1,460,492 results match your criteria Acute Hemorrhagic Edema of Infancy

Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis revealing VEXAS syndrome.

Kidney Int 2022 Jun;101(6):1295-1297

Department of Nephrology, Saint Nazaire Hospital, Saint Nazaire, France.

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Bisphenol A exposure induces metastatic aggression in low metastatic MCF-7 cells via PGC-1α mediated mitochondrial biogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity.

Life Sci 2022 May 18:120649. Epub 2022 May 18.

Food Drug and Chemical Toxicology Group, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Vishvigyan Bhawan, 31, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226001, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad 201002, India. Electronic address:

Aims: The frequency of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-positive breast cancers and their metastatic progression is prevalent in females globally. Aberrant interaction of estrogen-like endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is highly implicated in breast carcinogenesis. Studies have shown that single or acute exposures of weak EDCs such as bisphenol A (BPA) may not have a substantial pro-carcinogenic/metastatic effect. Read More

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NCOA2 coordinates with the transcriptional KAT2B-NF-κB partner to trigger inflammation response in acute kidney injury.

Gene 2022 May 18:146583. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Nephrology, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, China. Electronic address:

Dysregulation of multiple genes is an important risk factor for acute kidney injury (AKI). Numerous genes, such as proinflammatory cytokines, intracellular cell adhesion molecules (ICAMs), and nitric oxide synthases (NOSs), are implicated in AKI pathogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the dysregulation of these genes are still obscure. Read More

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Outcomes and endpoints in clinical trials supporting the marketing authorisation of treatments in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

Drug Discov Today 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Malta Medicines Authority, Sir Temi Żammit Buildings, Malta Life Sciences Park, San Ġwann, Malta; School of Pharmacy, Department of Biology, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

The improvement in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) treatment has led research efforts to focus on the unmet medical needs of an increasingly smaller patient cohort with resistant leukaemia and to develop more-targeted agents. Survival and response rates remain the most-prevalent endpoints in paediatric ALL research, but other intermediate clinical endpoints and molecular biomarkers for efficacy and mid- and long-term safety endpoints are also being investigated. The success of current ALL treatment appears to be driving new paradigms to optimise clinical drug development, while at the same time, regulatory tools in place are supporting meaningful drug development in the area. Read More

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Type C mutation of nucleophosmin 1 acute myeloid leukemia: Consequences of intrinsic disorder.

Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 2022 May 18:130173. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) protein is a multifunctional nucleolar chaperone and its gene is the most frequently mutated in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). AML mutations cause the unfolding of the C-terminal domain (CTD) and the protein delocalizing in the cytosol (NPM1c+). Marked aggregation endowed with an amyloid character was assessed as consequences of mutations. Read More

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Sex differences in time trends in acute coronary syndrome management and in 12-month lethality: Data from the French MONICA registries.

Int J Cardiol 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1167 - RID-AGE - Facteurs de risque et déterminants moléculaires des maladies liées au vieillissement, Lille, France.. Electronic address:

Background: Sex differences in clinical presentation, patient care and fatal outcomes after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have been reported. However, recent improvements in the care and treatment of ACSs have not been assessed with regard to possible sex differences.

Aim: To assess sex differences in trends between 2006 and 2016 in the characteristics of ACSs, their management, and the associated mortality. Read More

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Surgical outcomes of pulmonary valve infective endocarditis: A US population-based analysis.

Int J Cardiol 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Division of Cardiac Surgery, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Pulmonary valve infective endocarditis (PVIE) represents a rare subset of right-sided IE. This study aimed to evaluate the population-level surgical outcomes of PVIE in the United States.

Methods: We performed a retrospective observational study using the 2002-2017 National Inpatient Sample database. Read More

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Constricted semantic relations in acute depression.

J Affect Disord 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Gonda Center for Brain Research, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Background: It has been suggested that mood influences the breadth of associated information available for retrieval, with positive mood broadening and negative mood constricting the scope of associations. In this study, we asked whether this mood-associations connection is related to controlled processes which were linked to clinical symptoms in depression.

Methods: We used the semantic priming paradigm, which allows the dissociation of automatic and controlled processes by using short and long intervals between prime and target words. Read More

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Emerging cases of acute hepatitis of unknown origin in children amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic: Needs attention - Correspondence.

Int J Surg 2022 May 18:106682. Epub 2022 May 18.

Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, 243122, India. Electronic address:

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SGLT2 Inhibitors in Hypertension: Role Beyond Diabetes and Heart Failure.

Trends Cardiovasc Med 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Cardiology, Westchester Medical Center and New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a pandemic that affects millions of patients worldwide. Diabetes affects multiple organ systems leading to comorbidities including hypertension. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) recently have been approved for the treatment of T2DM and heart failure with reduced and preserved ejection fraction. Read More

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Pro-cognitive effect of acute imipramine administration correlates with direct interaction of BDNF with its receptor, Trkβ.

Brain Res 2022 May 18:147948. Epub 2022 May 18.

Maj Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Biochemical Pharmacology Laboratory, Smętna 12, 31-343 Kraków, Poland.

Given the important role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-mediated Trkβ signalling in the mechanism of action of antidepressants (ADs), we examined ligand-receptor interactions in the rat cingulate cortex using a proximity ligation assay (PLA) in response to acute and repeated administration of imipramine (IMI), followed by various drug-free periods. Both the acute and chronic administration of IMI increased the BDNF-Trkβ interaction observed 3 h after drug administration. Withdrawal of IMI for 72 h or 7 days did not alter BDNF-Trkβ interaction. Read More

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Chronic escalating-dose and acute binge cocaine treatments change the hippocampal cholinergic muscarinic system on drug presence and after withdrawal.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2022 May 18:116068. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 580, Bl. 13B, 05508-000 São Paulo/SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Cocaine addiction is a relapsing disorder with loss of control in limiting drug intake. Considering the involvement of acetylcholine in the neurobiology of the disease, our aim was to evaluate whether cocaine induces plastic changes in the hippocampal cholinergic muscarinic system. Male Swiss-Webster mice received saline or cocaine (ip) three times daily (60-min intervals) either acutely or in an escalating-dose binge paradigm for 14 days. Read More

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Dissociable language and executive control deficits and recovery in post-stroke aphasia: An exploratory observational and case series study.

Neuropsychologia 2022 May 18:108270. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Neurology, USA; Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, USA; Cognitive Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

A growing body of evidence indicates many, but not all, individuals with post-stroke aphasia experience executive dysfunction. Relationships between language and executive function skills are often reported in the literature, but the degree of interdependence between these abilities remains largely unanswered. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the extent to which language and executive control deficits dissociated in 1) acute stroke and 2) longitudinal aphasia recovery. Read More

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Clinical severity of COVID-19 in patients admitted to hospital during the omicron wave in South Africa: a retrospective observational study.

Lancet Glob Health 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa; School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Up to the end of January, 2022, South Africa has had four recognisable COVID-19 pandemic waves, each predominantly dominated by one variant of concern: the ancestral strain with an Asp614Gly mutation during the first wave, the beta variant (B.1.351) during the second wave, the delta variant (B. Read More

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Oral theophylline augmentation for patients with missed or inadequate seizures with electroconvulsive therapy.

Asian J Psychiatr 2022 May 10;73:103148. Epub 2022 May 10.

Jikei Hospital, Japan.

Aim: An inadequate seizure occasionally occurs during a course of acute electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) under the maximum approved electrical stimulation in Japan of 504 mC. This retrospective study was conducted to determine the effectiveness and adverse reactions of an oral theophylline augmentation technique.

Methods: A retrospective review of medical records was conducted of patients admitted to the Department of Psychiatry, Hiroshima Citizens Hospital, who received acute phase ECT from October 2014 to March 2017. Read More

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Increased progranulin as an independent predictive biomarker for poor prognosis in sepsis.

Cytokine 2022 May 18;155:155911. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Yixing People's Hospital, Jiangsu University, Yixing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Recently, many diagnostic biomarkers were reported, but each had its own limitation. However, there is a need for an effective sensitivity and specificity of biomarker in diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis. In this context, progranulin (PGRN), at elevated levels, has been associated with poor prognosis in infectious diseases. Read More

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A case report of retroperitoneal Ewing sarcoma requiring adrenalectomy.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Apr 11;95:106966. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Consultant General surgery/Acute Care and Trauma Surgeon, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Ewing's sarcoma is a rare entity of malignant in both skeletal and extra-skeletal sites. There are few patients reported as Extra-Skeletal Sarcoma, and fewer reported cases for Extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma involving the retroperitoneal region. Reporting such a rare entity will add to literature in helping the diagnosis and management of such cases. Read More

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BCG Vaccination: A potential tool against COVID-19 and COVID-19-like Black Swan incidents.

Int Immunopharmacol 2022 May 17;108:108870. Epub 2022 May 17.

Huadong Research Institute for Medicine and Biotechniques, Nanjing 210002, Jiangsu Province, China. Electronic address:

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and its variants have brought unprecedented impacts to the global public health system, politics, economy, and other fields. Although more than ten COVID-19 specific vaccines have been approved for emergency use, COVID-19 prevention and control still face many challenges. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the only authorized vaccine used to fight against tuberculosis (TB), it has been hypothesized that BCG may prevent and control COVID-19 based on BCG-induced nonspecific immune responses. Read More

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Isoliquiritin apioside relieves intestinal ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute lung injury by blocking Hif-1α-mediated ferroptosis.

Int Immunopharmacol 2022 May 18;108:108852. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, PR China. Electronic address:

Isoliquiritin apioside (IA), a critical ingredient of Glycyrrhizae radix et rhizoma, has been unveiled to possess remarkable pharmacological activity against oxidative stress and inflammation. However, the potential roles of IA in intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) have not been reported yet. In the present study, we explored the effects of IA on I/R-induced ALI, and also clarified the possible mechanisms. Read More

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Acute methyl jasmonate exposure results in major bursts of stress volatiles, but in surprisingly low impact on specialized volatile emissions in the fragrant grass Cymbopogon flexuosus.

J Plant Physiol 2022 May 15;274:153721. Epub 2022 May 15.

Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 1, Tartu, 51006, Estonia; Estonian Academy of Sciences, Kohtu 6, 10130, Tallinn, Estonia. Electronic address:

Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is an airborne hormonal elicitor that induces a fast rise of emissions of characteristic stress marker compounds methanol and green leaf volatiles (GLV), and a longer-term release of volatile terpenoids, but there is limited information of how terpene emissions respond to MeJA in terpene-storing species. East-Indian lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), an aromatic herb with a large terpenoid storage pool in idioblasts, was used to investigate the short- (0-1 h) and long-term (1-16 h) responses of leaf net assimilation rate (A), stomatal conductance (G) and volatile emissions to MeJA concentrations ranging from moderate to lethal. Both A and G were increasingly inhibited with increasing MeJA concentration in both short and long term. Read More

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Impact of prior antiplatelet therapy on outcomes of endovascular therapy for acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion: Sub-analysis of the RESCUE-Japan Registry 2.

J Neurol Sci 2022 May 11;438:120278. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The impact of prior antiplatelet therapy (APT) on clinical outcomes of endovascular therapy (EVT) for large vessel occlusion (LVO) on clinical outcomes is uncertain. We explored the associations between prior APT and in-hospital and 90-day outcomes in a real-world setting.

Methods And Results: The RESCUE-Japan Registry 2 is a physician-initiated registry of 2408 consecutive patients with acute LVO admitted to hospital within 24 h of stroke onset. Read More

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Ventricular systolic dysfunction in dogs diagnosed with hypoadrenocorticism.

J Vet Cardiol 2022 Apr 23;41:231-235. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, 736 Wilson Road, East Lansing, Michigan, 48824, USA. Electronic address:

In human patients with hypoadrenocorticism, a secondary dilated cardiomyopathy is noted that has been reported to resolve with replacement steroid therapy. A similar secondary dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs with hypoadrenocorticism has not been previously described. We present three dogs concurrently diagnosed with hypoadrenocorticism and ventricular dilation with systolic dysfunction. Read More

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Semantic segmentation guided detector for segmentation, classification, and lesion mapping of acute ischemic stroke in MRI images.

Neuroimage Clin 2022 May 12;35:103044. Epub 2022 May 12.

Community Medicine Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan; Clinical Informatics and Medical Statistics Research Center, Chung Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: MRI images timely and accurately reflect ischemic injuries to the brain tissues and, therefore, can support clinical decision-making of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). To maximize the information provided by the MRI images, we leverage deep learning models to segment, classify, and map lesion distributions of AIS.

Methods: We evaluated brain MRI images of AIS patients from 2017 to 2020 at a tertiary teaching hospital and developed the Semantic Segmentation Guided Detector Network (SGD-Net), composed of the first U-shaped model for segmentation in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and the second model for binary classification of lesion size (lacune vs. Read More

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The ethanolic extract of Artemisia anomala exerts anti-inflammatory effects via inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome.

Phytomedicine 2022 May 10;102:154163. Epub 2022 May 10.

Laboratory of Natural Product Drugs, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Medical School, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, PR China.

Background: Artemisia anomala S. Moore (Compositae), known as "Nan-Liu-Ji-Nu" in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been used to treat many inflammatory diseases, including enteritis, acute icteric hepatitis, rheumatism, toothache, tonsillitis, and chronic bronchitis, for centuries. Our preliminary studies have demonstrated that the ethanolic extract of A. Read More

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Polyploid giant cancer cells, EZH2 and Myc upregulation in mammary epithelial cells infected with high-risk human cytomegalovirus.

EBioMedicine 2022 May 18;80:104056. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department Pathogens and Inflammation-EPILAB, EA4266, Université de Franche-Comté, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté (UBFC), 16 route de Gray, Besançon F-25030, France; Department of Virology, CHU Besançon, Besançon, France. Electronic address:

Background: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection has been actively implicated in complex neoplastic processes. Beyond oncomodulation, the molecular mechanisms that might underlie HCMV-induced oncogenesis are being extensively studied. Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) proteins, in particular enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) are associated with cancer progression. Read More

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Computational studies evidenced the potential of steroidal lactone to disrupt surface interaction of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and hACE2.

Comput Biol Med 2022 May 13;146:105598. Epub 2022 May 13.

Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, 110016, India. Electronic address:

The critical event in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pathogenesis is recognition of host cells by the virus, which is facilitated by protein-protein interaction (PPI) of viral Spike-Receptor Binding Domain (S-RBD) and Human Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2-Receptor (hACE2-R). Thus, disrupting the interaction between S-RBD and hACE2-R is widely accepted as a primary strategy for managing COVID-19. The purpose of this study is to assess the ability of three steroidal lactones (SL) (4-Dehydrowithaferin A, Withaferin A, and Withalongolide A) derived from plants to disrupt the PPI of S-RBD and hACE2-R under two conditions (CON-I and CON-II) using in-silico methods. Read More

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The effect of acute intradermal administration of ascorbate on heat loss responses in older adults with uncomplicated controlled hypertension.

Exp Physiol 2022 May 21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

New Findings: What is the central question of this study? Does acute intradermal administration of the antioxidant ascorbate augment local forearm cutaneous vasodilatation and sweating via nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent mechanisms during exercise-heat stress in older adults with uncomplicated controlled hypertension? What is the main finding and its importance? Relative to control site, ascorbate had no effect on forearm cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweat rate, although CVC was reduced with NOS-inhibition in older adults with hypertension. We showed that acute local administration of ascorbate to forearm skin does not modulate heat loss responses during exercise-heat stress in older adults with hypertension.

Abstract: Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) contributes to the heat loss responses of cutaneous vasodilatation and sweating during exercise. Read More

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