86 results match your criteria Acute Epiglottitis Imaging


A Lot to Choke on: Case of Adult Epiglottitis with Concurrent Peritonsillar Abscess in a Patient with a Sore Throat.

J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 17;55(6):841-844. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

University of California San Diego, San Diego, California.

Background: In the winter months, one often sees a large increase in the volume of patients presenting to emergency departments with acute pharyngitis. While most cases of acute pharyngitis are benign, a rare minority can be life threatening.

Case Report: We report a case of epiglottis with a concomitant peritonsillar abscess (PTA) in an adult who presented to the emergency department with a sore throat. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679183093
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.09.017DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Accuracy of objective parameters in acute epiglottitis diagnosis: A case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(37):e12256

Department of Emergency Medicine.

Lateral neck radiography is often used as a screening tool in emergency departments for suspected acute epiglottitis. The qualitative radiographic signs have been mainly used. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of objective radiographic parameters to aid diagnosis of acute epiglottitis. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201809140-0003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156041PMC
September 2018
7 Reads
5.723 Impact Factor

Acute epiglottitis with intramural oesophageal dissection.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Mar 7;2018. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Réanimation Médicale, Groupement Hospitalier Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223559DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

Thumb and vallecula signs in acute infectious epiglottitis.

CMAJ 2017 10;189(41):E1289

Mitoyo General Hospital, Himehama, Toyohama-cho, Kanonji-city, Kagawa, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.170194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5647168PMC
October 2017
4 Reads

The thumb sign.

N Z Med J 2017 07 21;130(1459):71-72. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Junior Resident in Radiology, Dept of Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pillaiyarkuppam, Pondicherry 607402, India.

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July 2017
6 Reads

Do we need a change in ED diagnostic strategy for adult acute epiglottitis?

Am J Emerg Med 2017 Oct 20;35(10):1519-1524. Epub 2017 Apr 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 1342 Dongil-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 139-707, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of qualitative and quantitative radiographic parameters for diagnosing adult acute epiglottitis, and identify the prevalence and risk factors of false-negative neck radiography-based diagnosis of acute epiglottitis.

Methods: An emergency physician and a radiologist independently reviewed neck radiographs of 91 patients with laryngoscopy-confirmed acute epiglottitis and 91 control subjects between March 2010 and June 2016 for qualitative and quantitative radiographic parameters of acute epiglottitis, and concluded a diagnosis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed to assess the diagnostic performance of radiographic parameters, while independent risk factors of false-negative diagnosis were determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2017.04.039DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads

Hypertrophic pachymeningitis of the craniocervical junction mimicking acute epiglottitis.

Am J Emerg Med 2016 Dec 14;34(12):2467.e3-2467.e4. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Fujita Health University Hospital, Toyoake, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2016.06.041DOI Listing
December 2016
4 Reads

Thumb sign: acute epiglottitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2016 May 31;2016. Epub 2016 May 31.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Mitoyo General Hospital, Kannonji, Kagawa, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-214742DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4904439PMC
May 2016
5 Reads

Imaging Acute Airway Obstruction in Infants and Children.

Radiographics 2015 Nov-Dec;35(7):2064-79. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

From the Department of Radiology, University of British Columbia, 3350-950 W 10th Ave, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9 (K.E.D., L.K.Y.); Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC (A.T.R.); and Department of Radiology, British Columbia Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada (L.K.Y.).

Acute airway obstruction is much more common in infants and children than in adults because of their unique anatomic and physiologic features. Even in young patients with partial airway occlusion, symptoms can be severe and potentially life-threatening. Factors that predispose children to airway compromise include the orientation of their larynx, the narrow caliber of their trachea, and their weak intercostal muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2015150096DOI Listing
September 2016
10 Reads

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis as a complication of acute epiglottitis managed with minimally aggressive surgical intervention: Case report.

Ear Nose Throat J 2015 Jul;94(7):E5-7

Department of Otolaryngology, 5A ENT Clinic, Royal Hobart Hospital, 48 Liverpool St., Hobart 7000, Tasmania, Australia.

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis secondary to epiglottitis is rare. The standard treatment of this severe condition has long been early and aggressive surgical debridement and adequate antimicrobial therapy. We report the case of an immunocompetent 59-year-old man who developed cervical necrotizing fasciitis as a complication of acute epiglottitis. Read More

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July 2015
7 Reads

Acute epiglottitis in adults: an under-recognized and life-threatening condition.

S D Med 2013 Aug;66(8):309-11, 313

Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, USA.

Epiglottitis is a potentially life-threatening condition resulting from infection of the epiglottis and surrounding structures, causing classical signs and symptoms related to inflammation and progressive airway obstruction. We briefly present two recent adult cases of epiglottitis, followed by a review of the literature concerning the subject. In diagnosing epiglottitis, direct visualization by laryngoscopy is the gold standard. Read More

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August 2013
14 Reads

Epiglottic abscess as a complication of acute epiglottitis.

Am J Otolaryngol 2013 Jul-Aug;34(4):362-5. Epub 2013 Feb 5.

Department Of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Soroka University Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Objective: An epiglottic abscess is considered a life-threatening medical situation that can cause death by obstruction the upper airways. We describe a 58-year-old man who presented to our hospital with sore throat, dysphagia and dysphonia.

Materials And Methods: A fiberoptic laryngoscope (FOL) demonstrated beefy red edematous epiglottis with edema extending from the base of the tongue to the aryepiglottic folds and arytenoids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2013.01.003DOI Listing
November 2013
3 Reads

Case Report: Acute tuberculous laryngitis presenting as acute epiglottitis.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2011 Oct;21(4):284-6

Department of Clinical Radiology, Al Sabah Hospital, Ministry of Health, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

The incidence of laryngeal tuberculosis (TB), which had dropped dramatically after the institution of modern anti-TB chemotherapy, has shown recent reemergence. It is important to be aware of its possibility, especially as it can present with nonspecific upper airway symptoms and a frequent lack of constitutional manifestations. We report such a case presenting as acute epiglottitis, with diffuse involvement of the supraglottic larynx associated with reactivation lung TB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-3026.90690DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249944PMC
October 2011
2 Reads

Use of bedside sonography for diagnosing acute epiglottitis in the emergency department: a preliminary study.

J Ultrasound Med 2012 Jan;31(1):19-22

Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of sonography to identify acute epiglottitis in the emergency department.

Methods: Fifteen patients with a final diagnosis of acute epiglottitis from indirect laryngoscopy by an otolaryngologist were enrolled in the study. To compare the normal epiglottis and acute epiglottitis, 15 healthy volunteers were assigned to a control group. Read More

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January 2012
4 Reads

Emergency imaging assessment of acute, nontraumatic conditions of the head and neck.

Radiographics 2010 Sep;30(5):1335-52

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75246, USA.

Patients often present to the emergency department with a wide variety of nontraumatic infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic conditions of the head and neck. Because the use of cervical and neck computed tomography (CT) has become routine in the emergency setting, knowledge of the imaging findings of common acute conditions of the head and neck is essential to ensure an accurate diagnosis of these potentially life-threatening conditions, which include oral cavity infections, tonsillitis and peritonsillar abscess, sialadenitis, parotiditis, diskitis, thrombophlebitis, periorbital and orbital cellulitis, infectious cervical lymphadenopathy, and various neoplasms. Less common conditions that require rapid diagnosis and treatment include epiglottitis, invasive fungal sinusitis, angioedema, and deep neck abscess. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.305105040DOI Listing
September 2010
3 Reads

Bedside ultrasonography as a safe and effective tool to diagnose acute epiglottitis.

Am J Emerg Med 2011 Mar 1;29(3):359.e1-3. Epub 2010 Aug 1.

Emergency Department, Shin-Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Acute epiglottitis is a true airway emergency in the emergency department (ED). The patient may appear very toxic and rapidly progress to respiratory distress and life-threatening condition. The inflammatory process includes not only epiglottis but also the rest of the supraglottic area including the vallecula, aryepiglottic folds, and arytenoids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2010.05.001DOI Listing
March 2011
2 Reads

Epiglottitis due to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae in a vaccinated child.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2010 Feb 16;74(2):218-20. Epub 2009 Dec 16.

Madigan Army Medical Center, Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Fitzsimmons Dr, Tacoma, WA 98431, United States.

Once a prevalent disease, acute epiglottitis in children has become a rare entity. The introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine has had a dramatic impact on the number of invasive infections caused by this organism. However, physicians must be aware that epiglottitis may result from vaccine failures or from infection with other pathogenic organisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2009.11.019DOI Listing
February 2010
3 Reads

Efficacy of spinal needle aspiration for epiglottic abscess in 90 patients with acute epiglottitis.

Acta Otolaryngol 2009 Jul;129(7):760-7

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Masan Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Masan.

Conclusion: Patients with epiglottic abscesses showed more severe symptoms than those with acute epiglottitis and were at increased risk of airway compromise. All 11 patients with epiglottic abscesses underwent spinal needle aspiration; all were cured without severe complications. These findings indicate that spinal needle aspiration is both safe and effective in patients with epiglottic abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016480802369302DOI Listing
July 2009
7 Reads

Adult vallecular cyst: thirteen-year experience.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2008 Mar;138(3):321-7

ENT Histopathologic Research Laboratory, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel.

Objective: To assess the characteristics of adult vallecular cyst.

Study Design And Settings: A retrospective chart review from a university affiliated hospital.

Subjects And Methods: Clinical manifestations and airway management of 38 consecutive adult patients with vallecular cyst admitted between 1992 and 2004 were studied. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1016/j.otohns.2007.12.008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otohns.2007.12.008DOI Listing
March 2008
4 Reads

An infant with fever and stridor.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2008 Jan;24(1):46-9

Division of Critical Care Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.

The clinical spectrum of infectious causes of upper airway obstruction has changed dramatically in the last few decades, especially after the introduction of vaccines against diphtheria and Haemophilus influenzae. Nevertheless, infectious causes of upper airway obstruction remain an important source of morbidity and potential mortality in the pediatric age group. Physicians caring for children need to be cognizant of the clinical presentation of this group of disorders because prompt recognition and early appropriate treatment are lifesaving. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/pec.0b013e31815f6f7fDOI Listing
January 2008
4 Reads

[Pseudomembranous supraglottitis with airway compromise in a patient with recurrent tonsillar carcinoma].

Can J Anaesth 2008 Jan;55(1):42-6

Clement J. Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Anesthesia Service, 5000 W. National Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53295, USA.

Purpose: In this report, we discuss a patient with acute pseudomembranous supraglottitis complicating recurrent tonsillar carcinoma and describe the ramifications of these disorders on perioperative management.

Clinical Features: The patient was an acutely ill man with a history of right tonsillar carcinoma originally treated with chemoradiation therapy and a radical neck dissection who presented with a brief history of fever, dyspnea, and stridor. The soft tissue of his neck was very stiff, his neck mobility was limited, and his mouth opening was restricted by pain and radiation-induced fibrosis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF03017596
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03017596DOI Listing
January 2008
5 Reads

[Evaluation of patients with adult acute epiglottitis].

Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg 2007 ;17(3):152-7

Department of Otolaryngology, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: We evaluated adult patients who were treated for acute epiglottitis.

Patients And Methods: The study included five adult patients who were diagnosed as having acute epiglottitis during an eight-month period. All the patients were males with an age range of 38 to 54 years, except for a 77-year-old patient. Read More

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October 2007
3 Reads

Concomitant Candida epiglottitis and disseminated Varicella zoster virus infection associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2006 Nov;28(11):757-9

Immunocompromised Host Section, Pediatric Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Acute epiglottitis by nonbacterial pathogens is an uncommon but life-threatening clinical entity. Herein, we report the concomitant occurrence of Candida epiglottitis and mucosal and visceral Varicella zoster virus infection in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Both infections were atypical in their presentation, occurred in a severely immunocompromised host, and required invasive procedures for diagnosis. Read More

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https://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043426-200611000-000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.mph.0000243654.18314.c1DOI Listing
November 2006
5 Reads

"My airway is closing".

J Fam Pract 2005 May;54(5):423-5

Department of Radiology, David Grant US Air Force Medical Center, Travis Air Force Base, CA, USA.

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May 2005
2 Reads

Pulmonary hypertension and acute pulmonary edema in a 23-year-old male with a history of an upper respiratory tract infection.

Tuberk Toraks 2005 ;53(1):66-9

Department of Chest Diseases, Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

The pathophysiology of upper-airway obstruction (UAO) is complex. Possible causes of UAO that may lead to acute respiratory failure, are as follows: infections like acute epiglottitis and croup, obstructing tumors in the base of the tongue, larynx or hypopharynx, aspirated food or liquid contents, obesity and anatomical variations. Management changes according to the pathogenesis of the disorder. Read More

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June 2005
12 Reads

Sonographic assessment of the epiglottis.

Acad Emerg Med 2004 Dec;11(12):1358-60

Department of Emergency Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH 44109, USA.

Objectives: The ideal diagnostic test for the diagnosis of epiglottitis would be simple, rapid, noninvasive, and highly accurate, performed at the bedside, and would not use ionizing radiation. The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of ultrasound to image the epiglottis and to determine the range of normal epiglottis diameter for men and women.

Methods: This was a prospective study of a convenience sample of 100 subjects between the ages of 18 and 50 years who had no known acute or chronic laryngeal diseases or surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1197/j.aem.2004.05.033DOI Listing
December 2004
1 Read

Acute epiglottitis: MRI.

Neuroradiology 2004 Feb 16;46(2):153-5. Epub 2004 Jan 16.

Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Bicêtre, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94120 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

We report the MRI findings in an adult with epiglottitis. There was thickening of the epiglottis and left aryepiglottic fold. Management of this life-threatening condition requires imaging only when the diagnosis is uncertain or when an abscess or other complication is suspected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-003-1094-xDOI Listing
February 2004
7 Reads

Acute epiglottitis in children: a review following an atypical case.

Acta Anaesthesiol Belg 2003 ;54(3):237-41

Department of Anesthesiology, Gent University Hospital, 185 De Pintelaan, 9000 Gent, Belgium.

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February 2004
5 Reads

Acute epiglottitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b: a case report.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2003 Mar;36(1):69-71

Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Acute epiglottitis is an inflammatory, edematous disease of the epiglottis and adjacent structures, usually caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b. It is a life-threatening condition, occurring mainly in childhood. There have never been any reports of this condition in Taiwan. Read More

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March 2003
12 Reads

Respiratory emergencies in children.

Respir Care 2003 Mar;48(3):248-58; discussion 258-60

Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14222, USA.

Acute obstructive respiratory emergencies in children are a common cause of emergency department visits. The severity of these conditions ranges from mild, self-limited disease to life-threatening forms of rapidly progressive airway obstruction. A high index of suspicion is necessary for prompt diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://www.rcjournal.com/contents/03.03/03.03.0248.pdf
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March 2003
6 Reads

Life threatening acute epiglottitis in acute leukemia.

Leuk Lymphoma 2002 Mar;43(3):665-7

Department of Paediatrics, Tuen Mun Hospital, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.

We report an 8-year-old boy who developed a life-threatening acute epiglottitis during induction chemotherapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia. He survived the infection with emergency tracheostomy, treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics and amphotericin, and the use of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor. No organism was identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428190290012254DOI Listing
March 2002
22 Reads

[Rare acute disease pictures of the upper respiratory tract in children].

Authors:
A E Oestreich

Radiologe 2002 Mar;42(3):217-21

Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet AV, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.

The radiologist should recognize dangerous uncommon conditions such as epiglottitis and membranous croup by their pattern on conventional images. Subglottic narrowing, as from croup, is recognizable on lateral images by loss of the superior interface of trachea and vocal cords. A lateral image is important when an upper esophageal foreign body is seen on a frontal view. Read More

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March 2002
3 Reads

Acute epiglottitis in the tropics: is it an adult disease?

J Laryngol Otol 2001 Sep;115(9):715-8

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, National University Hospital, Singapore.

Acute epiglottitis has traditionally been described as a paediatric disease in reports from temperate countries. There have been very few reports from tropical countries. This is a retrospective review of 32 cases of acute epiglottitis from Singapore over an eight-year period from 1992 to 1999. Read More

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September 2001
3 Reads

Radiologic laryngeal parameters in acute supraglottitis in Korean adults.

Yonsei Med J 2001 Aug;42(4):367-70

Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.

Soft-tissue lateral neck radiography is important for diagnosing acute supraglottitis. This study aimed to determine the objective criteria for a diagnosis of acute supraglottitis from soft-tissue lateral neck radiographs in Korean adults. The parameters in 30 adult patients with acute supraglottitis were compared with those of age- and sex-matched normal 30 Korean adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2001.42.4.367DOI Listing
August 2001
2 Reads

Photo quiz. Sore throat and difficulty breathing.

Authors:
D L Dinelli

Am Fam Physician 2001 Jun;63(11):2255-6

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June 2001
1 Read

[Acute epiglottitis in the adult. Retrospective study of 14 cases].

An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am 2000 ;27(2):177-84

Servicio de O.R.L., Hospital Miguel Servet de Zaragoza.

Acute epiglottitis instead of been a well recognised disease in children, is a rare condition in adult patients. Failure to diagnose epiglottitis early, in adults, undoubtedly contributes to its continuing mortality. We report our experience with acute epiglottitis in grown-up people with a retrospective series of 14 patients seen in our Department from 1993 to 1997. Read More

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July 2000
3 Reads

Radiological findings in acute adult epiglottitis.

Eur Radiol 1999 ;9(8):1629-31

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Radiologic Tumor Research at the Department of Radiology, University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.

Acute epiglottitis is a rare but life-threatening disease that commonly occurs in children, and also rarely in adults. The symptoms may be mild and non-specific before a rapid onset of airway obstruction occurs. Early diagnosis is essential, as delayed treatment is associated with a high rate of complications including death. Read More

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November 1999
3 Reads

Adult epiglottitis: the Toronto Hospital experience.

J Otolaryngol 1998 Dec;27(6):332-6

Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Program, Toronto Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario.

Objective: This study was conducted to gain insight into the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome measures in adult patients presenting with acute epiglottitis.

Method: A retrospective clinical study was conducted on fifty-seven consecutive adult patients presenting with acute epiglottitis over a 13-year period to The Toronto Hospital, University of Toronto. Demographic description of patient population, presenting symptoms and signs, investigations performed, treatment provided, and incidence of complications were described. Read More

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December 1998
4 Reads

Description and evaluation of the vallecula sign: a new radiologic sign in the diagnosis of adult epiglottitis.

Ann Emerg Med 1997 Jul;30(1):1-6

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Study Objective: To describe and prospectively evaluate a new radiologic sign with the potential to increase the diagnostic accuracy of soft-tissue radiography of the neck in the identification of adult epiglottitis.

Methods: We conducted a prospective, before-and-after blinded study at two tertiary care institutions. A convenience sample of four staff emergency physicians, three otolaryngology residents, four radiology residents, and four senior medical students volunteered to participate. Read More

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July 1997
4 Reads

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis as a complication of acute epiglottitis.

Authors:
R Nguyen J Leclerc

J Otolaryngol 1997 Apr;26(2):129-31

Département d'ORL, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Quebec.

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April 1997
2 Reads

Radiology quiz #9. Acute epiglottitis.

Authors:
R A Francis

Mo Med 1996 Nov;93(11):685-6

Radiology Department, Lake of the Ozarks General Hospital, USA.

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November 1996
2 Reads

A reappraisal of the radiologic findings of acute inflammation of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures in adults.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1995 Mar;16(3):495-502

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento 95817, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the radiologic characteristic of acute inflammation of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures in adults.

Methods: The clinical and radiographic findings in 27 adult patients with epiglottitis (average age, 43 years; range, 28 to 81 years) were compared with those of a control group of asymptomatic subjects (n = 15; average age, 48 years; range, 24 to 79 years). Unusual clinical aspects in the current series included two patients who were positive for human immunodeficiency virus, 1 with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and Kaposi sarcoma, 3 with emphysematous epiglottitis, 1 with abscess formation, and 1 with laryngeal carcinoma. Read More

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March 1995
3 Reads

Acute epiglottitis in the adult caused by Neisseria meningitidis.

Scand J Infect Dis 1995 ;27(1):77-8

Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA.

Acute epiglottitis is being increasingly encountered in the adult population. While it has many similarities to its pediatric counterpart, the presentation and associated pathogens are distinct. In addition, although the recent literature has suggested that acute epiglottitis in the adult follows a benign course this is not always the case. Read More

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July 1995
2 Reads

The lateral radiograph of neck in laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis (croup).

J Qual Clin Pract 1994 Mar;14(1):39-43

Paediatric Department, Westmead Hospital, NSW, Australia.

The films of 61 children who had a lateral radiograph of neck performed in the management of acute laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis were reviewed by a paediatric radiologist. He was unaware of the clinical history and the outcome of the children's illnesses. The clinical records of the same children were reviewed independently and information sought about the clinical relevance of the film results. Read More

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March 1994
3 Reads

Acute epiglottitis in adults. Presentation of cases.

Authors:
N R Chahine

J Med Liban 1992 ;40(3):166-8

Chahine's Medical Center, Antelias, Lebanon.

Acute epiglottitis is a dangerous disease which is not often seen in adults. Early diagnosis and medical attention is required. Relief of airway obstruction by intubation or tracheostomy is necessary in most cases. Read More

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November 1993
3 Reads

[Treatment of acute epiglottitis].

An Esp Pediatr 1991 Dec;35(6):389-91

Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos, Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid.

We analyze 13 children between 1 and 3 years old (mean: 24.6 +/- 6.5 months), who were diagnosed (by direct or radiological examination) of epiglottitis. Read More

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December 1991
2 Reads

Bilateral thoracic empyema complicating adult epiglottitis.

J Laryngol Otol 1991 Oct;105(10):858-9

Department of Chest Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Sunderland.

Haemophilus influenzae is a common cause of epiglottitis and meningitis in children and exacerbation of chronic bronchitis in adults. However, the ability of this organism to cause serious infections in adults is less well recognized. We report a case of a 34-year-old previously healthy female who presented with epiglottitis and later developed bilateral empyema; both blood and pleural fluid grew Haemophilus influenzae. Read More

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October 1991
3 Reads

Acute uvulitis in combination with acute epiglottitis: a case presentation.

Ear Nose Throat J 1991 Jul;70(7):458-60

Pontiac Osteopathic Hospital, MI.

Acute uvulitis in adults is a rare condition, especially when associated with acute epiglottitis. Watchful monitoring of the airway, usually in the intensive care unit, is recommended. Along with appropriate antibiotics and steroids, we recommend all patients with acute uvulitis have a lateral radiograph of the neck to rule out acute epiglottitis. Read More

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July 1991
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Epiglottic enlargement: two unusual causes.

Pediatr Radiol 1991 ;21(2):139-40

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

We present two patients with airway obstruction due to supraglottic swelling; one was caused by a brown spider bite on an ear (loxoscelism) and the other from eating buffalo fish. In the latter patient it was likely due to scrombroid poisoning, a histamine-like reaction, but may have been an anaphylaxic reaction. Read More

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June 1991
5 Reads

[Epiglottitis in adults].

Harefuah 1990 Sep;119(5-6):128-31

Dept. of Otolaryngology, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon.

Acute epiglottitis in the child is an emergency, well known to pediatricians, that requires rapid diagnosis and treatment. Aggressive treatment in recent years has markedly decreased mortality (17). Acute epiglottitis in adults has been thought to be rare, but lately numerous studies have shown an increase in the disease. Read More

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September 1990
5 Reads