445 results match your criteria Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly[Journal]


Absent, Incapable, and "Normal": Understanding the Inclusiveness of Visually Impaired Students' Experiences in Integrated Physical Education.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 May 12:1-22. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Human Movement Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA,USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine the inclusiveness of visually impaired youths' experiences in integrated physical education. An experiential qualitative research approach was utilized, and 22 visually impaired youth (age 12-17 years) acted as participants. Data sources included one-on-one Zoom interviews, written responses to long-answer prompts, and reflexive interview notes. Read More

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Medicalization of Exercise Through Vigilance, Productivity, and Self-Care: A Secondary Data Analysis of Qualitative Interviews Among Those With Multiple Sclerosis.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Apr 26:1-25. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL,USA.

Exercise is becoming more integrated into the management of multiple sclerosis (MS) and is promoted to manage impairments and symptoms. Whereas extensive research outlines factors impacting participation, less is known regarding how medicalized exercise promotion might impact views of exercise and self. We conducted a secondary data analysis to understand how medicalized exercise-promotion paradigms impact the meaning and roles of exercise among those with MS. Read More

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Exploring the Relationship Between Quality and Quantity of Physical Activity Participation in Community-Based Exercise Programs for Persons With Physical Disabilities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Apr 20:1-19. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

School of Kinesiology & Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON,Canada.

Community-based exercise programs for persons with disabilities promote greater quantity of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) participation among their members, perhaps because of the quality experiences fostered by the program. This study aimed to explore the relationship between quality and quantity of physical activity participation in the context of community-based exercise programming and the role that gender plays in this relationship. Adults with physical disabilities (N = 91; Mage = 55, 49 men) from three community-based exercise programs across Canada completed a survey asking about quality participation (Measure of Experiential Aspects of Participation [MeEAP]) and LTPA. Read More

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Does Symptom Severity Moderate the Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Motor Competence in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders? An Exploratory Study.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Apr 13:1-15. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI,USA.

To date, there has been little research considering both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom severity and motor impairment simultaneously when investigating their associations with obesity. This study was designed to identify the moderating role of symptom severity in the relationship between motor competence and overweight/obesity for children with ASD. Seventy-eight children with a clinical diagnosis were recruited from a large autism rehabilitation center in Wuhan, China. Read More

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Comparison of Physical Activity Between Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Apr 11:1-26. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

School of Health & Kinesiology, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE,USA.

Lower levels of physical activity (PA) are often observed among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to children without ASD; however, some studies have demonstrated few to no PA differences between the two groups. The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to compare the differences in PA between children (2-18 years) with and without ASD. An exhaustive search of five online databases was completed, and 31 studies met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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A Model of Perfectionism, Moral Disengagement, Altruism, and Antisocial and Prosocial Behaviors in Wheelchair Athletes.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Mar 18:1-18. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI,USA.

Two forms of perfectionism were examined in the present study to see whether they predicted prosocial and antisocial behaviors in sport through moral disengagement and altruism in a sample of 327 wheelchair basketball and rugby athletes (M = 33.57 years, SD = 10.51; 83% male). Read More

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A Feasibility Trial for Virtual Administration of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Mar 18:1-10. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

The Test of Gross Motor Development-3 is one of the most popular assessment tools in physical education and physical activity settings. It is a valid assessment originally designed to administer in-person, but the virtual administration of the assessment has yet to be deemed feasible. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the trial feasibility of virtual data collection using the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 to assess the fundamental motor skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. Read More

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Three Simulated Goalball Games in the Same Day Cause Central Fatigue and Can Impair Game Technical Performance.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Mar 14:1-18. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

School of Physical Education and Sport of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto,Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of three simulated goalball games on neuromuscular, physiological, perceptual, and technical parameters. Ten male players underwent assessments before and immediately after each game. Heart rate was recorded at rest and during all games that were entirely filmed for further technical performance analysis. Read More

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"They're Either Going to Find Ways to Include You or They're Just Kind of Not": Experiences of Students With Orthopedic Impairments in Integrated Physical Education.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Mar 14:1-20. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA,USA.

This study explored the experiences of students with orthopedic impairments in integrated physical education (PE) classes. An interpretative phenomenological analysis research approach was used, and six students with orthopedic impairments (age = 10-14 years) served as participants. Data sources were semistructured, audiotaped interviews and reflective interview notes. Read More

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The Gatekeepers to Fitness: A Correspondence Study to Examine Disabling Practices Among Fitness Center Personnel.

Authors:
Sean Healy

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 22;39(2):214-229. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

School of Nursing, Psychotherapy & Community Health, Dublin City University, Dublin,Ireland.

Fitness centers may be an ideal setting for physical activity, yet qualitative findings suggest social-level barriers constrain access for people with disabilities. To further test this, I employed an online message correspondence study to investigate the effect of impairment status on the responsiveness of a national sample of fitness centers to requests for services. Email requests were sent to 800 fitness centers, of which 200 were tailored to each of the four investigative conditions (i. Read More

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Addressing Trauma in Adaptive Physical Activity: A Call to Reflection and Action.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 1;39(2):141-159. Epub 2022 Jan 1.

Trauma is pervasive, embodied, and can be perpetrated or perpetuated by researchers, educators, and practitioners, including those within adaptive physical activity (APA). In this article, we highlight the need to address trauma within APA as a matter of access and justice. We share various conceptualizations of trauma from psychiatric, embodied, anti-pathologizing, and sociopolitical perspectives. Read More

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COVID-19 Pandemic and Individuals With Intellectual Disability: Special Olympics as an Example of Organizational Responses and Challenges.

Authors:
Viviene A Temple

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Jan 20:1-18. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

The COVID-19 pandemic is a worldwide crisis. It has been, and is, an extreme challenge for our health care and prevention systems, and for society as a whole. Among many facets of life, physical activity and sport has been heavily impacted. Read More

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January 2022

Effect of Yoga on the Motor Proficiency of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Feasibility of its Inclusion in Special School Environments.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 19;39(2):247-267. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Yoga as a movement-based intervention is increasingly considered to improve the motor skills of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is little evidence of the effect of yoga on their motor skills. The current study aims to explore the effect of group yoga program on motor proficiency of children with ASD and feasibility of its inclusion in special schools. Read More

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Physical Educators' Qualifications and Instructional Practices Toward Students With Disabilities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 18;39(2):230-246. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Department of Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Performance, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC,USA.

The purposes of this study were (a) to investigate the prevalence of physical educators who report delivering high-quality instructional practices to students with disabilities and (b) to examine the relationships between teachers' qualifications and the delivery of high-quality instructional practices. A secondary analysis using data from the School Health Policy and Practice Study 2014 data set was employed. The analytic sample included 256 physical educators who taught students with disabilities. Read More

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Digest.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 Jan 11;39(1):139-140. Epub 2021 Dec 11.

Humboldt State University, USA.

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January 2022

The Effects of an Integrative, Universally Designed Motor Skill Intervention for Young Children With and Without Disabilities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 13;39(2):179-196. Epub 2021 Nov 13.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC,USA.

Many interventions feature a singular component approach to targeting children's motor competency and proficiency. Yet, little is known about the use of integrative interventions to meet the complex developmental needs of children aged 3-6 years. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an integrative universally designed intervention on children with and without disabilities' motor competency and proficiency. Read More

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Supplementation and Performance for Wheelchair Athletes: A Systematic Review.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 10;39(2):268-282. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Laboratory of Adapted Physical Activity, Federal University of Pará, Belém,Brazil.

This systematic review aimed to identify nutritional interventions and supplements that improve the performance for wheelchair athletes. Intervention trials involving high-performance wheelchair athletes were analyzed, including those that comprised a nutritional intervention, defined as any intervention related to food, beverages, and supplementation aiming at evaluating the performance of wheelchair athletes. Of the included studies, four evaluated caffeine supplementation, of which one also evaluated sodium citrate supplementation; two studies evaluated vitamin D supplementation; one study assessed creatine monohydrate supplementation; and one assessed carbohydrate supplementation. Read More

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Pathways in Paralympic Sport: An In-Depth Analysis of Athletes' Developmental Trajectories and Training Histories.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 01 10;39(1):37-85. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, ON,Canada.

This three-part investigation conducted a comprehensive analysis of 213 Australian and Canadian athletes' developmental trajectories, training histories, and experiences in organized sports from 18 Paralympic sports (PS). While athletes with early-onset impairments (i.e. Read More

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January 2022

Rhythm and Reaching: The Influence of Rhythmic Auditory Cueing in a Goal-Directed Reaching Task With Adults Diagnosed With Cerebral Palsy.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 01 5;39(1):1-16. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

University of Manitoba.

Improvements in functional reaching directly support improvements in independence. The addition of auditory inputs (e.g. Read More

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January 2022

Quality of Participation Experiences in Special Olympics Sports Programs.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 01 5;39(1):17-36. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Special Olympics Ontario.

This cross-sectional study examined experiential elements facilitating quality sport experiences for youth (ages 12-24 years) in Special Olympics, and the associated influences of sport program and sociodemographic characteristics. A total of 451 athletes involved in the 2019 Special Olympics Youth Games completed a survey assessing elements of quality participation (autonomy, belongingness, challenge, engagement, mastery, and meaning). The t tests investigated whether athletes with intellectual and developmental disabilities rated elements differently across Traditional and Unified Sport programs. Read More

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January 2022

Parent-Reported Motivators and Barriers to Participation in a Community-Based Intervention Designed for Children With Motor Skill Difficulties: A Qualitative Program Evaluation.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 01 5;39(1):109-128. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX,USA.

Introduction: Parents play a critical role in their child's participation in community-based intervention programs. Yet, their perspectives remain largely overlooked in the literature. This qualitative program evaluation used social cognitive theory to understand parents' motivators and barriers to participation in a community-based intervention program designed for children with motor skill difficulties. Read More

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January 2022

Experiences of Playing Volt Hockey With Focus on Well-Being According to Positive Emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, Achievement: An Interview Study.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 5;39(2):160-178. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Faculty of Health and Society, Department of Care Science, Malmö University, Malmö,Sweden.

Volt hockey is a team sport developed for persons with physical disabilities, but its influence on well-being is unknown. Elements of well-being have been described as positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, and achievement constituting a theoretical framework referred to as PERMA. The purpose of this study was to describe how well-being according to PERMA is reflected in the experiences of playing volt hockey. Read More

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Evidence-Based Classification in Powerchair Football: Determining the Determinants.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 04 5;39(2):197-213. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Office of Institutional Research and Institutional Effectiveness, Emory & Henry College, Emory, VA,USA.

The purpose of this study was to initiate the development of an evidence-based sport classification system for powerchair football, a sport that serves athletes with physical impairments. Sport classification is designed to increase participation by minimizing the impact of impairment on competition outcome, and powerchair football lacks an evidence-based system of classification which is required of Paralympic sports. A number of approaches were used to build the theoretical model of sport performance (Step 2 of the International Paralympic Committee model). Read More

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Attitudes Toward People With Intellectual Disability Associated With Integrated Sport Participation.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 01 2;39(1):86-108. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON,Canada.

Direct, meaningful contact with people with intellectual disability, such as through integrated sport, may be related to positive attitudes. The current study aimed to compare implicit (unconscious) and explicit (conscious) attitudes between adults involved in integrated sport events and those in a comparison group who were not and examine the association between attitudes and degree of integrated sport involvement. An online survey measuring attitudes was completed by 295 adults without intellectual disability who participated in integrated sport activities and 450 adults who did not. Read More

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January 2022

Examining the Influence of Impairment Type on the Development of Paralympic Sport Athletes.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2022 01 2;39(1):129-138. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario,Canada.

Research has recently examined the role of impairment onset on athlete development in Paralympic sport; however, less is known on how impairment type can impact athlete sporting pathways. In this study, 187 Australian and Canadian Paralympic sport athletes completed a survey. Participants were divided into the following four groups: impaired muscle power (n = 79); ataxia, athetosis, and hypertonia (n = 44); limb deficiencies (n = 42); and other physical impairments (n = 22). Read More

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January 2022

Digest.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Oct 17;38(4):713-714. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Humboldt State University, USA.

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October 2021

Singing and Dancing With Neuromuscular Conditions: A Mixed-Methods Study.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 10 3;38(4):681-701. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

University of Alberta.

The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and meaningfulness of a 15-week recreational dance and singing program for people with neuromuscular conditions. Within a transformative mixed-methods design, pulmonary function tests, plethysmography through wearable technology (Hexoskin vests), individualized neuromuscular quality-of-life assessments (version 2.0), and semistructured interviews were used. Read More

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October 2021

An Exploratory Assessment of Sociocultural Attitudes and Appearance Comparison Among Athletes With Physical Disabilities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 10 27;38(4):702-710. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

This study aimed to assess the internalization of sociocultural attitudes and appearance comparison among U.S. athletes with physical disabilities. Read More

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October 2021

Adapted Physical Education Teachers' Job Satisfaction.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 10 27;38(4):661-680. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Sam Houston State University.

Grounded in occupational socialization theory, the authors examined adapted physical education (APE) teachers' job satisfaction. Twelve (nine female and three male) APE teachers who had 3-43 years of teaching experience participated in the study. A semistructured interview was employed. Read More

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October 2021

Movement and Visual Impairment: Research Across Disciplines, 1st Edition.

Authors:
Martin Giese

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2021 Oct 27;38(4):711-712. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Heidelberg University of Education, Germany.

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October 2021