7,436 results match your criteria Addiction[Journal]


Effectiveness and framing of pharmaceutical opioid abuse-deterrent formulations.

Addiction 2019 Mar;114(3):404-405

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales Sydney, NSW, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14556DOI Listing

Commentary on Costanzo et al. (2019): The need for secondary analyses of prospective cohort studies-creating a better understanding of alcohol consumption and hospitalization.

Addiction 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

World Health Organization/Pan American Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14557DOI Listing
February 2019

Medical marijuana, not miracle marijuana: Some well-publicized studies about medical marijuana don't pass a reality check.

Addiction 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health, University College Cork, Cork, Republic of Ireland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14580DOI Listing
February 2019

Why We Will Never Work With the Tobacco Industry.

Addiction 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55902, United States of America.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14582DOI Listing
February 2019

Letter: Loot box limit-setting: A potential policy to protect video game users with gambling problems?

Addiction 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

School of Psychology, Massey University, New Zealand.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14583DOI Listing
February 2019

Is the association between maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy and pre-school child behavior and emotional problems causal? Multiple approaches for controlling unmeasured confounding.

Addiction 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

The Norwegian Institute of Public health, Oslo, Norway.

Background And Aims: Hazardous drinking (i.e., alcohol consumption that places drinkers at risk for adverse health outcomes) during pregnancy is associated with adverse child outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14573DOI Listing
February 2019

Commentary on Degenhardt et al. (2019): Harm to others matters in substance use disorders, and so does discordance between the diagnostic systems.

Addiction 2019 Mar 6;114(3):553-554. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14560DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Commentary on Room et al. (2019): Correlates of alcohol's harm to others across nations.

Authors:
Kwang Kee Kim

Addiction 2019 Mar 6;114(3):434-435. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Graduate School of Public Health, Inje University, Busan, Korea.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14561DOI Listing

Hospitalization of children after prenatal exposure to opioid maintenance therapy during pregnancy: a national registry study from the Czech Republic.

Addiction 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic.

Background And Aims: Our understanding of the long-term safety of prenatal exposure to Opioid Maintenance Treatment (OMT) is insufficient. We compared childhood morbidity (0-3 years) between OMT-exposed and relevant comparison groups.

Design: Nation-wide, registry-based cohort study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/add.14576
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14576DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Traffic fatalities within US states that have legalized recreational cannabis sales and their neighbours.

Addiction 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background And Aims: A growing body of evidence suggests that cannabis impairs driving ability. We used mortality data to investigate whether the commercial sale of cannabis for recreational use affected traffic fatality rates both in states that legalized it and in neighbouring jurisdictions.

Design: Interrupted time-series of traffic fatality rates adjusted for seasonality and autocorrelation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14536DOI Listing
February 2019

Racial Discrimination and Alcohol Use and Negative Drinking Consequences among Black Americans: A Meta-Analytic Review.

Addiction 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, 13244.

Background And Aims: Findings of the association between racial discrimination and alcohol use and related consequences are inconsistent and the role of potential moderators in the association is largely unknown. This meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the discrimination-alcohol literature among Black Americans, estimate magnitude of associations, and explore differences as a function of sample characteristics.

Methods: Empirical studies reporting the association of racial discrimination with alcohol-related behaviors in an all-Black sample were identified via systematic literature search. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14578DOI Listing
February 2019

Rules about smoking and vaping in the home: Findings from the 2016 international tobacco control four country smoking and vaping survey.

Addiction 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Addictions, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, England.

Aims: To examine rules about smoking and vaping in the home in relation to beliefs about the relative harm of secondhand vapor (SHV) compared with secondhand smoke (SHS) in four countries: Canada, United States (US), England, and Australia.

Design: Data were available from 12,294 adults (18+) who participated in the 2016 (Wave 1) International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping (ITC 4CV1) Survey.

Participants: All participants were current or recent former adult smokers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14579DOI Listing
February 2019

A new Classification System for describing concurrent use of Nicotine Vaping Products alongside Cigarettes (so-called "Dual Use"): Findings from the ITC-4 Country Smoking and Vaping Wave 1 Survey t.

Addiction 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Medical University of South Carolina, USA.

Aims: To determine whether a simple combination of level of smoking and level of vaping results in a useful typology for characterising smoking and vaping behaviours.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from adults (≥18 years) in the 2016 Wave 1 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey in the United States (n=2291), England (n=3591), Australia (n=1376), and Canada (n=2784) were used. Participants who either smoked, vaped or concurrently used both at least monthly were included and divided into 8 groups based on use frequency of each product (daily, non-daily, no current use). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14570DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Characteristics of nicotine vaping products used by participants in the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Addiction 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Canada.

Background And Aims: The regulatory environment for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) varies widely across countries and this will likely affect the devices used, nicotine content, and usage and hence the ability of NVPs to substitute for cigarettes. We aimed to describe the types of NVPs used by current vapers in four countries with varying regulatory and enforcement approaches toward the marketing and sale of NVPs.

Methods: Data are from Wave 1 (July-November 2016) of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey (4CV1), conducted among a cohort of current and former smokers, and current NVP users (n=5,147 adults; ≥18 years) in Australia (AU), Canada (CA), England (EN), and the United States (US) reporting either current daily, weekly, or occasional NVP use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14571
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14571DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Patterns of social determinants of health associated with drug use among women living with HIV in Canada: a latent class analysis.

Addiction 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Women's College Research Institute, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background And Aims: Identifying typologies of social determinants of health (SDoH) vulnerability influencing drug use practices among women living with HIV (WLWH) can help address associated harms. This research aimed to explore the association of SDoH clusters with drug use among WLWH.

Design: Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify the distinct clusters of SDoH. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14566DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical presentations, social functioning, and treatment receipt among individuals with comorbid lifetime PTSD and alcohol use disorders versus drug use disorders: Findings from NESARC-III.

Addiction 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Aims: To compare individuals with comorbid lifetime Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorders (AUD; i.e., no drug use disorders [DUD]) with to those with comorbid PTSD and DUD on past-year prevalence of these disorders, social functioning, lifetime psychiatric comorbidities, and treatment receipt. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14565
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14565DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Interpersonal and structural factors associated with receptive syringe sharing among a prospective cohort of female sex workers who inject drugs.

Addiction 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Aims: To determine the interpersonal and structural factors associated with receptive syringe sharing (RSS) among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDU), a group at high risk of HIV/HCV acquisition.

Design: SAPPHIRE study, a prospective cohort study SETTING: Baltimore, Maryland, USA PARTICIPANTS: 180 FSW-IDU. Mean age was 33 years, 77. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14567DOI Listing
January 2019

The Hepatitis C Awareness Through to Treatment (HepCATT) study: Improving the cascade of care for hepatitis C virus-infected people who inject drugs in England.

Addiction 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre and National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust and University of Nottingham, UK, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH.

Background And Aims: Previous studies have shown low rates of diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in people who inject drugs (PWID). Our aims were to test the effect of a complex intervention ("HepCATT") in drug and alcohol clinics - primarily, on engagement of HCV-positive PWID with therapy, and, secondarily, on testing for HCV, referral to hepatology services, and start of HCV treatment.

Design And Setting: A non-randomised pilot study in three specialist addiction clinics in England comparing an intervention year (starting between September 2015 and February 2016) with a baseline year (2014), together with three control clinics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14569DOI Listing
January 2019

Forecasting the 2021 local burden of population alcohol-related harms using Bayesian structural time-series.

Addiction 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Background And Aims: Harmful alcohol use places a significant burden on health services. Sophisticated nowcasting and forecasting methods could support service planning, but their use in public health has been limited. We aimed to use a novel analysis framework, combined with routine public health data, to improve now- and forecasting of alcohol-related harms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14568DOI Listing
January 2019

PRICES, USE RESTRICTIONS, AND ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE USE - EVIDENCE FROM ITC US OF THE 4CV1 (2016) SURVEY.

Addiction 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Aims: To determine if there are associations between changes in the explicit (i.e., price) and implicit (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14562DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of awareness, ever-use, and current use of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) among adult current smokers and ex-smokers in 14 countries with differing regulations on sales and marketing of NVPs: Cross-sectional findings from the ITC Project.

Addiction 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.

Aims: This paper presents updated prevalence estimates of awareness, ever-use, and current use of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) from 14 International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC Project) countries that have varying regulations governing NVP sales and marketing.

Design, Setting, Participants And Measurements: A cross-sectional analysis of adult (≥18 years) current smokers and ex-smokers from 14 countries participating in the ITC Project. Data from the most recent survey questionnaire for each country were included, which spanned the period 2013 to 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14558
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14558DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among opioid dependent patients in agonist treatment. A diagnostic study.

Addiction 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Arud Centre for Addiction Medicine, Schützengasse 31, CH-8001, Zurich.

Aims: To estimate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related risk factors in persons in opioid agonist treatment (OAT), to compare airflow limitation severity and age-specific COPD prevalence rates with those in the general population, and to assess the OAT patients' willingness to adopt lifestyle changes and to use therapeutic offers for COPD management.

Design: Cross-sectional study in a random sample of OAT patients.

Setting: Outpatient centres for substance addiction medicine in Zurich, Switzerland. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14559
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14559DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of existing needle and syringe programmes in preventing hepatitis C transmission in people who inject drugs.

Addiction 2019 Mar 23;114(3):560-570. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Bristol Medical School, Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Aim: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of needle and syringe programmes (NSPs) compared with no NSPs on hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission in the United Kingdom.

Design: Cost-effectiveness analysis from a National Health Service (NHS)/health-provider perspective, utilizing a dynamic transmission model of HCV infection and disease progression, calibrated using city-specific surveillance and survey data, and primary data collection on NSP costs. The effectiveness of NSPs preventing HCV acquisition was based on empirical evidence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14519
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14519DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Monitoring emerging prescription-drug related harms: a comment on Cairns et al. (2018)-in reply.

Addiction 2019 Mar 22;114(3):572-573. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

New South Wales Poisons Information Centre, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, NSW, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14531
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14531DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Monitoring emerging prescription-drug related harms: a comment on Cairns et al. (2018).

Addiction 2019 Mar 22;114(3):571-572. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Turning Point, Eastern Health, Richmond, VIC, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14495
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14495DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Pharmaceutical payments to physicians may increase prescribing for opioids.

Addiction 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Background And Aims: Given the recent complete suspension of opioid-related promotional activities aimed at physicians, interest has renewed in understanding the role of promotion in the US opioid crisis. The present analysis aimed to measure associations between such interactions and opioid prescribing.

Design: Data on all promotions by pharmaceutical companies directly to physicians were linked to physician-level data on opioid prescriptions filled in a federal insurance program and analyzed using multivariate regression. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14509DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Commentary on Jones & McCance-Katze (2019): Buprenorphine and the glass half full-why can't we prescribe more of it, and will nurse practitioners and physician assistants fulfill a chronic unmet need?

Addiction 2019 Mar 21;114(3):483-484. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Population Health, Department of Medicine/Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Innovation, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14545DOI Listing

What should clinicians do as fentanyl replaces heroin?

Authors:
Adam Bisaga

Addiction 2019 Jan 20. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14522
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14522DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Fentanils: a serious threat to public health.

Addiction 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14542
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14542DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Low-risk drinking guidelines: a pragmatic approach to health promotion?

Addiction 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), Praça Europa, Lisbon, Portugal.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14532
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14532DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Predictive value of non-consumption outcome measures in alcohol use disorder treatment.

Addiction 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Addictions, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Background And Aims: For decades, researchers have called for the systematic inclusion of non-consumption outcomes, such as alcohol-related consequences and temptation/craving, in addition to consumption outcomes (e.g. percentage of days abstinent) to evaluate alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment efficacy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14553DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Pharmacokinetics of a novel, approved, 1.4-mg intranasal naloxone formulation for reversal of opioid overdose-a randomized controlled trial.

Addiction 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Background And Aims: Intranasal (i.n.) naloxone is an established treatment for opioid overdose. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14552DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Vaping characteristics and expectancies are associated with smoking cessation propensity among dual users of combustible and electronic cigarettes.

Addiction 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Background And Aims: Most e-cigarette users who also smoke combustible cigarettes (dual users) begin vaping to quit smoking, yet only a subset succeeds. We hypothesized that reinforcing characteristics of e-cigarettes (vaping reinforcement) would positively predict smoking cessation propensity (SCP) among dual users.

Design: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional baseline data from dual users in an ongoing smoking cessation trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14551DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Addiction Theories and Constructs: a new series.

Addiction 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14554
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14554DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Exposure to and perceptions of health warning labels on nicotine vaping products: findings from the 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Addiction 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Addictions Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background And Aims: The presence and content of health warning labels (HWLs) on nicotine vaping products (NVPs), such as electronic cigarettes, varies by country and manufacturer. We compared proportions of people who report (i) noticing HWLs on NVPs and (ii) feeling concerned having noticed HWLs, by country and by smoking or vaping status. We also examined recall of HWL content and whether this varies by country. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14550DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Modelling continuous abstinence rates over time from clinical trials of pharmacological interventions for smoking cessation.

Addiction 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background And Aim: It is useful, for theoretical and practical reasons, to be able to specify functions for continuous abstinence over time in smoking cessation attempts. This study aimed to find the best-fitting models of mean proportion abstinent with different smoking cessation pharmacotherapies up to 52 weeks from the quit date.

Methods: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of pharmacological treatments to aid smoking cessation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14549
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14549DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Commentary on Stam et al. (2019): Drugs, death and statistics.

Authors:
Shane Darke

Addiction 2019 Mar 6;114(3):513-514. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14520
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14520DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Young adult longitudinal patterns of marijuana use among US National samples of 12th grade frequent marijuana users: a repeated-measures latent class analysis.

Addiction 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background And Aims: Long-term frequent marijuana use is associated with significant negative outcomes, yet little is known about the longitudinal course of marijuana use among those who start frequent use during adolescence. Objectives are (a) to identify latent patterns of within-person marijuana use from ages 19-30 years among 12th graders reporting frequent marijuana use, (b) to examine if membership in identified patterns has changed across historical time and (c) to examine if key covariates differentiate class membership.

Design, Setting, Participants: Longitudinal, national US panel data from 4423 individuals [53. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14548
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14548DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Advancing addiction research through expert consensus.

Authors:
Hugh Garavan

Addiction 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14521
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14521DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Measurement-based care using DSM-5 for opioid use disorder: can we make opioid medication treatment more effective?

Addiction 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD, USA.

Context And Purpose: Measurement-based care (MBC) is an evidence-based health-care practice in which indicators of disease are tracked to inform clinical actions, provide feedback to patients and improve outcomes. The current opioid crisis in multiple countries provides a pressing rationale for adopting a basic MBC approach for opioid use disorder (OUD) using DSM-5 to increase treatment retention and effectiveness.

Proposal: To stimulate debate, we propose a basic MBC approach using the 11 symptoms of OUD (DSM-5) to inform the delivery of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD; including methadone, buprenorphine and naltrexone) and their evaluation in office-based primary care and specialist clinics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14546
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14546DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Patterns and correlates of polysubstance use among US youth aged 15-17 years: wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study.

Addiction 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

RTI International - Survey Research Division, Rockville, MD, USA.

Background And Aims: Youth aged 15-17 years are at high risk of tobacco, alcohol and drug use. Given the changing landscape with respect to availability, use of emerging products and regulatory environments, we examined patterns and correlates of polysubstance use among US youth aged 15-17 years.

Design: Cross-sectional self-reported data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14547
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14547DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Harm perceptions of e-cigarettes and other nicotine products in a UK sample.

Addiction 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Addictions Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background And Aims: E-cigarettes (EC) and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) are less harmful than smoking, but misperceptions of relative harm are common. Aims were to (1) assess nicotine knowledge and perceptions of: harm of EC and NRT relative to smoking, addictiveness of EC relative to smoking, and change in harm to user if smoking replaced with EC; (2) define associations of these perceptions with respondent characteristics including nicotine knowledge; and (3) explore perceived main harms of EC and whether these differ by vaping status.

Design: Analyses were: (1) frequencies; (2) logistic regressions of perceptions of relative harm, addictiveness and change in harm onto demographics, smoking and vaping status and nicotine knowledge (attributing cancer or health risks of smoking to nicotine); and (3) frequencies and χ statistics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14502DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Maintaining guideline transparency and pragmatism in the post-truth era.

Authors:
Ian Gilmore

Addiction 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14515
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14515DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Increasing potency and price of cannabis in Europe, 2006-16.

Addiction 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, UK.

Aims: To quantify changes in (i) potency (concentration of Δ -tetrahydrocannabinol; %THC), (ii) price (euros/g of cannabis) and (iii) value (mg THC/euro) of cannabis resin and herbal cannabis in Europe.

Design: Repeated cross-sectional study.

Setting And Participants: Data collected from 28 European Union (EU) member states, Norway and Turkey by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14525
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14525DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Finding smoking hot-spots: a cross-sectional survey of smoking patterns by housing tenure in England.

Addiction 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Aims: To examine smoking prevalence, motivation and attempts to stop smoking, markers of cigarette addiction and success in quit attempts of people living in social housing in England compared with other housing tenures.

Design And Setting: A large cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of the English population conducted between January 2015 and October 2017.

Participants: A total of 57 522 adults (aged ≥ 16 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/add.14544
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14544DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

What are our aims, and why?

Authors:
Marianne Jauncey

Addiction 2019 Mar 28;114(3):402-404. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Uniting Medically Supervised Injecting Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14517DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

State-level relationships cannot tell us anything about individuals, but what they tell us about states should still be of interest.

Authors:
June H Kim

Addiction 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Rory Meyers College of Nursing, Behavioral Science Training in Drug Abuse Research, New York University, NY, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14543DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of cytisine versus varenicline for smoking cessation in an Australian population: a study protocol for a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial.

Addiction 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC), University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia.

Background And Aims: Smoking cessation medications are effective, but often underutilized because of costs and side effects. Cytisine is a plant-based smoking cessation medication with more than 50 years of use in central and eastern Europe. While cytisine has been found to be well-tolerated and more effective than nicotine replacement therapy, direct comparisons with varenicline have not been conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14541DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Response to FDA Commissioner's statement on Dsuvia approval.

Addiction 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

School of Public Health, Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14539DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read