7,381 results match your criteria Addiction[Journal]


Young Cohorts of Russians Drink Less: Age-Period-Cohort Modelling of Alcohol Use Prevalence 1994-2016.

Addiction 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Laboratory for Studies in Economic Sociology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, 11 Myasnitskaya, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation.

Background and aims Young Russians have been drinking less alcohol, and less strong spirits in particular, in recent years. This study aimed to disentangle age, period and birth cohort effects for the first time in Russia to improve our understanding of these trends. Design Age, period and cohort analysis of annual nationally representative repeated cross-sectional surveys (RLMS-HSE) using separate logistic models for each gender. Read More

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December 2018

A Modeling Approach to Gauging the Effects of Nicotine Vaping Product Use on Cessation from Cigarettes: What Do We Know, What Do We Need to Know?

Addiction 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Background And Aims: The long term population health impact of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) use among smokers is unknown and subject to a range of plausible assumptions about the use and health consequences of NVPs. While NVPs use may substitute for cigarette smoking and thereby aid in quitting cigarette use, it is also possible that smokers who would have otherwise quit would instead delay quitting cigarettes. We aimed to develop a cohort-specific simulation model of the impact of NVPs on smoking cessation by adult smokers and resulting premature deaths (PD) and life-years lost (LYL). Read More

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December 2018

Discussions between health professionals and smokers about nicotine vaping products: Results from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Addiction 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Background And Aims: Debate exists about whether health professionals (HPs) should advise smokers to use nicotine vaping products (NVPs) to quit smoking. The objectives were to examine in four countries: (1) prevalence of HP discussions and recommendation to use an NVP; (2) who initiated NVP discussions; (3) the type of HP advice received about NVPs; and (4) smoker's characteristics related to receiving advice about NVPs.

Design: Cross-sectional study using multivariable logistic regression analyses on weighted data from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey (ITC 4CV1). Read More

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December 2018

News and Notes.

Authors:

Addiction 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

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December 2018

Alcohol consumption and hospitalization burden in an adult Italian population: prospective results from the Moli-sani study.

Addiction 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS NEUROMED, Pozzilli, Italy.

Background And Aims: Epidemiological evidence on the impact of different alcohol drinking patterns on health-care systems or hospitalizations is sparse. We investigated how the different average volumes of alcohol consumed relate to all-cause and cause-specific hospitalizations.

Design: Prospective cohort study (baseline 2005-10) linked to a registry of hospital discharge records to identify hospitalizations at follow-up (December 2013). Read More

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December 2018

Methods of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, Wave 1 (2016).

Addiction 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Aim: To describe the methods of the 2016 International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Smoking and Vaping (4CV) Survey, conducted in 2016 in Australia (AU), Canada (CA), England (EN), and the United States (US).

Methods: The respondents were cigarette smokers, former smokers (quit within the previous two years), and at-least-weekly vapers, aged 18 and older. Eligible cohort members from the ITC Four Country Survey (4C) were retained. Read More

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December 2018

Income trajectories prior to alcohol-attributable death in Finland and Sweden.

Addiction 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Professor of Social Gerontology, Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Gävlegatan 16, 113 30, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background And Aims: Mortality from alcohol-attributable causes is patterned by income. We study analysed the income trajectories 17-19 years prior to death in order to determine: 1) whether income levels and trajectories differ between those who die of alcohol-attributable causes, survivors with similar sociodemographic characteristics, all survivors and those dying of other causes; 2) whether the income trajectories of these groups differ by education; and 3) whether there are differences in income trajectories between Finland and Sweden - two countries with differing levels of alcohol-attributable mortality but similar welfare-provision systems.

Design: Retrospective cohort study using individual-level longitudinal register data including information on income, cause of death and socioeconomic position. Read More

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December 2018

The paucity of genetic studies of alcohol phenotypes in diverse populations: What are the consequences and opportunities?

Authors:
Karen G Chartier

Addiction 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

School of Social Work, Virginia Commonwealth University.

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December 2018
1 Read

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Addiction 2019 Jan 30;114(1):191. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

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January 2019

Why Uruguay legalized marijuana? The open window of public insecurity.

Addiction 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Social and Political Sciences, Universidad Catolica Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Background And Aims: In 2013, Uruguay became the first country in the world fully to regulate its marijuana market. This ambitious policy was also an unexpected one: none of the usual explanations for legalization of marijuana in other contexts was present in the Uruguayan case. This paper offers an explanation for why Uruguay legalized marijuana. Read More

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December 2018

Commentary on Otten et al. (2019): moderators and person-environment interactions in developmental cascade models.

Addiction 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Addiction, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.

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December 2018

Commentary on Madah-Amiri et al. (2019): Beyond saturation.

Addiction 2019 Jan 5;114(1):101-102. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center on Community and Health Disparities Research, National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY, USA.

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January 2019
1 Read

The efficacy of smoking cessation interventions in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Addiction 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Center for Global Health, Northwestern University, 645 N Michigan Avenue, Chicago, USA.

Aims: To summarize evidence for the efficacy of smoking cessation interventions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials SETTING: LMICs as defined by the World Bank PARTICIPANTS: Adult current cigarette smokers residing in LMICs INTERVENTIONS: Behavioral and/or pharmacotherapy smoking cessation interventions.

Measurements: PubMed MEDLINE, EMBASE (embase. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

'Policies that Punish the Powerless' in a supply-led illicit fentanyl market.

Authors:
Sarah E Wakeman

Addiction 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

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December 2018
1 Read

Illicit fentanyls in the opioid street market: desired or imposed?

Addiction 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Illicitly manufactured fentanyl and its analogues are appearing in countries throughout the world, often disguised as heroin or counterfeit prescription pills, with resulting high overdose mortality. Possible explanations for this phenomenon include reduced costs and risks to heroin suppliers, heroin shortages, user preferences for a strong, fast-acting opioid and the emergence of Dark Web cryptomarkets. This paper addresses these potential causes and asks three questions: (1) can users identify fentanyl; (2) do users desire fentanyl; and (3) if users want fentanyl, can they express this demand in a way that influences the supply?

Argument/analysis: Existing evidence, while limited, suggests that some users can identify fentanyl, although not reliably, and some desire it, but because fentanyl is frequently marketed deceptively as other drugs, users lack information and choice to express demand effectively. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Addiction endorses the Open Science badge scheme.

Authors:

Addiction 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

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November 2018

HOW COMPETENT ARE PEOPLE WHO USE OPIOIDS AT RESPONDING TO OVERDOSES? QUALITATIVE ANALYSES OF ACTIONS AND DECISIONS TAKEN BY LAY FIRST-RESPONDERS DURING OVERDOSE EMERGENCIES.

Addiction 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Neurobiology (In Psychiatry), Division on Substance Use Disorders, Columbia University Medical Center and New York State Psychiatric Institute, United States.

Background And Aims: Providing take-home naloxone (THN) to people who use opioids is an increasingly common strategy for reversing opioid overdose. However, implementation is hindered by doubts regarding the ability of people who use opioids to administer naloxone and respond appropriately to overdoses. We aimed to increase understanding of the competencies required and demonstrated by opioid users who had recently participated in a THN program and were subsequently confronted with an overdose emergency. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Mapping discourse coalitions in the Minimum Unit Pricing for alcohol debate: A discourse network analysis of UK newspaper coverage.

Addiction 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.

Background And Aim: Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) for alcohol was introduced in Scotland on 1 May 2018 and is now on the policy agenda in other devolved administrations and at Westminster. Previous research has explored the arguments deployed for and against MUP, but the congruence between actors in the MUP debate has not been sufficiently examined. This study identified and mapped the discourse coalitions that emerged in the UK MUP debate through an analysis of actors' use of arguments in media coverage of the policy debates. Read More

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November 2018

Time since first cannabis use and 12-month prevalence of cannabis use disorder among youth and emerging adults in the United States.

Addiction 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD.

Aim: This study estimated whether and how the 12-month prevalence of cannabis use disorder among U.S. youth aged 12-17 and emerging adults aged 18-25 varied by time since first cannabis use. Read More

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November 2018

Exploring the relationship between polygenic risk for cannabis use, peer cannabis use, and the longitudinal course of cannabis involvement.

Addiction 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.

Background And Aims: Few studies have explored how polygenic propensity to cannabis use unfolds across development, and no studies have yet examined this question in the context of environmental contributions such as peer cannabis use. Outlining the factors that contribute to progression from cannabis initiation to problem use over time may ultimately provide insights into mechanisms for targeted interventions. We sought to examine the relationships between polygenic liability for cannabis use, cannabis use trajectories across ages 12-30, and perceived peer cannabis use at ages 12-17. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Response to commentaries: The quest(ion) remains in the search for a meaningful reduction-based end-point.

Addiction 2019 Jan 25;114(1):21-23. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

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January 2019
1 Read

Commentary on Graydon et al. (2019): Realistic simulations and nudging gambling policy.

Addiction 2019 Jan 22;114(1):125-126. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Centre for Gambling Research at UBC, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

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January 2019

Blunted stress reactivity reveals vulnerability to early life adversity in young adults with a family history of alcoholism.

Addiction 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Cognitive Science Research Center, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, 73109, USA.

Background And Aims: Persons with blunted stress reactivity have poor impulse control and also show increased risk for alcoholism. Exposure to early life adversity (ELA) contributes to blunted reactivity, but individual differences in susceptibility to ELA are not well understood. This study aimed to determine whether exposure to ELA has a greater impact on stress reactivity in young adults with a family history of alcoholism (FH+) compared with young adults with no family history of alcoholism (FH-). Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Compliance with Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocols in Substance Users: a Meta-Analysis.

Addiction 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Psychological Sciences, The University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Background And Aims: Whilst there are considerable benefits to Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), poor compliance with assessment protocols has been identified as a limitation, particularly in substance users. Our aim was to identify the pooled compliance rate of EMA studies in substance users and examine variables that may influence compliance with EMA protocols; such as the length and frequency of assessments.

Design: A meta-analysis and meta-regression of all possible studies (randomised controlled trials and longitudinal) which incorporated EMA protocols, examining substance use. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads
4.738 Impact Factor

US state cigarette tax increases and smoke-free legislation in relation to cigarette expenditure across household socioeconomic circumstances: a quasi-experimental study.

Addiction 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Boston College, School of Social Work, McGuinn Hall, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill, MA, 02467.

Background And Aims: While research has focused on outcomes of tobacco control policies, less is known about the mechanisms by which policies may affect tobacco use. We estimated the associations of changes in cigarette taxes and smoke-free legislation with 1) any household cigarette expenditure and 2) the level of household expenditure on cigarettes, as well as 3) tested interactions with socioeconomic circumstances.

Design: Difference-in-differences regression models to estimate the associations between changes in US state cigarette taxes and smoke-free legislation with changes in household expenditure on cigarettes. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Machine-Learning Prediction of Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Cross-Study, Cross-Cultural Validation.

Addiction 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Montreal, 3175 Chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine, Montréal, QC, H3T 1C5, Canada.

Background And Aims: The experience of alcohol use among adolescents is complex, with international differences in age of purchase and individual differences in consumption and consequences. This latter underlines the importance of prediction modeling of adolescent alcohol use. The current study a) compared the performance of seven machine-learning algorithms to predict different levels of alcohol use in mid-adolescence and b) used a cross-cultural cross-study scheme in the training-validation-test process to display the predictive power of the best performing machine-learning algorithm. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Changes over time in marijuana use, deviant behavior and preference for risky behavior among U.S. adolescents from 2002-2014: Testing the moderating effect of gender and age.

Addiction 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY.

Background And Aims: Among adolescents, risk preference and deviant behaviors are associated with marijuana use, which exhibit substantial historical trends. We examined 1) trends, 2) effect modification by sex and age, 3) associations of marijuana use with deviant behaviors and risk preferences, and 4) differences by sex, age, and year.

Design: Adjusted logistic and relative risk regression models, using data from the 2002-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, annual cross-sectional surveys of U. Read More

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November 2018

Dying Alone: The Sad Irrelevance of Naloxone in the Context of Solitary Opiate Use.

Authors:
Janet M Wojcicki

Addiction 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, 550 16th Street San Francisco, San Francisco, California, 94143, United States.

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November 2018

Self-wise, Other-wise, Streetwise (SOS) training, an intervention to prevent victimization in dual diagnosis patients: results from a randomized clinical trial.

Addiction 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Institute for Addiction Research, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 5, 1105, AZ, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background And Aims: Patients with co-occurring substance use and other mental disorders are vulnerable to crime victimization, yet no evidence based preventive interventions exist. Our aim was to test the efficacy of a new intervention, Self-wise, Other-wise, Streetwise training (SOS-training), to prevent victimization in these dual diagnosis patients as an add-on to care as usual.

Design: Multi-site single-blind parallel randomized controlled trial. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Disentangling longitudinal relations between youth cannabis use, peer cannabis use, and conduct problems: developmental cascading links to cannabis use disorder.

Addiction 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Annenberg Public Policy Center, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Aims: To determine whether cannabis use during adolescence can increase risk not only for cannabis use disorder (CUD) but also for conduct problems, potentially mediated by exposure to peers who use cannabis.

Design, Setting, Participants: Longitudinal study analyzing four waves of longitudinal data from 364 racially and socio-economically diverse, urban, US community youth (at baseline: M  = 13.51 (0. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Harm reduction in opioid treatment: an established idea under threat.

Authors:
Nicola J Kalk

Addiction 2019 Jan 16;114(1):20-21. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust/Clinical Lecturer, IOPPN, King's College London, London, UK.

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January 2019
2 Reads

Changes to Editorial Team.

Authors:

Addiction 2019 Jan 25;114(1). Epub 2018 Nov 25.

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January 2019

What defines a clinically meaningful outcome in the treatment of substance use disorders: 'Getting your life back'.

Addiction 2019 Jan 13;114(1):18-20. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

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January 2019
3 Reads

Could prenatal food insecurity influence neonatal abstinence syndrome severity?

Addiction 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Background And Aims: In general populations, prenatal food insecurity negatively affects maternal and infant health. Our aim was to estimate and test the association between prenatal food insecurity and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) severity.

Design/setting: Single-site prospective cohort design. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Response to Brown et al. 'Does the offer of e-cigarettes benefit smoking cessation among unselected smokers?'

Addiction 2019 Jan 8;114(1):187-188. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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January 2019

Does the offer of e-cigarettes benefit smoking cessation among unselected smokers?

Addiction 2019 Jan 8;114(1):186-187. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

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January 2019

The evolving drug epidemic of prescription opioid injection and its association with HCV transmission among people who inject drugs in Montréal, Canada.

Addiction 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, QC, Canada.

Aims: To examine temporal trends in prescription opioid (PO) injection and to assess its association with hepatitis C virus (HCV) seroconversion among people who inject drugs (PWID).

Design: Prospective cohort study spanning 2004 to 2016.

Setting: Montréal, Canada. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

A prospective study of alcohol involvement and the dual-systems model of adolescent risk-taking during late adolescence and emerging adulthood.

Addiction 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.

Aims: To estimate interactions and unique effects of behavioral approach and behavioral control on alcohol involvement hypothesized by dual-systems models, during adolescence and emerging adulthood.

Design: In a longitudinal study, behavioral approach and behavioral control were examined in relation to alcohol involvement, cross-sectionally and prospectively.

Setting And Participants: A total of 846 general population twins born in Colorado, USA were assessed twice (mean = 17. Read More

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November 2018

Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) as a tool for continuing medical education on opioid use disorder and comorbidities.

Addiction 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

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November 2018

An analysis of issues in the classification and reporting of heroin-related deaths.

Addiction 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Aims: To investigate the extent of variability in the reporting of heroin-related deaths in Victoria, Australia. Additionally, to identify opportunities to improve the accuracy and consistency of heroin-related death reporting by examining variability in the attribution, death certification, classification and coding of heroin-related death cases.

Methods: Heroin-related deaths in Victoria, Australia during a 2-year period (2012-13) were identified using the National Coronial Information System (NCIS) and used as the 'gold standard' measure in this study. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Are abuse-deterrent opioid formulations all they are crushed up to be?

Authors:
Lewis S Nelson

Addiction 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA.

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November 2018
2 Reads

Evaluating dynamic impacts of abuse-deterrent prescription opioid formulations.

Authors:
Keith Humphreys

Addiction 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Veterans Affairs Health Care System and Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

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October 2018
1 Read

Progressive nicotine patch dosing prior to quitting smoking: feasibility, safety and effects during the pre-quit and post-quit periods.

Addiction 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Health and Lifestyle Research Unit, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

Background And Aims: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) may be more effective in aiding smoking cessation if higher doses of nicotine from it can be tolerated. We examined the responses to, and 4-week abstinence rates observed, when titrating the dose of transdermal nicotine patch up to 84 mg/day over 4 weeks prior to a target quit date and titrating down again over 4 weeks afterwards.

Design: Clinical cohort study. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Concordance between the diagnostic guidelines for alcohol and cannabis use disorders in the draft ICD-11 and other classification systems: analysis of data from the WHO's World Mental Health Surveys.

Addiction 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background And Aims: The World Health Organization's (WHO's) proposed International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition (ICD-11) includes several major revisions to substance use disorder (SUD) diagnoses. It is essential to ensure the consistency of within-subject diagnostic findings throughout countries, languages and cultures. To date, agreement analyses between different SUD diagnostic systems have largely been based in high-income countries and clinical samples rather than general population samples. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Substance use and the objectives of current global health frameworks: measurement matters.

Addiction 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

World Health Organization/Pan American Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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October 2018
4 Reads

Rat Park: How a rat paradise changed the narrative of addiction.

Addiction 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

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October 2018

The public health consequences of e-cigarettes: a review by the National Academies of Sciences. A call for more research, a need for regulatory action.

Addiction 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

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October 2018
1 Read

Test uptake and hepatitis C prevalence in 5483 Danish people in drug use treatment from 1996 to 2015: a registry-based cohort study.

Addiction 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, Denmark.

Background And Aims: The aims of this study were, in people in treatment for drug use in Funen, Denmark, to: (1) assess prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) test uptake and prevalence of HCV; (2) identify predictors of test update and HCV infection; and (3) characterize changes between 1996 and 2015 in test uptake, HCV prevalence and drug use.

Design: Cohort study linking the Danish National Registry on Drug Users in Treatment to the regional hepatitis test registry and the Danish Death Certificate Registry, thus combining longitudinal data on drug use with data on HCV testing and results.

Setting And Participants: People recorded as having received treatment for drug use between 1996 and 2015 (n = 5483) in Funen, Denmark. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

A dynamic, modifiable model for estimating cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy: application to an RCT of self-help delivered by text message.

Addiction 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Background And Aims: Previous evaluations of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy have several limitations. Our solution to these limitations is the Economics of Smoking in Pregnancy (ESIP) model, which estimates the life-time cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy from a National Health Service (NHS) and personal social services perspective. We aim to (1) describe how ESIP has been constructed and (2) illustrate its use with trial data. Read More

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October 2018