178 results match your criteria Acute Orbital Compartment Syndrome


A Lesson Learnt from a Dural Carotid Cavernous Fistula-induced Superior Ophthalmic Vein Occlusion with Posterior Ischaemic Optic Neuropathy.

Neuroophthalmology 2022 11;46(3):199-202. Epub 2021 Nov 11.

Ophthalmology Department, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

We report a 64-year-old male patient without any contributory medical history who visited the eye clinic due to right-sided headache for 1 month and then loss of vision for 3 days. The clinical presentation suggested a cavernous sinus syndrome and acute optic nerve ischaemia in his right eye. The left eye was normal. Read More

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November 2021

Misdirection of a nasopharyngeal SARS-CoV-2 swab: An unexpected complication.

Otolaryngol Case Rep 2022 Sep 6;24:100439. Epub 2022 May 6.

Otolaryngology Department, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Background: The diagnosis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is based on detecting viral RNA of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the nasal cavities and the nasopharynx. Millions of nasopharyngeal swab tests are currently performed daily worldwide; complications of the procedure are uncommon, but occasionally they occur.

Case Report: We describe the case of a 79-year-old man who developed right orbital cellulitis after a nasopharyngeal swab test for SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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September 2022

Acute Onset of Charles Bonnet Syndrome After Unilateral Central Retinal Artery Occlusion in the Background of Tense Orbit.

J Neuroophthalmol 2022 Mar 14;42(1):e356. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Hampshire, United Kingdom.

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Stromal and endothelial herpes simplex virus keratitis reactivation in the convalescent period of COVID-19 - A case report.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2022 04;70(4):1410-1412

Department of Glaucoma, Disha Eye Hospitals, Barrackpore, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

A 73-year-old lady presented with a white spot and redness in the left eye for 1 month and had been treated elsewhere as a case of fungal keratitis. She had severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral infection 2 months before. Her past ocular history and examination gave a probable diagnosis of herpetic stromal and endothelial keratitis. Read More

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Crohn's disease-related 'gastrocnemius myalgia syndrome' successfully treated with infliximab: A case report.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 Feb;28(7):755-762

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatopancreatology and Digestive Oncology, C.U.B. Hôpital Erasme, Brussels 1070, Belgium.

Background: Extra-intestinal manifestations in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are frequent and involve virtually all organs. Conversely, the clinical characteristics and course of inflammatory myopathies in IBD remain poorly described and mostly related to orbital myositis. Moreover, alternative therapeutic strategies in non-responder patients to corticosteroid therapy must still be clarified. Read More

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February 2022

Predictive performance of different bleeding risk scores in patients with atrial fibrillation and acute coronary syndrome or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Platelets 2022 Feb 1:1-11. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Emergency and Critical Care Center, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

This study aims to evaluate the predictive values of the HAS-BLED, ORBIT, ATRIA, REACH, PARIS, and PRECISE-DAPT scores in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who received both anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy. 930 patients were consecutively recruited and followed up for 1 year. The primary endpoints were BARC class ≥3 bleeding and BARC class ≥2 bleeding. Read More

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February 2022

Acute orbital compartment syndrome due to traumatic hemorrhage: 4-year case series and relevant literature review with emphasis on its management.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Jan 27. Epub 2022 Jan 27.

Private Practice, Athens, Greece.

Purpose: Blindness in craniomaxillofacial (CMF) injuries may occur due to acute orbital compartment syndrome (AOCS). Primarily, this article aimed to retrospectively review our 4-year experience in the management of patients diagnosed with AOCS secondary to an orbital hematoma (OH). Furthermore, this paper included up-to-date information regarding the prevalence, diagnosis, management, and prognosis of AOCS. Read More

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January 2022

Spine Myeloid Sarcoma: A Case Series with Review of Literature.

South Asian J Cancer 2021 Dec 31;10(4):251-254. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Medical Oncology, Gujarat Cancer Research Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujrat, India.

Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a malignant extramedullary tumor consisting of immature cells of myeloid origin. It may precede, present concurrently or follow acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in de novo case or may also be present and might be the only manifestation of recurrent AML, myelodysplastic syndrome, or chronic myeloid leukemia. It frequently involves skin, orbit, bone, periosteum, lymph nodes, and gastrointestinal tract, soft tissue, central nervous system, and testis. Read More

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December 2021

[Acute orbital trauma - risk of permanent impaired vision and double vision].

Lakartidningen 2021 Dec 13;118. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

överläkare, PhD, ögonkliniken, Skånes universitetssjukhus.

The purpose of this article is to highlight the importance of appropriate management of acute orbital trauma, in order to prevent permanent impaired vision and double vision. Orbital blowout fractures with entrapment, so-called trapdoor fractures, occur more often in children than in adults, and require immediate surgical intervention. A blowout fracture with impingement, so-called open door fracture, does not require immediate intervention. Read More

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December 2021

Acute Bilateral Blindness in the Setting of Sudden Onset of Bilateral Proptosis and Ophthalmoplegia: A Case Report With Literature Review.

Neurol Clin Pract 2021 Oct;11(5):e706-e713

Department of Neurology (SZ, LAK), HCA Healthcare, Nashville, TN; Riverside Community Hospital (SZ, CS), CA; School of Medicine (PV, CS), UCR, Riverside, CA; Department of Ophthalmology (RWC), UCI, Irvine, CA; and Department of Interventional Neurology (CS), HCA Healthcare, Nashville, TN.

Purpose Of Review: Acute bilateral blindness has an extensive differential diagnosis that requires a careful history and physical examination to narrow down. In this article, we discuss the pathophysiology and radiographic findings of each possible diagnosis for acute bilateral blindness.

Recent Findings: Visual pathology with respect to bilateral blindness can be broadly broken down into 3 anatomic categories: media (i. Read More

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October 2021

Acute retrobulbar hemorrhage after tooth extraction: Case report and treatment of a rare condition.

Spec Care Dentist 2022 May 4;42(3):304-307. Epub 2021 Nov 4.

TOC Eye and Face, Austin, Texas, USA.

Retrobulbar hemorrhage (RBH) refers to hemorrhage within the bony orbital cavity and most commonly results from periorbital surgery or trauma. RBH following tooth extraction is a rare occurrence. Patients with RBH will endorse symptoms of periorbital pain, double vision, or vision loss, and present with evidence of proptosis, chemosis, or subconjunctival hemorrhage. Read More

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Bilateral Acute Optic Perineuritis Associated With COVID-19 in a Patient With Seronegative Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein (MOG) Antibody.

Cureus 2021 Sep 24;13(9):e18234. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Neurology, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, QAT.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-Cov-2) may cause various neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations including optic perineuritis. Optic perineuritis is a rare form of orbital inflammatory disease in which optic nerve sheath is inflamed and nonspecific fibrotic thickening with classic radiological finding is a perineural enhancement of optic nerve sheath. A 45-year-old gentleman with known diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidemia was admitted with a critically ill COVID-19 infection. Read More

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September 2021

Isolated Traumatic Bitemporal Hemianopia.

Cureus 2021 Aug 31;13(8):e17593. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, School of Medical Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, MYS.

Bitemporal hemianopia is a rare presentation following severe head injury, which causes a delay in detection of the visual symptoms. This is a case of traumatic bitemporal hemianopia in a 20-year-old gentleman after an alleged motorbike accident. He was intubated following a severe head injury. Read More

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Tolosa-Hunt syndrome as initial presentation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Acta Neurol Taiwan 2021 Mar;30(1):39-42

Department of Ophthalmology, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan.

Purpose: Case presentation of newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presenting initially as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS).

Study Design: Retrospective clinical case.

Method: Case report. Read More

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[Bilateral orbital myeloid sarcoma: the circumstance of the discovery of acute myeloid leukemia (a case report)].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 23;39:145. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ravoahangy, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Myeloid sarcoma is a rare ocular manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia. Bilateral manifestation preceding any clinical signs of leukemia is even rarer. We here report the case of a 16-month-old patient with rapidly progressive, inflammatory, acute bilateral exophthalmos associated with exposure keratitis. Read More

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October 2021

Ophthalmoplegia associated with anti-GQ1b antibodies: case report and review.

Orbit 2021 Sep 7:1-4. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Corneoplastics Unit, Queen Victoria Hospital NHS Trust, East Grinstead, UK.

A 60-year-old man with longstanding bilateral asymmetrical ptosis presented with a partial third nerve palsy. His diplopia improved following an ice pack test. He did not report any symptoms related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and nasopharyngeal swab was negative. Read More

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September 2021

Recovering from spontaneous coronary artery dissection: Patient-reported challenges and rehabilitative intervention needs.

Health Psychol 2021 Jul;40(7):472-479

Division of Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ottawa Heart Institute.

Background: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognized cause of acute coronary syndrome that disproportionally affects younger women. The underlying etiology is incompletely understood, postmorbid psychological distress is high, and treatment plans are predominantly based on clinician experience. There remains uncertainty on how to adequately address the needs of patients with SCAD as part of secondary prevention. Read More

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Case of Orbital Compartment Syndrome Post Cardiac Arrest.

Cureus 2021 Jul 20;13(7):e16514. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Emergency Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, USA.

Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is a rare ophthalmic surgical emergency in the setting of increased intraocular pressure (IOP) Irreversible vision loss can occur without immediate surgical treatment consisting of lateral cantholysis. We present a case of acute OCS discovered after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with subsequent immediate lateral canthotomy and notable decrease in IOP. This in part demonstrates the importance of recognizing the clinical signs of OCS with or without trauma in the emergency department in addition with preparedness to perform a vision-saving procedure. Read More

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Ophthalmic artery occlusion due to orbital compartment syndrome after a frontotemporal craniotomy.

Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Apr-Jun;1(2):383-385. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

A 32-year-old female with a right frontal lobe glioma underwent an elective frontotemporal craniotomy. One hour postoperatively, the patient developed a right orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) with unilateral acute vision loss, proptosis, afferent pupillary defect, and complete ophthalmoplegia. The patient underwent emergent lateral canthotomy and inferior cantholysis. Read More

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Case 292: Lyme Neuroborreliosis.

Radiology 2021 08;300(2):484-488

From the Departments of Ophthalmology (V.P.D., K.A.A.D., B.K.C.) and Radiology (K.L.R.), Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, 243 Charles St, Boston, MA 02114; and Department of Neurology, Neuro-Ophthalmology Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass (B.K.C.).

History A 24-year-old right-handed woman presented to a neuro-ophthalmology clinic in Massachusetts in the summer with acute binocular diplopia when looking down and to the left, which started about 1 month earlier. Her medical history was notable for Raynaud syndrome, recurrent streptococcal pharyngitis, and an allergy to amoxicillin. Three days prior to developing diplopia, she presented to an outside emergency department due to fever, chills, and back pain. Read More

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Traumatic Optic Nerve Sheath Hematoma.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2021 May-Aug;12(2):569-573. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA.

The aim of this report is to present a patient with traumatic optic nerve sheath hematoma (ONSH), a rare diagnosis with high potential for visual sequelae. This case involves a 41-year-old male who presented promptly following blunt trauma to the right eye and orbit that resulted in acute vision loss. Following computed tomography and ophthalmic examination, a diagnosis of ONSH was made and medical therapy with methylprednisolone was initiated. Read More

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Acute proptosis secondary to bilateral pansinus mucopyocele with orbital compartment syndrome: a rare presentation, its management and outcome.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 9;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

A 37-year-old Indian female presented with forward protrusion of left eye for one week, associated with progressive diminution of vision. The patient had undergone sinus surgery for nasal polyposis a year ago. On examination, there was severe proptosis and limitation of extraocular movements in all gazes. Read More

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Acute orbital inflammation with loss of vision: a paradoxical adverse event associated with infliximab therapy for Crohn's disease.

Orbit 2021 Jun 13:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ottawa and the Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Anti-TNF-α agents (e.g. infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept) are effective management options in various inflammatory and autoimmune diseases (e. Read More

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Doubly Blinded: An Uncommon Cause of Acute Visual Loss Due to Orbital Compartment Syndrome.

Clin Pract 2021 May 24;11(2):327-331. Epub 2021 May 24.

Electrophysiology Division, White River Health System, Batesville, AR 72501, USA.

A 68-year-old female patient with a past medical history of atrial fibrillation on anticoagulation regimen with Apixaban and Clopidogrel presented for her scheduled Watchman device implantation. The device was indicated as patient was high risk for falling. Successful implantation of the left atrial appendage device was carried out, and the patient was sent to the floor. Read More

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Radiation on Earth or in Space: What Does It Change?

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 3;22(7). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Inserm, U1296 Unit, «Radiation: Defense, Health and Environment», Centre Léon-Bérard, 28, Rue Laennec, 69008 Lyon, France.

After having been an instrument of the Cold War, space exploration has become a major technological, scientific and societal challenge for a number of countries. With new projects to return to the Moon and go to Mars, radiobiologists have been called upon to better assess the risks linked to exposure to radiation emitted from space (IRS), one of the major hazards for astronauts. To this aim, a major task is to identify the specificities of the different sources of IRS that concern astronauts. Read More

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Case 292.

Radiology 2021 04;299(1):234-236

From the Departments of Ophthalmology (V.P.D., K.A.A.D., B.K.C.) and Radiology (K.L.R.), Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, 243 Charles St, Boston, MA 02114; and Department of Neurology, Neuro-Ophthalmology Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass (B.K.C.).

History A 24-year-old right-handed woman presented to a neuro-ophthalmology clinic in Massachusetts in the summer with acute binocular diplopia when looking down and to the left, which started about 1 month earlier. Her medical history was notable for Raynaud syndrome, recurrent streptococcal pharyngitis, and an allergy to amoxicillin. Three days prior to developing diplopia, she presented to an outside emergency department due to fever, chills, and back pain. Read More

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Acute Orbital Compartment Syndrome After Coil Embolization of a Contralateral Carotid Cavernous Fistula.

J Neuroophthalmol 2022 Mar 11;42(1):e398-e400. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Ophthalmology (CLG, AAT, AQT, CO, KJG), Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York; Weill Cornell Medical College (AYJL), New York, New York; and Departments of Neurological Surgery (AP) and Radiology (AP), Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.

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Radiomic analysis of the optic nerve at the first episode of acute optic neuritis: an indicator of optic nerve pathology and a predictor of visual recovery?

Radiol Med 2021 May 3;126(5):698-706. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Radiology Department, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Piazza Principessa Clotilde 3, 20123, Milan, Italy.

Objective: Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL) is a biomarker of neuroaxonal loss and index of visual function in multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to assess the correlation between radiomic features and RNFL, visual acuity (VA) at patients' presentation, visual outcome (VO), and clinical diagnosis.

Methods: We reviewed imaging and clinical data of 25 patients with a first episode of optic neuritis (ON) (14 females, 11 males; 5 bilateral ON; 7 left ON; 13 right ON). Read More

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Orbital-Conjunctival-Eyelid Hemorrhage-Hematoma due to Inappropriate use of FFP2/NK95 Facial Mask in COVID-19.

Cureus 2020 Oct 31;12(10):e11273. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

Ophthalmology, 12 de Octubre Hospital, Complutense University, Madrid, ESP.

A non-traumatic or spontaneous orbital hemorrhage (NTOH) is usually caused by the presence of an orbital mass, an inflammation, an infection, a bleeding disorder or those called idiopathic. This entity usually affects elderly adults and some risk factors can be identified. The NTOH normally acts like a benign and self-limited process, but attending to its anatomical pattern, may need specific management. Read More

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October 2020

Rhino-Orbital Mucormycosis Associated With COVID-19.

Cureus 2020 Sep 30;12(9):e10726. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Chest Medicine, Lilavati Hospital and Research Center, Mumbai, IND.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections may be associated with a wide range of bacterial and fungal co-infections. We report the case of a patient with COVID-19 infection, which, during the course of the treatment, developed rhino-orbital mucormycosis. A 60- year-old male patient, a longstanding diabetic, with a positive reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was admitted for treatment. Read More

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September 2020