Brain Injury Unit, Red Menni de Atención al Daño Cerebral. Hospital Beata María Ana. Madrid, Spain Department of Basic Psychology II. School of Psychology. Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia. Madrid, Spain.
dies have postulated that it is the basis of the disease as evidenced by its independent and persistent quality and its relation to prognosis. Research on cognitive deficits in psychotic disorders has led to the development of intervention strategies for the cognitive rehabilitation of these patients. Attention, working memory, and executive functions are among the most widely affected functions and are closely related to the functionality of these patients. Read More
Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España Departament de Salut Mental. Sant Pere Claver-Fundació Sanitària. Barcelona, España Centre for Biomedical Research Network on Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España.
Introduction: This study aimed to describe and compare socio-demographic, background, treatment history, and service use, psychopathological and psychosocial characteristics of At-Risk Mental States (ARMS) and First-Episode Psychosis (FEP) patients from the Sant Pere Claver-Early Psychosis Program (SPC-EPP) in Barcelona.
Methods: 43 ARMS-patients and 40 FEP-patients were assessed with several clinical and psychosocial measures at study baseline.
Results: Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of the SPC-EPP sample were comparable to those of previous early psychosis studies. Read More
Introduction: Nomophobia is the fear of being out of mobile phone contact. People suffering from this anxiety disorder have feelings of stress and nervousness when access to their mobiles or computers is not possible. This work is an adaptation and validation study of the Spanish version of the Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q). Read More
Introduction: The elderly population is growing driven by the increase in life expectancy, which in turn entails an increase in the number of people with chronic diseases such as dementia. The vast majority of people suffering from this illness is assisted by informal caregivers, who play a key role in fulfilling the patients’ needs, promoting the possibility for people with dementia to live in their home environment. The Internet as a support tool in psychoeducational programs can significantly improve accessibility of them, becoming a currently consolidated interactive resource for the training of patients with acute and chronic diseases, and their caregivers. Read More
treatment of schizophrenia, they don’t adequately address residual positive, negative and depressive symptoms. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of adjunctive memantine treatment on positive, negative and depressive symptoms of schizophrenia.
Methods: This randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted in Noor Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, 2013-2014; 32 patients in maintenance treatment were included in each group, using block sampling; inclusion criteria were age 18- 65 years, normal intellectual ability, being diagnosed with schizophrenia for the past two years, being treated with fixed doses of atypical antipsychotic for at least three months before randomization. Read More
Introduction: Eating disorders (ED) have been linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) because they present some symptoms in common. The aim of this study was to explore the influence on ED of symptoms suggestive of adult ADHD and how these symptoms affect the clinical presentation of adult patients. A further aim was to assess the impact of ADHD symptoms on quality of life and feelings of disability. Read More
Introduction: There is a renewed interest in incorporating personality variables in criminology theories in order to build models able to integrate personality variables and biological factors with psychosocial and sociocultural factors. The aim of this article is the assessment of personality dimensions that contribute to the prediction of antisocial behavior in adolescents.
Methods: For this purpose, a sample of adolescents from El Salvador, Mexico, and Spain was obtained. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Mar 1;45(2):71-78. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
Servicio de Psiquiatría, Parque Tecnológico de la Salud, Complejo Hospitalario Granada, Granada Departamento de Psiquiatría y grupo de investigación CTS-549, Instituto de Neurociencias, Centro de Investigación de Biomedicina (CIBM), Universidad de Granada, Granada.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can cause neuropsychiatric disorders such as cognitive impairment, behavioural difficulties or psychiatric symptoms –for instance, mania and psychosis. HIV patients with psychiatric comorbidities need an appropriate treatment which tackles the HIV infection as much as the particular mental symptoms. Here we present the case of a patient suffering from delusions, which turned out to be caused by encephalitis secondary to a previously unknown HIV infection. Read More
Introduction: In parallel to the rapid growth of access to new technologies (NT) there has been an increase in the problematic use of the same, especially among children and adolescents. Although research in this field is increasing, the studies have mainly been developed in the community, and the characteristics associated with the problematic use of NT are unknown in samples that require clinical care. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between problematic use of video games (UPV) and Internet (UPI) and personality traits and behavior problems in a clinical sample of children and adolescents. Read More
The Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) is a clinical assessment tool that focuses on the detailed measurement of delusions and hallucinations in patients with psychosis. The goal of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the PSYRATS. A sample of 92 outpatients suffering from schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders and presenting persistent psychotic symptoms was assessed using the PSYRATS and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Read More
Background: It is important to understand the repercussions of Complicated Grief (CG) symptoms in addictions. There are no studies to date which have examined the psychometric properties of any test of bereavement among people with substance use disorder (SUD). Participants with SUD can have a different experience of bereavement from other people and therefore could respond differently to the usual instruments which assess CG symptomatology. Read More
Introduction: The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes a significant revision of Eating Disorders (ED). The objective of this study is to compare the distribution of diagnosis of ED in adolescents according to DSM-VI-TR and DSM-5 criteria. A second objective is to study the psychopathological differences between patients with ED (based on DSM-IV-TR) and those whose diagnosis changed by applying DSM-5 criteria. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Jan 1;45(1):21-31. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
12 de Octubre Research Institute. University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid. Spain Psychiatry Unit. University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid. Spain Medicine Faculty. Complutense de Madrid University. Spain Addictive Disorders Network (Red de Trastornos adictivos, RETIS), Carlos III Institute, Madrid. Spain.
Introduction: Inhibitory control is clearly impaired in alcohol dependent individuals, being associated to the addiction process establishment and abstinence maintenance difficulties. Inhibitory control assessment tasks involving responses to neutral stimuli are available, although a Spanish version task including contextual cues influence on inhibition capacity has not been performed yet. Alcohol related stimuli can modify behavioural inhibition performance. Read More
Introduction: Decreased need for sleep has been proposed as a core symptom of mania and it has been associated with the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. The emergence of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) as a new diagnostic has been controversial and much has been speculated about its relationship with the bipolar spectrum. REM sleep fragmentation could be a biomarker of affective disorders and it would help us to differentiate them from other disorders. Read More
Aims: Assess the prevalence of dual pathology in patients with alcohol dependence and describe the psychopathological profile of mental disorders, impulsiveness, ADHD presence and craving.
Method: It is a cross-sectional study about dual pathology, carried out on 102 patients undergoing outpatient treatment. The presence of dual pathology is established by means of the MINI-5 interview and the MCMI-III test; DSM-IV being used as the alcohol abuse criteria. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2016 Nov 1;44(6):244-52. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust, UK Department of Psychiatry. Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute (BCNI). University of Cambridge, UK Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM).
Introduction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood, which is frequently maintained in adolescent and adult age. It presents great clinical heterogeneity, significantly affecting the functioning of those who suffer it. Although drug treatments obtain results by themselves, the approach should be multidisciplinary and be adapted to the specific needs of each patient and his/ her family. Read More
Objective: To describe if there are differences in the prescription of psychodrug at discharge between bipolar disorder patients with or without addiction.
Methods: We review all the psychotropic drugs dispensed to inpatients of a brief hospitalization psychiatric unit diagnosed as having bipolar disorder at time of discharge. We recluted 225 patients over 18 years old on their last manic episode, between the year 2000 and 2010. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2016 Nov 1;44(6):212-21. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC). Madrid, Spain Centro de Investigación en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM). Hospital Gregorio Marañón. Madrid, Spain Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense. Madrid, Spain.
Background: Current literature suggests that personality disorder comorbidity negatively contributes to both the severity and prognosis of other disorders; however, little literature has been devoted to its influence on borderline personality disorder (BPD). The objective of the present work is to study comorbidity with other personality disorders in a severe clinical sample of patients with BPD, and its relationship with global functionality.
Methods: A sample of 65 patients with severe borderline personality disorder was included in the study. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2016 Nov 1;44(6):203-11. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
Servei de Salut Mental. Corporació Sanitària i Universitària Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona (Spain) Departament de Psiquiatría i Medicina Legal. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain).
Introduction: Child and adolescent psychiatric emergencies have increased in recent years. The main objective of our study is to analyze sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of psychiatric emergencies under 18 years old that came to our hospital. Secondary objectives were to study diagnostic stability made in the emergency department and undertake a gender analysis. Read More
Introduction: Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch) has been validated in different countries demonstrating that it is an instrument with a correct balance between reliability and duration. Given the shortage of trustworthy instruments of evaluation in our language for infantile population we decide to explore the Spanish version of the TEA-Ch.
Methods: We administered TEA-Ch (version A) to a sample control of 133 Spanish children from 6 to 11 years enrolled in school in the Community of Madrid. Read More
Introduction: The study focused on examining the prevalence of Personality Disorders (PD) in 51 male inmates diagnosed with Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) lifetime within a specialized unit at a prison.
Methods: The instruments administered included the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I and the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+.
Results: The type of crime most frequently committed by the incarcerated was the robbery (76. Read More
Introduction: Agitation is a common problem in psychiatric care with serious clinical and economic consequences.
Methodology: The aim of the study was to define and characterize the agitation states present in usual medical practice in the acute and emergency units of a psychiatric hospital. Two nominal groups, one with 7 nurses and the other with 10 psychiatrists from the Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, were established. Read More
Introduction: Nonadherence is an important and highly prevalent issue in bipolar disorder, which may have serious consequences. Surprisingly, few studies have been carried out in patients with clinical stability to explore risk factors for nonadherence.
Method: Adherence was assessed in 76 bipolar disorder patients with clinical stability using objective and subjective methods, both with a cross-sectional approach and a 3-year retrospective period. Read More
Introduction: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is one of the Personality Disorder most frequently associated with Substance Use Disorder (SUD). According to different models, the Behavioral dysregulation-BPD subgroup has a higher prevalence of SUD and certain impulsivity behaviors than the other two subgroups.
Methods: Out of 156 BPD patients, 47 were in the Behavioral dysregulation-BPD subgroup, 55 in Affective dysregulation, and 54 in Disturbed relatedness. Read More
Mental Health Research Center at Eastern State Hospital, Lexington, KY, USA Psychiatry and Neurosciences Research Group (CTS-549), Institute of Neurosciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, and Biomedical Research Centre in Mental Health Net (CIBERSAM), Santiago Apóstol Hospital, University of the Basque Country, Vitoria, Spain.
Introduction: In 1998, an unexplained drug-drug interaction between valproic acid (VPA) and ibuprofen was reported. VPA has been considered a moderate inhibitor of several metabolic enzymes, but recently its inductive properties have been described, including the possibility of auto-induction. Ibuprofen can displace VPA from the plasmatic protein, increasing its serum free concentration, and subsequently its pharmacological actions, including auto-induction. Read More
Introduction: Scientific evidence focused on the treatment response in delusional disorder (DD) patients is scarce, and the findings are controversial. Our goal was to compare the antipsychotic response at the 12-week followup between patients diagnosed with DD and patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and to identify potential response dimensions.
Methods: A prospective, observational, cohort study with 12-week follow-up was conducted with DD and schizophrenia patients matched for sex, age and cumulative years of disease. Read More
Introduction: The relationship among labor difficulties and psychiatric disorders is important and bidirectional. However, current information about the influence of psychiatric disorders in temporary work disability in Spain is inconclusive. For this reason, we aimed to describe the prevalence of the conclusions of psychiatric expert’s reports including maintain o revoke the temporary disability (TD). Read More