58,462 results match your criteria Administrative Eyecare[Journal]


Unexpected discrepancies in hospital administrative databases can impact the accuracy of monitoring thyroid surgery outcomes in France.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208416. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of General and Endocrine Surgery, Lyon Sud Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pierre-Bénite, France.

Objective: To determine the validity of hospital administrative databases compared to prospective collection of medical data assessing thyroid surgery complications.

Background: Administrative data are increasingly used to track surgical outcomes.

Methods: All patients undergoing thyroid surgery at three French university hospitals between April 2008 and April 2009 were prospectively included. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Risk prediction system for dengue transmission based on high resolution weather data.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208203. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

IBM Research Australia, Southgate, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Dengue is the fastest spreading vector-borne viral disease, resulting in an estimated 390 million infections annually. Precise prediction of many attributes related to dengue is still a challenge due to the complex dynamics of the disease. Important attributes to predict include: the risk of and risk factors for an infection; infection severity; and the timing and magnitude of outbreaks. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The impact of a fine-scale population stratification on rare variant association test results.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207677. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

INSERM, CNRS, UNIV Nantes, l'institut du thorax, Nantes, France.

Population stratification is a well-known confounding factor in both common and rare variant association analyses. Rare variants tend to be more geographically clustered than common variants, because of their more recent origin. However, it is not yet clear if population stratification at a very fine scale (neighboring administrative regions within a country) would lead to statistical bias in rare variant analyses. Read More

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December 2018

Techniques for improving ophthalmic studies performed on administrative databases.

Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2018 Dec 6:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

e Department of Ophthalmology , Scheie Eye Institute, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

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December 2018
1 Read

Indirect Estimation of Race/Ethnicity for Survey Respondents Who Do Not Report Race/Ethnicity.

Med Care 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA.

Background: Researchers are increasingly interested in measuring race/ethnicity, but some survey respondents skip race/ethnicity items.

Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the extent to which racial/ethnic groups differ in skipping race/ethnicity survey items, the degree to which this reflects reluctance to disclose race/ethnicity, and the utility of imputing missing race/ethnicity.

Research Design: We applied a previously developed method for imputing race/ethnicity from administrative data (Medicare Bayesian Improved Surname and Geocoding 2. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Links Between Strokes and Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: A Population-Based Study.

Can J Neurol Sci 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary,University of Alberta,Edmonton, Alberta,Canada.

Background: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a disease of abnormal vasculature where patients are predisposed to strokes of multiple etiologies. We assessed yearly stroke incidence among Albertans with HHT and compared with the general population. Given the tendency for stroke in HHT patients, we expected HHT patients to have higher stroke incidence, in particular at younger ages. Read More

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December 2018

Reducing Drug Wastage in Pharmaceuticals Dosed by Weight or Body Surface Areas by Optimising Vial Sizes.

Appl Health Econ Health Policy 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Delta Hat Limited, 212 Tamworth Road, Nottingham, NG10 3GS, UK.

Background: When pharmaceuticals are administered based on patient characteristics (for example weight or body surface area), an amount of product will be unused and must be disposed of. This wastage represents inefficiency and can distort decision making.

Methods: We present a method for the analysis of optimum fill volumes of pharmaceuticals to minimise wastage across a patient population, using publicly available data. Read More

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December 2018

Exploration of a cultural-adaptation of the EQ-5D for Thai population: A "bolt-on" experiment.

Qual Life Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Rd., Rajathevi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Purpose: As the EQ-5D was developed in western countries with only five dimensions, it might be insensitive to non-western populations including Thai. This study examined the impact of adding two candidate dimensions, "interpersonal relationships (IR)" and "activities related to bending knees (AK)," to the EQ-5D questionnaire, and evaluated their psychometric properties in a Thai population sample.

Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 600 Thai. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Early Motherhood Among Low-Income, Maltreated, and Foster Youth.

Demography 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Social Work, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.

Early childbearing is associated with a host of educational and economic disruptions for teenage girls and increased risk of adverse outcomes for their children. Low-income, maltreated, and foster youth have a higher risk of teen motherhood than the general population of youth. In this study, we assessed differences in the risk of early motherhood among these groups and investigated whether differences likely reflect selection factors versus effects of involvement with Child Protective Services (CPS) or foster care. Read More

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December 2018

Rural and urban disparities in the care of Canadian patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 8;10:1613-1626. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Background And Aims: Canada's large geographic area and low population density pose challenges in access to specialized health care for remote and rural residents. We compared health services use, surgical rate, and specialist gastroenterologist care in rural and urban inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients in Canada.

Methods: We used validated algorithms that were applied to population-based health administrative data to identify all people living with the following three Canadian provinces: Alberta, Manitoba, and Ontario (ON). Read More

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November 2018

Neighbourhoods, networks and pre-exposure prophylaxis awareness: a multilevel analysis of a sample of young black men who have sex with men.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Chicago Center for HIV Elimination, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: Young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in the USA represent a subgroup that has the highest HIV incidence among the overall population. In the USA, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective prevention intervention to prevent HIV acquisition when taken regularly. Neighbourhood and network factors may relate to PrEP awareness, but have not been studied in YBMSM. Read More

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December 2018

Hybrid prevalence estimation: Method to improve intervention coverage estimations.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of International Public Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, L3 5QA Liverpool, United Kingdom;

Delivering excellent health services requires accurate health information systems (HIS) data. Poor-quality data can lead to poor judgments and outcomes. Unlike probability surveys, which are representative of the population and carry accuracy estimates, HIS do not, but in many countries the HIS is the primary source of data used for administrative estimates. Read More

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December 2018

Drug overdose in the ED: a record linkage study examining emergency department ICD-10 coding practices in a cohort of people who inject drugs.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 5;18(1):945. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Centre For Population Health, Burnet Institute, 85 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.

Background: Drug overdose is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity amongst people who inject drugs (PWID). Drug overdose surveillance typically relies on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) coding system, however its real world utilisation and the implications for surveillance have not been well characterised. This study examines the patterns of ICD-10 coding pertaining to drug overdoses within emergency departments for a cohort of known PWID. Read More

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December 2018

A Systematic Review of the Medicinal Potential of Mulberry in Treating Diabetes Mellitus.

Am J Chin Med 2018 Dec 6:1-28. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

† School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, P. R. China.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious metabolic disorder which has reached epidemic proportions all over the world. Despite tremendous developments in medicinal chemistry, traditional medicine is still commonly used for the prevention and treatment of DM. Traditional herbal medicines have played a major role in the management of DM in Asian countries. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Is the reported increase in young female hospital-treated intentional self-harm real or artefactual?

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5:4867418815977. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background:: The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has reported an increased rate of hospital-treated intentional self-harm in young females (2000-2012) in Australia. These reported increases arise from institutional data that are acknowledged to underestimate the true rate, although the degree of underestimation is not known.

Objective:: To consider whether the reported increase in young females' hospital-treated intentional self-harm is real or artefactual and specify the degree of institutional underestimation. Read More

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December 2018

Competencies in Imaging Administration.

Authors:
Kimlyn N Queen

Radiol Manage 2014 Sep;36(5):30-34

"In order to support the front line staff and create a high quality, successful imaging department, the administrative team must be made up of a variety of compe- tent leaders, including the imaging direc- tor/administrator, PACS/RIS administra- tor, and radiation safety officer. " The core competencies of an imaging director include demonstrated expertise in human resources, asset management, fiscal management, communication, and operations. " PACS/RIS administrators must possess skill sets that bridge the domains of a radiologic technologist, informa- tion systems analyst, and imaging administrator-competencies can be placed into three categories: behavioral, business, and technical. Read More

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September 2014
1 Read

Clinical Experiences: Navigating the Intricacies of Student Placement Requirements.

J Allied Health 2018 ;47(4):237-242

Dep. of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 930 Madison Ave, Suite 662, Memphis, TN 38163, USA. Tel 901-448-2136, fax 901-448-7545.

Clinical apprenticeships, also called clinical experiences, are integral to most allied health (AH) student professional education. Clinical experiences begin the process of enculturating students into a healthcare profession where higher cognitive mastery of learned skills is supported through social interaction and scaffolding with an AH professional. In AH programs, clinical experiences for students are a necessity for programmatic accreditation; however, clinical sites have developed a range of requirements for students, which lead to a myriad of issues. Read More

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January 2018

Mental Health and Substance Use-Related Hospitalizations Among Women of Reproductive Age in Illinois and Wisconsin.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 3:33354918812807. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

4 Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Introduction:: Mental health and substance use are growing public health concerns, but established surveillance methods do not measure the burden of these conditions among women of reproductive age. We developed a standardized indicator from administrative data to identify inpatient hospitalizations related to mental health or substance use (MHSU) among women of reproductive age, as well as co-occurrence of mental health and substance use conditions among those hospitalizations.

Materials And Methods:: We used inpatient hospital discharge data from 2012-2014 for women aged 15-44 residing in Illinois and Wisconsin. Read More

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December 2018

Trends in Drug Use-Associated Infective Endocarditis and Heart Valve Surgery, 2007 to 2017: A Study of Statewide Discharge Data.

Ann Intern Med 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (A.J.S., D.L.R.).

Background: Drug use-associated infective endocarditis (DUA-IE) is increasing as a result of the opioid epidemic. Infective endocarditis may require valve surgery, but surgical treatment of DUA-IE has invoked controversy, and the extent of its use is unknown.

Objective: To examine hospitalization trends for DUA-IE, the proportion of hospitalizations with surgery, patient characteristics, length of stay, and charges. Read More

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December 2018

Part-time in general practice-a remedy to a time-based problem?

Fam Pract 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Research School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Background: Increasing numbers of GPs are reducing the hours they work in clinical practice. The reasons for and implications of this are not well-understood.

Objective: To investigate how the demands of general practice, especially new time pressures, impact GPs' professional and personal lives and work hour choices. Read More

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December 2018

Pharmacologic Approach to Management of Clostridium difficile Infection.

Crit Care Nurs Q 2019 Jan/Mar;42(1):2-11

Department of Pharmacy, St Elizabeth Healthcare, Edgewood, Kentucky (Drs Martin, Vincent, Gillian, Moore, and Ratermann); Department of Pharmacy Services, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, and Division of Pharmacy Practice and Administrative Sciences, James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy, Cincinnati, Ohio (Dr Droege).

Clostridium difficile is a gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that is the leading cause of nosocomial infections in hospitals in the United States. Critically ill patients are at high risk for C. difficile infection (CDI) and face potentially detrimental effects, including prolonged hospitalization, risk of recurrent disease, complicated surgery, and death. Read More

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December 2018

Imputation of race/ethnicity to enable measurement of HEDIS performance by race/ethnicity.

Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objective: To improve an existing method, Medicare Bayesian Improved Surname Geocoding (MBISG) 1.0 that augments the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) administrative measure of race/ethnicity with surname and geographic data to estimate race/ethnicity.

Data Sources/study Setting: Data from 284 627 respondents to the 2014 Medicare CAHPS survey. Read More

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December 2018

Age Affects the Impact of Important Predictors on Mental Health Emergency Department Visits.

J Behav Health Serv Res 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.

Visits to emergency departments (EDs) for pediatric mental health care have increased over the years. The likelihood of ED re-visit is greatest for older children; however, little is known about age-varying effects on ED visits/re-visits. This study used population-based administrative databases from Alberta, Canada, to investigate the association of predictors on mental health ED visit frequency by age for 27,947 children who presented at least once for mental health care from April 2002 to March 2011. Read More

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November 2018

Contributing factors to outpatient pharmacy near miss errors: a Malaysian prospective multi-center study.

Int J Clin Pharm 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Pharmacy Department, Hospital Seberang Jaya, Perai, Penang, Malaysia.

Background Detecting errors before medication dispensed or 'near misses' is a crucial step to combat the incidence of dispensing error. Despite this, no published evidence available in Malaysia relating to these issues. Objective To determine the incidence of medication labeling and filling errors, frequency of each type of the errors and frequency of the contributing factors at the final stage before dispensing. Read More

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November 2018

Is an activity volume threshold really realistic for lung cancer resection?

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5685-5694

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Dijon University Hospital, Dijon, France.

Background: We analyzed volume as a continuous variable to estimate threshold, which is a methodology rarely seen in the literature. The objective of this work was to assess hospital volume for lung cancer (LC) surgery and to establish the associated threshold for acceptable in-hospital mortality (IHM). Data was obtained from the French national medico-administrative database. Read More

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October 2018

Do primary care physicians require training in core clinical dermatology? A cross sectional needs assessment study from Western India.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Community Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Background: Primary care physicians play a crucial role in managing patients with common skin disorders who form around one-third of outpatient attendees.

Aim: This study aimed to assess the need for dermatology training among primary care physicians by assessing their knowledge, self-perception of ability to diagnose and manage skin disorders, and their difficulties in managing these patients.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, needs assessment study was done among primary care physicians (n = 61) of rural (n = 34) and urban (n = 27) areas of Vadodara district. Read More

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November 2018

Critical Care Nurses' Reasons for Working or Not Working Overtime.

Crit Care Nurse 2018 Dec;38(6):47-57

Vanessa M. Lobo develops workshops for clinicians and teaches in Health Organization Management at the Canadian University Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Jenny Ploeg is a professor in the School of Nursing and associate member, Department of Health, Aging and Society, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. She is scientific director of the Aging, Community and Health Research Unit, School of Nursing, McMaster University. Anita Fisher is an associate professor in the School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science at McMaster University. Gladys Peachey is retired from the faculty of Nursing at McMaster University. Noori Akhtar-Danesh is an associate professor of biostatistics, School of Nursing, McMaster University.

Background: Around the world, registered nurses are working increasing amounts of overtime. This is particularly true in critical care environments, which experience unpredictable fluctuations in patient volume and acuity, combined with a need for more specialized nurses.

Objective: To explore critical care nurses' reasons for working or not working overtime. Read More

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December 2018

Navigating Communication Challenges in Clinical Practice: A New Approach to Team Education.

Crit Care Nurse 2018 Dec;38(6):15-22

Christine M. Rachwal is a CICU nurse practice specialist in the cardiovascular and critical care programs, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. She is also faculty associate and leadership circle member for the Institute for Professionalism and Ethical Practice, Boston Children's Hospital. Thorsten Langer is an attending physician in the Department of Neuropediatrics and Muscle Disorders, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, and an international faculty associate for the Institute for Professionalism and Ethical Practice. Bethany P. Trainor is the manager of the clinical research navigation program at the Institutional Centers for Clinical and Translational Research, Boston Children's Hospital. Mary Anne Bell is a clinical staff nurse I in the cardiovascular and critical care programs, Boston Children's Hospital. David M. Browning is senior scholar emeritus for the Institute for Professionalism and Ethical Practice. Elaine C. Meyer is the founding director of the Institute for Professionalism and Ethical Practice and associate professor in psychology, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Cultivating a healthy work environment and upholding patient safety are important priorities in health care. Challenges in workplace communication are common and affect staff well-being and patient outcomes. Previous interventions have focused on organizational issues and work-life balance. Read More

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December 2018

Continuous EEG is associated with favorable hospitalization outcomes for critically ill patients.

Neurology 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

From the Department of Neurology (C.E.H., L.J.B., D.T., K.A.D., N.D., B.L., A.W.W.), Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (C.E.H., N.D., A.W.W.), Translational Center of Excellence for Neurology Outcomes Research, Department of Neurology (D.T., A.W.W.), and Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics (A.W.W.), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Objective: To characterize continuous EEG (cEEG) use patterns in the critically ill and to determine the association with hospitalization outcomes for specific diagnoses.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study with National Inpatient Sample data from 2004 to 2013. We sampled hospitalized adult patients who received intensive care and then compared patients who underwent cEEG to those who did not. Read More

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November 2018

The effect of rupture of membranes and labour on the risk of hepatitis B vertical transmission: Prospective multicentre observational study.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Nov 23;232:97-100. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of rupture of membranes and labour on the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vertical transmission.

Study Design: A prospective multicentre observational study was carried out in Hong Kong between 2014-2016. Pregnant HBV carriers were recruited. Read More

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November 2018

Patients Prescribed Direct-acting Oral Anticoagulants Have Low Risk of Post-Polypectomy Complications.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Division of Gastroenterology, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background & Aims: Use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) is increasing, but little is known about the associated risks in patients undergoing colonoscopy with polypectomy. We aimed to determine the risk of post-polypectomy complications in patients prescribed DOACs.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis using the Clinformatics Data Mart Database (a de-identified administrative database from a large national insurance provider) to identify adults who underwent colonoscopy with polypectomy or endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2015. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Trends in Insomnia Diagnosis and Treatment Among Medicare Beneficiaries, 2006-2013.

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Neurology (SET), Columbia University, New York.

Objective: Insomnia is an important clinical problem affecting the elderly. We examined trends in insomnia diagnosis and treatment among Medicare beneficiaries over an eight-year period.

Methods: This was a time-series analysis of Medicare administrative data for years 2006-2013. Read More

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November 2018

Factors Predicting Ventriculostomy Revision at a Large Academic Medical Center.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Silverstein Pavilion 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA, USA 19104.

Background: Freehand bedside ventriculostomy placement can result in catheter malfunction requiring a revision procedure and cause significant patient morbidity. We performed a single-center retrospective review to assess factors related to this complication.

Methods: Using an administrative database and chart review, we identified 101 first-time EVD placements performed at the bedside. Read More

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November 2018

Use of different combination diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccines does not increase risk of 30-day infant mortality. A population-based linkage cohort study using administrative data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register and the National Death Index.

Vaccine 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Discipline of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine whether differences in combination DTaP vaccine types at 2, 4 and 6 months of age were associated with mortality (all-cause or non-specific), within 30 days of vaccination.

Design: Observational nationwide cohort study.

Setting: Linked population data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register and National Death Index. Read More

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November 2018

Recent progress in nanomaterial-based assay for the detection of phytotoxins in foods.

Food Chem 2019 Mar 15;277:162-178. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 999077, China. Electronic address:

Phytotoxins refers to toxic chemicals derived from plants. They include both secondary metabolites that are dose-dependently toxic and allergens that can cause anaphylactic shock in sensitive individuals. Detecting phytotoxins in foods is increasingly important. Read More

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Incidence of sharps injuries in surgical units, a meta-analysis and meta-regression.

Am J Infect Control 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Cochrane Work Review Group, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Kuopio, Finland.

Background: Sharps injuries occur often among surgical staff, but they vary considerably.

Methods: We searched PubMed and Embase for studies assessing the incidence of sharps injuries. We combined the incidence rates of similar studies in a random effects meta-analysis and explored heterogeneity with meta-regression. Read More

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November 2018

Early initiation of palliative care is associated with reduced late-life acute-hospital use: A population-based retrospective cohort study.

Palliat Med 2018 Dec 3:269216318815794. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

3 Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background:: Early palliative care can reduce end-of-life acute-care use, but findings are mainly limited to cancer populations receiving hospital interventions. Few studies describe how early versus late palliative care affects end-of-life service utilization.

Aim:: To investigate the association between early versus late palliative care (hospital/community-based) and acute-care use and other publicly funded services in the 2 weeks before death. Read More

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December 2018

Traumatic brain injury is highly associated with self-reported childhood trauma within a juvenile offender cohort.

Brain Inj 2018 Dec 2:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

f Kirby Institute , University of New South Wales , Sydney , Australia.

Primary Objective: To identify correlates of past traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a population of young offenders.

Research Design: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on available data from a sample derived from the NSW Young People on Community Orders Health Survey.

Procedures: Study participants were administered questionnaires to collect history relating to past TBI, childhood trauma, substance abuse, and psychological/psychiatric symptoms and underwent assessments of intellectual functioning. Read More

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December 2018

Evolution of the report of suffering bullying among Brazilian schoolchildren: National Scholl Health Survey - 2009 to 2015.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2018 Nov 29;21(suppl 1):e180015. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Escola de Enfermagem, Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo - Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brasil.

Introduction: The purpose of this paper was to compare the tendency of bullying across Brazilian capitals, considering the editions of National Scholl Health Survey (PeNSE) 2009, 2012 and 2015, and to describe the prevalence of bullying by sex, age and administrative dependence of the school in the 2015 sample.

Methodology: The prevalence of bullying and its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were assessed per State capital and for all capitals. 95%CI was used to check for differences in the period. Read More

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November 2018

Adverse drug events identified in hospitalized patients in Brazil by International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) code listings.

Cad Saude Publica 2018 Nov 29;34(12):e00222417. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Studies of adverse drug events (ADEs) are important in order not to jeopardize the positive impact of pharmacotherapy. These events have substantial impact on the population morbidity profiles, and increasing health system operating costs. Administrative databases are an important source of information for public health purposes and for identifying ADEs. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Improving the calling of non-invasive prenatal testing on 13-/18-/21-trisomy by support vector machine discrimination.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0207840. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Guangzhou DaAn Clinical Laboratory Center, YunKang Group, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

With the advance of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) has been developed and employed in fetal aneuploidy screening on 13-/18-/21-trisomies through detecting cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal blood. Although Z-test is widely used in NIPT NGS data analysis, there is still necessity to improve its accuracy for reducing a) false negatives and false positives, and b) the ratio of unclassified data, so as to lower the potential harm to patients as well as the induced cost of retests. Combining the multiple Z-tests with indexes of clinical signs and quality control, features were collected from the known samples and scaled for model training using support vector machine (SVM). Read More

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December 2018

The association between workplace violence and physicians' and nurses' job satisfaction in Macau.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0207577. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.

Background: This paper describes the association between workplace violence and job satisfaction among physicians and nurses in Macau. Convenience sampling was sourced from six health centers under the Macau Health Bureau.

Methods: This study uses a cross-sectional self-administrative survey. Read More

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December 2018

Assessing the relation of the coded nursing care and nursing intensity data: Towards the exploitation of clinical data for administrative use and the design of nursing workload.

Health Informatics J 2018 Dec 5:1460458218813613. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Eastern Finland, Finland.

Patient-care data from the electronic health record systems are increasingly in demand for re-use in administration and resource planning. Nursing documentation with coded concepts is expected to produce more reliable data, fulfilling better requirements for re-use. The aim was to ascertain what kind of relation exist between coded nursing diagnoses, nursing interventions, and nursing intensity and to discuss the possibilities for re-using nursing data for workload design. Read More

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December 2018

Solution-Controlled Conformational Switching of an Anchored Wireframe DNA Nanostructure.

Small 2018 Dec 5:e1803628. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Biomaterials, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Solnvägen 9, 171 65, Solna, Sweden.

Self-assembled DNA origami nanostructures have a high degree of programmable spatial control that enables nanoscale molecular manipulations. A surface-tethered, flexible DNA nanomesh is reported herein which spontaneously undergoes sharp, dynamic conformational transitions under physiological conditions. The transitions occur between two major macrostates: a spread state dominated by the interaction between the DNA nanomesh and the BSA/streptavidin surface and a surface-avoiding contracted state. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Comparing external and internal validation methods in correcting outcome misclassification bias in logistic regression: A simulation study and application to the case of postsurgical venous thromboembolism following total hip and knee arthroplasty.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Purpose: We assessed the validity of postsurgery venous thromboembolism (VTE) diagnoses identified from administrative databases and compared Bayesian and multiple imputation (MI) approaches in correcting for outcome misclassification in logistic regression models.

Methods: Sensitivity and specificity of postsurgery VTE among patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement (THR/TKR) were assessed against chart review in six Montreal hospitals in 2009 to 2010. Administrative data on all THR/TKR Quebec patients in 2009 to 2010 were obtained. Read More

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December 2018

"Bite-sized" rivaroxaban patient education and its effect on knowledge.

Int J Clin Pharm 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Wayne State University and St. John Hospital and Medical Center, 259 Mack Avenue, Detroit, MI, 48201, USA.

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December 2018

Use of antiosteoporotic drugs and calcium/vitamin D in patients with fragility fractures: impact on re-fracture and mortality risk.

Endocrine 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Medicine, Clinica Medica 1, University of Padova and Regional Center for Osteoporosis, Padova, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of pharmacological treatment in osteoporosis patients with recent fracture and to assess the incidence of subsequent fracture and all-cause mortality.

Methods: This observational retrospective study was based on data from administrative databases of five Italian Local Health Units. Osteoporosis patients aged ≥ 50 years with hospitalization for vertebral or hip fracture occurring between 01/01/2011 and 31/12/2015 were included. Read More

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December 2018

Identifying diabetes cases in health administrative databases: a validation study based on a large French cohort.

Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Santé publique France (SpF), F-94415, Saint-Maurice, France.

Objectives: In the French national health insurance information system (SNDS) three diabetes case definition algorithms are applied to identify diabetic patients. The objective of this study was to validate those using data from a large cohort.

Methods: The CONSTANCES cohort (Cohorte des consultants des Centres d'examens de santé) comprises a randomly selected sample of adults living in France. Read More

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December 2018

Whale Shark Tourism: Impacts on Coral Reefs in the Philippines.

Environ Manage 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

The Swire Institute of Marine Science and School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

Reef-based tourism has been developing rapidly in recent decades yet its impacts on reef ecosystems are often overlooked. In Tan-awan, Oslob, Philippines, whale sharks are attracted to the shallow reefs where they are provisioned up to 50 tons y of feed and this phenomenon in turn attracts >300,000 y visitors. Given the intensive provisioning and concentrating tourism activities, we hypothesized that the whale shark tourism-impacted site (IS) will have greater impacts on reef degradation and higher anthropogenic nitrogen pollution level compared to its reference site (RS). Read More

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December 2018

Developing a Minimum Data Set (MDS) for Cardiac Electronic Implantable Devices Implantation.

Acta Inform Med 2018 Oct;26(3):164-168

Department of Health Information Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: There is no established minimum data set (MDS) for cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), which have led to a lack of standardized assessment criteria in this field to ensure access to a reliable and coherent set of data.

Objective: To establish the minimum data set of CIEDs implantation that enables consistency in data gathering, uniform data reporting and data exchange in clinical and research information systems.

Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018. Read More

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October 2018
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