1,276 results match your criteria Acute Laryngitis


Seasonal Variations in Public Inquiries into Laryngitis: An Infodemiology Study.

J Voice 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objectives: Acute laryngitis is a common disease with self-limiting nature. Since the leading cause is attributed to viral infections and thus self-limiting, many affected individuals do not seek professional medical help. However, because the major symptom of hoarseness imposes a substantial burden in everyday life, it might be speculated that web-based search interest on this condition follows incidence rates, with highest peaks during winter months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.04.018DOI Listing

Leukoplakia or LPR: The Misdiagnosis of Laryngeal Tuberculosis.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Nov 29:145561319891264. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Department of Otolaryngology, Jining No. 1 People's Hospital, Jining, Shandong, China.

Objective: The objective is to reduce the rates of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment of laryngeal tuberculosis (LTB).

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of 3 histopathology-confirmed cases at a tertiary medical center from 2000 to 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319891264DOI Listing
November 2019

Acute Upper Airway Obstruction.

N Engl J Med 2019 Nov;381(20):1940-1949

From the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery/Surgical Oncology (A.E., J.R.A., J.C.I.) and the Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation (A.E., J.R.A.), University of Toronto, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Michael Garron Hospital (A.E.), the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (A.E.), and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (J.R.A., J.C.I.) - all in Toronto.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1811697DOI Listing
November 2019
4 Reads

Acute subglottic laryngitis. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical picture.

Adv Respir Med 2019 ;87(5):308-316

Department of Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital, Warsaw, Poland.

In about 3% of children, viral infections of the airways that develop in early childhood lead to narrowing of the laryngeal lumen in the subglottic region resulting in symptoms such as hoarseness, abarking cough, stridor, and dyspnea. These infections may eventually cause respiratory failure. The disease is often called acute subglottic laryngitis (ASL). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2019.0056DOI Listing
April 2020
1 Read

Vaccination Status and Resource Use During Hospital Visits for Respiratory Illnesses.

Pediatrics 2019 11 17;144(5). Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Objectives: To evaluate variation in resource use for children with acute respiratory tract illness (ARTI) by vaccination status.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children 0 to 16 years of age at 5 children's hospitals with 1 of 4 ARTI diagnoses (pneumonia, croup, asthma, and bronchiolitis) between July 2014 and June 2016. The predictor variable was provider-documented up-to-date (UTD) vaccination status (yes or no). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-0585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6855809PMC
November 2019
1 Read

Topical Ectoine: A Promising Molecule in the Upper Airways Inflammation-A Systematic Review.

Biomed Res Int 2019 26;2019:7150942. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Unit of Otolaryngology, UOS ORL TI, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy.

To date, topical therapies guarantee a better delivery of high concentrations of pharmacologic agents to the mucosa of the upper airways (UA). Recently, topical administration of ectoine has just been recognized as adjuvant treatment in the Allergic Rhinitis (AR) and Rhinosinusitis (ARS). The aim of this work is to review the published literature regarding all the potential therapeutic effects of ectoine in the acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of UA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7150942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6732621PMC
February 2020
5 Reads

The relationship between breastfeeding and reported respiratory and gastrointestinal infection rates in young children.

BMC Pediatr 2019 09 18;19(1):339. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Colorado Denver, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, CO, USA.

Background: Although breastfeeding is touted as providing many health benefits to infants, some aspects of this relationship remain poorly understood.

Methods: The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) is a prospective longitudinal study that follows children from birth through childhood, and collects data on illness events, breastfeeding duration, and time to introduction of formula or foods at 3 month intervals up until 4 years of age and at 6 months intervals thereafter. Exclusive and non-exclusive breastfeeding is examined in relation to the 3-month odds of a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection for 6861 children between the ages of 3-18 months, and 5666 children up to the age of 4 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1693-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749679PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Association of voice and mental health diagnoses with differences in voice-related care utilization.

Laryngoscope 2019 Sep 11. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Objective: To compare healthcare utilization in voice patients with versus without mental health (MH) diagnoses STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using electronic medical records from large regional healthcare system.

Methods: We examined data on sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, voice-related diagnoses, and patterns of healthcare utilization (including medication use, tests and procedures, and outpatient visits). The study period spanned January 2005 through June 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28277DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads

When Acute Stridor Is More Than Croup.

J Pediatr 2019 11 11;214:237-237.e1. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.06.023DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads

Acute supraglottic laryngitis complicated by vocal fold immobility: prognosis and management.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Sep 13;276(9):2507-2512. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

The Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, 6 Weizman St., Tel-Aviv, 6423906, Israel.

Purpose: Acute supraglottic laryngitis (ASL) is manifested by supraglottic inflammation that has the potential for rapid and fatal airway obstruction. Complete/incomplete vocal fold immobility (VFIm) in the setting of ASL may contribute to airway obstruction. The rate of VFIm complicating ASL is not known, and it is not clear whether its occurrence alters the course and the management of ASL, particularly the need to secure the airway (by endotracheal intubation/tracheostomy). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05508-3DOI Listing
September 2019
12 Reads

Hoarseness Guidelines Redux: Toward Improved Treatment of Patients with Dysphonia.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Aug 14;52(4):597-605. Epub 2019 May 14.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Eye & Ear Institute, Suite 500, 203 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.

The Hoarseness Guideline Update provides an evidence-based approach to a patient who presents to the clinic with hoarseness. The guidelines cover management decisions in acute and chronic dysphonia for patients of all ages before and after laryngeal examination. The present review discusses the process used to develop these guidelines, including limitations of the process and each key action statement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2019.03.003DOI Listing
August 2019
10 Reads

The Acute Phase Proteins Reaction in Children Suffering from Pseudocroup.

Mediators Inflamm 2019 26;2019:6518308. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology of Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-572 Poznan, Szpitalna 27/33, Poland.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the inflammatory reaction in children with pseudocroup and compare it with other laryngological diseases according to the available literature data. The study group included 51 children hospitalized because of pseudocroup. The measurements of the acute phase proteins (APP), such as C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha-1-antitrypsin (AT), alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ceruloplasmin (Cp), transferrin (Tf), alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), and haptoglobin (Hp) were obtained at 3 time points. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2019/6518308/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6518308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458876PMC
September 2019
21 Reads

[Laryngeal dyspnea in infants and children].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):e17-e18

Service de pneumoallergologie pédiatrique, Hôpital des Enfants, CHU, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019
22 Reads

[Acute and chronic laryngitis in the subjects engaged in the voice and speech professions].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2019 ;84(1):68-71

Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Ear, Throat, Nose and Speech, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 190013.

Laryngitis is one of the commonest causes of dysphonia in the subjects engaged in the voice and speech professions. This condition can be either associated with the professional activities or related to voice fatigue. It is a common practice to distinguish between acute and chronic forms of occupational laryngitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20198401168DOI Listing
July 2019
14 Reads

[Antibiotic Prescribing in Ambulatory Care of Pediatric Patients with Respiratory Infections].

Acta Med Port 2019 Feb 28;32(2):101-110. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Departamento de Medicina Geral e Familiar. Unidade de Saúde Familiar Viseu-Cidade. Agrupamento Centros de Saúde Dão Lafões. Viseu. Portugal.

Introduction: Respiratory tract infections represent the most frequent conditions in pediatric clinical practice that motivate antibiotic prescribing. The objective was to identify the frequency and pattern of antibacterial prescribing in respiratory diseases.

Material And Methods: Over a period of two years (divided by the presentation of the clinical guideline standards) data was collected from clinical records of children with respiratory disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.20344/amp.11111DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Antibiotic therapy for an ENT specialist.

Authors:
Piotr Albrecht

Otolaryngol Pol 2018 Sep;72(6):1-9

Klinika Gastroenterologii i Żywienia Dzieci, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska.

The study dedicated mainly to general practitioners of ENTs discusses the principles of antibiotic therapy of the most common diseases that this specialty deals with, namely acute tonsillitis and throat inflammation, acute otitis media (AOM), and acute sinusitis. The most common errors in the antibiotic therapy of these diseases are also presented. The basic antibiotic in streptococcal pharyngitis is and remains oral penicillin administered for 10 days. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.4704DOI Listing
September 2018
42 Reads

Post-transplantation laryngeal actinomycosis.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2019 Dec 20;46(6):917-920. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Otolaryngology, Ehime University, School of Medicine, Toon, Shitsukawa, Ehime 91-0295, Japan.

A case of laryngeal actinomycosis occurred after bone marrow transplantation was reported. The patient was a 14-year-old girl who had a history of bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia 4month before the onset of the disease. She was referred to our hospital complaining persistent sore throat since 2weeks ago. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03858146183073
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2019
9 Reads

Subglottic acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK.

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is one of the the most common malignancies of childhood and can occasionally present as acute airway obstruction. We present the unusual case of a 1-year-old boy who was referred to our Paediatric Otolaryngology (ENT) clinic with a recurrent history of croup. This is the first reported case of localised ALL presenting as a subglottic mass in a paediatric patient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-226364
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226364DOI Listing
November 2018
38 Reads

Accuracy of Provider-Documented Child Immunization Status at Hospital Presentation for Acute Respiratory Illness.

Hosp Pediatr 2018 12 15;8(12):769-777. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Objectives: To assess (1) the accuracy of child immunization status documented by providers at hospital presentation for acute respiratory illness and (2) the association of provider-documented up-to-date (UTD) status with immunization receipt during and after hospitalization.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of children ≤16 years old treated for asthma, croup, bronchiolitis, or pneumonia at a children's hospital between July 2014 and June 2016. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and provider-documented UTD immunization status (yes or no) at presentation were obtained from the medical record. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/hpeds.2018-0026DOI Listing
December 2018
32 Reads

Heliox for croup in children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 10 29;10:CD006822. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, 20 Cornwall Street, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Croup is an acute viral respiratory infection with upper airway mucosal inflammation that may cause respiratory distress. Most cases are mild. Moderate to severe croup may require treatment with corticosteroids (from which benefits are often delayed) and nebulised epinephrine (adrenaline) (which may be short-lived and can cause dose-related adverse effects including tachycardia, arrhythmias, and hypertension). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/14651858.CD006822.pub5
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006822.pub5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6516979PMC
October 2018
49 Reads

Acute infectious laryngitis: A case series.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Sep;97(9):306-313

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, 219 N. Broad St., 10th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

Although acute laryngitis is common, it is often managed by primary physicians. Therefore, video images documenting its signs are scarce. This series includes 7 professional voice users who previously had undergone baseline strobovideolaryngscopy (SVL) during routine examinations or during evaluations for other complaints and who returned with acute laryngitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014556131809700920DOI Listing
September 2018
48 Reads

Anthroposophic medicine in the treatment of pediatric pseudocroup: A systematic review.

Complement Ther Med 2018 Oct 4;40:185-190. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Gemeinschaftskrankenhaus Herdecke, Gerhard-Kienle-Weg 4, 58313 Herdecke, Germany; Department of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45147 Essen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: In Europe only few integrative pediatric wards exists and there are two German hospitals focusing on anthroposophic medicine as part of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Whilst the most common pediatric diseases are treated here, pseudocroup patients make up a large group in these hospitals, receiving conventional as well as anthroposophic therapies. However, effectiveness of these therapy concepts mostly based on physicians' experiences but clinical studies are hitherto missing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09652299173026
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2017.09.001DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

[Varieties textual research on "Bangjian": traditional Tibetan medicine including blue, black and variegated flowers].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Aug;43(16):3404-3411

Yutuo Tibetan Medicine Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610041, China.

"Bangjian" were traditional Tibetan medicine-flowers from Gentianaceae, which were widely used and had a long medicinal history for the function of detoxifying, curing heat symptoms and treating the laryngitis. The Tibetan compound preparation endowed SFDA approval number always used Bangjian aas the main raw materials for relieving cough, asthma and treating respiratory diseases such as acute and chronic bronchitis. Its commodity medicinal materials were also sold in Qinghai, Sichuan, Tibet and other local medicinal materials market and local specialty marke. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20180528.005DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Laryngeal Cryptococcoma Resulting in Airway Compromise in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Case Report.

Laryngoscope 2019 04 27;129(4):926-929. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A.

Cryptococcus neoformans is a yeast than can result in isolated or disseminated infections. This case report describes an immunocompetent patient presenting with airway obstruction secondary to laryngeal crypotococcoma, mimicking a laryngeal malignancy, and describes associated management. A 68-year-old immunocompetent female with a new positron emission tomography-avid laryngeal lesion was intubated after acute respiratory decompensation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27456
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27456DOI Listing
April 2019
19 Reads

Safety and utility of direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy in patients hospitalized with croup.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Aug;97(8):E25-E30

Texas ENT Specialists, 23920 Katy Fwy., Suite 430, Katy, TX 77494, USA.

Acute croup is a common admitting diagnosis for pediatric patients. If a patient is not responding to medical management for presumed croup, the otolaryngology team is occasionally consulted for direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (DLB) to rule out tracheitis or another airway pathology. We conducted a study to determine if inpatient DLB in acute croup is safe and efficacious and to correlate preoperative vital signs with intraoperative findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014556131809700805DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Glucocorticoids for croup in children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 08 22;8:CD001955. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Pediatrics and the Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 1C9.

Background: Glucocorticoids are commonly used for croup in children. This is an update of a Cochrane Review published in 1999 and previously updated in 2004 and 2011.

Objectives: To examine the effects of glucocorticoids for the treatment of croup in children aged 0 to 18 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001955.pub4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6513469PMC
August 2018
37 Reads

[Misdiagnosis experience of laryngeal carcinoma with acute laryngitis as the first symptom].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Aug;53(8):640

Department of Endoscopy, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2018.08.018DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

HIGH-FLOW NASAL CANNULA POST-TRACHEAL EXTUBATION IN A CHILD WITH UPPER AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION: CASE REPORT.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Jul-Sep;36(3):372-375. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.

Objective: To report a case of a patient who required tracheal intubation in a pediatric emergency department due to acute laryngitis and that, after the planned extubation, has successfully used the high-flow nasal cannula, which possibly prevented extubation failure.

Case Description: A male 8-month-old child was admitted to the pediatric emergency room with acute respiratory distress due to a high airway obstruction secondary to severe acute laryngitis. He was immediately intubated and referred to the pediatric intensive care unit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/;2018;36;3;00010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6202903PMC
May 2019
60 Reads

Akute Kehlkopfentzündung.

Authors:
Tadeus Nawka

Laryngorhinootologie 2018 Jul 9;97(7):455-456. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0589-3229DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Coarse particles and hospital admissions due to respiratory diseases in children. An ecological time series study.

Sao Paulo Med J 2018 May-Jun;136(3):245-250. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

MD, PhD. Researcher, Postgraduate Program on Environmental Sciences, Universidade de Taubaté (UNITAU), Taubaté (SP), Brazil.

Background: Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is associated with hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases among children.

Design And Setting: An ecological time series study was carried out to identify the role of coarse fractions of particulate matter (PM10-2.5) in hospitalizations among children up to 10 years of age, in Piracicaba (SP) in the year 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2017.0362080218DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Croup: Diagnosis and Management.

Am Fam Physician 2018 05;97(9):575-580

Naval Hospital Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

Croup is a common respiratory illness affecting 3% of children six months to three years of age. It accounts for 7% of hospitalizations annually for fever and/or acute respiratory illness in children younger than five years. Croup is a manifestation of upper airway obstruction resulting from swelling of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi, leading to inspiratory stridor and a barking cough. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2018
8 Reads

Corticosteroid use in management of pediatric emergency conditions.

Pediatr Emerg Med Pract 2018 Mar 1;15(3):1-16. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics; Section Chief, Pediatric Emergency Medicine; Medical Director, Upstate Poison Center, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY.

Corticosteroids have been used for over half a century to treat various inflammatory disorders; however, their use in many pediatric conditions remains controversial. This issue reviews evidence on corticosteroid treatment in acute asthma exacerbations, croup, acute pharyngitis, anaphylaxis, acute spinal injury, and bacterial meningitis. While corticosteroids are clearly indicated for management of asthma exacerbations and croup, they are not universally recommended for potential spinal cord injury. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2018
9 Reads

[Efficacy of systemic glucocorticoids combined with inhaled steroid on children with acute laryngitis].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jan;53(1):53-56

Department of Paediatrics, Taizhou People's Hospital, Taizhou 225300, China.

To evaluate the efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid (steroid) combined with high dose inhaled steroid in the treatment of children with acute laryngitis. A total of 78 children with acute laryngitis were randomly divided into study group(=40) and control group(=38) between November 2016 and April 2017. In addition to routine treatment of anti infection and symptomatic treatment, Dexamethasone injection(0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2018.01.012DOI Listing
January 2018
65 Reads

[The use of fenspiride for the combined treatment of exacerbation of chronic laryngitis].

Authors:
M A Ryabova

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2017;82(6):66-69

First Saint-Petersburg State Medical University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 197022.

The present study was carried out based at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of I.P. Pavlov First State Medical University of Saint-Petersburg. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino201782666-69DOI Listing
March 2018
18 Reads

Epidemiology and clinical profile of pathogens responsible for the hospitalization of children in Sousse area, Tunisia.

PLoS One 2017 17;12(11):e0188325. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Division of Virology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria.

This study aimed to identify a broad spectrum of respiratory pathogens from hospitalized and not-preselected children with acute respiratory tract infections in the Farhat Hached University-hospital of Sousse, Tunisia. Between September 2013 and December 2014, samples from 372 children aged between 1 month and 5 years were collected, and tested using multiplex real-time RT-PCR by a commercial assay for 21 respiratory pathogens. In addition, samples were screened for the presence of Streptococcus pneumoniae 16S rDNA using real-time PCR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0188325PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5693464PMC
December 2017
43 Reads

Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of human parainfluenza virus infections of children in southern Taiwan.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2018 Dec 22;51(6):749-755. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Department of Pediatrics, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City, Taiwan; Center of Infectious Disease and Signaling Research, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV) 1-4 had been analyzed as being one of the most frequent causes of hospitalizations for young children with respiratory tract illnesses.

Methods: This retrospective study was performed from children virologically confirmed as HPIV infection through throat swab or nasopharyngeal aspirates at a tertiary care university hospital, between January 2012 and December 2014. HPIV4 was not checked and analyzed, due to not include in the commercial kit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S16841182173006
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2016.08.017DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads
2.349 Impact Factor

Observational study on the palatability and tolerability of oral prednisolone and oral dexamethasone in children in Saudi Arabia and the UK.

Arch Dis Child 2018 01 22;103(1):83-88. Epub 2017 Jul 22.

Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Royal Derby Hospital Centre, Derby, UK.

Background: Short-course oral corticosteroids are routinely used to treat acute asthma and croup. We evaluated their tolerability and palatability in Saudi Arabian (SA) and UK children.

Methods: Prospective observational/interview study (3 months in each country). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://adc.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/archdischild-2017-3126
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-312697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5754874PMC
January 2018
24 Reads

[The combined treatment of dysphonia in the subjects engaged in the voice and speech professions].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2017;82(3):48-53

Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Ear, Throat, Nose and Speech, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 190013.

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of homeovox for the combined treatment of small vocal cord nodules and acute laryngitis in the professional voice users. A total of 40 subjects presenting with dysphonia were examined after they were divided into two study groups and two groups of comparison depending on the nosological form of the pathological condition. The subjects comprising the study groups were given traditional therapy in the combination with the intake of homeovox whereas the patients included in the two groups of comparison received the traditional treatment alone. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino201782348-53DOI Listing
September 2017
7 Reads

What is the effectiveness of systemic corticosteroids in children with croup?

Medwave 2017 Jun 6;17(Suppl2):e6965. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Proyecto Epistemonikos, Santiago, Chile.

Systemic corticosteroids constitute standard treatment in children with acute obstructive laryngitis (croup). However, there is some uncertainty in relation with the magnitude of the benefits and risks associated with their use. To answer this question, we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.medwave.cl/link.cgi/Medwave/PuestaDia/ResEpis/696
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5867/medwave.2017.6965DOI Listing
June 2017
15 Reads

A large French multicenter retrospective series of T1-T2N0 vocal cords carcinomas treated with exclusive irradiation.

Cancer Radiother 2017 Jun 15;21(4):286-290. Epub 2017 May 15.

Department of Oncology Radiotherapy, pôle Henry-S-Kaplan, CHRU Bretonneau, 2, boulevard Tonnellé, 37044 Tours, France.

Purpose: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the 5-year efficacy of exclusive laryngeal radiotherapy without node prophylactic irradiation for localized cancers of the vocal cords.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed charts from 258 patients with T1-T2N0 glottic carcinoma irradiated from April 1987 to March 2015 in four France western centers, including pretreated patients. Toxicity was analyzed according to CTCAE v4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canrad.2017.01.015DOI Listing
June 2017
17 Reads

Antibiotic Prescribing for Nonbacterial Acute Upper Respiratory Infections in Elderly Persons.

Ann Intern Med 2017 Jun 9;166(11):765-774. Epub 2017 May 9.

From Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, St. Joseph's Health Care; the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences at Western; Victoria Hospital; and Byron Family Medical Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute upper respiratory tract infections (AURIs) requires a better understanding of the factors associated with this practice.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic prescribing for nonbacterial AURIs and whether prescribing rates varied by physician characteristics.

Design: Retrospective analysis of linked administrative health care data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M16-1131DOI Listing
June 2017
75 Reads
17.810 Impact Factor

Prevalence and Occupation of Patients Presenting With Dysphonia in the United States.

J Voice 2017 Sep 13;31(5):594-600. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Head and Neck Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Objective: Voice disorders are common conditions that may have a significant impact on patient quality of life, yet their prevalence and epidemiology are poorly documented. In this study, we estimated the prevalence, demographics, and occupation of patients with dysphonia.

Methods: Using the Commercial and Medicare MarketScan databases of 146. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.01.011DOI Listing
September 2017
41 Reads

The Reported Incidence and Nature of Voice Disorders in the Private Healthcare Context of Gauteng.

J Voice 2017 Nov 23;31(6):774.e23-774.e28. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa.

Objectives: The study aimed to determine the incidence and nature of voice disorders, as reported by ear, nose, and throat specialists (ENTs), in the Gauteng private healthcare context.

Study Design: This is a cross-sectional survey design.

Methods: The respondents had to be certified ENTs working in the private healthcare context in Gauteng. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.02.013DOI Listing
November 2017
8 Reads

Management of acute respiratory diseases in the pediatric population: the role of oral corticosteroids.

Ital J Pediatr 2017 Mar 23;43(1):31. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Department of Maternal and Child Care and Urology, Gender Medicine Polyclinic, University of Rome "Sapienza", Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.

Respiratory diseases account for about 25% of all pediatric consultations, and 10% of these are for asthma. The other main pediatric respiratory diseases, in terms of incidence, are bronchiolitis, acute bronchitis and respiratory infections. Oral corticosteroids, in particular prednisolone, are often used to treat acute respiratory diseases given their anti-inflammatory effects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-017-0348-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5364577PMC
March 2017
41 Reads

Invasive fungal laryngopharyngitis resulting in laryngeal destruction with complete laryngotracheal separation: Report of a case.

Ear Nose Throat J 2017 Jan;96(1):E33-E36

Midwestern University-Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine, 19555 N. 59th Ave., Glendale, AZ 85308, USA.

As the treatment of hematopoietic cancers evolves, otolaryngologists will see a higher incidence of opportunistic infections. We discuss a case of invasive fungal disease that invaded the larynx, pharynx, trachea, and pulmonary parenchyma after chemotherapy. The patient, a 46-year-old woman, presented 1 week after undergoing induction chemotherapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014556131709600105DOI Listing
January 2017
13 Reads

Positive clinical outcomes derived from using K12 to prevent streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis in children: a pilot investigation.

Drug Healthc Patient Saf 2016 21;8:77-81. Epub 2016 Nov 21.

Pediatric Department, Uboldo Hospital, Cernusco S/N, Milan, Italy.

Background: K12 (BLIS K12) is a probiotic strain producing the bacteriocins salivaricin A2 and salivaricin B, both of which strongly antagonize the growth of , the most important bacterial cause of pharyngeal infections in humans. It successfully colonizes and exhibits persistence in the oral cavity and is endowed with an excellent safety profile. Previous observations of a small group of children indicated that the use of BLIS K12 could also reduce the occurrence of viral pharyngitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S117214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5123729PMC
November 2016
13 Reads

Common Cold - an Umbrella Term for Acute Infections of Nose, Throat, Larynx and Bronchi.

Authors:
P Kardos F A Malek

Pneumologie 2017 Apr 2;71(4):221-226. Epub 2016 Dec 2.

Clinical Research Department, Dr. Willmar Schwabe GmbH & Co. KG, Karlsruhe, Germany.

Acute respiratory tract infections, i. e. rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, belong to the most common medical conditions with a high economic burden. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0042-116112
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-116112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7117077PMC
April 2017
8 Reads

Hoarseness – causes and treatments.

Med Monatsschr Pharm 2016 Oct;39(10):429-35

Due to a hoarseness or dysphonia about 1 % of patients consult a doctor. The causes of hoarseness are very diverse and can range from a harmless laryngitis to vocal cord tumors. In addition to acute and chronic laryngitis (42 % and 10 %), functional dysphonia (30 %), benign (15 %) and malignant tumors (3 %), vocal cord paresis (5 %), the physiological aging voice (2 %) and psychogenic factors (2 %) can cause hoarseness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2016
24 Reads