330 results match your criteria Acute Obstructive Uropathy Imaging

Incidental discovery of endourethral clip migration 10 years after radical prostatectomy: A case report and review of the literature.

Urologia 2021 Mar 10:3915603211001177. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

First Department of Urology, "G. Gennimatas" General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Medicine, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction: Surgical clips (SCs) have been widely used for a variety of surgical procedures over the years. Despite their advantages and proven effectiveness, several clip-related complications have been reported, creating dilemmas as to their optimal use.

Case Description: Herein, we present a rare delayed and incidental discovery of two endourethral metallic SCs in a 77-year-old male seeking treatment for acute renal colic. Read More

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Pleural effusion and ascites in extrarenal lymphangiectasia caused by post-biopsy hematoma: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Dec;8(24):6330-6336

Department of Nephrology, The First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050000, Hebei Province, China.

Background: The renal system has a specific pleural effusion associated with it in the form of "urothorax", a condition where obstructive uropathy or occlusion of the lymphatic ducts leads to extravasated fluids (urine or lymph) crossing the diaphragm innate perforations or lymphatic channels. As a rare disorder that may cause pleural effusion, renal lymphangiectasia is a congenital or acquired abnormality of the lymphatic system of the kidneys. As vaguely mentioned in a report from the American Journal of Kidney Diseases, this disorder can be caused by extrinsic compression of the kidney secondary to hemorrhage. Read More

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December 2020

Massive inguinoscrotal herniation of the bladder: challenges in non-operative management.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Dec 28;2020(12):rjaa540. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Urology, Eastbourne District General Hospital, Eastbourne, UK.

Massive inguinoscrotal hernias containing the bladder are rare but can present with significant complications such as obstructive uropathy and urinary sepsis. A comorbid 71-year-old gentleman presented with an enlarging inguinoscrotal mass and an acute kidney injury (AKI). Imaging revealed a large inguinoscrotal hernia containing the bladder, and bilateral hydronephrosis. Read More

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December 2020

Acute kidney injury in patients hospitalized with febrile urinary tract infections: A prospective observational study.

Clin Nephrol 2021 Mar;95(3):127-135

Background: Febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) can be associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). We aimed to study the risk factors for AKI, its pathophysiological categories, and the role of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) in differentiating these categories in patients hospitalized with fUTI.

Materials And Methods: We prospectively studied patients with fUTI admitted to the Department of Medicine of a tertiary care hospital in southern India from January 2017 to December 2018. Read More

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Bilateral renal haematuria and obstructive renal failure from acquired haemophilia A: a medical cause for a surgical problem.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Dec 17;13(12). Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Urology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

A 55-year-old male presented to our emergency department with haematuria and abdominal pain. Investigations including a computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an intraluminal filling defect within the left collecting system, consistent in appearance with blood clot. With an initial working diagnosis of upper tract urothelial cell carcinoma, he was discharged with plans for an urgent cystoscopy and ureteroscopy. Read More

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December 2020

Pleural Effusion Secondary to Obstructive Uropathy: A Case of Urinothorax.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2020 16;7(12):001865. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

Urinothorax is a rare type of pleural effusion and usually the result of genitourinary tract disease. An accurate and early diagnosis is crucial as resolution of the underlying pathology is the mainstay of treatment. We report the case of a 69-year-old man who was admitted to the Internal Medicine ward due to obstructive acute kidney injury of unknown origin. Read More

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September 2020

Are anterior urethral valve and anterior urethral diverticulum two separate entities: A radiological and endoscopic review.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Feb 4;17(1):101.e1-101.e9. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, DODA Imaging, PUSA Road, New Delhi, India.

Background: Anterior urethral valve (AUV) and anterior urethral diverticulum (AUD) are two rare causes of anterior urethral obstruction with variable presentation and anatomy. Their existence as the same or different entity is still debatable, and management has not yet been standardized.

Objective: This study is a retrospective review of cases diagnosed with anterior urethral obstruction and correlation of radiological and endoscopic anatomy of AUV and AUD. Read More

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February 2021

[Laparoscopic ureteral substitution: ileocalicostomy combined with psoas hitch].

Urologiia 2020 11(5):78-81

Privolzhskiy Research Medical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.

A 50-year-old female presented to our department of urology with nephrostomy drain in the right kidney been placed because of an acute obstructive pyelonephritis. Nephrostogram revealed an intra-renal pelvis with no passage of contrast into the ureter. Retrograde pyelography identified the extended ureteric stricture and need for a substitution. Read More

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November 2020

Percutaneous nephrostomy versus JJ ureteric stent as the initial drainage method in kidney stone patients presenting with acute kidney injury: A prospective randomized study.

Int J Urol 2020 10 26;27(10):916-921. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Objective: To compare percutaneous nephrostomy tube versus JJ stent as an initial urinary drainage procedure in kidney stone patients presenting with acute kidney injury.

Methods: Between January 2017 and January 2019, 143 patients with acute kidney injury secondary to obstructive kidney stone were prospectively randomized into the percutaneous nephrostomy tube group (71 patients) and JJ stent group (72 patients) at Beni-Suef University Hospital, Beni-Suef, Egypt. Exclusion criteria included candidates for acute dialysis, fever (>38°C), pyonephrosis, pregnancy and uncontrolled coagulopathy. Read More

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October 2020

Obstructive uropathy in the context of ureteroinguinal hernia: experience of challenges in surgical management of an unwell patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Aug 24;13(8). Epub 2020 Aug 24.

General Surgery Department, John Radcliffe NHS Trust, Banbury, UK.

This case exemplifies an unusual anatomical variation of a common presentation and highlights the importance of perioperative diagnosis and planning in complex surgical patients. A 72-year-old comorbid man presented to the emergency department with an infected obstructed right kidney secondary to an obstructing 12 mm vesicoureteric junction calculi. However, imaging also showed concurrent ureteroinguinal hernia associated with a 130 cm-long ureter, too long for conventional treatment with a ureteric stent. Read More

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Extramedullary Acute Myeloid Leukemia of the Renal Pelvis: Insights into a Visceral Niche.

Acta Haematol 2021 19;144(3):297-301. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Department of Medicine - Hematology and Oncology, UMass Memorial Medical Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA,

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a stem cell malignancy that originates in the bone marrow and involves the peripheral blood. Extramedullary AML is rarer, but it is most commonly associated with the former French-American-British (FAB) subtypes M4 or M5 of AML. AML cells may also home to the central nervous system and other solid organs such as cortical bone and skin. Read More

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The Relationship between Ureteral Obstruction Time and Secondary Signs in Computed Tomography due to Ureteral Stone Obstruction.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2020 07;30(7):678-682

Department of Radiology, Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

Objective: To investigate the relationship between numerical values obtained using computed tomography (CT) in stone-related urinary obstruction and the duration of obstruction.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Department of Urology, Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Turkey, from January 2018 to September 2019. Read More

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Predictors of adverse prognosis in COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Clin Invest 2020 Oct 27;50(10):e13362. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

School of Biomedical Engineering & Imaging Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Identification of reliable outcome predictors in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is of paramount importance for improving patient's management.

Methods: A systematic review of literature was conducted until 24 April 2020. From 6843 articles, 49 studies were selected for a pooled assessment; cumulative statistics for age and sex were retrieved in 587 790 and 602 234 cases. Read More

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October 2020

Unusual fetal ascites and spontaneous bladder rupture in a female fetus: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2020 Jul 19;14(1):115. Epub 2020 Jul 19.

CHU Toulouse, Pole de Gynécologie Obstétrique, Hôpital Paule de Viguier, 31059, Toulouse, France.

Background: Fetal bladder rupture causing urinary ascites is uncommon. It is generally related to invasive fetal medicine procedures or obstructive disorders such as in posterior urethral valves in male fetuses. An exceptional case of spontaneous bladder rupture in a female fetus occurred in a pregnant woman treated with high doses of opiates in an intensive care unit. Read More

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Metastatic Plasmacytoid Bladder Cancer Harboring a CDH-1 Mutation and Producing High Levels of CA 19-9. A Case Report and Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Jul 9;21:e923130. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Hematology/Oncology, The University of Kansas Cancer Center, Westwood, KS, USA.

BACKGROUND Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) is a rare and aggressive variant of urothelial cancers. Herein, we report a patient with CDH-1 mutated PUC who presented with disseminated peritoneal metastasis and high levels of CA 19-9. CASE REPORT A 65-year-old female presented to the hospital with vomiting, obstructive jaundice, and acute renal failure. Read More

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A rare case of herniated duplex collecting system causing obstructive uropathy.

BMC Urol 2020 Jul 1;20(1):83. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Medicine, St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: An inguinal hernia is the protrusion of intraabdominal organs through an opening in the abdominal wall. Structures such as small and large intestines are commonly contained within inguinal hernias. However, uretero-inguinal hernia of the native collecting system is an extremely rarely reported entity. Read More

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Postrenal Acute Renal Failure Due to Giant Fecaloma-related Bilateral Hydronephrosis: A Case Report and Brief Literature Review.

Cureus 2020 Apr 24;12(4):e7815. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Urology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, TUR.

An 88-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal distention, fever, and constipation of about a week's duration. Laboratory tests showed impaired kidney function tests and fluid electrolyte values. Bilateral hydroureteronephrosis was observed on non-contrasted abdominal CT. Read More

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A Particular Form of "Urolithiasis" in a Toddler.

Pediatrics 2020 06;145(6)

Department of Woman, Child and General and Specialist Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.

Milk of calcium is a viscous colloidal suspension of calcium salts that forms in dilated cysts or cavities. We present, for the first time in literature, a toddler with isolated milk of calcium and treated with a conservative approach. A boy with a history of one urinary tract infection and recurrent fever without vesicoureteral reflux showed at the age of 14 months a left obstructive staghorn stone. Read More

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ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Radiologic Management of Urinary Tract Obstruction.

J Am Coll Radiol 2020 May;17(5S):S281-S292

Specialty Chair, University of Chicago Hospital, Chicago, Illinois.

Acute obstructive uropathy is a medical emergency, which often is accompanied by acute renal failure or sepsis. Treatment options to resolve the acute obstructive process include conservative medical management, retrograde ureteral stenting, or placement of percutaneous nephrostomy or nephroureteral catheters. It is important to understand the various treatment options in differing clinical scenarios in order to guide appropriate consultation. Read More

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Renal involvement in IgG4-related disease.

Presse Med 2020 Apr 29;49(1):104017. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

Inserm UMRS 1155, department of pathology, Sorbonne université, hôpital Tenon, AP-HP, 75020 Paris, France.

IgG4-RD may affect several organs including kidneys. The kidney is involved in approximately 20% of patient with IgG4-RD. The most common intrinsic kidney disease is tubulointerstitial nephritis (IgG4-TIN). Read More

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[Native kidney ultrasound in obstructive uropathy].

G Ital Nefrol 2020 Feb 12;37(1). Epub 2020 Feb 12.

UOC Nefrologia e Dialisi, A.O. "Cannizzaro", Catania. Scuola Nazionale di Ecografia Nefrologica, società Italiana di Ultrasonologia in Medicina e Chirurgia (SIUMB), Catania. Commissione Didattica Iter Formativo in Ecografia Nefrologica Società Italiana di Nefrologia.

The term "obstructive uropathy" refers to the complex structural and functional changes following the interruption of normal urinary runoff, which can occur at every level of the urinary tract. Depending on its origin, duration and severity, urinary tract obstructions can be acute or chronic, mono or bilateral, partial or complete. The obstruction can be localized or extended to the entire pielo-caliceal system and/or homolateral urethra. Read More

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February 2020

The influence of atrial fibrillation on the mortality of incident ESRD patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(1):e0228405. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly prevalent, occurring in 1%-2% of the adult population, increasing the risk of stroke, and resulting in considerable healthcare costs. While stroke is a major complication of AF, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients also have a high risk of stroke, suggesting that AF is a possible risk factor for mortality of ESRD patients. However, whether the existence of AF at the initiation of hemodialysis predicts higher mortality risk of incident ESRD patients remains to be defined. Read More

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[Focused Abdominal Ultrasound in Emergency, Perioperative and Intensive Care Medicine].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2020 01 20;145(2):104-117. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

The rising impact of perioperative sonography is mainly based on mobile high quality ultrasound systems. Relevant bleedings or functional limitations of the abdomen are easy to identify with sonography. The FAST-Concept can be the first access to continue proceedings in ultrasound examination of the abdomen. Read More

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January 2020

Effect of Ultrafiltration on Sleep Apnea and Cardiac Function in End-Stage Renal Disease.

Am J Nephrol 2020 14;51(2):139-146. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Sleep Research Laboratory of the University Health Network, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada,

Rationale: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have high annual mortality mainly due to cardiovascular causes. The acute effects of obstructive and central sleep apnea on cardiac function in ESRD patients have not been determined. We therefore tested, in patients with ESRD, the hypotheses that (1) sleep apnea induces deterioration in cardiac function overnight and (2) attenuation of sleep apnea severity by ultrafiltration (UF) attenuates this deterioration. Read More

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February 2021

Validity of urine neutrophile gelatinase-associated lipocalin in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux.

Int Urol Nephrol 2020 Apr 10;52(4):599-602. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the most common congenital urinary tract abnormality in children. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).

Materials And Methods: A total of 69 patients were evaluated in 2 groups with (32) and without (37) VUR. Read More

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Bilateral calcified ureteral stenosis in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Nov 5;12(11). Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Okinawa Chubu Hospital, Uruma, Japan

Ureteral calcification is a rare complication of systemic vasculitis. Bilateral ureteral calcification in a patient with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis led to obstructive uropathy. A combination of immunosuppressive therapy and ureteral reconstruction successfully restored kidney function. Read More

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November 2019

Juxtarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Results of Open Surgery in an Academic Center.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 Jul 18;66:28-34. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Departamento de Cirugía Vascular y Endovascular, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Background: The objective of the study is to report our experience with conventional surgery for juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (JRAs) by evaluating incidence of acute renal failure and perioperative mortality. Secondary objectives are to evaluate general morbidity and the need for permanent postoperative dialysis and to assess the influence on long-term survival of preoperative risk factors and deterioration of perioperative renal function.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 110 patients with JRA electively treated by open surgery between March 1992 and March 2018 was made. Read More

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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting as nephromegaly in a child: A rare case report.

Turk J Pediatr 2019;61(1):97-101

Department of Pediatrics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Arora SK, Swarnim S, Hemal A, Bidhuri N. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting as nephromegaly in a child: A rare case report. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 97-101. Read More

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January 2020

Urogenital tuberculosis - epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical features.

Nat Rev Urol 2019 10 23;16(10):573-598. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common cause of death from infectious disease worldwide. A substantial proportion of patients presenting with extrapulmonary TB have urogenital TB (UG-TB), which can easily be overlooked owing to non-specific symptoms, chronic and cryptic protean clinical manifestations, and lack of clinician awareness of the possibility of TB. Delay in diagnosis results in disease progression, irreversible tissue and organ damage and chronic renal failure. Read More

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October 2019

Ultrasound evidence of bladder outlet obstruction secondary to lichen sclerosus et atrophicus in boys (balanitis xerotica obliterans).

J Pediatr Surg 2020 Apr 13;55(4):721-725. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Department of Surgery, Alder Hey Children's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, East Prescott Road, Liverpool, L14 5AB, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Lichen sclerosus (LS), (balanitis xerotica obliterans), causes pathological phimosis. Many boys present with obstructive symptoms, the cause is usually obvious on examination so ultrasound scans (USS) of the urinary tract are not routinely indicated. We review a series of abnormal USS in boys with LS. Read More

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