343 results match your criteria Adenomyomatosis Imaging


Comet tail artifact on ultrasonography: is it a reliable finding of benign gallbladder diseases?

Ultrasonography 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Radiology, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the comet tail artifact on ultrasonography can be used to reliably diagnose benign gallbladder diseases.

Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the clinical findings, imaging findings, preoperative ultrasonographic diagnoses, and pathological diagnoses of 150 patients with comet tail artifacts who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with pathologic confirmation. The extent of the involved lesion was classified as localized or diffuse, depending on the degree of involvement and the anatomical section of the gallbladder that was involved. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Uterine intravascular adenomyomatosis: a bizarre hybrid lesion?

Pathology 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Douglass Hanly Moir Pathology, Macquarie Park, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

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November 2018

Adenomyomatosis of the Gallbladder With Pancreaticobiliary Maljunction in a Child.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Oct;67(4):e82

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

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October 2018

Polyp size of 1 cm is insufficient to discriminate neoplastic and non-neoplastic gallbladder polyps.

Surg Endosc 2018 Sep 10. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Pathology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: A significant proportion of gallbladder polyps are non-neoplastic, for which resection is not necessary. However, international guidelines advocate cholecystectomy for all polyps ≥ 1 cm. This study assessed a national cohort of histopathologically proven gallbladder polyps to distinguish neoplastic from non-neoplastic polyps. Read More

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September 2018

Correction to: CT diagnosis of gallbladder adenomyomatosis: importance of enhancing mucosal epithelium, the "cotton ball sign".

Eur Radiol 2018 Jul 4. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Korea.

The original version of this article, published on 09 April 2018, unfortunately contained a mistake. The following correction has therefore been made in the original: The presentation of Fig. 2 was incorrect, "Cotton ball sign" was mistakenly named "Polka-dot sign". Read More

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July 2018
6 Reads

Adenomyomatosis of the Gallbladder as a Cause of Recurrent Abdominal Pain.

J Pediatr 2018 Nov 11;202:328-328.e1. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

University of Trieste; Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" Trieste; Trieste, Italy.

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November 2018
1 Read

Diagnostic accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography for gallbladder polyps: systematic review.

Can J Surg 2018 Jun;61(3):200-207

From the Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta.

Background: Previous research has shown variable but generally poor accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of gallbladder polyps. We performed a systematic review of the literature with the aim of helping surgeons interpret and apply these findings in the preoperative assessment and counselling of their patients.

Methods: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE and the Cochrane database using the keywords "gallbladder," "polyp," "ultrasound," "pathology" and "diagnosis" for English-language articles published after 1990 with the full-text article available through our institutional subscriptions. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Pathogenesis of gallbladder adenomyomatosis and its relationship with early-stage gallbladder carcinoma: an overview.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2018 21;51(6):e7411. Epub 2018 May 21.

Department of Biliary and Minimally Invasive Surgery, China Medical University Shengjing Hospital Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

The exact pathogenesis of gallbladder adenomyomatosis is still lacking and some controversies over its diagnosis and treatment exist. Originally recognized as a precancerous lesion, adenomyomatosis is currently recognized by recent studies as a benign alteration of the gallbladder that is often associated with cholecystitis and cholecystolithiasis. Gallbladder carcinoma is an extremely malignant disease with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Comet-tail artifact in adenomyomatosis.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Dec;43(12):3516-3517

Diagnostic Imaging Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av. Albert Einstein, 627, São Paulo, 05652-901, Brazil.

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December 2018
2 Reads

CT diagnosis of gallbladder adenomyomatosis: importance of enhancing mucosal epithelium, the "cotton ball sign".

Eur Radiol 2018 Sep 9;28(9):3573-3582. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Korea.

Objectives: To determine the diagnostic value of the cotton ball sign and other CT features in patients with gallbladder (GB) wall thickenings (WTs).

Methods: Three blinded readers reviewed the preoperative CT and MR images of 101 patients with pathologically confirmed GB adenomyomatosis (GA) (n = 34) and other benign (n = 29), malignant (n = 41), and premalignant (n = 2) GBWTs. Three readers analysed the morphological features of GBWT and presence of the "cotton ball sign", defined as fuzzy grey dots in GBWT or a dotted outer border of the inner enhancing layer on contrast-enhanced (CE) CT. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of focal gallbladder adenomyomatosis and gallbladder cancer.

Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 2018 ;70(2):201-211

Department of Ultrasound, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Focal gallbladder adenomyomatosis (ADM) is a common disease that mimics gallbladder cancer (GBC) on ultrasonography.

Objective: Here we aim to assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating ADM from GBC.

Methods: Forty-one histopathologically proven focal ADMs and 34 GBCs (≤T2 stage) were enrolled in the study. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Interpreting body MRI cases: classic findings in abdominal MRI.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Oct;43(10):2790-2808

Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 132 South 10th Street, Suite 1087, Main Building, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA.

Few things in radiology are "pathognomonic" in their appearance or presentation. However, having an awareness of those findings which are specific to a certain entity is important when interpreting imaging studies. These classic findings can be identified with many imaging modalities, but no modality provides as many recognizable observations as an MRI. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging characteristics of malignant transformation of a localized type gallbladder adenomyomatosis: A case report and literature review.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 ;14(Supplement):S263-S266

Department of Pathology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

Gallbladder adenomyomatosis (GAM) is an acquired, reactive, tumor-like condition. Malignant transformation is extremely rare, and imaging features during contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) have not been described before. Herein, we describe a 73-year-old Asian man who had been diagnosed with gallbladder carcinoma by conventional ultrasonography (US). Read More

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August 2018
6 Reads

Value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the differential diagnosis of gallbladder lesion.

World J Gastroenterol 2018 Feb;24(6):744-751

Department of Ultrasound, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China.

Aim: To describe contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features and evaluate differential diagnosis value of CEUS and conventional ultrasound for patients with benign and malignant gallbladder lesions.

Methods: This study included 105 gallbladder lesions. Before surgical resection and pathological examination, conventional ultrasound and CEUS were performed to examine for lesions. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of DWIBS/T2 image fusion and PET/CT for the diagnosis of cancer in the abdominal cavity.

Exp Ther Med 2017 Oct 22;14(4):3754-3760. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu Hospital, Yotsukaido, Chiba 284-0003, Japan.

Fusion images of diffusion-weighted whole-body imaging with background body signal suppression and T2-weighted image (DWIBS/T2) demonstrate a strong signal for malignancies, with a high contrast against the surrounding tissues, and enable anatomical analysis. In the present study, DWIBS/T2 was compared with F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for diagnosing cancer in the abdomen. Patient records, including imaging results of examination conducted between November 2012 and May 2014, were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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October 2017
14 Reads

Gallbladder adenomyomatosis: Diagnosis and management.

J Visc Surg 2017 Oct 24;154(5):345-353. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Service de chirurgie digestive et de transplantation hépatique, université Claude-Bernard-Lyon-1, hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Lyon, France.

Gallbladder (GB) adenomyomatosis (ADM) is a benign, acquired anomaly, characterized by hypertrophy of the mucosal epithelium that invaginates into the interstices of a thickened muscularis forming so-called Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses. There are three forms of ADM: segmental, fundal and more rarely, diffuse. Etiology and pathogenesis are not well understood but chronic inflammation of the GB is a necessary precursor. Read More

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October 2017
4 Reads

Gallbladder Adenomyomatosis Mimicking Carcinoma: A Diagnostic Dilemma.

J Glob Oncol 2016 Oct 15;2(5):341-345. Epub 2016 Jun 15.

, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai; and , Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

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October 2016
4 Reads

Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography for differential diagnosis of localized gallbladder lesions.

Dig Endosc 2018 Jan 16;30(1):98-106. Epub 2017 Jul 16.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama, Japan.

Background And Aim: Differential diagnosis of localized gallbladder lesions is challenging. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the utility of contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography (CH-EUS) for diagnosis of localized gallbladder lesions.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-five patients with localized gallbladder lesions were evaluated by CH-EUS between March 2007 and February 2014. Read More

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January 2018
11 Reads

Adenomyomatosis Concomitant with Primary Gallbladder Carcinoma.

Acta Med Okayama 2017 Apr;71(2):113-118

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kochi Health Sciences Center, Kochi 781-8555, Japan.

Some clinicians have proposed a relationship between gallbladder (GB) cancer and adenomyomatosis (ADM) of the gallbladder, although the latter condition is not considered to have malignant potential. We retrospectively reviewed the surgical pathology database of patients who underwent resection for ADM of the gallbladder at our institution from March 2005 to May 2015. In total, 624 patients underwent surgical resection of the gallbladder with Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses. Read More

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April 2017
7 Reads

A case of intracystic papillary neoplasm of the gallbladder that exhibited findings similar to gallbladder adenomyomatosis with the formation of intramural cysts because of Rokitansky-Aschoff sinus infiltration.

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2017 ;114(2):264-273

Department of Gastroenterology, Japanese Red Cross Ishinomaki Hospital.

A 74-year-old man underwent regular follow-up observations after being diagnosed with gallbladder adenomyomatosis based on findings, such as the thickening of the wall of the gallbladder fundus and the presence of intramural cysts. Over the course of 3 years, a papillary tumor located on the thickened wall of the gallbladder had increased in size and extended into the lumen. Consequently, the patient was diagnosed with gallbladder cancer and underwent extended cholecystectomy. Read More

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June 2017
7 Reads

[Clinicopathological Study of Incidental Gallbladder Cancer Diagnosed after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2016 Nov;43(12):1605-1607

Dept. of Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital.

The aim of this study was to clarify the clinicopathological characteristics of incidental gallbladder cancer(iGBC)diagnosed after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A total of 33 patients diagnosed with iGBC were enrolled in this study, and their clinicopathological characteristics were investigated. Preoperative diagnoses were as follows: cholelithiasis in 16 patients, polypoid lesions in 8, cholecystitis in 7, and adenomyomatosis in 2. Read More

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November 2016
3 Reads

Gallbladder adenomyomatosis: imaging findings, tricks and pitfalls.

Insights Imaging 2017 Apr 26;8(2):243-253. Epub 2017 Jan 26.

Department of Radiology, Bolzano Central Hospital, 5 Boehler Street, 39100, Bolzano, Italy.

Gallbladder adenomyomatosis (GA) is a benign alteration of the gallbladder wall that can be found in up to 9% of patients. GA is characterized by a gallbladder wall thickening containing small bile-filled cystic spaces (i.e. Read More

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April 2017
13 Reads
1 PubMed Central Citation(source)

Gallbladder adenomyomatosis: not always benign.

HPB (Oxford) 2017 06 15;19(6):557. Epub 2017 Jan 15.

Department of Surgery, Saint Agnes Hospital Center, Baltimore, MD 21229, USA. Electronic address:

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June 2017
1 Read

Intravascular adenomyomatosis: a rare variant of ıntravascular leiomyomatosis.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 Jan 7;37(1):118-120. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

a Department of Pathology , Umraniye Education & Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey.

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January 2017
2 Reads

Diffuse Adenomyomatosis of the Gallbladder in a Child.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2016 11;38(8):e307-e309

Departments of *Pediatric Hematology and Oncology †Pediatric Surgery ‡Pathology §Radiogical, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.

Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder (ADMG) is characterized by proliferation of the mucosal epithelium and hypertrophy of the muscularis. ADMG is predominantly diagnosed by using ultrasonography. Although ADMG is benign in nature, lithiasis, and chronic inflammation secondary to it may lead to dysplastic changes and cancer. Read More

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November 2016
5 Reads

Adenomyomatosis of the Gallbladder with Pancreaticobiliary Maljunction in a Child.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2016 Aug 6. Epub 2016 Aug 6.

*Departments of Pediatrics and Child Health †Pediatric Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

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August 2016
1 Read

Intraumbilical versus periumbilical incision in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A randomized controlled trial.

Int J Surg 2016 Sep 2;33 Pt A:83-7. Epub 2016 Aug 2.

Department of Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: An important issue in laparoscopic surgery is initial peritoneal access. An intraumbilical (IU) incision may be easier and faster to place, but due to concerns about wound complications, the periumbilical (PU) incision is still often used. A prospective randomized controlled study was performed to investigate the outcomes of the IU incision and PU incision in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Read More

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September 2016
4 Reads

Long-term outcomes in patients with gallstones detected by mass screening.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2016 Oct 29;23(10):622-627. Epub 2016 Aug 29.

Department of Gastroenterology, Second Teaching Hospital, Fujita Health University, 3-6-10 Otobashi, Nakagawa-ku, Nagoya 454-8509, Japan.

Background: Gallstones are detected in about 5% of healthy Japanese. We followed up individuals showing gallstones upon screening, investigating features of those requiring surgery.

Methods: In 2002 we performed health evaluations for 21,550 persons (13,986 men and 7,564 women), detecting gallstones ultrasonographically in 837 or 3. Read More

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October 2016
8 Reads

Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder in childhood: A systematic review of the literature and an additional case report.

World J Clin Pediatr 2016 May 8;5(2):223-7. Epub 2016 May 8.

Filippo Parolini, Miguel Garcia Magne, Giovanni Boroni, Daniele Alberti, Department of Paediatric Surgery, "Spedali Civili" Children's Hospital, 25123 Brescia, Italy.

Aim: To investigate the diagnostic and therapeutic assessment in children with adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder (AMG).

Methods: AMG is a degenerative disease characterized by a proliferation of the mucosal epithelium which deeply invaginates and extends into the thickened muscular layer of the gallbladder, causing intramural diverticula. Although AMG is found in up to 5% of cholecystectomy specimens in adult populations, this condition in childhood is extremely uncommon. Read More

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May 2016
8 Reads

Negative signals for adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder upon diffusion-weighted whole body imaging with background body signal suppression/T2-weighted image fusion analysis.

Exp Ther Med 2016 May 2;11(5):1777-1780. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu Hospital, Yotsukaido, Chiba 284-0003, Japan.

Differentiation between adenomyomatosis (ADM) and cancer of the gallbladder is necessary during diagnosis. Diffusion-weighted whole body imaging with background body signal suppression (DWIBS) images are able to indicate cancer and inflammation. The fusion of a DWIBS with a T2 weighted image (DWIBS/T2) facilitates both functional and anatomical investigations. Read More

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May 2016
64 Reads

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in gallbladder disease: a pictorial review.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2016 08;41(8):1640-52

Department of Radiology, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Grattan Street, Parkville, VIC, 3050, Australia.

With its excellent contrast and spatial resolution, and the ability to image in real-time, ultrasound is the main imaging modality for assessing the gallbladder (GB). The application of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of the GB is now increasingly recognized as a useful addition to ultrasound and other cross-sectional imaging in the assessment of neoplastic and non-neoplastic GB disease. With the ability to image microcirculation and optimal contrast resolution, CEUS allows high-quality delineation in real-time, allowing for increased diagnostic confidence. Read More

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August 2016
11 Reads

Pancreatic cysts in general population on ultrasonography: Prevalence and development of risk score.

J Gastroenterol 2016 Dec 17;51(12):1133-1140. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, The University of Tokyo Hospital, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Background: Pancreatic cysts are related to the presence of ductal adenocarcinomas elsewhere in the pancreas, and are also associated with an increased risk of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the future. Most of the previous studies that investigated the prevalence of pancreatic cysts focused on patients within a hospital or out-patient setting, which may not be representative of the general population. We investigated the prevalence and predictive factors for the presence of pancreatic cysts within a large number of subjects via general health examination. Read More

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December 2016
10 Reads

Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis: What every radiologist should know.

World J Radiol 2016 Feb;8(2):183-91

Vaibhav P Singh, S Rajesh, Saloni N Desai, Sudheer S Pargewar, Ankur Arora, Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi 110070, India.

Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is an uncommon variant of chronic cholecystitis characterized by xanthogranulomatous inflammation of the gallbladder. Intramural accumulation of lipid-laden macrophages and acute and chronic inflammatory cells is the hallmark of the disease. The xanthogranulomatous inflammation of the gallbladder can be very severe and can spill over to the neighbouring structures like liver, bowel and stomach resulting in dense adhesions, perforation, abscess formation, fistulous communication with adjacent bowel. Read More

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February 2016
12 Reads

Organ-specific concept and controversy for premalignant lesions and carcinogenesis of gallbladder cancer.

Authors:
Keita Kai

Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr 2016 Feb;5(1):85-7

Department of Pathology, Saga University Hospital, Saga 849-8501, Japan.

An analysis of premalignant lesions, risk factors and models of carcinogenesis of gallbladder cancer (GBC) involves the concept of organ specificity. In GBC, the dysplasia-carcinoma sequence and metaplasia-dysplasia-carcinoma sequence are considered to be more important models of carcinogenesis than the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Cholecystectomy is recommended for gallbladder polyps ≥1. Read More

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February 2016

A literature review of radiological findings to guide the diagnosis of gallbladder adenomyomatosis.

HPB (Oxford) 2016 Feb 6;18(2):129-135. Epub 2016 Jan 6.

Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Gallbladder adenomyomatosis (GA) is a benign gallbladder entity discovered as an asymptomatic gallbladder mass. Since gallbladder cancer is in the differential diagnosis for gallbladder masses, the ability to differentiate benign disease avoids a more extensive oncologic resection. This study sought to review imaging modalities used to diagnose GA. Read More

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February 2016
5 Reads

[Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder: A case report].

Presse Med 2016 Apr 10;45(4 Pt 1):475-7. Epub 2016 Feb 10.

Hôpital Habib Thameur, Tunis, Tunisie.

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April 2016
6 Reads

[Value of diffusion-weighted MRI in differentiation between benign and malignant polypoid gallbladder lesions].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2015 Oct;95(39):3201-4

Imaging Department, Zhangjiagang First People's Hospital, Suzhou 215600, China.

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of diffusion-weighted MRI in differentiating between benign and malignant polypoid gallbladder lesions.

Methods: The study population consisted of 10 benign (5 polyps, 3 adenomyomatosis and 2 adenomas) and 13 malignant (all adenocarcinomas) polypoid gallbladder lesions treated in hospital from November 2007 to May 2014. DWI was evaluated by two observers. Read More

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October 2015
4 Reads

An Unusual Case of Noninvasive Adenocarcinoma Arising in a Localized Adenomyoma of the Gallbladder and Review of Literature.

Int J Surg Pathol 2016 Jun 31;24(4):341-6. Epub 2015 Dec 31.

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Adenomyoma or adenomyomatosis (ADM) of the gallbladder generally carries little or no risk of malignant transformation. Rare cases of such malignant transformation are described in the literature only in segmental type of ADM and not in localized adenomyoma. We report a case of a 58-year-old asymptomatic woman found to have an incidental 3. Read More

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June 2016
1 Read

Symptomatic diffuse adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder with subserosal inflammatory sclerolipomatosis: Imaging findings.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2016 Sep 23;97(9):939-41. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Clinique Saint-Luc, 5004 Bouge (Namur), Belgium.

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September 2016
3 Reads

Laparoscopic radical cholecystectomy for suspected early gall bladder carcinoma: thinking beyond convention.

Surg Endosc 2016 06 28;30(6):2442-8. Epub 2015 Sep 28.

Department of HPB Surgery, Gem Hospital and Research Centre, 45, Pankaja Mills Road, Ramanathapuram, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 641045, India.

Background: Gall bladder cancer (GBC) is the most common and aggressive malignancy of the biliary tract with extremely poor prognosis. Radical resection remains the only potential curative treatment for operable lesions. Although laparoscopic approach is now considered as standard of care for many gastrointestinal malignancies, surgical community is still reluctant to use this approach for GBC probably because of fear of tumor dissemination, inadequate lymphadenectomy and overall nihilistic approach. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography diagnosis of fundal localized type of gallbladder adenomyomatosis.

BMC Gastroenterol 2015 Aug 5;15:99. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

Department of ultrasound, Shengjing hospital of China Medical University, No. 36 Sanhao Street, Heping District, Shenyang, 110004, China.

Background: Adenomyomatosis of gallbladder is an acquired hyperplastic lesion, characterized by focal or diffuse thickening of the gallbladder with intramural cysts or echogenic areas with comet tail on ultrasonography. But in some cases, especially in the localized fundal type of adenomyomatosis, the intramural anechoic cystic spaces are uncertainty which causes difficult to differential adenomyomatosis from GB cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography(CEUS) in the diagnosis of the fundal localized type of gallbladder adenomyomatosis. Read More

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August 2015
9 Reads

The Impact of Body Mass Index as a Predictive Factor of Steatocholecystitis.

Hepatogastroenterology 2014 Jun;61(132):902-7

Background/aims: Obesity is a chronic inflammatory condition and is strongly linked to raised levels of pro-inflammatory factors and may lead to fatty infiltration of multiple internal organs including the gallbladder and liver, causing organ dysfunction. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and acute and chronic cholecystitis, and cholecystitis and cholesterolosis. We investigated the clinical implications of BMI as a predictive factor of cholesterol associated cholecystitis. Read More

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June 2014
7 Reads

Polypoid lesions of the gallbladder: disease spectrum with pathologic correlation.

Radiographics 2015 Mar-Apr;35(2):387-99

From the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (V.M.M.), Department of Pathology (E.M.B.), and Department of Surgery (M.B.M.D.),Washington University School of Medicine, 510 S Kingshighway Blvd, Box 8131, St Louis, MO 63110; Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Ariz (C.O.M., A.K.H., N.D.); Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Ind (K.S.); Department of Radiology, University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (A.Z.K.); and Department of Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Tex (K.M.E.).

Gallbladder polyps are seen on as many as 7% of gallbladder ultrasonographic images. The differential diagnosis for a polypoid gallbladder mass is wide and includes pseudotumors, as well as benign and malignant tumors. Tumefactive sludge may be mistaken for a gallbladder polyp. Read More

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January 2016
9 Reads

Gallbladder cancer: Clinical and pathological approach.

World J Clin Cases 2014 Oct;2(10):515-21

Keita Kai, Shinichi Aishima, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga City, Saga 849-8501, Japan.

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) shows a marked geographical variation in its incidence. Middle-aged and elderly women are more commonly affected. Risk factors for its development include the presence of gallstones, chronic infection and pancreaticobiliary maljunction. Read More

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October 2014
4 Reads

MR cholangiography features of adenomyomatosis.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2014 Dec 26;38(6):659-60. Epub 2014 Sep 26.

Sorbonne universités, UPMC université Paris 06, faculté de médecine Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Department of Radiology, Saint-Antoine Hospital, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 184, rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris, France. Electronic address:

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December 2014
5 Reads

The gallbladder: uncommon gallbladder conditions and unusual presentations of the common gallbladder pathological processes.

Abdom Imaging 2015 Feb;40(2):385-99

Department of Radiology, Yale School of Medicine, 20 York St, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA,

This article reviews a spectrum of gallbladder conditions that are either uncommon or represent unusual manifestations of common diseases. These conditions are divided into four major categories: (a) congenital anomalies and normal variants including duplication, ectopia, and lymphangioma; (b) inflammatory processes and stone-related diseases and complications including adenomyomatosis, emphysematous cholecystitis, xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis, gangrenous and hemorrhagic cholecystitis, perforation, gallstone ileus, and Bouveret and Mirizzi syndromes; (c) gallbladder neoplasms including adenocarcinoma with associated porcelain gallbladder, squamous cell carcinoma, lymphoma, melanoma, and neurofibroma. A thorough understanding of the imaging characteristics of each condition can help the radiologist to make a timely and accurate diagnosis, thus avoiding potentially harmful delays in patient management and decreasing morbidity and mortality rates. Read More

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February 2015
13 Reads

Malignant transformation of a 5-mm gallbladder polyp over 2 years: a case report and review of current literature.

Ultrasound Q 2015 Mar;31(1):66-8

Department of Radiology, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA.

Gallbladder polyps (GBPs) are incidentally seen in 4% to 7% of adults on abdominal ultrasounds. Most GBPs are benign cholesterol polyps, adenomyomatosis, or inflammatory polyps. Currently, cholecystectomy is widely accepted as appropriate care for polyps 10 mm or larger as they present a higher risk for malignancy. Read More

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March 2015
21 Reads