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    Steroid metabolome analysis reveals prevalent glucocorticoid excess in primary aldosteronism.
    JCI Insight 2017 Apr 20;2(8). Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Background: Adrenal aldosterone excess is the most common cause of secondary hypertension and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. However, adverse metabolic risk in primary aldosteronism extends beyond hypertension, with increased rates of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis, which cannot be easily explained by aldosterone excess.

    Methods: We performed mass spectrometry-based analysis of a 24-hour urine steroid metabolome in 174 newly diagnosed patients with primary aldosteronism (103 unilateral adenomas, 71 bilateral adrenal hyperplasias) in comparison to 162 healthy controls, 56 patients with endocrine inactive adrenal adenoma, 104 patients with mild subclinical, and 47 with clinically overt adrenal cortisol excess. Read More

    Case report: ACTH-secreting pituitary carcinoma metastatic to the liver in a patient with a history of atypical pituitary adenoma and Cushing's disease.
    Diagn Pathol 2017 Apr 18;12(1):34. Epub 2017 Apr 18.
    Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 410 W 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.
    Background: Pituitary carcinoma is a rare entity requiring the presence of metastasis to confirm its malignant potential. We report a case of pituitary carcinoma and discuss the diagnosis and management of this lesion in relation to the existing literature.

    Case Presentation: The patient is a 51-year-old woman with Cushing's disease and intact adrenal glands who was diagnosed with metastatic pituitary carcinoma to the liver, 29 months after initial resection of an ACTH-secreting primary atypical pituitary adenoma (APA). Read More

    Subtype Diagnosis of Primary Aldosteronism: Is Adrenal Vein Sampling Always Necessary?
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Apr 17;18(4). Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Via Genova 3, 10126 Torino, Italy.
    Aldosterone producing adenoma and bilateral adrenal hyperplasia are the two most common subtypes of primary aldosteronism (PA) that require targeted and distinct therapeutic approaches: unilateral adrenalectomy or lifelong medical therapy with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. According to the 2016 Endocrine Society Guideline, adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is the gold standard test to distinguish between unilateral and bilateral aldosterone overproduction and therefore, to safely refer patients with PA to surgery. Despite significant advances in the optimization of the AVS procedure and the interpretation of hormonal data, a standardized protocol across centers is still lacking. Read More

    Physiological and Pathological Roles in Human Adrenal of the Glomeruli-Defining Matrix Protein NPNT (Nephronectin).
    Hypertension 2017 Apr 17. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    From the Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Centre for Clinical Investigation, Addenbrooke's Hospital (A.E.D.T., S.G., J.Z., M.J.B.), Tissue Bank, Department of Histopathology, Addenbrooke's Hospital (W.Z.), NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre, Addenbrooke's Hospital (M.G.), MRC Cancer Unit, Hutchison/MRC Research Centre (T.I.J.), and Metabolic Research Laboratories, Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science (M.G.), University of Cambridge, United Kingdom; Centre for Clinical Pharmacology, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom (J.Z., M.J.B.); Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, The University of Mississippi Medical Centre, Jackson (C.E.G.-S.); and Research and Medicine Services, G.V. (Sonny) Montgomery VA Medical Centre, Jackson, MS (C.E.G.-S.).
    Primary aldosteronism is a common cause of hypertension, which becomes refractory if undiagnosed, but potentially curable when caused by an aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). The discovery of somatic mutations and differences in clinical presentations led to recognition of small but common zona glomerulosa (ZG)-like adenomas, distinct from classical large zona fasciculata-like adenomas. The inverse correlation between APA size and aldosterone synthase expression prompted us to undertake a systematic study of genotype-phenotype relationships. Read More

    Posterior retroperitonoscopic adrenalectomy; a back door access with an unusually rapid learning curve.
    Updates Surg 2017 Apr 12. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgical Pathology, University Hospital of Pisa, Via Paradisa 2, 56124, Pisa, Italy.
    Posterior retroperitonoscopic adrenalectomy (PRA) has become a standard approach to the adrenal gland. The aim of this study was to report an initial experience with the procedure following a proper preparatory phase highlighting the rapidity, safety and effectiveness by which it could be introduced into a surgeon's practice. Between May 2015 and July 2016, 14 PRAs were performed in 14 patients (9 females and 5 males). Read More

    Histopathological and genetic characterization of aldosterone-producing adenomas with concurrent subclinical cortisol hypersecretion: a case series.
    Endocrine 2017 Apr 12. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany.
    Purpose: Aldosterone-producing adenomas with concurrent subclinical cortisol hypersecretion are reported in an increasing number of patients. Five aldosterone-producing adenomas from patients with primary aldosteronism and subclinical hypercortisolism were examined.

    The Aims Of Our Study Were: (1) to analyze pathological features and immunohistochemical expression of CYP11B1 (11β-hydroxylase) and CYP11B2 (aldosterone synthase) in these tumors; (2) to investigate somatic mutations involved in adrenal steroid hypersecretion and/or tumor growth. Read More

    Can Imaging Predict Subclinical Cortisol Secretion in Patients With Adrenal Adenomas? A CT Predictive Score.
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 2017 Apr 12:1-8. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    2 Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy.
    Objective: The aim of this study is to determine whether any correlation between CT findings and functional parameters exists to predict subclinical glucocorticoid secretion.

    Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective database study of 55 patients with incidentally discovered adenomas, investigated through CT with an adrenal protocol, assessing diameters and attenuation values on the unenhanced and contrast-enhanced phases. Patients underwent blood cortisol and corticotropin evaluation and overnight dexamethasone suppression test (DST), in accordance with clinical recommendations. Read More

    Somatic and inherited mutations in primary aldosteronism.
    J Mol Endocrinol 2017 Apr 11. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    M Zennaro, UMRS_970970, Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, INSERM, Paris, France.
    Primary aldosteronism (PA), the most common form of secondary hypertension, is caused in the majority of cases by unilateral aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. In the last years, recurrent somatic mutations in KCNJ5, CACNA1D, ATP1A1, and ATP2B3 were proved to be associated with APA development, explaining more than 50% of sporadic APA. The identification of these mutations have allowed the establishment of a model for APA development involving modifications in the intracellular ionic equilibrium and in the regulation of cell membrane potential, leading to autonomous aldosterone overproduction. Read More

    Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease: literature review and case report of a 6-year-old boy.
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad.
    Cushing's syndrome is rare in childhood and is usually caused by a pituitary adenoma. Primary hyperfunction of adrenal glands is less frequent, particularly primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD). It occurs usually in children and adolescents, with female preponderance, while Cushing's disease has increased frequency in prepubertal males. Read More

    Prevalence and Clinical Manifestations of Primary Aldosteronism Encountered in Primary Care Practice.
    J Am Coll Cardiol 2017 Apr;69(14):1811-1820
    Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy. Electronic address:
    Background: Despite being widely recognized as the most common form of secondary hypertension, among the general hypertensive population the true prevalence of primary aldosteronism (PA) and its main subtypes, aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) and bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (BAH), remains a matter of debate.

    Objectives: This study sought to determine the prevalence and clinical phenotype of PA in a large cohort of unselected patients with hypertension, consecutively referred to our hypertension unit, by 19 general practitioners from Torino, Italy.

    Methods: Following withdrawal from all interfering medications, patients were screened for PA using the ratio of serum aldosterone to plasma renin activity. Read More

    Adrenal Vein Sampling for Primary Aldosteronism: A 2-Week Protocol for Withdrawal of Renin-Stimulating Antihypertensives.
    Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2017 Apr 4. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 1 Silverstein, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.
    Objective: For evaluation of primary aldosteronism, international guidelines recommend a 4-6 week withdrawal of spironolactone, eplerenone, and amiloride prior to adrenal vein sampling (AVS). It is not always feasible to withdraw these drugs in patients with severe hypertension and hypokalemia. We present our experience evaluating the efficacy and clinical outcomes of a 2-week protocol for withdrawal of renin-stimulating antihypertensives prior to AVS. Read More

    Microinsertions in PRKACA cause activation of the protein kinase A pathway in cardiac myxoma.
    J Pathol 2017 Mar 28. Epub 2017 Mar 28.
    Department of Pathology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Cardiac myxoma is the most common cardiac tumour. Most lesions occur sporadically, but occasional lesions develop in patients with Carney complex, a syndrome characterised by cardiac myxoma, spotty pigmentation, and endocrine overactivity. Two-thirds of patients with Carney complex harbour germline mutations in PRKAR1A, which encodes the type I regulatory subunit of protein kinase A (PKA). Read More

    Genetic and Histopathologic Inter-Tumor Heterogeneity in Primary Aldosteronism.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Mar 24. Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Center for Adrenal Disorders, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 221 Longwood Ave, RFB 287, 02115 Boston, MA, USA.
    Context: Whether primary aldosteronism (PA) is the consequence of a monoclonal or multiclonal process is unclear.

    Case Description: A 48-year-old man with severe bilateral PA refractory to medical therapy underwent unilateral adrenalectomy of the dominant adrenal. Although computed tomography (CT) showed three left-sided cortical nodules, post-surgical histopathology and genetic analysis revealed five different adrenocortical adenomas. Read More

    Spinal adrenal cortical adenoma associated with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: case report and review of the literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Apr 1. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    Department of Pathology, University Hospital La Paz, Madrid, Spain.
    Purpose: Ectopic adrenal cortical adenoma in the spinal region is extremely rare. The majority of cases of ectopic adrenocortical tissue are found along the path of embryonic migration within the urogenital tract. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a pediatric overgrowth disorder involving a predisposition to tumor development, including adrenal lesions. Read More

    Intrafamilial Phenotypic Variability and Consequences of Non-Compliance with Treatment in Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia and Congenital Hypothyroidism within a Single Family
.
    Horm Res Paediatr 2017 Mar 30. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Background: Coexistence of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to TG mutation in the same non-consanguineous family is rare.

    Case Series: We report 4 siblings born to unrelated parents, the father being an asymptomatic carrier of homozygous p.V281L and heterozygous p. Read More

    Differentiating pheochromocytoma from lipid-poor adrenocortical adenoma by CT texture analysis: feasibility study.
    Abdom Radiol (NY) 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Department of Radiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shuaifuyuan No. 1, Wangfujing Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.
    Objectives: To investigate the feasibility of using CT texture analysis (CTTA) to differentiate pheochromocytoma from lipid-poor adrenocortical adenoma (lp-ACA).

    Methods: Ninety-eight pheochromocytomas and 66 lp-ACAs were included in this retrospective study. CTTA was performed on unenhanced and enhanced images. Read More

    [A clinical analysis of 123 cases of primary empty sella].
    Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2017 Apr;56(4):268-272
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300052, China.
    Objective: This study was conducted to analyze the clinical characteristics and pituitary function of patients with primary empty sella (PES). Methods: The clinical data from 123 hospitalized adult patients with PES from January 2010 to May 2016 were retrospectively studied. Results: (1) The average age of the 123 (male 43, female 80) PES patients was (59. Read More

    From benign adrenal incidentaloma to adrenocortical carcinoma: an exceptional random event.
    Eur J Endocrinol 2017 Mar 27. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    G Assie, INSERM U1016, CNRS UMR8104, Institut Cochin, Paris, France
    New European guidelines for the management of adrenal incidentalomas were recently released. One of the most novel recommendations is to stop following patients when they present a typical, small and non-secreting adenoma. We report here the case of a 71-year-old man with such an adenoma, who developed an adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) fourteen years later, with subsequent metastases and death. Read More

    PENTRAXIN 3 AS A NEW CARDIOVASCULAR MARKER IN ADRENAL ADENOMAS.
    Endocr Pract 2017 Mar 23. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    From: 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Diskapi Teaching and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an acute-phase glycoprotein, which is increased in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and considered as a predictor of CVD in the general population. Both functional and nonfunctional adrenal tumors are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. We aimed to investigate plasma PTX3 levels in patients with functioning and nonfunctioning adrenal tumors and to determine its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

    Evidence for persistent organochlorine pollutants in the human adrenal cortex.
    J Appl Toxicol 2017 Mar 23. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    Institute of Clinical Physiology, National Research Council (CNR), Pisa, Italy.
    Environmental pollutants may act as endocrine disruptors in animals. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) enter the food chain and may accumulate in the fatty animal tissues, including adrenals. To our knowledge, no previous study has investigated their presence in the human normal adrenal (NA) cortex and aldosterone-producing adenomas (APA). Read More

    A Case of Malignant Pheochromocytoma Presenting 7 Years After the Initial Surgery.
    Ochsner J 2017 ;17(1):128-131
    The University of Queensland School of Medicine, Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA ; Department of Surgery, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, LA.
    Background: Pheochromocytoma (PHEO) is a rare tumor of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic ganglion that produces the catecholamines norepinephrine and epinephrine. Traditionally, approximately 10% of PHEOs were thought to be malignant, but recent developments in PHEO research have noted that specific genetic mutations are associated with higher risk of metastatic spread.

    Case Report: We report the case of a 71-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain in September 2009 when she was 64 years old. Read More

    Neuroendocrine Tumors in the Stomach, Duodenum, and Pancreas Accompanied by Novel MEN1 Gene Mutation.
    Korean J Gastroenterol 2017 Mar;69(3):181-186
    Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea.
    Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome is a relatively rare disease, characterized by the occurrence of multiple endocrine tumors in the parathyroid and pituitary glands as well as the pancreas. Here, we report a case of MEN1 with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in the stomach, duodenum, and pancreas. A 53-year-old man visited our hospital to manage gastric NET. Read More

    Modified approach to the characterization of adrenal nodules using a standard abdominal magnetic resonance imaging protocol.
    Radiol Bras 2017 Jan-Feb;50(1):19-25
    Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA, and Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal.
    Objective: To describe a modified approach to the evaluation of adrenal nodules using a standard abdominal magnetic resonance imaging protocol.

    Materials And Methods: Our sample comprised 149 subjects (collectively presenting with 132 adenomas and 40 nonadenomas). The adrenal signal intensity index was calculated. Read More

    Diagnostic accuracy of virtual non-contrast enhanced dual-energy CT for diagnosis of adrenal adenoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Eur Radiol 2017 Mar 13. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa Department of Radiology, Room c159 Ottawa Hospital Civic Campus, 1053 Carling Ave., Ottawa, ON, K1Y 4E9, USA.
    Objective: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of dual-energy (DE) virtual non-contrast computed tomography (vNCT) to non-contrast CT (NCT) for the diagnosis of adrenal adenomas.

    Methods: Search of multiple databases and grey literature was performed. Two reviewers independently applied inclusion criteria and extracted data. Read More

    Efficacy of endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease in 230 patients with positive and negative MRI.
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2017 Mar 9. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, France.
    Object: The primary objective was to assess the remission rate, and the secondary objectives were to evaluate the early complications and recurrence rate and to define the predictive factors for the remission and recurrence rates.

    Patients And Methods: This prospective single-center study included 230 consecutive patients, operated on by a single surgeon for Cushing's disease via a transsphenoidal endoscopic endonasal approach, over a 6-year period (2008-2013). The patients included in this series were all adults (>18 years of age), who presented with clinical and biological characteristics of Cushing's disease confirmed based on dedicated MRI pituitary imaging. Read More

    A successful case of pregnancy in a woman with ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome treated with ketoconazole and metyrapone.
    Gynecol Endocrinol 2017 Feb 26:1-4. Epub 2017 Feb 26.
    b Department of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolic Disease , Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital Research Institute , Lodz , Poland.
    Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a rare disease caused by a chronic excess of cortisol. Hypercortisolaemia may affect reproductive system leading to infertility in women. However, some of the patients remain fertile, although pregnancy is uncommon. Read More

    Laparoscopic Partial Adrenalectomy.
    Chirurgia (Bucur) 2017 Jan-Feb;112(1):77-81
    Laparoscopic adrenalectomy became the gold standard for adrenal disease, from incidentaloma to cancer. Partial adrenalectomy is difficult to accept due to its technical difficulties as well as hemorrhagic risk and a consensus has not been reached. On the other hand, in selected cases of benign adrenal tumors, adrenalectomy may be futile, partial resections being perfectly justified and with lower hemorrhagic risks. Read More

    A case of primary aldosteronism caused by unilateral multiple adrenocortical micronodules presenting as muscle cramps at rest: The importance of functional histopathology for identifying a culprit lesion.
    Pathol Int 2017 Apr 5;67(4):214-221. Epub 2017 Mar 5.
    Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Jichi Medical University Hospital, Shimotsuke, Japan.
    Unilateral multiple adrenocortical micronodules (UMNs) constitute a rare subset of primary aldosteronism (PA) characterized by the hypersecretion of aldosterone derived from multiple small nodules in the zona glomerulosa of the unilateral adrenal grand. This case study describes a 49-year-old man with PA and UMNs who presented with muscle cramps at rest due to hypokalemia. The patient had a 6-year history of hypertension treated with antihypertensive drugs. Read More

    Diagnosis of a malignant adrenal mass: the role of urinary steroid metabolite profiling.
    Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2017 Feb 23. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    aDivision of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Nutrition, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA bInstitute of Metabolism and Systems Research (IMSR), University of Birmingham cCentre for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism (CEDAM), Birmingham Health Partners, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.
    Purpose Of Review: Adrenal masses are highly prevalent, found in 5% of the population. Differentiation of benign adrenocortical adenoma from adrenocortical carcinoma is currently hampered by the poor specificity and limited evidence base of imaging tests. This review summarizes the results of studies published to date on urine steroid metabolite profiling for distinguishing benign from malignant adrenal masses. Read More

    Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Indexes in Cushing's Syndrome.
    Horm Metab Res 2017 Mar 22;49(3):214-220. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Medicine-DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
    Long-standing exposure to endogenous cortisol excess is associated with high cardiovascular risk. The aim of our study was to investigate arterial stiffness, which has been recognized as an independent predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcome, in a group of patients with Cushing's syndrome. Twenty-four patients with Cushing's syndrome (3 males, mean age 49±13 years; 20 pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease and 4 adrenal adenoma) underwent 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

    Update on CT and MRI of Adrenal Nodules.
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 2017 Feb 22:1-12. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    2 Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
    Objective: The objective of this article is to review the current role of CT and MRI for the characterization of adrenal nodules.

    Conclusion: Unenhanced CT and chemical-shift MRI have high specificity for lipid-rich adenomas. Dual-energy CT provides comparable to slightly lower sensitivity for the diagnosis of lipid-rich adenomas but may improve characterization of lipid-poor adenomas. Read More

    NP-59 test for preoperative localization of primary hyperaldosteronism.
    Langenbecks Arch Surg 2017 Mar 21;402(2):303-308. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    University Hospital La Princesa, Madrid, Spain.
    Purpose: Adrenal venous sampling is generally considered the gold standard to identify unilateral hormone production in cases of primary hyperaldosteronism. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the iodine-131-6-β-iodomethyl-19-norcholesterol (NP-59) test may represent an alternative in selected cases.

    Methods: Patients submitted to laparoscopic adrenalectomy for suspected primary hyperaldosteronism (n = 27) were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

    Pathology of Serially Sacrificed Female B6C3F1 Mice Continuously Exposed to Very Low-Dose-Rate Gamma Rays.
    Radiat Res 2017 Mar 20;187(3):346-360. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Radiobiology, Institute for Environmental Sciences, 1-7, Ienomae, Obuchi, Rokkasho-mura, Kamikita-gun, Aomori 039-3212, Japan.
    We have previously reported on life span shortening as well as increased incidence rates in several neoplasms in B6C3F1 mice that were continuously exposed to 21 mGy/day of gamma rays for 400 days. To clarify whether the life shortening was due to early appearance of neoplasms (shortened latency) or increased promotion/progression, 8-week-old female specific-pathogen-free B6C3F1 mice were gamma-ray irradiated at a low dose rate of 20 mGy/day for 400 days. At 100 days postirradiation, 60-90 mice were sacrificed, and thereafter every 100 days alongside the age-matched nonirradiated controls, for 700 days. Read More

    Study of awareness of adrenal disorders among interns and postgraduate students of Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal.
    Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2017 Jan-Feb;21(1):251-254
    Department of Medicine, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Introduction: Adrenal disorders could be a life-threatening emergency, hence requires immediate therapeutic management. For this awareness regarding its diagnosis, management, and treatment is prime important.

    Aims And Objective: To study the awareness of adrenal disorders among interns and postgraduates students of Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal. Read More

    Mixed corticomedullary adrenal carcinoma - case report: Comparison in features, treatment and prognosis with the other two reported cases.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 31;31:254-261. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Alberoni Hospital, Damascus University Faculty of Medicine, P.O. Box: 60527, Damascus, Syria. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Adrenal corticomedullary adenoma was reviewed in many cases in PubMed Library, While the coincidence corticomedullary adrenal carcinoma in the same gland was just described in two cases in the medical literature. Our case is the third to be reported and was treated with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy and followed for two years.

    Presentation Of Case: A 50-year-old man suffered from a mass effect in the left abdominal side. Read More

    Recommendations for the management of adrenal incidentalomas: what is pertinent for radiologists?
    Br J Radiol 2017 Apr 9;90(1072):20160627. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    Department of Imaging, St Bartholomew's Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
    Adrenal incidentalomas are unsuspected, asymptomatic adrenal masses detected on imaging. Most are non-functioning benign adrenocortical adenomas but can represent other benign lesions or lesions requiring therapeutic intervention including adrenocortical carcinoma, pheochromocytoma, hormone-producing adenoma or metastasis. This review summarizes and highlights radiological recommendations within the recently issued guidelines for the management of adrenal incidentalomas from the European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice in collaboration with the European Network for Study of Adrenal Tumours. Read More

    Stroke disclosing primary aldosteronism: Report on three cases and review of the literature.
    Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2017 Feb 4;78(1):9-13. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Department of Neurology, Military Hospital, 1008, Montfleury, 1089 Tunis, Tunisia.
    Objectives: There is a growing evidence of increased risk of cerebrovascular events in primary aldosteronism (PA). Nevertheless, acute neurologic ailment as presenting feature of PA is uncommon. Our aim is to highlight the diagnosis challenges in stroke unmasking PA and to discuss the underlying physiopathology and management dilemmas. Read More

    [Tetraparesis revealing Conn adenoma in a pregnant woman].
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 27;25:24. Epub 2016 Sep 27.
    Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohammed V, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc.
    We report the case of Conn adenoma revealed by tetraparesis in a 33-year old pregnant woman at the 16(th)week of amenorrhea. The patient had a blood pressure of 147/87 mmHg, which was considered high-normal, hypokalemia at 1.1 mmol/l. Read More

    Anatomical Variations of the Right Adrenal Vein: Concordance Between Multidetector Computed Tomography and Catheter Venography.
    Hypertension 2017 Mar 30;69(3):428-434. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology (K.O., H.O., Y.T., T.M., K.S., K.T.), Department of Urology (Y.A.), and Division of Nephrology, Endocrinology, and Vascular Medicine (R.M., F.S.), Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan.
    Adrenal venous sampling is the most reliable diagnostic procedure to determine surgical indications in primary aldosteronism. Because guidelines recommend multidetector computed tomography (CT) to evaluate the adrenal gland, some past reports used multidetector CT as a guide for adrenal venous sampling. However, the detailed anatomy of the right adrenal vein and its relationship with an accessory hepatic vein remains uncertain. Read More

    Management of Adrenal Masses.
    Indian J Surg Oncol 2017 Mar 17;8(1):67-73. Epub 2016 Dec 17.
    Department of Urology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Amrita lane elmakkara, Kochi, Kerala 682041 India.
    An adrenal mass can be either symptomatic or asymptomatic in the form of adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) in up to 8 % in autopsy and 4 % in imaging series. Once a diagnosis of adrenal mass is made, we need to differentiate whether it is functioning or nonfunctioning, benign, or malignant. In this article, we provide a literature review of the diagnostic workup including biochemical evaluation and imaging characteristics of the different pathologies. Read More

    Practical Approach to Adrenal Imaging.
    Radiol Clin North Am 2017 Mar 12;55(2):279-301. Epub 2016 Dec 12.
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1400 Pressler Street Unit 1473, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
    Various pathologies can affect the adrenal gland. Noninvasive cross-sectional imaging is used for evaluating adrenal masses. Accurate diagnosis of adrenal lesions is critical, especially in cancer patients; the presence of adrenal metastasis changes prognosis and treatment. Read More

    Assessment of the Aldosteronona resolution score as a predictive resolution score of hypertension after adrenalectomy for aldosteronoma in French patients.
    Langenbecks Arch Surg 2017 Mar 22;402(2):309-314. Epub 2017 Jan 22.
    Clinique de Chirurgie Digestive et Endocrinienne (CCDE), Institut des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif (IMAD), CHU Hôtel-Dieu, 1 place Alexis Ricordeau, 44093, Nantes cedex 1, France.
    Purpose: Aldosteronoma Resolution Score (ARS) is a predictive score for cure of hypertension after adrenalectomy for hyperaldosteronism and has been validated in American patients. The aim of the study was to validate this score in a French population.

    Method: Data concerning patients operated from 2002 to 2015 in 7 French University Hospitals were retrospectively collected. Read More

    Hyperandrogenism in a postmenopausal woman: a rare case of ectopic adrenal cortical gland.
    Gynecol Endocrinol 2017 Mar 19;33(3):185-187. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
    a Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Translational Medicine and.
    Most frequent causes of androgenic manifestation are Cushing's syndrome, PCO, benign and malignant androgen-secreting non adrenal tumors and iatrogenic hirsutism. Hyperplasia or neoplasms of ectopic adrenocortical gland are rare. We report a case of a 63-year old female with hirsutism and alopecia. Read More

    Hypokalemic myopathy in primary aldosteronism: A case report.
    Exp Ther Med 2016 Dec 2;12(6):4064-4066. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Department of Nephrology, Lishui Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University, Lishui, Zhejiang 323000, P.R. China.
    Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a rare disorder. The majority of patients with PA present with typical features and are easily diagnosed. This disorder is usually diagnosed with hypokalemia, hypertension or an adrenal mass. Read More

    PURE ANDROGEN-PRODUCING ADRENAL TUMOR: CLINICAL FEATURES AND PATHOGENESIS.
    Endocr Pract 2017 Jan 17. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
    From: 1Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology, Ministry of Health, Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH), Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China.
    Objective: Pure androgen-secreting adrenal tumors (PASATs) are extremely rare, most reports involving only a single case. This study examined 9 cases of PASAT, with an attempt to characterize its clinical features and to explore their possible pathogenesis.

    Methods: Clinical data of 9 patients with PASAT were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

    Immunohistochemical Approach for the Diagnosis of a Liver Mass on Small Biopsy Specimens.
    Hum Pathol 2017 Jan 10. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Department of Pathology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143.
    Well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) shares overlapping histological features with benign hepatocellular lesions, including hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) in non-cirrhotic liver, and with high-grade dysplastic nodule (HGDN) in cirrhotic liver. Several metastatic tumors, such as neuroendocrine tumor, renal cell carcinoma, adrenocortical carcinoma, melanoma, and epithelioid angiomyolipoma, can be indistinguishable from HCC on histologic grounds. Since this distinction has important therapeutic implications, judicious use of immunohistochemical markers plays an important role in establishing an accurate diagnosis, especially when limited material of tumor is available on cell block or a small core biopsy. Read More

    Long-term Consequences of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to Classic 21-hydroxylase Deficiency in Adolescents and Adults.
    Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2017 Mar 10;125(3):196-201. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background The management of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) from pediatric to adulthood is challenging to achieve optimal growth and puberty. This study characterizes the clinical outcomes of 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Methods 53 CAH patients were included (33 females, 15 and 18 patients with the salt-wasting [SW] and simple-virilizing [SV] forms; and 20 males, 16 and 4 patients with the SW and SV forms). Read More

    Contemporary imaging of incidentally discovered adrenal masses.
    Biomed Pharmacother 2017 Mar 4;87:256-262. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Veterans Affairs Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.
    Adrenal lesions are routinely encountered incidentally in clinical practice. Although most of these lesions are benign, malignancy needs to be excluded. Therefore, the initial clinical workup is to exclude aggressive characteristics suggesting malignancy and to identify characteristics predictive of the most common benign lesion, an adrenal adenoma. Read More

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