5,712 results match your criteria Adductor Strain
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Nordsjaellands Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark.
Background: We performed a randomised blinded pilot study in 16 healthy volunteers to assess whether placing a suture-method catheter in the adductor canal is feasible with two different insertion techniques.
Methods: Each volunteer had a suture-method catheter placed approximately halfway between the superior anterior iliac spine and base of the patella in both legs. Catheters were placed using a parallel technique in one leg and a perpendicular technique in the other leg, according to randomisation. Read More
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018 Nov 30:1-43. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke (QC), Canada.
Study Design: Single-blind, randomized controlled trial.
Background: Treatments for rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy include RC muscle strengthening to promote better muscle recruitment in order to minimize subacromial narrowing during active movement. Glenohumeral adductors recruitment has also been shown to prevent such narrowing in asymptomatic individuals; therefore, adding glenohumeral adductor coactivation during RC strengthening could enhance the efficacy of RC strengthening. Read More
Rev Bras Enferm 2018 Nov-Dec;71(6):3093-3102
Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Objective: The aim of this study is to systematically review the scientific findings about the efficacy of the measure of the Adductor Pollicis Muscle Thickness for nutritional assessment of individuals in various clinical conditions.
Method: Systematic review study performed according to the methodology Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA).
Results: 13 original articles published between 2004 and 2016 were included. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13391
Department of Anesthesiology, West China School of Medicine/West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic effect on the lateral and overall knee and early rehabilitation between adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) after total-knee arthroplasty.
Method: Two hundred patients randomly participated in the study and were divided into the ACB group and FNB group in a randomized manner. All patients received standardized anesthesia and analgesia upon hospitalization. Read More
Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 2018 Nov 26;228:51-60. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China; Function Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266200, China. Electronic address:
The development of bivalves has been extensively studied over the last 150 years. Despite this, the developmental dynamics of myogenesis in bivalves remains largely unknown, particularly at the early developmental stages. In the present study, we investigate the characteristics of muscle development of Yesso scallop Patinopecten yessoensis by phalloidin staining, light, electron and confocal microscopy. Read More
J Food Sci Technol 2018 Dec 1;55(12):4877-4886. Epub 2018 Oct 1.
1Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Biomedicine, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.
The study aimed to evaluate the chemical composition and nutraceutical potential of two commercially significant edible bivalve mollusc species ( and ). The edible parts (motor muscle, mantle and adductor) of these molluscs were analyzed for their proximate composition, collagen content, amino acid profile, chemical score and elemental constituents. Both molluscs had low fat content (2. Read More
Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 2018 Oct;47(10)
Riverside University Health System, 26520 Cactus Ave, Moreno Valley, CA 92555, USA. Email:
Soccer is the most popular sport in the world and has the fourth highest number of sports injuries. Hip and groin injuries account for 14% of soccer injuries and can be difficult to recognize and treat as they often require a high level of suspicion and advanced imaging. Groin pain can be separated into 3 categories: (1) defined clinical entities for groin pain (adductor-related, iliopsoas-related, inguinal-related [sports hernias/athletic pubalgia], and pubic-related groin pain), (2) hip-related groin pain (hip morphologic abnormalities, labral tears, and chondral injuries), and (3) other causes of groin pain. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 17;53:362-366. Epub 2018 Nov 17.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address:
Introduction: Ischial tuberosity fractures and complications may be an under recognized diagnosis in adolescent athletes. Operative interventions differ and may include anchor re-fixations, resections and osteostimulating drilling and partial hamstring releases. This case report illustrates a novel and less invasive management of a non-union following a proximal ischial tuberosity avulsion. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13258
Department of Health and Physical Education, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
This study compared the shoulder muscular performance and lean mass between elite and recreational swimmers.Thirty elite swimmers (mean age ± standard deviation = 23.1 ± 3. Read More
Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Nov 17;86:179-185. Epub 2018 Nov 17.
Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, EPOC 5805, Talence, France.
Recently, we reported an emerging pathology named Brown Muscle Disease (BMD) affecting Asari clams inhabiting the most productive area for this species in France, the Arcachon Bay. The main macroscopic feature of the pathology relies on the atrophy of the posterior adductor muscle, affecting the ability of clams to burry. The research of the etiological agent of BMD privileged a viral infection. Read More
J Biomech 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Aging brings about challenges in the ability to recover balance through protective stepping, especially in the lateral direction. Previous work has suggested that lateral protective stepping during weight transfer may be affected by impaired muscle composition and performance of the hip abductors (AB) in older adults. Hence, this study investigated the influence of hip abductor-adductor (AB-AD) neuromuscular performance on the weight transfer phase of lateral protective stepping in younger and older adults. Read More
J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Associate Registrar, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Introductory Course of Internal Diseases, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
Hallux valgus affects 23% of people older than 40 years, and there are hundreds of methods dealing with this pathology, which have their advantages and disadvantages. The aim of the present prospective cohort study was to report our experience in treating the patients with hallux valgus and to perform a comparative analysis of the outcomes of the innovative and standard methods of surgical correction. Data on 78 patients (113 feet) with hallux valgus operated on between March 2010 and December 2015 using either an innovative method, which included rotational scarf osteotomy with bone fragment impaction and adductor hallucis tendon reinsertion, or the classical scarf osteotomy were analyzed. Read More
J Hum Kinet 2018 Sep 15;64:5-11. Epub 2018 Oct 15.
Univ. Lille, Univ. Artois, Univ. Littoral Côte d'Opale, EA 7369 - URePSSS - Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société, F-59000 Lille, France.
Swimming and throwing are involved in water-polo player performance. These movements have a common biomechanical basis in the use of the internal shoulder rotation and adductor muscles. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between shoulder isokinetic evaluation and throwing velocity as well as swimming performance in female water-polo players. Read More
J Neurophysiol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Human Autonomic Neurophysiology, Baker Heart & Diabetes Institute, Australia.
We recently developed an approach to record from muscle spindles in the intrinsic muscles of the foot in free-standing humans by inserting a tungsten microelectrode into the posterior tibial nerve behind the medial malleolus of the ankle. Here, we characterize the behaviour of muscle spindles in the small muscles of the foot in (i) seated subjects with the leg horizontal and foot naturally plantarflexed and (ii) in standing subjects. In the first study recordings were made from 26 muscle spindle afferents located within flexor digiti minimi brevis (n=4), abductor digiti minimi (n=3), quadratus plantae (n=3), plantar interossei (n=4), flexor digitorum brevis (n=3), dorsal interossei (n=2) and lumbricals (n=2), with one each supplying abductor hallucis, adductor hallucis and flexor hallucis brevis. Read More
Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Division of Otolaryngology, Wisconsin Surgical Outcomes Research, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
Objective: To compare presenting characteristics of patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD), ADSD with laryngeal tremor (ADSD + LT), and laryngeal tremor without ADSD (LT).
Design: Cross-sectional analysis.
Methods: Patients treated for laryngeal movement disorders (1990-2016) were included. Read More
Clin J Sport Med 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Life Sciences Department, The Academic College at Wingate, Natanya, Israel.
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of an 8-week progressive resistance training program on hip joint muscles' strength measures, using the Copenhagen adduction (CA) and the sliding hip (SH) exercises.
Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial.
Setting: Sport training and medical centers. Read More
J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
From the Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.
Introduction: Unfamiliarity with the location of the femoral artery in the medial thigh has tempered surgeons' enthusiasm for medial approaches to the distal femur. The purpose of this study was to define the relationship of the femoral artery to the mid- and distal femur to assist in safely approaching the femur for fracture care.
Methods: Fifteen patients undergoing CT with angiography (CTA) of the lower extremity (CTA) were evaluated. Read More
J Arthroplasty 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Background: Peripheral nerve block and local infiltration analgesia (LIA) have an increasing role as part of multimodal analgesia for enhanced recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We hypothesized that the combination of obturator nerve block (ONB) and tibial nerve block (TNB) would reduce pain and opioid consumption more than ONB or TNB alone when combined with continuous adductor canal block and LIA.
Methods: Ninety patients were recruited into the study and received spinal anesthesia, LIA, and continuous adductor canal block. Read More
Eur J Radiol 2018 Nov 17;108:52-58. Epub 2018 Sep 17.
Department of Radiology - Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital (Bergamo), Italy; University of Milano-Bicocca (Milano), Italy.
Purpose: To correctly define through Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), diagnosis, staging and prognosis of the adductor longus (AL) acute lesions and to identify a correlation between Return to Play (RTP) and sport-related injury predisposing conditions and complications.
Materials And Methods: Twenty professional football players with acute groin pain and clinical suspicion of AL injury subsequent to sport's activity were evaluated. MRI examinations were performed by one and reviewed by other two radiologists with more than 10 years of experience. Read More
J Clin Anesth 2018 Nov 2;54:59-60. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke's and West Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine, 1000 10th Ave., New York, NY 10019, United States of America.
Aquat Toxicol 2018 Dec 22;205:182-192. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas (ICB), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Fisiológicas - FURG, Brazil. Electronic address:
Although some studies have showed the effects of different crystalline structures of nTiO (anatase and rutile) and their applicability in several fields, few studies has analyzed the effect of coexposure with other environmental contaminants such as copper. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate if the coexposure to nTiO (nominal concentration of 1 mg/L; anatase or rutile) can increase the incorporation and toxic effect induced by Cu (nominal concentration of 56 μg/L) in different tissues of Linmoperna fortunei after 120 h of exposure. Our results showed that the coexposure increased the accumulation of Cu in the gills and adductor muscle independently of the crystalline form and can positively or negatively modulate the antioxidant system, depending on the tissue analyzed. Read More
Clin Nutr ESPEN 2018 Dec 21;28:110-113. Epub 2018 Sep 21.
School of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlandia (UFU), Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:
Background And Aims: The use of adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) as a predictor of muscle and lean mass is not fully understood and little is known whether the APMT evaluation presents advantages when compared to simpler anthropometric measurements, such as body weight. We aimed to associate APMT, alone and plus body weight, with muscle mass and lean mass in kidney transplantation patients.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 129 kidney transplantation patients of both sexes that presented a high time of kidney transplant (95. Read More
J Biomech 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.
Laboratory of Biomechanics and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, University of Saint-Joseph in Beirut, Lebanon.
Lower limb (LL) muscle morphology and growth are altered in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Muscle alterations differ with age and with severity of motor impairment, classified according to the gross motor classification system (GMFCS). Muscle alterations differ also with orthopedic intervention, frequently performed at the level of the shank muscles since an early age, such as the gastrocnemius. Read More
Surg Technol Int 2018 Nov 3;34. Epub 2018 Nov 3.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.
Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) results in significant postoperative pain and a demanding postoperative path for recovery. This study was conducted to determine whether a femoral nerve block (FNB) or a periarticular injection of liposomal bupivacaine with an adductor canal block (LB+ACB) is superior for pain management.
Materials And Methods: A total of 557 consecutive primary TKA cases performed at a single hospital between 2010-2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More
Front Zool 2018 25;15:40. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
2Laboratório de Ictiologia de Ribeirão Preto (LIRP), FFCLRP, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, Ribeirão Preto, SP 14040-901 Brazil.
Background: The facial musculature is a remarkable anatomical complex involved in vital activities of fishes, such as food capture and gill ventilation. The evolution of the facial muscles is largely unknown in most major fish lineages, such as the Actinopterygii. This megadiverse group includes all ray-finned fishes and comprises approximately half of the living vertebrate species. Read More
Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Oct 29;84:920-926. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Liaoning Key Laboratory of Marine Animal Immunology, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian, 116023, China; Functional Laboratory of Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266235, China; Liaoning Key Laboratory of Marine Animal Immunology and Disease Control, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian, 116023, China. Electronic address:
The globular C1q domain containing (C1qDC) proteins are a family of versatile pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) to bind various ligands by their globular C1q (gC1q) domain. In the present study, a novel globular C1qDC (CgC1qDC-7) was characterized from Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. The open reading frame of CgC1qDC-7 was of 555 bp, encoding a polypeptide of 185 amino acids. Read More
Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.
Department of Orthopaedics, Foot and Ankle, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the success rate of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) lateral soft tissue release through a medial transarticular approach.
Methods: Ten cadaveric specimens were used (6 females/4 males, mean age, 73.4years). Read More
Toxins (Basel) 2018 Oct 31;10(11). Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Neurological Unit 1, Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, 20133 Milan, Italy.
Hip Osteoarthritis (OA) causes pain and disability. Here we evaluate abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport) (AboBoNT-A) injections versus placebo as a novel treatment option to improve hip range of motion, pain and quality of life. This prospective randomized double-blind multicenter study (EudraCT # 2012-004890-25) recruited 46 outpatients with hip OA who were randomized 2:1 to the Treatment Group (TG; 31 subjects), or the Placebo Group (PG; 15 subjects). Read More
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Oct 29;73:e162. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Departamento de Biomecanica, Medicina e Reabilitacao do Aparelho Locomotor, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, BR.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to perform ultrasonographic characterization of the normal ulnar collateral ligament in different age groups and compare it in men and women and in dominant and nondominant hands.
Methods: Forty right-handed volunteers in the age groups 20-30, 31-40, 41-50, and 51-60 years without a history of trauma or surgical procedure in the studied joint were evaluated. The studied parameters were ligament length, greatest ligament thickness, ligament longitudinal section area in the longitudinal plane, distance from the aponeurosis of the adductor muscle to the metacarpal head surface and joint opening at rest and under abduction stress. Read More
Br J Sports Med 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Oslo, Norway.
Curr Urol 2018 Oct 30;12(1):1-5. Epub 2018 Jun 30.
Department of Anesthesia, Hertfordshire and South Bedfordshire Robotic Urological Cancer Centre, Lister Hospital, Stevenage, UK.
Introduction: Bladder cancer is the seventh most common cancer in the UK. Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) is a relatively common procedure used to treat cancer of the bladder. A serious complication of TURBT is bladder perforation, the risk of which is greatly increased in the presence of an "obturator jerk". Read More
J Comput Assist Tomogr 2018 Nov/Dec;42(6):982-985
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine whether there are relevant anatomical variations to the typical injection sites for antispasticity procedures in the lower limb.
Methods: Sonographic images were obtained at traditional injection locations for spasticity in the lower limb. Images were recorded in neutral and contracted postures. Read More
J Hand Surg Am 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.
Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Department of Neurosurgery, University of the South of Santa Catarina (Unisul), Tubarão, SC, Brazil.
Purpose: With ulnar nerve injuries, paralysis of the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and the adductor pollicis (ADP) muscles weakens pinch. The likelihood that these muscles will be reinnervated following ulnar nerve repair around the elbow is very low. To overcome this obstacle, we propose a more distal repair: transferring the opponens pollicis motor branch (OPB) to the terminal division of the deep branch of the ulnar nerve (TDDBUN). Read More
World J Orthop 2018 Oct 18;9(10):198-202. Epub 2018 Oct 18.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22903, United States.
Aim: To investigate whether adductor canal nerve block (ACB) reduces patient falls when compared to femoral nerve block (FNB) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
Methods: We conducted an institutional review of all-cause falls after TKA from January 2013 to August 2016 using a quality improvement database. Our inclusion criteria were patients with diagnosis of primary knee osteoarthritis who underwent primary unilateral TKA with either a FNB or an ACB and sustained a fall during their hospitalization. Read More
J Arthroplasty 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.
Adult Reconstruction, Hofstra School of Medicine, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY.
Background: Total knee arthroplasty is a treatment option for debilitating arthritis. In the postoperative period, patients experience moderate to severe pain affecting the rehabilitation, hospital stay, and patient satisfaction. This study aims at utilizing current best evidence to determine whether adductor canal block (ACB) or periarticular injection (PAI) is a better modality for managing short-term postoperative pain and opioid consumption. Read More
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.
Microsurgery 2018 Nov 25;38(8):867-875. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Center, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, Hand and Plastic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen, Germany.
Background: Extensive soft-tissue defects affecting the knee region pose a significant reconstructive challenge and may require separate or multiple flaps for coverage. We evaluated the conjoined parascapular and latissimus dorsi free flap as an alternative reconstructive option.
Methods: From January 2013 to December 15, 2016 patients (7 female and 8 male) with a mean age of 47. Read More
BMC Anesthesiol 2018 Oct 24;18(1):150. Epub 2018 Oct 24.
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Nordsjællands Hospital, Dyrehavevej 29, 3400, Hillerød, Denmark.
Background: We performed a randomized, blinded pilot study in 12 volunteers to assess the feasibility to reposition an intentionally displaced suture-method catheter for two different insertion techniques for adductor canal block.
Methods: Each volunteer had an ultrasound-guided suture-method catheter placed in the adductor canal (AC) in both legs. The catheters were placed using a perpendicular technique in one leg and a parallel technique in the other leg, according to randomization. Read More
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Sep 6;6(9):e1852. Epub 2018 Sep 6.
University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29209.
Abdominal wall reconstruction for full-thickness defects is a challenging procedure that usually requires the use of flaps. The gracilis flap is known to be used in hernia repair in which the abdominal muscles are still intact, but there are no reports in literature describing the use of an innervated gracilis for dynamic abdominal wall reconstruction after tissue loss due to severe trauma. We present a surgical technique in which the gracilis is harvested preserving the neurovascular pedicle, then tunneled underneath the adductor longus to cover the lower abdominal defect and provide it with basal muscle tone without tension on the pedicle. Read More
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 Sep 29. Epub 2018 Sep 29.
Department of Physical Therapy, Kyungsung University, Busan, Korea.
Background: Many practitioners recommend step-up and step-down exercises to increase muscle strength in the lower extremities. However, decreased stability of the hip joint and imbalanced muscle activities can alter limb biomechanics during these movements.
Objective: This study investigated muscle imbalance between the medial and lateral muscle components and between the proximal and distal muscle components by expressing the proportions of muscle activation in the step-up and step-down positions. Read More
J Vasc Access 2018 Oct 22:1129729818805955. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
2 Wessex Kidney Centre, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, UK.
Introduction: Definitive access in patients requiring renal replacement therapy is an ever-increasing challenge. For those where autogenous venous access is no longer a viable option, arteriovenous grafts can be considered. This article describes long-term follow-up, complications and patency rates of the mid-thigh 'adductor loop' arteriovenous graft. Read More
Urol J 2018 Oct 21. Epub 2018 Oct 21.
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ahi Evran University Training and Research Hospital, Kirsehir, Turkey.
Purpose: Obturator nerve block (ONB) has been performed in surgeries of transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TUR-BT) for the prevention of the development of obturator muscle contraction. Currently, classic and inguinal approaches are frequently being used. In the present study, we aimed to compare the success rate, performance speed, and complication risks of both approaches. Read More
Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Oct 10;6(10):2325967118800948. Epub 2018 Oct 10.
Investigation performed at Unisports Sports Medicine, Auckland, New Zealand.
Background: For reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with hamstring autograft, perioperative analgesia can be achieved with multimodal analgesia and intra-articular local anesthesia infiltration with or without additional regional blocks. Saphenous nerve block (SNB) via the adductor canal is commonly used in our practice, but its benefit has not been well established in the literature.
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of SNB in ACL reconstruction with hamstring autograft. Read More
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2018 Dec 13;60:127-133. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Background: Age-related neuromuscular changes in the hip abductor-adductor muscles lead to reduced performance, especially in the rate of force development and power production. These alterations may impair weight transfer control and lateral balance recovery through protective stepping. This study compared the effects of eight weeks of low-dose hip abductor-adductor power and strength training on the performance of isometric maximal voluntary contractions, and lateral balance recovery at different initial weight-bearing conditions in older individuals. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Oct 20;19(1):382. Epub 2018 Oct 20.
Department Of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital, 20, Geonji-ro, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju, 54907, South Korea.
Background: The aim of this study is (1) to compare joint line (JL) restoration and clinical outcomes in revision TKA based on the contemporary prosthesis type and (2) to determine the restoration of posterior condylar offset (PCO) according to the use of a femoral offset stem.
Methods: Sixty knees that underwent revision TKA from April 2003 to December 2013 with a minimum of 1 year follow up were included. These were further subdivided into three groups according to prosthesis type: group I (2 mm offset), group II (4. Read More
J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Oct 19;13(1):261. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, 301 Yanchang Rd, Shanghai, 200072, China.
Background: Restoring the normal joint line (JL) is an important goal to achieve in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We intended to study the veracity of several landmarks used to level the normal JL in Chinese people.
Methods: Two hundred fifteen standard CT scans of knee joint were included to measure the distances from landmarks to distal JL (DJL) and posterior JL (PJL), along with femoral width (FW) in order to calculate the ratios. Read More
Int J Exerc Sci 2018 1;11(6):1074-1085. Epub 2018 Oct 1.
Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow College of Health Professions, School of Health Sciences, Division of Exercise Science, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI, USA.
It has been shown that acute static stretching (SS) may increase flexibility, improve performance and reduce the risk of muscle strains, but may also result in decreased maximal force output. Literature review revealed little research had specifically been done on the most effective ways to stretch the hip adductor muscles. The purpose was to determine the effects that an acute bout of SS (active vs passive) has on hip adductor flexibility and maintenance of strength. Read More