2,255 results match your criteria Adolescence [Journal]
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):665-83
Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Based on the responses of 5,946 adolescents (mean age = 14.77), the relationships among family influence, adolescents' volunteering intention, and volunteering behavior in a Chinese context were examined. A 9-item Chinese Family Influence on Adolescent Volunteerism Scale (C-FIAV) was used to measure nine kinds of influence of the family (such as family support) which could be subsumed under two underlying domains (positive family influence and extrinsic family influence). Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):651-64
Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, 151 Yin Chun Rd., Tamsui, Taipei 251, Taiwan.
To provide better instruction for the "Digital Native," it is important to understand the information processing behavior of adolescents using Internet programs and the potential impact of that behavior on learning. This study asks whether the use of general or specific learning goals in a hypertext environment affects learning performance. It also examines whether general versus specific learning goals have a different effect on adolescents with different cognitive styles (field dependent/field). Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):635-50
Division of Psychology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
This study examined the contribution of general normative beliefs about aggression and specific normative beliefs about retaliatory aggression in predicting physical, verbal, and indirect aggressive behaviors. Two hundred and forty-nine Grade 4 and Grade 5 boys completed the Normative Beliefs about Aggression Scale (NOBAGS) and provided self-reports on the frequency of their physical, verbal, and indirect aggressive behaviors. A series of hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that general normative beliefs about aggression contributed significantly in predicting all three types of aggressive behaviors. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):621-33
Early parenting experiences and child outcomes of adolescent mothers depend greatly on the mother's intellect, personal adaptability, and cognitive readiness. A plethora of research indicates that parenting adolescent females experience higher rates of depression and stress, attain fewer years of formal education, lack employment skills, live in higher rates of poverty, and tend to their children's needs inconsistently and less effectively compared to older mothers; these issues are indicative of poor child outcomes. A high percentage of adolescent girls engage in disorganized attachment relationships with their children. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):601-20
Richmond Area Multi-Services, Inc., San Francisco, California, USA.
The experiences of five Chinese immigrant adolescents who became participatory action researchers (PAR) (Fine et al,, 2002) through a school-based internship program in the United States are analyzed and presented. Evaluation of the project was conducted using content analysis of student researchers' journal entries. Discovery Oriented Approach analysis (Mahrer & Boulet, 1999; Mahrer 1988) was implemented and revealed the following main domains: Learning and Growth, Program Evaluation, Adjustment and Coping, Identity Development and Social Role, Pride, Social Support, Empathy, and Group Process. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):581-99
Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, 151, Yin-Chuan Road, Tamsui, Taipei Hsien 251, Taiwan, R.O.C.
The rapid advancement of Internet and computer technology has not only influenced the way we live, but also the way we learn. Due to the implementation of e-learning in urban junior high schools in Taiwan, it has become essential to find out how external and internal factors affect junior high school students' online learning behavior, which consequently affects their learning outcome. The present study aims to propose a conceptual structural equation model to investigate the relationships among e-Learning system quality (eLSQ), technology readiness (TR), learning behavior (LB), and learning outcome (LO), and to demonstrate the direct and indirect effect of eLSQ and TR on LO from the perspectives of LB. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):569-80
Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Spain.
Drawing from contemporary social cognitive theories of achievement motivation, the relationship of personal theories of achievement (ego and task theory) with perceived ability and reported satisfaction with school and sport was examined. The cross-domain generality of these relationships in these contexts, in the case of a representative sample of adolescents between 11 and 15 years of age (N = 967, M age = 13.5, SD = 1. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):557-68
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA.
This study investigated links between parent characteristics and daughters' attachment styles for 90 female undergraduates and their married biological parents. Parents with a secure attachment pattern were rated as more accepting, less controlling, more competent, and more consistent in showing love and affection to their daughter in contrast to parents with an insecure attachment pattern. Significant positive associations were found between mothers' fearful attachment scores and the fearful, preoccupied, and dismissive attachment scores of daughters. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):539-56
University of California, Berkeley 94720-1670, USA.
Time perspective refers to thoughts and attitudes toward the past, the present, and the future and may underlie adolescents' decisions and behaviors about school and work. To develop a greater understanding of the topic we used focus group methodology to examine how adolescents conceptualized the past, the present, and the future. Nineteen adolescents aged 13 to 17 participated in six focus groups. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):523-37
University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
The theoretical concept of self-socialization suggests that an individual is able to reflect on the self, formulate a vision of a future self, set goals, and take actions that create or alter the developmental trajectory. This case study of a parachute child illustrates how a person constructs her life from a very young age, drawing on a profound capacity for personal agency to overcome obstacles, identify resources, and internalize values to build a life structure. A model of the psychosocial process of self-socialization emerges from this case. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(175):505-21
Monmouth University, USA.
Research shows that students can articulate a definition of caring and identify specific behaviors of caring teachers. Some of this research also indicates that White students perceive caring differently from African American students. The purpose of this study was to examine what students from different cultural backgrounds and different grade levels identify as the practices teachers use to create a caring classroom. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):499-502
School of Social & Behavioral Sciences, Marist College, Poughkeepsie, New York 12601-1387, USA.
In this experiment the effect of spirituality and campus ministry involvement on academic accomplishment was studied. It was hypothesized that students who scored higher on the Index ofCore Spiritual Experiences, hereafter known as the INSPIRIT, taken from Measures of Religiosity (Hill, 1999), and who were more involved in campus ministry activities, would have higher grade point averages. A total of 247 Marist College sophomores and juniors were administered a questionnaire that contained the INSPIRIT and a list of campus ministry activities. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):479-98
University of Oslo, Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, Blindern, Norway.
This study investigated the associations among first sexual intercourse and body image, future educational plans, depressed moods, as well as the influence of parental education and income. These associations were tested by gender and ethnicity and adjusted for variables likely to affect the findings, such as perceived social support, sexual abuse, and age. Tenth graders from Lower Secondary Schools in Oslo enrolled in 2000 and 2001 were invited to participate in this cross-sectional in-school study (participation rate: 88%). Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):465-77
Hong Kong Institute of Educational Research, Faculty of Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong.
While empowerment has become a popular concept in working with adolescents, few attempts have been made to explore the possibilities for empowering school personnel to create an environment in which young people can make maximum use of the opportunity to learn and grow. Based on the field experiences of 15 Hong Kong school social workers, this article examines how practitioners use various strategies to interact with school personnel to generate empowering practices in the school setting: namely, (1) exerting influence on school personnel in daily conversations and interactions; (2) creating an environment conducive to the teacher-student relationship; (3) achieving consensus with school personnel through lobbying and negotiation; and (4) collaborating with school personnel to organize life education and positive youth development programs. The findings provide valuable reference materials to guide other practitioners in applying the empowerment approach in actual practice. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):447-63
Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.
Among young people with emotional and behavioral problems (EBP), mutual aid is likely to be valuable in their rehabilitation and deserving of social work support. The benefits of mutual aid stem from the possibility that it prolongs the effective contribution of social work service. Given its potential benefits, it is imperative to clarify the ways in which social work service maximizes these benefits. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):421-32
Bilkent University, BUPS/BIS, Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey.
This study investigated the role of sense of coherence and total physical activity in positive and negative affect. Participants were 376 (169 female, 206 male, and 1 missing value) student volunteers from different faculties of Middle East Technical University. Three questionnaires: Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), Physical Activity Assessment Questionnaire (PAAQ), and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) were administered to the students together with the demographic information sheet. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):407-19
School of Physical Education and Sport, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, Turkey.
The purpose of this study was to examine age and sex differences in physical self-concept of Turkish late adolescents and early adults. A total of 715 high school and 1,125 university students voluntarily participated and were administered the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire. The findings indicate significant sex and age differences on multiple dimensions of physical self, and that males and high school students scored higher on almost all subscales of physical self. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):375-89
Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong.
This study examines the ways in which program characteristics (i.e., involvement with service users, agency support, and class experience) and psychological engagement interact in university students to affect service-learning outcomes in such areas as personal development and civic commitment. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):359-73
Social Welfare Practice and Research Centre, Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
This paper described an indigenous multi-level counseling program designed for young people with Internet addiction problems based on the responses of 59 clients. Regarding objective outcome evaluation, pretest and posttest data generally showed that the Internet addiction problems of the participants decreased after joining the program and there were some slight positive changes in the parenting attributes. For the subjective outcome evaluation findings, participants generally perceived that the program was helpful. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):347-58
Anti-Bullying Centre, School of Education, Trinity College, University of Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Republic of Ireland.
McGuckin and Lewis (2003, 2006, 2008), Mc Guckin, Lewis and Cummins (under review b) have reported that little is known about the nature, incidence and correlates of bully/victim problems in the Northern Ireland school system. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported experiences of bully/victim problems among a representative sample of 7,223 11- to 16-year-olds living in Northern Ireland who participated in the 2003 Young Persons' Behaviour and Attitude Survey (YPBAS: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency [NISRA], 2003). Respondents were presented with three questions inquiring explicitly and three questions inquiring implicitly about bully/victim problems. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):313-33
Gevirtz Graduate School of Education, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
As the number of Mexican American school-aged children continues to increase, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers are in critical need of information to better understand and serve them. This study used structural equation modeling to examine the relationship among perceived parental educational involvement (PPEI), acculturation, gender, and self-esteem on the academic achievement and aspirations of Mexican American high school students (N = 298). Results revealed direct effects of perceived parental educational involvement, students' level of acculturation, and students' self-esteem on students' achievement and aspirations. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):289-312
In-depth interviews of students with qualitative analysis of the responses were used to explore perceptions of the non-academic advantages and disadvantages of Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) program participation, and differences between the AP and IB programs in those perceptions. Results revealed that benefits of participation, including pride in completing more challenging work, similarity and special bonds among participants, better treatment (more respect and responsibility) from teachers, better overall class atmosphere, and preference for AP and IB courses were consistent across schools and between programs. Also consistent were the disadvantages students reported, with marked differences in the intensity of disadvantages between the AP and IB programs. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):273-88
Department of Psychology and Counseling, Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, KS 66762, USA.
One hundred sixty-eight elementary and middle school teachers participated in this investigation on the impact of student gender and ethnicity on teacher recommendations for interventions for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants read a scenario describing a student with ADHD accompanied by a student photo which depicted his/her ethnicity and gender. Participants were then asked how strongly they would recommend four common interventions. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(174):253-71
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA.
This study investigated links between offsprings' attachment patterns and parent characteristics in 157 females and 62 males of parental divorce. Secure females and males reported affection, respect, and closeness toward both biological parents. Offsprings' insecure attachment pattern was associated with negative parent characteristics. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):233-43
Management of Science, Chiao Tung University, Taiwan.
The interrelationships of three issues relevant to adolescents are the focus of this study, namely, work experience, idolatry, and impulsive buying. Many young people work at some time during their years at high school, which is part of the process of socialization in terms of both thinking and behavior. Idolatry is a common phenomenon among adolescents, and is the way adolescents develop their own values and ideals. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):209-32
Bilkent University, Faculty of Art, Design, and Architecture, Interior Architecture and Environmental Design Department, Ankara, Turkey.
Teenagers spend much of their leisure time at shopping malls which is a result of factors such as parental constraints due to the incivility of the streets, financial dependence, and limited financial resources. Migros, a shopping mall in Ankara was chosen as the site for this research with the main purpose of studying discrimination patterns against teenagers in the mall environment. The research was carried out through observation and in-depth interviews with 104 teenagers. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):199-208
Vanung University, Chung-Li Tao-Yuan, 32045 Taiwan.
Even though use of the internet by adolescents has grown exponentially, little is known about the correlation between their interaction via Instant Messaging (IM) and the evolution of their interpersonal relationships in real life. In the present study, 369 junior high school students in Taiwan responded to questions regarding their IM usage and their dispositional measures of real-life interpersonal relationships. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and quantile regression methods were used to analyze the data. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):187-98
Department of Educational Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
The current study investigated (a) the relationship between self-esteem and health-risk behaviors and use of cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs, and (b) the gender differences in self-esteem and health-risk behaviors among a group of 243 late adolescents (124 males, 119 females) using a cross-sectional survey design. The age range of the participants was 17 to 24 with a mean age of 20.43 (SD = 1. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):165-85
Hacettepe Universitesi, Spor Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi Yüksekokulu, Ankara, Turkey.
Although there has been a long-standing debate about whether a single-sex or mixed-sex environment is better for students in many Western countries, coeducation is one of the taken-for-granted issues in the modern Turkish education system. This study examined commonly expressed concerns about gender equity in a mixed-sex environment within the context of physical education (PE) in Turkey. The purpose of the study was to examine teacher-student interaction in the coed PE classroom, focusing on gender-stereotyped beliefs. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):149-63
Amsterdam Institute for Metropolitan and International Development Studies (AMIDSt), University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
This article examining the impact of migration experience on self-esteem of girls enrolled at primary schools in Turkey. It is based on a broader study that explored educational and coping strategies of internal migrant girls living in a suburban town in the western part of Turkey. The study showed that students encountered a variety of challenges in their new school environment including adaptation, language, low socioeconomic background, peer relations, discrimination, and bullying. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):133-48
Carlos Albizu University, San Juan PR 00902.
The Child Depression Inventory (CDI), a self-report instrument that measures depressive symptomatology in children, has been shown to have adequate construct validity (Kovacs, 1983, 1992). However, limited research has been conducted with minority children and adolescents. In the present study, the construct validity of the Spanish-language version of the Child Depression Inventory (CDI-S) ages 8-12 years (N = 100). Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):101-31
Universidad de Valencia, Departamento de Metodologia, Valencia, Spain.
The aim of this paper is to establish which parenting style is associated with optimum youth outcomes among adolescents of Spanish families. A sample of 1,416 teenagers from 12 to 17 years of age, of whom 57.2% were females, reported on their parents' child-rearing practices. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):87-99
Department of Social Welfare, Daejin University, Pocheon City, Kyung-gi, South Korea.
This study examined the roles played by parental alcohol abuse and social support, peer substance abuse risk and social support, and substance abuse risk among adolescents in South Korea. Participants were adolescents between the ages of 15 and 22 years (mean, 18), residing in Seoul city and in surrounding Kyung-gi Province. Of 259 participants, 41. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):55-68
College of Professional Studies, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL 32514, USA.
Disclosure of stressful life experiences is described here as a potential means of stress reduction and as a potential indicator of available support. This study compared reports of the disclosure of college experiences by college freshmen (N = 1,539). Using a student survey conducted at four universities across the country, disclosure by first-generation student status was compared. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):33-54
Department of Psychology, Stern College for Women, Yeshiva University, New York, NY 10016, USA.
Social experiences are central to the adolescent experience (Hartup & Stevens, 1997). The current study examined how this emphasis on social behavior would be reflected in both quantitative and qualitative measures. To do this, 57 adolescent girls (aged 11-19 years) completed questionnaires about their achievements and social and relaxation activities. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):21-32
Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849-5221, USA.
The traditional criteria for granting status to adolescents are no longer appropriate and, unless replaced, could produce alienation and excessive reliance upon peers for communication and acceptance. The status that youth seek can be attained if their technology skills are valued and seen to qualify them as helpful sources of learning for adults. A new perspective for teaching and learning in the digital environment is described. Read More
Adolescence 2009 ;44(173):1-19
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, USA.
During the last ten years, an infusion of private foundation and government funding markedly increased the number of after-school programs targeting adolescents. This review focuses on the quality of after-school program evaluation research. Numerous evaluations of after-school programs exist, but serious methodological flaws limit the conclusions that can be drawn with confidence from most of the studies. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):927-31
Department of Psychology, Morehouse College, 231 Dansby Hall, 830 Westview Dr., S.W., Atlanta, GA 30314, USA.
Condom use at last sex is a widely used indicator in sexual behavior research; however, there is little empirical research validating this indicator. This study examined whether a single-event recall period (the last time coitus occurred) was consistent with longer recall periods (14 days and 60 days) for a sample of African American adolescent females (N = 566). The findings from this study demonstrate that condom use at last coitus is a valid proxy for condom use behaviors spanning longer time periods. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):911-26
Department of Educational Studies, Purdue University, 100 N. University St. BRNG 5168, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
This study investigated the effect of loneliness on the conflict resolution strategies of adolescents toward their friends, mothers, and fathers. High school students (N = 180) from 8 different schools in Ankara, Turkey, completed the UCLA Loneliness Scale and Conflict Resolution Questionnaire with respect to their friends, mothers, and fathers. Results indicated no significant interaction among level of loneliness, conflict resolution strategies, and type of relationship. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):895-909
Department of Social Welfare, Daejin University, San 11-1 Sundah-dong, Pocheon City, Kyunggi-Do, Rep of Korea.
This study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction among South Korean adolescents and explored family factors associated with such addiction. The study participants were middle and high school students residing in Seoul. One-tenth (10. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):881-93
Institute of Marketing & Logistics Management, National Chiayi University, 580 Shin-Min Rd., Chiayi City, Taiwan.
This article explores how an attribution model will illustrate uniqueness-seeking behavior in dressing in the Taiwanese adolescent subculture. The study employed 443 senior high school students. Results show that the tendency of uniqueness-seeking behavior in dressing is moderate. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):861-79
Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, Eirberg, Eiriksgata 34, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland.
Limited information is available about the childbearing decision-making experience by the pregnant adolescent. The purpose of this case study was to explore this experience with three pregnant teenagers. The study is based on nine qualitative interviews. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):847-59
Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands.
The number of children displaying childhood disorders in the Netherlands is estimated through a questionnaire referencing DSM-IV symptoms filled out by the parents of 2,563 4- 18-year-old Dutch children randomly taken from the general Dutch Youth population in 2004. The number of impaired children was estimated by applying the DSM-IV criteria for impairment by symptoms. It was found that 14% of all Dutch children display developmental difficulties, with 8% at risk of moderate behavioral and emotional difficulties and 6% at risk of a childhood psychiatric disorder. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):823-45
Centre for Quality of Life, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin.
Although many studies are evaluating the effectiveness of adolescent prevention and positive youth development programs, training programs for workers implementing such programs are seldom examined. In this paper, such programs indexed in several databases were reviewed. The basic characteristics, objectives, content, theory, process, and evaluation of the programs reviewed were examined. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):807-22
Centre for Quality of Life, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
A total of 207 schools (N = 33,693 students) participated in the Secondary 1 Program of Project P.A.T. Read More
Adolescence 2008 ;43(172):791-806
RE-1Valley School District, Sterling, CO, USA.
This study investigated the presence and strength of the relationship between daily hassles, coping style, negative mood regulations, and somatic symptomatology in junior high rural adolescents. Five paper-and-pencil instruments assessing perceived daily hassles, coping strategies, ability to successfully alleviate a negative mood state, degree of somatic symptomatology, and general demographic information were completed by 138 7th and 8th grade students from a number of rural areas in a mid-western state. Results indicated that hassles were a significant predictor of symptomatology in addition to the coping styles of substance use and professional support. Read More