Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease. It can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and, in a percentage of cases, to hepatocarcinogenesis. The strong incidence in western countries of obesity and metabolic syndrome, whose NAFLD is the hepatic expression, is thought to be correlated to consumption of diets characterized by processed food and sweet beverages. Read More
Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National University Hospital, 567 Baekje-ro, Dukjin-gu, Jeonju, 561-756, Republic of Korea.
Sweet's syndrome (SS) or acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis is an uncommon condition. It is characterized by fever, polymorphonuclear leukocytosis, painful erythematous cutaneous plaques, and dense dermal infiltrate of neutrophils without vasculitis at the site of skin lesions. Lesions in SS might enlarge and coalesce with increasing dermal oedema, resulting in pseudo-vesicular appearance mimicking joint infections. Read More
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
Interdisciplinary Center "Smell & Taste", Department of Otorhinolaryngology, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
Introduction: Idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (IHH) with an olfactory deficit is defined as Kallmann syndrome (KS) and is distinct from normosmic IHH.
Objective: Because olfactory perception not only consists of orthonasally gained impressions but also involves retronasal olfactory function, in this study we decided to comprehensively evaluate both retronasal and orthonasal olfaction in patients with IHH.
Methods: This case-control study included 31 controls and 45 IHH patients. Read More
Case Rep Dermatol 2017 May-Aug;9(2):86-90. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) is an uncommon inflammatory cutaneous disorder. It presents with lesions which are tender, erythematous, edematous papules and under histologic examination show dense neutrophilic infiltration of the dermis. These lesions are often accompanied by leukocytosis and fever. Read More
Kidneys play an important role in glucose homeostasis. Renal gluconeogenesis prevents hypoglycemia by releasing glucose into the blood stream. Glucose homeostasis is also due, in part, to reabsorption and excretion of hexose in the kidney. Read More
Hispanics have an increased risk for metabolic disorders, which evidence suggests may be due to interactions between lifespan biological, genetic, and lifestyle factors. Studies show the diet of many U.S. Read More
TRPM5 is a nonselective monovalent cation channel activated by increases of intracellular Ca(2+) . It has a distinct expression pattern: expression is detected in chemosensitive tissues from solitary chemosensory cells to the taste receptor cells and in pancreatic β-cells. The role of TRPM5 has been investigated with the use of knockout mouse models. Read More
Sweet syndrome, also known as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is an uncommon inflammatory disorder marked by fever and swelling of the skin that can be very painful. It is especially rare in the pediatric population. Infection is a well-known trigger for Sweet syndrome, but this entity has, to our knowledge, never been described after Mycoplasma infection. Read More
BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) refers to a group of upper gastrointestinal syndromes, subdivided into two types: postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). The etiology of FD remains unclear; however, unhealthy dietary habit is one potential underlying cause. We aim to explore the association of poor dietary habits with FD and its subtypes. Read More
Purple sweet potato color (PSPC), a class of naturally occurring anthocyanins, exhibits beneficial effects on metabolic syndrome. Sustained inflammation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. Here we explored the effects of PSPC on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic inflammation and the mechanisms underlying these effects. Read More
Bullous Sweet's syndrome is a rare variant of the inflammatory neutrophilic dermatosis characterised by painful bullous skin lesions, fever, leukocytosis and a neutrophilic infiltrate of the dermis. The condition may be classified according to aetiology into classical (idiopathic), malignancy-associated and drug-induced. Neutrophilic infiltration occurs in response to a systemic insult. Read More
Introduction: Neutrophilic dermatoses are a heterogenous group of chronic, cutaneous inflammatory conditions characterized by the accumulation of neutrophils in the skin and by systemic inflammation. Neutrophilic dermatoses can be idiopathic or associated with other inflammatory or systemic diseases, including the group of the hereditary, autoinflammatory syndromes. Clinical management is challenging, due to limited clinical evidence and lack of clinical practice guidelines. Read More
The association between Sweet syndrome and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is exceptional. We report the case of a 44 years-old woman in whom recurrent Sweet syndrome was complicated by monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) after 3 years of evolution. Read More
Sweet's syndrome is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by an abrupt onset of painful erythematous lesions showing neutrophilic infiltrates in the dermis. Fever and an elevated neutrophil level are generally observed. Sweet's syndrome may be idiopathic, malignancy-associated, or drug-induced (mainly involving granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration). Read More
Sweet syndrome (SS) is a prototypical neutrophilic dermatosis, a class of inflammatory diseases marked by elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-17A, pathologic neutrophil recruitment, and microvascular remodeling. Histologic analyses of four matrix proteins-collagen I and IV, laminin, and fibronectin-in skin biopsies of patients with SS reveal that the basement membrane of dermal postcapillary venules undergoes changes in structure and composition. Increased neutrophil recruitment in vivo was associated with increases in collagen IV, decreases in laminin, and varied changes in fibronectin. Read More
Radix Astragali (RA) with slight sweet and warm property is a significant "qi tonifying" herb; it is indicated for the syndrome of dampness stagnancy due to spleen deficiency (DSSD). The purpose of this research was to explore effects of RA and its split components on gene expression profiles related to water metabolism in rats with the DSSD syndrome for identifying components representing property and flavor of RA. The results indicated that RA and its split components, especially polysaccharides component, significantly increased the body weight and the urine volume and decreased the water load index of model rats. Read More
We present a rare case of acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, also known as Sweet syndrome, associated with recurrence of metastatic cervical cancer. This report highlights similar reports and serves as an important reminder of the relationship between Sweet syndrome and cervical cancer. Increasing awareness of Sweet syndrome assists clinicians in recognizing characteristic findings and encourages evaluation of patients for new-onset or recurrent neoplastic disease. Read More
‡Department of Family and Community Medicine,Division of Emergency Medicine,University of Toronto,Toronto,ON.
Sweet syndrome was discovered in 1964 and is now well described in the dermatology literature. Knowledge of this unique febrile and painful dermatosis is important for the emergency physician because the syndrome can be readily identified and is extremely responsive to oral steroid therapy. Early diagnosis can greatly improve patient satisfaction and avoid days of ineffective treatment. Read More
The pathergy test produces a nonspecific hyperreactive lesion in Behçet's disease (BD), a finding that has been known since 1937. Pathergy refers to the development of new skin lesions or the aggravation of existing ones after trivial trauma. In clinical practice, the pathergy test induces a skin response by needleprick, with positive reactions manifesting as a papule or pustule developing by 48 hours. Read More
From the Cleveland Clinic Coordinating Center for Clinical Research (C5Research), Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland (A.M.L., V.M., E.M., K.W., D.M., S.E.N.); South Australian Heart and Medical Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide (S.J.N.), and School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney (P.J.B.) - both in Australia; Eli Lilly, Indianapolis (J.S.R., G.R., B.V., G.W.); Washington Cardiovascular Associates, Medstar Research Institute, Washington, DC (H.B.B.); Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh (K.A.A.F.); Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (C.M.G.); Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (C.G.); Université Sorbonne Paris 6, ACTION Study Group, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Institut de Cardiologie, Paris (G.M.); Penn Heart and Vascular Center, Philadelphia (D.R.); Columbia University, New York (A.R.T.), and Saratoga Cardiology Associates, Saratoga Springs (D.K.) - both in New York; St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto (S.G.), Recherche Médicale Saint-Jérôme, Saint-Jérôme, QC (Y.P.), and Centre de Santé et de Services Sociaux du Nord de Lanaudière-Centre Hospitalier Régional de Lanaud, Saint-Charles-Borromée, QC (S.K.) - all in Canada; Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (D.C.); University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas (D.K.M.); Heart Institute (InCor)-University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo (J.C.N.); Hospital Central Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto, San Luis Potosi, Mexico (J.L.L.-P.); the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China (W.L.); and South Oklahoma Heart Research, Oklahoma City (N.T.).
Background: The cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor evacetrapib substantially raises the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level, reduces the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level, and enhances cellular cholesterol efflux capacity. We sought to determine the effect of evacetrapib on major adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with high-risk vascular disease.
Methods: In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial, we enrolled 12,092 patients who had at least one of the following conditions: an acute coronary syndrome within the previous 30 to 365 days, cerebrovascular atherosclerotic disease, peripheral vascular arterial disease, or diabetes mellitus with coronary artery disease. Read More
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of dietary food groups and genetic variants of APOA1/APOC3, relative to Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) risk in adults.
Methods: In this matched nested case-control study, 414 MetS subjects and 414 controls were selected from among participants of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Dietary intake was assessed with the use of a valid and reliable semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Read More
Introduction: Myelodysplastic syndrome is characterized by stem-cell-derived clonal myelopoiesis with an alteration in proliferation and differentiation. This condition carries a potential for transformation to acute leukemia, primarily in cases that are accompanied by high-risk features at diagnosis.
Case Presentation: A 68-year-old man with recently diagnosed myelodysplastic syndrome and Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) presented to our Emergency Department with shortness of breath. Read More
Sweet's Syndrome also knows as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is a rare skin's condition, that can occur either idiopathic or secondary. In the case of the latter, the syndrome can develop after certain malignancies (paraneoplastic syndrome), because of exposure to some medication or post infectious. It is more frequent in women aged between 30 and 50 years, but concerning children, the disorder is extremely rare (8% of the total number of cases), having equal sex ratio distribution. Read More
Radiotherapy's main skin toxicities are now well-separated, acute (acute radiation dermatitis) or chronic complications (chronic radiation dermatitis, induced cutaneous carcinoma, aesthetic sequelae). Exceptionally, radiotherapy may induce, by isomorphic reaction or Koebner's phenomenon, some specific dermatosis. In this article, we report five new observations of these unusual complications of radiation therapy, occurring in very variable time after breast irradiation and remaining strictly localized in the irradiated field (cutaneous mastocytosis, Sweet syndrome, lichen planus, vitiligo). Read More
Imatinib mesylate (imatinib) is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor initially approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2001 for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Since then, the number of indicated uses for imatinib has substantially increased. It is increasingly important that dermatologists recognize adverse cutaneous manifestations of imatinib and are aware of their management and outcomes to avoid unnecessarily discontinuing a potentially lifesaving medication. Read More
Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) is a rare dermatosis characterized by painful papules and plaques accompanied by cutaneous infiltration with neutrophilic granulocytes. Bullous changes are observed in some cases. We report about a patient with osteomyelofibrosis who developed fever accompanied by painful plaques and confluent papules on both arms and thighs. Read More
Histiocytoid Sweet's Syndrome is a rare inflammatory disease described in 2005 as a variant of the classical Sweet's Syndrome (SS). Histopathologically, the dermal inflammatory infiltrate is composed mainly of mononuclear cells that have a histiocytic appearance and represent immature myeloid cells. We describe a case of Histiocytoid Sweet's Syndrome in an 18-year-old man. Read More
Background: Sweet syndrome (SS) is an infrequent skin disease characterised by sudden onset of fever, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, and tender erythematous plaques infiltrated by neutrophils. Multiple conditions have been associated with this syndrome.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological, laboratory, and histopathological findings and associations of patients with SS. Read More
A man aged 78 years presented with a 3-week history of tender mouth ulceration associated with arthralgia and weight loss. He had ulcerative colitis that was diagnosed 10 years previously which was well controlled on adalimumab 40 mg fortnightly. Biochemical and haematological investigations showed raised inflammatory markers (CRP 105) and a marked neutrophilia (10). Read More
An 8-year-old castrated male Bichon Frise was presented to the Kansas State University Veterinary Health Center for evaluation of unilateral right-sided exophthalmos, suspected secondary to a retrobulbar abscess. The dog had acutely developed right-sided periorbital swelling, exophthalmos with pain on retropulsion, as well as multiple cutaneous exudative plaques on the feet and tail base. On ophthalmic examination, the dog also exhibited mild left-sided exophthalmos with decreased, nonpainful retropulsion. Read More
Many articles have discussed the relationship between fructose consumption and the incidence of obesity and related diseases. Fructose is absorbed in the intestine and metabolized in the liver to glucose, lactate, glycogen, and, to a lesser extent, lipids. Unabsorbed fructose causes bacterial fermentation, resulting in irritable bowl syndrome. Read More
Neutrophilic spongiosis also known as granulocytic spongiotic papulovesiculosis (GSPV) is an uncommon disorder of uncertain classification. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman suffering from recurrent episodes of itchy, grouped papulovesicles over her body, histologically showing granulocytic spongiosis. The eruptions showed complete response to dapsone. Read More
Objective: To compare outcomes of infants and children who underwent lung transplantation for genetic disorders of surfactant metabolism (SFTPB, SFTPC, ABCA3, and NKX2-1) over 2 epochs (1993-2003 and 2004-2015) at St Louis Children's Hospital.
Study Design: We retrospectively reviewed clinical characteristics, mortality, and short- and long-term morbidities of infants (transplanted at <1 year; n = 28) and children (transplanted >1 year; n = 16) and compared outcomes by age at transplantation (infants vs children) and by epoch of transplantation.
Results: Infants underwent transplantation more frequently for surfactant protein-B deficiency, whereas children underwent transplantation more frequently for SFTPC mutations. Read More