274,362 results match your criteria Adrenal Carcinoma Imaging


Hypercortisolism in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Study of 384 Newly Diagnosed Patients.

Horm Metab Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Cross-sectional studies in small and selected populations report a high prevalence of hypercortisolism in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), which could have therapeutic implications, if confirmed. We therefore estimated the prevalence of hypercortisolism in a large and unselected cohort of recently diagnosed T2D patients. Consecutive patients with recently diagnosed T2D first underwent an overnight dexamethasone (1 mg) suppression test (OD). Read More

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December 2018
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Urine Catecholamines in Children with Severe Enterovirus A71 infection: Comparison with Paediatric Septic Shock.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 6:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Children's Medical Center , Taichung Veterans General Hospital , Taichung , Taiwan.

Purpose: Hypercatecholaminemia-related heart failure has been proposed as the main cause of enterovirus A71-related (EV-A71) early mortality. The purpose of this study was to measure urine catecholamine concentrations in severe EV-A71-infected children.

Methods: A total of 35 children, aged 2. Read More

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December 2018

Validation of the Targeted Metabolomic Pathway in the Hippocampus and Comparative Analysis with the Prefrontal Cortex of Social Defeat Model Mice.

J Neurochem 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Yongchuan Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

The proportion of major depressive disorder (MDD) patients around the world has increased remarkably. Although many studies of MDD have been conducted based on classic hypotheses, like alteration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis or monoamine neurotransmitters, the mechanisms underlying MDD remain unclear. Aiming to further investigate the mechanisms of MDD, liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry was employed to measure target metabolites in the hippocampus (HIPPO) of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) model mice. Read More

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December 2018

Advantages of Intraprocedural Unenhanced CT During Adrenal Venous Sampling to Confirm Accurate Catheterization of the Right Adrenal Vein.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0017, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the advantages of intraprocedural CT during adrenal venous sampling (AVS) to confirm accurate catheterization of the right adrenal vein (RAV).

Materials And Methods: This single-institution study included 106 patients (mean age 52.4 years; range 28-74 years) with primary aldosteronism who performed contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) before AVS following AVS between January 2011 and March 2018. Read More

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December 2018

Identification of Five Genes as a Potential Biomarker for Predicting Progress and Prognosis in Adrenocortical Carcinoma.

J Cancer 2018 31;9(23):4484-4495. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Urology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, P.R. China.

Background: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a limited endocrine fatality with a minor diagnosis and rare remedial options. The progressive and predictive meaning of message RNA (mRNA) expression oddity in ACC has been studied extensively in recent years. However, differences in measurement platforms and lab protocols as well as small sample sizes can render gene expression levels incomparable. Read More

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October 2018
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Esophageal Adenocarcinoma with Extensive Metastasis to Unexpected Sites: A Case Report.

Case Rep Oncol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):742-750. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Hematology/Oncology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA.

Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) with unexpected metastasis (UM) to unusual sites have been increasingly reported. EC with metastasis in general has a very high mortality and morbidity rate, and those with UM to unusual sites present another specific field that needs to be further studied in order to understand and manage the presentation. An extensive systematic review was recently completed regarding this field which identified characteristics and findings concerning patients with EC with UM sites. Read More

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November 2018
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Glycodelin as a Serum and Tissue Biomarker for Metastatic and Advanced NSCLC.

Cancers (Basel) 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Translational Research Unit, Thoraxklinik at University Hospital Heidelberg, D-69126 Heidelberg, Germany.

A major part of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with mono- or multimodal concept develop therapy resistance. Despite the abundance of biomarkers investigated in the past, there is still a need for valid NSCLC biomarkers. Glycodelin, an immunosuppressive endometrial protein, has been shown to be also expressed in NSCLC. Read More

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December 2018

Associated auto-immune disease in type 1 diabetes patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Endocrinol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

O Dekkers, Internal Medicine, Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum, Leiden, Netherlands.

Introduction: The association between type 1 diabetes (T1D) and other auto-immune diseases is well-known. However, a quantitative overview of all associated auto-immune diseases and their prevalence in T1D is lacking.

Methods: We searched Pubmed, Web of Science, EMBASE and Cochrane library in September 2018 to identify relevant articles about the prevalence of the following associated auto-immune diseases in T1D cohorts: auto-immune thyroid disease, celiac disease, gastric autoimmunity including pernicious anemia, vitiligo, and adrenal gland insufficiency. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Obesity increases the risk of chronic pain development following motor vehicle collision.

Pain 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute for Trauma Recovery, Department of Anesthesiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Obesity has been found to increase the risk of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) in other settings, but to our knowledge the influence of increased body mass index on pain outcomes after common trauma exposures such as motor vehicle collision (MVC) has not been assessed. In addition, obesity results in biomechanical changes, as well as physiologic changes including reduced hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis negative feedback inhibition, but mechanisms by which obesity may result in worse post-traumatic outcomes remain poorly understood. In this study, we evaluated the influence of body mass index (BMI) on axial and overall MSP severity (0-10 numeric rating scale) 6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year after MVC among 917 European Americans who presented to the emergency department for initial evaluation. Read More

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November 2018
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Ethical issues with early genitoplasty in children with disorders of sex development.

Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Endocrinology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Genitoplasty in children with disorders of sex development (DSD) is an ethically complex issue. From a surgical perspective, genitoplasty in early childhood is preferred because it is felt to be associated with improved tissue healing, decreased risk of complications, and reduced psychological impact of genital surgery. However, advocacy groups and recent ethics literature have argued for deferring genitoplasty until a child reaches decisional maturity. Read More

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November 2018

A Simple Technique for Three-Dimensional Imaging and Segmentation of Brain Vasculature U sing Fast Free-of-Acrylamide Clearing Tissue in Murine.

Cell J 2019 Apr 18;21(1):49-56. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. Electronic

Objective: Fast Free-of-Acrylamide Clearing Tissue (FACT) is a recently developed protocol for the whole tissue three-dimensional (3D) imaging. The FACT protocol clears lipids using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to increase the penetration of light and reflection of fluorescent signals from the depth of cleared tissue. The aim of the present study was using FACT protocol in combination with imaging of auto-fluorescency of red blood cells in vessels to image the vasculature of a translucent mouse tissues. Read More

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Optimization and Pharmacological Characterization of Receptor-Mediated G Activation in Postmortem Human Prefrontal Cortex.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Laboratory of Neuropharmacology, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Ciències de la Salut (IUNICS), University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), and Institut d'investigació Sanitària Illes Balears (IdISBa), Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

The biochemical abnormalities in transmembrane signal transduction mediated through G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been postulated as underlying pathophysiology of psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia and mood disorders. In the present study, the experimental conditions of agonist-induced [ S]GTPγS binding in postmortem human brain membranes were optimized, and the responses induced by a series of agonists were pharmacologically characterized. The [ S]GTPγS binding assay was performed in postmortem human prefrontal cortical membranes by means of filtration techniques, and standardized as to GDP concentration, membrane protein content, MgCl and NaCl concentrations in assay buffer, incubation period, and effect of white matter contamination. Read More

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December 2018

Acute non-traumatic adrenal haemorrhage-management, pathology and clinical outcomes.

Gland Surg 2018 Oct;7(5):428-432

Endocrine Surgery Unit, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Background: Acute adrenal haemorrhage is a rare medical emergency. The aim of the series was to study the clinical presentation and management of patients presenting with acute non-traumatic adrenal haemorrhage.

Methods: The records of patients presenting with an acute abdomen secondary to adrenal haemorrhage and treated in a tertiary endocrine surgical unit over a period of 6 years were reviewed. Read More

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October 2018

The Effects of Lidocaine with Epinephrine on Bupivacaine-Induced Cardiotoxicity.

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2018 Dec 1;46(6):447-452. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Biology, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Zonguldak, Turkey.

Objective: Bupivacaine, a local anaesthetic substance, is used as a regional-anaesthesia agent. Lidocaine, a sodium channel blocker, is used in combination with epinephrine for regional anaesthesia. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lidocaine with epinephrine (LE) at different doses on bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity in rats. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of Surgical-Site, Multimodal Drug Injection on Pain and Stress Biomarkers in Patients Undergoing Plate Fixation for Clavicular Fractures.

Clin Orthop Surg 2018 Dec 21;10(4):455-461. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

Background: Surgical-site, multimodal drug injection has recently evolved to be a safe and useful method for multimodal pain management even in patients with musculoskeletal trauma.

Methods: Fifty consecutive patients who underwent plating for mid-shaft and distal clavicular fractures were included in the study. To evaluate whether surgical-site injections (SIs) have pain management benefits, the patients were divided into two groups (SI and no-SI groups). Read More

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December 2018

Pheochromocytoma - An incidental finding in a child with acute appendicitis.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1854-1858

Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi.

Pheochromocytoma, a rare tumour, arises mainly in the adrenal gland. It consists of chromaffin cells or sympathetic para-ganglia if extra-adrenal. It is an occurrence of rare nature with an incidence of two to eight cases per million annually. Read More

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December 2018

Publisher Correction: Structural insights into binding specificity, efficacy and bias of a βAR partial agonist.

Nat Chem Biol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

In the version of this paper originally published, the structure for epinephrine shown in Figure 1a was redrawn with an extra carbon. The structure has been replaced in the HTML and PDF versions of the article. The original and corrected versions of the structure are shown below. Read More

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November 2018

Hypothalamic POMC or MC4R deficiency impairs counterregulatory responses to hypoglycemia in mice.

Mol Metab 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Life-threatening hypoglycemia is a major limiting factor in the management of diabetes. While it is known that counterregulatory responses to hypoglycemia are impaired in diabetes, molecular mechanisms underlying the reduced responses remain unclear. Given the established roles of the hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC)/melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) circuit in regulating sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity and the SNS in stimulating counterregulatory responses to hypoglycemia, we hypothesized that hypothalamic POMC as well as MC4R, a receptor for POMC derived melanocyte stimulating hormones, is required for normal hypoglycemia counterregulation. Read More

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November 2018

DNA Polymerase Epsilon Deficiency Causes IMAGe Syndrome with Variable Immunodeficiency.

Am J Hum Genet 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

MRC Human Genetics Unit, MRC Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, UK. Electronic address:

During genome replication, polymerase epsilon (Pol ε) acts as the major leading-strand DNA polymerase. Here we report the identification of biallelic mutations in POLE, encoding the Pol ε catalytic subunit POLE1, in 15 individuals from 12 families. Phenotypically, these individuals had clinical features closely resembling IMAGe syndrome (intrauterine growth restriction [IUGR], metaphyseal dysplasia, adrenal hypoplasia congenita, and genitourinary anomalies in males), a disorder previously associated with gain-of-function mutations in CDKN1C. Read More

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November 2018

Single, short-time exposure to heat in a car during sunny day can decrease epinephrine concentration in autoinjectors: a real-life pilot study.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

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November 2018

Retrobulbar anaesthesia for adjustable strabismus surgery in adults: a prospective observational study.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 5;53(6):621-626. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montréal, Qué.

Objective: To characterize the ocular response to retrobulbar anaesthesia and to evaluate the efficacy of retrobulbar anaesthesia for adjustable strabismus surgery in adults.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Participants: Adult patients undergoing adjustable strabismus surgery under retrobulbar anaesthesia. Read More

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December 2018

Carcinoid tumors of the thymus and Cushing's syndrome: Clinicopathologic features and current best evidence regarding the cell of origin of these unusual neoplasms.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2018 Nov 22;38:71-79. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America.

It is uncertain whether thymic neuroendocrine tumors (NET) associated with Cushing's syndrome (CS) produce corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and whether the thymus contains ACTH and/or CRH cells that could originate NET. The clinicopathologic features of 5 typical (TC) and 6 atypical carcinoids (ATC), 10 additional non-neoplastic thymi, 6 adrenal glands with bilateral nodular hyperplasia and 8 adrenal cortical adenomas were reviewed. Representative slides were immunostained for ACTH and CRH. Read More

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November 2018

Neuroendocrinological treatment targets for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent, disabling, and frequently becomes chronic. Despite this, only two selective serotonergic reuptake inhibitors have been approved to date for its treatment by the United States Food and Drug Administration, and treatment results are often disappointing, with a remission rate of <30%. Certain neuroendocrinological systems are currently gaining attention with respect to their use for PTSD prevention and treatment as standalone options or medication-enhanced psychotherapy due to their involvement in physiological stress reactions, memory consolidation and extinction, cognitive appraisal to stress, and attachment and resilient coping strategies, which are important in the pathogenesis of PTSD. Read More

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November 2018

The Posterior Adiposity Index: A Quantitative Selection Tool for Adrenalectomy Approach.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 26;233:26-31. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Objective criteria are lacking to determine whether a laparoscopic transabdominal (LA) or retroperitoneoscopic (RP) approach to adrenalectomy is optimal. We hypothesized that imaging characteristics could predict patients for whom RP adrenalectomy is the optimal approach.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing minimally invasive adrenalectomy between 2014 and 2016 (n = 113) at one institution. Read More

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January 2019

Clinical decision making and application of an active rehabilitation program for a person with the neuromuscular symptoms of Allgrove syndrome: a case report.

Authors:
Joseph T Adams

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Dec 3:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Rusk Rehabilitation, Clinical Instructor, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine NYU School of Medicine , NYU Langone Health , New York , NY , USA.

Background: Allgrove syndrome is a multisystem disorder first described in 1978 and is classically associated with esophageal achalasia, alacrima, and adrenal insufficiency. Allgrove syndrome is caused by homozygous and/or compound heterozygous mutations on Chromosome 12q13, designated as "AAA" (Achalasia, Addisonianism Alacrima). AAA encodes the protein ALADIN (Alacrima, Achalasia, aDrenal Insufficiency Neurologic disorder), a member of the nuclear porin family forming the nuclear pore complex. Read More

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December 2018

SGPL1 Deficiency: A Rare Cause of Primary Adrenal Insufficiency.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Section on Endocrinology and Genetics, Program on Developmental Endocrinology and Genetics & Pediatric Endocrinology Inter-Institute Training Program, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Context: Multiple autosomal recessive genes have been etiologically linked to Primary Adrenal Insufficiency (PAI). Recently, SGPL1 gene mutations were recognized as causes of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome type 14 (NPHS14), a sphingolipidosis with multisystemic manifestations including PAI. Interestingly, this is the only monogenetic form of nephrotic syndrome (NS) and the sole sphingolipidosis causing adrenal disease. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Combination of fixative agents and fixation times to visually differentiate the cortical from the medullary layer in bovine adrenal glands.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2018 Oct-Dec;90(4):3887-3891

Departamento de Zootecnia, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista/UNESP, Via de acesso Paulo Donato Castelane, s/n, 14884-900 Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil.

Chronic stress exposure commonly increases adrenals weight and changes their morphology. This study aimed to compare four methods to delimitate the cortical and medullary layers of adrenals glands in Nelore bulls. Fresh adrenals did not present differentiation between layers. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Short-Term Sleep Loss Alters Cytokine Gene Expression in Brain and Peripheral Tissues and Increases Plasma Corticosterone of Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata).

Physiol Biochem Zool 2019 Jan/Feb;92(1):80-91

Lack of sleep incurs physiological costs that include increased inflammation and alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Specifically, sleep restriction or deprivation leads to increased pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and elevated glucocorticoids in rodent models, but whether birds exact similar costs is unknown. In this study, we examined whether zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata), an avian model species, exhibits physiological costs of sleep loss by using a novel automated sleep fragmentation/deprivation method, wherein a horizontal wire sweeps across a test cage to disrupt sleep every 120 s. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hair cortisol concentration in a population without hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis disorders.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: Measuring hair cortisol seems to be a good alternative to laboratory tests used thus far in routine endocrine diagnostics, primarily because it is independent of the circadian rhythm of cortisol. Due to the average hair growth of 1 cm per month, the results are related to the average blood cortisol levels over the previous weeks, months or years (depending on the length of the hair sample).

Objectives: The aim of this study is an attempt to apply hair cortisol concentration (HCC) measurements to clinical endocrine diagnostics, based on reference cortisol concentrations in the blood in a population without disorders of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA). Read More

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December 2018

Treatment for patients with recurrent fetal losses positive for anti-cardiolipin beta2 glycoprotein I antibody using Sairei-to (Chai-ling-tang) and low-dose aspirin.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

General Center for Perinatal, Maternal and Neonatal Medicine, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Niigata City, Japan.

Aim: Recently, it is widely recognized that positivity for anti-phospholipid antibodies is a causative factor for a range of reproductive failures. Anti-cardiolipin beta2 glycoprotein I antibody (anti-CL-beta2-GPI) is a representative anti-phospholipid antibody, which strongly correlates with the development of thrombotic events and diversity of adverse pregnancies. In this series, we aimed to elucidate effective treatment for patients with recurrent fetal losses positive for anti-CL-beta2-GPI using Japanese-modified Chinese herbal medicine. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pediatric Adrenal Insufficiency: Diagnosis, Management, and New Therapies.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:1739831. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital/The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Adrenal insufficiency may result from a wide variety of congenital or acquired disorders of hypothalamus, pituitary, or adrenal cortex. Destruction or dysfunction of the adrenal cortex is the cause of primary adrenal insufficiency, while secondary adrenal insufficiency is a result of pituitary or hypothalamic disease. Timely diagnosis and clinical management of adrenal insufficiency are critical to prevent morbidity and mortality. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Isolation and characterization of adrenocortical progenitors involved in the adaptation to stress.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, 01307 Dresden, Germany;

The adrenal gland is a master regulator of the human body during response to stress. This organ shows constant replacement of senescent cells by newly differentiated cells. A high degree of plasticity is critical to sustain homeostasis under different physiological demands. Read More

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December 2018

Sonochemical synthesis of bismuth(III) oxide decorated reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite for detection of hormone (epinephrine) in human and rat serum.

Ultrason Sonochem 2019 Mar 9;51:103-110. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Herein, we report an efficient electrochemical sensor strategy for determination of epinephrine based on BiO nanoparticle decorated reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite (BiO@RGO). The BiO@RGO was prepared by simple ultrasonic method and then it's morphological and crystal structure aspects were well characterized by physiological instruments. The electrode-electrolyte interfacial properties were examined to ensure the catalytic ability of composite sensing towards EP. Read More

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Dihydrotestosterone is a predictor for mortality in males with community-acquired pneumonia: results of a 6-year follow-up study.

Respir Res 2018 Dec 4;19(1):240. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Medical University Department, Division of General Internal and Emergency Medicine, Kantonsspital Aarau, Aarau, Switzerland.

Background: Adrenal hormone metabolite levels are altered in acute illnesses such as community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Our aim was to investigate associations of sex and mineralocorticoid hormone metabolites with short- and long-term mortality and severity of CAP in male and female patients.

Methods: We prospectively followed 285 patients (60. Read More

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December 2018

Molecular Docking Studies of Methamphetamine and Amphetamine-Related Derivatives as an Inhibitor against dopamine Receptor.

Curr Comput Aided Drug Des 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud. Iran.

Background: The catecholamines such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine are neurotransmitters that regulate different physiological functions of the central nervous system. Some evidence suggest that the degeneration of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra contributes in Parkinson's disease (PD), which is a neurodegenerative disorder and it is responsible for the major symptoms of PD. It is suggested that replenishment of striatal dopamine through the oral administration of the dopamine precursor, levodopa, can compensate the lack of endogenously produced dopamine. Read More

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December 2018

Comment la génomique bouleverse la compréhension des tumeurs de la surrénale ?

Authors:
Guillaume Assié

Rev Prat 2016 May;66(5):539-545

Service d'endocrinologie, hôpital Cochin.

How genomics upsets understanding of adrenal tumors ? Adrenal tumors include pheochromocytomas adenomas, hyperplasia and adrenocortical carcinomas. Recently these tumors have been analyzed by genomic approaches, measuring the molecular variability at a large scale, in the DNA sequence, the gene expression, and in the genome structure. From these works came out : new genes responsible for these tumors, which will enable a more accurate diagnosis, family screening, and liquid biopsies (detection of these mutations in the blood) ; the discovery of two main forms of adrenocortical carcinomas, associated with very different prognoses, that will stratify the treatment of patients; and new mechanisms of tumorigenesis, opening the way to new therapeutic perspectives. Read More

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Role of the autonomic nervous system in osteoarthritis.

Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2017 Oct;31(5):661-675

Rheumatology Department, Saint-Antoine Hospital, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Sorbonne Universités, INSERM UMR S_938, DHU i2B, Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, Inserm UMR S_938, DHU i2B, Saint-Antoine Service de Rhumatologie, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Joint homeostasis is affected by local and systemic processes. Catecholaminergic and cholinergic fibers innervate the synovium, trabecular bone, and periosteum. Several studies have investigated the involvement of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in joint homeostasis and the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA). Read More

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October 2017
2 Reads

Effects of Altered Calcium Metabolism on Cardiac Parameters in Primary Aldosteronism.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2018 Dec;33(4):485-492

Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Endocrine Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Increasing evidence supports interplay between aldosterone and parathyroid hormone (PTH), which may aggravate cardiovascular complications in various heart diseases. Negative structural cardiovascular remodeling by primary aldosteronism (PA) is also suspected to be associated with changes in calcium levels. However, to date, few clinical studies have examined how changes in calcium and PTH levels influence cardiovascular outcomes in PA patients. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Childhood urbanicity and hair steroid hormone levels in ten-year-old children.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018 Nov 29;102:53-57. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Research suggests that it may be more stressful for children to grow up in an urban area than in a rural area. Urbanicity may affect physiological stress system functioning as well as the timing of sexual maturation. The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether moderate urbanicity (current and childhood, ranging from rural areas to small cities) was associated with indices of long-term hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis functioning (cortisol, cortisone, dehydroepiandrosterone and progesterone levels) and whether sex moderated any associations. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The association of potential stressors with hair steroids in parents with small children: The Ulm SPATZ health study.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018 Nov 23;102:37-43. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Previous studies have reported weak associations between questionnaire-based stress measurements and hair steroids. A stronger relationship may exist in highly stressed subpopulations or with stress brought up by novel or unpredictable situations. In the Ulm SPATZ Health Study, conducted in Ulm, Germany, baseline recruitment 04/2012 to 05/2013, we analyzed data of families enrolled shortly after childbirth. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Adrenalectomy for solitary recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma five years after living donor liver transplantation: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 27;54:23-27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Diagnostic & Interventional Radiology Department, Gastrointestinal Surgery Center, College of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Introduction: The adrenal gland is a rare site for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Solitary adrenal recurrence can be managed by surgical excision, with expected better survival outcomes. We describe a rare case of successful left adrenalectomy of solitary recurrent HCC in the left adrenal gland 5 years after LDLT. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The Use of Epinephrine for Out-Of-Hospital Treatment of Anaphylaxis.

Authors:

Prehosp Emerg Care 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

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December 2018

[Genetic analysis and prenatal diagnosis for 25 Chinese pedigrees affected with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;35(6):832-835

Department of Prenatal Diagnosis, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210004, China.

Objective: To identify pathogenic mutations in 25 Chinese pedigrees affected with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH).

Methods: Mutations of the CYP21A2 gene were detected with locus-specific PCR/restriction endonuclease analysis, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay, and direct sequencing of the entire CYP21A2 gene. Prenatal diagnosis was offered to fetuses at risk for CAH. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence for vasopressors during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in newborn infants.

Minerva Pediatr 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Centre for the Studies of Asphyxia and Resuscitation, Neonatal Research Unit, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada -

An estimated 0.1% of term infants and up to 15% of preterm infants (2-3 million worldwide) need extensive resuscitation, defined as chest compression and 100% oxygen with or without epinephrine in the delivery room. Despite these interventions, infants receiving extensive resuscitation in the DR have a high incidence of mortality and neurologic morbidity. Read More

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December 2018

Prognostic significance of expression of Myogenin and OCT4 in glioma.

Minerva Pediatr 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Xuzhou Children's Hospital, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, P.R. China -

Background: Glioma is the most common extracranial solid tumor of children. The malignant (cancer) cells form in neural crest cell of the adrenal gland. In this study we investigate the expressions of Myogenin and OCT4 in Glioma which might be used as prognostic makers for this deteriorated disease. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pharmacokinetics of Glucocorticoid Replacement Before and After Bariatric Surgery in Patients With Adrenal Insufficiency.

J Endocr Soc 2018 Dec 20;2(12):1338-1344. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Internal Medicine, Rijnstate Hospital, TA Arnhem, Netherlands.

Adequate glucocorticoid replacement in patients with primary or secondary adrenal insufficiency is essential to maintain general well-being. Little is known about the effects of bariatric surgery on glucocorticoid absorption. This study evaluates glucocorticoid absorption before and after bariatric surgery, with assessment of plasma cortisol profiles in five patients receiving glucocorticoid replacement therapy for primary (n = 1) or secondary (n = 4) adrenal insufficiency. Read More

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December 2018

Octreotide reverses shock due to vasoactive intestinal peptide-secreting adrenal pheochromocytoma: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Nov;6(14):862-868

Department of Emergency Medicine, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, Liaoning Province, China.

Vasoactive intestinal peptide-producing tumors (VIPoma) usually originate in the pancreas and are characterized by diarrhea, hypokalemia, and achlorhydria (WDHA syndrome). In adults, nonpancreatic VIPoma is very rare. Herein, we report an unusual case of VIP-producing pheochromocytoma marked by persistent shock, flushing, and watery diarrhea and high sensitivity to octreotide. Read More

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November 2018

Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis in Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 1.

Front Immunol 2018 19;9:2570. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department Parasitology-Mycology, CHU, Lille, France.

Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene, characterized by the clinical triad of chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC), hypoparathyroidism, and adrenal insufficiency. CMC can be complicated by systemic candidiasis or oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and may lead to death. The role of chronic infection in the etiopathogenesis of oral SCC is unclear. Read More

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November 2018
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Effects of estrogen-like plant compounds on the vaginal epithelium pituitary, adrenal glands, and uterus of rats.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2018 Dec 3:1535370218817503. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Unidade de Biotecnologia, Universidade de Ribeirão Preto - UNAERP, Ribeirão Preto, SP 14096-900, Brazil.

Impact Statement: The results of this work provide preliminary evidence that ovariectomized rats display the vaginal smear cells typical of the estrous phase of mature rats after long-term ingestion of Colocasia esculenta flavonoid glycosides. Moreover, the treatment caused beneficial effects on endocrine and reproductive organs compared to estradiol. The animals did not exhibit significant body weight alterations among the groups, demonstrating the maintenance of standard metabolism and energy balance. Read More

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December 2018