179 results match your criteria Acute Treatment of Disaster Survivors


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support may be a lifesaving modality in patients with burn and severe acute respiratory distress syndrome: Experience of Formosa Water Park dust explosion disaster in Taiwan.

Burns 2018 02 27;44(1):118-123. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been reported to improve outcomes in patients with refractory respiratory failure. These successful experiences have stimulated interest in using ECMO as a potential therapy for patients with acute pulmonary failure resulting from burn and inhalation lung injury. Current literature has supported the use of ECMO in critically-ill, pediatric burn patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03054179173037
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2017.06.013DOI Listing
February 2018
10 Reads

Clinical value of ST-segment change after return of spontaneous cardiac arrest and emergent coronary angiography in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Diagnostic and therapeutic importance of vasospastic angina.

Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2018 Aug 21;7(5):405-413. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

3 Cardiovascular Division, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan.

Background: We investigated the association between initial ST-segment change after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and the incidence of acute coronary lesions in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and clinical outcomes of patients with OHCA caused by vasospastic angina pectoris (VSA).

Methods: Among 2779 OHCA patients in our institution, all patients with ROSC underwent emergent coronary angiography (CAG) except for those with an obvious extra-cardiac cause of OHCA. Initial ST-segment changes after ROSC were reviewed, and 30-day survival and neurological outcome (Cerebral Performance Category) were evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2048872617722486DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Outcomes after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection in "non-Marfan syndrome" patients with long life expectancy: A 24-year follow-up.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jan 21;110(1):14-25. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

Service de chirurgie thoracique et cardiovasculaire, CHU Dupuytren, avenue Martin-Luther-King, 87000 Limoges, France.

Background: Long-term survival and risk of reoperation in "non-Marfan syndrome" patients with a long life expectancy who undergo emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (aTAAD) are not well known.

Aim: To analyse survival, risk of reoperation and quality of life in this population.

Methods: From 1990 to 2010, all patients aged≤50 years and not affected by Marfan syndrome, who underwent emergency surgery for aTAAD at two institutions, were included in this analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2016.05.007DOI Listing
January 2017
7 Reads

Severity Assessment and the Immediate and Long-Term Prognosis in Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2016 12 13;37(6):886-896. Epub 2016 Dec 13.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Severity assessment is a crucial step in the initial management of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). While approximately half of patients are at low risk of death and can be safely treated as outpatients, around 20% are at increased risk. While CURB-65 (confusion, respiratory rate, blood pressure, urea) and pneumonia severity index (PSI) scores are equally useful as an adjunct to clinical judgment to identify patients at low risk, the so-called minor American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America criteria are predictive of patients in need of intensified treatment (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0036-1592127DOI Listing
December 2016
20 Reads

Regional Anesthesia for Painful Injuries after Disasters (RAPID): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2016 11 14;17(1):542. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

Epicentre, Paris, France.

Background: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in resource-limited disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) may reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards of care. To date, no controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate the use of RA for pain management in a disaster setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1671-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5109730PMC
November 2016
20 Reads

[Sleep disturbances and spatial memory deficits in post-traumatic stress disorder: the case of L'Aquila (Central Italy)].

Epidemiol Prev 2016 Mar-Apr;40(2 Suppl 1):45-8

Dipartimento di medicina clinica, sanità pubblica, scienze della vita e dell'ambiente, Università dell'Aquila.

Altered sleep is a common and central symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In fact, sleep disturbances are included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for PTSD. However, it has been hypothesized that sleep disturbances are crucially involved in the aetiology of PTSD, rather than being solely a symptom arising secondarily from this disorder. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.19191/EP16.2S1.P045.047DOI Listing
December 2017
11 Reads

Efficacy and Bleeding Risk of Antithrombin Supplementation in Patients With Septic Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: A Third Survey.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2017 Jul 9;23(5):422-428. Epub 2016 May 9.

10 Department of Emergency, Disaster and Critical Care Medicine, University of Kagawa, Takamatsu, Japan.

Introduction: Although recent studies have reported the efficacy of antithrombin (AT) supplementation for sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), the factors that influence AT's effect have not been sufficiently studied. The purpose of this survey was to identify factors that modulate the effects and the adverse effects of AT.

Methods: We performed a multi-institutional survey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1076029616648405DOI Listing
July 2017
6 Reads

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for uncontrolled haemorrahgic shock as an adjunct to haemostatic procedures in the acute care setting.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2016 Feb 9;24:13. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, 6-7-1 Nishi-shinjuku , Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan.

Background: Haemorrhagic shock is a major cause of death in the acute care setting. Since 2009, our emergency department has used intra-aortic balloon occlusion (IABO) catheters for resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA).

Methods: REBOA procedures were performed by one or two trained acute care physicians in the emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13049-016-0205-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4748599PMC
February 2016
11 Reads

Development of Pediatric Neurologic Emergency Life Support Course: A Preliminary Report.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Nov;33(11):e114-e117

From the *Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital; †Department of Pediatrics, Civil Hospital Karachi; ‡Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: Acute neurological emergencies (ANEs) in children are common life-threatening illnesses and are associated with high mortality and severe neurological disability in survivors, if not recognized early and treated appropriately. We describe our experience of teaching a short, novel course "Pediatric Neurologic Emergency Life Support" to pediatricians and trainees in a resource-limited country.

Methods: This course was conducted at 5 academic hospitals from November 2013 to December 2014. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000000617DOI Listing
November 2017
10 Reads

Predictors of Hypertension in Survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake, 2011: A Cross-sectional Study.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2016 Feb 26;31(1):17-26. Epub 2016 Jan 26.

3Department of Emergency Medicine,Okayama University Hospital,Okayama,Japan.

Introduction: Many survivors of a major disaster die shortly after the event. Hypertension (HT) is one of the most important risk factors for these disaster-related diseases. An urgent need exists to establish methods to detect disaster survivors with HT and start medication immediately, as those with no injuries or symptoms may not be examined and medical teams cannot measure all survivors' blood pressure (BP) because they often do not have sufficient time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X15005440DOI Listing
February 2016
4 Reads

Nontrauma open abdomens: A prospective observational study.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2016 Apr;80(4):631-6

From the University of Maryland, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: Damage-control surgery with open abdomen (OA) is described for trauma, but little exists regarding use in the emergency general surgery. This study aimed to better define the following: demographics, indications for surgery and OA, fascial and surgical site complications, and in-hospital/long-term mortality. We hypothesize that older patients will have increased mortality, patients will have protracted stays, they will require specialized postdischarge care, and the indications for OA will be varied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000000958DOI Listing
April 2016
26 Reads

Disaster Management: Mental Health Perspective.

Indian J Psychol Med 2015 Jul-Sep;37(3):261-71

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, (Institute of National Importance), Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Disaster mental health is based on the principles of 'preventive medicine' This principle has necessitated a paradigm shift from relief centered post-disaster management to a holistic, multi-dimensional integrated community approach of health promotion, disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation. This has ignited the paradigm shift from curative to preventive aspects of disaster management. This can be understood on the basis of six 'R's such as Readiness (Preparedness), Response (Immediate action), Relief (Sustained rescue work), Rehabilitation (Long term remedial measures using community resources), Recovery (Returning to normalcy) and Resilience (Fostering). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ijpm.info/text.asp?2015/37/3/261/162915
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.162915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4649821PMC
December 2015
10 Reads

Long-Term Survival and Quality of Life of Patients Undergoing Emergency Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Postinfarction Cardiogenic Shock.

Ann Thorac Surg 2016 Mar 28;101(3):960-6. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.

Background: This study evaluated the long-term outcome of patients undergoing emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (eCABG) for cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction.

Methods: Sixty-seven consecutive patients underwent eCABG for cardiogenic shock at 2 European institutions during an 11-year period. Preoperative, intraoperative, postoperative, and long-term follow-up data of all patients were prospectively collected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.08.066DOI Listing
March 2016
8 Reads

Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin in Dogs With Sepsis Undergoing Emergency Laparotomy: A Prospective Case-Control Study.

J Vet Intern Med 2015 Nov-Dec;29(6):1595-602. Epub 2015 Sep 29.

Langford Veterinary Services, University of Bristol, Langford, UK.

Background: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is an early indicator of acute kidney injury (AKI) in dogs and its use has not been evaluated in dogs with sepsis.

Animals: Fifteen dogs with sepsis requiring laparotomy (study dogs) and 10 dogs undergoing surgery for intervertebral disc disease (control dogs).

Objective: To determine whether NGAL increases in dogs with sepsis undergoing emergency laparotomy and whether it is correlated with development of AKI and survival. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.13638DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4895664PMC
September 2016
4 Reads

Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in close relatives of intensive care unit patients: Prevalence data resemble that of earthquake survivors in Chile.

J Crit Care 2015 Oct 26;30(5):1152.e7-11. Epub 2015 Jun 26.

Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Intensiva, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in relatives of intensive care unit (ICU) patients has not been fully described. We studied potential relationships between PTSD and specific patients' conditions and relatives' psychologic characteristics.

Methods: This is a prospective study of family caregivers of ICU patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2015.06.009DOI Listing
October 2015
1 Read

Hurricane Sandy: Shared Trauma and Therapist Self-Disclosure.

Psychiatry 2015 ;78(1):65-74

Hurricane Sandy was one of the most devastating storms to hit the United States in history. The impact of the hurricane included power outages, flooding in the New York City subway system and East River tunnels, disrupted communications, acute shortages of gasoline and food, and a death toll of 113 people. In addition, thousands of residences and businesses in New Jersey and New York were destroyed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00332747.2015.1015881DOI Listing
April 2016
3 Reads

Lessons from the 2015 earthquake(s) in Nepal: implication for rehabilitation.

Disabil Rehabil 2016 13;38(9):910-3. Epub 2015 Jul 13.

b Department of Physical Therapy Division , Duke University , Durham , NC , USA , and.

Purpose: There has been an increase in the number of natural disasters in recent history, and the rate of disability is increasing among survivors. The most recent major natural disaster was the earthquake(s) that occurred in Nepal on 25 April 2015 and 12 May 2015. In total, more than 8500 people were killed and over 18,500 people were left injured. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2015.1064482DOI Listing
December 2016
8 Reads

Posttraumatic stress in survivors 1 month to 19 years after an airliner emergency landing.

PLoS One 2015 3;10(3):e0119732. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

National Centre for Disaster Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Posttraumatic stress (PTS) is common in survivors from life-threatening events. Little is known, however, about the course of PTS after life threat in the absence of collateral stressors (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0119732PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4348420PMC
January 2016
4 Reads

The response to September 11: a disaster case study.

Ann Glob Health 2014 Jul-Aug;80(4):320-31. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

Mount Sinai School of Medicine, World Trade Center Health Program, New York, NY.

Background: The response to 9/11 continues into its 14th year. The World Trade Center Health Program (WTCHP), a long-term monitoring and treatment program now funded by the Zadroga Act of 2010, includes >60,000 World Trade Center (WTC) disaster responders and community members ("survivors"). The aim of this review is to identify several elements that have had a critical impact on the evolution of the WTC response and, directly or indirectly, the health of the WTC-exposed population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2014.08.215DOI Listing
November 2015
16 Reads

Outcomes after emergency percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with unprotected left main stem occlusion: the BCIS national audit of percutaneous coronary intervention 6-year experience.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2014 Sep;7(9):969-80

Cardiology Department, Oxford Heart Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study sought to evaluate in-hospital outcomes and 3-year mortality of patients presenting with unprotected left main stem occlusion (ULMSO) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI).

Background: Limited data exists about management and outcome following presentation with ULMSO.

Methods: From January 1, 2007 to December 21, 2012, 446,257 PCI cases were recorded in the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society database of all PCI cases in England and Wales. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2014.04.011DOI Listing
September 2014
14 Reads

Meta-analytic review of psychological interventions for children survivors of natural and man-made disasters.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2014 Sep;16(9):462

The University of Tulsa Institute of Trauma, Adversity, and Injustice, Department of Psychology, 800 South Tucker Drive, Tulsa, OK, 74103, USA,

Although many post-disaster interventions for children and adolescent survivors of disaster and terrorism have been created, little is known about the effectiveness of such interventions. Therefore, this meta-analysis assessed PTSD outcomes among children and adolescent survivors of natural and man-made disasters receiving psychological interventions. Aggregating results from 24 studies (total N=2630) indicates that children and adolescents receiving psychological intervention fared significantly better than those in control or waitlist groups with respect to PTSD symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11920-014-0462
Web Search
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-014-0462-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-014-0462-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4400816PMC
September 2014
5 Reads

[Primary percutaneous coronary intervention and therapeutic hypothermia in comatose survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest complicating acute myocardial infarction: a single-center experience].

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2014 May;15(5):323-9

Background: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is associated with improved neurologic outcomes in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). There are currently limited data on the outcomes of patients presenting with resuscitated OHCA in the setting of acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of comatose survivors of OHCA complicating acute myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and TH. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1714/1563.17035DOI Listing
May 2014
44 Reads

Psychological functioning 1 year after a brief intervention using micronutrients to treat stress and anxiety related to the 2011 Christchurch earthquakes: a naturalistic follow-up.

Hum Psychopharmacol 2014 May 19;29(3):230-43. Epub 2014 Feb 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Objective: We investigated whether micronutrients given acutely following the Christchurch earthquakes continued to confer benefit 1 year following the treatment.

Methods: Sixty-four adults from the original 91 participants experiencing heightened anxiety or stress 2-3 months following the 22nd February 2011 earthquake and who had been randomized to receive three different doses of micronutrients completed on-line questionnaires assessing mood, anxiety, stress, and symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder 1 year after completing the initial study. Twenty-one out of 29 nonrandomized controls who did not receive the treatment also completed the questionnaires. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hup.2392DOI Listing
May 2014
7 Reads

Epidemiology of severe sepsis in Japanese intensive care units: a prospective multicenter study.

J Infect Chemother 2014 Mar 11;20(3):157-62. Epub 2013 Dec 11.

Department of Emergency & Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Shinanomachi 35, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

Severe sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU). We conducted a prospective multicenter study to evaluate epidemiology and outcome of severe sepsis in Japanese ICUs. The patients were registered at 15 general critical care centers in Japanese tertiary care hospitals when diagnosed as having severe sepsis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2013.07.006DOI Listing
March 2014
11 Reads
1 Citation
1.380 Impact Factor

Empirical support for the definition of a complex trauma event in children and adolescents.

J Trauma Stress 2013 Dec;26(6):671-8

Complex trauma events have been defined as chronic, interpersonal traumas that begin early in life (Cook, Blaustein, Spinazzola, & van der Kolk, 2003). The complex trauma definition has been examined in adults, as indicated by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) field trial; however, this research was lacking in child populations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2013
5 Reads

Impact of preoperative central neurologic dysfunction on patients undergoing emergency surgery for type A dissection.

Ann Vasc Surg 2014 Jul 31;28(5):1227-35. Epub 2013 Oct 31.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Preoperative central neurologic deficits in the context of acute type A dissection are a complex comorbidity and difficult to handle. The aim this study was to analyze this subgroup of patients by comparing them with neurologically asymptomatic patients with type A dissection. Results may help the surgeon in preoperative risk assessment and thereby aid in the decision-making process. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2013.08.008DOI Listing
July 2014
9 Reads
1.030 Impact Factor

A matter of life or limb? A review of traumatic injury patterns and anesthesia techniques for disaster relief after major earthquakes.

Anesth Analg 2013 Oct 19;117(4):934-41. Epub 2013 Aug 19.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Miami-Miller School of Medicine, Room C201, 1611 NW 12th Ave., Miami, FL 33136.

Background: All modalities of anesthetic care, including conscious sedation, general, and regional anesthesia, have been used to manage earthquake survivors who require urgent surgical intervention during the acute phase of medical relief. Consequently, we felt that a review of epidemiologic data from major earthquakes in the context of urgent intraoperative management was warranted to optimize anesthesia disaster preparedness for future medical relief operations. The primary outcome measure of this study was to identify the predominant preoperative injury pattern (anatomic location and pathology) of survivors presenting for surgical care immediately after major earthquakes during the acute phase of medical relief (0-15 days after disaster). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182a0d7a7DOI Listing
October 2013
9 Reads

The enduring mental health impact of the September 11th terrorist attacks: challenges and lessons learned.

Psychiatr Clin North Am 2013 Sep;36(3):417-29

The WTC Mental Health Program, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

The authors review the existing literature on the mental health impact of the September 11th attacks and the implications for disaster mental health clinicians and policy makers. The authors discuss the demographic characteristics of those affected and the state of mental health needs and existing mental health delivery services; the nature of the disaster and primary impacts on lives, infrastructure, and socioeconomic factors; the acute aftermath in the days and weeks after the attacks; the persistent mental health impact and evolution of services of the postacute aftermath; and the implications for future disaster mental health practitioners and policy makers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0193953X130007
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2013.05.011DOI Listing
September 2013
9 Reads

Octogenarians with uncomplicated acute type a aortic dissection benefit from emergency operation.

Ann Thorac Surg 2013 Sep 2;96(3):851-6. Epub 2013 Aug 2.

Dupuytren University Hospital, Limoges, France.

Background: The management of acute type A aortic dissection (aTAAD) in octogenarian patients is controversial. This study analyzed the surgical outcomes to identify patients who should undergo operations.

Methods: Beginning in January 2000, we established a registry including all octogenarian patients operated on for type A acute aortic dissection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2013.04.066DOI Listing
September 2013
10 Reads

Nurse's role in assisting psychosocial recovery during acute phase of disasters.

Nurs J India 2012 Jul-Aug;103(4):173-5

Laxmi College of Nursing, Hyderabad.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2013
5 Reads

A review and retrospective analysis of mental health services provided after the September 11 attacks.

Authors:
Anand Pandya

Can J Psychiatry 2013 Mar;58(3):128-34

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Objective: Various mental health services were provided in New York City in the response to the September 11 attacks. This article describes these services and the subsequent research in disaster psychiatry to identify recommended practices for future disasters.

Method: A PubMed search identified 198 articles since the 9/11 attacks that included "New York City," and either "9/11" or "disaster," and either "psychiatry" or "mental health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/070674371305800302
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/070674371305800302DOI Listing
March 2013
6 Reads

Utility of Prehospital Quantitative End Tidal CO2?

Prehosp Disaster Med 2013 Apr 23;28(2):87-93. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Acute Care Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65203, USA.

Introduction: End tidal CO2 (ETCO2) has been established as a standard for confirmation of an airway, but its role is expanding. In certain settings ETCO2 closely approximates the partial pressure of arterial CO2 (PaCO2) and has been described as a tool to optimize a patient's ventilatory status. ETCO2 monitors are increasingly being used by EMS personnel to guide ventilation in the prehospital setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X12001768DOI Listing
April 2013
4 Reads

The 2004 tsunami in Penang, Malaysia: early mental health intervention.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2012 Jul 11;24(4):710-8. Epub 2012 Jul 11.

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Disasters, natural or man-made, bring numerous health care challenges. In any crisis, mental health programs are a requirement during both the acute and postemergency phases. In the Asian tsunami on December 26, 2004, some of the northwestern coastal areas of Malaysia, particularly the island of Penang, were affected with devastating effects on the residents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539512453261DOI Listing
July 2012
6 Reads

Potential for a pluripotent adult stem cell treatment for acute radiation sickness.

World J Exp Med 2012 Jun 20;2(3):37-44. Epub 2012 Jun 20.

Denis O Rodgerson, Alan G Harris, Andrew L Pecora, NeoStem, Inc., New York, NY 10170, United States.

Accidental radiation exposure and the threat of deliberate radiation exposure have been in the news and are a public health concern. Experience with acute radiation sickness has been gathered from atomic blast survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and from civilian nuclear accidents as well as experience gained during the development of radiation therapy for cancer. This paper reviews the medical treatment reports relevant to acute radiation sickness among the survivors of atomic weapons at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, among the victims of Chernobyl, and the two cases described so far from the Fukushima Dai-Ichi disaster. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5493/wjem.v2.i3.37DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3905584PMC
June 2012
5 Reads

How I treat hematologic emergencies in adults with acute leukemia.

Blood 2012 Sep 13;120(10):1993-2002. Epub 2012 Jun 13.

Rambam Health Care Campus and Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia remain devastating diseases. Only approximately 40% of younger and 10% of older adults are long-term survivors. Although curing the leukemia is always the most formidable challenge, complications from the disease itself and its treatment are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2012-04-424440DOI Listing
September 2012
53 Reads

Conditions found among pediatric survivors during the early response to natural disaster: a prospective case study.

J Pediatr Orthop 2012 Jun;32(4):327-33

Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Major natural disasters may provoke a mass casualty situation, and children tend to represent an important proportion of the victims. The purpose of this study was to prospectively record medical conditions presented by pediatric survivors of a major natural disaster to determine the type of medical specialists most needed during the acute phase of relief response.

Methods: After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, age, sex, date of presentation, diagnosis, and treatment provided were prospectively recorded for all patients less than 18 years old treated by a medical relief team. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:land
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0b013e31825197ecDOI Listing
June 2012
9 Reads

Durability of aortic valve preservation with root reconstruction for acute type A aortic dissection.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2012 Apr 26;41(4):e32-6. Epub 2012 Jan 26.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tenri Hospital, Tenri, Nara, Japan.

Objectives: We evaluated the durability of aortic valve preservation with root reconstruction for acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD).

Methods: From January 2002 to March 2011, 140 patients [70 males, 68 ± 12 (SD) years] underwent emergency operation for AAAD. The aortic valve was preserved and one or more Valsalva sinuses were reconstructed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezr292DOI Listing
April 2012
19 Reads

Outcomes and long term follow-up after emergent cricothyroidotomy: is routine conversion to tracheostomy necessary?

Am Surg 2011 Dec;77(12):1707-11

Department of Surgery, University of Texas-Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, E5.508A, Dallas, TX 75390-9158, USA.

The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with survival after cricothyroidotomy (CRIC), and to ascertain long-term outcomes in patients simply decannulated after CRIC versus those revised to tracheostomy. All CRICs between October 1, 1995 and June 20, 2010 were reviewed. Patients were contacted by phone, visited at their last known address, or queried in the Center for Disease Control's National Death Index. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2011
14 Reads

Emergent angioplasty and stent placement recanalization without thrombolysis in acute middle cerebral artery occlusions.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2013 Jul 11;22(5):694-9. Epub 2011 Dec 11.

Department of Interventional Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

A significant proportion of patients with infarcts from large-vessel lesions have shown a poor response to systemic thrombolysis. Stents have been used to recanalize occluded or severely stenosed intracranial arteries in patients with acute stroke. This study evaluated the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of intracranial artery recanalization for acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion using emergent angioplasty and stent placement without thrombolysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2011.10.010DOI Listing
July 2013
5 Reads

European Commission project: European Guideline for Target Group-Oriented Psychosocial Aftercare-Implementation.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2011 Jun;26(3):234-6

Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

After disasters, the individual health and well-being of first responders and affected population are affected for years. Therefore, psychosocial help is needed. Although most victims recover on their own, a minority of survivors, members of rescue teams, or relatives develop long-term, disaster-related psychic disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X11006303DOI Listing
June 2011
12 Reads

Posttraumatic stress and tendency to panic in the aftermath of the chlorine gas disaster in Graniteville, South Carolina.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2012 Sep 10;47(9):1441-8. Epub 2011 Nov 10.

Shirley L. Buchanan Neuroscience Laboratory, Dorn VA Medical Center, Columbia, SC, USA.

Purpose: Relatively little is known about psychological effects of environmental hazard disasters. This study examines the development of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and tendency to limited panic attack after a large chlorine spill in a community.

Methods: In January 2005, a large chlorine spill occurred in Graniteville, SC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00127-011-0449-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-011-0449-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3407346PMC
September 2012
9 Reads

Decisions to operate: the ASA grade 5 dilemma.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2011 Jul;93(5):365-9

Department of General Surgery, Glan Clwyd Hospital, Rhyl, UK.

Introduction: Deciding to operate on high risk patients suffering catastrophic surgical emergencies can be problematic. Patients are frequently classed as American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade 5 and, as a result, aggressive but potentially lifesaving intervention is withheld. The aim of our study was to review the short-term outcomes in patients who were classed as ASA grade 5 but subsequently underwent surgery despite this and to compare the ASA scoring model to other predictors of surgical outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/003588411X581367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3365453PMC
July 2011
5 Reads

Intensive care for infants and children in Haiti in April 2010.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011 Jul;12(4):393-7

Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objective: To describe a unique experience providing critical care to infants and children in Haiti 3 months after a major earthquake.

Design: Observational.

Setting: Field medical facility in a developing country. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0b013e318219268dDOI Listing
July 2011
5 Reads

Outcome of severe arteriovenous malformation-related intracranial hemorrhage: the importance of cisternal subarachnoid hemorrhage and early seizures.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2011 Apr 14;153(4):897-903. Epub 2011 Jan 14.

Division of Neurosurgery, Hôpital Notre-Dame du CHUM, University of Montreal, Canada.

Background: Although arteriovenous malformations (AVM)-related intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is infrequently devastating, there is a subgroup of patients that present comatose requiring immediate surgical treatment. We sought to determine the outcome and prognostic factors in those patients with severe AVM-ICH.

Methods: Between 2003 and 2009, medical records of 16 consecutive patients presented with severe AVM-ICH were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00701-010-0927
Web Search
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00701-010-0927-8
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-010-0927-8DOI Listing
April 2011
10 Reads
1.790 Impact Factor

Surgery under extreme conditions in the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake: the importance of regional anesthesia.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2010 Nov-Dec;25(6):487-93

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Pain Management, University of Miami Leonard Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

The 12 January 2010 earthquake that struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti caused >200,000 deaths, thousands of injuries requiring immediate surgical interventions, and 1.5 million internally displaced survivors. The earthquake destroyed or disabled most medical facilities in the city, seriously hampering the ability to deliver immediate life- and limb-saving surgical care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2011
7 Reads

A more aggressive approach to emergency embolectomy for acute pulmonary embolism.

Mayo Clin Proc 2010 Sep;85(9):785-90

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Objective: To examine operative outcomes after acute pulmonary embolectomy (APE), a recently adopted, more aggressive surgical approach.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively identified patients who underwent surgical APE from April 1, 2001, through March 31, 2009, and reviewed their clinical records for perioperative outcome. Operations were performed with normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass and a beating heart, absent a patent foramen ovale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00256196116020
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4065/mcp.2010.0250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2931613PMC
September 2010
7 Reads

Chlorine gas inhalation: human clinical evidence of toxicity and experience in animal models.

Proc Am Thorac Soc 2010 Jul;7(4):257-63

Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson St., Denver, CO 80206, USA.

Humans can come into contact with chlorine gas during short-term, high-level exposures due to traffic or rail accidents, spills, or other disasters. By contrast, workplace and public (swimming pools, etc.) exposures are more frequently long-term, low-level exposures, occasionally punctuated by unintentional transient increases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1513/pats.201001-008SMDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3136961PMC
July 2010
7 Reads

Services provided by volunteer psychiatrists after 9/11 at the New York City family assistance center: September 12-November 20, 2001.

J Psychiatr Pract 2010 May;16(3):193-9

Disaster Psychiatry Outreach, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: To characterize the experience of volunteer disaster psychiatrists who provided pro bono psychiatric services to 9/11 survivors in New York City, from September 12, 2001 to November 20, 2001.

Method: Disaster Psychiatry Outreach (DPO) is a non-profit organization founded in 1998 to provide volunteer psychiatric care to people affected by disasters and to promote education and research in support of this mission. Data for this study were collected from one-page clinical encounter forms completed by 268 DPO psychiatrists for 2 months after 9/11 concerning 848 patients served by the DPO 9/11 response program at the New York City Family Assistance Center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.pra.0000375717.77831.83DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3086595PMC
May 2010
6 Reads

Non-cancer effects in acute radiation syndrome survivors in Ukraine.

Health Phys 2010 Jun;98(6):876-84

Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Kiev, Ukraine.

The 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred is known as the most severe nuclear disaster in the history of humankind. Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) was diagnosed in 237 persons but only 134 of those were confirmed, including 28 patients who died due to lethal total-body gamma-irradiation and severe skin injuries caused by beta/gamma-emitting radionuclides. A small group of ARS survivors offers an interesting observational insight pertinent to the on-going discussions about long-term non-cancer effects of ionizing radiation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://pdfs.journals.lww.com/health-physics/2010/06000/NON_C
Web Search
http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:land
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HP.0b013e3181d270e4DOI Listing
June 2010
7 Reads