407 results match your criteria Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly[Journal]


Water-Based Interventions for People With Neurological Disability, Autism, and Intellectual Disability: A Scoping Review.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Apr 19:1-20. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

University of South Australia.

The purpose of this study was to produce a descriptive overview of the types of water-based interventions for people with neurological disability, autism, and intellectual disability and to determine how outcomes have been evaluated. Literature was searched through MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid Emcare, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Google. One hundred fifty-three papers met the inclusion criteria, 115 hydrotherapy, 62 swimming, 18 SCUBA (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus), and 18 other water-based interventions. Read More

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"How Come You Sent Me the Canadian One?" Application and Uptake of the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults With Multiple Sclerosis in the United States.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Apr 9:1-22. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

University of Alabama at Birmingham.

The uptake and benefits of the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults with Multiple Sclerosis (PAGs) have been validated, but there is limited understanding regarding the knowledge, needs, and preferences of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) for implementing the PAGs outside of clinical research. The authors conducted online, semistructured interviews with 40 persons with MS from across the United States seeking information on awareness of and potential approaches for increasing the uptake of the PAGs. They identified first impressions and potential approaches for increasing the uptake of the PAGs through inductive, semantic thematic analysis. Read More

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Validity of Two Wheelchair-Mounted Devices for Estimating Wheelchair Speed and Distance Traveled.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Apr 5:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

University of Queensland.

This study evaluated the validity of two wheelchair-mounted devices-the Cateye® and Wheeler-for monitoring wheelchair speed and distance traveled. Speed estimates were validated against a calibrated treadmill at speeds from 1.5 to 10 km/hr. Read More

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The Emotional Experiences of Paralympic Swimming Medalists: Not All Wins and Losses Are Equal.

Authors:
Jeffrey Martin

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Apr 5:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Wayne State University.

The goal of this study was to determine if emotional expressions at the end of swimmers' 2016 Paralympic races varied according to medal won and if their race wins and losses were close or not close. Using FaceReader software, videos of 46 races of medal-winning Paralympic (M age = 24.6; SD = 5. Read More

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"Just Going to a Spin Class": Participant Experiences of Inclusion Within an Integrated Indoor Cycling Program.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Mar 30:1-18. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

University of Alberta.

Justifications for access to physical activity for people who experience disability tend to focus on the health benefits associated with a medical model of disability. The result is often programs that are segregated and impairment-focused, with limited access to integrated settings that are also potentially inclusive. In this instrumental case study, the authors engaged 20 participants with and without impairment from an adult integrated indoor cycling program to explore what contributed to meaningful and inclusive experiences in this setting. Read More

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Factors Associated With Penalty Outcome on Male Elite Goalball.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Mar 30:1-13. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

University of São Paulo.

The authors' purpose was to examine the factors associated with penalty outcomes of male elite goalball. A total of 122 video-recorded matches from two Paralympic Games (i.e. Read More

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Effects of an Exercise Therapy Targeting Knee Kinetics on Pain, Function, and Gait Kinetics in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Mar 30:1-19. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Sharif University of Technology.

In this study, the effects of an exercise therapy comprising yoga exercises and medial-thrust gait (YogaMT) on lower-extremity kinetics, pain, and function in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis were investigated. Fifty-nine patients were randomly allocated to three treatment groups: (a) the YogaMT group practiced yoga exercises and medial thrust gait, (b) the knee-strengthening group performed quadriceps- and hamstring-strengthening exercises, and (c) the treadmill walking group practiced normal treadmill walking in 12 supervised sessions. The adduction and flexion moments of the hip, knee, and ankle; pain intensity; and 2-min walking test were assessed before and after treatment and at 1-month follow-up. Read More

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A Comparison of the Fundamental Motor Skills of Preschool-Aged Children With and Without Visual Impairments.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Mar 18:1-10. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Miami Lighthouse for the Blind.

Fundamental motor skills (FMS) are an underlying mechanism driving physical activity behavior and promoting positive developmental trajectories for health. However, little is known about FMS of preschool-aged children with visual impairments (VI). The purpose of this study was to examine the FMS of preschool-aged children (N = 25) with (n = 10) and without (n = 15) VI as measured using the Test of Gross Motor Development-3. Read More

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Barriers, Expectancy-Value Beliefs, and Physical Activity Engagement Among Adults With Visual Impairments.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Feb 24:1-21. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Old Dominion University.

The purpose of this inquiry was to examine the relationship between barriers to physical activity, expectancy-value variables, and physical activity engagement among adults with visual impairments. Using a descriptive correlational approach, a sample of 214 adults with visual impairments (Mage = 43.14, SD = 13. Read More

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February 2021

Nonleisure-Time Physical Activity Guidance Following Minor Ischemic Stroke: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Feb 25:1-19. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Seirei Christopher University.

The purpose of this single-masked randomized clinical trial was to examine whether nonleisure-time physical activity guidance (NLTPAG) improves physical activity levels in patients after minor ischemic stroke. Patients who had been hospitalized for minor ischemic stroke in an acute care hospital (National Health Institute Stroke Scale ≤ 5) were randomized to either an NLTPAG group (n = 17) or a leisure-time physical activity guidance group (n = 16). NLTPAG focused on reducing sedentary behavior and increasing the frequency of walking for shopping and household activities to improve physical activity levels in daily life. Read More

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February 2021

Longitudinal Locomotor Competence and Body Mass Index Across Self-Reported Gender and Vision Level for Youth With Visual Impairments: A 3-Year Investigation.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Feb 25:1-18. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

SUNY-Brockport.

Youth with visual impairments are more likely to be overweight than peers without visual impairments and often struggle with their locomotor skills. Locomotor development can combat unhealthy body weight statuses by supporting physical activity behaviors. There are no longitudinal investigations concerning the locomotor skill and body mass index (BMI) developmental trajectories of youth with visual impairments. Read More

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February 2021

"Keep Moving": Experiences of People With Parkinson's and Their Care Partners in a Dance Class.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Feb 16:1-22. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

University of Wisconsin-Madison.

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of people with Parkinson's (PwP) and their care partners (CPs) who participated in a Parkinson's-focused community dance class in a northeastern state of the United States. In this qualitative inquiry, participants included five PwP and their respective CPs (n = 5). Three major, recurrent, and interrelated themes emerged from the data. Read More

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February 2021

Seasonal Changes in Breathing Pattern, Trunk Stabilization, and Muscular Power in Paralympic Swimmers.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Feb 16:1-17. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Università degli Studi di Milano.

The purpose of this study was to monitor the changes in breathing pattern, trunk muscle stabilization, and upper-body muscular power in Paralympic swimmers throughout a competitive season over three time points: October (T1), March (T2), and August (T3). Six top-level Paralympic swimmers voluntarily participated in this study. The Friedman test, the Bonferroni-Dunn multiple comparison post hoc analysis, and Kendall's W concordance coefficient for the measure of effect were used. Read More

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February 2021

Time-Motion Characteristics and Physiological Responses of Para-Footballers With Cerebral Palsy in Two Small-Sided Games and a Simulated Game.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Feb 17:1-16. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Miguel Hernández University.

This study compared physical performance in a group of international cerebral palsy football players during two formats of small-sided games (SSGs) and performance in a simulated game (SG) according to players' sport classes (FT1, FT2, and FT3). Internal load (heart rate and rating of perceived exertion) and external load (total distance, distance covered at different velocities, maximum speed reached, acceleration, and deceleration) were obtained with global positioning system devices during two formats of SSGs (2-a-side/SSG2 and 4-a-side/SSG4) and an SG (7-a-side). SSG2 demands faster actions compared with SSG4/SG, and significant differences and large effect sizes were found in the distance covered in Speed Zones 5 (16. Read More

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February 2021

Beyond the Motor Domain: Exploring the Secondary Effects of a Fundamental Motor Skill Intervention for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Feb 3:1-20. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Ontario Tech University.

Early motor skill interventions have been shown to improve the motor skill proficiency of children with autism spectrum disorder; however, little is known about the secondary effects associated with these types of interventions (e.g., influence on behavior, social skills, family dynamics). Read More

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February 2021

Exploring the Interaction of Disability Status and Childhood Predictors of Physical Activity and Sport Participation: An Exploratory Decision-Tree Analysis.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Jan 13:1-20. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Oregon State University.

A secondary data analysis of 33,093 children and adolescents age 6-17 years (12% with disabilities) from a 2016-2017 National Survey of Children's Health nonrepresentative sample aimed to identify (a) unique clusters of sociodemographic characteristics and (b) the relative importance of disability status in predicting participation in daily physical activity (PA) and sports. Exploratory classification tree analyses identified hierarchical predictors of daily PA and sport participation separately. Disability status was not a primary predictor of daily PA. Read More

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January 2021

An Exploratory Study of Teachers' Experiences in Physical Education With Children Thought to Have Developmental Coordination Disorder.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 15:1-18. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

University of Alberta.

Teachers can create supportive conditions in physical education to mitigate experiences of stress for children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD); however, most are unfamiliar with DCD and lack adequate training to instruct children with impairments. The purpose of this study was to explore teachers' perceptions of and interactions in physical education with children thought to demonstrate functional difficulties associated with DCD. A semistructured interview was conducted with 12 teachers across all elementary years with diverse backgrounds and thematically analyzed. Read More

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December 2020

Age-Group Differences in Body Mass Index, Weight, and Height in Adults With Down Syndrome and Adults With Intellectual Disability From the United States.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 11:1-16. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

East Carolina University.

The authors examined if body mass index (BMI), weight, and height across age groups differ between adults with Down syndrome (DS) and adults with intellectual disability but without DS. They conducted secondary analyses of cross-sectional data from 45,803 individuals from the United States from 2009 to 2014 of the National Core Indicators Adult Consumer Survey across five age groups: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, and 60+ years. For both men and women with DS, BMI and weight increased between the 18- to 29- and the 30- to 39-year age groups and decreased thereafter. Read More

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December 2020

The Instructional Sensitivity of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 to Detect Changes in Performance for Young Children With and Without Down Syndrome.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 11:1-14. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

University of Michigan.

The Test of Gross Motor Development is among the most commonly used measures of gross motor competency in children. An important attribute of any developmental assessment is its sensitivity to detect change. The purpose of this study was to examine the instructional sensitivity of the Test of Gross Motor Development-third edition (TGMD-3) performance criteria to changes in performance for 48 children (age 4-7 years) with and without Down syndrome following 10 weeks of physical education. Read More

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December 2020

Evaluation of Overhand Throwing Among College Students With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 11:1-19. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

California State University, Chico.

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) typically demonstrate deficits in gross motor skills such as the overhand throw. It has not been determined whether such deficits persist into adulthood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the kinematics and developmental level of overhand throws among young adults with and without ASD. Read More

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December 2020

What Do We Know About Research on Parasport Coaches? A Scoping Review.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 9:1-29. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences.

The purpose of this scoping review was to provide a broad overview of the literature pertaining to parasport coaches, including information regarding the size and scope of research, the populations and perspectives obtained, and the type of methods used to conduct the research. Data were collected and analyzed using a six-stage framework for conducting scoping reviews. The results revealed that the majority of articles were based on interviews, and an overwhelming majority of the participants were men coaching at the high-performance level in North America. Read More

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December 2020

Social Skill Outcomes Following Physical Activity-Based Interventions for Individuals on the Autism Spectrum: A Scoping Review Spanning Young Childhood Through Young Adulthood.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 6:1-32. Epub 2020 Dec 6.

San José State University.

Researchers posit that physical activity (PA) settings may provide an increased opportunity for social interaction. However, little consensus exists regarding the construct of social skills. Moreover, little is known about what type or amount of PA is necessary for individuals on the autism spectrum to benefit from this increased interaction. Read More

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December 2020

Digest.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 4:1-3. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Humboldt State University.

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December 2020

Pathways for Long-Term Physical Activity Participation for Military Veterans With a Physical Disability.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 2:1-24. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Queen's University.

A gap in knowledge exists regarding how to maintain physical activity (PA) for individuals with acquired disabilities following initial introductory experiences. The current study aimed to contribute to filling this gap by exploring the PA pathways of military veterans with a physical disability, particularly those who maintain long-term PA, from impairment to the present. Veterans with a physical disability (N = 18) participated in interviews exploring their PA history and experiences. Read More

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December 2020

Clinical Validity of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 in Children With Disabilities from the U.S. National Normative Sample.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Dec 3:1-17. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Augusta University.

The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) measures fundamental motor skills competency and is frequently used for eligibility determination of adapted physical education services in children with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to determine if the TGMD-3 is clinically sensitive to detect deficits in the fundamental motor skills of children with disabilities (i.e. Read More

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December 2020

ICF: A Hands-on Approach for Clinicians and Families.

Authors:
Kwok Ng

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Nov 23:1-3. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

University of Eastern Finland, Finland.

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November 2020

Reverse Integration in Wheelchair Basketball: Stakeholders' Understanding in Elite and Recreational Sporting Communities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Nov 18:1-18. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

University of the Sunshine Coast.

Wheelchair basketball (WCBB) often includes reverse integration (RI), defined as the inclusion of athletes without impairment in a sport traditionally aimed at athletes with an impairment. This study explored how RI in WCBB was understood by internal stakeholders. Data were gathered from athletes, coaches, and administrators at an Australian club competition and at a Canadian elite training center. Read More

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November 2020

Do Handcycling Time-Trial Velocities Achieved by Para-Cycling Athletes Vary Across Handcycling Classes?

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Oct 6;37(4):461-480. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Swedish School of Sport.

The classification system for handcycling groups athletes into five hierarchical classes, based on how much their impairment affects performance. Athletes in class H5, with the least impairments, compete in a kneeling position, while athletes in classes H1 to H4 compete in a recumbent position. This study investigated the average time-trial velocity of athletes in different classes. Read More

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October 2020

Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Executive Function in Children With and Without Learning Disability: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Sep 30;37(4):404-422. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

University of Taipei.

This study examined the effects of acute aerobic exercise on sustained attention and discriminatory ability of children with and without learning disabilities (LD). Fifty-one children with LD and 49 typically developing children were randomly assigned to exercise or control groups. The participants in the exercise groups performed a 30-min session of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, whereas the control groups watched a running/exercise-related video. Read More

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September 2020

Development and Cross-Validation of a Prediction Equation for Estimating Percentage Body Fat From Body Mass Index in Young People With Intellectual Disability.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2020 Sep 30;37(4):481-497. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

University of Campinas.

The purpose of this study was to develop and cross-validate an equation for estimating percentage body fat (%BF) from body mass index and other potential independent variables among young persons with intellectual disability. Participants were 128 persons with intellectual disability (62 women; age 16-24 years) split between development (n = 98) and cross-validation (n = 30) samples. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry served as the reference method for %BF. Read More

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September 2020