46,074 results match your criteria Acute Coronary Syndromes


Sex differences in time trends in acute coronary syndrome management and in 12-month lethality: Data from the French MONICA registries.

Int J Cardiol 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1167 - RID-AGE - Facteurs de risque et déterminants moléculaires des maladies liées au vieillissement, Lille, France.. Electronic address:

Background: Sex differences in clinical presentation, patient care and fatal outcomes after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have been reported. However, recent improvements in the care and treatment of ACSs have not been assessed with regard to possible sex differences.

Aim: To assess sex differences in trends between 2006 and 2016 in the characteristics of ACSs, their management, and the associated mortality. Read More

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Long-term outcomes of transatrial-transpulmonary repair of tetralogy of Fallot with anomalous coronary arteries.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2022 May 8. Epub 2022 May 8.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Heart Research Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; The Melbourne Centre for Cardiovascular Genomics and Regenerative Medicine, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) can be complicated by the presence of an anomalous coronary artery (ACA) crossing the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). This study sought to evaluate the late outcomes of a policy of transatrial-transpulmonary repair for this condition.

Methods: The transatrial-transpulmonary approach was used in 864 consecutive TOF repairs between 1993 and 2018 at a single institution, of which 55 (6%) patients had an ACA. Read More

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Contemporary trends of the incidence of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) - ethnic and household income disparities.

Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

The Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Ochsner LSU Health Shreveport.

Objectives: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) may contribute to 35% of acute coronary syndrome among women ≤50 years of age. We aimed to investigate the overall incidence, as well as the trends of SCAD incidence based on race, household income, and the U.S. Read More

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Prognostic Impact of Multiple Lymphocyte-Based Inflammatory Indices in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 3;9:811790. Epub 2022 May 3.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Precision Medicine of Coronary Atherosclerotic Disease, Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Clinical Center for Coronary Heart Disease, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic values of five lymphocyte-based inflammatory indices (platelet-lymphocyte ratio [PLR], neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], monocyte-lymphocyte ratio [MLR], systemic immune inflammation index [SII], and system inflammation response index [SIRI]) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods: A total of 1,701 ACS patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included in this study and followed up for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including all-cause death, non-fatal ischemic stroke, and non-fatal myocardial infarction. The five indices were stratified by the optimal cutoff value for comparison. Read More

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Statin doses after acute coronary syndrome.

Authors:

Aust Prescr 2022 Apr 1;45(2):42. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

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Troponins in myocardial infarction and injury.

Aust Prescr 2022 Apr 1;45(2):53-57. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Australian University Medical School, Canberra.

Troponins are proteins that are integral components of the contractile mechanism of muscle, including cardiac muscle. Cardiac troponins Iand T can be detected in the blood of most people after puberty, at concentrations reflecting cardiac mass, sex and age. Current laboratory assays are approximately 1000 times more sensitive than those used previously. Read More

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[Cerebral Infarction with Diffuse and Severe Atherosclerosis of The Main Cerebral Artery and Recurrent Infarction Despite Multiple Antiplatelet Agents: Management for Acute Stroke Patients].

Brain Nerve 2022 May;74(5):629-636

Department of Neurology, Nippon Medical School.

The recent approval of prasugrel will expand the choice of medical treatment. Prasugrel, as a platelet inhibitor, was approved for the management of cardiovascular events (including stent thrombosis) in patients with acute coronary syndrome in 2009. In 2021, it was also approved for use in patients with ischemic stroke. Read More

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C-Reactive Protein/Albumin Ratio as a Novel Predictor of Contrast Induced Nephropathy in Patients With Stable Angina Pectoris.

Angiology 2022 May 19:33197221103635. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Cardiology, 111374Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

The relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) to albumin ratio (CAR) and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with acute coronary syndrome has been reported. However, the relevance of CAR in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) has not been clarified. We hypothesized that CAR might predict the development of CIN in patients with SAP undergoing coronary angiography (CAG). Read More

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[Multimorbidity in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome: insights from BleeMACS registry].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2022 May;50(5):443-449

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

To assess the prevalence, pattern and outcome of multimorbidity in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Secondary analysis was performed based on the data from the BleeMACS registry, which was conducted between 2003 and 2014. We stratified elderly patients (≥65 years) according to their multimorbidity. Read More

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Comparison of P2Y12 Inhibitors in Acute Coronary Syndromes in the Australian Population.

Heart Lung Circ 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Department of Cardiology, Concord Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Clopidogrel in combination with aspirin after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) reduces recurrent ischaemic events compared to aspirin alone. Further reductions in events have been demonstrated when clopidogrel is replaced by ticagrelor or prasugrel albeit with increases in bleeding. There are few studies documenting the patterns of use of P2Y12 inhibitors or their association with outcomes in the Australian population. Read More

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Incidence and predictors of cardiac arrhythmias in patients with COVID-19 induced ARDS.

J Cardiol 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Cardiology II - Electrophysiology, University Hospital Muenster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, Muenster, Germany.

Introduction: Recent studies suggest cardiac involvement with an increased incidence of arrhythmias in the setting of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of potentially lethal arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation in patients with COVID-19-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and to elicit possible predictors of arrhythmia occurrence.

Methods And Results: A total of 107 patients (82 male, mean age 60 ± 12 years, median body mass index 28 kg/m) treated for COVID-19-induced ARDS in a large tertiary university hospital intensive care unit between March 2020 and February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Reduced Heart Failure and Mortality in Patients Receiving Statin Therapy Before Initial Acute Coronary Syndrome.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2022 May;79(20):2021-2033

Department of Experimental, Diagnostic, and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: There is uncertainty regarding the impact of statins on the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and its major complication, acute heart failure (AHF).

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether previous statin therapy translates into lower AHF events and improved survival from AHF among patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) as a first manifestation of ASCVD.

Methods: Data were drawn from the International Survey of Acute Coronary Syndromes Archives. Read More

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Dose-dependent impact of statin therapy intensity on circulating progenitor cells in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for the treatment of acute versus chronic coronary syndrome.

PLoS One 2022 19;17(5):e0267433. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Aachen, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Background: By low-density lipoprotein (LDL) reduction, statins play an important role in cardiovascular risk modification. Incompletely understood pleiotropic statin effects include vasoprotection that might originate from mobilisation and differentiation of vascular progenitor cells. Data on the potentially differential impact of statin treatment intensity on circulating progenitor cells in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce. Read More

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Implantable loop recorder as a strategy following cardiovascular implantable electronic device extraction without reimplantation.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Institute, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Background: Limited data exists for outcomes in patients undergoing cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) transvenous lead extraction (TLE) without clear indications for device reimplantation. The implantable loop recorder (ILR) may be an effective strategy for continuous monitoring in select individuals.

Objective: This retrospective analysis aims to investigate patients who have undergone ILR implant following TLE without CIED reimplantation. Read More

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Stress-Delta B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Does Not Exclude ACS in the ED.

J Appl Lab Med 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: There are many detectable changes in circulating biomarkers in the setting of myocardial ischemia. We hypothesize that there are associated changes in circulating B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level after stress-induced myocardial ischemia, which can be used for emergency department (ED) acute coronary syndrome (ACS) risk stratification.

Methods: In a prospective study, we enrolled 340 patients over the age of 30 receiving an exercise echocardiography stress test in an ED observational unit for suspected ACS. Read More

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Case Report: Acute Heart Failure Induced by the Combination of Takayasu's, Takotsubo and Coronary Vasospasm in an Elementary School Teacher-A Reaction to Return-to-Work Stress After COVID-19?

Front Psychiatry 2022 2;13:882870. Epub 2022 May 2.

Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCs, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a systemic inflammatory disease that affects aorta and its major branches. There are several cardiac manifestations of TA and an association with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) - but not coronary vasospasm - has been previously reported. The role of emotional stress in this context is unknown. Read More

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MRI findings of epipericardial fat necrosis: As a rare cause of acute chest pain in a healthy man.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Jul 9;17(7):2488-2491. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of medicine and radiology, McGill University Health Centre, 1001 boul. Decarie, Montreal QC H4A3J1, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Epipericardial fat necrosis (EPFN) is a rare, benign cause of acute chest pain imitating symptoms of life-threatening diseases, such as acute coronary syndrome. Here We report a 37-year-old, healthy male presented to the emergency department (ED) with sudden-onset pleuritic chest pain after an isometric physical training. Initial cardiac workup included ECG, echocardiography was unremarkable, but diagnosis of an inflammatory process that involved the epipericardial fat tissue surrounding the heart was made by showing encapsulated fatty lesion, enhanced adjacent parietal pericardium using of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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Exploring the Genetic Architecture of Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Using Whole-Genome Sequencing.

Circ Genom Precis Med 2022 May 18:101161CIRCGEN121003527. Epub 2022 May 18.

Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia (I.T., S.H., S.E.I., E.R., S.M., M.T., K.M., C.M.Y.W., P.-C.H., K.J., D.T.H., M.B., L.M.-C., J.C.K., S.L.D., D.F., D.W.M.M., R.M.G., E.G.).

Background: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a cause of acute coronary syndrome that predominantly affects women. Its pathophysiology remains unclear but connective tissue disorders (CTD) and other vasculopathies have been observed in many SCAD patients. A genetic component for SCAD is increasingly appreciated, although few genes have been robustly implicated. Read More

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The Feasibility of a Newly Developed Local Network System for Cardiac Rehabilitation (the CR-GNet) in Disease Management and Physical Fitness after Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Phys Ther Res 2022 22;25(1):18-25. Epub 2022 Feb 22.

Division of Clinical Laboratory and Department of Cardiology, Gifu University Hospital, Japan.

Objective: To examine the Cardiac Rehabilitation Gifu Network (CR-GNet) feasibility in managing diseases and assisting patients in attaining physical fitness, and its impact on long-term outcomes after acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods: In this prospective observational study, we enrolled 47 patients with ACS registered in the CR-GNet between February 2016 and September 2019. 37, 29, and 21 patients underwent follow-up assessments for exercise capacity (peak oxygen uptake) at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after discharge, respectively. Read More

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February 2022

Buprenorphine withdrawal induced takotsubo cardiomyopathy: A series of unfortunate events.

J Cardiol Cases 2022 May 4;25(5):316-318. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

1st Department of Cardiology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, "Hippocratio" General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

This case report describes a 64-year-old female with history of previous intravenous drug abuse on opioid substitution treatment with buprenorphine, who presented to the emergency department with angina and electrocardiographic findings suggestive of acute coronary syndrome. Echocardiography and left ventriculography were indicative of takotsubo cardiomyopathy, probably attributed to abrupt discontinuation of buprenorphine. Opioid withdrawal leads to sympathetic hyperactivity and increased catecholamine release, which in our case triggered takotsubo cardiomyopathy presentation. Read More

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Percutaneous coronary intervention to refractory left main coronary artery spasm.

Authors:
Bao-Tzung Wu

J Cardiol Cases 2022 May 8;25(5):300-303. Epub 2021 Dec 8.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tungs' Taichung MetroHarbor Hospital, Taichung City, Taiwan (R.O.C).

Coronary artery spasm constitutes a significant portion of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Calcium channel blocker and nitrate are the mainstream therapies, but some patients are medically refractory to these medical therapies. In addition, the best treatment strategies for these patients remain uncertain, and medically refractory left main coronary artery spasm is a clinical dilemma. Read More

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Hypereosinophilic syndrome presenting as acute ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and arterial involvement: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(11):3547-3552

Department of Central Laboratory, Liaocheng People's Hospital, Liaocheng 252000, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Simultaneous cerebral and myocardial infarction with arterial involvement has not been reported in hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). Here, we report a patient with HES that was also associated with acute ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and arterial involvement of the left common carotid artery, vertebral arteries, posterior cerebral artery, and coronary artery.

Case Summary: A 64-year-old male patient was admitted with headache and right lower extremity weakness. Read More

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Reliability of estimating left ventricular ejection fraction in clinical routine: a validation study of the SWEDEHEART registry.

Clin Res Cardiol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology, Uppsala Clinical Research Center, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Objective: Patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Sweden routinely undergo an echocardiographic examination with assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). LVEF is a measurement widely used for outcome prediction and treatment guidance. The obtained LVEF is categorized as normal (> 50%) or mildly, moderately, or severely impaired (40-49, 30-39, and < 30%, respectively) and reported to the nationwide registry for ACS (SWEDEHEART). Read More

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Early Initiation of Evolocumab Treatment in Chinese Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Clin Ther 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Cardiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Evolocumab has been shown to improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients with stable atherosclerotic disease. Whether this benefit persists in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains undetermined. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the early initiation of evolocumab in Chinese patients with ACS undergoing PCI. Read More

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Duration of Antiplatelet Therapy After Complex Percutaneous Coronary Intervention In Patients at High Bleeding Risk: a MASTER DAPT trial sub-analysis.

Eur Heart J 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Cardiology and Critical Care Medicine, Hartcentrum Hasselt, Jessa Ziekenhuis Hasselt, faculty of medicine and life sciences University of Hasselt, Hasselt, Belgium.

Aims: To assess the effects of 1- or ≥3-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in high bleeding risk (HBR) patients who received biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stents for complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and/or acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods And Results: In the MASTER DAPT trial, 3383 patients underwent noncomplex (abbreviated DAPT, n = 1707; standard DAPT, n = 1676) and 1196 complex (abbreviated DAPT, n = 588; standard DAPT, n = 608) PCI. Co-primary outcomes at 335 days were net adverse clinical events (NACE; composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC] 3 or 5 bleeding events); major adverse cardiac or cerebral events (MACCE; all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke); and type 2, 3, or 5 BARC bleeding. Read More

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Association between troponin and outcome in patients with chest pain and rapid atrial fibrillation: a retrospective study of a single-center 10-year cohort.

Eur J Emerg Med 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Emergency Department, Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona.

Background: and objective The prognosis of myocardial infarction in patients with rapid atrial fibrillation (RAF) is poorly known. We sought to ascertain if troponin concentrations are associated with a higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with RAF and chest discomfort suggestive of coronary origin.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all consecutive patients attending an emergency department of a single-center (2008-2017) with chest pain suggestive of coronary origin who had RAF and at least one troponin determination. Read More

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[ANMCO Position paper: Antithrombotic treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing intracoronary stenting and/or acute coronary syndromes].

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2022 May;23(5):379-395

U.O.C. Cardiologia Clinica e Riabilitativa, Presidio Ospedaliero San Filippo Neri - ASL Roma 1, Roma.

Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with or without acute coronary syndromes (ACS) represent a subgroup with a challenging pharmacological management. Indeed, if on the one hand antithrombotic therapy should reduce the risk related to recurrent ischemic events and/or stent thrombosis, on the other hand care should be taken to avoid major bleeding events. In recent years, several trials, which overall included more than 12 000 patients, have been conducted demonstrating the safety of different therapeutic combinations of oral antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents. Read More

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[Endocarditis complicated by anterior myocardial infarction: a case report. What the guidelines do not say].

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2022 May;23(5):336-339

Dipartimento di Cardiologia, Azienda Ospedaliera dei Colli - Ospedale "Monaldi", Napoli.

Acute myocardial infarction is an uncommon complication of infective endocarditis, burdened by high mortality and often underdiagnosed. Due to its reduced frequency, current guidelines do not always highlight this condition or provide clear indications regarding treatment. We present a case of acute coronary syndrome induced by the occlusion of the anterior descending artery, due to a septic embolus and treated by aspiration of the embolic material. Read More

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