12,117 results match your criteria Ad Hoc & Sensor Wireless Networks[Journal]


Assessment of analgesia, sedation, physical restraint and delirium in patients admitted to Spanish intensive care units. Proyecto ASCyD.

Enferm Intensiva 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Grupo de Trabajo de Analgesia, Sedación, Contenciones y Delirio de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias (GT-ASCyD-SEEIUC), España; Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Puerta de Hierro-Segovia de Arana (IDIPHISA), Majadahonda, Madrid, España.

Aims: Main aim: To determine the Spanish intensive care units (ICU) that assess and record pain levels, sedation/agitation, delirium and the use of physical restraint (PR) as standard practice. Secondary aims: To determine the use of validated assessment tools and to explore patients' levels of pain and sedation/agitation, the prevalence of delirium, and the use of PR.

Method: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, prospective and multicentre study using an ad hoc survey with online access that consisted of 2 blocks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enfi.2018.11.002DOI Listing

Just Another Level? Comparing Quantitative Patterns of Global Expansion of School and Higher Education Attainment.

Demography 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Management, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

The expansion of higher education enrollment and attainment is a key uncertainty in the education profile of future populations. Many studies have examined cross-national determinants of higher education expansion as well the understanding of expansion through the relationship between higher education and the labor market. Early work established a typology for levels of enrollment, but recent empirical studies on the global growth of higher education attainment are scarce, and available projections resort to imposing ad hoc limits on future expansion. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-019-00775-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00775-5DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs) are essential in sport: but there is room for improvement.

Authors:
Ken Fitch

Br J Sports Med 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Faculty of Human Sciences-Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia

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http://bjsm.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100113DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Travel Route Planning with Optimal Coverage in Difficult Wireless Sensor Network Environment.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Liberal Arts & Convergence Studies, Honam University, Gwangju 622623624, Korea.

In recent years, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been widely applied to sense the physical environment, especially some difficult environment due to their ad-hoc nature with self-organization and local collaboration characteristics. Meanwhile, the rapid development of intelligent vehicles makes it possible to adopt mobile devices to collect information in WSNs. Although network performance can be greatly improved by those mobile devices, it is difficult to plan a reasonable travel route for efficient data gathering. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/8/1838
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081838DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Theoretical foundation of detrending methods for fluctuation analysis such as detrended fluctuation analysis and detrending moving average.

Phys Rev E 2019 Mar;99(3-1):033305

Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Nöthnitzer Straße 38, 01187 Dresden, Germany.

We present a bottom-up derivation of fluctuation analysis with detrending for the detection of long-range correlations in the presence of additive trends or intrinsic nonstationarities. While the well-known detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) and detrending moving average (DMA) were introduced ad hoc, we claim basic principles for such methods where DFA and DMA are then shown to be specific realizations. The mean-squared displacement of the summed time series contains the same information about long-range correlations as the autocorrelation function but has much better statistical properties for large time lags. Read More

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https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033305
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033305DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Extraction of reliable molecular information from diffusion NMR spectroscopy: hydrodynamic volume or molecular mass?

Chemistry 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Università di Perugia, ITALY.

Measuring accurate translational self-diffusion coefficients (Dt) by NMR with modern spectrometers has become rather routine. On the contrary, the derivation of reliable molecular information therefrom still remains a non-trivial task. In this paper, two established approaches to estimate molecular size in terms of hydrodynamic volume (VH) or molecular weight (MW) are compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201900812DOI Listing

Surface Functionalization of Grown-on-Tip ZnO Nanopyramids: From Fabrication to Light-Triggered Applications.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

CNR-ICMATE and INSTM, Department of Chemical Sciences , Padova University , 35131 Padova , Italy.

We report on a combined chemical vapor deposition (CVD)/radio frequency (RF) sputtering synthetic strategy for the controlled surface modification of ZnO nanostructures by Ti-containing species. Specifically, the proposed approach consists in the CVD of grown-on-tip ZnO nanopyramids, followed by titanium RF sputtering under mild conditions. The results obtained by a thorough characterization demonstrate the successful ZnO surface functionalization with dispersed Ti-containing species in low amounts. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.8b22744
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b22744DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Borders Without Enough Doctors: El Paso Physicians Volunteer Care for Asylum-Seekers.

Authors:
Sean Price

Tex Med 2019 Apr 1;115(4):30-37. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Dr. Gutierrez is part of a small group of El Paso physicians who provide volunteer medical care at the city's 18 shelters for asylum-seekers entering the United States through the Texas border. What started in October 2018 as a local, ad hoc way to address health care needs among the steady stream of immigrants is gradually turning into a statewide - even national - network of volunteer physicians. Read More

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Entrustment Ratings in Internal Medicine Training: Capturing Meaningful Supervision Decisions or Just Another Rating?

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, Canada.

The implementation of Entrustable Professional Activities has led to the simultaneous development of assessment based on a supervisor's entrustment of a learner to perform these activities without supervision. While entrustment may be intuitive when we consider the direct observation of a procedural task, the current implementation of rating scales for internal medicine's non-procedural tasks, based on entrustability, may not translate into meaningful learner assessment. In these Perspectives, we outline a number of potential concerns with ad hoc entrustability assessments in internal medicine post-graduate training: differences in the scope of procedural vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04878-yDOI Listing

Discovering novel mutation signatures by latent Dirichlet allocation with variational Bayes inference.

Bioinformatics 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Electrical Engineering and Bioscience, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University.

Background: A cancer genome includes many mutations derived from various mutagens and mutational processes, leading to specific mutation patterns. It is known that each mutational process leads to characteristic mutations, and when a mutational process has preferences for mutations, this situation is called a "mutation signature." Identification of mutation signatures is an important task for elucidation of carcinogenic mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btz266DOI Listing

Work Related Violence As A Predictor Of Stress And Correlated Disorders In Emergency Department Healthcare Professionals.

Clin Ter 2019 Mar-Apr;170(2):e110-e123

Department of Neurology and Psychiatry University of Rome Sapienza.

Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency, type, causes and consequences of violence and aggression experienced by Emergency Department workers during their interactions with patient, their relatives or companions and whether the phenomenon of violence at work is a specific risk factor predicting stress and possible stress related pathologies in emergency health workers. The study proposes a model of effective intervention for the prevention and management of violence and stress.

Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed with a sample of 323 healthcare workers at Department of Emergency and Acceptance of Level II and the Psychiatric Services of Diagnosis and Care of the University Hospital Policlinico Umberto I, in Rome, Italy, between June 2016 and February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7417/CT.2019.2120DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Analysis of the Relationship between Turning Signal Detection and Motorcycle Driver's Characteristics on Urban Roads; A Case Study.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering-DICAM, University of Bologna, viale del Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy.

The investigations on the effectiveness of the turn signal in motorcyclists understanding of motorists' potential intentions in potentially dangerous car-motorcycle interactions and on the relationships among some variables that could influence the perception of rear and front turn signal status are examined in this paper. The investigations have been based on data pooled from the answers of a survey of 136 motorcycle riders, with special regards to the correct detection of turning indicators. Experimental videos have been realized during in-situ simulations, both in urban and suburban areas, recording vehicular interactions in three-leg road intersections, able to potentially generate crash risks, through a 360-camera mounted on a motorcyclist's helmet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081802DOI Listing

A Comprehensive Analysis of Deep Regression.

IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Deep learning revolutionized data science, and recently its popularity has grown exponentially, as did the amount of papers employing deep networks. Vision tasks, such as human pose estimation, did not escape from this trend. There is a large number of deep models, where small changes in the network architecture, or in the data pre-processing, together with the stochastic nature of the optimization procedures, produce notably different results, making extremely difficult to sift methods that significantly outperform others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2019.2910523DOI Listing

Wearable System for Biosignal Acquisition and Monitoring Based on Reconfigurable Technologies.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;19(7). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Ejército de Tierra, 18010 Granada, Spain.

Wearable monitoring devices are now a usual commodity in the market, especially for the monitoring of sports and physical activity. However, specialized wearable devices remain an open field for high-risk professionals, such as military personnel, fire and rescue, law enforcement, etc. In this work, a prototype wearable instrument, based on reconfigurable technologies and capable of monitoring electrocardiogram, oxygen saturation, and motion, is presented. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/7/1590
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19071590DOI Listing
April 2019
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Addressing Interpersonal Violence as a Health Policy Question Using Interprofessional Community Educators.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Dec 9;12:10516. Epub 2016 Dec 9.

Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine.

Introduction: The health effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) not only include physical injury, but can also manifest as posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and others. US medical students report receiving inadequate training about IPV. This case-based tutorial for third-year medical students examines: (1) a clinical encounter with a patient experiencing several complex challenges including IPV and homelessness; (2) the implications of existing policy on the delivery of health care services; and (3) the impact of policies on patient choices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440420PMC
December 2016
1 Read

Greetings from foodland: Teaching biochemistry to BS students in food-related courses in Italy.

Biochem Mol Biol Educ 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Food, Environmental, and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Biochemistry has always been a mandatory topic within BS courses aimed at food science students at the University of Milan, namely: Food Science & Technology and Catering Sciences. Addressing biochemistry topics in this peculiar setting requires: (i) specific focus on topics that are seldom considered in courses offered in bio-medical curricula; (ii) close integration with other area disciplines, such as food biotechnology; (iii) ad hoc design of laboratory classes; and (iv) an array of elective courses covering specific aspects of biochemistry. In this context, for example, protein chemistry is presented by using food proteins of known structure and discussed in terms of structural features in the raw materials and of structural and chemical modifications occurring upon processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmb.21245DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Photochromic Azobenzene Peptidomimetic of a β-Turn Model Peptide Structure as a Conformational Switch.

Front Chem 2019 29;7:180. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Laboratory of Peptide and Protein Chemistry and Biology (PeptLab), Sesto Fiorentino, Italy.

The insertion of azobenzene moiety in complex molecular protein or peptide systems can lead to molecular switches to be used to determine kinetics of folding/unfolding properties of secondary structures, such as α-helix, β-turn, or β-hairpin. In fact, in azobenzene, absorption of light induces a reversible trans ↔ cis isomerization, which in turns generates a strain or a structure relaxation in the chain that causes peptide folding/unfolding. In particular azobenzene may permit reversible conformational control of hairpin formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449423PMC

Stereocomplexation of Poly(Lactic Acid)s on Graphite Nanoplatelets: From Functionalized Nanoparticles to Self-assembled Nanostructures.

Front Chem 2019 29;7:176. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Dipartimento di Scienza Applicata e Tecnologia, Sede di Alessandria, Politecnico di Torino, Alessandria, Italy.

The control of nanostructuration of graphene and graphene related materials (GRM) into self-assembled structures is strictly related to the nanoflakes chemical functionalization, which may be obtained via covalent grafting of non-covalent interactions, mostly exploiting π-stacking. As the non-covalent functionalization does not affect the sp carbon structure, this is often exploited to preserve the thermal and electrical properties of the GRM and it is a well-known route to tailor the interaction between GRM and organic media. In this work, non-covalent functionalization of graphite nanoplatelets (GnP) was carried out with synthesized pyrene-terminated oligomers of polylactic acid (PLA), aiming at the modification of GnP nanopapers thermal properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450084PMC

Underfifty Women and Breast Cancer: Narrative Markers of Meaning-Making in Traumatic Experience.

Front Psychol 2019 26;10:618. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Breast Surgery, National Cancer Institute G. Pascale Foundation (IRCCS), Naples, Italy.

A diagnosis of breast cancer is considered a potential traumatic event associated with physical and psychological effects. In literature, an exploration of breast cancer experience in young women is lacking, able to shed light on the narrative processes of meaning-making of the experience in specific phases of treatment, as may be the initial impact with the onset of the cancer. Meaning-making processes are determinant aspects when dealing with traumatic events. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00618
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448035PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

[Psychological Assessment of a sample of women with ADPKD: quality of life, body image, anxiety and depression].

G Ital Nefrol 2019 Apr;36(2)

Primario Servizio di Psicologia Clinica e della Salute, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milano, Italia; Università Vita Salute San Raffale, Milano, Italia.

Introduction: The Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a chronic renal disease that has not yet been the subject of psychological research. There are only a few studies related to the consequences and complications of this pathology on female patients, although women affected by this disease present serious problems.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to perform a psychological assessment (quality of life, anxiety, depression, body image) on a sample of 37 women with ADPKD. Read More

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April 2019
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A Genomic Analysis Workflow for Colorectal Cancer Precision Oncology.

Clin Colorectal Cancer 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Candiolo Cancer Institute, FPO-IRCCS, Candiolo (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Department of Oncology, Candiolo (TO), Italy. Electronic address:

Background: The diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is routinely accomplished through histopathologic examination. Prognostic information and treatment decisions are mainly determined by TNM classification, first defined in 1968. In the last decade, patient-specific CRC genomic landscapes were shown to provide important prognostic and predictive information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clcc.2019.02.008DOI Listing

[Professional policies: a qualitative study of perceptions and opinions of professionals nurses/midwives and students attending the Master of Science in Nursing].

Prof Inferm 2018 Oct-Dec;71(4):221-231

PhD, sociologo, Docente a contratto di Sociologia dei processi economici e del lavoro e di Metodi e tecniche per la ricerca sociale qualitativa presso l'UCSC, sede di Roma.

Introduction: Politics, the science and the art of administering public affairs, is a very important field. Dealing with professional policy means to dedicate ourselves to the good of the profession. Professional policies are an integral part of taking care; the professional family needs clear reference points: training, tutoring, promotion and institutional representation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7429/pi.2018.714221DOI Listing

Autograft immune content and survival in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: A post hoc analysis.

Leuk Res 2019 Apr 4;81:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. SW, Rochester, MN 55905, United States; Department of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic 200 First St. SW, Rochester, MN, 55905.

The infusion of autograft absolute lymphocyte and monocyte counts affect survival in patients undergoing autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APHSCT). However, the specific autograft immune effector cells affecting survival post-APHSCT are unknown. Thus, we performed an ad hoc analysis from our published double-blind, randomized phase III clinical trial in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients, looking at the infused autograft immune effector cells and their relationship with clinical outcomes post-APHSCT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2019.03.009DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

The Danish Scale for visual rating of massive weight loss body contours. Conceptualization and construct.

J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2019 Apr 12:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

b Printzlau Private Hospital , Appointed Centre for Public Massive Weight Loss Plastic Surgery, Virum , Denmark.

The 'Danish Scale' (DS) is a visual rating scale of massive weight loss body contour deformities and excessive skin in female MWL-patients with current BMI < 30 kg/m and massive weight loss defined as BMI loss (delta-BMI) > 15 kg/m, regardless of weight loss method. The scope of the scale is to simplify the reporting of objective findings by a three-step grading of minor, moderate and severe body contour changes in six different body regions: breasts, abdomen, upper back, buttocks, arms and legs. The DS is presented with descriptions of the conceptualization and construct of the scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2000656X.2019.1581790DOI Listing

Effect of segmentation from different diffusive metric maps on diffusion tensor imaging analysis of the cervical spinal cord.

Authors:
Richu Jin Yong Hu

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2019 Feb;9(2):292-303

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Segmentation is a crucial and necessary step in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis of the cervical spinal cord. In existing studies, different diffusive metric maps [B0, fractional anisotropy (FA) and axial diffusivity (AD) maps] have been involved in the segmentation of tissues of the cervical spinal cord. The selection of a diffusive metric map for segmentation may affect the accuracy of segmentation and then affect the validity and effectiveness of the extracted diffusive features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/qims.2019.02.08DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414772PMC
February 2019

Reducing the Use of ad hoc Interpreters at a Safety-Net Health Care System.

Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Background: Providing effective communication assistance is critical to ensuring that patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) receive safe and high-quality health care services. Health care providers often use ad hoc interpreters such as patients' family members or friends to communicate with LEP patients; however, this practice presents risks to communication accuracy, patient safety, quality of care, and privacy.

Methods: Cambridge Health Alliance (CHA) undertook a quality improvement (QI) initiative to reduce the use of patients' family members and friends as interpreters during clinical encounters. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15537250183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjq.2019.01.004DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Ranked Sense Multiple Access Control Protocol for Multichannel Cognitive Radio-Based IoT Networks.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 10;19(7). Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea.

The widespread growth of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) and its dependence on the license-exempt Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) bands have made spectrum resources scarce. IoT can nonetheless get advantage from the Cognitive Radio (CR) technology to resolve the spectrum shortage issue. Since in CR networks the unlicensed Secondary Users (SUs) can exploit the white spaces in licensed channels of Primary Users (PUs) opportunistically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19071703DOI Listing

Estimating contributions of vehicular emissions to PM in a roadside environment: A multiple approach study.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 1;672:776-788. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Division of Environment & Sustainability, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong; Department of Chemistry, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Vehicular emissions (VE) are among the major sources of airborne fine particulate matter (PM) in urban atmospheres, which adversely impact the environment and public health. Receptor models are widely used for estimating PM source contributions from VE (PM), but often give inconsistent results due to different modelling principles and assumptions. During December 2015-May 2017, we collected nine-months of hourly organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) data, as well as 24-h PM speciation data including major species and organic tracers on select days from an ad hoc roadside site in Hong Kong. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.463DOI Listing
April 2019
4.099 Impact Factor

[Immigrants in the Spanish public healthcare system:participative and general healthcare matters].

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2019 Apr 12;93. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Toledo. España.

Objective: Citizens should be involved in the public healthcare decision making process in an active manner through participation mechanisms. The objective of this study was to identify those participative processes within the Spanish public healthcare system were immigrants are involved, observe the differences between some processes and others, as well as propose proposals for improvement.

Methods: A quantitative and qualitative methodology was used, using the techniques of the questionnaire and the documentary analysis. Read More

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Dynamic multi-outcome prediction after injury: Applying adaptive machine learning for precision medicine in trauma.

PLoS One 2019 10;14(4):e0213836. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Denver Health Medical Center and the University of Colorado; Denver, Colorado, United States of America.

Objective: Machine learning techniques have demonstrated superior discrimination compared to conventional statistical approaches in predicting trauma death. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether machine learning algorithms can be used to assess risk and dynamically identify patient-specific modifiable factors critical to patient trajectory for multiple key outcomes after severe injury.

Methods: SuperLearner, an ensemble machine-learning algorithm, was applied to prospective observational cohort data from 1494 critically-injured patients. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213836PLOS
April 2019
2 Reads

Identikit of the Umbrian traveller: analysis of clinical activity in a travel medicine unit, Italy.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):63-67

Unità Sanitaria Locale Umbria 1, Dipartimento di Prevenzione, Unità di Medicina dei Viaggi, Perugia, Italy.

A travel medicine clinic is the proper medical centre aimed to provide updated recommendations before any journey. The study aim was to assess the number of accesses during 2016 at the Travel Medicine Clinic of the Local Health Unit in the Umbria Region. An electronic ad hoc database was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_12DOI Listing

Risks and risk management in modern multiple sclerosis immunotherapeutic treatment.

Ther Adv Neurol Disord 2019 1;12:1756286419836571. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Neurology with Institute of Translational Neurology, University of Münster, Building A1, Albert Schweitzer Campus 1, 48149 Münster, Germany.

In recent years, there has been a paradigm shift in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) owing to the approval of a number of new drugs with very distinct mechanisms of action. All approved disease-modifying drugs primarily work directly on the immune system. However, the identification of an 'optimal choice' for individual patients with regard to treatment efficacy, treatment adherence and side-effect profile has become increasingly complex including conceptual as well as practical considerations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1756286419836571DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444778PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

A database seed for a community-driven material intensity research platform.

Sci Data 2019 Apr 9;6(1):23. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06511, USA.

The data record contains Material Intensity data for buildings (MI). MI coefficients are often used for different types of analysis of socio-economic systems and in particular for environmental assessments. Until now, MI values were compiled and reported ad-hoc with few cross-study comparisons. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41597-019-0021-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0021-xDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Better than expected: the influence of option expectations during decision-making.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 Dec;285(1893):20182472

2 The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL , 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG , UK.

Our choices often arise from a consideration of options presented in a sequence (e.g. the products in a supermarket row). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304046PMC
December 2018

Observational Prospective Study to Determine the Evolution of the Symptomatic Profile of Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients and Its Relation to the Control of the Disease.

Adv Ther 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain.

Objective: To evaluate the evolution of disease-related symptoms and its relationship with the control of the disease in first-line treatment in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: This was an observational, prospective, national and multicentre study with two visits in which the following were collected: (1) baseline visit: sociodemographic and clinical variables (2) visit after completing the 4-6 chemotherapy cycles: criteria for ending treatment, control of the disease and clinical variables. Ad hoc questionnaires were collected to assess the frequency of symptoms (evaluated by the patient), and quality-of-life questionnaires to assess the intensity of symptoms (using the Lung Cancer Symptom Scale, LCSS), and interference in the patient's daily life, assessed by the patient and by the investigator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-019-00931-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Working memory in posterior cortical atrophy.

Neurol Sci 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

INSERM U 1127, CNRS UMR 7225, Institut du cerveau et de la moelle épinière (ICM), Sorbonne Université, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.

We used an ad hoc created neuropsychological battery to evaluate in details both verbal and visuospatial working memory (WM) in patients with posterior cortical atrophy (PCA, n = 5). PCA is a rare, early-onset neurodegenerative dementia, often due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Clinically, PCA patients present with visual, visuospatial, and visuomotor deficits, and no memory complaints. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10072-019-03869-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-03869-5DOI Listing
April 2019
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Encapsulated functionalized stereocomplex PLA particles: An effective system to support mucolytic enzymes.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2019 Apr 1;179:190-198. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Genoa, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146, Genoa, Italy. Electronic address:

In this work, the preparation of a novel enzyme carrier based on a polymer multicomponent system was assessed. Indeed, the design of the above system considered several issues that are the need of applying a biodegradable polymer carrier, characterized by a nanometric dimension, thus suitable to diffuse into the dense mucus structure, with functionalities capable of interacting/reacting with enzymes but resistant to enzymatic degradation. The particles were prepared from solutions containing equimolar amount of high-molecular-weight poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and poly(D-lactide) (PDLA) and by applying the nanoprecipitation method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2019.03.071DOI Listing
April 2019
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Homocysteine Status Modifies the Treatment Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cognition in a Randomized Clinical Trial in Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease: The OmegAD Study.

J Alzheimers Dis 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.

Background: Trials of supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids (ω3-FAs) in patients with mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease (AD) have given inconsistent effects on cognitive decline. There is evidence of an interaction between B vitamin status and ω3-FAs in relation to brain atrophy and cognitive decline.

Objective: We investigated whether baseline levels of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), a marker of B vitamin status, modify the effects of ω3-FAs supplementation on cognitive performance in moderate AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-181148DOI Listing
April 2019
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4.151 Impact Factor

D-Cycloserine Improves Difficult Discriminations in a Pattern Separation Task in Alzheimer's Disease Patients with Dementia.

J Alzheimers Dis 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Bracket LLC, Boston, MA, USA.

Recent fMRI studies in human identified that pattern separation ability is associated with increased activity in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), whereas no such DG changes are seen during pattern completion. Disruption to neurogenesis in the DG has been associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In a post-hoc analysis of two large unsuccessful AD clinical trials, we examined the effect of D-cycloserine (DCS) on a specific object pattern separation measure, a component of the picture recognition task from the Cognitive Drug Research (CDR) system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-181094DOI Listing
April 2019
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Ad-hoc Reviewers 2017-2018.

Authors:

Psychother Res 2018 11;28(6):985-986

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2018.1502135DOI Listing
November 2018

Severe Asthma Global Evaluation (SAGE): An Electronic Platform for Severe Asthma.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Severe asthma is complex and heterogeneous; ad hoc outpatient assessment can be suboptimal. Systematic evaluation improves outcomes and is recommended by international guidelines. Electronic templates improve physician performance and clinical processes, and may be useful in severe asthma systematic evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.02.042DOI Listing
April 2019
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Treatment decision-making in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: Key factors for healthcare professionals. PRELIC study.

J Geriatr Oncol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Outcomes'10, Castellón, Spain; Departamento de Medicina, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain.

Objective: To explore the preferences of Spanish healthcare professionals (haematologists and hospital pharmacists) for the treatment selection of active Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) patients at first relapse, condition that mainly afflicts older adults.

Methods: A discrete choice experiment (DCE) was conducted among haematologists and hospital pharmacists. A literature review and a focus group informed the DCE design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgo.2019.03.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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Influence of cognitive impairment on pain assessment and management in the emergency department: A retrospective cross-sectional study.

Emerg Med Australas 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Objectives: To quantify the impact of cognitive impairment on pain assessment and management practices in the ED.

Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of patient records was conducted for all elderly patients (65 years or older) who presented to the ED of a large Western Australian tertiary hospital with a fracture because of a fall between 6 February and 14 December 2015. Of 327 records identified, 318 were suitable for data extraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13294DOI Listing

The role of 18F-FDG-PET/CT in the Diagnosis of left-sided Endocarditis: native vs. prosthetic valves endocarditis.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Infection Control Team, Heart Institute (InCor), Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Background: 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) has emerged as a useful diagnostic tool for suspected infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with prosthetic valves or implantable devices. However, there is limited evidence regarding the use of 18F-FDG-PET/CT for the diagnosis of native valve IE (NVE).

Methods: Between 2014 and 2017, 303 episodes of left-sided suspected IE (188 prosthetic valves/ascending aortic prosthesis and 115 native valves) were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz267DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Interplay Between Economic Status and Attractiveness, and the Importance of Attire in Mate Choice Judgments.

Front Psychol 2019 21;10:462. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Desirable characteristics of "opposite sex others," such as physical attractiveness and economic status, can influence how individuals are judged, and this is different for men and women. However, under various social contexts where cues of higher or lower economic status is suggested, sex differences in judgments related to mate choice have not been fully explored. In two studies, ratings of economic status and attractiveness were quantified for male and female targets that were presented under various social contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00462DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437035PMC
March 2019
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Comparison of the effects of inhalation aromatherapy using Damask Rose aroma and the Benson relaxation technique in burn patients: A randomized clinical trial.

Burns 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Statistic and Mathematics Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Burn injuries are often accompanied by painful and distressing consequences, which can lead to long-term psychological issues. The most common form of anxiety in burn patients is pain anxiety. It is described as the feeling of fear and pain prediction caused by painful procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Enhanced weight-based clustering algorithm to provide reliable delivery for VANET safety applications.

PLoS One 2019 4;14(4):e0214664. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Computing, Faculty of Science & Technology, Kampala International University, Kampala, Uganda.

A vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is an emerging and promising wireless technology aimed to improve traffic safety and provide comfort to road users. However, the high mobility of vehicles and frequent topology changes pose a considerable challenge to the reliable delivery of safety applications. Clustering is one of the control techniques used in VANET to make the frequent topology changes less dynamic. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214664PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448915PMC

[Commuting and work: health effects on an exposed occupational population].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2019 Mar;41(1):14-24

Unità Operativa Ospedaliera di Medicina del Lavoro (UOOML) - IRCCS Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri - Pavia.

Objectives: Commuting is generally described as a modern society issue; despite the relevance of this phenomenon, only few studies investigated occupational and health effects of commuting on workers exposed to it. According to the 15th census of the Italian population, in Italy about 29 millions of people (48,6% of total resident population) daily moved to reach their work. During last ten years, this number increased of about 2. Read More

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March 2019
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Coordinating Nigeria's micronutrient deficiency control programs is necessary to prevent deficiencies and toxicity risks.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Nigeria has an alarming prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies that has persisted over decades. National Micronutrient Deficiency Control (MNDC) guidelines describe several interventions to address the issue. This study identified and described currently implemented interventions, assessed coverage and coordination of the interventions, and considered the risk of overdosage and gaps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14055DOI Listing
April 2019
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