8,811 results match your criteria Adrenal Adenoma


Can Radiomics Provide Additional Diagnostic Value for Identifying Adrenal Lipid-Poor Adenomas From Non-Adenomas on Unenhanced CT?

Front Oncol 2022 29;12:888778. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Radiology, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, China.

Background: It is difficult for radiologists to differentiate adrenal lipid-poor adenomas from non-adenomas; nevertheless, this differentiation is important as the clinical interventions required are different for adrenal lipid-poor adenomas and non-adenomas.

Purpose: To develop an unenhanced computed tomography (CT)-based radiomics model for identifying adrenal lipid-poor adenomas to assist in clinical decision-making.

Materials And Methods: Patients with adrenal lesions who underwent CT between January 2015 and August 2021 were retrospectively recruited from two independent institutions. Read More

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Virtual non-contrast detector-based spectral CT predictably overestimates tissue density for the characterisation of adrenal lesions compared to true non-contrast CT.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Medical Imaging, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Purpose: To establish if virtual non-contrast (VNC) images generated from contrast-enhanced detector-based spectral CT could replace true non-contrast (TNC) imaging for the characterisation of adrenal masses.

Methods: TNC and VNC images were retrospectively reviewed for 39 patients with one or more adrenal lesions who underwent contrast-enhanced spectral CT of the upper abdomen. Lesions were categorised as either 'adenoma' or 'indeterminate/other lesion' based on current reference standards. Read More

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Curable congestive heart failure in patients with primary aldosteronism: two cases reports.

Am J Transl Res 2022 15;14(4):2689-2696. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Sixth People's Hospital of Chongqing Chongqing 400016, China.

Primary aldosteronism (PA) is characterized by overproduction of aldosterone which can lead to various target organ damage, including the cardiovascular system. There are rare case reports about PA patients with severe heart failure. We report two male patients who were admitted because of severe cardiac systolic dysfunction induced by primary aldosteronism. Read More

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Evaluation of a perioperative steroid coverage after pituitary surgery.

Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr (Engl Ed) 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain.

Introduction: Serum cortisol levels within the first days after pituitary surgery have been shown to be a predictor of post-surgical adrenal insufficiency. However, the indication of empirical glucocorticoids to avoid this complication remains controversial. The objective is to assess the role of cortisol in the early postoperative period as a predictor of long-term corticotropic function according to the pituitary perisurgical protocol with corticosteroid replacement followed in our center. Read More

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Inter-individual comparison of diagnostic accuracy of adrenal washout CT compared to chemical shift MRI plus the T2-weighted (T2W) adrenal MRI calculator in indeterminate adrenal masses: a retrospective non-inferiority study.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Medical Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, 1053 Carling Avenue, C1 Radiology, Ottawa, ON, K1Y 4E9, Canada.

Objective: To compare diagnostic accuracy of washout (WO)-CT to chemical shift (CS)-MRI + T2W adrenal MRI Calculator (T2W-Calculator) to diagnose adrenal adenoma in indeterminate adrenal masses.

Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional, non-inferiority study evaluated 40 consecutive indeterminate adrenal masses; each with WO-CT and MRI. Two blinded radiologists independently evaluated in mixed order: pre-contrast attenuation (Hounsfield Units, HU) and absolute WO ([Peak. Read More

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A Two-in-One Tumor in the Adrenal: A Functional Adrenocortical Adenoma with Myelolipomatous Differentiation.

Fetal Pediatr Pathol 2022 May 10:1-6. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Histopathology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Adrenocortical adenoma (ADA) and myelolipoma are two common benign neoplasms of the adrenal cortex that have been reported to occur together.

Case Report: A 14-year-old girl presented with the features of ACTH-independent endogenous Cushing syndrome. Abdominal CECT revealed a left adrenal 2. Read More

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Phenotype-genotype correlation in aldosterone-producing adenomas characterized by intracellular cholesterol metabolism.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2022 May 6;221:106116. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Pathology, Tohoku Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) is histologically composed of clear and compact tumor cells. KCNJ5- mutated APAs were reported to be associated with higher plasma aldosterone concentration and more abundant clear tumor cells containing lipid droplets than non-KCNJ5- mutated APAs. However, the association among cholesterol uptake and/or synthesis, cellular morphology and genotypes has remained unknown. Read More

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Age-dependent and sex-dependent disparity in mortality in patients with adrenal incidentalomas and autonomous cortisol secretion: an international, retrospective, cohort study.

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: The association between cortisol secretion and mortality in patients with adrenal incidentalomas is controversial. We aimed to assess all-cause mortality, prevalence of comorbidities, and occurrence of cardiovascular events in uniformly stratified patients with adrenal incidentalomas and cortisol autonomy (defined as non-suppressible serum cortisol on dexamethasone suppression testing).

Methods: We conducted an international, retrospective, cohort study (NAPACA Outcome) at 30 centres in 16 countries. Read More

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Adrenal Surgery in the Era of Multidisciplinary Endocrine Tumor Boards.

Horm Metab Res 2022 May 9;54(5):294-299. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of General, Visceral, Cancer and Transplant Surgery, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Work up of adrenal masses includes assessment of endocrine activity and malignancy risk. There is no indication for surgical removal of nonfunctional adrenal adenomas, according to the guidelines. In the present study, we aimed at evaluating the impact of a university endocrine tumor board on the quality of the indications for adrenal surgery at our institution. Read More

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Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with adrenalectomy, feasibility, safety and outcome.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 5;2022(5):rjac130. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Concomitant surgery is an attractive option because of convenience. To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting concomitant laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic right adrenalectomy. A retrospective review of three patients with obesity and a unilateral adrenal mass was conducted. Read More

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Stiff Person-Like Syndrome: An Unusual Presentation of Pituitary Macroadenoma with Panhypopituitarism.

Case Rep Neurol 2022 Jan-Apr;14(1):157-161. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Endocrinology, Hospital Putrajaya, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Pituitary adenoma can manifest as pituitary hypofunction, which can cause symptoms of panhypopituitarism. Commonly, symptoms of hormonal deficiencies such as lethargy, weight change, cold intolerance, and sexual dysfunction are reported. Optic chiasmal compression leads to visual field changes and the discovery of the pituitary lesion. Read More

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Impact of RSUME Actions on Biomolecular Modifications in Physio-Pathological Processes.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 21;13:864780. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Instituto de Investigación en Biomedicina de Buenos Aires (IBioBA) - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) - Partner Institute of the Max Planck Society, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The small RWD domain-containing protein called RSUME or RWDD3 was cloned from pituitary tumor cells with increasing tumorigenic and angiogenic proficiency. RSUME expression is induced under hypoxia or heat shock and is upregulated, at several pathophysiological stages, in tissues like pituitary, kidney, heart, pancreas, or adrenal gland. To date, several factors with essential roles in endocrine-related cancer appear to be modulated by RWDD3. Read More

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A deep learning-based approach for the diagnosis of adrenal adenoma: a new trial using CT.

Br J Radiol 2022 May 9:20211066. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Clinical Radiology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Objective: To develop and validate deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) models for the diagnosis of adrenal adenoma (AA) using CT.

Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 112 patients who underwent abdominal CT (non-contrast, early, and delayed phases) with 107 adrenal lesions (83 AAs and 24 non-AAs) confirmed pathologically and with 8 lesions confirmed by follow-up as metastatic carcinomas. Three patients had adrenal lesions on both sides. Read More

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Senhance robot-assisted adrenalectomy: a case series.

Croat Med J 2022 Apr;63(2):197-201

Luka Penezić, Kišpatićeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia,

We present a case series of 12 consecutive robot-assisted adrenalectomies performed from May 2019 to March 2020 by a single surgeon experienced in laparoscopy using the novel Senhance robotic system. Eleven patients had primary aldosteronism due to an adrenal adenoma, diagnosed by means of endocrinological and radiological evaluation, and 1 had a benign adrenal cyst. The robotic adrenalectomy technique is described in detail. Read More

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Diagnostic dilemmas: a multi-institutional retrospective analysis of adrenal incidentaloma pathology based on radiographic size.

BMC Urol 2022 Apr 30;22(1):73. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Urology, West Virginia University, 1 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV, 26505, USA.

Introduction/background: Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) are masses > 1 cm found incidentally during radiographic imaging. They are present in up to 4.4% of patients undergoing CT scan, and incidence is increasing with usage and sensitivity of cross-sectional imaging. Read More

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Exploration of KCNJ5 Somatic Mutation and CYP11B1/CYP11B2 Staining in Multiple Nodules in Primary Aldosteronism.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 12;9:823065. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Institute of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: Unilateral primary aldosteronism (PA) includes aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA), unilateral adrenal hyperplasia, and unilateral multiple nodules. The correlation of multiple nodules, especially genotypic and pathological characteristics, remains unknown. KCNJ5 mutation accounts for 60-80% of unilateral PA, so we aimed to explore the correlation of KCNJ5 somatic mutation and CYP11B1/CYP11B2 staining in multiple nodules in unilateral PA. Read More

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The diagnosis and management of Cushing's syndrome in pregnancy.

J Neuroendocrinol 2022 Mar 14:e13118. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS) is rarely encountered during pregnancy. Clinical and biochemical changes in healthy pregnancy overlap with those seen in pregnancy complicated by CS; the diagnosis is therefore challenging and can be delayed. During normal gestation, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, corticotrophin-releasing hormone, cortisol, and urinary free cortisol levels rise. Read More

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[Immunogenetics of primary hyperaldosteronism: fundamental studies and their clinical prospects].

Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 2022 Feb 18;68(2):9-15. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Endocrinology Research Centre.

Primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA) is the most common form of endocrine hypertension. Until recently, the reason for the development of this condition was believed to be the presence of genetic mutations, however, many studies declare that the disease can be polyetiologic, be the result of genetic mutations and autoimmune triggers or cell clusters of aldosterone-producing cells diffusely located in the adrenal gland at the zona glonerulosa, zona fasculata, zona reticularis, as well as directly under the adrenal capsule. Recently, the actions of autoantibodies to type 1 angiotensin II receptors have been described in patients with renal transplant rejection, with preeclampsia, and with primary hyperaldosteronism. Read More

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February 2022

Characteristics of aldosterone-producing adenomas in patients without plasma renin activity suppression.

PLoS One 2022 28;17(4):e0267732. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Endocrinology and Diabetes Center, Yokohama Rosai Hospital, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.

Primary aldosteronism (PA) usually accompanies suppressed plasma renin activity (PRA) through a negative feedback mechanism. While some cases of PA with unsuppressed PRA were reported, there have been no studies about the characteristics of PA with unsuppressed PRA; thus, these characteristics were examined herein. Nine patients with unsuppressed PRA and 86 patients with suppressed PRA were examined. Read More

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Association of Nrf2 expression and mutation with Weiss and Helsinki scores in adrenocortical carcinoma.

Cancer Sci 2022 Apr 25. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Tochigi, Japan.

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant tumor. Genetic abnormalities that may represent therapeutic targets and prognostic factors in ACC remain unclear. Besides being one of the main cellular defense mechanisms that regulates antioxidant pathways for detoxifying reactive oxygen species (ROS), the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) promotes tumor proliferation by increasing metabolic activity. Read More

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Usefulness of 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT on Diagnosis and Management of Cushing Syndrome.

Clin Nucl Med 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: This pilot study investigated the performance of C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) molecular imaging (68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT) in Cushing syndrome (CS) and the correlation between CXCR4 signaling interactions and glucose metabolism in adrenocorticotropin-cortisol pathway.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 31 patients (16 patients with CS and 15 patients with nonfunctioning pituitary or adrenal adenomas). All patients underwent 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT, and 11 with pituitary adenoma also underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT. Read More

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The Role of Urinary Extracellular Vesicles Sodium Chloride Cotransporter in Subtyping Primary Aldosteronism.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 4;13:834409. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Hypertension, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is recognized as the gold standard for subtyping primary aldosteronism (PA), but its invasive nature and technical challenges limit its availability. A recent study reported that sodium chloride cotransporter (NCC) in urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) is a promising marker for assessing the biological activity of aldosterone and can be treated as a potential biomarker of PA. The current study was conducted to verify the hypothesis that the expression of NCC and its phosphorylated form (pNCC) in uEVs are different in various subtypes and genotypes of PA and can be used to select AVS candidates. Read More

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Robotic Adrenalectomy: A 10-Year Clinical Experience at a Tertiary Medical Center.

JSLS 2022 Jan-Mar;26(1)

Department of General Surgery. Summa Health - Akron City Hospital, Akron, OH.

Background And Objective: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is now the preferred approach for most adrenal tumors. As minimally invasive surgery departments gain familiarity with the robotic platform, the safety profiles and efficacy of robotic adrenalectomy has been an area of continued discussion. The objective of this study is to outline our experience with transitioning to the robotic platform and determining the effectiveness and safety of transperitoneal robotic adrenalectomy. Read More

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[Persistent and serious hyperkalemia after surgery of primary aldosteronism: A case report].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2022 Apr;54(2):376-380

Department of Endocrinology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

Hyperkalemia was one of the complications after primary aldosteronism surgery. Hyperkalemia after primary aldosteronism surgery was uncommon in clinical practice, especially persistent and serious hyperkalemia was rare. This complication was not attached great importance in clinical work. Read More

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11-Deoxycorticosterone Producing Adrenal Hyperplasia as a Very Unusual Cause of Endocrine Hypertension: Case Report and Systematic Review of the Literature.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 31;13:846865. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.

Background And Objectives: 11-deoxycorticosterone overproduction due to an adrenal tumor or hyperplasia is a very rare cause of mineralocorticoid-induced hypertension. The objective is to provide the most relevant clinical features that clinicians dealing with patients presenting with the hallmarks of hypertension due to 11-deoxycorticosterone-producing adrenal lesions should be aware of.

Design And Methods: We report the case of a patient with an 11-deoxycorticosterone-producing adrenal lesion and provide a systematic review of all published cases (PubMed, Web of Science and EMBASE) between 1965 and 2021. Read More

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Tailored Approach in Adrenal Surgery: Retroperitoneoscopic Partial Adrenalectomy.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 28;13:855326. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Surgery and Centre of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Evang. Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Essen, Germany.

The interest on partial adrenalectomy has steadily increased over the past twenty years. Adrenal pathologies are mostly benign, making an organ-preserving procedure attractive for many patients. The introduction of minimally invasive techniques played probably an important role in this process because they transformed a complex surgical procedure, related to the difficult access to the retroperitoneal space, into a simple operation improving the accessibility to this organ. Read More

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Outcome-Based Decision-Making Algorithm for Treating Patients with Primary Aldosteronism.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2022 Apr 14;37(2):369-382. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Optimal management of primary aldosteronism (PA) is crucial due to the increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is the gold standard method for determining subtype but is technically challenging and invasive. Some PA patients do not benefit clinically from surgery. Read More

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Recurrent Acromegaly in a Patient With a Mutation.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2022 Mar-Apr;8(2):85-88. Epub 2021 Nov 20.

Neuroendocrine Unit and Neuroendocrine and Pituitary Tumor Clinical Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background/objective: is a cell-cycle checkpoint kinase and is part of the ATM-CHEK2-p53 cascade, which is protective against carcinogenesis. We describe a germline CHEK2 mutation in a patient with acromegaly and other tumors.

Case Report: We present a woman with a germline 110delC mutation previously diagnosed with fibroadenoma of the breast and papillary thyroid carcinoma. Read More

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November 2021

Early Renin Recovery After Adrenalectomy in Aldosterone-Producing Adenomas: A Prospective Study.

Horm Metab Res 2022 Apr 12;54(4):224-231. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil.

The aim of the study was to clarify the relationship and the time of aldosterone and renin recoveries at immediate and long-term follow-up in aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) patients who underwent adrenalectomy. Prospective and longitudinal protocol in a cohort of APA patients was followed in a single center. Among 43 patients with primary aldosteronism (PA), thirteen APA patients were enrolled in this study. Read More

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