A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Undefined variable: arrPubMedArticleOutput

Filename: helpers/my_audit_helper.php

Line Number: 3660

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/html/application/helpers/my_audit_helper.php
Line: 3660
Function: _error_handler

File: /var/www/html/application/controllers/Search.php
Line: 70
Function: pubMedSearch_Global

File: /var/www/html/index.php
Line: 320
Function: require_once

Adolescent medicine Philadelphia Pa.[Jo... Publications | PubFacts

1,976,859 results match your criteria Adolescent medicine Philadelphia Pa.[Journal]


The Effect of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Analogue on Final Adult Height in Children with Idiopathic Short Stature.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Objective: Assess final adult height (FAH) in children with short stature treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa).

Methods: All patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS) with normally timed puberty and a Tanner stage between 2-3, who achieved their final adult height (FAH) between 2005 and 2015, were included in this clinical historical cohort study. Height gain, FAH and, mid-parental height of 28 children with ISS who received GnRHa treatment for 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499929DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparison of circular and sagittal reinforced rod options on the sagittal balance restoration in adolescents undergoing pedicle screw instrumentation for idiopathic scoliosis.

World Neurosurg 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, FI-20521 Turku.

Objective: Pedicle screw instrumentation is widely used for spinal deformity correction and fusion in adolescents for idiopathic scoliosis. The goal is to achieve and sustain good alignment in all three plains. We compared two different cobalt-chromium (CoCr) rod designs with different stiffness, in regard to the coronal and sagittal balance restoration in adolescents operated for idiopathic scoliosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193102
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.04.028DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Sex-specific differences in adult cognition and neuroplasticity following repeated combinatory stress and TrkB receptor antagonism in adolescence.

Horm Behav 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Behavioral Neuroscience Group, School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, 136 Jean-Jacques Lussier, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Evidence supports brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its primary receptor tyrosine-related kinase B (TrkB) as targets in the treatment of mood disorders. This study characterized the impact of a 10-day combinatory stress paradigm (alternating days of restraint stress and forced swim) and administration of the selective TrkB antagonist ANA-12 (0.5 mg/kg, i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2019.04.006DOI Listing

Maternal Cell Phone Use During Pregnancy, Pregnancy Duration And Fetal Growth In Four Birth Cohorts.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Previous studies evaluating potential effects of prenatal exposure to radiofrequency fields from cell phones on birth outcomes are inconsistent. We explored if maternal cell phone use was associated with pregnancy duration and fetal growth. We used information from 55,507 pregnant women and their children from Denmark (1996-2002), the Netherlands (2003-2004), Spain (2003-2008) and Korea (2006-2011). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwz092DOI Listing

Spiritual health: is it a determinant factor for preventing risky behaviors among university students?

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background The most common high-risk behaviors that have profound and adverse effects on the health of the community take place in the university environment. Nowadays, the necessity of exploring ways to correct and reduce the high-risk behaviors requires identification of its determinant factors. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the correlation between spiritual health and high-risk behaviors among university students in the southeast of Iran in 2017-2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0217DOI Listing

Prevalence and determinants of poor quality of sleep among adolescents in rural Puducherry, South India.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education, Pondicherry, India.

Background Adolescence is a critical stage of life which is characterized by rapid biological, social and emotional development. India has the highest adolescent population, however, there is paucity of literature reporting the sleep quality among adolescents. Objective To determine the sleep quality and its associated factors among adolescents residing in selected villages of rural Puducherry. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ijamh.ahead-of-print/ijamh-2
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0101DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Study to Explore the Parental Impact and Challenges of Self-Management in Children and Adolescents Suffering with Lymphedema.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):245-252

2 Department of Vascular medicine, CHU Saint Eloi, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Limited research has shown the impact lymphedema has on children and families. The aim of this study was to explore the parental experience of caring for a child or adolescent with lymphedema and the daily challenges of self-management and self-efficacy. Participants were recruited during an educational camp for children with lymphedema ( = 26). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2018.0077
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0077DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Outcomes of Revision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery in Adolescents.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Apr 17:363546519837173. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, California, USA.

Background: Although primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions have been well studied in children and adolescents, the literature lacks information about revision ACL reconstructions in this population.

Purpose: This study aims to analyze the outcomes of revision ACL surgeries in the pediatric population.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546519837173DOI Listing

Partial Transphyseal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Clinical, Functional, and Radiographic Outcomes.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Apr 17:363546519836423. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Background: With a steadily increasing rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction in the pediatric population, disagreement remains regarding the optimal reconstruction technique for patients with ACL injury and ≥2 years of growth remaining.

Purpose: This study aims to quantify the incidence of linear and angular growth disturbance of adolescents undergoing partial transphyseal ACL reconstruction (ACLR) while assessing graft failure rates, reoperation rates, and functional outcomes in the population.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546519836423DOI Listing

Genetic risk, body mass index, and weight control behaviors: Unlocking the triad.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Background: The relationship between genetic risk for body mass index (BMI) and weight control behaviors remains unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine the association between genetic risk for BMI and weight control behaviors in young adults, and to examine actual measured BMI as a potential mediator variable.

Method: We analyzed data from three data collection waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23083DOI Listing

Contributions of parenting styles and parental drunkenness to adolescent drinking.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (NEPSIS), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To estimate the association of parental drunkenness and parenting style with alcohol consumption among adolescents and the contributions of parental drunkenness and parenting style to the prevalence of binge drinking among adolescents.

Method: Cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of secondary students aged 13 to 18 from 27 Brazilian state capitals (n=17,028). Private and public schools were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0041DOI Listing

Popular ideas and convictions about factors influencing the growth as well as the adult height of children: a German-French comparison.

Anthropol Anz 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Potsdam, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, Human Biology, Potsdam, Germany.

Common knowledge suggests that growth in height is influenced by nutrition, genetics, health, and environmental and general living conditions. In addition, modern studies showed that also social mobility and dominance within the social group, may significantly affect adolescent growth and final height. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of popular ideas and beliefs about factors influencing the growth on the biology of child and adolescent growth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.schweizerbart.de/papers/anthranz/detail/prepub/90
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/anthranz/2019/0972DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Genetic Variants of ABO and SOX6 are Associated with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in Chinese Han Population.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Spine Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China.

Study Design: A genetic association study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether variants of ABO, SOX6, and CDH13 are associated with the susceptibility of AIS in Chinese Han population.

Summary Of Background Data: A recent large-scale genome-wide association study reported three novel loci in CDH13, ABO, and SOX6 genes associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in Japanese population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003062DOI Listing

Female Sex and Longer Fusion Constructs Significantly Increase the Risk of Total Hip Arthroplasty Following Spinal Fusion.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Apr;101(8):675-681

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California.

Background: Previous studies have noted the progression of arthritis due to increased forces in articular structures adjacent to a fused joint. It is unknown whether spinal fusion generates increased forces at the hip joint causing progression to arthritis leading to total hip arthroplasty (THA). We sought to determine (1) is there a relationship between spinal fusion and THA, (2) what are risk factors for subsequent THA, and (3) is there a time interval from spinal fusion to THA?

Methods: A large patient discharge dataset was utilized to evaluate all patients who underwent spinal fusion and subsequent THA in California from 2004 through 2013. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00667DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Young People's Satisfaction With the Online Mental Health Service eheadspace: Development and Implementation of a Service Satisfaction Measure.

JMIR Ment Health 2019 Apr 17;6(4):e12169. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Online youth mental health services are an expanding approach to meeting service need and can be used as the first step in a stepped-care approach. However, limited evidence exists regarding satisfaction with online services, and there is no standardized service satisfaction measure.

Objective: This study implemented an online youth mental health service satisfaction questionnaire within eheadspace, an online youth mental health service. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12169DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Adolescent girls' perceptions of breastfeeding in two low-income periurban communities in South Africa.

Health Care Women Int 2019 Apr 17:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

c Health Economics Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Cape Town , Observatory , South Africa.

In South Africa, exclusive breastfeeding rates are low, and rates of teenage pregnancy are high. Educational policy enables mothers' return to school, which conflicts with policy emphasizing exclusive breastfeeding. We elicited adolescent women's perceptions and experiences of infant feeding choices, and conducted six focus groups (N = 57) in two periurban settlements. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2018.1549043DOI Listing

A Conceptual Framework to Identify and Address the Education and Vocational Barriers Experienced by Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 ONTrac at Peter Mac Victorian Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Service, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jayao.2018.0153
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2018.0153DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Combined Modality Management of Sinonasal Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma in a Young Adult-Report of a Rare Case.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

3 Department of Medical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Sinonasal anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) without nodal involvement is extremely rare and the rarity of this tumor often leads to diagnostic dilemma. It has been predominantly reported in pediatric, adolescent and young adult patients, mostly of Asian origin. A 21-year-old female patient presented with history of epistaxis for 1 year. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jayao.2018.0158
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2018.0158DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Heritability, stability, and prevalence of tonic and phasic irritability as indicators of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Background: Little is known about genetic and environmental influences on the components of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), tonic irritability (i.e., irritable mood) and phasic irritability (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13062DOI Listing

The development of intimate relationships in adolescent girls and women with traumatic brain injury: a framework to guide gender specific rehabilitation and enhance positive social outcomes.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Apr 17:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

a Rehabilitation Sciences Institute , University of Toronto , Toronto , Canada.

Background: Traumatic brain injury is a neurological disorder of biopsychosocial nature influenced by sex and gender interactions across the lifespan. Traumatic brain injury sustained during adolescence can result in cognitive and social communication impairments that compromise the development and maintenance of intimate social relationships. This can increase both short and long-term vulnerability to poor mental health, social isolation, lack of meaningful friendships, exploitation, and abuse. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638288.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1597180DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Exploring the Use of Technology for Sexual Health Risk-Reduction among Ecuadorean Adolescents.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 15;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Colegio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, EC.

Background: There is a lack of sexual health knowledge and resource access among youth in Latin America, along with rising rates of teenage pregnancy and STD transmission.

Objective: To determine baseline sexual health knowledge and the acceptance of a technology based sexual health risk-reduction program among Ecuadorean adolescents.

Methods: We used mixed methods to determine the sexual health knowledge and practices, and technology use among 204 adolescents from two schools in Cumbayá and Lumbisí, Ecuador. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://agh.ubiquitypress.com/articles/10.5334/aogh.35/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.35DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

HbA1c and retinal arteriolar narrowing in children with type 1 diabetes: the DEAR-Kids study.

Pediatr Diabetes 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of General Paediatrics, Adolescent Medicine and Neonatology, Medical Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background/objective: Microvascular alterations play a key role in the development of diabetes complications. Retinal vessel analysis is a unique method to examine microvascular changes in brain derived vessels.

Subjects/methods: 67 pediatric and adolescent type 1 diabetes patients and 58 healthy control persons (mean age 12. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pedi.12858DOI Listing

Limited evidence of non-response bias despite modest response rate in a nationwide survey of long-term cancer survivors-results from the NOR-CAYACS study.

J Cancer Surviv 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

National Advisory Unit on Late Effects after Cancer Treatment, Oslo University Hospital, Radiumhospitalet, PO 4953, Nydalen, NO-0424, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: Declining response rates threaten the generalizability of health surveys. We investigate (1) the effect of item order on response rate; (2) characteristics of early , late and non-responders; and (3) potential non-response bias in a population-based health survey of childhood, adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (CAYACS).

Methods: We mailed a questionnaire survey to 5361 eligible CAYACS identified by the Cancer Registry of Norway (CRN), representing a range of cancer diagnoses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11764-019-00757-xDOI Listing

Change Across Time in Cancer-Related Traumatic Stress Symptoms of Siblings of Children with Cancer: A Preliminary Investigation.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA.

This pilot study examined changes in cancer-related post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) across time for siblings of children with cancer. Siblings (N = 32; aged 8-18) completed a measure of anxiety, the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS), and the PTSD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR (SCID) at twelve (SD = .9) and eighteen months (SD = 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09618-2DOI Listing

Separation anxiety and gender variance in a community sample of children.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON, L5L 1C6, Canada.

In clinical child and retrospective adult samples, childhood gender variance (GV; i.e., cross-gender behaviour) has been associated with separation anxiety (SA; i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00787-019-01319-3
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-019-01319-3DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Barriers and Facilitators of PrEP Adherence for Young Men and Transgender Women of Color.

AIDS Behav 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Craig A. Dalsimer Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

We aimed to discover barriers and facilitators of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence in young men and transgender women of color who have sex with men (YMSM/TW). Short-term and sustained adherence were measured by urine tenofovir concentration and pharmacy refills, respectively. Optimal adherence was defined as having both urine tenofovir concentration consistent with dose ingestion within 48 h and pharmacy refills consistent with ≥ 4 doses per week use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02502-yDOI Listing

Physical activity and fitness among pediatric cancer survivors: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

Support Care Cancer 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Purpose: The number of pediatric cancer survivors has increased dramatically over recent decades. Prior studies involving pediatric cancer survivors have reported reduced physical activity and fitness levels. Thus, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize previous findings on physical activity and fitness levels of pediatric cancer survivors, who had completed cancer treatment and are in complete remission compared with age-matched, non-athletic healthy controls with no history of cancer diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-04788-zDOI Listing

Chronic Alcohol Drinking Slows Brain Development in Adolescent and Young Adult Nonhuman Primates.

eNeuro 2019 Mar-Apr;6(2). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, Oregon 97006.

The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with brain remodeling in the final stages of developmental growth. It is also a period when a large proportion of this age group engages in binge alcohol drinking (occasional consumption of four to five drinks leading to intoxication) and heavy alcohol drinking (binge drinking on ≥5 d in a month). Here we report on magnetic resonance imaging of developmental changes in the brain occurring during late adolescence and early adulthood (3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://eneuro.org/lookup/doi/10.1523/ENEURO.0044-19.2019
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0044-19.2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464511PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Health need assessment in female adolescents, in Qom: A cross sectional study.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 15;8:39. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Background And Objective: Due to the young population of Iran, a significant number of teenagers in our country and the importance of the health of adolescents, especially teenage girls who are the mothers and the future-makers of the society, we designed this study to determine the health needs of adolescent girls living in the city of Qom.

Methodology: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the research population included 853 student girls in the middle and high secondary grades in the city of Qom selected and participated in the study through a randomized multistage cluster sampling method. Data were collected by completing the demographic information questionnaire, and the adolescent girls' health needs questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_11_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432813PMC
February 2019

Gene discovery informatics toolkit defines candidate genes for unexplained infertility and prenatal or infantile mortality.

NPJ Genom Med 2019 15;4. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

1Kids Neuroscience Centre, Kids Research, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW 2145 Australia.

Despite a recent surge in novel gene discovery, genetic causes of prenatal-lethal phenotypes remain poorly defined. To advance gene discovery in prenatal-lethal disorders, we created an easy-to-mine database integrating known human phenotypes with inheritance pattern, scores of genetic constraint, and murine and cellular knockout phenotypes-then critically assessed defining features of known prenatal-lethal genes, among 3187 OMIM genes, and relative to 16,009 non-disease genes. While around one-third (39%) of protein-coding genes are essential for murine development, we curate only 3% (624) of human protein-coding genes linked currently to prenatal/infantile lethal disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41525-019-0081-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6465277PMC

The gene variants in Japanese children with idiopathic pancreatitis.

Hum Genome Var 2019 11;6:17. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2Department of Genome Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 157-8535 Japan.

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator () gene has been reported as one of the pancreatitis susceptibility genes. Although many variants of have been reported in Caucasian patients, there are few data in Japanese patients. We aimed to survey variants in Japanese children with idiopathic pancreatitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41439-019-0049-7
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41439-019-0049-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459923PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Attitudes and perceived barriers toward healthy lifestyle behaviors in Jordanian adolescents: a developing country perspective.

Adolesc Health Med Ther 2019 28;10:39-47. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background And Aims: There is an urgent need to address the role of healthy diet and behaviors promoting health among school adolescents in order to tailor appropriate interventions in Jordanian schools. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Arabic version of Students As LifeStyle Activists (SALSA) survey alongside Jordanian adolescents' attitudes and perceived barriers to healthy eating and physical activity.

Methods: This study uses baseline data from a randomized controlled trial recruiting school students from 29 male and 27 female public high schools that have grades 7 and 8. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S181001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445189PMC

Role of BDNF in the development of an OFC-amygdala circuit regulating sociability in mouse and human.

Mol Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Social deficits are common in many psychiatric disorders. However, due to inadequate tools for manipulating circuit activity in humans and unspecific paradigms for modeling social behaviors in rodents, our understanding of the molecular and circuit mechanisms mediating social behaviors remains relatively limited. Using human functional neuroimaging and rodent fiber photometry, we identified a mOFC-BLA projection that modulates social approach behavior and influences susceptibility to social anxiety. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-019-0422-4DOI Listing

Respiratory tract virus infections in the elderly with pneumonia.

BMC Geriatr 2019 Apr 16;19(1):111. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, PO Box 52, 20520, Turku, Finland.

Background: In children suffering from severe lower airway illnesses, respiratory virus detection has given good prognostic information, but such reports in the elderly are scarce. Therefore, our aim was to study whether the detection of nasopharyngeal viral pathogens and conventional inflammatory markers in the frail elderly correlate to the presence, signs and symptoms or prognosis of radiographically-verified pneumonia.

Methods: Consecutive episodes of hospital care of patients 65 years and older with respiratory symptoms (N = 382) were prospectively studied as a cohort. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1125-zDOI Listing

Novel Mutations in Obesity-Related Genes in Turkish Children with Non-Syndromic Early Onset Severe Obesity: A Multicentre Study

J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, and Adolescent Departments, İstanbul, Turkey

Objective: Non syndromic monogenic obesity is a rare cause of early onset severe obesity in the childhood period. This form may not be distinguishable from other forms of severe obesity without genetic analysis, particularly if patients do not exibit any physical abnormalities or developmental delay. The aim of this study is to screen 41 different obesity-related genes in children with non-syndromic early onset severe obesity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2019.2019.0021DOI Listing

A Brief Spanish Version of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM). A Dispositional Mindfulness Measure.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 15;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo Social Sostenible (INDESS), Universidad de Cádiz, 11405 Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, Spain.

Dispositional Mindfulness (DM) is the awareness of the thoughts and feelings in the present moment. DM in children and adolescents has been related to mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based interventions which have shown significant mediation relationships with mental health outcomes (for instance, lower social anxiety, depression symptoms, or perceived stress). However, the assessment of DM among children and adolescents is being unsatisfactory due cultural biases and/or reliability issues. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081355DOI Listing

Determinants of Adherence to Healthy Eating Patterns in a Population of Children and Adolescents: Evidence on the Mediterranean Diet in the City of Mataró (Catalonia, Spain).

Nutrients 2019 Apr 15;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Gastronomy, XaRTA ⁻ INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Campus de l'Alimentació de Torribera, Av. Prat de la Riba, 171, Santa Coloma de Gramenet, E-08921 Barcelona, Spain.

Despite its benefits, the Mediterranean diet (MD) is being abandoned or not adopted by young generations in most Mediterranean countries. In Spain, up to 69% of the child and adolescent population has been found to have suboptimal adherence to the MD. The aim of this study was to analyze which factors are associated with an optimal adherence to the MD in school-age children and adolescents from Mataró, Spain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040854DOI Listing

Adolescent binge drinking disrupts normal trajectories of brain functional organization and personality maturation.

Neuroimage Clin 2019 Mar 31;22:101804. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, PR China; Institute of Science and Technology for Brain-Inspired Intelligence, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, PR China; Department of Computer Science, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK; Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR China; Shanghai Center for Mathematical Sciences, Shanghai, PR China; Key Laboratory of Computational Neuroscience and Brain-Inspired Intelligence (Fudan University), Ministry of Education, PR China.

Adolescent binge drinking has been associated with higher risks for the development of many health problems throughout the lifespan. Adolescents undergo multiple changes that involve the co-development processes of brain, personality and behavior; therefore, certain behavior, such as alcohol consumption, can have disruptive effects on both brain development and personality maturation. However, these effects remain unclear due to the scarcity of longitudinal studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101804DOI Listing

Diurnal changes in human brain glutamate + glutamine levels in the course of development and their relationship to sleep.

Neuroimage 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Children's Research Center, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland; Child Development Center, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Psychiatric Hospital University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Sleep slow waves during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep play a crucial role in maintaining cortical plasticity, a process that is especially important in the developing brain. Children show a considerably larger overnight decrease in slow wave activity (SWA; the power in the EEG frequency band between 1 and 4.5 Hz during NREM sleep), which constitutes the primary electrophysiological marker for the restorative function of sleep. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.04.040DOI Listing

Stimulus-response recoding during inhibitory control is associated with superior frontal and parahippocampal processes.

Neuroimage 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Cognitive Neurophysiology, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine of the TU Dresden, Germany. Electronic address:

Inhibitory control is affected by perceptual processes, but the mechanisms how perceptual features affect response inhibition are poorly understood. Theoretical frameworks detailing how variations in stimulus features that create overlaps between response categories can affect action control, like the Theory of Event Coding (TEC), have not been transferred to inhibitory control. We present a novel Go/Nogo paradigm in which we varied stimulus feature overlap between Go and Nogo trials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.04.035DOI Listing

Venous thromboembolic and bleeding complications among pregnant women with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is a vascular malformation overgrowth syndrome characterized by capillary malformation, venous malformation and limb overgrowth, +/- lymphatic malformation. Patients are at an increased risk of hemorrhage and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Consequently, women with this condition often are counseled to avoid pregnancy, but there is minimal data available on the relationship between pregnancy, VTE and bleeding risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.04.018DOI Listing

[The medical social aspects of adolescents' health maintenance].

Authors:
Iu V Eliseeva

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2019 Mar;27(2):113-117

The Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "The V. I. Razumovsky Saratov State Medical University" of Minzdrav of Russia, 410012, Saratov, Russia,

The study was carried out analyzing common patterns and features of effect of medical social factors and life-style to particular indices of health of adolescents aged 15-17 years attending various educational organizations. It is established that students of elder adolescent age are cooperated on the basis of particular life-style, characterized by long duration of using computer, low motional activity, wide prevalence of bad habits, deficiency of basic nutrients in diet. The study established high indices of personal and reactive anxiety among school children as compared with students of technical school. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.32687/0869-866X-2019-27-2-113-117DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in obsessive-compulsive disorder subjects.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit (UPIA), Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Recent findings suggest an association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Thus, we evaluated the clinical associated features of ADHD in a large sample of adult OCD patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 955 adult patients with OCD from the Brazilian Research Consortium of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (C-TOC). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/da.22898
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22898DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

"Just keep pushing": parents' experiences of accessing child and adolescent mental health services for child anxiety problems.

Child Care Health Dev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, UK.

Background: Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychopathologies in childhood, however a high proportion of children with anxiety disorders do not access effective treatments. The aim of the present qualitative study was to understand families' experiences of seeking help and accessing specialist treatment for difficulties with childhood anxiety.

Methods: Parents of 16 children (aged 7-12 years) referred to a child mental health service for difficulties with anxiety, were interviewed about their experiences of seeking and accessing treatment within CAMHS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12672DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Discovery and validation of a prognostic proteomic signature for tuberculosis progression: A prospective cohort study.

PLoS Med 2019 Apr 16;16(4):e1002781. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative, Division of Immunology, Department of Pathology and Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: A nonsputum blood test capable of predicting progression of healthy individuals to active tuberculosis (TB) before clinical symptoms manifest would allow targeted treatment to curb transmission. We aimed to develop a proteomic biomarker of risk of TB progression for ultimate translation into a point-of-care diagnostic.

Methods And Findings: Proteomic TB risk signatures were discovered in a longitudinal cohort of 6,363 Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected, HIV-negative South African adolescents aged 12-18 years (68% female) who participated in the Adolescent Cohort Study (ACS) between July 6, 2005 and April 23, 2007, through either active (every 6 months) or passive follow-up over 2 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002781DOI Listing

Factors associated with skilled attendants at birth among married adolescent girls in Nigeria: evidence from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 2016/2017.

Int Health 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: This study examines the factors associated with skilled birth attendants at delivery among married adolescent girls in Nigeria.

Methods: The study was a secondary data analysis of the fifth round of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey conducted between September 2016 and January 2017. Married adolescent girls aged 15-19 y who had live births in the last 2 y preceding the survey were included in the analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihz017DOI Listing

Model-Based Methods to Translate Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions Findings Into Policy Recommendations: Rationale and Protocol for a Modeling Core (ATN 161).

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Apr 16;8(4):e9898. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Medical Practice Evaluation Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that approximately 60,000 US youth are living with HIV. US youth living with HIV (YLWH) have poorer outcomes compared with adults, including lower rates of diagnosis, engagement, retention, and virologic suppression. With Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN) support, new trials of youth-centered interventions to improve retention in care and medication adherence among YLWH are underway. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/resprot.9898DOI Listing

Parent-Teen Group versus Dyadic Treatment for Adolescent ADHD: What Works for Whom?

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Apr 16:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

b Center for Children and Families , Florida International University.

The goal of this study was to evaluate the comparative efficacy of 2 clinic-based psychosocial treatment modalities for adolescent attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and identify characteristics that facilitate patient-modality matching. Culturally diverse adolescents with ADHD (N = 123) were randomized to 1 of 2 versions of a parent-teen psychosocial treatment for ADHD (Supporting Teens' Autonomy Daily [STAND]): (a) group parent and adolescent skills training or (b) dyadic skills training blended with motivational interviewing. Participants were assessed at baseline, posttreatment, and 6-month follow-up on ADHD symptom severity and functional treatment targets. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1585257DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparing the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias during epicardial ablation in swine vs. canine models.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne's University Hospital Brno, Pekařská 53, 656 91, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Choosing the appropriate animal model for development of novel technologies requires an understanding of anatomy and physiology of these different models. There is little data about the characteristics of different animal models for the study of technologies used for epicardial ablation. We aimed to compare the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias during epicardial radiofrequency ablation between swine and canine models using novel epicardial ablation catheters. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pace.13698DOI Listing
  • Page 1 of 39538