6,351 results match your criteria Addict Behav[Journal]


Cognitive dynamics of intertemporal choice in gambling disorder.

Addict Behav 2020 May 8;109:106463. Epub 2020 May 8.

Gabriele d'Annunzio University, Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, and Institute for Advanced Biomedical Technologies (ITAB), Via dei Vestini 33, 66013 Chieti scalo, Italy. Electronic address:

Gambling Disorder (GD) is a behavioral addiction characterized by the persistence of recurrent gambling behaviors despite serious adverse consequences. One of the key features of GD is a marked inability to delay gratification and an overall impairment of decision-making mechanisms. Indeed, in intertemporal choice (ITC) tasks, GD patients usually display a marked tendency to prefer smaller-sooner over larger-later rewards (temporal discounting, TD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106463DOI Listing

Stigmatization of opioid addiction based on prescription, sex and age.

Addict Behav 2020 May 19;108:106469. Epub 2020 May 19.

California State University Los Angeles, 5151 State University Dr., Los Angeles, CA 90032, United States. Electronic address:

With opioid abuse becoming a nationwide epidemic, it is important to understand what is contributing to societal views of opioid dependence. Difference in stigmatization of drug users may exist between sexes, ages and type of drugs being used. Social perceptions may impact drug use and recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106469DOI Listing

Are bored minds more likely to be addicted? The relationship between boredom proneness and problematic mobile phone use.

Addict Behav 2020 May 5;108:106426. Epub 2020 May 5.

Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China. Electronic address:

Background: Boredom proneness has been demonstrated as a salient vulnerability factor for problematic mobile phone use. However, the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relationship are less investigated. In the current study, we constructed an integrative moderated mediation model to test the mediating role of depression and the moderating role of attentional control in the relationship between boredom proneness and problematic mobile phone use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106426DOI Listing

ENDS use among college students: Salivary biomarkers and persistent cough.

Addict Behav 2020 May 13;108:106462. Epub 2020 May 13.

University of Kentucky College of Education, Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, 111 Seaton Center, Lexington, KY 40536, United States.

Though e-cigarette aerosol has been associated with altered lung cell function, few studies have examined the effects of use on immune response and respiratory symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine if recent persistent cough or cytokine levels are related to Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) use in college students. In April 2019, 61 undergraduate students at the University of Kentucky completed surveys and provided a salivary sample to evaluate cytokine levels (Interleukin (IL-) 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 13 and TNFα, INFγ), using quota sampling to obtain comparable numbers of ENDS users and non-ENDS users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106462DOI Listing

Not by associations alone: The role of contextual factors, individual differences, and propositional learning in the malleability of implicit alcohol attitudes.

Addict Behav 2020 May 8;108:106460. Epub 2020 May 8.

Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom.

Alcohol attitudes predict unique variance in drinking behavior and have been the target of manipulations and interventions to reduce high-risk alcohol use among youth and adults. However, whether these manipulations create long-lasting changes in alcohol-related attitudes and drinking behavior is unclear. The current mini-review focuses on evaluative conditioning (EC), a manipulation which pairs alcohol-related stimuli repeatedly with affectively valanced stimuli to create new semantic associations in memory; such associations underlie reflexive or impulsive behaviors like high-risk alcohol use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106460DOI Listing

Positive and negative metacognitions about alcohol: Validity of the Norwegian PAMS and NAMS.

Addict Behav 2020 May 12;108:106466. Epub 2020 May 12.

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Psychology, Norway. Electronic address:

A growing body of research has demonstrated that metacognitions are associated with alcohol use and other addictive behaviours. In the present study (N = 588), we investigated the validity of the Positive Alcohol Metacognitions Scale (PAMS) and the Negative Alcohol Metacognitions Scale (NAMS). The results supported two-factor solutions for both the PAMS and NAMS, but three items from the PAMS were deleted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106466DOI Listing

Effect of the mobile phone-related background on inhibitory control of problematic mobile phone use: An event-related potentials study.

Addict Behav 2020 Feb 24;108:106363. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430079, China; School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China. Electronic address:

The present study aims to provide electrophysiological evidence for deficient inhibitory control in problematic mobile phone use and to investigate whether reduced inhibition is more pronounced during exposure to a mobile phone related background cue. A screen scale of smartphone addiction was completed by 227 college students, and finally an experimental group and a control group consisting of 20 problematic mobile phone users and 19 controls were included in the study. Event-related potentials were recorded during a backgrounded Go/NoGo task performed by those two groups, in which either a frequent Go signal (letter "M") or a rare NoGo signal (letter "W") was superimposed on three different background cues: neutral, mobile phone application-related and mobile phone using-related pictures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106363DOI Listing
February 2020

The role of Experiential Avoidance in transdiagnostic compulsive behavior: A structural model analysis.

Addict Behav 2020 May 12;108:106464. Epub 2020 May 12.

BrainPark, The Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, School of Psychological Sciences and Monash Biomedical Imaging Facility, Monash University, Australia.

Compulsivity is recognized as a transdiagnostic phenotype, underlying a variety of addictive and obsessive-compulsive behaviors. However, current understanding of how it should be operationalized and the processes contributing to its development and maintenance is limited. The present study investigated if there was a relationship between the affective process Experiential Avoidance (EA), an unwillingness to tolerate negative internal experiences, and the frequency and severity of transdiagnostic compulsive behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106464DOI Listing

Multiple opioid prescribers: A genuine quest for treatment rather than aberrant behaviour. A two-decade population-based study.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 28;108:106458. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research, The University of Queensland, 17 Upland Road, St Lucia, QLD 4067, Australia; Discipline of Psychiatry, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland 4029, Australia.

Background: Accessing multiple prescribers for opioid prescription, referred to as doctor-shopping, is associated with an increased risk of opioid overdose and fatalities.

Aim: The primary aim of this study was to assess the probability of accessing multiple prescribers among patients dispensed prescription opioids.

Method: A retrospective population-based study using the Monitoring of Drugs of Dependence system of the Medicines Monitoring Unit (MMU) of Queensland Health, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106458DOI Listing

Intoxicated bystanders' alcohol expectancies and valuations and the ability to detect risk in a potential sexual assault.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 30;108:106423. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

University of Arkansas, United States.

Alcohol intoxication, alcohol expectancies, and alcohol valuations are associated with impaired risk detection for victims of sexual assault; these factors may also impair risk detection of bystanders in a potential sexual assault. However, the relationship between expectancies, valuations and alcohol intoxication on bystanders' risk detection abilities has not been examined; the goal of this study was to address this gap in the literature. The current study used an alcohol administration experimental design that assessed 123 young adults' (50% women) alcohol expectancies and valuations, as well as their risk appraisal using a sexual assault vignette. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106423DOI Listing

Trauma-related cognitions predict treatment response in smokers with PTSD: Evidence from cross-lagged panel analyses.

Addict Behav 2020 Feb 29;108:106376. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Objective: Compared to smokers without posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD), smokers with PTSD smoke more heavily and are less successful in quitting smoking. However, limited research has examined the cognitive pathways underlying this heightened comorbidity. The current study is the first to simultaneously model the cross-sectional and lagged relationships between trauma-related cognitions and cigarette smoking, as well as between trauma-related cognitions and PTSD severity, in smokers with comorbid PTSD receiving treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106376DOI Listing
February 2020

Discounting delayed monetary rewards and decision making in behavioral addictions - A comparison between patients with gambling disorder and internet gaming disorder.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 25;108:106446. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Outpatient Clinic for Behavioural Addiction, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Centre, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Untere Zahlbacher Straße 8, 55131 Mainz, Germany. Electronic address:

Behavior addictions, such as Gambling Disorder and Internet Gaming Disorder, have been demonstrated to have severe negative impact. Heightened impulsivity, deficits in decision making, and cognitive biases in the preference of immediate rewards have been shown to be crucial aspects in addictive disorders. While for Gambling Disorder (GD), dysfunctional decision making has been documented before, data for Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) are still underrepresented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106446DOI Listing

Neural correlates of cue reactivity in individuals with smartphone addiction.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 29;108:106422. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

Department of General Psychiatry, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University, Germany. Electronic address:

Popularity of smartphones has dramatically increased in the past years, accompanied by increased concerns regarding potentially adverse effects on physical and mental health. Addictive behavior associated with excessive smartphone use, frequently referred to as "smartphone addiction" (SPA), has attracted increased scientific interest. However the neural correlates of SPA are unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106422DOI Listing

E-cigarette use and associated factors among smokers with severe mental illness.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 30;108:106456. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington YO10 5DD, UK.

Introduction: Smoking is more prevalent among people with severe mental illness (SMI) than the general population. E-cigarettes could provide an effective means of helping people to quit smoking. The aim of this paper is to explore the use of e-cigarettes and factors related to their use in people smokers with SMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106456DOI Listing

The association of cognitive distortions and the type of gambling in problematic and disordered gambling.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 23;108:106445. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

University of Luebeck, Research Group S:TEP, Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Germany.

Background: Previous studies have shown that particular types of gambling are related to the development of gambling-related problems. Further, gambling-related cognitive distortions contribute to the development of disordered gambling. The aim of the present study is to compare different gambling types with respect to cognitive distortions and the development of disordered gambling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106445DOI Listing

Longitudinal trends in e-cigarette devices used by Californian youth, 2014-2018.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 29;108:106459. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, United States. Electronic address:

The rate of adolescent and young adult (AYA) e-cigarette usage has increased in recent years, possibly due to the introduction of sleek new e-cigarette devices such as JUUL. This study analyzed data from 400 California AYA to examine trends in e-cigarette usage by device type (disposables, large-size rechargeables, vape/hookah pens, JUUL/pod-based). Participants were asked about their ever, past 30-day, and past 7-day use of e-cigarettes; their usual e-cigarette device used; and co-use of devices in seven surveys administered approximately biannually from 2014 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106459DOI Listing

Orbitofrontal, dorsal striatum, and habenula functional connectivity in psychiatric patients with substance use problems.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 27;108:106457. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA; The Menninger Clinic, Houston, TX, USA; Michael E DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA; Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Substance abuse is commonly defined as the persistence of drug use despite negative consequences. Recent preclinical work has shown that higher input from the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) to the dorsal striatum was associated with compulsive reward-seeking behavior despite negative effects. It remains unknown whether drug use is associated with the connectivity between the OFC and dorsal striatum in humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106457DOI Listing

Feasibility of a text-based reduction intervention in helping rural and underserved smokeless tobacco users quit.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 10;108:106434. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Duke Cancer Insitute, 20 Duke Medicine Cir, Durham, NC 27710, United States; Duke University School of Medicine, Department of Pupulation Health Sciences, 2424 Erwin Road Suite 602, Durham, NC 27710, United States.

Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use significantly affects morbidity and mortality and remains disproportionally prevalent in rural and medically underserved communities. Few programs exist for rural smokeless tobacco users. Text-based interventions may increase the reach of cessation interventions; yet, none has tested them in ST users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106434DOI Listing

Depressive symptoms predict smoking cessation in a 20-year longitudinal study of adult twins.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 3;108:106427. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Depression has been suggested to hinder smoking cessation, especially when co-occurring with nicotine dependence. The study aimed to examine the longitudinal association of depressive symptoms with smoking cessation among daily smokers. The study utilized adult Finnish twin cohort where 1438 daily smokers (mean age: 38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106427DOI Listing

Individual differences in distress, impulsivity, and coping motives for use as predictors of problematic ecstasy use.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 16;108:106397. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Orygen, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Ecstasy users who report problematic use of ecstasy experience adverse social, psychological, and health-related consequences not reported by non-problem users. Relatively little is known about the risk factors for the development of problematic ecstasy use. Such information would be valuable for targeted intervention, prevention, and education AIMS: The current study aimed to fill this gap by investigating several hypothesised risk factors for problematic use and the relationships between them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106397DOI Listing

Implicit memory associations and video gaming.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 18;108:106444. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.

Background And Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop measures to assess implicit memory associations for video gaming and to examine the relationship between implicit memory associations, video gaming involvement, and problem video gaming.

Methods: A survey of online panelists from across Canada was conducted that included 166 problem video gamers who were recruited for participation in a larger study examining the relationship between gambling, video gaming, and collectible card play. Memory associations were assessed using a 10-item measures of word associations and behaviour associations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106444DOI Listing
April 2020
2.764 Impact Factor

Does mindfulness reduce the effects of risk factors for problematic smartphone use? Comparing frequency of use versus self-reported addiction.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 8;108:106435. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Background: There is growing concern regarding problematic smartphone overuse. Practiced mindfulness, the state of being aware of the present moment, may protect against problematic smartphone use by reducing the strength of risk factors.

Purpose: We hypothesized that trait mindfulness can reduce the impact of risk factors on a) objective smartphone use and b) subjective problematic smartphone use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106435DOI Listing

Preventing college student nonmedical prescription stimulant use: Development of vested interest theory-based persuasive messages.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 11;108:106440. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology, Claremont Graduate University, 150 E. 10th St., Claremont, CA 91711, USA. Electronic address:

Vested interest theory (VIT) predicts that perceived importance and hedonic relevance of an expected behavioral outcome affects attitude-behavior consistency. Applied to college students' nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NUPS), the theory posits that persuasive information that weakens vested perceptions regarding assumed advantages of stimulant misuse will reduce usage intentions. The current study developed and experimentally assessed persuasive messages that targeted perceptions of vested interest (VI), and examined if message effectiveness varied as a function of users' risk status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106440DOI Listing

Self-reported cognition and marijuana use in older adults: Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions-III.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 11;108:106437. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 96 Jonathan Lucas St., MSC 861, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.

Marijuana use among older adults is on an unprecedented rise, yet little is known about its effects on cognition in this population where, due to advanced age, risk for cognitive decline is high. Thus, we investigated whether marijuana use and use characteristics were associated with self-reported cognition among older adults ages ≥ 50 years using the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. Respondents either had never used marijuana ("never": n = 10,976), used but not in the past 12 months ("former": n = 2990), or used in the past 12 months ("current": n = 712). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106437DOI Listing

Insecure attachment and addiction: Testing the mediating role of emotion dysregulation in four potentially addictive behaviors.

Addict Behav 2020 Aug 4;107:106432. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Canada.

Insecure attachment has been associated with an array of addictive behaviors. However, the mechanism by which insecure attachment leads to addictive behaviors remains largely unknown. In the present research we tested whether emotion dysregulation mediated the relationship between insecure attachment (anxious, avoidant) in substance use (alcohol, marijuana) and DSM-5 (Internet gaming) and non-DSM-5 (texting) behavioral dependencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106432DOI Listing

Driving under the influence of Alcohol: Findings from the NSDUH, 2002-2017.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 10;108:106439. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, United States.

Purpose: Based on a nationally representative adult sample, the present study examined the prevalence and trends of driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol in the United States from 2002 to 2017.

Methods: Using data from the 2002-2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the prevalence of DUI of alcohol in 2012-2017 were estimated to test for changes in trend and to identify populations at elevated risks of alcohol-involved driving.

Results: Since 2002, the prevalence of DUI of alcohol has gradually decreased from a high of 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106439DOI Listing

History of sexual assault, past-year alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems in American Indian adolescents.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 11;108:106441. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

University of Rhode Island, Department of Psychology, 142 Flagg Road, Kingston, RI 02881, United States. Electronic address:

American Indian (AI) adolescents have been found to experience higher rates of sexual violence, alcohol misuse, and alcohol-related consequences compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Adolescent alcohol use and sexual assault experiences have been linked to increased negative consequences across physical and mental health, school, work, and legal domains. The purpose of the present study was to examine the associations among endorsing a history of experiencing sexual assault, past-year alcohol use, and experiences of alcohol-related problems, and to examine how these associations differed across sex, using a large, nationally-representative sample of reservation-dwelling AI adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106441DOI Listing

Lower levels of bodily pain increase risk for non-medical use of prescription drugs among current US reserve soldiers.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 15;108:106443. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Community Health and Health Behavior, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Background: Military populations have a higher prevalence of pain compared to their civilian counterparts and are also at increased risk for substance use. The link between clinically significant pain and substance use has been established, but it is unclear if lower levels of pain relate to risk. The goal of this inquiry was to determine if level of bodily pain was associated with increased risk of current substance use over time among a community sample of U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106443DOI Listing

Parental incarceration and youth tobacco product use: Implications for prevention and the e-cigarette epidemic.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 3;107:106428. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Purpose: Youth smokers have high rates of adverse childhood experiences, and particularly parental incarceration (PI). In Minnesota, 16% of youth have experienced PI, but 55% of daily smokers report PI. However, no research has examined how PI relates to a range of tobacco products, which is critical considering the current e-cigarette epidemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106428DOI Listing

Regular cannabis use is associated with blunted affective, but not cardiovascular, stress responses.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 23;107:106411. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Family Medicine and Biobehavioral Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, 1035 University Drive, Duluth, MN 55812, United States. Electronic address:

Aims: To examine the potential impact of regular cannabis use on cardiovascular and subjective responses to acute stress.

Design: We used a quasi-experimental design in which subjective states and cardiovascular measures were obtained during rest and in response to acute stress challenges in a sample of regular cannabis users and non-users.

Participants: Seventy-nine adults (forty-five cannabis users and thirty-four non-users). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106411DOI Listing

Alcohol consumption and risk for feeding and eating disorders in adolescence: The mediating role of drinking motives.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 6;107:106431. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: A complex and bidirectional association has been assumed between feeding and eating disorders (FEDs) and alcohol consumption. Previous research has demonstrated that alcohol use among individuals with different forms of FEDs is more frequently motivated by two subtypes of internal drinking motives: coping and enhancement motives. Namely, these individuals might use alcohol primarily to regulate internal states, such as to mitigate negative emotions or enhance positive emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106431DOI Listing

Fear of missing out and problematic social media use as mediators between emotional support from social media and phubbing behavior.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 7;107:106430. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Applied Psychology, Guangdong University of Finance & Economics, No. 21 Luntou Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou 510320, China.

Recent research has identified some risk factors for phubbing behavior. However, scarce research has examined the potential influence of emotional support from social media on phubbing behavior, and little is known regarding the mediating mechanisms underlying this relationship. The present study examined the predictive role of emotional support from social media on phubbing behavior among college students and investigated whether fear of missing out and problematic social media use both mediated the relationship between emotional support from social media and phubbing behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106430DOI Listing

Predicting relapse in patients with severe alcohol use disorder: The role of alcohol insight and implicit alcohol associations.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 7;107:106433. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Service Hospitalo-Universitaire de Psychiatrie et de Psychologie Médicale, Centre Hospitalier Henri Laborit, Poitiers, France; Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage, Université de Poitiers, CNRS 7295, Poitiers, France. Electronic address:

Low insight is reported as a risk factor for relapse among patients treated for alcohol use disorders. However, to date, little is known on why patients with low insight are at higher risk for relapse. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that an implicit preference for alcohol over abstinence predicts relapse in patients with low, but not high, alcohol insight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106433DOI Listing

Change in implicit alcohol associations over time: Moderation by drinking history and gender.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 30;107:106413. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

University of Virginia, Department of Psychology, 102 Gilmer Hall, PO BOX 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4400, USA. Electronic address:

Implicit measures of alcohol-related associations or implicit alcohol associations are associated with drinking outcomes over time and can be understood as vulnerability markers for problem drinking. Longitudinal research remains rare, leaving open questions about how implicit alcohol associations themselves change over time and what factors moderate that change. We examined these questions with data from a larger study of first and second year U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106413DOI Listing

Gaming disorder and internet addiction: A systematic review of resting-state EEG studies.

Addict Behav 2020 Apr 5;107:106429. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

International Gaming Research Unit, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Neurophysiological studies of Gaming Disorder (GD) and internet addiction (IA) are providing important insight into neurocognitive mechanisms underpinning these disorders, which will enable more accurate diagnostic classification. Electroencephalography (EEG) has been widely used to investigate addictive behaviours, and offers advantages of accessibility, low cost, and excellent temporal resolution. The present systematic review evaluates resting-state EEG studies in GD and IA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106429DOI Listing

Changes in alcohol use, PTSD hyperarousal symptoms, and intervention dropout following veterans' use of VetChange.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 20;107:106401. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

National Center for PTSD, Behavioral Science Division, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Boston University, School of Medicine, USA; U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts report high rates of drinking, PTSD, and low rates of treatment engagement. Web interventions may help address unmet treatment need; unfortunately, little is known regarding outcomes or adherence to these interventions. In this study, we examined VetChange treatment outcomes and downstream effects of alcohol reduction on PTSD symptoms and intervention dropout rates over six months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106401DOI Listing

Stressful life events and gambling: The roles of coping and impulsivity among college students.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 13;107:106386. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

University of Houston, Department of Psychology, United States.

Substantial research has found a robust relationship between stressful life events and increased negative health outcomes and a greater predisposition to various forms of substance use and gambling behavior; however, less is known about the individual factors that explain this relationship. The present study examines the moderating factors of gambling to cope and individual impulsivity factors (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106386DOI Listing

Tobacco use and E-cigarette regulation: Perspectives of University Students in the Asia-Pacific.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 28;107:106420. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, 2001 N Soto Street, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The Asia-Pacific is home to 30% of the world's smokers. Additional efforts are needed to reduce negative health impacts of tobacco, including e-cigarettes. The study objectives were to 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106420DOI Listing

Assessing adolescent tobacco use in a substance use treatment program with self-report and biological measures.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 29;107:106424. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

University of Kentucky, College of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, 245 Fountain Court, Lexington, KY 40509, United States.

Tobacco use in adolescents can alter their lifetime health outcomes. Despite the importance of early identification and treatment, adolescent tobacco use, including that of electronic vapor products (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106424DOI Listing

Metadehumanization in severe alcohol-use disorders: Links with fundamental needs and clinical outcomes.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 30;107:106425. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology, Psychological Sciences Research Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Place C. Mercier 10, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Dehumanization, i.e., the denial of one's humanity, has important consequences for social interactions. Read More

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Engagement with LGBTQ community moderates the association between victimization and substance use among a cohort of sexual and gender minority individuals assigned female at birth.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 28;107:106414. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Psychology Department, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Background: Research has documented higher levels of substance use among sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals - particularly sexual minority women (SMW) and transgender people - than among their heterosexual and cisgender peers. Because SGM substance use is linked to stigma-based victimization, it is crucial to identify social contexts that may buffer the association between victimization and substance use among SGM.

Methods: We explored how engagement with LGBTQ-specific community influences victimization experiences and substance use among 488 SGM individuals assigned female at birth (FAB-SGM; ages 16-32; 26% White) in a large Midwestern city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106414DOI Listing

The broader impact of new trends in adolescent substance use: A special section editorial summary.

Addict Behav 2020 Aug 23;107:106412. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Wake Forest University, USA.

The focus of this special section of Addictive Behaviors is on how new trends in substance use have a broader impact on youth development, most notably on the use of other substances or psychosocial functioning. These eight articles focus on recent changes in the prevalence of e-cigarettes, stimulants, and prescription opiates as well as the implications of changing legislation for recreational marijuana use. These studies also focus on how using these substances is associated with continued use of the same and other forms of drugs, advertising trends, and psychosocial functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106412DOI Listing

Pain intensity, alcohol use motives, and alcohol use among firefighters: The moderating role of pain-related anxiety.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 28;107:106415. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

University of Houston, Department of Psychology, United States. Electronic address:

Firefighters are an understudied population that reports high rates of alcohol use and hazardous drinking. Pain, which is also commonly experienced by firefighters, may be associated with alcohol use and alcohol use motives, as research among the general population suggests that pain is associated with coping-oriented drinking. Pain-related anxiety, reflecting a tendency to respond to pain with anxiety or fear, may link pain to coping-oriented drinking among firefighters. Read More

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Changes in alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking in U.S. Women of childbearing-age and peripartum between 2001-2002 and 2012-2013.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 9;107:106389. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

APHP, Department of Psychiatry, Universitary Hospital Louis Mourier, 92700 Colombes, France; Université de Paris, France; Institute of Psychiatry and Neuroscience of Paris (IPNP), INSERM U1266, Paris F-75014, France. Electronic address:

Background: Heavy episodic drinking (HED) is a frequent pattern of alcohol use in women of childbearing age with severe consequences for both women and child, making it a major public health issue. Some states in the US have reported laws that target the use of alcohol during pregnancy. Our aim was to examine the evolution of 12-month alcohol use and 12-month HED prevalence in childbearing age, pregnant and postpartum women between 2001 and 2002 and 2012-2013. Read More

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Psychiatric comorbidity in compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD).

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 7;107:106384. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Dpto. Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación, Universitat de València, Estudi General, Spain. Electronic address:

Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder (CSBD) is characterized by a persistent failure to control intense and recurrent sexual impulses, urges, and/or thoughts, resulting in repetitive sexual behavior that causes a marked impairment in important areas of functioning. Data collected from clinical populations suggest that CSBD frequently co-occurs with other Axis I and II psychiatric disorders; however, studies conducted so far suffer from methodological shortcomings that prevent the determination of accurate psychiatric comorbidity rates (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106384DOI Listing

Examining the associations between alcohol-related parental communication, alcohol use, and protective behavioral strategy use among young adults.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 16;107:106398. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Systems, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, United States.

Underage alcohol use is a public health concern as it remains prevalent and problematic. Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) may prevent or reduce alcohol-related consequences, yet daily-level findings show they instead might be associated with increased drinking and consequences. While parents are a possible source of influence to their child's decision making, it is unclear whether parental communication about alcohol affects drinking outcomes, with mixed findings noted in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186136PMC

Addiction vs. dependence: A mixed methods analysis of young adult JUUL users.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 21;107:106402. Epub 2020 Mar 21.

Health and Exercise Science Department, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA.

Objective: JUUL-brand electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) contain higher levels of nicotine than other e-cigarettes. The current study examined the relationship between young adults' self-reported addiction and measured JUUL dependence.

Methods: This study used a sequential, explanatory mixed methods design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106402DOI Listing