23,609 results match your criteria Acute Rheumatic Fever


Comparative study of Interleukin-18 (IL-18) serum levels in adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) and systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) and its use as a biomarker for diagnosis and evaluation of disease activity.

BMC Rheumatol 2019 28;3. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

1Clinic of Rheumatology, University of Magdeburg, Sophie-von-Boetticher-Strasse 1, 39245 Vogelsang-Gommern, Germany.

Background: Signs and symptoms establish the diagnosis of adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) as well as of systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). The published data regarding the importance of IL-18 as a marker for diagnosis and disease activity so far are conflicting. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of IL-18 as a diagnostic and disease activity marker in AOSD and sJIA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41927-019-0053-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394042PMC
February 2019

Impact of synthetic and biological immunomodulatory therapy on the duration of 17DD yellow fever vaccine-induced immunity in rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis Res Ther 2019 Mar 14;21(1):75. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Departamento de Reumatologia, Hospital Universitário de Brasília, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Background: The 17DD-yellow fever (YF) vaccine induces a long-lasting protective immunity, resulting from humoral and cellular immunological memory. The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD) may affect pre-existing 17DD-vaccine protective immunity and increase the risk of acquiring YF infection. Our goal was to determine whether DMARD would affect the duration of YF-specific protective immunity in RA patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13075-019-1854-6DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Environmental and social determinants of acute rheumatic fever: a longitudinal cohort study.

Epidemiol Infect 2019 Jan;147:e79

School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia,Crawley, WA,Australia.

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF), an auto-immune response to a group A Streptococcus infection and precursor to rheumatic heart disease (RHD), remains endemic in many socio-economically disadvantaged settings. A Global Resolution on ARF and RHD was recently adopted at the 71st World Health Assembly where governments committed to improving efforts to prevent and control ARF and RHD. To inform these efforts, the objectives of this study were to examine associations between childhood ARF in the UK between 1958 and 1969 and a range of environmental and social factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003527DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Nineteen Years of Single Institute Experiences with Sorin Bicarbon Prosthesis.

Authors:
Hung Dung Van

Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Ho Chi Minh Heart Institute, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam.

Purpose: We want to share our experience of Sorin Bicarbon prosthesis (SBP) after 19 years follow-up.

Methods: Retrospective study of 1377 patients who had replaced with SBP from May 1998 to December 2008 at Ho Chi Minh Heart Institute, Viet Nam.

Results: Male patients was 42%, mean age was 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5761/atcs.oa.18-00223DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Chikungunya virus in Asia - Pacific: a systematic review.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2019 ;8(1):70-79

a Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, School of Biomedical Sciences , Queensland University of Technology , Brisbane , QLD , Australia.

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne pathogen that causes an acute febrile syndrome and severe, debilitating rheumatic disorders in humans that may persist for months. CHIKV's presence in Asia dates from at least 1954, but its epidemiological profile in the region remains poorly understood. We systematically reviewed CHIKV emergence, epidemiology, clinical features, atypical manifestations and distribution of virus genotypes, in 47 countries from South East Asia (SEA) and the Western Pacific Region (WPR) during the period 1954-2017. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/22221751.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2018.1559708DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Subclinical rheumatic heart disease: A single center experience.

North Clin Istanb 2018 13;5(4):329-333. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Kecioren Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The aim of the present study was to investigate asymptomatic RHD cases diagnosed by echocardiography without any acute rheumatic fever (ARF) history and to present the follow-up results.

Methods: Children who had been admitted to the pediatric cardiology department between 2011 and 2017 for various reasons (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/nci.2017.73384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371994PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Unusual Manifestation of Ulcerative Colitis.

Case Rep Pediatr 2019 31;2019:5163213. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Pediatric Gastroenterology Division, Children's Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The relationship of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is understood as extraintestinal rheumatic manifestations. CRMO is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory, noninfectious disorder of the skeletal system of unknown origin. The disease course is not always recurrent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5163213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374790PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Ayurvedic approach to treat Hridroga (valvular heart disease): A case report.

Authors:
M P Mithra

J Ayurveda Integr Med 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Indian Systems of Medicine, Kerala, India. Electronic address:

Kabhatika Hridroga (valvular heart disease) embodies a significant part of cardiovascular disease. There are many causes for valvular heart disease of which, the rheumatic fever is an important one. This study is a case report of a patient awaiting mitral valve transplant for valvular heart disease (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaim.2018.08.002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Rheumatic Mitral Valve Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment Options.

Curr Cardiol Rep 2019 Feb 28;21(3):14. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

The Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This review provides an update on rheumatic mitral stenosis. Acute rheumatic fever (RF), the sequela of group A β-hemolytic streptococcal infection, is the major etiology for mitral stenosis (MS).

Recent Findings: While the incidence of acute RF in the Western world had substantially declined over the past five decades, this trend is reversing due to immigration from non-industrialized countries where rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is higher. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11886-019-1099-7DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as an Inflammatory Marker in Rheumatic Diseases.

Ann Lab Med 2019 Jul;39(4):345-357

Departments of Rheumatology and Research and Development, Dudley Group NHS Foundation Trust (Teaching Trust of the University of Birmingham, UK), Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, West Midlands, UK.

The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has emerged as an informative marker revealing shifts in platelet and lymphocyte counts due to acute inflammatory and prothrombotic states. PLR has been extensively examined in neoplastic diseases accompanied by immune suppression and thrombosis, which can be predicted by combined blood cell counts and their ratios. Several large observational studies have demonstrated the value of shifts in PLR in evaluating the severity of systemic inflammation and predicting infections and other comorbidities, in inflammatory rheumatic diseases. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3343/alm.2019.39
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3343/alm.2019.39.4.345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6400713PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

Separating Acute Rheumatic Fever from Nonrheumatic Streptococcal Myocarditis.

Case Rep Med 2019 16;2019:4674875. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Introduction: Streptococcal pharyngitis has been historically complicated with systemic involvement manifesting as acute rheumatic fever, which is a serious condition that can lead to permanent damage to heart valves. A recent association between streptococcal pharyngitis and nonrheumatic heart disease is emerging in literature. We present a case of nonrheumatic streptococcal myocarditis diagnosed using cardiac MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4674875DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360030PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Association of ficolin-2 (FCN2) functional polymorphisms and protein levels with rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: relationship with cardiac function.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2018 15;3:e142-e155. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: A role for ficolin (FCN) 2 gene polymorphisms in the pathogenesis of recurrent severe streptococcal infections and rheumatic carditis has been suggested. The aim of the study was to evaluate a possible relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms located at positions -602 and -4 of the FCN2 gene and FCN2 serum levels and risk of development of rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD).

Material And Methods: Seventy-seven Caucasian Egyptian patients with RF were recruited with a control group of 43 healthy subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2018.80999DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374577PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

A case report of acute rheumatic fever and a brief review of the literature.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2018 28;3:e80-e82. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Shanghai Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2018.76825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374571PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Potential role of Anitschkow cells in cardiovascular disease in human and veterinary medicine: A review of the literature.

Anat Histol Embryol 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Grugliasco, Turin, Italy.

Anitschkow cells (AC) are a peculiar type of stromal cells observed in myocardium, cardiac valves and coronary vessels wall whose origin, characterization and role remain controversial. In human heart, they represent a histological hallmark of Aschoff nodules in rheumatic fever, but they have also been observed in other myocardial pathologies. Firstly, they have been considered a myocyte-derived cells, but light microscopy, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies pointed out that a macrophagic/histiocytic origin cannot be excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ahe.12433DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A Controlled Human Infection Model of Group A Pharyngitis: Which Strain and Why?

mSphere 2019 02 13;4(1). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Tropical Diseases, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Group A (GAS) is a major cause of global infection-related morbidity and mortality. A modern controlled human infection model (CHIM) of GAS pharyngitis can accelerate vaccine development and pathogenesis research. A robust rationale for strain selection is central to meeting ethical, scientific, and regulatory requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00647-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374595PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Intramural oesophageal abscess: an unusual complication of tonsillitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 6;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of General Surgery, University Hospital Crosshouse, Kilmarnock, Scotland.

Tonsillitis is an extremely common condition, usually it is self-limiting, of viral origin, and managed conservatively in general practice. Rarely patients require inpatient management, usually when bacterial infection is present or when the cause is virulent organisms such as Epstein Barr virus. Complications can be divided into non-suppurative; sepsis, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis and Lemierres disease, and suppurative; quinsy, parapharyngeal abscess and retropharyngeal abscess, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Acute rheumatic fever: A neglected diagnosis in Greece.

Hellenic J Cardiol 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Paediatrics, "Karamandaneion"General Paediatric Hospital Patras.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hjc.2019.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Case of thrombosis of the portal vein and its branches in a patient seropositive for Borrelia antigens.

Ter Arkh 2018 Nov;90(11):79-89

N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Borreliosis after sucking ticks is an acute problem in the world. People do not go to doctors after that often, which leads to the development of various complications. Thrombosis of veins of various localization can be one of them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/terarkh2018901179-89DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Diagnosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in a Polynesian Male with a History of Rheumatic Fever: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Pediatr 2018 30;2018:8762482. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii, John A. Burns School of Medicine, Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children, Honolulu, HI 96826, USA.

The presence of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has rarely been described in one patient. This report describes an adolescent Polynesian male with RHD who developed SLE years later. Initially, he fulfilled modified Jones criteria for rheumatic fever with aortic insufficiency, transient arthritis, elevated streptococcal titers, and a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate with a negative antinuclear antibody (ANA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8762482DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332958PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Phylogenetic relationship of prophages is affected by CRISPR selection in Group A Streptococcus.

BMC Microbiol 2019 Jan 28;19(1):24. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Microbiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.

Background: Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a major human pathogen, which is associated with a wide spectrum of invasive diseases, such as pharyngitis, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS). It is hypothesized that differences in GAS pathogenicity are related to the acquisition of diverse bacteriophages (phages). Nevertheless, the GAS genome also harbors clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated (cas) genes, which play an important role in eliminating foreign DNA, including those of phages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-019-1393-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348661PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Mitral stenosis found after eye problem.

Lancet 2019 01;393(10168):275

Department of Ophthalmology, Mohamed VI University Hospital of Marrakesh, Marrakesh, Morocco.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33200-8DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The analysis of the effects of acute rheumatic fever in childhood on cardiac disease with data mining.

Int J Med Inform 2019 Mar 27;123:68-75. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

İstanbul University, Informatics Department, İstanbul, Turkey.

Background: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an important disease that is frequently seen in Turkey, it is necessary to develop solutions to cure the disease. It is believed that new data analysis methods may be applied to this disease, and this may be useful to discover previously unrecognized patterns. Data mining of existing records and data repositories may improve knowledge on the diagnosis and management of ARF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2018.12.009DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Haemophagocytic syndrome in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - clues to an early diagnosis.

Acta Reumatol Port 2018 Oct-Dec;43(4):318-320

Centro Hospitalar São João.

Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a rare life-threatening condition that involves excessive activation of inflammatory cells and overproduction of different cytokines. It is characterized by persistent fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenias and coagulopathy. Other prominent features are hyperferritinemia and findings of activated macrophages in haemopoietic organs, often associated with multi-organ impairment. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Myocardial calcification secondary to toxic shock syndrome: a comparative review of 17 cases.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 10;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Cleveland Clinic - Fairview Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Myocardial calcification is a rare and life-threatening condition. It has been associated with a myriad of causes, including ischaemic heart disease, cardiac surgery, rheumatic fever, and myocarditis. However, this entity is less well recognised in the setting of toxic shock syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228054DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Early onset, non-rheumatic, group A streptococcal-associated myocarditis.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Rheumatology Research Center, Department of Medicine, and Department of Medicine B, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objectives: Group A streptococcal (GAS) tonsillitis is reported as an uncommon cause of acute non-rheumatic fever (non-RF) myocarditis. The aim of this research was to study the occurrence, diagnosis, management and prognosis of this condition.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective computerised search through medical records of patients admitted to our tertiary medical center between 1998-2016 with the diagnosis of either acute rheumatic fever or non-RF streptococcal myocarditis based on criteria we developed and review the relevant literature from 1973-2016. Read More

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January 2019
4 Reads
2.724 Impact Factor

Sickening or Healing the Heart? The Association of Ficolin-1 and Rheumatic Fever.

Front Immunol 2018 18;9:3009. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Molecular Immunopathology Laboratory, Department of Medical Pathology, Clinical Hospital, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Rheumatic fever (RF) and its subsequent progression to rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are chronic inflammatory disorders prevalent in children and adolescents in underdeveloped countries, and a contributing factor for high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Their primary cause is oropharynx infection by , whose acetylated residues are recognized by ficolin-1. This is the only membrane-bound, as well as soluble activator molecule of the complement lectin pathway (LP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.03009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305461PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Pediatric rheumatology in Turkey.

Rheumatol Int 2019 Mar 3;39(3):431-440. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Pediatric Rheumatology is an emerging specialty in Turkey with increasing number of available centers and specialists all over the country. In this paper, we sought to provide an overview on pediatric rheumatology service in our country, as well as to assess the principle published literature from Turkey in this field. A systematic literature search has been performed to achieve the significance and the impact of this manuscript. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-018-04236-xDOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

School-based surveillance for detection of children with acute pharyngitis, rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh, India-A cluster randomized controlled trial.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 30;70 Suppl 3:S74-S81. Epub 2018 May 30.

CUNY School of Public Health University, New York, USA.

Background: The lack of surveillance system is a major barrier in prevention and control of rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD). Efficacy of school-based surveillance was evaluated for detection of acute pharyngitis and RF/RHD in Shimla district, HP.

Methods: The schools in district Shimla were randomly assigned to intervention and controlled arm (442 vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.05.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309137PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Prevalence, risk determinants and consequences of atrial fibrillation in rheumatic heart disease: 6 years hospital based-Himachal Pradesh- Rheumatic Fever/Rheumatic Heart Disease (HP-RF/RHD) Registry.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 19;70 Suppl 3:S68-S73. Epub 2018 May 19.

IGMC, Shimla, HP, India.

Objective: To report the prevalence, risk factors and consequences of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients of rheumatic heart disease (RHD).

Methods: The Himachal Pradesh- Rheumatic Fever/Rheumatic Heart Disease (HP-RF/RHD) Registry database of 1918 patients was analyzed. AF was diagnosed with 12-lead ECG recording at entry in to the registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.05.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309149PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Secondary prophylaxis to control rheumatic heart disease in developing countries: Put into a cage if can't be killed.

Indian Heart J 2018 Nov - Dec;70(6):907-910. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, India. Electronic address:

A significant socioeconomic inequality is the main barrier to achieve primordial prevention of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in the developing countries. An effective vaccine with affordable cost against Streptococcus yet to be identified. The subclinical nature of rheumatic fever (RF) is the main hurdle for effective primary prevention of RHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306397PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Is Inflammasome a Potential Target of Prophylaxis in Rheumatic Heart Disease?

Circulation 2018 Dec;138(23):2662-2665

Department of Immunology, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN.

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.036771DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317860PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Dysregulated IL-1β-GM-CSF Axis in Acute Rheumatic Fever That Is Limited by Hydroxychloroquine.

Circulation 2018 Dec;138(23):2648-2661

Divisions of Inflammation (M.L.K., W.J.M., J.L.K., I.P.W.), Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease are autoimmune consequences of group A streptococcus infection and remain major causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality around the world. Improved treatment has been stymied by gaps in understanding key steps in the immunopathogenesis of ARF and rheumatic heart disease. This study aimed to identify (1) effector T cell cytokine(s) that might be dysregulated in the autoimmune response of patients with ARF by group A streptococcus, and (2) an immunomodulatory agent that suppresses this response and could be clinically translatable to high-risk patients with ARF. Read More

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.0
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.033891DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

How Many Doses Make a Difference? An Analysis of Secondary Prevention of Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease.

J Am Heart Assoc 2018 Dec;7(24):e010223

1 Menzies School of Health Research Charles Darwin University Darwin Australia.

Background Acute rheumatic fever ( ARF ) and rheumatic heart disease cause substantial burdens worldwide. Long-term antibiotic secondary prophylaxis is used to prevent disease progression, but evidence for benefits of different adherence levels is limited. Using data from northern Australia, we identified factors associated with adherence, and the association between adherence and ARF recurrence, progression to rheumatic heart disease, worsening or improvement of rheumatic heart disease, and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.010223DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Involvement of inflammatory responses in the early development of calcific aortic valve disease: lessons from statin therapy.

Anim Cells Syst (Seoul) 2018 28;22(6):390-399. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Life Science, College of Natural Sciences, Research Institute for Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common degenerative heart valve disease. Among the many risk factors for this disease are age, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, smoking, type-2 diabetes, rheumatic fever, and chronic kidney disease. Since many of these overlap with risk factors for atherosclerosis, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of CAVD development have been presumed to be similar to those for atherogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19768354.2018.1528175DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282465PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Characteristics, Mechanism and Long-Term Ablation Outcome of Atrial Tachycardias After Mitral Valvular Surgery and Concomitant Cox-MAZE IV Procedure.

Int Heart J 2019 Jan 5;60(1):71-77. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Atrial Fibrillation Center, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences.

The incidence of atrial tachycardia (AT) after rheumatic mitral valvular (RMV) surgery has been well described. However, there have been few reports on the characteristics, mechanism, and long-term ablation outcome of ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure.The present study reviewed consecutive patients who underwent AT ablation between May 2008 and July 2013. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/ihj/advpub/0/advpub_18-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1536/ihj.18-117DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads
1.127 Impact Factor

A Rare Case of Macrophage Activation Syndrome Presenting as the First Manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2018 Jan-Dec;6:2324709618812196. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) itself is a rare, potentially life-threatening complication of a rheumatic disease, mostly seen in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. It infrequently occurs in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and it is extremely rare to be the first presentation of SLE. In a study of 511 patients with SLE, 7 cases (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709618812196DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243398PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Syncope due to complete atrioventricular block and treatment with a transient pacemaker in acute rheumatic fever.

Turk Pediatri Ars 2018 Sep 1;53(3):197-199. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Necip Fazıl City Hospital, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

Various rhythm and connection disorders can be seen in the acute phase of acute rheumatic fever. First degree atrioventricular block, one of the minor signs of acute rheumatic fever, is the most common connection disturbance in this disease. Complete atrioventricular block, which seriously affects the conduction pathways, is rare in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TurkPediatriArs.2018.4014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239074PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Plantago squarrosa Murray extracts inhibit the growth of some bacterial triggers of autoimmune diseases: GC-MS analysis of an inhibitory extract.

Inflammopharmacology 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

School of Natural Sciences, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, QLD, 4111, Australia.

Ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and rheumatic fever are autoimmune inflammatory diseases that may be triggered in genetically susceptible individuals by specific bacterial pathogens. Inhibiting the growth of these bacteria with high antioxidant plant extracts may inhibit the aetiology of these diseases, as well as inhibiting the later phase symptoms. P. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10787-018-0547-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10787-018-0547-0DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

Extracting Thickness Profiles of Anterior Mitral Leaflets in Echocardiography Videos.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:3582-3585

Rheumatic heart disease is the serious consequence of repeated episodes of acute rheumatic fever. It is the major cause of heart valve damage resulting in morbidity and mortality. Its early detection is considered vital to control the disease's progression. Read More

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8512963/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2018.8512963DOI Listing
July 2018
12 Reads

A New Method for the Anterior Mitral Leaflet Segmentation in Echocardiography Videos using the Virtual M-mode Space.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:3120-3123

Rheumatic heart disease is responsible for the heart valve damage, caused by repeated episodes of rheumatic fever. The disease commonly inflames and scars the mitral valve of the heart, resulting in thicker, less mobile leaflets, with associated decrease in cardiac efficiency. It is important to measure and quantity the early manifestations of this disease, including variations of the thickness, shape and mobility of the leaflets. Read More

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8512913/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2018.8512913DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

Native valve dual pathogen endocarditis caused by and - a case report.

JMM Case Rep 2018 Sep 8;5(9):e005143. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, National University of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Introduction: Infective endocarditis (IE) is an important clinical condition with significant morbidity and mortality among the affected population. A single etiological agent is identifiable in more than 90 % of the cases, however, polymicrobial endocarditis (PE) is a rare find, with a poor clinical outcome. Here we report a case of native valve dual pathogen endocarditis caused by and in an immunocompetent individual. Read More

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http://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmmcr/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmmcr.0.005143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230757PMC
September 2018
17 Reads

Concomitant Left Atrial Reduction in Rheumatic Mitral Valve Disease With Giant Left Atrium: Our Technique With Midterm Results.

Innovations (Phila) 2018 Sep/Oct;13(5):349-355

Medical Research, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Center (Affiliated to B. J. Medical College), Civil Hospital Campus, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, India.

Objective: The giant left atrium is a frequent finding with rheumatic heart disease. The enlarged left atrium was found to be a risk factor for early mortality and postoperative higher thromboembolic events, but its management remains controversial. Most of the surgeons just do the mitral valve procedure without any intervention for enlarged left atrium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IMI.0000000000000559DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Group A Streptococcus disease in Hong Kong children: an overview.

Hong Kong Med J 2018 Dec 9;24(6):593-601. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Paediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Group A β-haemolytic or is a gram-positive coccus that tends to grow in chains. is the cause of many important human diseases, ranging from pharyngitis and mild superficial skin infections to life-threatening systemic diseases. Infections typically begin in the throat or skin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12809/hkmj187275DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Poor long-term adherence to secondary penicillin prophylaxis in children with history of rheumatic fever.

Semin Arthritis Rheum 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Pediatric Rheumatology Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva 4920235, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Objective: Recurrent episodes of acute rheumatic fever may contribute to the development or worsening of rheumatic heart disease. Secondary penicillin prophylaxis (SPP) has been found to significantly reduce the incidence of rheumatic heart disease. This study sought to evaluate adherence to oral and intramuscular SPP in pediatric patients with rheumatic fever using real-world data spanning 10 years. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00490172183042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semarthrit.2018.10.015DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Tuberculous coxitis with trochanteric bursitis manifesting a year after immigration to Germany: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Nov 7;12(1):332. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Hannover Medical University, Clinic for Immunology and Rheumatology, Carl-Neubergstr. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Osteoarticular tuberculosis is rare in Germany. In particular, trochanteric bursitis is an extremely rare manifestation of osteoarticular tuberculosis. We describe a case of tuberculous coxitis with trochanteric bursitis, successfully treated with a fourfold tuberculostatic therapy. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1867-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220512PMC
November 2018
16 Reads

Comparative study on maternal and fetal outcome in pregnant women with rheumatic heart disease and severe mitral stenosis undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy before or during pregnancy.

Indian Heart J 2018 Sep - Oct;70(5):685-689. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Mitral stenosis due to rheumatic heart disease is a common problem in India causing significant morbidity and mortality. We have compared the maternal and fetal outcome of women with severe mitral stenosis undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy before or during pregnancy.

Methods: A total of 24 women of severe rheumatic mitral stenosis who underwent balloon mitral valvotomy before pregnancy (14 women, group 1) or during pregnancy (10 women, group 2) were included in the retrospective descriptive analysis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00194832173035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204450PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Management of Pharyngitis.

Authors:
Jonathan Berkley

Circulation 2018 Oct;138(18):1920-1922

Kupat Holim Meuhedet, Jerusalem District, Israel.

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.035900DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads