58,718 results match your criteria Adhesive Capsulitis


Elaboration of a thermosensitive smart biomaterial: From synthesis to the ex vivo bioadhesion evaluation.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Nov 30;175:91-97. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse 3 - Paul Sabatier, CNRS, Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

Alginate and chitosan are polysaccharides that are widely used in the biomedical field, especially as wound dressings. Controlled bioadhesion is an advanced functionality that offers the potential to reduce injuries due to the stripping-off of the biomaterial. Herein, we report the efficient grafting of poly-N(isopropylacryamide) (PNIPAM), a thermosensitive polymer that exhibits a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) at 32 °C on the alginate/chitosan polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) surface. Read More

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November 2018

Mechanically magnified chitosan-based hydrogel as tissue adhesive and antimicrobial candidate.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, UP, India.

The present article reports the development of chitosan (CS) based hydrogel series by varying the concentration of cross-linking agent i.e. N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) (0. Read More

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December 2018

Feasibility of the annulus fibrosus repair with in situ gelating hydrogels - A biomechanical study.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208460. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

The surgical standard of care for lumbar discectomy leaves the annulus fibrosus (AF) defect unrepaired, despite considerable risk for a recurrent herniation. Identification of a viable defect repair strategy has until now been elusive. The scope of this ex vivo biomechanical study was to evaluate crosslinking hydrogels as potentially promising AF defect sealants, and provide a baseline for their use in combination with collagen scaffolds that restore disc volume. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Structural and Mass Spectrometric Imaging Analyses of Adhered Tunic and Adhesive Projections of Solitary Ascidians.

Zoolog Sci 2018 Dec;35(6):535-547

2 Natural Science Center for Basic Research and Development, Hiroshima University, 1-4-2 Kagamiyama, Higashi-hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8521, Japan.

Most ascidian species settle on underwater substrates during a short free-swimming tadpole larval period. During this process, "rapid adhesion" occurs on adhesive papillae located at the anterior region of the cephalenteron. Settled and transformed ascidians subsequently expand the attachment area by "slow adhesion" with ampullae. Read More

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December 2018

Perceptions and experiences of patients following treatment with single-implant mandibular overdentures: a qualitative study.

Clin Oral Implants Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Dentistry, Federal University of Goias, Goiania, Goias, Brazil.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the perceptions and long-term experiences of edentulous patients rehabilitated with single-implant mandibular overdentures (SIMO).

Methods: Thirteen participants, mean age 65.7 years, 69. Read More

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December 2018

Nervous system characterization during the development of a basal echinoderm, the feather star Antedon mediterranea.

J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Environmental Science and Policy, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy.

Neural development of echinoderms has always been difficult to interpret, as larval neurons degenerate at metamorphosis and a tripartite nervous system differentiates in the adult. Despite their key phylogenetic position as basal echinoderms, crinoids have been scarcely studied in developmental research. However, since they are the only extant echinoderms retaining the ancestral body plan of the group, crinoids are extremely valuable models to clarify neural evolution in deuterostomes. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Enriched Cd141+ DCs in the joint are transcriptionally distinct, activated, and contribute to joint pathogenesis.

JCI Insight 2018 Dec 6;3(23). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Molecular Rheumatology, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

CD141+ DC are implicated in antiviral and antitumor immunity. However, mechanistic studies in autoimmune disease are limited. This is the first study to our knowledge examining CD141+ DC in autoimmune disease, specifically inflammatory arthritis (IA). Read More

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December 2018

Marine Biomaterial-Based Bioinks for Generating 3D Printed Tissue Constructs.

Mar Drugs 2018 Dec 4;16(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biotechnology, KU Convergence Science and Technology Institute, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Biologically active materials from marine sources have been receiving increasing attention as they are free from the transmissible diseases and religious restrictions associated with the use of mammalian resources. Among various other biomaterials from marine sources, alginate and fish gelatin (f-gelatin), with their inherent bioactivity and physicochemical tunability, have been studied extensively and applied in various biomedical fields such as regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and pharmaceutical products. In this study, by using alginate and f-gelatin's chemical derivatives, we developed a marine-based interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) hydrogel consisting of alginate and f-gelatin methacryloyl (f-GelMA) networks via physical and chemical crosslinking methods, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

Self-Sorting of Amphiphilic Copolymers for Self-Assembly Materials in Water: Polymer Can Recognize Itself.

J Am Chem Soc 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Amphiphilic random copolymers bearing hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and hydrophobic alkyl pendants showed dynamic self-sorting behavior, i.e., self-recognition, under competitive conditions in aqueous media. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of a novel, patient-mounted system for CT-guided needle navigation-an ex vivo study.

Neuroradiology 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Medical Templates AG, Egg, Switzerland.

Purpose: To describe the features of a novel patient-mounted system for CT-guided needle navigation, the Puncture Cube System (PCS), and to evaluate the accuracy and efficiency of the PCS by (a) applying numerical simulations and (b) by conducting punctures using the system in comparison to punctures using the free-hand method (FHM).

Methods: The PCS consists of a self-adhesive cube that is attached to the patient, with multiple through-holes in the upper and lower template plate and dedicated software that, using a computer vision algorithm, recognizes the cube in a planning scan. The target in the image dataset is connected by a line, here "virtual needle," which passes through the cube. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Clinical performance of precoated brackets and self-etch bonding technique: a prospective comparative study.

Clin Oral Investig 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, 06100, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim was to compare the clinical performance of uncoated and adhesive precoated brackets bonded with either self-etching primer (SEP) or conventional two-step etch and primer method (CEM).

Subjects And Methods: The sample consisted of 63 patients with a mean age of 15.20 ± 1. Read More

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November 2018

Plasma processing of PDMS based spinal implants for covalent protein immobilization, cell attachment and spreading.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2018 Nov 30;29(12):178. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

PDMS is widely used for prosthetic device manufacture. Conventional ion implantation is not a suitable treatment to enhance the biocompatibility of poly dimethyl siloxane (PDMS) due to its propensity to generate a brittle silicon oxide surface layer which cracks and delaminates. To overcome this limitation, we have developed new plasma based processes to balance the etching of carbon with implantation of carbon from the plasma source. Read More

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November 2018

Investigation of importance of the structural parameters of the eyeball and of the technical parameters of cataract surgery on corneal endothelial changes.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Sep;62(3):203-211

Anatomy Department, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

was to look into the importance of the structural parameters of the eyeball, in relationship with the technical parameters of cataract surgery regarding the corneal endothelial changes made by it. The paper refers at a prospective study in which we included eighty-eight consecutive eyes from eighty-six different patients having age-related cataract and a visual acuity of a values less than 0.8 considering best possible correction with it. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of the Effect of Glow Discharge Plasma Surface Treatment on Bonding Cements to Zirconia.

Open Dent J 2018 25;12:846-855. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The major difference in the chemical composition of Y-TZP ceramics, as compared with conventional porcelain, led researchers to develop alternative solutions for achieving durable and long term bonding with the zirconia surface.

Objective: The study aims to evaluate the effects of glow discharge treatment on the bonding between cement and zirconia.

Methods: The zirconia rings and rods were prepared with the Zirconia Y-TZP powder and TZ-3YSB-E (Tosoh-Zirconia) through auto-mix to investigate the glow discharge and thermo-cycling. Read More

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October 2018

Notoginsenoside R1 Protects HUVEC Against Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein (Ox-LDL)-Induced Atherogenic Response via Down-Regulating miR-132.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Nov 30;51(4):1739-1750. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Background/aims: Radix notoginseng is a well-known traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has extensively pharmacological activities in cardiovascular system. Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) is one main active ingredient of Radix notoginseng. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional effects of NGR1 on atherosclerosis (AS). Read More

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November 2018

Effect of dentin contamination with two hemostatic agents on bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomer cement with different conditioning.

Dent Mater J 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Cariology and Operative Dentistry, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate school of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University.

This study evaluated the effect of two hemostatic agents on bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) to root dentin after using different pretreatment solutions compared to resin composite with a 2-step self-etch adhesive. Dentin specimens were either uncontaminated or contaminated with a ferric sulphate or aluminum chloride astringent, RMGIC was applied after conditioning with; Cavity Conditioner, Self Conditioner or Clearfil SE Primer, while a resin composite was bonded using Clearfil SE Bond. Microtensile bond strength (μTBS) values and failure modes were determined. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of the micro-tensile bond strengths of four different universal adhesives to caries-affected dentin after ER:YAG laser irradiation.

Dent Mater J 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul Aydın University.

The micro-tensile bond strengths (micro-TBSs) of four universal adhesive systems, applied in two different bonding techniques, to carries-affected dentin after Er:YAG laser irradiation were investigated. Twenty-four extracted human molars were divided into four groups, according to the adhesive systems used. Each group was subdivided into two subgroups, depending on the bonding method used: the etch-and-rinse procedure or self-etch procedure. Read More

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December 2018

New insights into the pathophysiology and development of novel therapies for sickle cell disease.

Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program 2018 Nov;2018(1):493-506

Children's Hospital, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY; and.

Although the seminal event in sickle cell disease is the polymerization of abnormal hemoglobin, the downstream pathophysiology of vasoocclusion results from heterotypic interactions between the altered, adhesive sickle cell red blood cells, neutrophils, endothelium, and platelets. Ischemia reperfusion injury, hemolysis, and oxidant damage all contribute to heightened inflammation and activation of the hemostatic system. These various pathways are the focus of emerging treatments with potential to ameliorate disease manifestations. Read More

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November 2018

Spontaneous migration of cellular aggregates from giant keratocytes to running spheroids.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Laboratoire Physico Chimie Curie, Institut Curie, PSL Research University, CNRS UMR168, 75005, Paris, France;

Despite extensive knowledge on the mechanisms that drive single-cell migration, those governing the migration of cell clusters, as occurring during embryonic development and cancer metastasis, remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate the collective migration of cell on adhesive gels with variable rigidity, using 3D cellular aggregates as a model system. After initial adhesion to the substrate, aggregates spread by expanding outward a cell monolayer, whose dynamics is optimal in a narrow range of rigidities. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The critical shoulder angle: can it be sufficient to reflect the shoulder joint without the humeral head?

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Shoulder & Elbow Clinic, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that a new method considering the humeral head would distinguish rotator cuff tears (RCTs) and osteoarthritis (OA) better than the critical shoulder angle (CSA).

Methods: A total of 1011 patients were tested in this study and divided into 4 groups: those with RCTs (n = 493), those with OA (n = 73), those with anterior instability (n = 361), and those with adhesive capsulitis (n = 84). The CSA and new radiologic parameters including the humeral head were measured in the true anterior-to-posterior view: the Y angle connecting the lower end of the glenoid (LG), the center of the humeral head (CH), and the upper end of the glenoid (UG); the G angle connecting UG, CH, and the lateral tip of the acromion; the YG angle connecting LG, CH, and the lateral tip of the acromion; and the R angle connecting UG, LG, and CH. Read More

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November 2018

Physical properties and cytotoxicity of antimicrobial dental resin adhesives containing dimethacrylate oligomers of Ciprofloxacin and Metronidazole.

Dent Mater 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Antimicrobial oligomers synthesized from ciprofloxacin (CF) and metronidazole (MN) were investigated for their potential use in dental adhesives.

Methods: Susceptibility of the cariogenic bacterium Streptococcus mutans UA159 to CF, MN, and CF/MN combination was evaluated. Hydrolytic stability and drug release from the oligomers was studied in buffer and simulated human salivary esterase conditions. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Can the Laparoscopic Approach for Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction be Used in Octogenarians? An Observational Study Using ACS NSQIP.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 7;233:345-350. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Surgery, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, New York.

Background: With the population of octogenarians projected to increase fourfold by 2050, we sought to compare outcomes of laparoscopic versus open approach in octogenarians requiring surgery for adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO).

Methods/materials And Methods: Using 2006-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project, we identified patients aged ≥80 y who underwent emergency surgery within 1 d of admission for SBO. Risk variables of interest included age, sex, race, body mass index, preoperative sepsis, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification. Read More

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January 2019

Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive or silk suture for closure of surgical wound following removal of an impacted mandibular third molar: A randomized controlled study.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Aim: The aim of the study was to compare postoperative sequelae and wound healing outcome following closure of surgical wound with either cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive or silk suture.

Methods: Subjects with mesio-angularly impacted mandibular third molar were allocated randomly into 2 equal groups. The control group had wound closure with silk suture and study group with cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive. Read More

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November 2018

[Effect of Quercetin on the Cell Cycle and Adhesion Molecules of NOD/SCID Mice with Acute B Lymphocytic Leukemia].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;26(6):1616-1620

School of Basic Medicine, Hubei Medical and Pharmaceutical College, Shiyan 442000, Hubei Province, China.E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the effect of Quercetin on cell cycle and adhesive molecules of NOD.SCID mice with acule B lymphocytic leuaemia(B-ALL).

Methods: 5×10 Nalm-6(B-ALL cell line) cells were injected into the tail vein of 48 NOD/SCID mice to establish the NOD/SCID mice with B-ALL. Read More

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December 2018

Graphene used as a lateral force microscopy calibration material in the low-load non-linear regime.

Rev Sci Instrum 2018 Nov;89(11):113902

Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA.

A lateral force microscopy (LFM) calibration technique utilizing a random low-profile surface is proposed that is successfully employed in the low-load non-linear frictional regime using a single layer of graphene on a supporting oxide substrate. This calibration at low loads and on low friction surfaces like graphene has the benefit of helping to limit the wear of the LFM tip during the calibration procedure. Moreover, the low-profiles of the calibration surface characteristic of these layered 2D materials, on standard polished oxide substrates, result in a nearly constant frictional, adhesive, and elastic response as the tip slides over the surface, making the determination of the calibration coefficient robust. Read More

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November 2018

A randomized clinical trial of cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives in donor site of connective tissue grafts.

J Periodontol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Dental Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Background: The purpose was to compare patient-centered outcomes, early wound healing and post-operative complications at palatal donor area of subepithelial connective tissue grafts (CTG) between cyanoacrylates tissue adhesives and Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sutures.

Methods: 36 patients who required harvesting of CTG were enrolled in this randomized clinical trial and assigned to one of two groups. In the "suture" group, wound closure was achieved with standardized continuous interlocking 6-0 PTFE sutures, while in the "cyanoacrylate" group, a high viscosity blend of n-butyl and 2-octyl cyanoacrylate was applied until hemostasis was achieved. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Effect of Post-Space Irrigation with NaOCl And CaOCl at Different Concentrations on the Bond Strength of Posts Cemented with a Self-Adhesive Resin Cement.

Braz Dent J 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):446-451

Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of post-space irrigation with NaOCl and CaOCl at different concentrations on the bond strength of posts cemented with a self-adhesive resin cement. Eighty premolars were sectioned 14 mm from the apex, and endodontically treated. The root canal filling was partially removed. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Dental Pulp Fibroblasts Response after Stimulation with HEMA and Adhesive System.

Braz Dent J 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):419-426

Department of Biological Sciences, Bauru School of Dentistry, USP - Universidade de São Paulo, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil.

This study evaluated in vitro cell viability and metabolism, nitric oxide release and production of chemokines by cultured human dental pulp fibroblasts (DPF) under contact with HEMA and Single Bond. Cultures of DPF were established by means of an explant technique. Once plated, cells were kept under contact with increasing concentrations of HEMA (10, 100 and 1000 nM) or Single Bond (SB) [10-fold serially diluted in culture medium (10-4, 10-3 and 10-2 v/v)] and also with polymerized SB components. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Dressings used to prevent surgical site infection in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery: integrative review.

Rev Esc Enferm USP 2018 Nov 29;52:e03393. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Universidade Federal do Paraná, Hospital de Clínicas, Programa de Residência Integrada Multiprofissional em Atenção Hospitalar, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

Objective: To identify and describe which dressings are recommended to prevent surgical site infection in hospitalized adult patients after cardiac surgeries.

Method: Integrative review carried out in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane and Scopus. Studies related to dressing in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery were selected. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Essentiality of Plasmodium falciparum plasmepsin V.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0207621. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Malaria Biochemistry Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London, United Kingdom.

The malaria parasite replicates within erythrocytes. The pathogenesis of clinical malaria is in large part due to the capacity of the parasite to remodel its host cell. To do this, intraerythrocytic stages of Plasmodium falciparum export more than 300 proteins that dramatically alter the morphology of the infected erythrocyte as well as its mechanical and adhesive properties. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Impact of Recently Developed Universal Adhesives on Tensile Bond Strength to Computer-Aided Design/Manufacturing Ceramics.

Oper Dent 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Objectives:: The aim of this investigation was to test the tensile bond strength (TBS) between different computer-aided-design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM) ceramics after conditioning using different universal adhesive systems and resin composite cement.

Methods And Materials:: Substrates of four CAD/CAM ceramics-1) VITABLOCS Mark II, 2) Initial LRF, 3) Celtra Duo, and 4) IPS e.max CAD (N=648, n=162)-were fabricated. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Is Optical Coherence Tomography a Potential Tool to Evaluate Marginal Adaptation of Class III/IV Composite Restorations In Vivo?

Oper Dent 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Objective:: Margin analysis of Class III and IV composite restorations in vitro and in vivo occurred by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The results were compared and related to clinical evaluation.

Methods And Materials:: Eight Class III composite restorations were imaged in vitro using OCT and SEM. Read More

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October 2018

Poly(Alkyl Glycidate Carbonate)s as Degradable Pressure Sensitive Adhesives.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Boston University, Chemistry and Biomedical Engineering, 590 Commonwealth Ave, 2215, Boston, UNITED STATES.

Polyacrylates are widely used in industry; however, their all aliphatic backbone leads to minimal degradability with challenges in recovery and recyclability. Insertion of CO2 into the backbone, forming poly(carbonate) analogues of poly(acrylate)s provides an environmentally friendly and biocompatible alternative polymer. The synthesis of five poly(carbonate) analogues of poly(methyl acrylate), poly(ethyl acrylate), and poly(butyl acrylate) is described. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Regulation of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Stiffness and Adhesion by [Ca2+]i: An Atomic Force Microscopy-Based Study.

Microsc Microanal 2018 Dec 5:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1Division of Pulmonary,Allergy and Critical Care Medicine,Department of Medicine,University of Alabama at Birmingham,Birmingham,AL 35294,USA.

The intracellular concentration of calcium ion ([Ca2+]i) is a critical regulator of cell signaling and contractility of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). In this study, we employed an atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanoindentation-based approach to investigate the role of [Ca2+]i in regulating the cortical elasticity of rat cremaster VSMCs and the ability of rat VSMCs to adhere to fibronectin (Fn) matrix. Elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin treatment increased rat VSMC stiffness and cell adhesion to Fn-biofunctionalized AFM probes, whereas attenuation of [Ca2+]i by 1,2-Bis (2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid tetrakis (acetoxymethyl ester) (BAPTA-AM) treatment decreased the mechanical and matrix adhesive properties of VSMCs. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Systematic review of the use of cyanoacrylate glue in addition to standard wound closure in the prevention of surgical site infection.

Int Wound J 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Academic Department of Vascular Surgery, Imperial College, London, UK.

Surgical site infection (SSI) is associated with increased morbidity, length of stay, and cost. Cyanoacrylate glue is a low-cost, fluid-proof, antimicrobial barrier. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the use of cyanoacrylate glue after standard wound closure versus dressings in the reduction of SSI. Read More

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December 2018

The precise molecular signals that control endothelial cell-cell adhesion within the vessel wall.

Biochem Soc Trans 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute for Molecular Bioscience, Genomics of Development and Disease Division, The University of Queensland, 306 Carmody Road, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia

Endothelial cell-cell adhesion within the wall of the vasculature controls a range of physiological processes, such as growth, integrity and barrier function. The adhesive properties of endothelial cells are tightly controlled by a complex cascade of signals transmitted from the surrounding environment or from within the cells themselves, with the dynamic nature of cellular adhesion and the regulating signalling networks now beginning to be appreciated. Here, we summarise the current knowledge of the mechanisms controlling endothelial cell-cell adhesion in the developing and mature blood vasculature. Read More

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December 2018

Morphological Processes of Foot Process Effacement in Puromycin Aminonucleoside Nephrosis Revealed by FIB/SEM Tomography.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Anatomy and Life Structure and.

Background: Foot process effacement is one of the pathologic indicators of podocyte injury. However, the morphologic changes associated with it remain unclear.

Methods: To clarify the developmental process, we analyzed puromycin nephrotic podocytes reconstructed from serial focused-ion beam/scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM) images. Read More

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December 2018

Although HEMA-Containing Dental Adhesive Systems Have High Hydrophilic Characteristics, Their Clinical Performance Is Similar to HEMA-Free Dental Adhesive Systems for Noncarious Cervical Lesions.

Authors:
Paul S Farsai

J Evid Based Dent Pract 2018 Dec 4;18(4):336-338. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Article Title And Bibliographic Information: Do HEMA-free adhesive systems have better clinical performance than HEMA-containing systems in noncarious cervical lesions? A systematic review and meta-analysis. da Silva TSP, de Castro RF, Magno MB, Maia LC, da Silva 3 Souza Júnior. J Dent 2018; 74: 1-14. Read More

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December 2018

Direct Pulp Capping: What is the Most Effective Therapy?-Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Evid Based Dent Pract 2018 Dec 15;18(4):298-314. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Dentistry Area, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Biophysics Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR), Area of Environment Genetics and Oncobiology (CIMAGO), Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; CNC.IBILI, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Introduction: Direct pulp capping therapies use biomaterials to protect exposed tissues, inducing repair through the production of a mineralized barrier. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of biomaterials and techniques by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases were used to search the literature published from January 1, 1980 until August 31, 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of obturation technique with immediate and delayed post space preparation on apical voids and bond strength of apical gutta-percha.

J Int Med Res 2018 Dec 5:300060518814604. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of immediate and delayed post space preparation on the sealing ability of two root canal obturation techniques by using micro-computed tomography imaging and a push-out test.

Methods: The root canals of 40 human maxillary premolar teeth were instrumented and divided into four groups: (A) single cone (SC) followed by immediate post space preparation, (B) continuous wave of condensation (CWC) followed by immediate post space preparation, (C) SC followed by delayed post space preparation, and (D) CWC followed by delayed post space preparation. Micro-CT scans were performed for volumetric analysis of voids and filling materials in the apical 4-mm portion. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Colloidal Lignin Particles as Adhesives for Soft Materials.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2018 Dec 3;8(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Bioproduct Chemistry, Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, School of Chemical Engineering, Aalto University, P.O. Box 16300, FI-00076 Aalto, Espoo, Finland.

Lignin has interesting functionalities to be exploited in adhesives for medicine, foods and textiles. Nanoparticles (NPs) < 100 nm coated with poly (-lysine), PL and poly(-glutamic acid) PGA were prepared from the laccase treated lignin to coat nanocellulose fibrils (CNF) with heat. NPs ca. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Workshop, Cost-Effective and Streamlined Fabrications of Re-Usable World-To-Chip Connectors for Handling Sample of Limited Volume and for Assembling Chip Array.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 1;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City 110, Taiwan.

The world-to-chip interface is an essential yet intriguing part of making and employing microfluidic devices. A user-friendly connector could be expensive or difficult to make. We fabricated two ports of microfluidic chips with easily available materials including Teflon blocks, double adhesive films, coverslips, and transparency films. Read More

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December 2018

Bond strength between composite repair and polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network material: Effect of different surface treatments.

J Esthet Restor Dent 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Post-Graduation Program in Dentistry, Dental School, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the bond strength of a polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN) material and to composite repair after different surface treatments.

Materials And Methods: Eighteen blocks of the PICN material were obtained from CAD/CAM blocks, aged and randomly divided into 2 groups: 5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) or sandblasting with aluminum oxide particles (SAND). For each condition, three treatments were tested: silane (Sil), silane-containing adhesive (Ad), or silane + silane-containing adhesive (SilAd). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation of Cytotoxicity of Five Different One-Step Self-Etching Adhesives.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2018 Dec 3:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Purpose: To qualitatively and quantitatively compare the cytotoxic potentials of five different one-step self-etching adhesives: Prime&Bond One-Select (PB-OS), Optibond All-in-One (OB-AIO), G-Bond (GB), Clearfil Universal Bond (CUB), Single Bond Universal (SBU).

Materials And Methods: During the first stage of the study, the cytotoxic activities of the test materials were evaluated qualitatively using the direct contact method. In this method, the test materials were placed directly into a monkey kidney epithelial cell culture medium. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Nanotopographic cues and stiffness control of tendon-derived stem cells from diverse conditions.

Int J Nanomedicine 2018 8;13:7217-7227. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea,

Background: Tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) are key factors associated with regeneration and healing in tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mechanical stiffness and topographic signals on the differentiation of TDSCs depending on age and pathological conditions.

Materials And Methods: We compared TDSCs extracted from normal tendon tissues with TDSCs from tendinopathic Achilles tendon tissues of Sprague Dawley rats in vitro and TDSCs cultured on nanotopographic cues and substrate stiffness to determine how to control the TDSCs. Read More

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November 2018
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Occult bowel injury after blunt abdominal trauma.

Am J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

University of Florida Health, Department of Surgery, Gainesville, FL, USA; University of Florida Health, Sepsis and Critical Illness Research Center, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Following blunt abdominal trauma, bowel injuries are often missed on admission computed tomography (CT) scan.

Methods: Multicenter retrospective analysis of 176 adults with moderate-critical blunt abdominal trauma and admission CT scan who underwent operative exploration. Patients with a bowel injury missed on CT (n = 36, 20%) were compared to all other patients (n = 140, 80%). Read More

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November 2018

Start-up evaluations and biocarriers transfer from a trickling filter to a moving bed bioreactor for synthetic mariculture wastewater treatment.

Chemosphere 2018 Nov 26;218:696-704. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Institute of Agricultural Bio-Environmental Engineering, College of Biosystem Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

Mariculture wastewater treatment by nitrification requires a long start-up time due to high salinity stress. This study aimed to verify the faster start-up of a trickling filter (TF) compared to a moving bed bioreactor (MBBR) treating synthetic mariculture wastewater, and to investigate the feasibility of transferring mature biocarriers from the TF to a new MBBR (TF-MBBR). The nitrogen removal performance, biofilm physicochemical properties and microbial communities were investigated. Read More

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November 2018
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Compositionally Graded Doped Hydroxyapatite Coating using Laser and Plasma Spray Deposition.

Acta Biomater 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

W. M. Keck Biomedical Materials Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920, USA. Electronic address:

Plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) coating is known to improve the osteoconductivity of metallic implants. However, the adhesive bond strength of the coating is affected due to a mismatch in coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) between the metal and the HA ceramic. In this study, a gradient HA coating was prepared on Ti6Al4V by laser engineered net shaping (LENS) followed by plasma spray deposition. Read More

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November 2018

Behavioral tests that reveal long-term deficits after permanent focal cerebral ischemia in mouse.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Equipe de recherche "Pharmacologie de la Circulation Cérébrale" EA 4475, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculté de Pharmacie de Paris, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Efforts are still needed regarding the research of therapeutics for ischemic stroke. While in experimental studies the protective effect of pharmacological agents is often highlighted by a reduction of the lesion size evaluated in the short term (days), in clinical studies a functional recovery of patients suffering from stroke is expected on the long-term (months and years). Long-term functional preclinical studies are highly recommended to evaluate potential neuroprotective agents for stroke, rather than an assessment of the infarction size at a short time point. Read More

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November 2018

Effects of miniaturization in primary larvae of Strepsiptera (Insecta).

Arthropod Struct Dev 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institut für Zoologie und Evolutionsforschung, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Jena, Germany.

In this review the presently available morphological data on primary larvae of Strepsiptera are interpreted with respect to effects of miniaturization, but also their possible functional or phylogenetic background. The morphology of the 1 instars is mainly affected by functional constraints linked with parasitism but also by very distinct effects of miniaturization. The latter include modifications of the cephalic cuticle, the extremely limited free space in the body lumen, the shift of origins of cephalic muscles to the thorax, a reduced number of cephalic and thoracic muscles, extensions of muscles with cell bodies and other organelles, and an extreme concentration of the entire central nervous system in the middle region of the body. Read More

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November 2018