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    1914 results match your criteria Acute Febrile Neutrophilic Dermatosis

    1 OF 39

    Imatinib mesylate-induced lichenoid drug eruption.
    Cutis 2017 Mar;99(3):189-192
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, USA.
    Imatinib mesylate (imatinib) is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor initially approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2001 for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Since then, the number of indicated uses for imatinib has substantially increased. It is increasingly important that dermatologists recognize adverse cutaneous manifestations of imatinib and are aware of their management and outcomes to avoid unnecessarily discontinuing a potentially lifesaving medication. Read More

    [Bullous Sweet's syndrome with pulmonary involvement].
    Hautarzt 2017 Mar 16. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Abteilung für Dermatologie und Venerologie, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung , Juchgasse 25, 1030, Wien, Österreich.
    Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) is a rare dermatosis characterized by painful papules and plaques accompanied by cutaneous infiltration with neutrophilic granulocytes. Bullous changes are observed in some cases. We report about a patient with osteomyelofibrosis who developed fever accompanied by painful plaques and confluent papules on both arms and thighs. Read More

    Sweet Syndrome.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2017 Feb 1:1203475417690719. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Department of Dermatology, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Sweet syndrome (SS) is an infrequent skin disease characterised by sudden onset of fever, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, and tender erythematous plaques infiltrated by neutrophils. Multiple conditions have been associated with this syndrome.

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological, laboratory, and histopathological findings and associations of patients with SS. Read More

    Clinicopathologic, Immunohistochemical, and Molecular Features of Histiocytoid Sweet Syndrome.
    JAMA Dermatol 2017 Mar 15. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Departments of Dermatology and Pathology, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Universidad Autónoma, Madrid, Spain.
    Importance: Histiocytoid Sweet syndrome is a rare histopathologic variant of Sweet syndrome. The nature of the histiocytoid infiltrate has generated considerable controversy in the literature.

    Objective: The main goal of this study was to conduct a comprehensive overview of the immunohistochemical phenotype of the infiltrate in histiocytoid Sweet syndrome. Read More

    Exophthalmos due to sterile neutrophilic dermatosis in a dog.
    Vet Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 14. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.
    An 8-year-old castrated male Bichon Frise was presented to the Kansas State University Veterinary Health Center for evaluation of unilateral right-sided exophthalmos, suspected secondary to a retrobulbar abscess. The dog had acutely developed right-sided periorbital swelling, exophthalmos with pain on retropulsion, as well as multiple cutaneous exudative plaques on the feet and tail base. On ophthalmic examination, the dog also exhibited mild left-sided exophthalmos with decreased, nonpainful retropulsion. Read More

    The Role of Carbohydrate Response Element Binding Protein in Intestinal and Hepatic Fructose Metabolism.
    Nutrients 2017 Feb 22;9(2). Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.
    Many articles have discussed the relationship between fructose consumption and the incidence of obesity and related diseases. Fructose is absorbed in the intestine and metabolized in the liver to glucose, lactate, glycogen, and, to a lesser extent, lipids. Unabsorbed fructose causes bacterial fermentation, resulting in irritable bowl syndrome. Read More

    Granulocytic Spongiotic Papulovesiculosis (Neutrophilic Spongiosis): A Rare Entity.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 Jan-Feb;62(1):88-91
    Department of Pathology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Suchita Kriplani Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Neutrophilic spongiosis also known as granulocytic spongiotic papulovesiculosis (GSPV) is an uncommon disorder of uncertain classification. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman suffering from recurrent episodes of itchy, grouped papulovesicles over her body, histologically showing granulocytic spongiosis. The eruptions showed complete response to dapsone. Read More

    Outcomes of Lung Transplantation for Infants and Children with Genetic Disorders of Surfactant Metabolism.
    J Pediatr 2017 May 16;184:157-164.e2. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine and St. Louis Children's Hospital, St Louis, MO. Electronic address:
    Objective: To compare outcomes of infants and children who underwent lung transplantation for genetic disorders of surfactant metabolism (SFTPB, SFTPC, ABCA3, and NKX2-1) over 2 epochs (1993-2003 and 2004-2015) at St Louis Children's Hospital.

    Study Design: We retrospectively reviewed clinical characteristics, mortality, and short- and long-term morbidities of infants (transplanted at <1 year; n = 28) and children (transplanted >1 year; n = 16) and compared outcomes by age at transplantation (infants vs children) and by epoch of transplantation.

    Results: Infants underwent transplantation more frequently for surfactant protein-B deficiency, whereas children underwent transplantation more frequently for SFTPC mutations. Read More

    Dietary and commercialized fructose: Sweet or sour?
    Int Urol Nephrol 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    School of Medicine, Koç University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer, 34450, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are main health problems of modern life in the twenty-first century. Alarming ratios of global prevalence lead to conduct more and more researches about etiological factors and pathogenesis. Disease mechanism is elementary for advancing more efficient and practicable treatment methods. Read More

    Azathioprine Hypersensitivity Syndrome: Two Cases of Febrile Neutrophilic Dermatosis Induced by Azathioprine.
    Case Rep Dermatol 2017 Jan-Apr;9(1):6-11. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
    Paul Sabatier University, University Hospitals of Toulouse, Toulouse, France; Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
    Background: Azathioprine is an immunosuppressive agent used in the treatment of immune-mediated diseases. Azathioprine hypersensitivity syndrome is a rare adverse reaction occurring a few days to weeks after the administration of azathioprine.

    Case 1: A 36-year-old male with ulcerative colitis presented with erythematous plaques, pustules and erosions on the lower back, buttocks and thighs associated with high fever (39°C) 2 weeks after the initiation of azathioprine 100 mg/day. Read More

    Cutaneous adverse effects of the immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    Curr Probl Cancer 2016 Dec 14. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
    Section of Dermatology, Department of Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire; Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.
    The immune checkpoint targeted agents, anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and anti-programed cell death 1 (PD-1) or anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors are frequently associated with cutaneous side effects that are often dose limiting and can lead to discontinuation of therapy. Ipilimumab, a CTLA-4 inhibitor, is most commonly associated with a morbilliform eruption on the trunk and extremities and pruritus. More severe cutaneous toxicities reported include toxic epidermal necrolysis and severe drug rash with eosinophila and systemic symptoms. Read More

    Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection or Sweet Syndrome: Surgery Versus No Surgery?: A Case Report.
    A A Case Rep 2017 Apr;8(7):182-185
    From the *Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; †Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; ‡Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts; §Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts; ‖Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    The authors report a case of necrotizing Sweet syndrome in a 24-year-old transsexual male who presented with recurrent myonecrosis of the neck/upper chest. On index admission, computer tomography revealed gas and fat stranding of the sternocleidomastoid and pectoralis major muscle-findings suggestive of a necrotizing soft tissue infection. Despite debridement procedures and intravenous antibiotic therapy, myonecrosis of the affected areas persisted. Read More

    Panniculitis: A summary.
    Semin Diagn Pathol 2016 Dec 27. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Section of Dermatopathology,Dermatopathology, Division of Surgical Pathology & Cytopathology, University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address:
    The diagnosis of panniculitis is felt to be a confusing topic by some pathologists. This summarical article presents inflammatory diseases of the subcutis in a systematic fashion, based on whether they are centered on fibrovascular septa or the adipose lobules, and whether morphologic vasculitis is present or not. Septocentric, non-vasculitis disorders include erythema nodosum, panniculitis that follows the use of "biological" therapeutic agents, lipodermatosclerosis, post-irradiation panniculitis, morphea profunda, and necrobiosis lipodica profunda. Read More

    Disorders characterized by predominant or exclusive dermal inflammation.
    Semin Diagn Pathol 2016 Dec 14. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
    Section of Dermatopathology, Division of Surgical Pathology & Cytopathology, University of Virginia Medical Center, Room 3020 University of Virginia Hospital, 1215 Lee Street, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0214, USA. Electronic address:
    Some cutaneous inflammatory disorders are typified by a predominant or exclusive localization in the dermis. They can be further subdivided by the principal cell types into lymphocytic, neutrophilic, and eosinophilic infiltrates, and mixtures of them are also seen in a proportion of cases. This review considers such conditions. Read More

    Age-Related Changes in Gustatory, Homeostatic, Reward, and Memory Processing of Sweet Taste in the Metabolic Syndrome: An fMRI Study.
    Perception 2017 Mar-Apr;46(3-4):283-306. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, CA, USA; San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, CA, USA; Division of Head and Neck Surgery, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, CA, USA.
    Age affects the human taste system at peripheral and central levels. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risk factors (e.g. Read More

    Clinicopathologic, immunophenotyping and cytogenetic analysis of Sweet syndrome in Egyptian patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
    Pathol Res Pract 2017 Feb 26;213(2):143-153. Epub 2016 Oct 26.
    Department of Clinical Pathology, Banha University, Banha, Egypt. Electronic address:
    Background: Sweet syndrome (SS) is an uncommon dermatologic disorder that could be associated with hematologic malignancies.

    Objective: To describe the clinicopathologic, immunophenotyping and cytogenetic characteristics of SS in Egyptian patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

    Methods: The study was conducted during the period from April 2011 to March 2015. Read More

    Sweet syndrome: a painful reality.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Dec 23;2016. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    St John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, USA.
    Sweet syndrome is a rare disorder that is manifested by constellation of clinical features, including fever, neutrophilic leucocytosis, raised painful plaques on skin and dermal infiltration by neutrophils. Numerous aetiological associations have been reported in the literature, including various haematological malignancies and drugs. Our case was peculiar because of association of capecitabine and Sweet syndrome in rectal cancer. Read More

    A case of Sweet's syndrome associated with uveitis in a young male with ulcerative colitis.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 2016 ;57(3):1145-1147
    2nd Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tirgu Mures, Romania;
    Sweet's syndrome is rare acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis whose onset is either idiopathic or associated with other underlying conditions, such as infections, autoimmune diseases, pregnancy, use of certain medications, or malignancy. We report the case of a young male with known history of ulcerative colitis and abrupt onset of high fever, malaise, blurred vision and eruption of painful erythematous nodules and papules, localized on the head, neck, trunk and upper limbs. Ophthalmological examination established the diagnosis of anterior uveitis. Read More

    Neutrophilic Dermatosis of Dorsal Hands and Legs.
    Arch Iran Med 2016 Dec;19(12):879-881
    Dermatology Resident, Skin and Stem Cell Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    We present a case of neutrophilic dermatosis of dorsal hands (NDDH), with lesions on the dorsal part of the hands with pustular features and histologic picture of vasculitis.This case highlights the notion that low dose oral steroid can offer a useful first therapeutic option for NDDH. Interstingly, in this case, a few additional lesions were located on the legs, making it different from some previously described cases of NDDH. Read More

    Role of Circulating microRNAs in the Immunopathogenesis of Rejection Following Pediatric Lung Transplantation.
    Transplantation 2016 Dec 8. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
    aNorton Thoracic Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, US bDepartments of Genetics and cPediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, US dCincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, US eDepartment of Medicine, Recanati Miller Transplant Institute and Immunology Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, US.
    Background: Acute rejection (AR) and development of chronic rejection, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), remain major limiting factors for lung transplantation (LTx). This retrospective study is to identify differentially expressed circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) that associate with development of AR and BOS in pediatric lung transplant recipients (LTxR).

    Methods: We determined the circulating levels of 7 selected candidate miRNAs in 14 LTxR with AR, 7 with BOS, and compared them against 13 stable pediatric LTxR at 1, 6, and 12 months following LTx. Read More

    Acral manifestations of Sweet syndrome (neutrophilic dermatosis of the hands).
    Clin Dermatol 2017 Jan - Feb;35(1):81-84. Epub 2016 Sep 12.
    Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Neutrophilic dermatosis of the hand (NDH) is a rare localized variant of the syndrome, originally described two decades ago by Strutton et al. The lesions of NDH and Sweet syndrome are similar, as indicated in the first report of NDH. Both diagnoses are characterized by an acute onset of fever, leukocytosis, and tender, erythematous infiltrated plaques. Read More

    Association of Odor Thresholds and Responses in Cerebral Blood Flow of the Prefrontal Area during Olfactory Stimulation in Patients with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity.
    PLoS One 2016 9;11(12):e0168006. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.
    Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a disorder characterized by nonspecific and recurrent symptoms from various organ systems associated with exposure to low levels of chemicals. Patients with MCS process odors differently than controls do. Previously, we suggested that this odor processing was associated with increased regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the prefrontal area during olfactory stimulation using near-infrared spectroscopic (NIRS) imaging. Read More

    Citrus psorosis virus coat protein-derived hairpin construct confers stable transgenic resistance in citrus against psorosis A and B syndromes.
    Transgenic Res 2017 Apr 28;26(2):225-235. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Instituto de Biotecnología y Biología Molecular, CCT-La Plata, CONICET - UNLP, calles 47 y 115, 1900, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Citrus psorosis virus (CPsV) is the causal agent of psorosis, a serious and widespread citrus disease. Two syndromes of psorosis, PsA and PsB, have been described. PsB is the most aggressive and rampant form. Read More

    Rapid test for lung maturity, based on spectroscopy of gastric aspirate, predicted respiratory distress syndrome with high sensitivity.
    Acta Paediatr 2017 Mar 20;106(3):430-437. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    Departments of Pediatrics, Holbaek University Hospital, Holbaek, Denmark.
    Aim: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in premature infants. By the time symptoms appear, it may already be too late to prevent a severe course, with bronchopulmonary dysplasia or mortality. We aimed to develop a rapid test of lung maturity for targeting surfactant supplementation. Read More

    [Cutaneous involvement in chronic inflammatory bowel disease : Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis].
    Hautarzt 2016 Dec;67(12):940-947
    Abteilung für Dermatologie und Venerologie, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Juchgasse 25, 1030, Wien, Österreich.
    Background: Over recent decades, both the incidence and prevalence of chronic inflammatory bowel disease have continued to rise in industrialized countries; the disease is frequently associated with extracutaneous involvement and comorbidity.

    Objectives: The purpose of this work was to investigate the frequency and specificity of mucocutaneous manifestations in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).

    Materials And Methods: An extensive search in peer-reviewed journals via PubMed was performed; presented is a summary and analysis of various studies and data, including data of patients treated at our department. Read More

    [Chronic recurrent annular neutrophilic dermatosis].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2016 Nov 4. Epub 2016 Nov 4.
    Département de dermatologie, hôpital Saint-Eloi, CHRU de Montpellier, 80, avenue Augustin-Fliche, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France; Université de Montpellier, 163, rue Auguste-Broussonnet, 34090 Montpellier, France; UFR de pharmacie, Inserm U1058, 15, avenue Charles-Flahaut, 34093 Montpellier cedex 5, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Chronic recurrent annular neutrophilic dermatosis (CRAND) is a rare form of neutrophilic dermatosis characterised by chronic annular progression, histological impairment similar to that seen in Sweet's syndrome and the absence of association with generalised signs, abnormal laboratory values or underlying systemic disease. Herein we report two new cases.

    Patients And Methods: Case n(o) 1. Read More

    Baseline reef health surveys at Bangka Island (North Sulawesi, Indonesia) reveal new threats.
    PeerJ 2016 25;4:e2614. Epub 2016 Oct 25.
    Environmental Sustainability Research Centre, University of Derby , Derby , United Kingdom.
    Worldwide coral reef decline appears to be accompanied by an increase in the spread of hard coral diseases. However, whether this is the result of increased direct and indirect human disturbances and/or an increase in natural stresses remains poorly understood. The provision of baseline surveys for monitoring coral health status lays the foundations to assess the effects of any such anthropogenic and/or natural effects on reefs. Read More

    Leukemia Cutis: A Report of 17 Cases and a Review of the Literature.
    Actas Dermosifiliogr 2016 Nov 20;107(9):e65-e69. Epub 2016 May 20.
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España; Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, España.
    Dermatologic manifestations of leukemia can be both specific and nonspecific (e.g., opportunistic infections, purpura and ecchymosis, Sweet syndrome). Read More

    Epidemiological characteristics, practice of ventilation, and clinical outcome in patients at risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care units from 16 countries (PRoVENT): an international, multicentre, prospective study.
    Lancet Respir Med 2016 11 4;4(11):882-893. Epub 2016 Oct 4.
    Department of Intensive Care and Laboratory of Experimental Intensive Care and Anesthesiology (LEICA), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Background: Scant information exists about the epidemiological characteristics and outcome of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) at risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and how ventilation is managed in these individuals. We aimed to establish the epidemiological characteristics of patients at risk of ARDS, describe ventilation management in this population, and assess outcomes compared with people at no risk of ARDS.

    Methods: PRoVENT (PRactice of VENTilation in critically ill patients without ARDS at onset of ventilation) is an international, multicentre, prospective study undertaken at 119 ICUs in 16 countries worldwide. Read More

    Xanthomatized Neutrophilic Dermatosis in a Patient With Myelodysplastic Syndrome.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2017 May;39(5):384-387
    *Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Gahanna, OH; and †Department of Pathology, University of Virgina, Charlottesville, VA.
    We present an original case report of a 58-year-old man with a history of histiocytoid Sweet and myelodysplastic syndrome who presented with a new onset of tender plaques on his oral commissures. A biopsy revealed a dense dermal neutrophilic infiltrate, leukocytoclasis without frank vasculitis, and, most notably, the presence of many xanthomatized cells. Clinical presentation and histologic features were most consistent with an acute neutrophilic dermatosis, which we believe to be a xanthomized variant of Sweet syndrome. Read More

    Elevated 18F-FDG Uptake in Skeletal Muscles Rather Than Cutaneous Foci in a Patient With Sweet's Syndrome.
    Clin Nucl Med 2016 Dec;41(12):938-940
    From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
    A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a history of recurrent fever lasting 2 months. The initial physical examination for the patient showed normal cutaneous signs. An elevated uptake of tracer in skeletal muscles was observed by F-FDG PET/CT imaging. Read More

    A not-so-sweet diagnosis - leukocytoclastic vasculitis masquerading as squamous cell carcinoma.
    Int Wound J 2016 Sep 29. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    The Welsh Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, UK.
    Leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) is a rare small-vessel vasculitis characterised by neutrophilic inflammation of post-capillary venules. Incidence varies from 3 to 4.5 per 100 000 people per year. Read More

    Sweet syndrome: long-term follow-up of 138 patients.
    Clin Exp Dermatol 2016 Oct;41(7):741-6
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital de Bellvitge, IDIBELL, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Background: Several studies support a strong association of Sweet syndrome (SS) with malignancy. However, only a few studies analysing the clinical features of malignancy-associated SS have been published in recent years.

    Aim: To retrospectively study the clinical features of SS that could predict the development of associated malignancies and to analyse the development of malignant neoplasia during long-term follow-up of patients with SS. Read More

    Neuro sweet syndrome: a systematic review. A rare complication of Sweet syndrome.
    Acta Neurol Belg 2017 Mar 22;117(1):33-42. Epub 2016 Sep 22.
    DISSAL-Section of Dermatology-IRCCS Azienda Universitaria Ospedaliera San Martino-IST, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, 16132, Genoa, Italy.
    Sweet's syndrome (SS) is an inflammatory disease characterized by fever, leucocytosis and distinctive skin lesions that histologically consist of a dermal infiltrate of neutrophils with nuclear fragmentation. Aseptic neutrophilic inflammation may occur also in other organs. Central nervous system involvement in SS, Neuro-Sweet's syndrome (NSS), is rare and reported especially among Asian patients. Read More

    Familial deletion of the HOXA gene cluster associated with Hand-Foot-Genital syndrome and phenotypic variability.
    Am J Med Genet A 2017 Jan 20;173(1):221-224. Epub 2016 Sep 20.
    Pediatric Endocrinology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
    Hand-Foot-Genital syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by distal limb anomalies and urogenital malformations. This disorder is associated with loss-of-function mutations in the HOXA13 gene. HOXA13 plays an important role in the development of distal limbs and lower genitourinary tract of the fetus. Read More

    European Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Respiratory Distress Syndrome - 2016 Update.
    Neonatology 2017 21;111(2):107-125. Epub 2016 Sep 21.
    Regional Neonatal Unit, Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, UK.
    Advances in the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) ensure that clinicians must continue to revise current practice. We report the third update of the European Guidelines for the Management of RDS by a European panel of expert neonatologists including input from an expert perinatal obstetrician based on available literature up to the beginning of 2016. Optimizing the outcome for babies with RDS includes consideration of when to use antenatal steroids, and good obstetric practice includes methods of predicting the risk of preterm delivery and also consideration of whether transfer to a perinatal centre is necessary and safe. Read More

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