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    5487 results match your criteria Actas Urologicas Espanolas[Journal]

    1 OF 110

    Infections by carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae in a department of urology. A new challenge.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Nov 17. Epub 2017 Nov 17.
    Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España.
    Objectives: To analyse infections by carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and describe the characteristics and potential risk factors associated with patients of a department of urology.

    Material And Methods: Observational and retrospective study. The inclusion criterion was hospitalisation in our department of Urology between August 2013 and December 2016. Read More

    Long-term follow-up of the AdVance(®)/AdVanceXP(®) sling. What are the surgeons' impressions? What are the patients'?
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario Morales Meseguer, Murcia, España.
    Objectives: To analyse the safety, efficacy and quality of life of patients with male stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy treated with the AdVance(®) and AdvanceXP(®) slings.

    Patients And Method: The study included 92 patients with stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy treated with the AdVance(®) and AdVanceXP(®) sling between May 2008 and December 2015. A perineal repositioning test was performed in all cases with sphincter coaptation of≥1. Read More

    Apoptotic effect as biomarker of disease, severity and follow-up in interstitial cystitis.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Departamento de Urología, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, España.
    Objective: To determine whether the apoptotic effect test could serve as a biomarker of severity in bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis.

    Material And Methods: A prospective study was conducted between January 2010 and January 2015, which included 57 patients diagnosed with interstitial cystitis and 49 diagnosed with chronic pelvic pain of gynaecological origin. The urine was exposed to cell cultures, and the urine's capacity for inducing apoptosis in the cultures was analysed. Read More

    Treatment options and predictive factors for recurrence and cancer-specific mortality in bladder cancer after renal transplantation: A multi-institutional analysis.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Nov 7. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Servicio de Urología, Fundació Puigvert, Barcelona, España.
    Objectives: Bladder cancer (BC) in the transplanted population can represent a challenge owing to the immunosuppressed state of patients and the higher rate of comorbidities. The objective was to analyze the treatment of BC after renal transplant (RT), focusing on the mode of presentation, diagnosis, treatment options and predictive factors for recurrence.

    Material And Methods: We conducted an observational prospective study with a retrospective analysis of 88 patients with BC after RT at 10 European centers. Read More

    Office stent placement under local anesthesia is a safe and efficient procedure for the management of multiple ureteral disorders.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Oct 26. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Departamento de Urología, Hospital Clinic, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.
    Objective: To assess the outcomes of ureteral stent placement under local anesthesia for the management of multiple ureteral disorders.

    Methods: Retrospective study of 45 consecutive ureteral stents placed under local anesthesia from January 2015 to July 2016. Inclusion criteria were hemodynamically stable patients with urinary obstruction, urinary fistula or for prophylactic ureteral localization during surgery. Read More

    Impact of overactive bladder symptoms on work activity: The ACTIVHA study.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Nov 2. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Real World Insights, QuintilesIMS, Barcelona, España.
    Objectives: To analyse the impact of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms on the work activity of patients in Spain.

    Method: An observational, multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted with 149 urologists and 131 gynaecologists of Spain and included patients diagnosed with OAB, according to clinical judgment, who were of working age (18-65 years). We collected sociodemographic, clinical and work activity data. Read More

    The digital environment in men's sexual disorders: A systematic review.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Departmento de Urología, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.
    Context: The revolution of digital technologies constitutes a new setting for the patient-physician relationship and provides patients with a scenario of privacy and universal access to a vast amount of information. However, there is little information on how digital resources are used and what their advantages and disadvantages are.

    Objectives: To explore the scope of the scientific research on the use of digital technology related to men's sexual disorders and to analyze the primary sources of digital information related to this field. Read More

    Cognitive function in patients on androgen suppression: A prospective, multicentric study.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Oct 25. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Hospital Universitario Sant Joan d'Alacant, Alicante, España.
    Objective: To assess the effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on cognitive performance (CP) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) after 6 months of treatment with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues.

    Material And Methods: Prospective, observational, multicentre, open-label study of patients diagnosed with nonmetastatic or asymptomatic metastatic PCa scheduled to receive LHRH analogues for≥6 months. We assessed four CP domains at baseline and after 6 months of ADT: 1) Working memory: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale III (WAIS III) Digit Span Subtest (WAIS III-Digit); 2) Visual memory: ad hoc visual memory test; 3) Visuospatial ability: Judgement of Line Orientation (JLO) and Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects (3D-Rotation); and 4) Nonverbal analytical reasoning: WAIS III Matrix Reasoning Test (WAIS III-MRT). Read More

    Management of iatrogenic cystoscopic urethral lesion associated with sequela of cuff erosion in a patient after previous AMS 800 implantation. One-step technique with revision, without cuff explantation.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Department of Urology, Teaching Hospital, Landesklinikum Korneuburg, Korneuburg, Austria.
    Introduction: Iatrogenic urethral lesion with subsequent cuff erosion during cystoscopy is a rare complication. The alternative surgical strategy with in situ urethroplasty while maintaining the open cuff left in situ will be presented.

    Materials And Methods: The authors report 3cases of iatrogenic urethral lesion with cuff erosion during cystoscopic evaluation to exclude stricture or cuff erosion due to new onset of obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms. Read More

    Testing Smart Glasses in urology: Clinical and surgical potential applications.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Oct 13. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Departamento de Urología, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.
    Objectives: We aimed to explore the potential benefits of using smart glasses - wearable computer optical devices with touch-less command features - in the surgery room and in outpatient care settings in urology.

    Materials And Methods: Between April and November 2015, 80 urologists were invited to use Google Glass in their daily surgical and clinical practice, and to share them with other urologists. Participants rated the usefulness of smart glasses on a 10-point scale, and provided insights on their potential benefits in a telephone interview. Read More

    Role of imaging techniques in the diagnosis and follow-up of muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Oct 10. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Servicio de Radiología, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, España.
    Introduction: Muscle-invasive bladder malignancies represent 20-30% of all bladder cancers. These patients require imaging tests to determine the regional and distant staging.

    Objective: To describe the role of various imaging tests in the diagnosis, staging and follow-up of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Read More

    Laparoscopic adenomectomy: 10 years of experience.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Oct 7. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Servicio de Urología, Fundación Puigvert, Barcelona, España.
    Introduction: Lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to increased prostate volume are associated with ageing and are becoming more prevalent due to increased life expectancy. We present our experience with transperitoneal laparoscopic adenomectomy for the management of bladder outlet obstruction caused by benign prostatic enlargement.

    Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent laparoscopic adenomectomy between 2005 and 2015. Read More

    3+4 = 6? Implications of the stratification of localised Gleason 7 prostate cancer by number and percentage of positive biopsy cores in selecting patients for active surveillance.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Sep 14. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe, Valencia, España.
    Objective: To determine whether the number and percentage of positive biopsy cores identify a Gleason 3+4 prostate cancer (PC) subgroup of similar biologic behaviour to Gleason 3+3.

    Material And Method: An observational post-radical prostatectomy study was conducted of a cohort of 799 patients with localised low-risk (n=582, Gleason 6, PSA <10ng/ml and cT1c-2a) and favourable intermediate PC (n=217, Gleason 3+4, PSA ≤10 ng/ml and pT2abc). The Gleason 3+4 tumours were stratified by number (≤3 vs. Read More

    Pelvic exenteration for gynecologic malignancies: Postoperative complications and oncologic outcomes.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Sep 11. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Servicio de Urología, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Introduction And Objective: To evaluate complications, morbidity and oncologic outcomes of pelvic exenteration as treatment for gynecologic malignancies.

    Materials And Methods: Between 2008 and 2015, a total of 35 patients underwent pelvic exenteration, due to recurrence of gynecological cancer. Surgical outcomes, early and late postoperative complications, and recurrence/survival outcomes were assessed. Read More

    Minilaparoscopy in urology: Systematic review.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Aug 30. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, España.
    Context: There has been a boom in recent years in urological procedures using minilaparoscopy (ML).

    Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the published evidence on ML and its current role in urology.

    Acquisition Of Evidence: We performed a search on MedLine spanning October 1983 to December 2016 according to PRISMA criteria. Read More


    Endoscopic treatment of urethrodeferential reflux in children.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Aug 23. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Departamento de Urología Pediátrica, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: Urethrodeferential reflux is an underdiagnosed condition, and there is no consensus on its treatment. Our objective is to show our experience in the minimally invasive treatment of this disease using endoscopy.

    Material And Methods: We present 8 patients with recurrent suppurative orchitis due to urethrodeferential reflux treated endoscopically during the period 2008-2013. Read More

    Cryotherapy versus high-intensity focused ultrasound for treating prostate cancer: Oncological and functional results.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Aug 14. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Departamento de Urología, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España.
    Context And Objective: The increasingly early diagnosis of prostate cancer requires a search for therapeutic alternatives with good oncological results that in turn facilitate a good long-term quality of life. This review analyses 2 minimally invasive therapies for treating localised prostate cancer in terms of oncological and functional results, as well as the complications resulting from the therapies.

    Acquisition Of Evidence: A systematic literature review was conducted of the treatment of localised prostate cancer with 2 ablative techniques as the primary therapy: cryosurgery or cryotherapy and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). Read More

    Validation of the prostate health index in a predictive model of prostate cancer.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Aug 12. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Departamento de Urología, Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), España; Departamento de Biología de Sistemas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), España.
    Objectives: To validate and analyse the clinical usefulness of a predictive model of prostate cancer that incorporates the biomarker «[-2] pro prostate-specific antigen» using the prostate health index (PHI) in decision making for performing prostate biopsies.

    Material And Methods: We isolated serum from 197 men with an indication for prostate biopsy to determine the total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA), the free PSA fraction (fPSA) and the [-2] proPSA (p2PSA). The PHI was calculated as p2PSA/fPSA×√tPSA. Read More

    Systematic review of kidney transplantation functional predictors.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Aug 10. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Servicio de Urología, Hospital de la Vall d'Hebron, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.
    Context: Kidney transplantation from donors with expanded criteria has increased the pool of kidneys at the cost of a higher risk of short and long-term graft dysfunction. The main issue lies in determining which kidneys will offer acceptable function and survival compared with the risk represented by surgery and subsequent immunosuppression.

    Objective: The objective of our article is to review the current evidence on the tools for predicting the functionality of kidney transplantation from cadaveric donors with expanded criteria and determining the validity for their use in standard practice. Read More

    Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with prior superselective embolisation as treatment for giant renal angiomyolipoma.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Aug 10. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario Infanta Elena/Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, España.
    Objective: Cases of giant renal angiomyolipoma (>9cm) are a therapeutic challenge due to their low frequency and large size. The treatment objective for patients with renal angiomyolipoma should be complete tumour extirpation, with a nephron-sparing surgical technique, without complications and using a minimally invasive approach.

    Material And Methods: We present 3 cases of giant angiomyolipoma (10 12 and 14cm) treated with a combined approach: superselective embolisation and subsequent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, in 3 separate hospitals. Read More

    Radiation therapy for oligorecurrence in prostate cancer. Preliminary results of our centre.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jul 21. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Servicio de Urología, Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, (FIVO), Valencia, España.
    Introduction And Objective: There is growing interest in the use of more aggressive therapeutic modalities for treating metastatic prostate cancer. In this study, we examine the use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for patients with oligorecurrent prostate cancer. We analysed the biochemical response and toxicity of patients who underwent this therapy at our centre. Read More

    Developments in urologic oncology «OncoForum»: The best of 2016.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Nov 19;41(9):543-551. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Servicio de Urología, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada, Granada, España.
    Objective: To put forth new findings of urologic oncology with impact on clinical practice presented during 2016 in the main annual meetings.

    Acquisition Of Evidence: This document reviews abstracts on prostate, kidney and bladder cancer presented at the congresses of 2016 (EAU, AUA, ASCO, ESMO and ASTRO) and publications with the highest impact in this period valued with the highest scores by the OncoForum committee.

    Synthesis Of Evidence: In High-Risk Renal-Cell carcinoma after nephrectomy, disease-free survival was significantly greater for sunitinib than placebo group, with adverse events more frequents. Read More

    The personal and professional face of the Basque urologist José Julián Guimón Rezola (1898-1980).
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jul 15. Epub 2017 Jul 15.
    Departamento Clínico, Facultad de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Laureate Universities, Madrid, España. Electronic address:
    Objective: To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character.

    Material And Methods: We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. Read More

    Radium-223 in the therapeutic sequence of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jul 12. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada, Madrid, Granada, España.
    Context: Radium-223 is an □ -particle transmitter with specific action on bone metastases. The Alpharadin in Symptomatic Prostate Cancer Patients (ALSYMPCA) study showed that radium-223 extended overall survival and delayed the onset of bone events in patients with symptomatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with bone metastases (mCRPC) and without visceral metastases, with a good safety profile.

    Objective: To review the new scientific evidence on radium-223 based on prespecified and post-hoc analyses of the ALSYMPCA study and on early-access programs after the publication of the ALSYMPCA study, thereby providing new data on the management of patients with mCRPC. Read More

    Bacterial colonization of penile prosthesis after its withdrawal due to mechanical failure.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jul 12. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Unidad de Andrología, Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, España.
    Introduction: Prosthetic surgery to treat erectile dysfunction has a risk of infection of up to 3%, but this risk can increase to 18% when the surgery involves replacement. This increased risk of infection is attributed to the bacterial colonization of the prosthesis during the initial surgery.

    Objective: To analyse the presence of germs in the prosthesis that is withdrawn due to mechanical failure (not infection), as well as the surgical results and its progression. Read More

    Efficacy of Botulinum toxin A for the treatment of Bladder pain syndrome: A systematic review.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jul 4. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Servicio de Urología, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.
    Objectives: To determine the efficacy and safety of BTX-A, compared with other interventions for the treatment of BPS to improve quality of life.

    Methods: This systematic review fulfils all the requirements of the Cochrane manual and PRISMA reporting guidelines. The PROSPERO registration number is: CRD42016039480. Read More

    Application of Lean Healthcare methodology in a urology department of a tertiary hospital as a tool for improving efficiency.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jul 1. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Centro de Ingeniería Económica, Unidad de Investigación en Economía y Gestión de la Salud, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, España.
    Objective: To describe the application of the Lean methodology as a method for continuously improving the efficiency of a urology department in a tertiary hospital.

    Material And Methods: The implementation of the Lean Healthcare methodology in a urology department was conducted in 3 phases: 1) team training and improvement of feedback among the practitioners, 2) management by process and superspecialisation and 3) improvement of indicators (continuous improvement). The indicators were obtained from the Hospital's information systems. Read More

    Analysis of historical articles published in Actas Urológicas Españolas.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 19. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    Oficina de Historia de la Asociación Española de Urología, Urólogo, Murcia, España. Electronic address:
    Objective: On the 40th anniversary of the edition of Actas Urológicas Españolas, we assess the articles on history to determine the proportion represented, analysing the study subjects and their relevance, getting to know the authors, the main study centres and the interest that the studies offer for understanding the specialty.

    Material And Methods: We extracted as many subjects of historic content from the journal as were published between January 1976 and December 2016.

    Result: There were 103 historical studies representing 3% of the total number of articles, with a mean of 2. Read More

    The Patient's Comorbidity Burden Correlates with the Erectile Dysfunction Severity.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 19. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    Departamento of Urología, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.
    Objective: To explore the potential relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED), low testosterone levels, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI).

    Material And Methods: Cross-sectional study on patients referred to the andrology unit in 7 Spanish centers. The ED was diagnosed and graded using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) score. Read More

    Antibiotic activity and concentrations in clinical samples from patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 19. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    Laboratorio de Microbiología, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada (Hospital Virgen de las Nieves)-IBS, Granada, España; Departamento de Microbiología, Universidad de Granada-IBS, Granada, España. Electronic address:
    Objectives: Chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) is the most common urological disease in patients younger than 50 years, whose long-standing symptoms could be related to an inappropriate therapeutic regimen. The objective was to analyse the sensitivity of microorganisms isolated from patients with CBP and measure the weekly antibiotic concentrations in serum, semen and urine.

    Material And Methods: For the antibiotic sensitivity study, 60 clinical isolates were included between January 2013 and December 2014 from semen samples from patients with microbiologically confirmed CBP. Read More

    Predictors of urinary and rectal toxicity after external conformed radiation therapy in prostate cancer: Correlation between clinical, tumour and dosimetric parameters and radical and postoperative radiation therapy.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 15. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Servicio de Oncología Radioterápica, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.
    Objective: To determine rectal and urinary toxicity after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), assessing the results of patients who undergo radical or postoperative therapy for prostate cancer (pancreatic cancer) and their correlation with potential risk factors.

    Method: A total of 333 patients were treated with EBRT. Of these, 285 underwent radical therapy and 48 underwent postoperative therapy (39 cases of rescue and 9 of adjuvant therapy). Read More

    Prospective study comparing laparoscopic and open radical cystectomy: Surgical and oncological results.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 14. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Madrid, España; Departamento Clínico, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Laureate Universities, Madrid, España. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion is an increasingly widespread operation. Studies are needed to support the oncological effectiveness and safety of this minimally invasive approach.

    Patients And Methods: A nonrandomised, comparative prospective study between open radical cystectomy (ORC) and laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) was conducted in a university hospital. Read More

    Trends in the management of urolithiasis in Latin America, Spain and Portugal: results of a survey in the Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU).
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 3. Epub 2017 Jun 3.
    Departamento de Urología, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, Carolina del Norte, EE. UU.
    Objective: To describe the trends in the current management of urolithiasis in the Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU) setting to recognise patterns of clinical practice and identify educational needs.

    Material And Method: An online survey was created with 31 multiple-choice questions (Spanish and Portuguese) through www.caunet. Read More

    Postoperative management of radical cystectomy. Review of the evidence on the prevention and treatment of urological complications.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 3. Epub 2017 Jun 3.
    Servicio de Urología, Unidad de Urooncología, Fundació Puigvert, Barcelona, España.
    Introduction And Objectives: This review article focuses on the prevention and management of the most common postoperative urological complications of radical cystectomy. We reviewed the current literature and conducted an analysis of frequency, prevention and treatment of complications.

    Acquisition Of Evidence: We conducted a search on Medline to identify original articles, literature reviews and editorials focusing on the urological complications of radical cystectomy during the first 90 days after surgery. Read More

    Prevalence of urinary incontinence and its relation with sedentarism in Spain.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 Jun 3. Epub 2017 Jun 3.
    Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y el Deporte, Universidade de Vigo, Pontevedra, España.
    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the elderly Spanish population of both sexes and identify a possible relationship between physical activity habits and the presence of urinary incontinence in the elderly.

    Material And Methods: We used data from 8146 individuals older than 60 years (age range, 60-94 years), from which data from a 15-year cohort were obtained. Of these, 4745 (58. Read More

    The management of the acute ischemic priapism: A state of the art review.
    Actas Urol Esp 2017 May 17. Epub 2017 May 17.
    St. Peter's Andrology and The Institute of Urology, University College of London Hospital (UCLH), Londres, Reino Unido.
    Objective: To review the current literature on early penile prosthesis implantation in patients with refractory ischemic priapism (IP).

    Acquisition Of Evidence: A systematic search for the terms "penile prosthesis", "priapism", "impotence", "fibrosis", "downsized prosthesis cylinders", and "patient satisfaction" has been carried out in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, SCOPUS and Science Citation Index databases.

    Synthesis Of Evidence: Cavernosal tissue damage in IP is time related. Read More

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