1,293 results match your criteria Acute Laryngitis


Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Antibiotic Prescriptions in Patients with Acute Lower and Upper Respiratory Tract Infections-A Case-Control Study.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Apr 16;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Epidemiology, IQVIA Germany, 60549 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Background: The goal of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of patient and physician related variables associated with antibiotic prescriptions in patients diagnosed with acute lower and upper respiratory tract infections (ALURTI), treated in general practices (GP) and pediatric practices, in Germany.

Methods: The analysis included 1,140,095 adult individuals in 1237 general practices and 309,059 children and adolescents in 236 pediatric practices, from the Disease Analyzer database (IQVIA), who had received at least one diagnosis of an ALURTI between 1 January 2015 and 31 March 2019. We estimated the association between 35 predefined variables and antibiotic prescription using multivariate logistic regression models, separately for general and pediatric practices. Read More

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Inter-society consensus for the use of inhaled corticosteroids in infants, children and adolescents with airway diseases.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Apr 21;47(1):97. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Pediatric Unit, Department of Mother and Child, AUSL-IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Background: In 2019, a multidisciplinary panel of experts from eight Italian scientific paediatric societies developed a consensus document for the use of inhaled corticosteroids in the management and prevention of the most common paediatric airways disorders. The aim is to provide healthcare providers with a multidisciplinary document including indications useful in the clinical practice. The consensus document was intended to be addressed to paediatricians who work in the Paediatric Divisions, the Primary Care Services and the Emergency Departments, as well as to Residents or PhD students, paediatric nurses and specialists or consultants in paediatric pulmonology, allergy, infectious diseases, and ear, nose, and throat medicine. Read More

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Dysphonia in Performers: Prevalence of Vocal Lesions and Voice Emergencies in a Private Otorhinolaryngology Practice.

J Voice 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, State University of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of abnormal laryngeal findings during videostroboscopy in performers presenting to clinic or when having an acute vocal emergency.

Study Design: Retrospective study of professional singers and actors who presented for a vocal evaluation.

Subjects And Methods: A chart review of singers or professional actors who presented in a private otorhinolaryngology clinic between 2014 and 2016. Read More

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Prevalence of respiratory tract infections and influencing factors: A cross-sectional survey in Anhui Province, China.

Public Health Nurs 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

School of Health Service Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Objectives: This study used available data to analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of various Respiratory tract infections (RTIs), to better our understanding of the local and national epidemiology, and to inform future prevention and control programs.

Design: We used a structured questionnaire to solicit information about social demographics and symptoms of the last RTI administered with stratified clustered randomized sampling. Descriptive analysis was used to investigate the reported symptoms, and multivariate logistic regression models to identify relationships between the prevalence and influencing factors of common RTIs. Read More

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Otolaryngeal and Oropharyngeal Conditions: Dysphonia.

Authors:
Robert L Gauer

FP Essent 2021 Feb;501:11-16

Uniformed Services University F Edward Hébert School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine, 4301 Jones Bridge Road A1038, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799.

Dysphonia is any alteration of voice quality or vocal effort that impairs communication and affects quality of life. In patients with dysphonia, voice qualities often are described as tremulous, hoarse, strained, or raspy, with altered pitch, breathiness, or vocal fatigue. Dysphonia is a sign of an underlying disease process. Read More

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February 2021

Management of laryngopharyngeal reflux in Brazil: a national survey.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Dec 29. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Studies assessing the management of laryngopharyngeal reflux by otolaryngologists have reported an important heterogeneity regarding the definition, diagnosis, and treatment, which leads to discrepancies in the management of the patient. Information about the current knowledge and practices of Brazilian otolaryngologists in laryngopharyngeal reflux is lacking.

Objective: To investigate the trends in management of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease among Brazilian otolaryngologists. Read More

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December 2020

Presbylarynx: Is It a Sign of the Health Status of the Elderly?

J Voice 2021 Jan 16. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Purpose: Only a full understanding of how different diseases affect the same or different anatomical/functional entities, may provide a clue on how comorbidity should be taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chronic medical illnesses of an elderly population, in order to analyze potential correlation of specific comorbidities with presbylarynx.

Methods: This case-control, prospective, observational, and cross-sectional study was carried out on consecutive subjects observed by otorhinolaryngology, in a tertiary center, from January to September 2020. Read More

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January 2021

Disseminated Herpes Simplex Infection Presenting as Acute Supraglottitis in an Adult.

Head Neck Pathol 2020 Dec 28. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Vanderbilt University Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1215 21st Ave. S. Suite 7209, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Supraglottitis is a life-threatening, predominantly bacterial disease that is rarely caused by viral etiologies. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) supraglottitis has been infrequently reported, but its presentation can mimic that of bacterial supraglottitis or pharyngitis which may lead to delayed diagnosis and increased morbidity. We present a case of supraglottitis in an immunocompetent man initially thought to have bacterial epiglottitis. Read More

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December 2020

Efficacy of inhaled budesonide on serum inflammatory factors and quality of life among children with acute infectious laryngitis.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Jan - Feb;42(1):102820. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Wuhan Children's Hospital (Wuhan Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital), Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Acute infectious laryngitis is commonly occurred among children. Our study sought to investigate the effect of inhaled budesonide on among children with acute infectious laryngitis.

Methods: A total of 92 children with acute infectious laryngitis were randomly allocated to either the study (46 cases, treated with inhaled budesonide) and control group (46 cases, treated with dexamethasone). Read More

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Development and Implementation of an Upper Respiratory Infection Treatment Protocol in a Primary Care Health Clinic.

J Prim Care Community Health 2020 Jan-Dec;11:2150132720966811

University of Michigan-Flint, Flint, MI, USA.

Background And Purpose: Acute viral respiratory infections (ARTIs) are among the most common reasons for a healthcare encounter throughout the industrialized world. Among the approximately100 million antibiotic prescriptions written every year for ARTI, half are prescribed inappropriately. Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for viral illnesses poses a serious threat since many organisms have become resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Read More

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November 2020

Intraday effects of outdoor air pollution on acute upper and lower respiratory infections in Australian children.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jan 5;268(Pt A):115698. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, 288 Herston Road, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia. Electronic address:

Children's respiratory health are particularly vulnerable to outdoor air pollution, but evidence is lacking on the very acute effects of air pollution on the risk of acute upper respiratory infections (AURI) and acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) in children. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of cause-specific AURI and ALRI, in children within 24 h of exposure to air pollution. We obtained data on emergency cases, including 11,091 AURI cases (acute pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis, acute obstructive laryngitis and epiglottitis, and unspecified acute upper respiratory infections) and 11,401 ALRI cases (pneumonia, acute bronchitis, acute bronchiolitis, unspecified acute lower respiratory infection) in Brisbane, Australia, 2013-2015. Read More

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January 2021

A Curious Case of Croup: Laryngotracheitis Caused by COVID-19.

Pediatrics 2021 01 10;147(1). Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

We describe a case of croup in a 14-month-old boy caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019. The patient presented with classic signs and symptoms consistent with croup. Workup was remarkable for a positive point-of-care test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Read More

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January 2021

Helicobacter pylori gastric infection in patients with laryngeal cancer and chronic laryngitis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jan 3;278(1):135-139. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, General Hospital "Dr. Josip Benčević", Andrije Štampara 42, 35000, Slavonski Brod, Croatia.

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the pathohistological status of mucous lining infected with Helicobacte pylori as the possible cause of chronic laryngitis and laryngeal carcinoma.

Materials And Methods: The prospective examination included 51 patients suffering from planocellular laryngeal cancer and 26 examinees suffering from chronic laryngitis. The examinees and the control group were subjected to esophagogastroduodenoscopy which described the local status of the esophagus and stomach. Read More

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January 2021

Seasonal Variations in Public Inquiries into Laryngitis: An Infodemiology Study.

J Voice 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objectives: Acute laryngitis is a common disease with self-limiting nature. Since the leading cause is attributed to viral infections and thus self-limiting, many affected individuals do not seek professional medical help. However, because the major symptom of hoarseness imposes a substantial burden in everyday life, it might be speculated that web-based search interest on this condition follows incidence rates, with highest peaks during winter months. Read More

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Leukoplakia or LPR: The Misdiagnosis of Laryngeal Tuberculosis.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Nov 29:145561319891264. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Department of Otolaryngology, Jining No. 1 People's Hospital, Jining, Shandong, China.

Objective: The objective is to reduce the rates of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment of laryngeal tuberculosis (LTB).

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of 3 histopathology-confirmed cases at a tertiary medical center from 2000 to 2018. Read More

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November 2019

Acute Upper Airway Obstruction.

N Engl J Med 2019 Nov;381(20):1940-1949

From the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery/Surgical Oncology (A.E., J.R.A., J.C.I.) and the Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation (A.E., J.R.A.), University of Toronto, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Michael Garron Hospital (A.E.), the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (A.E.), and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (J.R.A., J.C.I.) - all in Toronto.

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November 2019

Acute subglottic laryngitis. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical picture.

Adv Respir Med 2019 ;87(5):308-316

Department of Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital, Warsaw, Poland.

In about 3% of children, viral infections of the airways that develop in early childhood lead to narrowing of the laryngeal lumen in the subglottic region resulting in symptoms such as hoarseness, abarking cough, stridor, and dyspnea. These infections may eventually cause respiratory failure. The disease is often called acute subglottic laryngitis (ASL). Read More

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Vaccination Status and Resource Use During Hospital Visits for Respiratory Illnesses.

Pediatrics 2019 11 17;144(5). Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Objectives: To evaluate variation in resource use for children with acute respiratory tract illness (ARTI) by vaccination status.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children 0 to 16 years of age at 5 children's hospitals with 1 of 4 ARTI diagnoses (pneumonia, croup, asthma, and bronchiolitis) between July 2014 and June 2016. The predictor variable was provider-documented up-to-date (UTD) vaccination status (yes or no). Read More

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November 2019

Topical Ectoine: A Promising Molecule in the Upper Airways Inflammation-A Systematic Review.

Biomed Res Int 2019 26;2019:7150942. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Unit of Otolaryngology, UOS ORL TI, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy.

To date, topical therapies guarantee a better delivery of high concentrations of pharmacologic agents to the mucosa of the upper airways (UA). Recently, topical administration of ectoine has just been recognized as adjuvant treatment in the Allergic Rhinitis (AR) and Rhinosinusitis (ARS). The aim of this work is to review the published literature regarding all the potential therapeutic effects of ectoine in the acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of UA. Read More

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February 2020

The relationship between breastfeeding and reported respiratory and gastrointestinal infection rates in young children.

BMC Pediatr 2019 09 18;19(1):339. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Colorado Denver, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, CO, USA.

Background: Although breastfeeding is touted as providing many health benefits to infants, some aspects of this relationship remain poorly understood.

Methods: The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) is a prospective longitudinal study that follows children from birth through childhood, and collects data on illness events, breastfeeding duration, and time to introduction of formula or foods at 3 month intervals up until 4 years of age and at 6 months intervals thereafter. Exclusive and non-exclusive breastfeeding is examined in relation to the 3-month odds of a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection for 6861 children between the ages of 3-18 months, and 5666 children up to the age of 4 years. Read More

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September 2019

Association of voice and mental health diagnoses with differences in voice-related care utilization.

Laryngoscope 2020 06 11;130(6):1496-1502. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Objective: To compare healthcare utilization in voice patients with versus without mental health (MH) diagnoses STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using electronic medical records from large regional healthcare system.

Methods: We examined data on sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, voice-related diagnoses, and patterns of healthcare utilization (including medication use, tests and procedures, and outpatient visits). The study period spanned January 2005 through June 2017. Read More

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Safety of corticosteroids in young children with acute respiratory conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2019 08 1;9(8):e028511. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence, Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Objective: Adverse events (AEs) associated with short-term corticosteroid use for respiratory conditions in young children.

Design: Systematic review of primary studies.

Data Sources: Medline, Cochrane CENTRAL, Embase and regulatory agencies were searched September 2014; search was updated in 2017. Read More

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When Acute Stridor Is More Than Croup.

J Pediatr 2019 11 11;214:237-237.e1. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

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November 2019

Acute supraglottic laryngitis complicated by vocal fold immobility: prognosis and management.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Sep 13;276(9):2507-2512. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

The Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, 6 Weizman St., Tel-Aviv, 6423906, Israel.

Purpose: Acute supraglottic laryngitis (ASL) is manifested by supraglottic inflammation that has the potential for rapid and fatal airway obstruction. Complete/incomplete vocal fold immobility (VFIm) in the setting of ASL may contribute to airway obstruction. The rate of VFIm complicating ASL is not known, and it is not clear whether its occurrence alters the course and the management of ASL, particularly the need to secure the airway (by endotracheal intubation/tracheostomy). Read More

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September 2019

Hoarseness Guidelines Redux: Toward Improved Treatment of Patients with Dysphonia.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Aug 14;52(4):597-605. Epub 2019 May 14.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Eye & Ear Institute, Suite 500, 203 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.

The Hoarseness Guideline Update provides an evidence-based approach to a patient who presents to the clinic with hoarseness. The guidelines cover management decisions in acute and chronic dysphonia for patients of all ages before and after laryngeal examination. The present review discusses the process used to develop these guidelines, including limitations of the process and each key action statement. Read More

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The Acute Phase Proteins Reaction in Children Suffering from Pseudocroup.

Mediators Inflamm 2019 26;2019:6518308. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology of Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-572 Poznan, Szpitalna 27/33, Poland.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the inflammatory reaction in children with pseudocroup and compare it with other laryngological diseases according to the available literature data. The study group included 51 children hospitalized because of pseudocroup. The measurements of the acute phase proteins (APP), such as C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha-1-antitrypsin (AT), alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ceruloplasmin (Cp), transferrin (Tf), alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), and haptoglobin (Hp) were obtained at 3 time points. Read More

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September 2019

[Laryngeal dyspnea in infants and children].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):e17-e18

Service de pneumoallergologie pédiatrique, Hôpital des Enfants, CHU, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.

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January 2019

[Acute and chronic laryngitis in the subjects engaged in the voice and speech professions].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2019 ;84(1):68-71

Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Ear, Throat, Nose and Speech, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 190013.

Laryngitis is one of the commonest causes of dysphonia in the subjects engaged in the voice and speech professions. This condition can be either associated with the professional activities or related to voice fatigue. It is a common practice to distinguish between acute and chronic forms of occupational laryngitis. Read More

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Home Smoke Exposure and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children with Acute Respiratory Illness.

J Hosp Med 2019 04;14(4):212-217

Division of Hospital Medicine, Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.

Objective: This study aims to assess whether secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure has an impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with acute respiratory illness (ARI).

Methods: This study was nested within a multicenter, prospective cohort study of children (two weeks to 16 years) with ARI (emergency department visits for croup and hospitalizations for croup, asthma, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia) between July 1, 2014 and June 30, 2016. Subjects were surveyed upon enrollment for sociodemographics, healthcare utilization, home SHS exposure (0 or ≥1 smoker in the home), and child HRQOL (Pediatric Quality of Life Physical Functioning Scale) for both baseline health (preceding illness) and acute illness (on admission). Read More

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[Antibiotic Prescribing in Ambulatory Care of Pediatric Patients with Respiratory Infections].

Acta Med Port 2019 Feb 28;32(2):101-110. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Departamento de Medicina Geral e Familiar. Unidade de Saúde Familiar Viseu-Cidade. Agrupamento Centros de Saúde Dão Lafões. Viseu. Portugal.

Introduction: Respiratory tract infections represent the most frequent conditions in pediatric clinical practice that motivate antibiotic prescribing. The objective was to identify the frequency and pattern of antibacterial prescribing in respiratory diseases.

Material And Methods: Over a period of two years (divided by the presentation of the clinical guideline standards) data was collected from clinical records of children with respiratory disease. Read More

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February 2019