6,694 results match your criteria Adjuncts to the Forensic Autopsy


Feasibility of ultrasound tomography-guided localized mild hyperthermia using ring transducer: Ex vivo and In silico studies.

Med Phys 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, 48202, USA.

Background: As of 2022, breast cancer continues to be the most diagnosed cancer worldwide. This problem persists within the U.S as well, as the American Cancer Society has reported that approximately 12. Read More

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Oculofacial Prosthetic Rehabilitation Complemented With Temporary Fillers and Neurotoxin.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Paulista University (UNIP), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract: Surgical treatment of head and neck cancer causes severe tissue loss, therefore, deformities and psychosocial consequences. In cases involving orbit exenteration, satisfactory reconstruction can only be achieved with prosthetic replacement, despite successful reconstructive plastic surgery. Extraoral implants, 3D scanning, and prototyping technologies have contributed to increase satisfactory aesthetic results of oculofacial prosthesis. Read More

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Atypical dermatologic manifestations in complex regional pain syndrome: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 27;16(1):251. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic pain condition characterized by autonomic dysfunction, changes in sympathetic and vasomotor activity, and sensory and motor changes. Complex regional pain syndrome is a clinical diagnosis and may occur after trauma or surgery. Complex regional pain syndrome-related pain may occur spontaneously and is out of proportion with the inciting event. Read More

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Minimally Invasive Magnetic Removal of Forehead Foreign Body.

Cureus 2022 May 20;14(5):e25168. Epub 2022 May 20.

Plastic Surgery, Larkin Community Hopistal, Miami, USA.

Residual foreign bodies are common sequelae of penetrating injuries. These may be left in situ or extracted and can be difficult to localize, often requiring wide exposure, which can be difficult to achieve in cosmetically sensitive areas. Different technological adjuncts are used to facilitate foreign body removal including fluoroscopy, ultrasound, and more recently, surgical magnets. Read More

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Consume, Contribute, and Create: Succeeding as a Learner and Educator in the Digital Era.

Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2022 3;18(3):59-66. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, US.

From medical student to professorship, the practice of medicine requires lifelong learning. The unforgivingly rapid expansion of medical literature often renders traditional educational resources quickly outdated if not altogether obsolete. Conversely, increasingly popular digital platforms are easily accessible and quickly updated, offering vital adjuncts to traditional resources for the modern student. Read More

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Standardization and quality profile of mix.

J Food Sci Technol 2022 Jul 9;59(7):2584-2598. Epub 2021 Nov 9.

Department of Grain Science and Technology, CSIR-Central Food Technology Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka India.

Wheat (T1) and maize (T2) based were formulated using chick pea, barley and other food adjuncts. Results revealed that, no significant difference was observed in the protein and ash content between control (chickpea basede mix) and T1. However, significant difference was observed between the control and T2 sample between moisture, fat, insoluble and total fiber, with the exception of protein, soluble fiber and ash. Read More

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Adjunct therapy at time of exam-indicated cervical cerclage in singleton pregnancies: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Perinatol 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Utah Health, Salt Lake City, United States.

Objective: Physical exam-indicated cerclage for cervical insufficiency prolongs gestation, but evidence on the addition of adjuncts to further prolong latency is limited. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare gestational latency between those who did and did not receive adjunct antibiotic or tocolytic therapy at the time of exam-indicated cerclage.

Study Design: Electronic databases (1966 to 2020) were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and cohort studies comparing adjunct antibiotic or tocolytic use versus non-use at time of exam-indicated cerclage, defined as placement for cervical dilation ≥ 1 cm, in a current singleton pregnancy. Read More

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Fibrin glue versus autologous platelet-rich fibrin - comparison of effectiveness on the cohort of patients with fistula-in-ano undergoing video-assisted anal fistula treatment.

J Minim Access Surg 2022 Jul-Sep;18(3):443-449

Department of Biostatistics, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Context: Minimally invasive sphincter preserving procedures like ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) and video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT) are being increasingly used in the treatment of fistula-in-ano. The addition of adjuncts like fibrin glue has improved the results for VAAFT. Our unit has used platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as an innovative adjunct for VAAFT. Read More

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Blind nasal intubation in a 'breathing' manikin- An idea.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2022 Jan-Mar;38(1):143-147. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Senior Instructor, Airway Management Foundation, India.

Blind nasal intubation (BNI) has been around for over a century now. Many clinicians advocate it as an "old-is-gold" skill, which can be performed without any adjuncts in cases where visualization of larynx is a problem. Even today, BNI not only comes handy in resource-limited centers, it may also come to the rescue of airway managers in well-equipped centers. Read More

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September 2021

Postoperative Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Effectiveness of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and NSAIDs as Adjuncts to Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy for the Management of Periodontitis.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2022 Jun;20(1):227-232

Purpose: The authors hypothesize that ginger (Zingiber officinale) tablets and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in reducing postoperative self-rated pain and periodontal parameters (plaque index [PI], gingival index [GI], and probing depth [PD], clinical attachment loss [AL] and marginal bone loss) following non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) in patients with periodontitis. The aim was to compare the postoperative analgesic and anti-inflammatory effectiveness of ginger tablets and NSAIDs as adjuncts to nonsurgical periodontal therapy for the management of periodontitis. Materials and Methods: Patients with periodontitis were included. Read More

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A Reliable Surgical Approach to Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Clin Orthop Surg 2022 Jun 3;14(2):213-219. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Gold Coast Centre for Bone and Joint Surgery, Gold Coast, Australia.

Backgroud: The surgical exposure obtained in revision total knee arthroplasty should facilitate the utilisation of instrumentation and implants, including adjuncts such as stemmed prostheses, bone allograft, and artificial augments. We have previously identified within this cohort of revision total knee arthroplasty patients a high satisfaction rate of 93.5% at a mean 6. Read More

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Improving Rosacea Outcomes in Skin of Color Patients: A Review on the Nuances in the Treatment and the Use of Cleansers and Moisturizers.

J Drugs Dermatol 2022 Jun;21(6):574-580

Background: While rosacea is a common inflammatory condition that affects diverse populations, published data in skin of color (SOC) are limited. This review explored nuances in clinical presentation and treatment considerations in SOC patients with rosacea and the role of cleansers and moisturizers in the management of rosacea in these populations.

Methods: A panel reviewed and discussed aspects of rosacea in SOC and possible implications for treatment and maintenance. Read More

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The current evidence for substance use disorder apps.

Curr Opin Psychiatry 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Monash Research Addiction Centre, Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University.

Purpose Of Review: New mHealth (smartphone) apps for substance use disorders (SUD) are emerging at an accelerated rate, with consumer choice typically guided by app-store user ratings rather than their effectiveness. The expansive reach, low-cost and accessibility of mHealth apps have driven their popularity and appeal as alternatives to traditional treatment; as such, rigorously establishing their effectiveness is of paramount importance.

Recent Findings: Several systematic reviews conclude that the evidence-base for mHealth SUD apps is weak, inconclusive and hampered by substantial heterogeneity in study designs. Read More

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Latest advances in postpartum hemorrhage management.

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2022 May 24;36(1):123-134. Epub 2022 Feb 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. Electronic address:

Hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. A maternal health priority is improving how healthcare providers prevent and manage postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Because anesthesiologists can help facilitate how hospitals develop approaches for PPH prevention and anticipatory planning, we review the potential utility of PPH risk-assessment tools, bundles, and protocols. Read More

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Gestures-enhanced anatomy teaching: A literature review of an educational strategy with promising outcomes.

Morphologie 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of physical education and sports sciences of Serres, Aristotle university of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Purpose: The educational use of gestures has resulted in positive outcomes in several fields. We performed a literature review to investigate the outcomes of the use of gestures to enhance the existing anatomy education methods.

Methods: PubMed, SCOPUS, ERIC and Cochrane databases were searched for papers with purpose to investigate the outcomes of the use of gestures (either seeing or performing them or both) as adjuncts to existing anatomy education methods. Read More

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Role of Curcumin in the Management of Schizophrenia: A Narrative Review.

Indian J Psychol Med 2022 Mar 13;44(2):107-113. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Dept. of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health And Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Nutraceutical agents and food supplements are commonly used as treatment adjuncts in neuropsychiatric disorders. Curcumin, a bioactive agent obtained from the rhizome of , with its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, has gained much research attention in the last few decades. In this narrative review, we intend to summarize the evidence available for curcumin as an add-on agent in the management of schizophrenia. Read More

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Comparison of the efficacies of peloid therapy and paraffin treatment given as an adjuncts to exercise therapy in patients with hallux rigidus: a randomized, uncontrolled, prospective study.

Int J Biometeorol 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Konya Beyhekim Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey.

Although it is thought that peloid and paraffin treatments may have positive effect on pain, functional status, and quality of life in patients with hallux rigidus (HR), there are no comprehensive and comparative studies with a high level of evidence. We aimed to compare peloid and paraffin treatments in symptomatic hallux rigidus patients. A total of 113 patients diagnosed with HR between May 2019 and June 2021 were included in the study. Read More

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A Qualitative Study Exploring Feasibility and Acceptability of Acupuncture, Yoga, and Mindfulness Meditation for Managing Weight After Breast Cancer.

Integr Cancer Ther 2022 Jan-Dec;21:15347354221099540

Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: Weight gain is common after breast cancer. Yoga, mindfulness meditation, and acupuncture may assist with managing weight. However, evidence on effectiveness is limited. Read More

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Non-ionizing Imaging for the Emergency Department Assessment of Pediatric Minor Head Trauma.

Front Pediatr 2022 11;10:881461. Epub 2022 May 11.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Padova, Padua, Italy.

Minor blunt head trauma (MHT) represents a common reason for presentation to the pediatric emergency department (ED). Despite the low incidence of clinically important traumatic brain injuries (ciTBIs) following MHT, many children undergo computed tomography (CT), exposing them to the risk associated with ionizing radiation. The clinical predictions rules developed by the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) for MHT are validated accurate tools to support decision-making about neuroimaging for these children to safely reduce CT scans. Read More

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Local anesthetics in dermatologic surgery: a review of adjuncts and pain reduction techniques.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, UK.

A variety of local anesthetic adjuncts exist for dermatological surgery. Similarly, many options to reduce the pain of local anesthesia exist. This review aims to summarise the evidence relating to local anesthetic adjuncts and methods to reduce the pain of local anesthesia. Read More

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Implementing a Discharge Opioid Bundle in Adult Trauma Patients Decreases the Amount of Opioids Prescribed at Discharge.

Am Surg 2022 May 27:31348221101483. Epub 2022 May 27.

USA Health, Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Acute Care Surgery & Burns, Mobile, AL, USA.

Background: Opioids remain the mainstay treatment of acute pain caused by trauma. The lack of evidence driven prescribing creates a challenging situation for providers. We hypothesized that the implementation of a trauma discharge opioid bundle (TDOB) would decrease the total morphine milligram equivalents (MME) prescribed at discharge while maintaining pain control. Read More

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Procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department.

Emerg Med Pract 2022 Jun 1;24(6):1-24. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas-Southwestern, Dallas, TX.

Procedural sedation is a common procedure performed in the emergency department and is a fundamental skill for emergency clinicians. With a wide variety of procedures and patient populations, procedural sedation can be systematically tailored to individual patients' needs, in order to optimize safety and efficacy. This evidence-based review distinguishes the various levels of sedation, provides insight on which patients are appropriate for procedural sedation, lists adjuncts that should be used, and reviews considerations for special populations. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of three techniques for paramedian subarachnoid block: Point-of-care preprocedural ultrasound assisted, real-time ultrasound guided and landmark based.

Indian J Anaesth 2022 Mar 25;66(Suppl 2):S102-S107. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Anaesthesia, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Medical Government College, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Background And Aims: Preprocedural ultrasound (US) assisted and real-time US-guided subarachnoid block (SAB) are useful adjuncts for successful SAB. This study compared the feasibility and efficacy of real-time US-guided SAB with preprocedural US-assisted and landmark-based SAB using paramedian approach.

Methods: The study enroled 150 American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II patients, aged 20-65 years, scheduled for lower limb orthopaedic surgery under SAB. Read More

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The Antioxidant Properties of Mushroom Polysaccharides can Potentially Mitigate Oxidative Stress, Beta-Cell Dysfunction and Insulin Resistance.

Front Pharmacol 2022 5;13:874474. Epub 2022 May 5.

Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology and the Yunnan Key Laboratory for Wild Plant Resources, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.

Diabetes mellitus is a prevalent metabolic and endocrine illness affecting people all over the world and is of serious health and financial concern. Antidiabetic medicine delivered through pharmacotherapy, including synthetic antidiabetic drugs, are known to have several negative effects. Fortunately, several natural polysaccharides have antidiabetic properties, and the use of these polysaccharides as adjuncts to conventional therapy is becoming more common, particularly in underdeveloped nations. Read More

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Simultaneous retrograde venous and anterograde arterial bullet embolism: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 22;16(1):198. Epub 2022 May 22.

Thoracic and Vascular Surgery Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Bullet embolus is a rare condition following gunshot injuries and represents a clinical challenge regarding both diagnosis and management.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 35-year-old Iranian (Middle-Eastern) male patient with a shotgun injury to both buttocks, which traveled to the heart and the popliteal area through the femoral vein and superficial femoral artery, respectively. Surgical intervention was applied for the popliteal pellet, and the patient was discharged without further complications. Read More

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Characterizing Brain Perfusion in a Swine Model of Raised Intracranial Pressure.

J Surg Res 2022 May 17;278:64-69. Epub 2022 May 17.

R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Perfusion of the brain is critical, but this can be compromised due to focal space occupying lesions (SOL). SOLs can raise intracranial pressure (ICP), resulting in reduced cerebral blood flow (CBF). Most gyrencephalic models of brain injury focus on parenchymal injury, with few models of acutely elevated ICP. Read More

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Current State of Pleural-Directed Adjuncts Against Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma.

Front Oncol 2022 2;12:886430. Epub 2022 May 2.

Thoracic Surgery Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States.

Multimodality therapy including surgical resection is the current paradigm in treating malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), a thoracic surface cancer without cure. The main limitation of all surgical approaches is the lack of long-term durability because macroscopic complete resection (R1 resection) commonly predisposes to locoregional relapse. Over the years, there have been many studies that describe various intrapleural strategies that aim to extend the effect of surgical resection. Read More

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Contemporary Staging for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: Accuracy and Limitations.

Eur Urol Oncol 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Context: Bladder cancer prognosis and treatment are heavily dependent on accurate staging. Traditional imaging and pathologic evaluation of transurethral resection (TUR) specimens have been associated with high rates of clinical understaging at the time of radical cystectomy (RC).

Objective: We describe current components and limitations of bladder cancer staging for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), and discuss the rationale for inclusion of novel biomarkers and imaging modalities to improve diagnostic accuracy. Read More

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"Postoperative Analgesia in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocols: Trends and Updates".

Am Surg 2022 May 17:31348221103654. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Surgery, 12350University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Multimodal analgesia is an effective strategy to decrease opioid use after surgery and has been a mainstay of the surgical contribution to combat the opioid epidemic. Postoperative multimodal analgesia in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) continues to evolve as different adjuncts are added and removed based on the most up to date literature. This review examines recent trends in ERAS analgesia and what current evidence and research supports as well as those adjuncts that may not be as beneficial as once thought. Read More

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Management of Haemarthrosis in Patients On Oral Anticoagulants.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2022 11;13:21514593221076966. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Kingston Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Kingston, UK.

Aims: Our aim was to investigate the management of patients who were admitted to hospital with an acute haemarthrosis whilst taking oral anticoagulants, and highlight the outcomes of different management strategies.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all orthopaedic admissions over a 42-month period (January 2015-July 2018) to the Orthopaedic Department of a London District General Hospital. All patients admitted with a spontaneous joint haemarthrosis and concomitant use of oral anticoagulants was identified. Read More

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