1,186,344 results match your criteria Acute Poliomyelitis
Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):640-643. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
Myofascial pain syndromes arise from acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain and often have a referred neuropathic component. It affects more than three quarters of the world's population and is one of the most important and overlooked causes of disability. The origins of pain are thought to reside anywhere between the motor end plate and the fibrous outer covering of the muscle, with involvement of microvasculature and neurotransmitters at the cellular level. Read More
Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):608-618. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neurology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.
Migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) are common primary disorders that carry significant morbidity and socioeconomic effect. In this article, we will review the epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of these disorders. First-line acute treatment for migraine consists of analgesics, triptans, and antiemetics, while nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the mainstay treatment for TTH. Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Background: The impact of hybrid therapy comprising peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis on cardiovascular events in PD patients remains unclear.
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effect of hybrid therapy on cardiovascular events.
Methods: A total of 93 PD patients undergoing hybrid therapy for ≥3 years were divided into 2 groups according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF): lower ejection fraction (LEF [n = 29], LVEF < 60%) and normal ejection fraction (NEF [n = 64], LVEF ≥60%). Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2041-2051. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Endocrinology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University and Chongqing Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Chongqing,
Background/aims: Alarin has been reported to be related with increased food intake and body weight. The relationship of circulating Alarin with insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome (MetS), however, is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the physiological role of Alarin and its association with MetS in humans. Read More
Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2018 Nov 19;39:73-79. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, G05, 3.20E Parklands Drive, Southport, 4222, Australia; Recover Injury Research Centre, NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Recovery Following Road Traffic Injuries, The University of Queensland, Level 7 Oral Health Centre, 288 Herston Road, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia. Electronic address:
Background: A prognostic clinical prediction rule (whiplash CPR) has been validated for use in individuals with acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD). The clinical utility of this tool is unknown.
Objectives: To investigate: 1) the level of agreement between physiotherapist- and whiplash CPR-determined prognostic risk classification of people with acute WAD; 2) which clinical findings are used by physiotherapists to classify prognostic risk; and 3) whether physiotherapists plan to differ the number of treatment sessions provided based on prognostic risk classification. Read More
Am Heart J 2018 Oct 25;208:11-20. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Cardiology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, Australia; College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:
Background: Elevated troponin level findings among patients presenting with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or another intercurrent illness undeniably identifies patients at increased risk of mortality. Whilst enhancing our capacity to discriminate risk, the use of high-sensitivity troponin assays frequently identifies patients with myocardial injury (i.e. Read More
Int J Nurs Stud 2018 Nov 19;90:13-20. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Bernoullistrasse 28, 4056 Basel, Switzerland; Inselspital Bern University Hospital, Nursing Research Unit, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.
Background: Nursing discharge preparation is vital to successful hospital-to-home transitions. However, despite a wealth of evidence on its effectiveness, little is known of the structure- and process-related factors that facilitate or impede its use in clinical practice. Specifically, the associations between unit size and type, leadership support, skill mix, staffing, nurse and patient characteristics, discharge teaching and patient readiness for discharge have rarely been studied. Read More
J Neurol Sci 2018 Nov 28;396:225-231. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Department of Ophthalmology, Military General Hospital of Beijing PLA, Beijing, China. Electronic address:
Background And Objective: Adult demyelinating optic neuritis (ON) with positive myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-Ab) has distinct clinical features. This study aimed to investigate the point prevalence, relationship with steroid dependency and prognosis value of MOG-Ab in adult ON.
Methods: Clinical data analysis was undertaken in adults with ON admitted between December 2014 and January 2016. Read More
Water Res 2018 Nov 21;150:191-199. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Key Laboratory of Environmental Nanotechnology and Health Effects, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, PR China; Centre of Integrated Water-Energy-Food Studies (iWEF), School of Animal, Rural, and Environmental Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Brackenhurst Campus, NG25 0QF, UK. Electronic address:
Many arsenic-bearing freshwaters are facing with eutrophication and consequent algae-induced anoxia/hypoxia events. However, arsenic cycling in eutrophic waters and its impact on public health are poorly understood. Laboratory simulation experiments are performed in this study to investigate the effect of algal blooms on the cycling of arsenic in a sediment-water-air system. Read More
Thromb Res 2018 Nov 29;173:117-123. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Cardiology, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Rovigo, Italy. Electronic address:
Introduction: The temporal window for the administration of systemic thrombolysis (ST) in acute pulmonary embolism (PE) has not yet been clarified. We assessed the relationship between short-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality and time of ST administration.
Material And Methods: Among 394 consecutive patients admitted between January 2010 and June 2017 with a confirmed PE, we retrospectively review the clinical and instrumental data of those labelled as high-risk PE (n = 76, 41 males, mean aged 64. Read More
Int Immunopharmacol 2018 Dec 3;66:336-346. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Key Laboratory of Prevention and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease of Zhanjiang City, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, Guangdong, 524001, China. Electronic address:
Acute lung injury (ALI), which is mainly triggered by infection, pneumonia, vasculitis, and sepsis, has no specific and effective therapy except for primary supportive treatment or bedside care. Excessive inflammation caused by innate immune cells is the major characteristic of ALI. Forsythoside B, a phenylethanoside compound, possesses good antioxidant and anti-bacterial properties in vivo and in vitro. Read More
Int J Surg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Xenotransplantation Program, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. Electronic address:
Background: There is well-documented systemic inflammatory response in xenograft recipients to the presence of a pig graft. Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an inflammatory marker that is elevated in various pathological states. The assay used to measure it is (i) simple, (ii) relatively inexpensive, and (iii) provides an answer within minutes. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Biotrial Pharmacology, 7-9 rue Jean-Louis Bertrand, 35042, Rennes, France.
This study aims to investigate the contribution of nigral dopaminergic (DA) cell loss, repeated exposure to DA medication and the combination of both to the development of neuropsychiatric symptoms observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). A bilateral 6-OHDA lesion of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) was performed in rats. A set of animals was repeatedly administered with L-dopa (20 mg/kg/day) and benserazide (5 mg/kg/day) over 10 days starting from day 11 post-lesion. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.
Diminished dopamine D1 stimulation may contribute to cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, schizophrenia, and other neuropsychiatric disorders. However, orthosteric D1 receptor (D1R) agonists produce receptor desensitization and an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve, but positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) do not. We examined the cognitive effects of DETQ, a D1R PAM, in mice genetically modified to express the human D1 receptor ("hD1 mice"). Read More
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Blood Diseases Institute, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China; Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:
Oncogenic activation of tyrosine kinase signaling pathway is recurrent in human leukemia. The acquired Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) K607N somatic mutation was detected in about 6.8% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Read More
Gene 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Trombosis, Hemostasia y Aterogénesis, H.G.R. No 1. Dr. "Carlos Mac Gregor Sánchez Navarro" Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Gabriel Mancera No. 222, Colonia Del Valle, CP 03100 Ciudad de México, Mexico.
Objective: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a hormonal signaling mechanism implicated in the atherosclerosis and regulation of blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) a key enzyme in the RAS, plays important roles in vascular remodeling atherosclerosis, and ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the possible contribution of the I/D in the ACE gene, M235T and T174M in the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms with ischemic stroke in young Mexican population. Read More
Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Departments of Psychiatry, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, United States.
Psychopathy is one of the most researched risk factors for violence. Yet, research in women is sparse. The present study aimed to test if the link between the four-facet structure of psychopathy and interpersonal violence and aggression was moderated by neurobiological function (indexed by resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia; RSA). Read More
Neurobiol Learn Mem 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Department of Neuroscience, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Center for Addiction Research and Education, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address:
Numerous preclinical studies show that acute cannabinoid administration impairs cognitive performance. Almost all of this research has employed cannabinoid injections, however, whereas smoking is the preferred route of cannabis administration in humans. The goal of these experiments was to systematically determine how acute exposure to cannabis smoke affects working memory performance in a rat model. Read More
J Hepatol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
AP-HP Hôpital Paul-Brousse, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Liver Intensive Care Unit, Villejuif, F-94800, France; INSERM, Unité 1193, Université Paris-Saclay, Villejuif, F-94800, France; DHU Hepatinov, Villejuif, F-94800, France.
Severe acute liver injury (sALI) is a grave complication of exertional heatstroke (EH). Liver transplantation (LT) may be a therapeutic option, but the criteria for, and timing of transplantation have not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to define the profile of patients who require transplantation in this context. Read More
J Mol Cell Cardiol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Cardiovascular Research Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany; DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), Partner Site Hamburg, Kiel, Lübeck, Germany; Institute of Pharmacy, University of Hamburg, Bundesstr. 45, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:
The sympathetic nervous system is the main stimulator of cardiac function. While acute activation of the β-adrenoceptors exerts positive inotropic and lusitropic effects by increasing cAMP and Ca, chronically enhanced sympathetic tone with changed β-adrenergic signaling leads to alterations of gene expression and remodeling. The CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 1 (CRTC1) is activated by cAMP and Ca. Read More
Exp Neurol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Cellular Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.
Ischemic stroke is an acute neurodegenerative disease that is extremely devastating to patients, their families and society. Stroke is inadequately treated even with endovascular procedures and reperfusion therapy. Using an extensive translational screening process, we have developed a pleiotropic cytoprotective agent with the potential to positively impact a large population of brain ischemia patients and revolutionize the process used for the development of new drugs to treat complex brain disorders. Read More
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Professorand Head, Department of Orthopaedics, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospintal, Pune, Maharashatra, India.
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of spinal mobilization with leg movement (SMWLM) on low back and leg pain intensity, disability, pain centralization and patient satisfaction in subjects with lumbar radiculopathy.
Design: A double blind randomized controlled trial.
Setting: General Hospital PARTICIPANTS: Sixty adults (mean age 44 years) with sub-acute lumbar radiculopathy INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly allocated to receive SMWLM, exercise and electrotherapy (n = 30) or exercise and electrotherapy alone (n = 30). Read More
Ann Am Thorac Soc 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
University of Michigan, Internal Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States ;
Background: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) results in substantial mortality but remains underdiagnosed in clinical practice. Automated ARDS "sniffer" systems, tools that can automatically analyze electronic medical record data, have been developed to improve recognition of ARDS in clinical practice.
Objective: To perform a systematic review examining the evidence underlying automated sniffer systems for ARDS detection. Read More
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Critical Care Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
Rationale: There are controversial reports on applications of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Objective: We hypothesized that lung microenvironment was the main determinant of beneficial versus detrimental effects of MSCs during ARDS.
Methods: Lung proteome was profiled in three models of injury induced by acid instillation and/or mechanical ventilation in mice. Read More
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):379-386. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia No. 3 “Dr. Víctor Manuel Espinoza de los Reyes Sánchez”, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Ciudad de México, México
Background: In severe preeclampsia (SP), pregnancy interruption is the first recommendation. However, some patients receive expectant treatment.
Objetive: To determine maternal and perinatal results of expectant treatment of SP in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a high-specialty hospital. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD011644. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Sheila Sherlock Liver Centre, Royal Free Hospital and the UCL Institute of Liver and Digestive Health, London, UK.
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-stranded RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus that has the potential to cause inflammation of the liver. The traditional definition of acute HCV infection is the first six months following infection with the virus. Another commonly used definition of acute HCV infection is the absence of HCV antibody and subsequent seroconversion (presence of HCV antibody in a person who was previously negative for HCV antibody). Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD012624. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Surgery and Anaesthesia, Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Uttoxeter New Road, Derby, UK, DE22 3DT.
Background: Postoperative pain is a common consequence of surgery and can have deleterious effects. It has been suggested that the administration of opioid analgesia before a painful stimulus may improve pain control. This can be done in two ways. Read More
Br J Pharmacol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Hypothalamic Research, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, USA.
Background And Purpose: Acute insulin administration results in a hyperpolarization and concomitant decrease of firing rate in a subpopulation of arcuate Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and Neuropeptide Y/Agouti-related peptide (NPY/AgRP) cells. This rapid effect on cellular activity has been implicated as a cellular correlate of insulin effects on energy balance and glucose homeostasis. Recent evidence suggests that zinc in mammalian insulin formulations is required for the insulin-induced inhibition of arcuate POMC neurons, while guinea-pig insulin, which fails to bind zinc, activates POMC neurons in mice. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208281. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The Environmental Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, Mississippi, United States of America.
Microbiome studies focused on ecologically relevant vertebrate models like reptiles have been limited. Because of their relatively small home range, fast maturation, and high fecundity, lizards are an excellent reptilian terrestrial indicator species. For this study we used the green anole, Anolis carolinensis, to assess the impact of military relevant contaminants on fecal microbiome composition. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208426. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Vascular Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.
Background: The microbiome has a functional role in a number of inflammatory processes and disease states. While neointimal hyperplasia development has been linked to inflammation, a direct role of the microbiota in neointimal hyperplasia has not yet been established. Germ-free (GF) mice are an invaluable model for studying causative links between commensal organisms and the host. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207406. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Tropical and Infectious Diseases Department, Centre Hospitalier Andrée Rosemon, Cayenne, French Guiana.
Background: French Guiana (FG) was the first country in South America to declare chikungunya virus infection (CHIKV). The outbreak affected about 16,000 persons between February 2014 and October 2015, with several atypical cases, but only two fatal cases. We aimed to describe the clinical presentation of patients hospitalized for CHIKV infection, to estimate and identify risk factors of unusual and severe forms in adult patients. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207918. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Background: Influenza and pneumonia are leading causes of morbidity and mortality among the elderly. Although vaccination is a main strategy to prevent these infectious diseases, concerns remain with respect to vaccine effectiveness.
Methods: During three influenza seasons (2014-2015, 2015-2016 and 2016-2017), we evaluated the effectiveness of the influenza and pneumococcal vaccines against pneumonia and acute exacerbation of cardiopulmonary diseases among the elderly aged ≥65 years with influenza-like illness (ILI). Read More
Ther Drug Monit 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Departments of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Transplantation and.
Background: There is an unmet need for reliable minimally invasive diagnostic biomarkers for immunological allograft monitoring and for the detection of acute kidney transplant rejection. Here, targeted proteomic analysis was applied to compare 92 proteins in sera of belatacept-treated patients who had biopsy-proven, acute T cell-mediated rejection (aTCMR) with patients without aTCMR.
Methods: Proximity extension immunoassay (PEA) was used to measure 92 inflammation-related protein concentrations in the pre-rejection and rejection sera of 11 patients with aTCMR and 9 patients without aTCMR. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):233-242
Laboratory of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, "Nicolae Testemitanu" State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova.
Pancreas divisum (PD) is the most common developmental anatomic variant of pancreatic duct. The attention towards the PD has grown significantly since there are reports that this condition may cause acute relapsing pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis and chronic abdominal pain syndrome. Furthermore, over the years, there have been multiple reports of PD associated with different types of tumors. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):265-268
National Institute of Neurology and Neurovascular Diseases, Bucharest, Romania.
Acute promyelocytic leukemia often manifests with hemorrhagic diathesis, thrombotic events being much rarer. This is the case of a 59-year-old patient with thrombotic cerebro-vascular complications as the onset manifestation of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Read More
J Appl Physiol (1985) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
School of Health and Exercise Science, University of British Columbia, Canada.
Subjects with a patent foramen ovale (PFO) have blunted ventilatory acclimatization to high altitude, compared to subjects without PFO. The blunted response observed could be due to differences in central and/or peripheral respiratory chemoreflexes. We hypothesized that compared to subjects without a PFO (PFO-), subjects with a PFO (PFO+) would have blunted ventilatory responses to acute hypoxia and hypercapnia. Read More