126 results match your criteria Acute Orbital Compartment Syndrome


Management of acute retrobulbar haemorrhage: a survey of non-ophthalmic emergency department physicians.

Emerg Med J 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Emergency Department, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Introduction: Acute retrobulbar haemorrhage (RBH) with orbital compartment syndrome is a sight-threatening ophthalmic emergency requiring treatment with lateral canthotomy and cantholysis (LC/C). However, such cases may present to non-ophthalmic emergency departments (ED) out-of-hours, when specialist intervention is not readily available. We completed a survey of ED physicians to explore experiences of RBH and confidence in undertaking LC/C. Read More

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http://emj.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/emermed-2018-207937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-207937DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Orbital compartment syndrome resulting in unilateral blindness in two dogs.

Open Vet J 2018 22;8(4):445-451. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Companion and Equine Animals, Ophthalmology, University of Liège, Quartier Vallée 2, Avenue de Cureghem 3, 4000 Liège, Belgium.

Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is described in humans as an acute rise in intraorbital pressure following a severe and rapidly evolving orbital affection. It includes orbital oedema, haemorrhage or infection causing a marked reduction in local blood perfusion, and severely affecting the orbital neurovascular structures. If not promptly recognised and treated, it results in irreversible blindness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ovj.v8i4.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258518PMC
November 2018
1 Read

[Hyaluronic acid gel implants for correction of pathological conditions of the orbit and eyelids].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):61-71

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of injectable implants made of hyaluronic acid gel (HAG) in ophthalmoplastics.

Material And Methods: The study included 57 patients (37 patients with lagophthalmos related to acute or chronic facial nerve palsy, endocrine ophthalmopathy; 20 patients with enophthalmos, anophthalmic syndrome). Depending on filler particle size, the patients received either intrapalpebral or intraorbital HAG injection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405161DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

Swollen and bloodshot eye following headache.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 7;37(2):378.e7-378.e9. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

A ruptured cavernous carotid aneurysm (CCA) with carotid cavernous fistula can appear as a benign headache but progress to a swollen and bloodshot eye overnight. A 66-year-old woman visited emergency department with sudden onset of pain behind her left forehead and vomiting. She was treated for a migraine-like headache and discharged. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757183091
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

A Historical Perspective of Lateral Canthotomy and Its Adoption as an Emergency Medicine Procedure.

Authors:
Michael V Nguyen

J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 30;56(1):46-52. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.

Background: The treatment of orbital compartment syndrome has a rich history rooted in surgery and emergency medicine. It is a rare but acute and vision-threatening condition that most commonly occurs secondary to facial trauma or as a postoperative complication, and was first recognized in 1950. Surgical techniques and medical management were developed and refined soon afterwards to eventually become the modern-day treatment, lateral canthotomy, and inferior cantholysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.09.043DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Facial Trauma Care in the Austere Environment.

J Spec Oper Med Fall 2018;18(3):62-66

As the United States continues to increase its use of Special Operations Forces worldwide, treatment of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) trauma must be adapted to meet the needs of the warfighter. The remoteness of Special Operations can result in potentially longer times until definitive treatment may be reached. A significant portion of Servicemembers incur injury to the CMF region (42%). Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Orbital Infarction Syndrome Following Mechanical Thrombectomy Secondary to Embolization in New Territory.

World Neurosurg 2018 09 20;117:326-329. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Joint Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Orbital infarction syndrome (OIS) is a rare entity defined as ischemia of all intraorbital and intraoccular structures including the optic nerve, extraocular muscles, and orbital fat. This entity is rare due to rich anastomotic orbital vascularization from both the internal carotid artery and external carotid artery. We report a case of a patient who suffered emboli to previously nonaffected territories to the ophthalmic artery and external carotid artery, which resulted in orbital infarction syndrome, and describe techniques to avoid such complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.082DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Solar particle event storm shelter requirements for missions beyond low Earth orbit.

Life Sci Space Res (Amst) 2018 May 21;17:32-39. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA.

Protecting spacecraft crews from energetic space radiations that pose both chronic and acute health risks is a critical issue for future missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO). Chronic health risks are possible from both galactic cosmic ray and solar energetic particle event (SPE) exposures. However, SPE exposures also can pose significant short term risks including, if dose levels are high enough, acute radiation syndrome effects that can be mission- or life-threatening. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22145524173010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2018.02.002DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Acute Monocular Blindness Due to Orbital Compartment Syndrome Following Pterional Craniotomy.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 12;114:72-75. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: We present a case of orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) leading to monocular irreversible blindness following a pterional craniotomy for clipping of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. OCS is an uncommon but vision-threatening entity requiring urgent decompression to reduce the risk of permanent visual loss. Iatrogenic orbital roof defects are a common finding following pterional craniotomies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.03.013DOI Listing
June 2018
15 Reads

Invasive Streptococcus viridans sphenoethmoiditis leading to an orbital apex syndrome.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Dec 21;8:4-6. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Department of Radiology, 200 Lothrop St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States.

Purpose: Orbital apex syndrome due to spread of infectious sinusitis is a serious disease, often with an insidious presentation with few ophthalmic signs and symptoms. Failure to recognize and treat infectious orbital apex syndrome early portends a grave prognosis, including profound, permanent visual loss and potentially death. Herein we describe a representative case and discuss the relevant aspects of prompt diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2017.07.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5731554PMC
December 2017
8 Reads

Amelioration of acute orbital compartment syndrome following transvenous embolization for an indirect carotid-cavernous fistula: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e9096

Department of Ophthalmology, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan (R.O.C.).

Rationale: Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is a rare occurrence after transvenous embolization of indirect carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF). A lateral canthotomy and cantholysis are the most commonly performed surgical interventions. In our case, as the acute OCS occurred immediately after an uneventful transvenous embolization, an orbital floor orbitectomy was performed. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201712080-0012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009096DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5728951PMC
December 2017
9 Reads

Septic thrombosis of cavernous sinus extended to the ipsilateral internal jugular vein and transversal sinus with favorable outcome: Clinical and radiological features of a Lemierre syndrome.

Authors:
Arnaud Martel

Orbit 2018 Apr 17;37(2):94-96. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

a Department of Ophthalmology , University Hospital of Nice , Nice , France.

An 86-year-old patient was hospitalized for fever and left acute orbital syndrome (red eye with moderate visual impairment, chemosis, ophthalmoplegia without proptosis, or any fundus involvement). CT scan showed superior ophthalmic vein and cavernous sinus enlargement complicating ipsilateral sphenoidal sinusitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated the left cavernous sinus thrombosis extended to the ipsilateral jugular vein and transversal sinus (Lemierre syndrome). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2017.1383458DOI Listing
April 2018
19 Reads

Orbital Compartment Syndrome After Frontotemporal Craniotomy: Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jan 4;109:218-221. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Sírio Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is a rare condition characterized by increased intraorbital pressure and hypoperfusion of critical neural structures. It is usually associated with external ophthalmoplegia. We report a case of postoperative OCS following a frontotemporal craniotomy and review pertinent literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.09.167DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

Acute hypopituitarism associated with periorbital swelling and cardiac dysfunction in a patient with pituitary tumor apoplexy: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2017 Aug 24;11(1):235. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Uonuma Institute of Community Medicine, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

Background: Pituitary tumor apoplexy is a rare clinical syndrome caused by acute hemorrhage or infarction in a preexisting pituitary adenoma. It typically manifests as an acute episode of headache, visual disturbance, mental status changes, cranial nerve palsy, and endocrine pituitary dysfunction. However, not all patients present with classical symptoms, so it is pertinent to appreciate the clinical spectrum of pituitary tumor apoplexy presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-017-1371-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5569541PMC
August 2017
21 Reads

Ultra-low-dose radiotherapy for definitive management of ocular adnexal B-cell lymphoma.

Head Neck 2017 06 3;39(6):1095-1100. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

Orbital Oncology and Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Department of Plastic Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Background: The purpose of this study was to report the response to and toxicity of ultra-low-dose radiotherapy (RT) for B-cell ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL).

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with indolent B-cell and mantle cell OAL treated with 4 Gy to the orbit(s) in two 2-Gy fractions. Disease response was assessed clinically and/or radiographically at 2 to 4-month intervals after RT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.24717DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6044206PMC
June 2017
25 Reads

Ocular Morbidity in the Correction of Orbital Hypertelorism and Dystopia: A 15-Year Experience.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Apr;139(4):967-975

London and Oxford, United Kingdom From the Departments of Craniofacial Surgery and Ophthalmology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Complex surgery for appearance change is controversial. Correction of orbital hypertelorism risks diplopia and loss of stereopsis for aesthetic gain. The risk-to-benefit ratio remains ill-defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000003178DOI Listing
April 2017
12 Reads

Retroocular and Subdural Hemorrhage or Hemosiderin Deposits in Pediatric Autopsies.

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2017 04;76(4):313-322

Department of Pathology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

The presence of hemosiderin in the optic nerve sheath and/or retina is sometimes used to estimate the timing of injury in infants or children with suspected non-accidental head trauma. To determine the prevalence of hemosiderin in deaths not associated with trauma, we performed a prospective study of retroocular orbital tissue, cranial convexity, and cervical spinal cord dura mater in infants and children <2.5 years age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnen/nlx010DOI Listing
April 2017
17 Reads

Myeloid sarcoma in children - diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties.

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2016 12;20(6):444-448. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Transplantology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a malignant extramedullary tumour, which consists of immature cells of myeloid origin. It may occur , concurrently or precede the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). MS can also be a manifestation of the relapse of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/wo.2016.65602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5320455PMC
January 2017
38 Reads

NEUDOSE: A CubeSat Mission for Dosimetry of Charged Particles and Neutrons in Low-Earth Orbit.

Radiat Res 2017 01 21;187(1):42-49. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

Department of bElectrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada.

During space missions, astronauts are exposed to a stream of energetic and highly ionizing radiation particles that can suppress immune system function, increase cancer risks and even induce acute radiation syndrome if the exposure is large enough. As human exploration goals shift from missions in low-Earth orbit (LEO) to long-duration interplanetary missions, radiation protection remains one of the key technological issues that must be resolved. In this work, we introduce the NEUtron DOSimetry & Exploration (NEUDOSE) CubeSat mission, which will provide new measurements of dose and space radiation quality factors to improve the accuracy of cancer risk projections for current and future space missions. Read More

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http://www.bioone.org/doi/10.1667/RR14491.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1667/RR14491.1DOI Listing
January 2017
2 Reads

Orbital infarction syndrome after multiple percutaneous sclerotherapy sessions for facial low-flow vascular malformation: A case report and literature review.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2016 Aug;64(8):595-7

Department of Ophthalmology, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Vision loss following sclerotherapy for facial vascular malformations (VMs) is a rare but detrimental complication. Here, we report a case of an 11-year-old boy with acute onset blepharoptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and blindness in his right eye after the 14 th sclerotherapy session (percutaneous intralesional injection of sodium tetradecyl sulfate) for a right facial low-flow VM without orbital involvement. Computed tomography angiography revealed no contrast enhancement in the right ophthalmic artery, superior ophthalmic vein, or extraocular muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0301-4738.191508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5056549PMC
August 2016
4 Reads

A case report of primary orbital non-Hodgkin's lymphoma causing complete vision loss.

GMS Ophthalmol Cases 2016 15;6:Doc06. Epub 2016 Apr 15.

John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, Division of Pathology, Chicago, USA.

A 29-year-old male with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome presented with a week of left eye blurriness, which then progressed to complete vision loss. On exam, the left pupil was nonreactive to light, and fundoscopy showed significant optic nerve edema. CT and MRI of the left orbit showed a mass lesion compressing the posterior aspect of the sclera with diffuse thickening and contrast enhancement of the retrobulbar portion of the left optic nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3205/oc000043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5015789PMC
September 2016
6 Reads

Emergency management for orbital compartment syndrome-is decompression mandatory?

Authors:
A Ujam M Perry

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Nov 26;45(11):1435-1437. Epub 2016 Aug 26.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow, Middlesex, UK.

Current guidelines for the urgent management of patients with orbital compartment syndrome include immediate lateral canthotomy and cantholysis, followed by surgical decompression. Medical treatment is also advocated to 'buy time' while preparing the patient for theatre. This consists of high-dose steroids, mannitol, and acetazolamide diuretics to reduce swelling and orbital pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2016.08.001DOI Listing
November 2016
29 Reads

Acute Charles Bonnet Syndrome following Hughes procedure.

Orbit 2016 Oct 28;35(5):292-4. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

c Department of Oculoplastics & Orbital Surgery , Wills Eye Hospital , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

A 69-year-old male experienced monocular formed visual hallucinations after occlusion of the right eye following resection of eyelid basal cell carcinoma and reconstruction with a Hughes procedure (tarsoconjunctival flap). His symptoms included recurrent, well-defined, organized, complex, formed images of small children playing in the snow. These visual phenomena occurred only in the occluded eye, began several hours after surgery, and recurred intermittently several times daily for 4 days, lasting several minutes with each occurrence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2016.1176218DOI Listing
October 2016
34 Reads

Imaging of orbital disorders.

Handb Clin Neurol 2016 ;135:659-672

Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA.

Diseases of the orbit can be categorized in many ways, but in this chapter we shall group them according to etiology. Inflammatory diseases of the orbits may be infectious or noninfectious. Of the infections, orbital cellulitis is the most common and typically arises as a complication of acute sinusitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-53485-9.00031-3DOI Listing
February 2017
12 Reads

Pediatric Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation: Clinical Features of 30 Cases.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Jul-Aug;32(4):270-4

*Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York; †Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado; ‡Lions Eye Institute, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York; §A.O. Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milan, Italy; ‖Eye Clinic, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; and ¶Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Purpose: Pediatric idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) is a rare entity with little known about the clinical presentation and natural history. The authors report the demographics, clinical presentations, radiographic and histopathologic characteristics, and treatment outcome of 30 children with IOI.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of 30 patients 18 years and younger diagnosed with IOI and statistical analysis using analysis of variance and Fisher's exact test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000000494DOI Listing
February 2017
22 Reads

[Aneurysmal bone cyst: A rare cause of orbital disease].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2016 Jun 8;39(6):498-505. Epub 2016 Jun 8.

Institut Curie, 26, rue d'Ulm, 75248 Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, 15, rue de l'École de Medecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France.

Aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare benign bone neoplasm of unknown cause. The most commonly affected anatomical sites are the vertebral column and long bones. We report two uncommon cases of primary orbital aneurysmal bone cyst presenting as an acute orbital compartment syndrome due to subperiosteal hemorrhage. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S018155121630077
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2016.02.011DOI Listing
June 2016
14 Reads

Orbital Compartment Syndrome Leading to Visual Loss following Orbital Floor Reconstruction.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2016 Jun 24;9(2):152-7. Epub 2015 Jul 24.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Plastic Surgery, Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore, Maryland.

Reconstruction of posttraumatic orbital defects carries the attendant risk of injury to the ocular adnexa, globe, and associated neurovascular structures. Blindness following repair of orbital fractures is an infrequent but well-documented phenomenon. Visual acuity loss can be related to direct intraoperative injury to the optic nerve, retinal arterial occlusion, or delayed presentation of acute optic nerve injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1558456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4858432PMC
June 2016
22 Reads

Bilateral acute orbital compartment syndrome secondary to Richter syndrome: the 'tulip' sign.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2016 Nov 29;44(8):722-724. Epub 2016 Apr 29.

Oxford Eye Hospital, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.12759DOI Listing
November 2016
5 Reads

Orbital Compartment Syndrome Due to Acute Hemorrhage within an Orbital Lymphatic Malformation: Emergency Treatment with Percutaneous Sclerotherapy.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2016 Mar;27(3):453-5

Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Interventional Neuroradiology, Children's National Medical Center Washington, DC.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10510443150117
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2015.11.050DOI Listing
March 2016
5 Reads

Myeloid sarcoma of the orbit without systemic recurrence of disease in an adult: A clinicopathological case report.

Orbit 2016 23;35(2):106-8. Epub 2016 Feb 23.

a Rush University Medical Center , Department of Ophthalmology , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

Myeloid sarcoma (MS), also known as granulocytic sarcoma (GS) or chloroma (named for the greenish hue attributed to the pigment of myeloperoxidase [MPO]), is a rare solid tumor with a predilection for the orbit. MS usually occurs in conjunction with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), or myeloproliferative disorder (MPS) and may be the harbinger of disease. Therefore, prompt diagnosis is essential for patient survival. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/01676830.2015.10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01676830.2015.1099704DOI Listing
December 2016
9 Reads

Orbital compartment syndrome following retrobulbar injection of amphotericin B for invasive fungal disease.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2016 Apr 10;1:8-10. Epub 2016 Feb 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose: To describe a complication of retrobulbar amphotericin B injections in the treatment of invasive rhino-orbital .

Observations: 27 year-old renal transplant recipient presented with a two-week history of headache, binocular diplopia and proptosis of the left eye. Endonasal biopsy on hospital day 3 confirmed the diagnosis of rhino-orbital invasive involving the left orbital apex. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24519936153002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2016.01.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5757339PMC
April 2016
11 Reads

Rhabdomyolysis Presenting as Orbital Apex Syndrome.

J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jan;27(1):e48-50

Department of Ophthalmology, Gachon University Medicine and Science Gil Hospital, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which striated muscle tissue breaks down rapidly and releases muscular cell constituents into extracellular fluid and the circulation. Renal symptoms, such as acute renal failure, are major complications of rhabdomyolysis. However, no previous report of rhabdomyolysis associated with orbital complication has been issued. Read More

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https://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001665-201601000-000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000002308DOI Listing
January 2016
7 Reads

Sclerosing Lesions of the Orbit: A Review.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2015 Oct-Dec;22(4):447-51

Dr. R. P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Orbital sclerosing inflammation is a distinct group of pathologies characterized by indolent growth with minimal or no signs of inflammation. However, contrary to earlier classifications, it should not be considered a chronic stage of acute inflammation. Although rare, orbital IgG4-related disease has been associated with systemic sclerosing pseudotumor-like lesions. Read More

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http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2015/22/4/447/167807
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0974-9233.167807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4660530PMC
May 2016
7 Reads

Lipoid proteinosis: A rare entity.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2015 Aug;63(8):680-1

Department of Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive and Aesthetics, Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Urbach-Wiethe syndrome or lipoid proteinosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized histologically by infiltration of Periodic acid Schiff-positive hyaline material in the skin, upper aerodigestive tract, eyelids, and internal organs. Classical clinical features include scarring of the skin, beaded eyelid papules (moniliform blepharosis) and laryngeal infiltration leading to hoarseness of voice. Lipoid proteinosis can lead to life-threatening conditions such as acute respiratory distress and seizures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0301-4738.169791DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4687198PMC
August 2015
2 Reads

Orbital compartment syndrome in idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease: A case report.

Med J Malaysia 2015 Oct;70(5):316-7

Censelor Hospital Tuanku Muhriz, Ophthalmology Department, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.

Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is a visual threatening ocular emergency. We report a 50-year-old male with acute presentation of OCS, a rare manifestation of idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease. At presentation, high intraocular pressure was reduced by prompt lateral canthotomy and cantholysis. Read More

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http://www.e-mjm.org/2015/v70n5/orbital-compartment-syndrome
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October 2015
6 Reads

Orbital compartment syndrome during endoscopic drainage of subperiosteal orbital abscess.

Am J Otolaryngol 2015 Nov-Dec;36(6):828-31. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Changi General Hospital, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: Orbital compartment syndrome is a rare ocular emergency requiring immediate intervention to prevent vision loss. It can arise due to a variety of causes including trauma, neoplasms and retrobulbar hemorrhage during endoscopic sinus surgery. Lateral canthotomy and inferior cantholysis is a well-known therapeutic procedure to rapidly relieve raised intraocular pressures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2015.07.017DOI Listing
August 2016
20 Reads
1.080 Impact Factor

Slowly progressive Lemierre's syndrome with orbital pain and exophthalmos.

J Infect Chemother 2016 Jan 26;22(1):58-60. Epub 2015 Sep 26.

Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Lemierre's syndrome is an oropharyngeal bacterial infection characterized by rapidly progressive septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. A lack of appropriate antibiotic therapy can be life-threatening. We describe the case of a 39-year-old man with Lemierre's syndrome who presented with long-lasting orbital pain and acute exophthalmos 6 weeks after initial infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2015.08.014DOI Listing
January 2016
10 Reads

Family of Crouzon Syndrome Represents the Evolution of the Frontofacial Monobloc Advancement Technique: From Immediate Movement to Monobloc Distraction to Monobloc Bipartition Distraction.

J Craniofac Surg 2015 Sep;26(6):1940-3

*Institute of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, SOBRAPAR Hospital †Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurology, School of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Crouzon syndrome (CS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by premature fusion of cranial sutures, midface and supraorbital ridge retrusion, exorbitism, and in some clinical scenarios strabismus, parrot-beaked nose, short upper lip and hypertelorbitism. Treatment of CS is overlapped with the beginning of craniofacial surgery and is grounded on morphologic and functional objectives. The authors reported on the outcomes and complications of family members (mother and 2 siblings) with CS, who were operated on by different techniques of frontofacial advancement and have attained skeletal maturity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000001949DOI Listing
September 2015
9 Reads

Orbital Compartment Syndrome as the Presenting Sign of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation From Metastatic Prostatic Cancer to the Orbit.

Urology 2015 Aug 10;86(2):e7-8. Epub 2015 Jul 10.

Department of Urology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.

A 70-year-old man with castrate-resistant metastatic prostate cancer to the lumbar spine presented with sudden onset of left orbital compartment syndrome. Hematologic workup revealed disseminated intravascular coagulation with isolated left orbital hemorrhage. A canthotomy and blood product transfusions failed to control the bleeding and restore vision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2015.05.017DOI Listing
August 2015
6 Reads

Update on orbital decompression as emergency treatment of traumatic blindness.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2015 Sep 29;43(7):1000-3. Epub 2015 May 29.

Service de chirurgie maxillo-faciale, Hôpital de la Timone, 264 rue St Pierre, 13385, Marseille, France; Aix-Marseille Université, Jardin du Pharo - 58, bd Charles Livon, 13284, Marseille Cedex 07, France; Laboratoire Parole et Langage (LPL), UMR 6057, France.

Introduction: Blindness is a rare and severe complication of craniofacial trauma. The management of acute orbital compartment syndrome (AOCS) is not well defined and there is no standard treatment. Our objective was to find indications for orbital decompression, the best time for treatment, and the appropriate techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2015.05.003DOI Listing
September 2015
4 Reads

Acute orbital apex syndrome and rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis.

Int Med Case Rep J 2015 17;8:93-6. Epub 2015 Apr 17.

Research Center, Martel Eye Medical Group, Rancho Cordova, CA, USA ; Graduate Medical Education, California Northstate University College of Medicine, Elk Grove, CA, USA ; Department of Ophthalmology, Dignity Health, Carmichael, CA, USA.

Purpose: To demonstrate the successful clinical identification and management of rhino-orbital mucormycosis, a fungal infection with a high mortality rate.

Patients And Methods: A diabetic male patient with a headache and orbital apex syndrome in the right eye was examined using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for a possible fungal infection. Endoscopic surgical resection was performed and a pathology sample was taken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S83036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4407820PMC
May 2015
5 Reads

Intraocular pressure changes in emergent surgical decompression of orbital compartment syndrome.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2015 Jun;141(6):562-5

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Importance: Orbital compartment syndrome is an acute rise in intraorbital volume resulting in increased intraorbital pressure and possible ischemic compromise of the optic nerve. Tonometric pressure measurement of intraocular pressure can aid surgeons in the diagnosis of this condition and in choosing the need to proceed with emergent surgical intervention. In addition, we present an unexpected cause of orbital compartment syndrome following routine frontal sinus irrigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2015.0524DOI Listing
June 2015
3 Reads

Iatrogenic fracture of the superomedial orbital rim during frontal trephine irrigation.

Ear Nose Throat J 2014 Dec;93(12):502-6

ENT Consultants, St. John's, Newfoundland.

Frontal sinus trephination (FST) has numerous applications in the treatment of acute and chronic sinus disease. This procedure involves making an incision at the medial aspect of the supraorbital rim and then drilling the sinus's anterior table. Placement of a frontal trephine allows for irrigation of the frontal recess in order to evacuate the frontal sinus in a minimally invasive manner. Read More

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December 2014
4 Reads

Lateral canthotomy and cantholysis: emergency management of orbital compartment syndrome.

J Emerg Med 2015 Mar 16;48(3):325-30. Epub 2014 Dec 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Orbital compartment syndrome is a sight-threatening emergency. Vision may be preserved when timely intervention is performed.

Objective: To present a case of orbital compartment syndrome caused by traumatic retrobulbar hemorrhage and the procedure of lateral canthotomy and cantholysis, reviewed with photographic illustration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2014.11.002DOI Listing
March 2015
5 Reads

Space Radiation: The Number One Risk to Astronaut Health beyond Low Earth Orbit.

Life (Basel) 2014 Sep 11;4(3):491-510. Epub 2014 Sep 11.

National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI), and Center for Space Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, 6500 Main Street, Suite 910, Houston, TX 77030-1402, USA.

Projecting a vision for space radiobiological research necessitates understanding the nature of the space radiation environment and how radiation risks influence mission planning, timelines and operational decisions. Exposure to space radiation increases the risks of astronauts developing cancer, experiencing central nervous system (CNS) decrements, exhibiting degenerative tissue effects or developing acute radiation syndrome. One or more of these deleterious health effects could develop during future multi-year space exploration missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/life4030491DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4206856PMC
September 2014
6 Reads

Orbital Varix Thrombosis and Review of Orbital Vascular Anomalies in Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2015 Jul-Aug;31(4):e82-6

*South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Royal Adelaide Hospital; †Department of Radiology, Royal Adelaide Hospital; and ‡Adelaide Skin and Eye Centre, Adelaide, Australia.

A 57-year-old woman with cutaneous manifestations of (BRBNS) presented with acute left proptosis and venous congestion secondary to thrombosis within a superior ophthalmic vein varix. Multiple phleboliths were noted in the contralateral right orbit, and an incidental right middle cerebral artery aneurysm. Her symptoms spontaneously resolved within a few days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000000107DOI Listing
February 2016
11 Reads

Silent sinus syndrome as a recognised cause of unilateral painless enophthalmos.

Authors:
Weh Loong Gan

BMJ Case Rep 2014 May 23;2014. Epub 2014 May 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal Oldham Hospital, Oldham, UK.

An uncommon case of unilateral painless enophthalmos in a 44-year-old woman is presented. Despite the noticeable orbital asymmetry caused by enophthalmos, the patient has normal visual acuities in both eyes with unremarkable ophthalmic examination. Diagnosis of silent sinus syndrome was confirmed on the CT orbits and paranasal sinuses, showing complete opacification and atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/cgi/doi/10.1136/bcr-2014-203954
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2014-203954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4039902PMC
May 2014
22 Reads

Orbital inflammatory disease in relapsing polychondritis.

Orbit 2014 Aug 15;33(4):298-301. Epub 2014 May 15.

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre , Ophthalmology , Singapore and.

We present a 73-year-old Chinese male with bilateral relapsing, remitting orbital inflammatory disease associated with relapsing polychondritis. He first presented with right orbital inflammation that did not improve despite antibiotic treatment. Computer tomography (CT) of the orbits showed a soft tissue mass along the roof of the orbit, which was biopsied, revealing acute on chronic inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01676830.2014.902479DOI Listing
August 2014
4 Reads

Traumatic orbital compartment syndrome: importance of the lateral canthomy and cantholysis.

Emerg Med Australas 2014 Jun 8;26(3):274-8. Epub 2014 May 8.

Discipline of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology and Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is an ophthalmic emergency that requires urgent surgical decompression to preserve vision.

Objective: To describe the clinical presentation, management and outcomes for patients with traumatic OCS.

Methods: Retrospective case series of eight patients with OCS secondary to blunt trauma presenting to the Royal Adelaide Hospital between 2004 and 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.12236DOI Listing
June 2014
9 Reads