1,317 results match your criteria Acute Laryngitis


Probiotics as a biotherapeutics for the management and prevention of respiratory tract diseases.

Microbiol Immunol 2022 Apr 24. Epub 2022 Apr 24.

Centre for Molecular Biology, Central University of Jammu, Samba, 181143, Jammu and Kashmir (UT), India.

Respiratory diseases are responsible for a greater mortality rate around the world. Viral or bacterial infections in the respiratory tract have been identified as major causative agents for death and disability among the population. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) cause severe respiratory ailments starting from cold-like symptoms, eventually affecting the lungs and other viscera, and are mainly categorized by two types depending on the affected area: Upper respiratory tract infections and Lower respiratory tract infections. Read More

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Severe spontaneous pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema precipitated by pepper spray-induced acute laryngitis: a case report.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2022 Mar 31. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Intensive Care Unit, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Southern University of Science and Technology, The Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

We report a patient with severe spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM), pneumothorax and widespread subcutaneous emphysema with acute epiglottitis after inhaling pepper spray. The effects of pepper spray, which is a lachrymatory agent, on the respiratory system have not been reported. Upper airway obstruction is not a well-described cause of SPM, with which subcutaneous emphysema and pneumothorax might coexist; thus, mechanical ventilation might be detrimental. Read More

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Systemic Steroids for Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Disorders: An Evidence-Based Primer for Clinicians.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022 Mar 29:1945998221087664. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Objective: To offer pragmatic, evidence-informed guidance on the use of systemic corticosteroids (SCS) for common otolaryngologic disorders.

Data Sources: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation clinical practice guidelines.

Review Methods: A comprehensive search of published literature through November 2021 was conducted on the efficacy of SCS, alone or in combination with other treatments, for managing disorders in otolaryngology and the subdisciplines. Read More

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Recurrent Croup.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2022 04;69(2):319-328

Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Joseph M. Sanzari Children's Hospital, Hackensack Meridian Children's Health, 30 Prospect Avenue, WFAN PC377, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA. Electronic address:

Croup refers to airway inflammation and edema leading to obstruction of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. Croup is the most common cause of acute airway obstruction in young children. It is characterized by the onset of low-grade fever, barky cough, stridor, hoarseness, and respiratory distress. Read More

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Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors from , , and .

Saudi J Biol Sci 2022 Feb 30;29(2):1029-1042. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Viet Nam.

(L.) Juss. Ex Kunth is widely used in folk medicine. Read More

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February 2022

Acute odynophagia: A new symptom of COVID-19 during the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant wave in Sweden.

J Intern Med 2022 Feb 15. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Department of ENT Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: The objective of this study is to present a novel clinical manifestation of infection with the Omicron variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus affecting mainly young, vaccinated, and healthy adults. We describe a new group of COVID-19 patients seeking emergency care with symptoms similar to the life-threatening condition epiglottitis. Here, we present a case series and discuss management. Read More

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February 2022

Sensation and Repercussion of the Use of Humid Heat in the Treatment of Dysphonia due to Laryngitis in Singers.

J Voice 2022 Jan 22. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Interdisciplinary Health Promotion Intervention Laboratory (LIIPS) - Universidade Cesumar, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil.

Purpose: To verify the efficiency of thermotherapy perceptively and acoustically with hot vapor in the treatment of acute laryngitis.

Methods: This is a pre and post test quasi-experimental study without a control group, approved by the ethics committee. Its sample counted with 65 singers - 37 females (56. Read More

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January 2022

COVID-19 presenting as acute epiglottitis: A case report and literature review.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Dec 18. Epub 2021 Dec 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka 589-8511, Japan.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) occasionally causes acute laryngitis, requiring emergency treatment. Understanding the characteristic laryngeal findings can help diagnose COVID-19 earlier, prevent worsening infection, and properly manage airway obstruction. Herein, we report the case of a 44-year-old male with acute epiglottitis likely caused by COVID-19. Read More

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December 2021

Impact of social distancing in response to COVID-19 on hospitalizations for laryngitis, tracheitis, otitis media, and mastoiditis in children aged 0 to 9 years in Brazil.

J Bras Pneumol 2021 13;47(6):e20210229. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Centro Infantil, Escola de Medicina, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (RS), Brasil.

Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of social distancing resulting from COVID-19 in hospitalizations for infections of the upper airways (URTI), such as acute laryngitis, tracheitis, and otitis media in children aged 0 to 9 years in Brazil, considering that they share the same forms of transmission.

Methods: Data on hospitalizations for acute airway changes and their complications in children <9 years old were obtained from the Database of the Brazilian Department of Public Health Informatics for the period 2015 to 2020. These data were also analyzed by macroregions of Brazil (North, Northeast, Southeast, South, and Midwest). Read More

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January 2022

Scarlet fever in an adult patient: A challenging diagnosis in an airway emergency.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 7;9:2050313X211049908. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Hospital Center Tondela-Viseu, Anesthesiology Service, Viseu, Portugal.

Scarlet fever is essentially a childhood disease, although it may occur in all ages. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential in preventing the spread of infection and progression to life-threatening complications. The case presented describes the clinical difficulty in the diagnosis of scarlet fever in an adult patient with acute involvement of the airway (oedematous laryngitis) and the need for emergent orotracheal intubation and eventually tracheotomy. Read More

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October 2021

: Amelioration Effect on Imiquimod-Induced Psoriasis in Mice Based on a Tissue Metabonomic Analysis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 17;12:748772. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Institute for Interdisciplinary Medicine Sciences, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Benth. (accepted name: (Jack) I.C. Read More

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September 2021

Management and referral of acute laryngotracheitis - Croup: The New South Wales Neonatal and Paediatric Emergency Transport Service experience.

J Paediatr Child Health 2022 Mar 15;58(3):415-421. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Newborn and Paediatric Emergency Transport Service, Sydney Children's Hospitals Network, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: To evaluate the experience of NETS (The Newborn and paediatric Emergency Transport Service) New South Wales (NSW) with children referred with a provisional diagnosis of croup. To examine the adherence of referral hospitals to NSW Health policy guidelines and to establish criteria for the need to transfer and the level of escort required for a child with croup to a higher level of care.

Methods: A retrospective audit of all children with a provisional diagnosis of croup referred to NETS over the epoch: 2005-2015. Read More

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Fewer non-COVID-19 respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal infections during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Med Virol 2022 01 12;94(1):298-302. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Department of Epidemiology, IQVIA, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

For preventing the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, measures like wearing masks, social distancing, and hand hygiene played crucial roles. These measures may also have affected the expansion of other infectious diseases like respiratory tract infections (RTI) and gastro-intestinal infections (GII). Therefore, we aimed to investigate non-COVID-19 related RTI and GII during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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January 2022

Heliox for croup in children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 08 16;8:CD006822. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Primary Care Clinical Unit, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Croup is an acute viral respiratory infection with upper airway mucosal inflammation that may cause respiratory distress. Most cases are mild. Moderate to severe croup may require treatment with corticosteroids (the benefits of which are often delayed) and nebulised epinephrine (adrenaline) (the benefits of which may be short-lived and which can cause dose-related adverse effects including tachycardia, arrhythmias, and hypertension). Read More

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Prevalence, aetiologies and prognosis of the symptom cough in primary care: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Fam Pract 2021 07 12;22(1):151. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of General Practice / Family Medicine, University of Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch-Str. 4, 35043, Marburg, Germany.

Background: Cough is a relevant reason for encounter in primary care. For evidence-based decision making, general practitioners need setting-specific knowledge about prevalences, pre-test probabilities, and prognosis. Accordingly, we performed a systematic review of symptom-evaluating studies evaluating cough as reason for encounter in primary care. Read More

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Laryngeal Injury Due to Amikacin Inhalation for Refractory Mycobacterium avium Complex Infection.

Chest 2021 04 6;159(4):e185-e187. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Center for Voice and Swallowing, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Inhaled antibiotics have long been used for chronic lung infections, especially in patients with cystic fibrosis and increasingly for non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Amikacin liposome inhalation suspension (ALIS) has emerged as a promising treatment for Mycobacterium avium complex infection refractory to oral antibiotics. However, despite its efficacy, nearly one-half of patients in phase II and III trials experienced dysphonia as a treatment-associated adverse effect. Read More

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The role of imaging in the evaluation of hoarseness: A review.

Authors:
Vikas Jain

J Neuroimaging 2021 07 20;31(4):665-685. Epub 2021 May 20.

Radiology Department, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Hoarseness is a common symptom indicating an abnormal change in the quality of voice and has a lifetime prevalence of around 30%. There are multiple causes of hoarseness, ranging from acute laryngitis, chronic laryngitis, laryngopharyngeal reflux, functional dysphonia due to vocal overuse or abuse, vocal cord paralysis (VCP), to various pathologies and masses in the larynx. A detailed history and thorough physical examination, and in many cases, laryngoscopy by a clinician are the initial steps in its management. Read More

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Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Antibiotic Prescriptions in Patients with Acute Lower and Upper Respiratory Tract Infections-A Case-Control Study.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Apr 16;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Epidemiology, IQVIA Germany, 60549 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Background: The goal of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of patient and physician related variables associated with antibiotic prescriptions in patients diagnosed with acute lower and upper respiratory tract infections (ALURTI), treated in general practices (GP) and pediatric practices, in Germany.

Methods: The analysis included 1,140,095 adult individuals in 1237 general practices and 309,059 children and adolescents in 236 pediatric practices, from the Disease Analyzer database (IQVIA), who had received at least one diagnosis of an ALURTI between 1 January 2015 and 31 March 2019. We estimated the association between 35 predefined variables and antibiotic prescription using multivariate logistic regression models, separately for general and pediatric practices. Read More

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Inter-society consensus for the use of inhaled corticosteroids in infants, children and adolescents with airway diseases.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Apr 21;47(1):97. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Pediatric Unit, Department of Mother and Child, AUSL-IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Background: In 2019, a multidisciplinary panel of experts from eight Italian scientific paediatric societies developed a consensus document for the use of inhaled corticosteroids in the management and prevention of the most common paediatric airways disorders. The aim is to provide healthcare providers with a multidisciplinary document including indications useful in the clinical practice. The consensus document was intended to be addressed to paediatricians who work in the Paediatric Divisions, the Primary Care Services and the Emergency Departments, as well as to Residents or PhD students, paediatric nurses and specialists or consultants in paediatric pulmonology, allergy, infectious diseases, and ear, nose, and throat medicine. Read More

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Dysphonia in Performers: Prevalence of Vocal Lesions and Voice Emergencies in a Private Otorhinolaryngology Practice.

J Voice 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, State University of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of abnormal laryngeal findings during videostroboscopy in performers presenting to clinic or when having an acute vocal emergency.

Study Design: Retrospective study of professional singers and actors who presented for a vocal evaluation.

Subjects And Methods: A chart review of singers or professional actors who presented in a private otorhinolaryngology clinic between 2014 and 2016. Read More

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Prevalence of respiratory tract infections and influencing factors: A cross-sectional survey in Anhui Province, China.

Public Health Nurs 2021 07 2;38(4):542-554. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

School of Health Service Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Objectives: This study used available data to analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of various Respiratory tract infections (RTIs), to better our understanding of the local and national epidemiology, and to inform future prevention and control programs.

Design: We used a structured questionnaire to solicit information about social demographics and symptoms of the last RTI administered with stratified clustered randomized sampling. Descriptive analysis was used to investigate the reported symptoms, and multivariate logistic regression models to identify relationships between the prevalence and influencing factors of common RTIs. Read More

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COVID-19 croup: Solitary infections and a coinfection case - author reply to a letter.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 11 22;49:412-413. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters, 601 Children's Lane, Norfolk, VA, 23507, USA; Eastern Virginia Medical School, P.O. Box 1980, Norfolk, VA 23501-1980, USA. Electronic address:

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November 2021

Otolaryngeal and Oropharyngeal Conditions: Dysphonia.

Authors:
Robert L Gauer

FP Essent 2021 Feb;501:11-16

Uniformed Services University F Edward Hébert School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine, 4301 Jones Bridge Road A1038, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799.

Dysphonia is any alteration of voice quality or vocal effort that impairs communication and affects quality of life. In patients with dysphonia, voice qualities often are described as tremulous, hoarse, strained, or raspy, with altered pitch, breathiness, or vocal fatigue. Dysphonia is a sign of an underlying disease process. Read More

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February 2021

Management of laryngopharyngeal reflux in Brazil: a national survey.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Dec 29. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Studies assessing the management of laryngopharyngeal reflux by otolaryngologists have reported an important heterogeneity regarding the definition, diagnosis, and treatment, which leads to discrepancies in the management of the patient. Information about the current knowledge and practices of Brazilian otolaryngologists in laryngopharyngeal reflux is lacking.

Objective: To investigate the trends in management of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease among Brazilian otolaryngologists. Read More

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December 2020

Presbylarynx: Is It a Sign of the Health Status of the Elderly?

J Voice 2021 Jan 16. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Purpose: Only a full understanding of how different diseases affect the same or different anatomical/functional entities, may provide a clue on how comorbidity should be taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chronic medical illnesses of an elderly population, in order to analyze potential correlation of specific comorbidities with presbylarynx.

Methods: This case-control, prospective, observational, and cross-sectional study was carried out on consecutive subjects observed by otorhinolaryngology, in a tertiary center, from January to September 2020. Read More

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January 2021

Disseminated Herpes Simplex Infection Presenting as Acute Supraglottitis in an Adult.

Head Neck Pathol 2021 Sep 28;15(3):1074-1081. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Vanderbilt University Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1215 21st Ave. S. Suite 7209, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Supraglottitis is a life-threatening, predominantly bacterial disease that is rarely caused by viral etiologies. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) supraglottitis has been infrequently reported, but its presentation can mimic that of bacterial supraglottitis or pharyngitis which may lead to delayed diagnosis and increased morbidity. We present a case of supraglottitis in an immunocompetent man initially thought to have bacterial epiglottitis. Read More

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September 2021

Efficacy of inhaled budesonide on serum inflammatory factors and quality of life among children with acute infectious laryngitis.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Jan - Feb;42(1):102820. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Wuhan Children's Hospital (Wuhan Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital), Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Acute infectious laryngitis is commonly occurred among children. Our study sought to investigate the effect of inhaled budesonide on among children with acute infectious laryngitis.

Methods: A total of 92 children with acute infectious laryngitis were randomly allocated to either the study (46 cases, treated with inhaled budesonide) and control group (46 cases, treated with dexamethasone). Read More

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Development and Implementation of an Upper Respiratory Infection Treatment Protocol in a Primary Care Health Clinic.

J Prim Care Community Health 2020 Jan-Dec;11:2150132720966811

University of Michigan-Flint, Flint, MI, USA.

Background And Purpose: Acute viral respiratory infections (ARTIs) are among the most common reasons for a healthcare encounter throughout the industrialized world. Among the approximately100 million antibiotic prescriptions written every year for ARTI, half are prescribed inappropriately. Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for viral illnesses poses a serious threat since many organisms have become resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Read More

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Management of pediatric laryngeal webs secondary to severe croup and traumatic intubation.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Dec 13;139:110409. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

University of Central Florida College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA; Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Laryngotracheobronchitis is a common, typically self-limiting viral infection. However, severe laryngotracheobronchitis can require urgent intubation to prevent imminent airway obstruction. The concurrent inflammation and urgency make laryngeal trauma more likely. Read More

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December 2020

Intraday effects of outdoor air pollution on acute upper and lower respiratory infections in Australian children.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jan 5;268(Pt A):115698. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, 288 Herston Road, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia. Electronic address:

Children's respiratory health are particularly vulnerable to outdoor air pollution, but evidence is lacking on the very acute effects of air pollution on the risk of acute upper respiratory infections (AURI) and acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) in children. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of cause-specific AURI and ALRI, in children within 24 h of exposure to air pollution. We obtained data on emergency cases, including 11,091 AURI cases (acute pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis, acute obstructive laryngitis and epiglottitis, and unspecified acute upper respiratory infections) and 11,401 ALRI cases (pneumonia, acute bronchitis, acute bronchiolitis, unspecified acute lower respiratory infection) in Brisbane, Australia, 2013-2015. Read More

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January 2021