80 results match your criteria Acute Leukemias of Ambiguous Lineage


Toxicity Profile of PEG-Asparaginase in Adult Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Brazil: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2020 Apr 13. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo (ICESP), Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Currently, pediatric-inspired regimens are commonly applied to adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after the recent recognition that these protocols improve survival. While asparaginase in whatever available formulation is a key component of modern treatment of ALL, many adult oncologists and hematologists struggle to deal with its particular toxicities in clinical practice. We reviewed toxicity outcomes of pegylated asparaginase (PEG-ASP) in adults with ALL treated in 3 reference centers in Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2020.04.001DOI Listing

Diagnostic workup of acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage.

Am J Hematol 2020 06 19;95(6):718-722. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) comprise acute undifferentiated leukemias (AUL) and mixed-phenotype acute leukemias (MPAL). In the revised fourth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification provided further refinements to the diagnostic criteria for ALAL. Molecular characterization of MPALs using comprehensive next-generation sequencing (NGS) has provided insights into their underlying biology and enabled a deeper understanding of ALAL classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25771DOI Listing

Molecular Complete Remission Following Ivosidenib in a Patient With an Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2020 01;18(1):6-10

Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, and.

Acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) is a subtype of acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage. There is no standard treatment approach for AUL, although acute lymphoblastic leukemia-like regimens for induction therapy have been used. Additional data suggest that AUL may be better treated as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), given their similarities in genetic, cytogenetic, and gene expression patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2019.7368DOI Listing
January 2020

Refined Disease Risk Index for Hematological Malignancies, Including Rare Disorders, After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2019 Dec 14;51(10):3437-3443. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: The refined disease risk index (R-DRI) is a well-designed prognostic parameter that is based on only the disease type and status and is used for stratifying patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo HSCT) into 4 risk groups. However, the application of the R-DRI for rare diseases has remained unclear.

Methods: We evaluated 135 patients who underwent allo HSCT for hematological malignancies including rare diseases, such as acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage, acute T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, extranodal natural killer T-cell lymphoma, and lymphoblastic lymphoma, at our institute. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.08.044DOI Listing
December 2019

Mixed-phenotype acute leukemia: A cohort and consensus research strategy from the Children's Oncology Group Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage Task Force.

Cancer 2020 Feb 29;126(3):593-601. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta/Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Optimal chemotherapy for treating mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) and the role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remain uncertain. Major limitations in interpreting available data are MPAL's rarity and the use of definitions other than the currently widely accepted criteria: the World Health Organization 2016 (WHO2016) classification.

Methods: To assess the relative efficacy of chemotherapy types for treating pediatric MPAL, the Children's Oncology Group (COG) Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage Task Force assembled a retrospective cohort of centrally reviewed WHO2016 MPAL cases selected from banking studies for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32552DOI Listing
February 2020

Multiparametric Flow Cytometry in Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2019 Jul 13;35(3):451-458. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

3Department of Medical Oncology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Mixed phenotype acute leukaemia (MPAL) is a diverse group of leukemia of ambiguous lineage diagnosed when blasts in peripheral blood and/or bone marrow have antigens of more than one lineage or a mosaic of blasts belonging to more than one lineage. Retrospective analysis of 218 consecutive cases of acute leukaemia diagnosed by multiparametric flow cytometry (FCM) was done. MPAL cases were identified in accordance with European Group for the Immunological Classification of Leukaemias Criteria and World Health Organization 2008/2016 guidelines for lineage assignment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-019-01101-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6646430PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

Genetic Testing in the Diagnosis and Biology of Acute Leukemia.

Am J Clin Pathol 2019 08;152(3):322-346

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis.

Objectives: The 2017 Workshop of the Society for Hematopathology/European Association for Haematopathology examined the role of molecular genetics in the diagnosis and biology of acute leukemia.

Methods: Acute leukemias were reviewed in two sessions: "Genetic Testing in Diagnosis of Acute Leukemias" (53 cases) and "Genetics Revealing the Biology of Acute Leukemias" (41 cases).

Results: Cases included acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, and acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/aqz093DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Acute Leukemias of Ambiguous Lineage: Clarification on Lineage Specificity.

Surg Pathol Clin 2019 Sep;12(3):687-697

Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital, BCH 3027, 300 Longwood Avenue Bader 126.2, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) include acute undifferentiated leukemia and mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL). This article provides an overview of the diagnosis of ALAL and focuses on the data accounting for the current lineage-assignment criteria for blasts harboring more than one lineage-associated marker. In addition, the currently known molecular data are reviewed, which show that MPAL-associated gene mutations, methylation signatures, and expression profiles are a mixture of those seen in both acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.path.2019.03.008DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Triangle collaboration assessment of autophagy, ER stress and hypoxia in leukemogenesis: a bright perspective on the molecular recognition of B-ALL.

Arch Physiol Biochem 2019 Jul 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

b HSCT Research Center, Laboratory Hematology and Blood Banking Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is the most common acute leukemia in childhood and adults, which caused by many various crystalline and unclear agents. Owning to this matter, no significant progress has been made in the patients-recovery. Recently, autophagy pathway is considered as an ambiguous agent in leukemia evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13813455.2019.1635163DOI Listing
July 2019
4 Reads

T-lymphoid/myeloid mixed phenotype acute leukemia and early T-cell precursor lymphoblastic leukemia similarities with mutation as a good prognostic factor.

Cancer Manag Res 2019 2;11:3933-3943. Epub 2019 May 2.

Paediatric Haematology-Oncology Program, Research Centre, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

T-lymphoid/Myeloid Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (T/M-MPAL) is ambiguous leukemia which overlaps with early T-cell precursor lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL). We have revisited the immunophenotyping profile of T/M-MPAL and ETP-ALL to identify differences and/or similarities, as these entities represent a therapeutic challenge in clinical practice. A total of 26 ETP-ALL and 10 T/M-MPAL cases were identified among 857 cases of childhood leukemia (T-ALL, n=266 and AML, n=591) before any treatment decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S196574DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6504706PMC
May 2019
7 Reads

Multiparameter flow cytometry applications in the diagnosis of mixed phenotype acute leukemia.

Cytometry B Clin Cytom 2019 05 29;96(3):183-194. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Hematology Biology, CHU Nantes & CRCINA, Nantes, France.

Mixed phenotype acute leukemias (MPALs) represent a rare subgroup of acute leukemias with a poor prognosis. Proper diagnosis and classification of MPAL is extremely important for patients' outcome. Morphology and flow cytometry recognize two types of MPAL: the "bilineal" MPAL with the coexistence of two blast populations of different lineage and truly "biphenotypic" MPAL coexpressing markers of more than one lineage in a homogenous blast population, respectively. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cyto.b.21783
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cyto.b.21783DOI Listing
May 2019
11 Reads

F-FDG PET/CT for extramedullary relapse of acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage.

Rev Esp Med Nucl Imagen Mol 2019 Nov - Dec;38(6):395-396. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Servicio de Medicina Nuclear, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.remn.2019.01.009DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Biphenotypic acute leukemia or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage in childhood: clinical characteristics and outcome.

Blood Res 2019 Mar 21;54(1):63-73. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun, Korea.

Background: Acute leukemia (AL), not clearly assigned to myeloid, B-lymphoid, or T-lymphoid lineage, is classified as either biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) based on the European Group for Immunological Classification of Leukemias (EGIL) or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) encompassing acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) and mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.

Methods: Medical records of children newly diagnosed with BAL or ALAL, based on the EGIL or the 2008/2016 WHO criteria, respectively, admitted at Chonnam National University Hospital in 2001-2017 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: Twelve (3. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5045/br.2019.54.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5045/br.2019.54.1.63DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439300PMC
March 2019
23 Reads

Cytoplasmic CD3 expression in infant acute megakaryoblastic leukemia: A new ambiguous lineage subtype?

Leuk Res 2018 08 18;71:6-12. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Hospital de Pediatria prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan, Combate de los Pozos 1881, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Several conventions have been established in order to define and characterize Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia (MPAL). However, megakaryocytic markers have not been included in the definition of MPAL neither in the European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Leukemias (EGIL) proposal nor in any of the WHO Classification of Tumors issues. We report four pediatric acute leukemia (AL) cases (prevalence: 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2018.05.009DOI Listing
August 2018
32 Reads

International cooperative study identifies treatment strategy in childhood ambiguous lineage leukemia.

Blood 2018 07 2;132(3):264-276. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Charles University, Second Faculty of Medicine, Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic.

Despite attempts to improve the definitions of ambiguous lineage leukemia (ALAL) during the last 2 decades, general therapy recommendations are missing. Herein, we report a large cohort of children with ALAL and propose a treatment strategy. A retrospective multinational study (International Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Study of Leukemias of Ambiguous Lineage [iBFM-AMBI2012]) of 233 cases of pediatric ALAL patients is presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2017-12-821363DOI Listing
July 2018
69 Reads

Prognostic Value of CD95, Active Caspase-3, and Bcl-2 Expression in Adult Patients with De Novo Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Arch Med Res 2018 01 19;49(1):44-50. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Departamento de Hematología, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad, Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de México, México; Departamento de Morfología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ciudad de México, México. Electronic address:

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is an aggressive malignant disease with high mortality rates in adults.

Aim Of The Study: The expression levels of CD95, active caspase-3, and Bcl-2 were determined in 111 patients with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and correlated with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS).

Methods: The immunophenotyped ok leukemia and the expression of CD95, active caspase-3, and Bcl-2, were determined by flow cytometry. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01884409183010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcmed.2018.04.006DOI Listing
January 2018
22 Reads

Applicability of 2008 World Health Organization classification system of hematolymphoid neoplasms: Learning experiences.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2018 Jan-Mar;61(1):58-65

Department of Pathology, Tata Memorial Hospital; Department of Pathology, Hematopathology Laboratory, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematolymphoid neoplasms (HLN) has classified them based on morphology, results of various ancillary techniques, and clinical features. There are no studies looking at the applicability of WHO classification.

Aims: The aim of the study was to calculate proportions of all HLN subtypes seen during 1-year period based on 2008 WHO classification of HLN and study applicability and also shortcomings of practices in a tertiary care center in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_56_17DOI Listing
November 2018
50 Reads

An update on classification, genetics, and clinical approach to mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).

Ann Hematol 2018 Jun 15;97(6):945-953. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Unit 402, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is an uncommon diagnosis, representing only about 2-5% of acute leukemia cases. The blast cells of MPAL express multilineage immunophenotypic markers and may have a shared B/T/myeloid phenotype. Due to historical ambiguity in the diagnosis of MPAL, the genetics and clinical features of this disease remain poorly characterized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-018-3297-6DOI Listing
June 2018
17 Reads

Secondary Philadelphia chromosome acquired during therapy of acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome.

Mod Pathol 2018 07 14;31(7):1141-1154. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Department of Hematopathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

The Philadelphia chromosome resulting from t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) or its variants is a defining event in chronic myeloid leukemia. It is also observed in several types of de novo acute leukemia, commonly in B lymphoblastic leukemia, and rarely in acute myeloid leukemia, acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage, and T lymphoblastic leukemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41379-018-0014-xDOI Listing
July 2018
52 Reads
1 Citation
6.190 Impact Factor

Diagnostic Dilemma in Ambiguous Lineage Acute Leukemia: A Case Report.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2018 Jan 21;34(1):178-180. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, Rohini, Delhi India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-017-0802-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5786601PMC
January 2018
17 Reads

Mixed phenotype acute leukemia, B/myeloid, NOS with near-tetraploidy: a case report.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2017 1;10(11):11206-11210. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Acute leukemia in adults is usually associated with a myeloid phenotype, and less commonly presents as an acute lymphocytic leukemia. Rarely, the leukemic blast cells express more than one lineage phenotype and satisfy the diagnostic criteria for an acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage (ALAL), further subclassified as mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL). Near-tetraploidy is an unusual presentation of acute leukemia where the blasts contain 80-104 chromosomes. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6965837PMC
November 2017

Genomic characterization of chromosome translocations in patients with T/myeloid mixed-phenotype acute leukemia.

Leuk Lymphoma 2018 05 7;59(5):1231-1238. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

a Department of Pathology , Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine , Baltimore , MD , USA.

Mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is a progenitor type of leukemia with ambiguous expression of lineage markers. The diagnosis of MPAL is based on flow cytometric analysis of immunophenotype, which commonly identifies myeloid lineage markers as well as B- or T- lymphoid lineage markers on leukemic blasts. Due to the rare occurrence of this disease, few studies have delineated the molecular bases of MPAL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2017.1372577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390477PMC
May 2018
54 Reads

Natural Killer Cell Lymphoblastic Leukaemia/Lymphoma: Case Report and Review of the Recent Literature.

Case Rep Oncol 2017 May-Aug;10(2):588-595. Epub 2017 Jul 7.

Department of Central Military Laboratory and Blood Bank, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Natural killer (NK) cell lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphoma is a rare haemopoietic tumour currently defined in the 2008 WHO classification under the category of acute leukaemias of ambiguous lineage. A diagnosis of this type of leukaemia is considered in cases expressing CD56 along with immature T-cell-associated markers such as CD2 and CD7 with absence of B-cell and myeloid markers; in addition, blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell leukaemia should be excluded. Prior to 2008, these precursor NK cell lymphoblastic leukaemias/lymphomas were categorized as myeloid/NK cell acute leukaemia with a phenotype identical to acute myeloid leukaemia with minimal differentiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477843DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567073PMC
July 2017
59 Reads

Initial Diagnostic Workup of Acute Leukemia: Guideline From the College of American Pathologists and the American Society of Hematology.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2017 Oct 22;141(10):1342-1393. Epub 2017 Feb 22.

Context: - A complete diagnosis of acute leukemia requires knowledge of clinical information combined with morphologic evaluation, immunophenotyping and karyotype analysis, and often, molecular genetic testing. Although many aspects of the workup for acute leukemia are well accepted, few guidelines have addressed the different aspects of the diagnostic evaluation of samples from patients suspected to have acute leukemia.

Objective: - To develop a guideline for treating physicians and pathologists involved in the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of new acute leukemia samples, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, and acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2016-0504-CPDOI Listing
October 2017
150 Reads

A Rare Case of Extramedullary T/Myeloid Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia with t(1;5)(q23;q33).

Case Rep Pathol 2016 26;2016:8937940. Epub 2016 Dec 26.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is a rare neoplasm which accounts for 2-5% of all leukemias and it is classified under heading of acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage in 2008 WHO classification. This patient was a 61-year-old man who presented with malaise and weakness. In physical examination there was cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripa/2016/8937940/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8937940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5220414PMC
December 2016
57 Reads

Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage in Elderly Patients - Analysis of Survival Using Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Database.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2017 02 23;17(2):100-107. Epub 2016 Nov 23.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, Little Rock, AR.

Background: Acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) is a rare leukemia with sparse data availability about the survival and management strategies in elderly patients.

Methods: We used the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database to describe the overall survival (OS) and treatment pattern of elderly patients (age > 65 years) with ALAL. OS analysis was done using the Kaplan-Meier method, and its determinants were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazard regression method with a significant P < . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2016.11.007DOI Listing
February 2017
27 Reads

Clonal conversion of B lymphoid leukemia reveals cross-lineage transfer of malignant states.

Genes Dev 2016 11 2;30(22):2486-2499. Epub 2016 Dec 2.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Experimental Hematopoiesis Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, 58183 Linkoping, Sweden.

Even though leukemia is considered to be confined to one specific hematopoietic cell type, cases of acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage and patients relapsing in phenotypically altered disease suggest that a malignant state may be transferred between lineages. Because B-cell leukemia is associated with mutations in transcription factors of importance for stable preservation of lineage identity, we here investigated the potential lineage plasticity of leukemic cells. We report that primary pro-B leukemia cells from mice carrying heterozygous mutations in either or both the Pax5 and Ebf1 genes, commonly mutated in human leukemia, can be converted into T lineage leukemia cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/gad.285536.116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5159664PMC
November 2016
28 Reads

Diagnosis and Classification of Acute Leukemia in Bone Marrow Trephine Biopsies, Utility of a Selected Panel of Minimal Immunohistochemical Markers.

Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res 2016 Jul;10(3):138-46

Professor, Department of Pathology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, India.

Background: Acute leukemias are characterized by neoplastic proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells and accumulation of blasts and immature cells in bone marrow. We applied a selective panel of immunohistochemical markers on bone marrow trephine tissue sections and observed their utility in diagnosis and typing of acute leukemia.

Materials And Methods: The study was done at PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research from 1st January, 2008 to 30th June, 2012. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4969558PMC
July 2016
17 Reads

Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia with Low Hypodiploidy in a Pediatric Patient.

J Pediatr Oncol 2015;3(1):24-28. Epub 2015 Mar 25.

Division of Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

We describe the case of a 16 year-old female with mixed phenotype acute leukemia B/myeloid, NOS (formerly biphenotypic leukemia) with masked hypodiploidy and somatic and deletions. She achieved morphologic remission with lymphoid-directed multi-agent chemotherapy, but experienced an early medullary relapse 11 months from initial diagnosis. Her case details the unusual finding of hypodiploidy in a patient with ambiguous lineage leukemia and highlights the complexity of therapy selection for these high-risk patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14205/2309-3021.2015.03.01.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4626005PMC
March 2015
15 Reads

Acute leukemias of ambiguous origin.

Am J Clin Pathol 2015 Sep;144(3):361-76

Immunology Laboratory, University Hospital of Nancy-Brabois, Nancy, France.

Objectives: This session of the Society for Hematopathology/European Association for Haematopathology Workshop focused on acute leukemias of ambiguous origin.

Methods: We provide an overview of mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) as recognized in the current World Health Organization classification and summarize diagnostic criteria for major categories of MPAL: B/myeloid, T/myeloid, B/T, and B/T/myeloid.

Results: Most MPAL cases submitted were B/myeloid and T/myeloid MPAL, the most frequent types, but three cases of B/T MPAL were also submitted, and examples of all categories are illustrated. Read More

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http://ajcp.oxfordjournals.org/content/ajcpath/144/3/361.ful
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http://ajcp.ascpjournals.org/cgi/doi/10.1309/AJCPSTU55DRQEGT
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/AJCPSTU55DRQEGTEDOI Listing
September 2015
31 Reads

A rare case of acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage overexpressing C-MYC with monosomy 7 and Philadelphia chromosome.

Ann Hematol 2015 Oct 11;94(10):1761-3. Epub 2015 Jul 11.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Division of Hematopathology, Eastern Ontario Regional Laboratory Association, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Canada,

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http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00277-015-2443
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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00277-015-2443-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-015-2443-7DOI Listing
October 2015
14 Reads

Novel r(2)(p25q31) cytogenetic abnormality in a pediatric patient with acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage.

Pediatr Dev Pathol 2015 Jan-Feb;18(1):76-9. Epub 2014 Dec 1.

1 Department of Pathology, Children's Medical Center, Parkland Health and Hospital System, and UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

We describe a case of acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage with a novel cytogenetic abnormality. A 1-year-old boy presented with abnormal complete blood count findings, and was found to have blasts and mild dysgranulopoiesis. The blasts showed immunophenotypic evidence of myeloid and T-lineage differentiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2350/14-07-1521-CR.1DOI Listing
March 2015
49 Reads

Reduced-toxicity myeloablative conditioning consisting of 8-Gy total body irradiation, cyclophosphamide and fludarabine for pediatric hematological malignancies.

Sci Rep 2014 Nov 6;4:6942. Epub 2014 Nov 6.

Department of Pediatrics, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Conventional myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens often cause severe regimen-related toxicity (RRT). Furthermore, many patients suffer from poor quality of life in accordance with the increase in long-term survivors. We therefore devised a reduced-toxicity myeloablative conditioning (RTMAC) regimen consisting of 8-Gy total body irradiation (TBI), fludarabine (FLU) and cyclophosphamide (CY) for pediatric hematological malignancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep06942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4221788PMC
November 2014
47 Reads

Acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage with trisomy 4 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality: A case report and literature review.

Leuk Res Rep 2014 2;3(2):33-5. Epub 2014 May 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, 4801 Alberta Avenue, El Paso, TX 79905, USA.

We describe a patient with acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage who had trisomy 4 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality. Clinical, pathological, immunophenotypic and molecular features are presented and compared with the previous 4 published cases. Over expression of c-kit, which is localized to chromosome 4, was documented on the leukemic blasts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lrr.2014.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4050287PMC
June 2014
12 Reads

A Bi-Lineal Acute Leukemia (T/Myeloid, NOS) with Complex Cytogenetic Abnormalities.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2013 Jun 3;29(2):119-22. Epub 2012 May 3.

Department of Haematology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, 110060 India.

We report an unusual case of bi-lineal mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (T/Myeloid, NOS) with complex cytogenetic abnormalities in a 2-year-old boy. Despite attaining complete remission with therapy, he succumbed to status epilepticus following febrile illness. Flow cytometry represents the current standard of care for the diagnosis of this malignancy and the approach adopted in our case is discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-012-0157-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3636356PMC
June 2013
28 Reads

Langerhans cell histiocytosis in acute leukemias of ambiguous or myeloid lineage in adult patients: support for a possible clonal relationship.

Mod Pathol 2014 May 1;27(5):651-6. Epub 2013 Nov 1.

Special Hematology Laboratory, Division of Hematopathology, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Four patients presented with acute leukemia of ambiguous or myeloid lineage in association with Langerhans cell histiocytosis and provide evidence suggesting a common origin of the two neoplasms. One patient had a non-constitutional trisomy 21 in both the leukemic blasts and the Langerhans cells indicative of a clonal relationship. A second case expressed CD2, CD13, and CD117 on both the Langerhans cells and the blasts suggesting a possible clonal relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.2013.181DOI Listing
May 2014
33 Reads

Two cases of near-tetraploidy in acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage.

Ann Lab Med 2013 Sep 8;33(5):371-4. Epub 2013 Aug 8.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3343/alm.2013.33.5.371DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3756245PMC
September 2013
17 Reads

Cytogenetic abnormalities in acute leukaemia of ambiguous lineage: an overview.

Br J Haematol 2013 Oct 25;163(1):24-39. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

Laboratory of Health Physics & Enviromental Health, Department of Cytogenetics, National Centre for Scientific Research (NCSR) "Demokritos", Aghia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece.

Acute leukaemia of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) is a rare complex entity with heterogeneous clinical, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic and molecular genetic features and adverse outcome. According to World Health Organization 2008 classification, ALAL encompasses those leukaemias that show no clear evidence of differentiation along a single lineage. The rarity of ALAL and the lack of uniform diagnostic criteria have made it difficult to establish its cytogenetic features, although cytogenetic analysis reveals clonal chromosomal abnormalities in 59-91% of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.12484DOI Listing
October 2013
15 Reads

MicroRNA profiling can classify acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage as either acute myeloid leukemia or acute lymphoid leukemia.

Clin Cancer Res 2013 Apr 26;19(8):2187-96. Epub 2013 Feb 26.

Department of Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Classification of acute leukemia is based on the commitment of leukemic cells to the myeloid or the lymphoid lineage. However, a small percentage of acute leukemia cases lack straightforward immunophenotypical lineage commitment. These leukemias of ambiguous lineage represent a heterogeneous category of acute leukemia that cannot be classified as either acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-3657DOI Listing
April 2013
29 Reads

Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage in adults: molecular and clinical characterization.

Ann Hematol 2013 Jun 15;92(6):747-58. Epub 2013 Feb 15.

Department of Hematology, Oncology and Tumor Immunology, Charité University Hospital Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany.

Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage represent a heterogeneous group of rare, poorly characterized leukemias with adverse outcome. No larger studies have yet performed a combined approach of molecular and clinical characterization of acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) and biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) in adults. Here we describe 16 adults with AUL and 26 with BAL and performed mutational as well as expression studies of genes with prognostic impact in acute leukemia (BAALC, ERG, MN1, WT1, and IGFBP7). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-013-1694-4DOI Listing
June 2013
24 Reads

A threshold of 10% for myeloperoxidase by flow cytometry is valid to classify acute leukemia of ambiguous and myeloid origin.

Cytometry B Clin Cytom 2013 Mar 16;84(2):114-8. Epub 2013 Jan 16.

Department of Hematology, Cancer Centre Amsterdam, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: According to WHO 2008 guidelines, an important role is designated for cytoplasmic myeloperoxidase (cMPO) as measured by flow cytometry for classifying acute leukemia of myeloid or ambiguous origin (AML or MPAL). However, no threshold with respect to expression level and percentage positive cells is provided. Since the expression of solely cMPO can change the diagnosis from acute lymphoid leukemia into MPAL in the current WHO 2008, a consensus is needed for the cut-off for cMPO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cyto.b.21072DOI Listing
March 2013
37 Reads

Allo-HSCT for acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage in adults: the comparison between standard conditioning and intensified conditioning regimens.

Ann Hematol 2013 May 30;92(5):679-87. Epub 2012 Dec 30.

Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou Dadao North Street no. 1838, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Knowledge concerning the clinical and biological characteristics of acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) is limited so that there has been a lack of uniformity in treatment. In this report, we retrospectively investigated the effect of intensified conditioning on adult ALAL undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). A total of 59 patients with ALAL (male in 37 cases and female in 22 cases) were consecutively enrolled in the data analyses. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00277-012-1662
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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00277-012-1662-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-012-1662-4DOI Listing
May 2013
41 Reads

Case study interpretation--Portland: Case 4. Acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage, unclassifiable.

Cytometry B Clin Cytom 2012 May 19;82(3):186-91. Epub 2012 Mar 19.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cyto.b.21015DOI Listing
May 2012
12 Reads

Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2012 Feb;29(1):12-8

Laboratoire d'Immunologie du CHU and Nancy Université, Vandoeuvre lès Nancy, France.

The 2008 edition of the WHO Classification of Tumors of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues recognizes a special category called "leukemias of ambiguous lineage." The vast majority of these rare leukemias are classified as mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL), although acute undifferentiated leukemias and natural killer lymphoblastic leukemias are also included. The major immunophenotypic markers used by the WHO 2008 to determine the lineage for these proliferations are myeloperoxidase, CD19, and cytoplasmic CD3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semdp.2011.08.004DOI Listing
February 2012
21 Reads

Oddballs: acute leukemias of mixed phenotype and ambiguous origin.

Authors:
David P Steensma

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2011 Dec;25(6):1235-53

Adult Leukemia Program, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Suite D1B30 (Mayer 1B21), Boston, MA 02215, USA.

From the standpoint of the hematopathologist, attempts to dissect the immunophenotype and other lineage-defining characteristics of the puzzling group of acute leukemias of ambiguous origin have prompted considerable discussion and debate. For clinicians, however, such definitions, although academically interesting, as yet give relatively little insight into the most appropriate therapy, and patients with MPAL continue to do poorly compared with more typical AML or ALL cases. The most recent WHO 2008 MPAL definitions are provocative, but represent a major change from the previous EGIL BAL classification, and the clinical relevance of this change has yet to be established. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S088985881100111
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hoc.2011.09.014DOI Listing
December 2011
12 Reads

[Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage in adults: a comparison between the conditioning of different intensities].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2011 May;91(20):1379-83

Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the conditioning of different intensities for acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALAL).

Methods: A total of 38 ALAL patients were treated with two conditioning of different intensities in our hospital from March 2002 to August 2010. The standard conditioning included TBI + Cy or Bu + Cy, intensified conditioning included Fludarabine + Ara-C + TBI + Cy. Read More

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May 2011
20 Reads

Immunocytochemical markers in acute leukaemias diagnosis.

Exp Oncol 2010 Sep;32(3):195-9

RE Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology of NAS of Ukraine, Vasylkivska str 45, Kyiv 03022, Ukraine.

The study included 1742 patients with acute myeloblastic leukaemias (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemias (ALL), Kyiv city residents and patients from 20 regions of Ukraine. Bone marrow and blood smears were sent at diagnosis to Reference Center. The analysis was based on May-Grünvald-Giemza (MGG) stain and cytochemical reactions (MPO, acNSE, CAE, AP, PAS). Read More

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September 2010
12 Reads

[Acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage with monosomy 7 and Philadelphia chromosome].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2011 Jan;52(1):23-7

Department of Medicine, Yamaguchi Prefectural Medical Center.

A 67-year-old female was admitted with a diagnosis of acute leukemia. Immature blasts did not show cytoplasmic granules and were POX(-), ES(-), and PAS(+). Flow cytometry of leukemic cells demonstrated positivity for CD7, CD10, CD19, CD13, CD34, HLA-DR, and coexpression of CD7 and CD34, CD10 and HLA-DR, and CD19 and CD13. Read More

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January 2011
12 Reads

[Successful selection of chemotherapy based on cell surface antigens in a patient with mixed phenotype acute leukemia].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2010 May;51(5):339-44

Department of Hematology, Kanagawa Cancer Center.

A 47-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in June 2009 because of fatigue and blast cells in peripheral blood. Bone marrow examination showed that 67% leukemic cells were positive for myeloperoxidase (MPO) and negative for esterase stain. Flow cytometric analysis (FCM) revealed the expressions of CD2, cyCD3, CD5, TdT, CD13 on the blasts. Read More

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May 2010
17 Reads