59,128 results match your criteria Adrenal Surgery


Hypercalcemia and bulky primary adrenal non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A case report.

Med Clin (Barc) 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of General and Digestive Surgery. Hospital Universitario Virgen de Valme, Sevilla, Spain.

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Post-operative volumes following endoscopic surgery for non-functioning pituitary macroadenomas are predictive of further intervention, but not endocrine outcomes.

BMC Endocr Disord 2021 Jun 10;21(1):116. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Leeds Centre for Diabetes & Endocrinology, St James's University Hospital, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.

Background: Transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) remains the treatment of choice for non-functioning pituitary macroadenomas (NFPMA). The value of measuring tumour volumes before and after surgery, and its influence on endocrine outcomes and further treatment of the residual or recurrent tumour are unknown.

Methods: Data from patients who underwent endoscopic TSS for a NFPMA (2009-2018) in a UK tertiary centre were analysed for pre- and post-operative endocrine and surgical outcomes. Read More

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A novel supplement with yeast β-glucan, prebiotic, minerals and Silybum marianum synergistically modulates metabolic and inflammatory pathways and improves steatosis in obese mice.

J Integr Med 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Laboratory of Medical Investigation (LIM-26), Department of Surgery, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, SP 01246903, Brazil; Program in Anesthesiology, Surgical Sciences, and Perioperative Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 01246903, Brazil; Brazilian Academic Consortium for Integrative Health (CABSIN), Natural Products Committee, São Paulo, SP 05449-070, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the synergic effects of a novel oral supplement formulation, containing prebiotics, yeast β-glucans, minerals and silymarin (Silybum marianum), on lipid and glycidic metabolism, inflammatory and mitochondrial proteins of the liver, in control and high-fat diet-induced obese mice.

Methods: After an acclimation period, 32 male C57BL/6 mice were divided into the following groups: nonfat diet (NFD) vehicle, NFD supplemented, high-fat diet (HFD) vehicle and HFD supplemented. The vehicle and experimental formulation were administered orally by gavage once a day during the last four weeks of the diet (28 consecutive days). Read More

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Prevalence of Renal Masses Suspected of Malignancy and Adrenal Incidentalomas in Patients With Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

Vasc Endovascular Surg 2021 Jun 9:15385744211022603. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Center for Intensive Care and Perioperative Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Objective: The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of renal masses suspected of malignancy and adrenal incidentalomas in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm based on the computed tomography angiography (CTA).

Methods: In the retrospective cross-sectional study, the CTA scans of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms and thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms type II-IV were assessed. Patients with thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms type I and V and history of abdominal aortic surgery were excluded from the study. Read More

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Anaphylaxis is a rare reaction in COVID-19 vaccination.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2021 Jun 9;35(3). Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Postgraduate Medical School, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy.

Anaphylaxis is a severe multisystem reaction that occurs rapidly after the introduction of an antigen that would otherwise be a harmless substance. It is characterized by airway and respiratory problems, cardiovascular collapse, mucosal inflammation, and other complications, all severe symptoms that can cause death. IgE-dependent anaphylaxis involves mast cells (MCs) which are the main sources of biologically active mediators that contribute to the pathological and lethal phenomena that can occur in anaphylaxis. Read More

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The Impact of COVID-19 Disease on Urology Practice.

Surg J (N Y) 2021 Apr 3;7(2):e83-e91. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Urology/General Surgery, Areteion Hospital, Athens, Greece.

The diagnosis and timely treatment of cancer patients should not be compromised during an infectious disease pandemic. The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has serious implications on urology practice and raises particular questions for urologists about the management of different conditions. It was recommended to cancel most of the elective urological surgeries. Read More

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Outside the Thorax: Doege-Potter Syndrome Presenting as a Retroperitoneal Abdominal Mass.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2021 19;2021:9919321. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Objective: We present a case of refractory hypoglycemia, weight loss, and retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor. . A 68-year-old female presented with symptomatic hypoglycemia, weight loss, and abdominal mass identified on CT scan of the abdomen. Read More

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High-volume, multilevel local anesthetics-Epinephrine infiltration in kyphoscoliosis surgery: Intra and postoperative analgesia.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2021 Jan-Mar;37(1):73-78. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Background And Aims: Local anesthetic (LA) infiltration is one of the analgesic techniques employed during scoliosis correction surgery. However, its efficacy is controversial. In the present study for optimizing analgesia using the infiltration technique, we proposed two modifications; first is the preemptive use of high volume infiltration, second is applying three anatomical multilevel infiltrations involving the sensory, motor, and sympathetic innervations consecutively. Read More

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An unusual case of ectopic thyroid tissue in an adrenal gland presenting as a cyst.

Indian J Cancer 2021 Apr-Jun;58(2):294-295

Department of General and Laparoscopic Surgery, Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi, India.

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Contribution of Growth Arrest-Specific 5/miR-674 to the Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal Axis Regulation Effect by Electroacupuncture following Trauma.

Neuroimmunomodulation 2021 Jun 7:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Background: Electroacupuncture (EA) can improve trauma-induced hypothalamus pituitary adrenal axis (HPA) hyperactivity. However, the mechanism underlying the EA effect has not been fully understood.

Methods And Study Design: This study was undertaken to explore the role of hypothalamic growth arrest-specific 5 (Gas5) in the regulation of EA on HPA axis function post-surgery. Read More

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Total laparoscopic excision of retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 29;83:106053. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.

Introduction: Ganglioneuromas are rare benign tumors originating from neural crests and typically affect young adults. The most frequent locations are the posterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum and adrenal gland. In general, retroperitoneal ganglioneuromas are discovered incidentally or by mass effect. Read More

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Treatment-resistant hypertension in a post-transplant patient with cystic fibrosis: a rare case of phaeochromocytoma.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2021 Jun 1;2021. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of EndocrinologyMater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Summary: Phaeochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine-producing tumour. We present the case of phaeochromocytoma in a young man with a background history of a double-lung transplant for cystic fibrosis (CF). Clinical case: A 25-year-old man, with a background history of CF, CF-related diabetes (CFRD) and a double-lung transplant in 2012 was presented to the emergency department with crampy abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Read More

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Cushing's Disease as a Result of Two ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Tumors.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Mar-Apr;7(2):149-152. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: Our objective is to present a case of Cushing's disease (CD) with 2 adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary tumors. Multiple monohormonal pituitary tumors are rare. This case supports a consideration of repeat transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) in patients with initial surgical failure. Read More

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December 2020

circRNA-TBC1D4, circRNA-NAALAD2 and circRNA-TGFBR3: Selected Key circRNAs in Neuroblastoma and Their Associations with Clinical Features.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 28;13:4271-4281. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, National Children's Medical Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Objective: The roles of circRNAs in neuroblastoma (NB) are unclear. We used next-generation sequencing to detect the circRNA expression profiles in NB to identify the key circRNAs and analyzed the relationships between the circRNAs and clinical features.

Methods: Five paired neuroblastoma tumor and adjacent normal fetal adrenal medulla samples were collected for high-throughput RNA sequencing. Read More

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Is there an association between prostate-specific antigen and androgen levels in 46, XX patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

J Pediatr Urol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Multidisciplinary Clinic for Disorders of Sexual Development, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), a genetic disease characterized by defective cortisol synthesis and excessive levels of sex hormones, can cause precocious puberty in both sexes in untreated individuals and virilization in female patients with a 46, XX karyotype. The female paraurethral (Skene's) gland has been reported as prostate analogous. Growth of prostate tissue is associated with androgen production; therefore, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels may represent a marker of virilization in 46, XX patients with CAH. Read More

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In vitro and in vivo tenocyte-protective effectiveness of dehydroepiandrosterone against high glucose-induced oxidative stress.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 5;22(1):519. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, 650-0017, Kobe, Japan.

Background: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), an adrenal steroid, has a protective role against diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo protective effects of DHEA against high glucose-induced oxidative stress in tenocytes and tendons.

Methods: Tenocytes from normal Sprague-Dawley rats were cultured in low-glucose (LG) or high-glucose (HG) medium with or without DHEA. Read More

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Gender-role behaviour and gender identity in girls with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

BMC Pediatr 2021 06 5;21(1):262. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Introduction: Girls with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) are exposed to excess fetal adrenal androgens in-utero, and often born with masculinised genitalia. They are conventionally reared as females, but show more "boyish" gender-role behaviour (GRB) and gender-identity (GI) issues in childhood and adolescence. Male-rearing is also reported mainly due to delayed treatment and/or socio-cultural factors. Read More

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Multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A with RET mutation p.Cys611Tyr: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e26230

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Longgang District People's Hospital of Shenzhen, The Third Affiliated Hospital (Provisional) of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Longgang central city, Shenzhen, Guangdong, P.R. China.

Rationale: Multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A (MEN2A) is a rare autosomal-dominant genetic syndrome, frequently misdiagnosed or neglected clinically, resulting in delayed therapy to patients.

Patient Concerns: A 47-year-old Chinese male patient underwent laparoscopic right adrenal tumorectomy, and postoperative pathology confirmed the tumor as pheochromocytoma (PHEO). He was readmitted to the department of endocrinology and metabolism due to constant increase in carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) at 5 months after the operation. Read More

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Incidence, characteristics and risk factors for perioperative cardiac arrest and 30-day-mortality in preterm infants requiring non-cardiac surgery.

J Clin Anesth 2021 Jun 1;73:110366. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine, Transfusion Medicine, and Pain Therapy, Protestant Hospital of the Bethel Foundation, Bielefeld University Hospital, Campus Bielefeld-Bethel, University of Bielefeld, Burgsteig 13, 33617 Bielefeld, Germany. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To determine 30-day-mortality, incidence and characteristics of perioperative cardiac arrest as well as the respective independent risk factors in preterm infants undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

Design: Retrospective observational Follow-up-study.

Setting: Bielefeld University Hospital, a German tertiary care hospital. Read More

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A Prospective Randomized Trial of Surgeon-Administered Intraoperative Transversus Abdominis Plane Block With Bupivacaine Against Liposomal Bupivacaine: The TINGLE Trial.

Dis Colon Rectum 2021 Jul;64(7):888-898

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Transversus abdominis plane blocks are increasingly used to achieve opioid-sparing analgesia after colorectal surgery. Traditionally, bupivacaine was the long-acting analgesic of choice, but the addition of dexamethasone and/or epinephrine to bupivacaine may extend block duration. Liposomal bupivacaine has also been suggested to achieve an extended analgesia duration of 72 hours but is significantly more expensive. Read More

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A Close Encounter - Left Pneumonia and Pancreatic Tail Fistula after Laparoscopic Left Adrenalectomy.

Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) 2020 Oct-Dec;16(4):526-529

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy - Surgery, Bucharest, Romania.

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is currently considered the gold standard for adrenal tumors up to 6 cm, and although with far less morbidity than the open alternative, when it comes to its complications we should not look away. The case concerns a 51-year old obese male that underwent left laparoscopic adrenalectomy for incidentaloma and developed pancreatic tail fistula. Without an evident pancreatic lesion during surgery and an uneventful early postoperative course the patient was discharged only to return 4 days later with respiratory symptoms and mild abdominal discomfort in the left upper quadrant. Read More

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Virilising adrenocortical carcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 2;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Universidade Nova de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Lisboa, Portugal

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy, with an estimated annual incidence of 0.7-2 cases per million and a median overall survival of 3-4 years. Hormone-secreting ACCs represent most cases; of these, only a small minority presents with virilisation alone. Read More

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Therapeutic Outcomes with Surgical and Medical Management of Primary Aldosteronism.

Curr Cardiol Rep 2021 Jun 3;23(7):89. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Division of Endocrine and Oncologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, 4 Silverstein Pavilion, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of secondary hypertension and is significantly under-diagnosed. Delays in diagnosis and treatment can lead to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to review the management of PA, with a focus on medical and surgical treatment outcomes. Read More

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Rare genetic mutation triggering acute liver failure in a toddler requiring a liver transplant.

Pediatr Transplant 2021 Jun 2:e14048. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

APS-1 is an extremely rare, autosomal recessive condition that often presents with candidiasis, adrenal insufficiency, and hypoparathyroidism. This condition is associated with autoimmune hepatitis in less than 20% of cases, and there have only been a few reports of children with the condition who developed ALF. We present a unique case of an infant with APS-1 who developed ALF and subsequently required liver transplantation. Read More

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Percutaneous periarticular analgesic injection at one day after simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty: an open-label randomized control trial.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jun 1;16(1):357. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, 663-8501, Japan.

Background: The postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a critical issue. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effectiveness of percutaneous periarticular injection at 1 day following simultaneous bilateral TKA.

Methods: A total of 88 knees in 44 patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral TKA were randomly assigned to receive a percutaneous periarticular injection at 1 day following surgery (n = 22 patients) or no injection (n = 22 patients). Read More

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A First Case Report of Orbital Extra-Adrenal Paraganglioma in Cat.

Vet Sci 2021 May 14;8(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Veterinary Practitioner, Via della Moda, 4-06125 Perugia, Italy.

Paraganglioma is a rare neuroendocrine neoplasm originating from paraganglia and consisting of neuroendocrine cells of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Extra-adrenal paraganglioma occurs with a low incidence in both humans and animals. This report presents the first case of paraganglioma in a cat with orbital primary location. Read More

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Two Distinctive POMC Promoters Modify Gene Expression in Cushing's Disease.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Pituitary Center, Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Context: Mechanisms underlying pituitary corticotroph adenoma ACTH production are poorly understood, yet circulating ACTH levels closely correlate with adenoma phenotype and clinical outcomes.

Objective: We characterized the 5' ends of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene transcripts, which encode the precursor polypeptide for ACTH, in order to investigate additional regulatory mechanisms of POMC gene transcription and ACTH production.

Methods: We examined 11 normal human pituitary tissues, 32 ACTH-secreting tumors, as well as 6 silent pituitary corticotroph adenomas (SCA) that immunostain for but do not secrete ACTH. Read More

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Whey protein preloading can alleviate stress adaptation disorder and improve hyperglycemia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2021 Jun 1:1-5. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yuhuangding Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University, Yantai, China.

Aims: To investigate the change of stress hormones, oxidative stress and insulin resistance (IR) in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) after supplement whey protein, in an attempt to gain insights into the prevention and treatment of GDM.

Materials And Methods: 60 GDM women were recruited in this study, and 30 women received a preload drink containing 20 g whey protein as group GDM-W, and the other 30 women received control flavoring drink as group GDM, and the trial lasted for 14 days. Plasma epinephrine (E), noradrenaline (NE), and cortisol were detected; we also determined levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione (GSH). Read More

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Determination of adrenal hypersecretion in primary Aldosteronism without aldosterone-production adenomas.

BMC Endocr Disord 2021 May 31;21(1):114. Epub 2021 May 31.

Center for Hypertension and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Hypertension and Endocrinology, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University of PLA, Chongqing, 400042, China.

Background: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is highly prevalent in hypertensive population. Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is the only procedure to assess adrenal aldosterone hypersecretion in PA. PA patients without aldosterone-producing adenomas (APA) frequently have unilateral aldosterone hypersecretion (UAH). Read More

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Adrenal schwannoma: A case report of an unusual incidentaloma.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;83:106018. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Adrenal schwannomas are extremely rare tumors often misdiagnosed. The patients are usually asymptomatic while some present with non-specific abdominal pain. Only a few cases are reported to date. Read More

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