514,345 results match your criteria Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal[Journal]


A multimodal (FACILE) classification for optical diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease associated neoplasia.

Endoscopy 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Gastroenterology, HSK Hospital, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Background:  Characterization of colonic lesions in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains challenging. We developed an endoscopic classification of visual characteristics to identify colitis-associated neoplasia using multimodal advanced endoscopic imaging (Frankfurt Advanced Chromoendoscopic IBD LEsions [FACILE] classification).

Methods:  The study was conducted in three phases: 1) development - an expert panel defined endoscopic signs and predictors of dysplasia in IBD and, using multivariable logistic regression created the FACILE classification; 2) validation - using 60 IBD lesions from an image library, two assessments of diagnostic accuracy for neoplasia were performed and interobserver agreement between experts using FACILE was determined; 3) reproducibility - the reproducibility of the FACILE classification was tested in gastroenterologists, trainees, and junior doctors after completion of a training module. Read More

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December 2018

Allosteric DNAzyme-based DNA logic circuit: operations and dynamic analysis.

Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Intelligent Computing, Dalian University, Ministry of Education, Dalian 116622, China.

Recently, due to the dual roles of DNA and enzyme, DNAzyme has been widely used in the field of DNA circuit, which has a wide range of applications in bio-engineered system, information processing and biocomputing. In fact, the activity of DNAzymes was regulated by subunits assembly, pH control and metal ions triggers. However, those regulations required to change the sequences of whole DNAzyme, as separating parts and inserting extra DNA sequence. Read More

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December 2018

KDM5D-mediated H3K4 demethylation is required for sexually dimorphic gene expression in mouse embryonic fibroblasts.

J Biochem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Life Science Center for Survival Dynamics, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Males and females share the same genetic code, but gene expression profile often displays differences between two sexes. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) have been used to experiment as a useful tool to test gene function. They have also been characterized by gender-based differences in expressed genes such as Y-linked Sry or X-linked Hprt. Read More

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December 2018

Multicenter experience with large panel next-generation sequencing in patients with advanced solid cancers in Japan.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: Application of next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) has recently become increasingly common in the field of clinical oncology in several countries around the world. In Japan also, a system for applying NGS to routine clinical practice is gradually being established. During this process, we introduced in Japan the tumor-profiling MSK-IMPACT (Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets) assay. Read More

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December 2018

Cohort Profile: the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study (The LS).

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Longitudinal Study Information and User Support (CeLSIUS), Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.

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December 2018

CD33 in Alzheimer's Disease - Biology, Pathogenesis, and Therapeutics: A Mini-Review.

Authors:
Lingzhi Zhao

Gerontology 2018 Dec 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects nearly 50 million people worldwide, and currently no disease-modifying treatment is available. With continuous failure of anti-amyloid-beta- or tau-based therapies, identification of new targets has become an urgent necessity for AD prevention and therapy. Recently, conventional genetic approaches and computational strategies have converged on immune-inflammatory pathways as key events in the pathogenesis of AD. Read More

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December 2018
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Accuracy and Pitfalls in the Assessment of Early Gastrointestinal Lesions.

Dig Dis 2018 Dec 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Superficial neoplastic lesions of the digestive tract are usually asymptomatic, and often represent incidental findings on endoscopy. The Paris Classification was developed for the systematic evaluation of superficial lesions of the oesophagus, stomach and colon. The significance of this classification in clinical practice is that it allows the depth of invasion to be estimated. Read More

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December 2018
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The "Difficult" Colorectal Polyps and Adenomas: Practical Aspects.

Dig Dis 2018 Dec 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Background: Colonoscopy is the gold standard for adenoma detection. All endoscopists who perform colonoscopy must by mandate be skilled to perform polypectomy. However, there are significant differences between endoscopists in terms of the polyp detection rate and in the effectiveness of polypectomy. Read More

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December 2018
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Scattering characteristics of an exciton-plasmon nanohybrid made by coupling a monolayer graphene nanoflake to a carbon nanotube.

J Phys Condens Matter 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Advanced Computing and Simulation Laboratory, Monash University, Clayton,, Victoria 3800, Melbourne, Victoria, 3800, AUSTRALIA.

A hybrid nanostructure where a graphene nanoflake (GNF) is optically coupled to a carbon nanotube (CNT) could potentially possess enhanced sensing capabilities compared to the individual constituents whilst inheriting their high biocompatibility, favourable electrical, mechanical and spectroscopic properties. Therefore, in this paper, we investigate the scattering characteristics of an all-carbon exciton-plasmon nanohybrid which was made by coupling an elliptical GNF resonator to a semiconducting CNT gain element. We analytically model the nanohybrid as an open quantum system using cavity quantum electrodynamics. Read More

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December 2018

Coherent optical and acoustic phonons generated at lattice-matched GaP/Si(001) heterointerfaces.

J Phys Condens Matter 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Physics, University of Florida, P.O. Box 118440, Gainesville, Florida, 32611, UNITED STATES.

Thin GaP films can be grown on an exact Si(001) substrate with nearly perfect lattice match. We perform all-optical pump-probe measurements to investigate the ultrafast electron-phonon coupling at the buried interface of GaP/Si. Above-bandgap excitation with a femtosecond laser pulse can induce coherent longitudinal optical (LO) phonons both in the GaP opverlayer and in the Si substrate. Read More

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December 2018

KLF4, A Gene Regulating Prostate Stem Cell Homeostasis, Is a Barrier to Malignant Progression and Predictor of Good Prognosis in Prostate Cancer.

Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(11):3006-3020.e7

Department of Cell Biology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Urology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address:

There is a considerable need to identify those individuals with prostate cancer who have indolent disease. We propose that genes that control adult stem cell homeostasis in organs with slow turnover, such as the prostate, control cancer fate. One such gene, KLF4, overexpressed in murine prostate stem cells, regulates their homeostasis, blocks malignant transformation, and controls the self-renewal of tumor-initiating cells. Read More

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December 2018

Crystal Structure of the Double Homeodomain of DUX4 in Complex with DNA.

Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(11):2955-2962.e3

Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:

Double homeobox (DUX) transcription factors are unique to eutherian mammals. DUX4 regulates expression of repetitive elements during early embryogenesis, but misexpression of DUX4 causes facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) and translocations overexpressing the DUX4 double homeodomain cause B cell leukemia. Here, we report the crystal structure of the tandem homeodomains of DUX4 bound to DNA. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[Clinical results of combined intracavitary-interstitial image-guided adaptive brachytherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer].

Magy Onkol 2018 Dec 10;62(4):249-257. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Onkológiai Tanszék, Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Budapest, Hungary.

We present the early clinical results achieved with image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) with combined intracavitary-interstitial (IC-IS) technique recently implemented in Hungary in the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). Twenty-one patients were treated with radio-chemotherapy (RCT) followed by combined IC-IS BT. At the end of the RCT we assessed the residual tumour with pelvic MRI. Read More

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December 2018

P_VggNet: A convolutional neural network (CNN) with pixel-based attention map.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208497. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Advanced Manufacturing Technology Center, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong province, China.

Attention maps have been fused in the VggNet structure (EAC-Net) [1] and have shown significant improvement compared to that of the VggNet structure. However, in [1], E-Net was designed based on the facial action unit (AU) center and for facial AU detection only. Thus, for the use of attention maps in every image type, this paper proposed a new convolutional neural network (CNN) structure, P_VggNet, comprising the following parts: P_Net and VggNet with 16 layers (VggNet-16). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Development of Onchocerca volvulus in humanized NSG mice and detection of parasite biomarkers in urine and serum.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 12;12(12):e0006977. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Background: The study of Onchocerca volvulus has been limited by its host range, with only humans and non-human primates shown to be susceptible to the full life cycle infection. Small animal models that support the development of adult parasites have not been identified.

Methodology/principal Findings: We hypothesized that highly immunodeficient NSG mice would support the survival and maturation of O. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

High Prevalence of Spinal Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Asymptomatic Young Adults (18-22 Yrs) Candidate to Air Force Flight.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Headquarters Joint Force Command (HQ JFC) of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Lago Patria, Giugliano in Campania (NA), Italy.

Study Design: Cross-sectional, retrospective, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging study, performed during cadets' selection procedures of the Italian Air Force Academy.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of spinal MR imaging findings in asymptomatic young adults (18-22 yrs) candidate to Air Force Flight.

Summary Of Background Data: Spinal MR imaging findings are frequently detected in asymptomatic subjects. Read More

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December 2018

Use of Well-Being in Identification of Members with Future Health Risk Factors and Future Diagnosed Chronic Disease.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Research and Advanced Data Science, Sharecare, Inc, 701 Cool Springs Boulevard, Franklin, TN 37067 (Hamar, Jones, Rickles); Concert Genetics, Inc., 810 Crescent Center Drive, Suite 280, Franklin, TN 37067 (Coberley); Tivity Health, 701 Cool Springs Boulevard, Franklin, TN 37067 (Rula).

Objective: To evaluate if well-being is associated with the development of future health risks or incidence of new chronic disease.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was employed using longitudinal well-being assessment survey data from participants of a Fortune 500 U.S. Read More

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December 2018

A scoping review of Advanced Practice Registered Nurses Consensus Model outcomes: Part four of a four-part series on critical topics identified by the 2015 Nurse Practitioner Research Agenda.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2018 Dec;30(12):710-723

School of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Background And Purpose: The Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRN) Consensus Model was produced by the APRN Joint Dialogue Group in 2008. The aim of the Consensus Model is to guide state boards on the implementation of APRN practice components, including licensure, accreditation, certification, and education and to clarify the legal scope of practice and APRN roles. The purpose of this scoping review and gap analysis was to appraise the evidence related to patient, nurse practitioner (NP) and organizational outcomes resulting from the Consensus Model. Read More

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December 2018

In Vivo Analysis of Urinary Stones With Dual-Energy Computed Tomography.

J Comput Assist Tomogr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Objective: Formation mechanisms and treatment of the urinary stones are different, depending on their chemical structure. Therefore, determining the stone type plays a key role in planning treatment and preventive measures. Computed tomography (CT), with the use of dual-energy technology in recent years, has made it possible to do in vivo analysis of urinary stones. Read More

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December 2018

The Prognostic Value of 18F-FDG Uptake in the Supraclavicular Lymph Node (N3c) on PET/CT in Patients With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer With Clinical N3c.

Clin Nucl Med 2019 Jan;44(1):e6-e12

From the Departments of Nuclear Medicine, and.

Purpose: We investigated the prognostic value of F-FDG uptake in the supraclavicular lymph node (SCLN) on PET/CT in breast cancer patients with clinical ipsilateral SCLN metastasis (cN3c).

Methods: Fifty-five female patients with initial F-FDG PET/CT were treated with curative intent. For semiquantitative analysis, the SUVmax of the primary tumor, axillary lymph node, and SCLN were normalized by the SUVmean of the liver (defined as SUVR-tumor, SUVR-axillary lymph node, and SUVR-SCLN, respectively). Read More

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January 2019
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Cardiotoxicity with trabectedin in the treatment of advanced soft tissue sarcoma.

Anticancer Drugs 2019 Jan;30(1):110-115

Department of Oncology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK.

Trabectedin is used routinely in the palliative management of patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma. It is not generally considered to be cardiotoxic, and there is no specific caution for its use in patients with a history of cardiac disease or risk factors. Here, we report six cases from a single academic centre where life-threatening cardiotoxicity occurred acutely during treatment with trabectedin. Read More

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January 2019

Effects of Mirror-Box Therapy on Modulation of Sensorimotor EEG Oscillatory Rhythms: A Single-Case Longitudinal Study.

J Neurophysiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

3Pacific Development and Technology, LLC.

We provide direct electrophysiological evidence that Mirror Therapy (MT) can change brain activity and aid in recovery of motor function after stroke. In this longitudinal single-case study, the subject was a 58-year-old man with right-hand hemiplegia due to ischemic stroke. Over a nine-month period we treated him with MT twice a week and measured electroencephalograms (EEG) before, during, and after each therapy session. Read More

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December 2018

Tomographic and Biomechanical Scheimpflug Imaging for Keratoconus Characterization: A Validation of Current Indices.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):840-847

Purpose: To analyze the potential benefit of the newly developed Tomography and Biomechanical Index (TBI) for early keratoconus screening.

Methods: In this retrospective study, the discriminatory power of the corneal tomography Belin/Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display (BAD-D) index and the newly developed Corvis Biomechanical Index (CBI) and TBI to differentiate between normal eyes, manifest keratoconus eyes (KCE), very asymmetric keratoconus eyes with ectasia (VAE-E), and their fellow eyes with either regular topography (VAE-NT) or regular topography and tomography (VAE-NTT) were analyzed by applying the t test (for normal distribution), Wilcoxon matched-pairs test (if not normally distributed), and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). The DeLong test was used to compare the area under the ROC (AUROC). Read More

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December 2018

Chiral iminophosphorane catalyzed asymmetric sulfenylation of 4-substituted pyrazolones.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Shanghai-Hong Kong Joint Laboratory in Chemical Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai 200032, China.

An excellent level of enantioselectivity in asymmetric sulfenylation of 4-substituted pyrazolones was achieved with chiral iminophosphorane as the organocatalyst under continuum solvation conditions (up to 99% ee). Importantly, this catalytic process features high efficiency with excellent enantioselectivities, easy separation of products, low catalytic loadings and scale-up to grams without loss of enantioselectivity. Read More

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December 2018

Up-to-date vaccine delivery systems: robust immunity elicited by multifarious nanomaterials upon administration through diverse routes.

Biomater Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, P. R. China. and City University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen 518075, P. R. China.

In this review, we summarize the recent design strategies (2015-present) of nanomaterial-based vaccine delivery systems via multiple routes to induce robust protective immunity. The selected topics are focused on the novel design strategies of nanomaterial carriers for vaccine delivery. Inspired by recent advances, we also briefly introduce the emerging administration routes that may give rise to synergistic immune effects with advanced delivery systems. Read More

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December 2018

Learning to Air-Breathe: The First Steps.

Physiology (Bethesda) 2019 Jan;34(1):14-29

Section for Zoophysiology, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University , Aarhus , Denmark.

Air-breathing in vertebrates has evolved many times among the bony fish while in water. Its appearance has had a fundamental impact on the regulation of ventilation and acid-base status. We review the physico-chemical constraints imposed by water and air, place the extant air-breathing fish into this framework, and show how that the advantages of combining control of ventilation and acid-base status are only available to the most obligate of air-breathing fish, thus highlighting promising avenues for research. Read More

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January 2019

Phys-MAPS: a programmatic physiology assessment for introductory and advanced undergraduates.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):15-27

Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado-Boulder , Boulder, Colorado.

We describe the development of a new, freely available, online, programmatic-level assessment tool, Measuring Achievement and Progress in Science in Physiology, or Phys-MAPS ( http://cperl.lassp.cornell. Read More

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The effect of leisure coping on depressive symptoms among individuals with depression: examination of potential confounding effects of physical activity and extraversion.

Psychol Health Med 2018 Dec 12:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

c School of Public Health , Indiana University , Bloomington , IN , USA.

Clinically significant depression has been consistently identified as a phenomenon directly linked to stress and stress coping. Leisure behavior as purposeful coping strategy (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Electronic Transport through DNA Nucleotides in Atomically Thin Phosphorene Electrodes for Rapid DNA Sequencing.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Rapid progresses in developing the fast, low-cost, and reliable methods for DNA sequencing are envisaged for development of personalized medicine. In this respect, nanotechnology has paved the role for the development of advanced DNA sequencing techniques including sequencing with solid-state nanopores or nanogaps. Herein, we have explored the application of a black phosphorene based nanogap-device for DNA sequencing. Read More

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December 2018

Atomistic Insight into Ion Transport and Conductivity in Ga/Al-Substituted LiLaZrO Solid Electrolytes.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Garnet-structured LiLaZrO is a promising solid electrolyte for next-generation solid-state Li batteries. However, sufficiently fast Li-ion mobility required for battery applications only emerges at high temperatures, upon a phase transition to cubic structure. A well-known strategy to stabilize the cubic phase at room temperature relies on aliovalent substitution; in particular, the substitution of Li by Al and Ga ions. Read More

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December 2018

Improving Ion Rejection of Conductive Nanofiltration Membrane through Electrically Enhanced Surface Charge Density.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Nanofiltration (NF) is considered a promising candidate for brackish and sea water desalination. NF exhibits high multivalent ion rejection, but the rejection rate for monovalent ions is relatively low. Besides, great challenges remain for conventional NF membranes to achieve high ion rejection without sacrificing water flux. Read More

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December 2018

Radiotherapy and immune response: the systemic effects of a local treatment.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Dec 10;73(suppl 1):e557s. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Departamento de Radiologia e Oncologia, Divisao de Radioterapia, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Technological developments have allowed improvements in radiotherapy delivery, with higher precision and better sparing of normal tissue. For many years, it has been well known that ionizing radiation has not only local action but also systemic effects by triggering many molecular signaling pathways. There is still a lack of knowledge of this issue. Read More

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December 2018

Surgical treatment of gastric cancer: a 10-year experience in a high-volume university hospital.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Dec 10;73(suppl 1):e543s. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Instituto do Cancer do Estado de Sao Paulo (ICESP), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: Surgery remains the cornerstone treatment modality for gastric cancer, the fifth most common type of tumor in Brazil. The aim of this study was to analyze the surgical treatment outcomes of patients with gastric cancer who were referred to a high-volume university hospital.

Methods: We reviewed all consecutive patients who underwent any surgical procedure due to gastric cancer from a prospectively collected database. Read More

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December 2018

THE ROLE OF SERUM CK-18, MMP-9 AND TIPM-1 LEVELS IN PREDICTING R0 RESECTION IN PATIENTS WITH GASTRIC CANCER.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1401. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery.

Background: Gastric cancer is the 3rd most common cause of death in men and the 5th common in women worldwide. Today, surgery is the only curative therapy. Currently available advanced imaging modalities can predict R0 resection in most patients, but it can only be detected with certainty in the perioperative period. Read More

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December 2018

Directional freezing of binary colloidal suspensions: a model for size fractionation of graphene oxide.

Soft Matter 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Center of Soft Matter Physics and Its Applications, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China.

The performance of graphene oxide (GO)-based materials strongly depends on the lateral size and size distribution of GO nanosheets. Various methods are employed to prepare GO nanosheets with a narrow size distribution. One promising method was proposed recently, directional freezing of a GO aqueous dispersion at a controlled growth rate of the freezing front. Read More

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December 2018

Patient-ventilator asynchronies: types, outcomes and nursing detection skills.

Acta Biomed 2018 Dec 7;89(7-S):6-18. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Fondazione Poliambulanza Hospital, Brescia (Italy).

Background: Mechanical ventilation is often employed as partial ventilatory support where both the patient and the ventilator work together. The ventilator settings should be adjusted to maintain a harmonious patient-ventilator interaction. However, this balance is often altered by many factors able to generate a patient ventilator asynchrony (PVA). Read More

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December 2018

Treatment strategy for huge hepatocellular carcinoma with intrahepatic metastasis and macrovascular invasion: a case report and literature review.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1233-S1236

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Macrovascular invasion, such as tumor thrombus in the major portal vein (mPVTT) or major hepatic vein (mHVTT), is regarded as indicative of an advanced stage of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To date, no effective treatment has been established for this kind of HCC. We herein present a case of huge HCC with intrahepatic metastasis, mPVTT, and mHVTT. Read More

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December 2018

Symptomatic treatment of brain metastases in renal cell carcinoma with sorafenib.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1223-S1226

Department of Chemotherapy, Cancer Center, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China.

Brain metastasis is synchronous to the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The prognosis of brain metastasis in RCC with the current treatment options is dismissal. Therefore, we present a case of an elderly female patient with RCC showing a partial response of brain metastasis after 18 months of 600 mg once daily sorafenib treatment who underwent right-sided nephrectomy. Read More

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December 2018
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Percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage combined with percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy for maintaining nutrition state in patients with advanced ampullary neoplasms.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1158-S1162

Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650101, Yunnan, China.

Purpose: To investigate the role of percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) combined with percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (PEJ) in maintaining the nutrition state in patients with advanced ampullary neoplasms.

Materials And Methods: Sixty patients who suffered from advanced ampullary neoplasms and could not tolerate internal drainage operation or biliary stent placement were enrolled. After PTCD, PEJ was implemented, and then the enteral nutrient solution + bile were instilled through PEJ tube for enteral nutrition support. Read More

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December 2018

Expression of programmed death-ligand 1 and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α proteins in endometrial carcinoma.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1063-S1069

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al Menoufia, Egypt.

Background: Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) proteins mediate major alterations of tumor microenvironment including generation of immunosuppressive microenvironment and tumor hypoxia, respectively. These alterations play a crucial role in carcinogenesis and tumor progression.

Aims: The present study was designed to investigate the correlation between the expression of PD-L1 and HIF-1α proteins and the clinicopathologic variables in endometrial carcinoma. Read More

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December 2018

Capecitabine monotherapy in advanced breast cancer resistant to anthracycline and taxane: A meta-analysis.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S957-S963

Department of Integrative Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China.

Background: Capecitabine monotherapy is usually used for advanced breast cancer (ABC) resistant to anthracycline and taxane, but there are still many other options too. Our meta-analysis assessed whether capecitabine monotherapy was superior or noninferior to the other regimens in ABC pretreated with anthracycline and taxane.

Materials And Methods: PubMed databases and abstracts from the proceedings of American Society of Clinical Oncology and San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium were searched for randomized controlled trials that compared capecitabine monotherapy with other regimens for ABC progression after anthracycline- and taxane-treatment. Read More

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December 2018

Moving from the present to the future of Postural Tachycardia Syndrome - What we need.

Auton Neurosci 2018 Dec 4;215:126-128. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Autonomic Dysfunction Center, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Our understanding about Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) has advanced significantly over the last 25 years. Despite the significant advances that have been made in defining the syndrome and finding some treatments for our patients, there is much work to be done to significantly improve our understanding of the disorder and improve therapeutics. In this article, 5 NEEDS are identified that will be required over the next several years if we want future care to move beyond where we are in the present. Read More

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December 2018
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Prognostic factors and patterns of failure in advanced stage Hodgkin lymphoma treated with combined modality therapy.

Radiother Oncol 2018 Dec 6;129(3):507-512. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: The role of irradiation to non-bulky and bulky sites of disease in advanced stage Hodgkin lymphoma is controversial. We aimed to review the long-term outcomes of patients treated with combined modality therapy to clarify the role of consolidative radiotherapy.

Materials And Methods: Patients with stage III or IV Hodgkin lymphoma treated with Stanford V chemotherapy and consolidative radiotherapy to initial sites of disease ≥5 cm were analyzed retrospectively to determine patient outcomes, patterns of failure, and factors associated with treatment failure. Read More

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December 2018

Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Cutaneous Sarcomas: Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2018 Dec 4;109(10):868-877. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Servicio de Dermatología, Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia, España.

Sarcomas comprise a broad group of tumors, many of whose biological behavior and aggressiveness differ from one type to another. The therapeutic approach is generally multidisciplinary and often complex. Developments in surgical and oncological dermatology during the last few decades have positioned dermatologists as specialists in the diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Narrative medicine applications for patient identity and quality of life in ventricular assist device (VAD) patients.

Heart Lung 2019 Jan 25;48(1):18-21. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Gill Heart Institute, University of Kentucky, CTW 320, 900 S. Limestone Street, Lexington, KY, USA.

Patients with advanced heart failure may experience a variety of challenges to their self-identity and quality of life due to their heart condition and treatment by implantation of a ventricular assist device (VAD). These challenges include loss of energy and stamina, loss of independence and autonomy, dependence on loved ones and caregivers for help, strained relationships with family and friends, and uncertainty about treatment outcomes and time of recovery. Narrative Medicine (NM) sessions may help patients to reflect on their situation, rediscover identity, and engage sources of meaning by telling or writing their story. Read More

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January 2019

Risk of non-lethal abnormalities should not prevent pregnancies in women of advanced maternal age.

Reprod Biomed Online 2018 Nov 6;37(5):649. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

University of the Basque Country, barrio sarriena s/n, leioa, leioa, Spain; IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, BIlbao, Spain.

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November 2018

Heart Transplantation Cost Composition in Brazil: A Patient-Level Microcosting Analysis and Comparison With International Data.

J Card Fail 2018 Dec 26;24(12):860-863. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Heart Transplant Program, Division of Cardiology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil; National Health Technology Assessment Institute, National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Advanced heart failure (HF) therapies, such as heart transplantation, are resource intensive and costly. In Brazil, only one-fifth of the estimated population need is fulfilled. We examined cost expenditures of heart transplants in a public institution in Brazil. Read More

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December 2018

The Incremental Value of Right Ventricular Size and Strain in the Risk Assessment of Right Heart Failure Post - Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation.

J Card Fail 2018 Dec 26;24(12):823-832. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine and Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Palo Alto, California.

Background: Right heart failure (RHF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Existing risk scores include semiquantitative evaluation of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. This study aimed to determine whether quantitative evaluation of both RV size and function improve risk stratification for RHF after LVAD implantation beyond validated scores. Read More

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December 2018

Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy for patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Semin Oncol 2018 Aug 24;45(4):236-248. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Lu-DOTATATE peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is now approved for patients with advanced gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NET), and it is therefore important to understand the efficacy and safety of PRRT in this patient population. PRRT efficacy and safety outcomes have frequently been summarized for patient populations with gastroenteropancreatic NET, but not specifically in patients with pancreatic NET (panNET). The pivotal phase 3 trial of Lu-DOTATATE PRRT in NET was restricted to patients with a midgut primary site. Read More

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Cryoballoon Ablation for the Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis.

Curr Cardiol Rev 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Cardiology, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY. United States.

Background: Ablation therapy is the treatment of choice in antiarrhythmic drug refractory atrial fibrillation (AF). It is performed by either cryoballoon ablation (CBA) or radiofrequency ablation. CBA is gaining popularity due to simplicity with similar efficacy and complication rate compared with RFA. Read More

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December 2018
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