574 results match your criteria Adicciones[Journal]

Considerations about population-level alcohol-attributable mortality estimates.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1621. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Centro de Estudios Demográficos London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

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COVID-19: a need for stricter control over unrecorded alcohol in Russia.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1634. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Sechenov University.

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Clinical practice guideline on pharmacological and psychological management of adult patients with depression and a comorbid substance use disorder.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1559. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

IMIM-Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques.

Co-occurrence of depression and a substance use disorder (SUD) in patients who present dual diagnoses has been long recognized as an important consideration in clinical practice. This review synthesizes the evidence of pharmacological and psychosocial interventions for comorbid depressive disorders and SUDs while providing clinical recommendations about the best interventions to address these patients. The best evidence from randomized controlled trials was used to evaluate treatment options. Read More

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Factors associated with frequent marijuana consumption in young people before admission to juvenile detention centers in Peru.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1506. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas.

Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in the world, especially among young people. This study is relevant to policy makers because it expands the knowledge regarding drug use in vulnerable youth, allowing health authorities to reduce marijuana consumption via educational, family, and governmental strategies and policies. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of frequent marijuana consumption and its associated factors in young people before admission to juvenile detention centers in Peru. Read More

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An approach to the evaluation of the potency of cannabis resin in Madrid: a health hazard?

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1630. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

The present study investigates the concentration of Delta (9)-tetrahidrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN) in 60 samples of cannabis resin acquired on the streets of Madrid region and its potential danger to consumers' health. Additionally, we study the possible correlation between the potency of samples and their organoleptic characteristics. The analysis of cannabinoids was carried out using a high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC-UV). Read More

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Gambling characteristics in Galicia: a Public Health problem.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1613. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Universidad da Santiago de Compostela.

Due to the increase in gambling, gambling disorders have become a major social problem of importance for public health, affecting both adults and adolescents. The main objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of the Galician population who spent money on gambling in the last year and the prevalence of people with, or at risk of, gambling disorder. Data was obtained from a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2017 by the Galician Information System on Risk Behaviors (SICRI). Read More

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Psychological recovery stages of alcohol dependent patients after an intensive outpatient treatment: A 4-year follow-up study.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1575. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Hospital 12 de Octubre. Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

The aim of this work is to determine if relapses can hinder the sequence of psychological recovery and to rebuild this sequence in patients with severe alcohol dependence that seek treatment. The sample was comprised of 159 patients seeking an intensive outpatient treatment of two years duration and who were subject to follow-up during four years after discharge. Patients were grouped according to the presence of relapse during follow-up, resulting in abstainers (n = 80) and relapsers (n = 79). Read More

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Substance use, mental health and dual disorders on pregnancy: results of prevalence and treatment rates in a developed country.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 12;0(0):1568. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Fundación Jiménez Díaz.

Smoking and substance use during pregnancy are major preventable causes of mortality and morbidity, having a bidirectional and deleterious relationship with the mental health of the mother and child. As part of the WOMAP (Woman Mental Health and Addictions on Pregnancy) initiative, our study aimed to describe the prevalence of co-occurring mental illness and substance use problems, diagnoses and severity of those considered at risk and rates of treatment.A screening of 2,014 pregnant women was done using the AC-OK scale and they were asked about their smoking habits and services use for mental health/substance abuse. Read More

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Impact of neuropsychological disorders on clinical aspects of smoking.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1590. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Universidad de Granada.

Studies examining associations between cognitive measures and clinical aspects of smoking are scarce and generally limited to predicting risk profiles or relapses. However, it is essential to understand the influence of several measures of executive function in nicotine addiction in order to investigate factors associated with smoking maintenance. This study examined the ability of working memory and delay discount to predict years of smoking. Read More

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Gender-based differences in perceptions about sexual violence, equality and drug‑facilitated sexual assaults in nightlife contexts.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1561. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Universidad de Alcalá.

Sexual violence, including drug-facilitated sexual assaults, is a serious issue that is becoming increasingly common in leisure nightlife contexts. This study provides information about the attitudes and perceptions of Spanish youths towards sexual violence within that setting. The participants were recruited by a snowball sampling scheme. Read More

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Financed research from Government Delegation grants for the National Plan on Drugs: research assessment and scientific impact.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1550. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

CSIC-Universitat de València. CSIC-Universitat Politècnica de València.

Addictive disorders are a serious health problem to which large amounts of research resources are devoted. This study aims to analyze the evolution and scientific impact of the publications derived from the funding of research projects by the Spanish National Plan on Drugs (PNSD). The list of grants awarded was provided by the PNSD. Read More

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Clinical Practice Guideline on Pharmacological and Psychological management of adult patients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders and a comorbid substance use.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1504. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

CIBERSAM. Universitat de Barcelona.

Although correct diagnosis and management of patients with schizophrenia and a comorbid substance use disorder (SUD) would determine a decrease in morbidity and mortality in these patients, development of efficient therapeutic strategies is still pending. We present recommendations on the pharmacological and psychological management of these patients following the 'PICO' structure (Patient-Intervention-Comparison-Outcomes). Evaluation of the quality of studies and summary of the evidence for each question was performed following the recommendations of the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) working group. Read More

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Psychopathy, addictions and female gender: comparative study using the Psychopathy Checklist Revised and the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1500. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

CIBERSAM. Servicios Médicos del Centro Penitenciario de Pereiro de Aguiar.

Traditionally, psychopathy research has focused on assessing men with the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R). Research on women with other assessment tools is scarce. The objective of this study is to evaluate psychopathy, using various tools, in a sample with both women and men. Read More

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The relationship between the socio-economic gradient and cigarette consumption in Spain.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1403. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Universidad Internacional de la Rioja.

The objective of the study was to analyze the relationship between individual socioeconomic characteristics and cigarette consumption in Spain. The sample consisted of 19,931 individuals aged 15 or older who completed the European Health Interview Survey for Spain (EHSS-2014). Variables: prevalence and intensity of cigarette consumption. Read More

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Plasma midkine levels in patients with cocaine use disorder during abstinence.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1498. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Universidad San Pablo-CEU.

Preclinical evidence suggests that endogenous midkine could play a key modulatory role on the neurotoxic and addictive effects of different kinds of drugs of abuse, including psychostimulants. However, this hypothesis has not yet been explored in humans. As a first approach to progress in this knowledge, we have comparatively studied plasma midkine levels in 75 patients with cocaine use disorder under abstinence and 26 control subjects matched for sex, age and body mass index. Read More

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Smoking cessation interventions in substance use disorders treatment centers of Catalonia: The abandoned addiction.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1492. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron. Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR). Autónoma de Barcelona. Clínica Galatea.

Substance use disorders (SUD) treatment centers are an optimal setting for delivering smoking cessation interventions (SCI). This study aimed to examine the adoption of SCI in SUD treatment centers in Catalonia (Spain) as well as to assess their managers' views on the appropriateness and feasibility of providing SCI. Managers directly in charge of SUD treatment centers (n = 57) answered a 30-item on-line questionnaire. Read More

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Cannabis use and cyclic vomiting.

Adicciones 2021 Jan 15;33(1):75-76. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

IRYCIS. Universidad de Alcalá.

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January 2021

Smoking cessation in severe mental illness: challenges and opportunities in the COVID-19 times.

Adicciones 2021 03 31;33(2):175-176. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

IMIBIC. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía. Universidad de Córdoba. Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental.

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The world should not revolve around Cronbach's alpha ≥ .70.

Adicciones 2020 Dec 5;0(0):1576. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

Universidad Privada del Norte, Lima.

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December 2020

Concomitant use of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) and central nervous system drugs in patients with hepatitis C virus infection.

Adicciones 2020 Dec 5;0(0):1551. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

Dirección Científica. Health economics and outcomes research. Atrys Health, Barcelona.

Our objective was to determine potential drug interactions (DI) between pangenotypic direct-acting antivirals (pDAA) and concomitant central nervous system (CNS) medication in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV). Transversal design. Patients aged ≥ 18 years on treatment with pDAA during 2017 were included. Read More

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December 2020

The Multi-Component Smoking Cessation Support Programme (McSCSP) is effective in patients with severe mental disorder without gender differences.

Adicciones 2020 Dec 4;0(0):1481. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), Córdoba. Departamento de Ciencias Sociosanitarias, Radiología y Medicina Física, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, España.

High prevalence of smoking in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) contributes to their medical morbidity and reduced life expectancy. Despite the evidence of gender differences in smoking cessation, few studies have tested those differences among people with SMD. This is a non-randomized, open-label, prospective, 9-month follow-up multicentre trial to examine gender differences in the efficacy, safety and tolerability of a Multi-Component Smoking Cessation Support Programme (McSCSP). Read More

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December 2020

Own and others' perceived drinking among freshmen as predictors of alcohol consumption over 10 years.

Adicciones 2020 Dec 5;0(0):1510. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP). Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela.

The alcohol use perceptions young people have of those close to them can affect their expectations regarding alcohol and, thus, their own drinking. We aim to identify the predictive ability of own and significant others' perceived drinking at age 18-19 in the alcohol use patterns at 27-28. A cohort study was carried out among university students in Spain (n=1,382). Read More

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December 2020

Internet, video game and mobile phone addiction in children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD: a case-control study.

Adicciones 2020 Dec 4;0(0):1469. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), Madrid.

The use of new technologies has become widespread worldwide. There is increasing concern about "Internet addiction disorder" (IAD), "Internet gaming disorder" (IGD), and "Mobile phone addiction" (MPA). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been associated with IAD and IGD. Read More

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December 2020

The UPPS model of impulsivity in the abuse of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).

Adicciones 2020 Dec 2;0(0):1449. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Unidad de Formación e Investigación. Departamento de Evaluación y Calidad. Madrid Salud. Ayuntamiento de Madrid.

The UPPS model of impulsivity has recently been proposed, has been widely applied to substance abuse and is one of those recommended in the context of Research Domain Criteria, RDoC. However, its application to the abuse of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has been very limited. In the present work, a sample of n=748 (67% females) was recruited through the Internet, and the reduced version of the UPPS-P was administered, in addition to the MULTICAGE-TIC and the Prefrontal Symptoms Inventory (PSI-20). Read More

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December 2020

Substance use during pregnancy and personality dimensions.

Adicciones 2020 Dec 2;0(0):1433. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Servicio de Psiquiatría y Psicología, Unidad de Psiquiatría Perinatal, Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Centro de Investigación en Red en Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), y Departmento de Medicina, Instituto de Neurociencias, Universidad de Barcelona (UB), Barcelona.

Our aim was to assess personality traits associated with substance use during pregnancy in a population-based, multicentre study of 1804 pregnant women. On day 2-3 postpartum, participants completed a semi-structured interview, including self-reported drug use (alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, cannabis, cocaine, opioids) during pregnancy, and socio-demographic, reproductive and obstetric variables, personal and family psychiatric history, social support, and the Eysenck personality questionnaire, short version (EPQ-RS). Logistic regression models were conducted. Read More

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December 2020

Trends in psychiatric hospitalization for alcohol and drugs in Castilla y León between 2005 and 2015.

Adicciones 2020 Nov 30;0(0):1405. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Complejo Asistencial de Zamora. Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca.

It has been estimated that alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs were responsible for more than 10 million deaths worldwide in 2016, and there are many opportunities for improvement. Regarding innovative data analysis, advances have been made in the extraction of information from administrative databases for analytics purposes. We studied trends in hospitalization rates for alcohol and drug abuse over eleven years with Joinpoint Trend Analysis software. Read More

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November 2020

Substance use in Sexual Context among Spanish Resident Men who have Sex with Men.

Adicciones 2020 Nov 30;0(0):1371. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid.

We analysed patterns of sexualized drug use (SDU) and pinpointed the one with the highest risk for the acquisition/transmission of HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) in a sample of men who have sex with men (MSM) residing in Spain. Additionally, we also identified the most affected subpopulations by highest risk SDU pattern. In 2016, we promoted an online survey in gay dating apps. Read More

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November 2020

Study to determine relevant health outcome measures in opioid use disorder: Multicriteria decision analysis.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 31;33(2):109-120. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Generalitat de Catalunya.

The aim of the current study was to establish the most relevant health outcomes to assess opioid substitution treatment programmes (OSP) in patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) in Spain. A multicriteria decision analysis was applied in 3 phases: 1) concepts and criteria definitions; 2) criteria screening and weighting by means of a discrete choice experiment; 3) deliberative process. Criteria established in phase 1 were: substance use (opioids, alcohol, tobacco, stimulants and cannabis), other mental disorders (affective/anxiety disorder, psychosis, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, gambling disorder and other impulse control disorders), level of disability, adherence, medical illnesses (medical comorbidities, risk behaviours, infectious and sexually transmitted diseases), psychosocial aspects (hostile and/or violent behaviour and work problems), functional disability (quality of life, treatment and service satisfaction, social functionality). Read More

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