart failure (HF). However, the temporal kinetics of lipidomic and systemic metabolic signaling is unclear in HF. There is no consensus on metabolic and lipidomic signatures that influence structure, function, and survival in HF. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00260495193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2019.04.011DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Eighteen of 1918-1919: Black Nurses and the Great Flu Pandemic in the United States.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e8. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

At the time of the study, Marian Moser Jones and Matilda Saines were with the University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park.

This article examines the role of Black American nurses during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic and the aftermath of World War I. The pandemic caused at least 50 million deaths worldwide and 675 000 in the United States. It occurred during a period of pervasive segregation and racial violence, in which Black Americans were routinely denied access to health, educational, and political institutions. Read More

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https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2019.3050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305003DOI Listing
April 2019
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Synergistic Tricolor Emission-Based White light from Supramolecular Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Gel.

Langmuir 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The development of engineered hybrid systems by encapsulating nanoparticles in gel scaffolds and their synergistic effects are highly crucial for the fabrication of advanced functional materials. Herein, a series of dipeptides containing an aromatic amino acid at the N-terminal and an aliphatic amino acid at the C- terminal were synthesized and studied. Among them, only the dipeptide L-Phe-L-Val can form both hydro- and organogelator, depending on the N and C terminal protecting groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b00456DOI Listing

Fabrication of a Luminescence-Silent System Based on a Post-Synthetic Modification Cd-MOFs: A Highly Selective and Sensitive Turn-on Luminescent Probe for Ascorbic Acid Detection.

Inorg Chem 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Chemistry and Physics of Rare Earth Materials, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Inner Mongolia University , Hohhot 010021 , China.

A unique three-dimensional luminescent metal-organic framework (Cd-MOFs), [Cd(tpbpc)]·2HO·DMF (Htpbpc = 4'-[4,2';6',4″]-terpyridin-4'-yl-biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid; DMF = dimethylformamide), was synthesized and structurally characterized; it exhibits excellent luminescent property and structural stability in aqueous solutions. Interestingly, an unparalleled luminescence-silent system CrO@Cd-MOFs was successfully fabricated by postsynthetic modification of metal-organic frameworks. This luminescence-silent system represents a highly selective and sensitive turn-on luminescent responding to ascorbic acid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00420DOI Listing

Graphitic Carbon Nitride (g-C N )-Derived N-Rich Graphene with Tuneable Interlayer Distance as a High-Rate Anode for Sodium-Ion Batteries.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1901261. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia.

Heteroatom-doped carbon materials with expanded interlayer distance have been widely studied as anodes for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). However, it remains unexplored to further enlarge the interlayer spacing and reveal the influence of heteroatom doping on carbon nanostructures for developing more efficient SIB anode materials. Here, a series of N-rich few-layer graphene (N-FLG) with tuneable interlayer distance ranging from 0. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901261DOI Listing
April 2019
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17.493 Impact Factor

Phenothiazine-Based Organic Catholyte for High-Capacity and Long-Life Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1901052. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Materials Science and Engineering Program and Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.

Redox-active organic materials have been considered as one of the most promising "green" candidates for aqueous redox flow batteries (RFBs) due to the natural abundance, structural diversity, and high tailorability. However, many reported organic molecules are employed in the anode, and molecules with highly reversible capacity for the cathode are limited. Here, a class of heteroaromatic phenothiazine derivatives is reported as promising positive materials for aqueous RFBs. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901052DOI Listing
April 2019
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Anti-Ambipolar Transport with Large Electrical Modulation in 2D Heterostructured Devices.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1901144. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, CAS Key Laboratory of Nanosystem and Hierarchical Fabrication, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing, 100190, P. R. China.

Van der Waals materials and their heterostructures provide a versatile platform to explore new device architectures and functionalities beyond conventional semiconductors. Of particular interest is anti-ambipolar behavior, which holds potentials for various digital electronic applications. However, most of the previously conducted studies are focused on hetero- or homo- p-n junctions, which suffer from a weak electrical modulation. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901144DOI Listing
April 2019
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Efficient and Stable CsPbI Solar Cells via Regulating Lattice Distortion with Surface Organic Terminal Groups.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1900605. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China.

All-inorganic cesium lead iodide perovskites (CsPbI ) are promising wide-bandgap materials for use in the perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells, but they easily undergo a phase transition from a cubic black phase to an orthorhombic yellow phase under ambient conditions. It is shown that this phase transition is triggered by moisture that causes distortion of the corner-sharing octahedral framework ([PbI ] ). Here, a novel strategy to suppress the octahedral tilting of [PbI ] units in cubic CsPbI by systematically controlling the steric hindrance of surface organic terminal groups is provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201900605DOI Listing

Design of Bistable Gold@Spin-Crossover Core-Shell Nanoparticles Showing Large Electrical Responses for the Spin Switching.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1900039. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Instituto de Ciencia Molecular (ICMol), Universidad de Valencia, c/Catedrático José Beltrán 2, Paterna, 46980, Spain.

A simple chemical protocol to prepare core-shell gold@spin-crossover (Au@SCO) nanoparticles (NPs) based on the 1D spin-crossover [Fe(Htrz) (trz)](BF ) coordination polymer is reported. The synthesis relies on a two-step approach consisting of a partial surface ligand substitution of the citrate-stabilized Au NPs followed by the controlled growth of a very thin layer of the SCO polymer. As a result, colloidally stable core@shell spherical NPs with a Au core of ca. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201900039DOI Listing

The dealloying-lithiation/delithiation-realloying mechanism of a breithauptite (NiSb) nanocrystal embedded nanofabric anode for flexible Li-ion batteries.

Nanoscale 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry of MOE, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Organic Materials, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China. and Shenzhen Research Institute of Nanjing University, Shenzhen 518063, China.

Antimony (Sb) based anodes with high conductivity and capability have shown great promise for applications in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, they often suffer from poor cycling stability because of the drastic volume variation and structural degradation on undergoing lithiation-delithiation processes. Here we demonstrate a novel Sb-based anode with a free-standing structure realized by uniformly implanting intermetallic compound breithauptite (nickel antimonide, NiSb) nanocrystals into nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers (NiSb@NCNFs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9nr00159jDOI Listing

Unraveling the Hidden Martensitic Phase Transition in BaClF and PbClF under High Pressure Using an Ab Initio Evolutionary Approach.

Inorg Chem 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Geosciences, Center for Materials by Design, and Institute for Advanced Computational Science , State University of New York , Stony Brook , New York 11794-2100 , United States.

We predict crystal structures of MClF (M = Ba and Pb) compounds by performing an ab initio evolutionary simulation at ambient as well as high pressure. We propose a structural transition sequence in MClF compounds as follows: P4/ nmm → Pmcn → P6/ mmc below 100 GPa. The predicted ambient and intermediate phases are consistent with X-ray and Raman spectroscopic measurements, while the newly proposed high pressure P6/ mmc phase is thermodynamically more favorable than the previously proposed monoclinic ( P2/ m) phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00243DOI Listing

Crystal melting and glass formation in copper thiocyanate based coordination polymers.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

AIST-Kyoto University Chemical Energy Materials Open Innovation Laboratory (ChEM-OIL), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan and Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan and Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Molecular Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology, Rayong 21210, Thailand.

Crystal melting and glass formation of coordination polymers (CPs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are rare thermal events. To expand the library of melting CP/MOFs, we utilized anti-crystal engineering in ionic liquids to construct CPs. A combination of Cu+ and 4,4'-bipyridin-1-ium derivatives afforded four melting CPs showing stable liquid and glassy states. Read More

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http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C9CC02172H
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9cc02172hDOI Listing
April 2019
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Cu(OAc)-Triggered Cascade Reaction of Malonate-Tethered Acyl Oximes with Indoles, Indole-2-alcohols, and Indole-2-carboxamides.

Org Lett 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Catalytic Materials and Technology, School of Petrochemical Engineering , Changzhou University , 1 Gehu Road , Changzhou , Jiangsu 213164 , China.

A Cu(OAc)-promoted cascade reaction of malonate-tetherd acyl oximes with indoles, indole-2-alcohols, or indole-2-carboxmides provides facile access to polysubstituted 3-pyrrolin-2-ones. The reaction features the generation of two adjacent electrophilic centers at the same time as cyclization to lactam. The subsequent double addition with nucleophiles followed by oxidation realizes the difunctionalization of the imine sp-carbon and the adjacent α-sp-carbon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.9b00849DOI Listing

Building Carbon-Based Versatile Scaffolds on the Electrode Surface to Boost Capacitive Performance for Fiber Pseudocapacitors.

Small 2019 Apr 17:e1900721. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Nanoyang Group, State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China.

In order to fabricate high performance fiber pseudocapacitors, the trade-off between high mass loading and high utilization efficiency of pseudocapacitive materials should be carefully addressed. Here, a solution that is to construct a carbon-based versatile scaffold is reported for loading pseudocapacitive materials on carbonaceous fibers. The scaffold can be easily built by conformally coating commercial pen ink on the fibers without any destruction to the fiber skeleton. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201900721DOI Listing

Smart Microcapsules with Molecular Polarity- and Temperature-Dependent Permeability.

Small 2019 Apr 17:e1900434. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.

Microcapsules with molecule-selective permeation are appealing as microreactors, capsule-type sensors, drug and cell carriers, and artificial cells. To accomplish molecular size- and charge-selective permeation, regular size of pores and surface charges have been formed in the membranes. However, it remains an important challenge to provide advanced regulation of transmembrane transport. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/smll.2019004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201900434DOI Listing
April 2019
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Precise Surface Engineering of Cathode Materials for Improved Stability of Lithium-Ion Batteries.

Small 2019 Apr 17:e1901019. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology, CAS Research/Education Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, 100190, P. R. China.

As lithium-ion batteries continue to climb to even higher energy density, they meanwhile cause serious concerns on their stability and reliability during operation. To make sure the electrode materials, particularly cathode materials, are stable upon extended cycles, surface modification becomes indispensable to minimize the undesirable side reaction at the electrolyte-cathode interface, which is known as a critical factor to jeopardizing the electrode performance. This Review is targeted at a precise surface control of cathode materials with focus on the synthetic strategies suitable for a maximized surface protection ensured by a uniform and conformal surface coating. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/smll.2019010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201901019DOI Listing
April 2019
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Surface Charge-Reversible Tubular Micromotors for Extraction of Nucleic Acids in Microsystems.

Chem Asian J 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi road, Wuhan, CHINA.

Extraction of nucleic acids in microsystems is of significance for biomedical applications, but the current extraction methods generally require sophisticated microchannels and external equipment, hindering their practical applications. In this work, we have demonstrated a simple, versatile and efficient approach to extract nucleic acids in microsystems by developing cationic branched polyethyleneimine (PEI)-functionalized tubular micromotors. The as-developed tubular micromotors are fabricated by a two-step process combining the template-assisted electrodeposition and carbodiimide chemistry, and contain an inner catalytic Pt layer, a middle magnetic Ni layer and an outer cationic PEI layer. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/asia.2019004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asia.201900427DOI Listing
April 2019
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Phase-Controlled Synthesis of Monolayer Ternary Telluride with a Random Local Displacement of Tellurium Atoms.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 17:e1900862. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 639798, Singapore.

Alloying 2D transition metal dichalcogenides has opened up new opportunities for bandgap engineering and phase control. Developing a simple and scalable synthetic route is therefore essential to explore the full potential of these alloys with tunable optical and electrical properties. Here, the direct synthesis of monolayer WTe S alloys via one-step chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is demonstrated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201900862DOI Listing

Quasicrystal Photonic Metasurfaces for Radiation Controlling of Second Harmonic Generation.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 17:e1901188. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, 518055, China.

Photonic metasurfaces, a kind of 2D structured medium, represent a novel platform to manipulate the propagation of light at subwavelength scale. In linear optical regime, many interesting topics such as planar meta-lenses, metasurface optical holography, and so on have been widely investigated. Recently, metasurfaces have gone into the nonlinear optical regime. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901188DOI Listing
April 2019
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Single-Stimulus-Induced Modulation of Multiple Optical Properties.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1900388. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University-Western University Centre for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, P. R. China.

Stimuli-responsive smart optical materials hold great promise for applications in active optics, display, sensing, energy conversion, military camouflage, and artificial intelligence. However, their applications are greatly restricted by the difficulty of tuning different optical properties within the same material, especially by a single stimulus. Here, magnetic modulations of multiple optical properties are demonstrated in a crystalline colloidal array (CCA) of magnetic nanorods. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201900388DOI Listing
April 2019
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Evidence of Spin Frustration in a Vanadium Diselenide Monolayer Magnet.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1901185. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Advanced 2D Materials (CA2DM) and Graphene Research Centre (GRC), National University of Singapore, 6 Science Drive 2, Singapore, 117546, Singapore.

Monolayer VSe , featuring both charge density wave and magnetism phenomena, represents a unique van der Waals magnet in the family of metallic 2D transition-metal dichalcogenides (2D-TMDs). Herein, by means of in situ microscopy and spectroscopic techniques, including scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy, synchrotron X-ray and angle-resolved photoemission, and X-ray absorption, direct spectroscopic signatures are established, that identify the metallic 1T-phase and vanadium 3d electronic configuration in monolayer VSe grown on graphite by molecular-beam epitaxy. Element-specific X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, complemented with magnetic susceptibility measurements, further reveals monolayer VSe as a frustrated magnet, with its spins exhibiting subtle correlations, albeit in the absence of a long-range magnetic order down to 2 K and up to a 7 T magnetic field. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901185DOI Listing
April 2019
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17.493 Impact Factor

A Liquid-Metal-Elastomer Nanocomposite for Stretchable Dielectric Materials.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1900663. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Integrated Soft Materials Lab, Carnegie Mellon University, Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Material Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA.

Stretchable high-dielectric-constant materials are crucial for electronic applications in emerging domains such as wearable computing and soft robotics. While previous efforts have shown promising materials architectures in the form of dielectric nano-/microinclusions embedded in stretchable matrices, the limited mechanical compliance of these materials significantly limits their practical application as soft energy-harvesting/storage transducers and actuators. Here, a class of liquid metal (LM)-elastomer nanocomposites is presented with elastic and dielectric properties that make them uniquely suited for applications in soft-matter engineering. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201900663DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads