7,917 results match your criteria Adrenal Hemorrhage


Primary Adrenal Malignant Rhabdoid Tumor in a 14-Year-Old Female: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 Jun 9:10668969211024331. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) is a rare, SWItch/sucrose nonfermentable-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily B member 1 ()-deficient, aggressive tumor, occurring predominantly in children below 3 years of age. Primary adrenal MRT is extremely rare, with only 3 cases reported in the literature. A previously healthy 14-year-old female presented with left upper quadrant/epigastric abdominal pain. Read More

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Clinicopathological features of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 May 24;224:153490. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Pathology, the First Medical Center of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) General Hospital, Beijing, 100083, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To explore the clinicopathological features of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of the spleen.

Methods: The clinicopathological data of 26 SANT patients were analyzed.

Result: There were 15 men and 11 women, aged 23-62 years (mean: 43. Read More

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Fatal case of TAFRO syndrome with unilateral adrenal hemorrhage in early-stage disease.

J Clin Exp Hematop 2021 ;61(2):109-113

Department of Oncology and Hematology, Nara Prefecture General Medical Center, Nara, Japan.

Thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin fibrosis/renal failure, and organomegaly comprise TAFRO syndrome, which was proposed as a distinct clinical entity from iMCD without TAFRO syndrome (iMCD-NOS) due to its aggressive clinical course, refractoriness to corticosteroids, presence of thrombocytopenia, increased level of alkaline phosphatase, and normal level of gammaglobulin. However, diagnosing TAFRO syndrome in its early stages is challenging because it is rare and its diagnostic criteria are complicated. We describe a patient with TAFRO syndrome and adrenal hemorrhage who demonstrated a rapid decline in her clinical condition and did not respond to steroid pulse therapy, resulting in a fatal outcome. Read More

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January 2021

Efficacy and safety of low-dose corticosteroid with azathioprine in the treatment of elderly-onset IgA vasculitis with nephritis.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 2;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Nephrology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, Itabashi-ku, Japan.

The diagnosis of elderly-onset IgA vasculitis (IgAV) and its prognosis can be difficult to ascertain because of its rarity and the frequent presence of comorbidities. Furthermore, the treatment of elderly-onset IgAV remains controversial. We report a case of IgAV in an 87-year-old patient. Read More

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Percutaneous injection of epinephrine with lidocaine for hemostatic control of body wall iatrogenic hemorrhage.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Authors are from Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH. Electronic address:

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Abnormal presentation of haemorrhagic adrenal cyst.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 26;14(5). Epub 2021 May 26.

AMU, West Suffolk Hospitals NHS Trust, Bury Saint Edmunds, UK.

An 81-year-old patient presented with fever and lethargy for 3 weeks. There were no other signs or symptoms of infection. Detailed history revealed a fall onto his right flank, prior to the start of fever. Read More

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Application of Hemocoagulase Bothrops Atrox in the submucosal injection for endoscopic submucosal dissection: a preliminary trial.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using Hemocoagulase Bothrops Atrox in the submucosal injection solution for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).

Methods: A total of 120 patients with superficial neoplastic lesions of the esophagus, stomach, and colon receiving ESD were randomly divided into two groups: The epinephrine group used epinephrine-containing submucosal fluid cushion for ESD, while the hemocoagulase group used Hemocoagulase Bothrops Atrox-containing submucosal fluid cushion for ESD. The preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative clinical parameters and postoperative adverse events of the two groups were recorded, and comparative analysis within and between groups was performed. Read More

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ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries secondary to anterior communicating cerebral artery aneurysmal rupture: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 May 5;5(5):ytab168. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Cardiology, Kettering General Hospital, NHS, Rothwell Road, Kettering, NN16 8UZ, UK.

Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) with non-obstructive coronary arteries presenting with ST-segment elevation can be challenging. Understanding the cardiac and non-cardiac causes aid in identifying the underlying diagnosis and deciding on the management. Neurological insult resulting in a mismatch of oxygen supply or demand to cardiomyocytes can lead to type 2 MI. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the kidneys and adrenals in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Radiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.

Pediatric applications of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) are growing. Evaluation of the kidneys and adrenal glands in children using intravenous administration of US contrast agents, however, is still an off-label indication. Pediatric CEUS applications for kidneys are similar to those in adults, including ischemic disorders, pseudo- versus real tumors, indeterminate lesions, complex cystic lesions, complicated pyelonephritis, and abscesses. Read More

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Acute coronary syndrome: Uncommon presentation of multiple endocrine neoplasia.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;83:105926. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Cardiology, Mohamed First University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Oujda, Morocco; Laboratory of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Oujda, Morocco.

Introduction: Myocardial infarction is usually due to thrombotic occlusion of a coronary vessel caused by rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerosis plaque. There is also the acute myocardial infarction with no evidence of relevant stenosis of the coronary artery, known as myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) such as Takotsubo, myocarditis and catecholamine induced cardiomyopathy. Pheochromocytoma is one of the causes of MINOCA. Read More

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Pheochromocytoma presenting as an authentic small vessel vasculitis and complicated with pulmonary embolism: An original presentation.

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2021 Jun 4;70(3):168-170. Epub 2021 May 4.

Service de médecine interne, Hôpital Mongi Slim La Marsa, Tunis, Tunisia.

Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma can be simple when classic manifestations are present. It can also be challenging and complicated in some cases because of its wide array of faces and presentations. We present a case of a 30-year-old female patient who came with acute respiratory distress, chest pain, hemoptysis, asthenia, anorexia, weight loss of 20kg, and paresthesia in her lower limbs. Read More

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A 45-year-old female patient with Sheehan's syndrome presenting with imminent adrenal crisis: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 8;15(1):229. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Sheehan's syndrome is hypopituitarism due to pituitary gland necrosis resulting from hemorrhagic shock during pregnancy. It is a rare complication with varied manifestations and a considerable delay in diagnosis.

Case Presentation: We describe the case of a 45-year-old Ethiopian woman who presented with generalized fatigue for 18 years which progressed to anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain of 6 years' duration, for which she was treated symptomatically throughout these years. Read More

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Rare Case of Multiple Perirenal, Extra-Adrenal Myelolipoma: Case Report, Current Management Options, and Literature Review.

Case Rep Urol 2021 13;2021:6614641. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Reanimatology, and Intensive Care, Varaždin General Hospital, I. Meštrovića 1, Varaždin, Croatia.

Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are rare, asymptomatic entities, although large tumors may cause local symptoms or hemorrhage. When these lesions occur outside the adrenals in the retroperitoneum, they are radiographically easily confused with both primary and secondary retroperitoneal tumors, which tend to be aggressive. Although myelolipomas are benign and can be managed conservatively, if malignancy is suspected, a surgical procedure is an option. Read More

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A Case of Sheehan Syndrome 7 Years Postpartum with Transaminitis and Hyperlipidemia.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 5;22:e930908. Epub 2021 May 5.

Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Health System - Southwest Minnesota region, Mankato, MN, USA.

BACKGROUND Sheehan syndrome (pituitary necrosis after postpartum hemorrhage) can present in various ways, depending on the hormones that are deficient. There may be a long delay to diagnosis of over a decade because symptoms are often vague and pituitary dysfunction progresses gradually. We describe a case of a patient with acute presentation of Sheehan syndrome 7 years after the obstetric event and with no clear precipitating event. Read More

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Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome in a cat with Klebsiella spp. infection.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK.

Objective: To describe a case of Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome of adrenocortical failure in a cat with Klebsiella spp. infection.

Case Summary: A 12-year-old male neutered domestic short-haired cat was referred for respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Read More

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Glycerol Improves Intracerebral Hemorrhagic Brain Injury and Associated Kidney Dysfunction in Rats.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Apr 19;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Medical Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung City 407, Taiwan.

In stroke patients, the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) is closely linked with worse outcomes and increased mortality. In this study, the interplay between post-stroke and AKI and treatment options was investigated in a rodent model of hemorrhagic stroke. Intrastriatal collagenase injection for 24 h caused neurological deficits, hematoma formation, brain edema, apoptosis, blood-brain barrier disruption, oxidative stress, and neuroinflammation in Sprague Dawley rats. Read More

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A Rare Case of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Temporally Associated to the COVID-19 Vaccine Administration.

J Pers Med 2021 Apr 8;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Medicine of Precision, School of Medicine, "Luigi Vanvitelli" University of Campania, 80147 Naples, Italy.

Globally, at the time of writing (20 March 2021), 121.759.109 confirmed COVID-19 cases have been reported to the WHO, including 2. Read More

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Management of hypopituitarism: a perspective from the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Unidade de Neuroendocrinologia, Laboratório de Endocrinologia Celular e Molecular LIM-25, Divisão de Endocrinologia e Metabolismo, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Hypopituitarism is a disorder characterized by insufficient secretion of one or more pituitary hormones. New etiologies of hypopituitarism have been recently described, including head trauma, cerebral hemorrhage, and drug-induced hypophysitis. The investigation of patients with these new disorders, in addition to advances in diagnosis and treatment of hypopituitarism, has increased the prevalence of this condition. Read More

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February 2021

Impact of neonatal resuscitation changes on outcomes of very-low-birth-weight infants.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 26;11(1):9003. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 211 Eonjuro Gangnamgu, Seoul, 06273, Republic of Korea.

The improvement of delivery room care, according to the 2015 International Consensus, may affect neonatal outcome, especially in very-low-birth-weight infants. We aimed to investigate the current practice of neonatal resuscitation by year and analyze the association with neonatal outcomes. A total of 8142 very-low-birth-weight infants, registered in the Korean Neonatal Network between 2014 and 2017 were included. Read More

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Non-functioning adrenocortical carcinoma.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jun 3;16(6):1329-1334. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Radiology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy that arises from the adrenal cortex and can be classified as either non-functioning or functioning. A patient with non-functioning ACC may present no specific symptoms. Imaging analysis can provide some information to a clinician who suspects ACC, such as tumor size, density, washout, necrosis, hemorrhage, and calcification. Read More

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Changes in the Size of a Ruptured Pheochromocytoma after Transcatheter Arterial Embolization.

Case Rep Med 2021 4;2021:5568978. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.

The spontaneous rupture of a pheochromocytoma is rare and can be potentially fatal. We report a case of a tumor size reduction of a ruptured pheochromocytoma after transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). A 60-year-old Japanese woman was referred to the emergency department of another hospital with a sudden onset of left lateral pain. Read More

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Acute cardiac complications and subclinical myocardial injuries associated with pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 21;21(1):203. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 188 Shizi Road, Suzhou City, 215006, People's Republic of China.

Background: Catecholamine excess arising from pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) can cause a wide spectrum of cardiac manifestations, including acute cardiac complications (ACCs) and subclinical myocardial injuries (SMIs). In this study, we aimed to conduct a comprehensive analysis of ACCs and SMIs in a large cohort of patients with PPGLs.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of consecutive patients with PPGLs admitted between January 2013 and July 2020 (n = 189). Read More

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Thrombocytopenia with acute ischemic stroke and bleeding in a patient newly vaccinated with an adenoviral vector-based COVID-19 vaccine.

J Thromb Haemost 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

We describe the first Danish case of presumed inflammatory and thrombotic response to vaccination with an adenoviral (ChAdOx1) vector-based COVID-19 vaccine (AZD1222). The case describes a 60-year-old woman who was admitted with intractable abdominal pain 7 days after receiving the vaccine. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed bilateral adrenal hemorrhages. Read More

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A collision between vascular adrenal cyst and adrenocortical adenoma.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jun 28;16(6):1294-1299. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Department of Urology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine Yokohama City Seibu Hospital, 1197-1 Yasashicho Asahi Ward, Yokohama, Kanagawa 241-0811, Japan.

We report a patient with sigmoid colon cancer who revealed a unique collision of hemorrhagic vascular adrenal cyst and adrenocortical adenoma with myelolipomatous changes. Two months before referral to our hospital, anticoagulant therapy was started for acute myocardial infarction. The components of the adrenocortical adenoma demonstrated a typical signal drop in opposed-phase magnetic resonance (MR) images although macroscopic fat was also depicted both on CT and MR images. Read More

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Vanishing Adrenal Mass in Pregnancy.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Jan-Feb;7(1):72-74. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, & Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine and the Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism, Gainesville, Florida.

Objectives: The evaluation of an adrenal mass is challenging. We present the case of a 33-year-old pregnant woman who was found to have an adrenal incidentaloma. Four months after the initial imaging, the mass vanished. Read More

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December 2020

GnRH agonist-associated pituitary apoplexy: a case series and review of the literature.

Pituitary 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 100 Blossom Street, Cox140, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Purpose: To examine the clinical presentation and longitudinal outcome of Pituitary Apoplexy (PA) after gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in a series of patients and compare to prior reports.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on seven patients receiving GnRHa who developed PA. Prior reported cases were analyzed. Read More

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Intravenous versus oral omeprazole on patients with high risk bleeding peptic ulcers: A prospective randomized clinical trial protocol.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25136

Department of Gastroenterology, Jiangjin District Central Hospital, Chongqing, China, 402260.

Background: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) decrease the rate of rebleeding following endoscopic hemostatic therapy in patients with bleeding peptic ulcers. This study compares the efficacy of oral omeprazole vs intravenous omeprazole in decrease of rebleeding of peptic ulcer patients.

Method: The present study was authorized by the local research ethics committee of Jiangjin District Central Hospital (2020120987) and informed consent was obtained from all patients. Read More

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Pearls & Oy-sters: Cerebral Microbleeds Caused by Adrenocortical Adenoma-Related Primary Aldosteronism.

Neurology 2021 05 7;96(20):960-962. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

From the Departments of Neurology (S.M.L., S.Y.M.), Endocrinology (Y.J.C.), Ophthalmology (K.L.), Thyroid Endocrinology Surgery (H.K.K.), Cardiology (J.-S.P.), Neurosurgery (Y.C.L.), and Pathology (J.-H.K.), Ajou University School of Medicine; and Department of Medical Sciences (S.M.L.), Graduate School of Ajou University, Suwon, Republic of Korea.

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Acute kidney injury and nephrotic syndrome associated with eltrombopag therapy in chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 7;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

James Paget University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, UK.

A 77-year-old man was admitted with severe acute kidney injury and nephrotic syndrome. He was started on eltrombopag for chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura 6 weeks earlier. An ultrasound of the kidneys was normal and an auto-antibody screen was negative. Read More

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Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage in a man with severe COVID-19 pneumonia.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jun 27;16(6):1438-1442. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Southend University Hospital.

This case report demonstrates bilateral adrenal hemorrhage in a fifty-year old man with severe COVID-19 pneumonia. We discuss how adrenal hemorrhage can be one of the possible complications of COVID-19. The case also shows how adrenal hemorrhage can be diagnosed incidentally in a scan performed for a different reason given the difficulty of clinical diagnosis and the non-specific clinical presentation. Read More

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