197 results match your criteria Adductor Strain


Elastic recoil action amplifies jaw closing speed in an aquatic feeding salamander.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 May 20;287(1927):20200428. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA.

Tendon springs often influence locomotion by amplifying the speed and power of limb joint rotation. However, less is known about elastic recoil action in feeding systems, particularly for small aquatic animals. Here, we ask if elastic recoil amplifies the speed of gape closing during aquatic food processing in the Axolotl (). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0428DOI Listing

Proposal for a Core Outcome Set of Measurement Instruments to Assess Quality of Voice in Adductor Spasmodic Dysphonia Based on a Literature Review.

J Voice 2020 Mar 28. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Uniform evaluation of treatment effect on the quality of voice in adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) is challenging due to the broad variety of available outcome measurement instruments (OMIs). The European Laryngological Society categorized five types of measurement domains for voice quality evaluations: patient-reported outcome measures, perceptual analyses, acoustic analyses, visual analyses, and aerodynamic measurements. The aim of this study was to propose a core outcome set (COS) for these domains, enabling systematic assessments of treatment effects on the quality of voice in patients with AdSD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.02.010DOI Listing

Bilateral Selective Laryngeal Reinnervation for Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis in Children.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Research Group on Ventilatory Handicap (EA 3830 GRHV), The Rouen Institute for Research and Innovation in Biomedicine, Rouen, Normandy, France.

Importance: Bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) in pediatric patients is a challenging entity with multiple causes. Traditional approaches to managing BVFP include tracheostomy, arytenoidectomy, suture lateralization, cordotomy, and posterior cricoid enlargement. These interventions are used to create a stable airway but risk compromising voice quality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2019.4863DOI Listing

Functional morphology of the jaw adductor muscles in the Canidae.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2020 Mar 6. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Musculoskeletal Biology, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, Ringgold Standard Institution, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Cranial form is closely allied to diet and feeding behavior in the Canidae, with the force and velocity of jaw-closing depending on the bony morphology of the skull and mandible, and the mass, architecture, and siting of the jaw adductor muscles. Previously, little has been reported on the details of the form and function of canid jaw adductor muscles, with earlier studies basing functional hypotheses on data derived from dry skull specimens. Here we use empirically derived muscle data from fresh-frozen specimens to explore the architecture of the muscles, and to inform finite element analyses models that predict bite force and strain energy in 12 species of wild canid. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24391DOI Listing

THE INFLUENCE OF HIP JOINT ANGLE ON THE RATIO BETWEEN ADDUCTION AND ABDUCTION TORQUE IN EXPERIENCED, RECREATIONAL MALE ICE HOCKEY PLAYERS.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2020 Feb;15(1):22-33

Division of Research and Innovation, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Strains of the adductor muscle group of the hip are common amongst ice hockey players. The ratio of isometric strengths between the hip adductors and abductors has been offered as a risk factor for hip adductor strain; however, there is no description for how the ratio between hip adductor and abductor strength varies as a function of hip abduction angle.

Hypothesis/purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of hip joint abduction angle on measured ratios of hip adduction to abduction torque in experienced, recreational, male hockey players. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7015023PMC
February 2020

Return to Sport After Criteria-Based Rehabilitation of Acute Adductor Injuries in Male Athletes: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Jan 29;8(1):2325967119897247. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Despite being one of the most common sports injuries, there are no criteria-based rehabilitation programs published for acute adductor injuries.

Purpose: To evaluate return-to-sport (RTS) outcomes and reinjuries after criteria-based rehabilitation for athletes with acute adductor injuries.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119897247DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6990618PMC
January 2020

Surgical Release of the Adductor Longus With or Without Sports Hernia Repair Is a Useful Treatment for Recalcitrant Groin Strains in the Elite Athlete.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Jan 27;8(1):2325967119896104. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Chronic strain and/or tendinopathy of the adductor longus tendon can be a cause of long-standing groin pain in the elite athlete, resulting in significant time lost from competition. Accurate diagnosis and treatment can expedite return to play.

Purpose/hypothesis: To evaluate return to sport and performance in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football players and National Football League (NFL) players following adductor longus release with or without sports hernia repair. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119896104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6985970PMC
January 2020

Pubic stress fracture presenting as a strain of adductor longus in a 16-year-old elite soccer player with Crohn's disease: a case report.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2019 Dec;63(3):197-204

Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

Background: Adductor strains are the most commonly reported muscle injuries in adolescent soccer players and the second most common muscle injuries in adult players. Health practitioners should be aware of possible differential diagnoses, such as a pubic stress fracture or pubic apophysitis when athletes present with chronic groin pain.

Purpose: To present a rare case of a unilateral pelvic stress fracture of a 16-year old elite soccer player with a history of Crohn's disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6973759PMC
December 2019

Polymorphisms of LAP3 gene and their association with the growth traits in the razor clam Sinonovacula constricta.

Mol Biol Rep 2020 Feb 19;47(2):1257-1264. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Germplasm Resource of Zhejiang, College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Wanli University, 8 South Qianhu Road, Ningbo, 315100, Zhejiang, China.

Leucine aminopeptidase 3 (LAP3) is an important proteolytic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of leucine residues from the amino termini of protein or peptide substrates and plays a critical role in protein metabolism and growth. In the present study, we investigated the full-length cDNA sequence of the LAP3 gene in Sinonovacula constricta (ScLAP3) using expressed sequence tags and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The full-length ScLAP3 cDNA was 2885 bp, with a 1560 bp open reading frame encoding 519 amino acids. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-019-05231-6DOI Listing
February 2020

Sciatic Neuritis Caused by Strain of the Adductor in an Amateur Swimmer.

PM R 2019 Nov 19. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12292DOI Listing
November 2019

Transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of genetic factors influencing adductor muscle coloration in QN Orange scallops.

BMC Genomics 2019 May 9;20(1):363. Epub 2019 May 9.

Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, 266109, China.

Background: Color polymorphism, a high-valued trait, is frequently observed in molluscan shellfish. The QN Orange scallop, a new scallop strain successively selected from the interspecific hybrids of the bay scallop (Argopecten irradians irradians) and the Peruvian scallop (Argopecten purpuratus), is distinguished from other scallops by its orange adductor muscles. In this study, to reveal the mechanisms of the formation of adductor muscle coloration in the QN Orange scallops, we compared the proteome and transcriptome of orange adductor muscles of the QN Orange and those of white adductor muscles of the Bohai Red scallop, another strain selected from the interspecific hybrids of the bay scallop and the Peruvian scallop. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-5717-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6509969PMC
May 2019
10 Reads

Cranial kinesis in the miniaturised lizard (Squamata: Scincidae).

J Exp Biol 2019 05 10;222(Pt 9). Epub 2019 May 10.

National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria.

Cranial kinesis refers to intracranial movements in the vertebrate skull that do not concern the jaw joint, the middle ear or the hypobranchial skeleton. Different kinds of cranial kinesis have been reported for lizards, including mesokinesis, metakinesis, amphikinesis (simultaneous mesokinesis and metakinesis) and streptostyly. Streptostyly is considered relatively widespread within lizards, whereas mesokinesis has been documented only for geckos, varanids and anguids. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.198291DOI Listing
May 2019
8 Reads

Histological Evidence of Intrinsic Muscle Degeneration in Compression Ulnar Neuropathy.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 05;82(5):541-545

Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Purpose: We investigated the histological characteristics of the tissues in the intrinsic hand muscles of patients with compressive ulnar neuropathy (CUN) to determine how the compromised nerve influences the target muscle.

Methods: In total, 83 patients underwent surgery for CUN in our institution between March 2015 and August 2017. Of these, 45 patients who met our inclusion/exclusion criteria were initially included in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001853DOI Listing
May 2019
9 Reads

Voice and swallowing dysfunction in X-linked dystonia parkinsonism.

Laryngoscope 2020 Jan 19;130(1):171-177. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Neurology, Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, Manila, Philippines.

Objectives: To systematically characterize and describe voice and swallowing manifestations in patients with X-linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) and correlate with quality-of-life (QOL) measures.

Methods: Thirty-four patients with XDP with communication and swallowing difficulties underwent neurological examination, head and neck examination, nasopharyngoscopy, QOL surveys (Swallowing Quality of Life questionnaire [SWAL-QOL] and Voice Handicap Index [VHI]), and functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) to assess the extent of dysfunction.

Results: All patients showed high rates of lingual, oromandibular, and laryngeal dysfunction, as well as severe QOL changes in swallowing and communication ability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27897DOI Listing
January 2020
41 Reads

Adductor squeeze test and groin injuries in elite football players: A prospective study.

Phys Ther Sport 2019 May 2;37:54-59. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Qatar Football Association, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

Objective: To examining the relationship between hip adductor strength and groin injury incidence during the competitive season of professional football teams.

Design: Prospective Cohort study.

Setting: Controlled laboratory environment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2019.03.001DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

Measuring the Hip Adductor to Abductor Strength Ratio in Ice Hockey and Soccer Players: A Critically Appraised Topic.

Authors:
Robert Rodriguez

J Sport Rehabil 2019 Jun 12:1-6. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Ice hockey and soccer are both dynamic sports that involve continuous, unpredictable play. These athletes consistently demonstrate higher rates of groin strains compared with other contact sports. Measuring the hip adductor/abductor ratio has the potential to expose at-risk players, reduce injury rates, and preserve groin health in players with chronic strains. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2018-0250DOI Listing
June 2019
11 Reads

Intramuscular Hemangioma But Not Adductor Muscle Strain: Ultrasound Imaging for an Adolescent With Posterior Proximal Thigh Pain.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2019 07;98(7):e84-e85

From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Bei-Hu Branch and National Taiwan University College of Medicine Taipei, Taiwan (K-VC, W-TW); and Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey (LÖ).

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001079DOI Listing
July 2019
9 Reads

Hip and Groin Injuries Among Collegiate Male Soccer Players: The 10-Year Epidemiology, Incidence, and Prevention.

Orthopedics 2018 Nov 16;41(6):e831-e836. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

The physical and demanding style of play in soccer places these athletes at an elevated risk for hip and groin injuries. Several studies have examined hip and groin injuries in professional and youth soccer in European countries, but few have involved American counterparts. Hip injury data were analyzed retrospectively from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program for the 2004 to 2014 academic years for collegiate men's soccer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20181010-01DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Effect of Dropping Height on the Forces of Lower Extremity Joints and Muscles during Landing: A Musculoskeletal Modeling.

J Healthc Eng 2018 2;2018:2632603. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dropping height on the forces of joints and muscles in lower extremities during landing. A total of 10 adult subjects were required to landing from three different heights (32 cm, 52 cm, and 72 cm), and the ground reaction force and kinematics of lower extremities were measured. Then, the experimental data were input into the AnyBody Modeling System, in which software the musculoskeletal system of each subject was modeled. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2632603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051254PMC
November 2019
13 Reads

Objective Indices of Perceived Vocal Strain.

J Voice 2019 Nov 29;33(6):838-845. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Background: A limited number of experiments have investigated the perception of strain compared to the voice qualities of breathiness and roughness despite its widespread occurrence in patients who have hyperfunctional voice disorders, adductor spasmodic dysphonia, and vocal fold paralysis among others.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptual basis of strain through identification and exploration of acoustic and psychoacoustic measures.

Methods: Twelve listeners evaluated the degree of strain for 28 dysphonic phonation samples on a five-point rating scale task. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.06.005DOI Listing
November 2019
10 Reads

Time to get our four priorities right: an 8-year prospective investigation of 1326 player-seasons to identify the frequency, nature, and burden of time-loss injuries in elite Gaelic football.

PeerJ 2018 20;6:e4895. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

School of Public Health, Physiotherapy, and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Managing injury risk requires an understanding of how and when athletes sustain certain injuries. Such information guides organisations in establishing evidence-based priorities and expectations for managing injury risk. In order to minimise the impact of sports injuries, attention should be directed towards injuries that occur frequently, induce substantial time-loss, and elevate future risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4895DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055676PMC
July 2018
31 Reads

Mechanisms of acute adductor longus injuries in male football players: a systematic visual video analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2019 Feb 13;53(3):158-164. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Aspetar Sports Groin Pain Centre/Research dept./Rehabilitation dept./Sports Medicine dept./Aspetar Sports Injury and Illness Prevention Programme (ASPREV), Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Change of direction and kicking have been described as the main actions resulting in adductor longus injury. Video descriptions of inciting events are lacking.

Objective: Perform a standardised visual video analysis of a series of acute adductor longus injuries in football. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099246DOI Listing
February 2019
20 Reads

Identification and expression of cathepsin B from the freshwater mussel Cristaria plicata.

Authors:
P Yi X Hu B Hu C Wen Z Li

Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 2018 Nov 5;225:21-28. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

School of Life Science, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China.

Cathepsin B plays crucial roles in host immune defense against pathogen infection. In present study, a cathepsin B gene from the freshwater mussel, Cristaria plicata (CpCathB) was cloned and characterized. The full-length cDNA of CpCathB was 1825 bp, and contained a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 36 nucleotides, an open reading frame (ORF) of 1044 bp and a 3' UTR of 745 bp with a poly (A) tail. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2018.06.005DOI Listing
November 2018
50 Reads

Management of a nonathlete with a traumatic groin strain and osteitis pubis using manual therapy and therapeutic exercise: A case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

c Rush University Medical Center , Chicago , IL , USA.

Introduction: Without a definitive single pathoanatomical origin for groin pain, management is difficult. The purpose of this case report is to describe the differential diagnosis and management of an individual with a traumatic groin strain.

Case Description: A 47-year-old sedentary male truck driver presented to physical therapy with a 2-month history of right medial groin pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1492658DOI Listing
July 2018
57 Reads

Quality of Life and Voice Changes After a Single Injection in Patients With ADSD Over Time.

J Voice 2019 Sep 5;33(5):721-727. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Center for Spoken Language Understanding (CSLU), Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), Portland OR, USA.

Introduction: Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) is one of the most disabling voice disorders with no permanent cure. Patients with ADSD suffer from poor voice quality and repeated interruption of phonation that leads to limitations in daily communication. Botox (BT) injection, considered the gold standard treatment for ADSD, reduces the amount of voice breaks and improves voice quality for a limited period. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08921997183010
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.04.023DOI Listing
September 2019
22 Reads

Muscle-tendon-related abnormalities detected by ultrasonography are common in symptomatic hip dysplasia.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Aug 4;138(8):1059-1067. Epub 2018 May 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Tage-Hansens Gade 2, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Introduction: Hip dysplasia is characterized by reduced acetabular coverage of the femoral head leading to an increased mechanical load on the hip joint and the acting hip muscles. Potentially, the muscles and tendons functioning close to the hip joint may present with overuse-related ultrasonography findings. The primary aim was to report the prevalence of muscle-tendon-related abnormalities detected by ultrasonography in 100 patients with symptomatic hip dysplasia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-2947-4DOI Listing
August 2018
63 Reads

An allometric analysis of sexual dimorphism in Ctenomys australis: integrating classic morphometry and functional performance in vivo.

Zoology (Jena) 2018 04 21;127:27-39. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Research Group "Morfología Funcional y Comportamiento", Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC, CONICET), Departamento de Biología, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3250, B7602AYJ Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

The South American rodents of the genus Ctenomys (Rodentia, Hystricognathi), which use both forelimbs and incisors to dig, show strong, specialized morphological adaptations to living in the underground niche. In these rodents, the effectiveness of a bite - in this case the potential to inflict physical damage - mostly depends on the strength of the incisors (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.zool.2018.02.005DOI Listing
April 2018
13 Reads

Musculoskeletal Screening Tests and Bony Hip Morphology Cannot Identify Male Professional Soccer Players at Risk of Groin Injuries: A 2-Year Prospective Cohort Study.

Am J Sports Med 2018 05 27;46(6):1294-1305. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Musculoskeletal hip/groin screening tests are commonly performed to detect at-risk individuals. Bony hip morphology is considered a potential intrinsic risk factor but has not been examined prospectively.

Purpose: To evaluate the association between intrinsic risk factors identified from musculoskeletal and radiographic screening tests and hip/groin injuries leading to time loss from training and/or match play in professional male soccer players. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518763373DOI Listing
May 2018
42 Reads

Investigation of the Effects of High-Intensity, Intermittent Exercise and Unanticipation on Trunk and Lower Limb Biomechanics During a Side-Cutting Maneuver Using Statistical Parametric Mapping.

J Strength Cond Res 2018 Jun;32(6):1583-1593

School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland.

Whyte, EF, Richter, C, O'Connor, S, and Moran, KA. Investigation of the effects of high-intensity, intermittent exercise and unanticipation on trunk and lower limb biomechanics during a side-cutting maneuver using statistical parametric mapping. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1583-1593, 2018-Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries frequently occur during side-cutting maneuvers when fatigued or reacting to the sporting environment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002567DOI Listing
June 2018
62 Reads

Muscle Strength Is a Poor Screening Test for Predicting Lower Extremity Injuries in Professional Male Soccer Players: A 2-Year Prospective Cohort Study.

Am J Sports Med 2018 05 13;46(6):1481-1491. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Lower extremity muscle strength tests are commonly used to screen for injury risk in professional soccer. However, there is limited evidence on the ability of such tests in predicting future injuries.

Purpose: To examine the association between hip and thigh muscle strength and the risk of lower extremity injuries in professional male soccer players. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518756028DOI Listing
May 2018
43 Reads

Adductor magnus: An EMG investigation into proximal and distal portions and direction specific action.

Clin Anat 2018 May 23;31(4):535-543. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Cadaveric studies indicate that adductor magnus is structurally partitioned into at least two regions. The aim of this study was to investigate the direction-specific actions of proximal and distal portions of adductor magnus, and in doing so determine if these segments have distinct functional roles. Fine-wire EMG electrodes were inserted into two portions of adductor magnus of 12 healthy young adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23068DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Isolated Compression of the Ulnar Nerve Motor Branch: A Case Series With 3 Unique Etiologies.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 May;80(5):529-532

Background: Although ulnar neuropathies are commonly encountered, isolated involvement of the motor branch is exceedingly rare. Previous reports of this entity describe compression as the deep motor branch passes through the piso-hamate hiatus and the adductor pollicis hiatus. This case series described 3 cases of motor branch compression due to unique etiologies which resolved after surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001406DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Muscles and fascial elements of the antebrachium and manus of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana, Blumenbach 1797): starring comparative and functional considerations.

Anat Histol Embryol 2018 Jun 19;47(3):195-205. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Institute of Topographic Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

The structure of the limbs of elephants is unusual among mammals. In African elephants (Loxodonta africana, Blumenbach 1797), the front limbs serve to support the greatest part of the body mass of the largest land animal. In this study, we present new and detailed anatomical data regarding muscular and specific fascial structures of the lower front limb which were examined by means of standard anatomical and histological techniques. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ahe.12340DOI Listing
June 2018
49 Reads

Adductor focal laryngeal Dystonia: correlation between clinicians' ratings and subjects' perception of Dysphonia.

J Clin Mov Disord 2017 13;4:20. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai, Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders, 425 West 59th Street, New York, NY 10019 USA.

Background: Although considerable research has focused on the etiology and symptomology of adductor focal laryngeal dystonia (AD-FLD), little is known about the correlation between clinicians' ratings and patients' perception of this voice disturbance. This study has five objectives: first, to determine if there is a relationship between subjects' symptom-severity and its impact on their quality of life; to compare clinicians' ratings with subjects' perception of the individual characteristics and severity of AD-FLD; to document the subjects' perception of changes in dysphonia since diagnosis; to record the frequency of voice arrest during connected speech; and, finally, to calculate inter-clinician reliability based on results from the Unified Spasmodic Dysphonia Rating Scale (USDRS) (Stewart et al, J Voice 1195-10, 1997).

Methods: Sixty subjects with AD-FLD who were receiving ongoing injections of BoNT participated in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40734-017-0066-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5727950PMC
December 2017
41 Reads

BubR1 insufficiency impairs angiogenesis in aging and in experimental critical limb ischemic mice.

J Vasc Surg 2018 08 30;68(2):576-586.e1. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Objectives: Budding uninhibited by benzimidazole-related 1 (BubR1), a cell cycle-related protein, is an essential component of the spindle checkpoint that regulates cell division. Mice in which BubR1 expression is reduced to 10% of the normal level display the phenotypic features of progeria. However, the role of BubR1 in vascular diseases and angiogenesis remains unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2017.07.119DOI Listing
August 2018
63 Reads

Common Ice Hockey Injuries and Treatment: A Current Concepts Review.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2017 Sep/Oct;16(5):357-362

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Peconic Bay Medical Center/Northwell Health.

Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000402DOI Listing
March 2018
62 Reads

First description of a mortality event in adult Pacific oysters in Italy associated with infection by a Tenacibaculum soleae strain.

J Fish Dis 2018 Feb 24;41(2):215-221. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Laboratoire LABÉO Frank Duncombe, Saint Contest, France.

Summer mortality episodes in adult Pacific oysters have been described since the 1950s in various farming areas. Starting in 2012, a recrudescence of mortalities in commercial-sized oysters was first observed in France and then in Italy, with seasonality extension and translation later in the year. Moribund individuals collected during an event in Italy in December 2014 showed yellowish lesions of the mantle and adductor muscle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfd.12698DOI Listing
February 2018
14 Reads

The effects of football match congestion in an international tournament on hip adductor squeeze strength and pain in elite youth players.

J Sports Sci 2018 May 3;36(10):1167-1172. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

d Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sports Orthopaedic Research Center (SORC-C), Amager-Hvidovre Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a congested international tournament match schedule on adductor strength and pain in elite youth football players. Twenty-two male players (age: 15.53 ± 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1363452DOI Listing
May 2018
108 Reads

Epidemiology of Hip Flexor and Hip Adductor Strains in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes, 2009/2010-2014/2015.

Am J Sports Med 2017 Oct 26;45(12):2713-2722. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Little research has examined the rates and patterns of hip flexor or hip adductor strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

Purpose: To describe the epidemiology of hip flexor and adductor strains in NCAA athletes during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546517716179DOI Listing
October 2017
20 Reads

Comparisons of hip strength and countermovement jump height in elite tennis players with and without acute history of groin injuries.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2017 06 13;29:144-149. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Sports Research Centre, Miguel Hernandez University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad s/n., C.P. 03202, Elche, Alicante, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Despite the high groin-injury (GI) prevalence in tennis, no studies have assessed the extent to which intrinsic groin injury risk factors, such as hip muscle strength, have recovered in elite tennis players with a history of previous GI.

Objective: To investigate whether elite tennis players with a history of GI show differences in hip strength and jump height between injured and uninjured limbs and compared with dominant limb in tennis players without history of acute groin-injuries (NGI).

Design: Cohort study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msksp.2017.04.006DOI Listing
June 2017
10 Reads

Evaluation of a wrist orthosis on lofstrand crutch-assisted gait.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2016 08;2016:5042-5045

Lofstrand, or forearm, crutches are a common assistive mobility device for those with functional impairments. However, repeated loading of the wrist and palmar region and continual hyperextension of the wrist during Lofstrand crutch usage may cause wrist strain, pain, and secondary injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome. In order to reduce risk of injury, a novel wrist orthosis was developed with the intent of improving wrist posture and reducing/redirecting palmar loads from the carpal tunnel region to the adductor pollicis area. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591860DOI Listing
August 2016
17 Reads

Calf muscle strain injuries in sport: a systematic review of risk factors for injury.

Br J Sports Med 2017 Aug 4;51(16):1189-1194. Epub 2017 Mar 4.

Department of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To systematically review the literature to identify risk factors for calf strain injury, and to direct future research into calf muscle injuries.

Design: Systematic review DATA SOURCES: Database searches conducted for Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, AMED, AUSPORT, SportDiscus, PEDro and Cochrane Library. Manual reference checks, ahead of press searches, citation tracking. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-097177DOI Listing
August 2017
19 Reads

Obturator internus muscle strains.

Radiol Case Rep 2017 Mar 16;12(1):130-132. Epub 2016 Dec 16.

Cappagh National Orthopaedic Hospital, Cappagh Road, Finglas West, Dublin 11, Ireland; Mater Private Hospital, Eccles Street, Dublin 7, Ireland; Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Eccles Street, Dublin 7, Ireland.

We report 2 cases of obturator internus muscle strains. The injuries occurred in young male athletes involved in kicking sports. Case 1 details an acute obturator internus muscle strain with associated adductor longus strain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2016.10.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5310260PMC
March 2017
30 Reads

Biomechanical Evaluation of Different Musculoskeletal Arrangements in Psittacosaurus and Implications for Cranial Function.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2017 01;300(1):49-61

School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Life Sciences Building, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, UK.

The masseter muscle complex is a unique feature of extant mammals and their advanced cynodont precursors, originating from the zygomatic arch and inserting onto the lateral surface of the dentary. This muscle complex is absent in sauropsids, with the exception of the neomorphic m. pseudomasseter complex that is unique to psittaciform birds (parrots and cockatiels). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.23489DOI Listing
January 2017
32 Reads

Groin Pain and Muscular Imbalance of Quadriceps and Hamstrings in an Elite Soccer Player - A Case Study.

Authors:
O Ludwig J Kelm

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2016 Aug 4;30(3):163-7. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Chirurgisch-orthopädisches Zentrum Illingen, Illingen, Deutschland.

Soccer and football players are exposed to a high risk of groin pain. In some cases, the pubic symphysis is the origin of the problems.This article presents a case report of a young elite soccer player who, over a period of two years, suffered from pain in the groin and symphysis area. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-110249DOI Listing
August 2016
5 Reads

Groin Injuries (Athletic Pubalgia) and Return to Play.

Sports Health 2016 Jul 14;8(4):313-23. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, Massachusetts

Context: Groin pain is a common entity in athletes involved in sports that require acute cutting, pivoting, or kicking such as soccer and ice hockey. Athletic pubalgia is increasingly recognized as a common cause of chronic groin and adductor pain in athletes. It is considered an overuse injury predisposing to disruption of the rectus tendon insertion to the pubis and weakness of the posterior inguinal wall without a clinically detectable hernia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1941738116653711DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4922526PMC
July 2016
52 Reads