Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    1024 results match your criteria Actas Espanolas de Psiquiatria [Journal]

    1 OF 21

    Analysis of the effectiveness of a training program for parents of children with ADHD in a hospital environment.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2018 Jan 1;46(1):21-8. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    Doctor en Psicología y Psicólogo especialista en Psicología Clínica. Profesor de la Universidad de les Illes Balears, Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico.
    Introduction: Regarding the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), treatments combined with pharmacological, psychoeducational and parents training programs interventions are recommended. Parenting programs have been proven efficacy in the experimental area, but there is few data about their effectiveness and feasibility in the professional area. The objective of the study is to analyze the effectiveness of a parenting program implemented in a hospital setting to improve internalized and externalized behaviors as well as parenting styles in a sample of ADHD children. Read More

    Descriptive study of evolution experienced by users of mental health residence, after 10 years of operation.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2018 Jan 1;46(1):12-20. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Hospital del Mar, IMIM (Institut Hospital del Mar d’Investigacions Mèdiques), CIBERSAM, Departament de Psiquiatria, Universidad Autònoma de Barcelona.
    Introduction: The transformation of the social-health benefits system must demonstrate efficiency. The objective of the current work is to evaluate the evolution of those living in a residence during the first 10 years of its operation.

    Method: Of the 205 patients used in the assessment, 93 were admitted. Read More

    Serum cortisol levels and neuropsychological impairments in patients diagnosed with Fibromyalgia.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2018 Jan 1;46(1):1-11. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    MD. PHD. Psychiatrist. Researcher Professor, Universidad de la Costa (Colombia), Researcher GIINCO Group.
    Objective: To describe the relationship between neuropsychological variables and serum cortisol levels as a measure of physiological stress in patients with fibromyalgia.

    Methodology: A sample of 60 women was intentionally selected: 30 with Fibromyalgia diagnosis and 30 with normal controls. Cortisol levels were determined using two blood samples (AM and PM) and a neuropsychological and emotional battery was applied with a standardized protocol in Colombian population to evaluate different cognitive domains. Read More

    Domiciliary intervention in psychosis: a systematic review.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Nov 1;45(6):290-302. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Universitat Ramon Llull. Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport. Blanquerna Hospital de Mataró. (Consorci Sanitari del Maresme).
    Background: This theoretical study reviews the main findings and research on home-based treatment for psychosis. The principal purpose was to analyze the various types of home-based service and make recommendations for a service that would meet the needs of both first-episode and resistant patients. We compare the Early Intervention Service, which aims to reduce the range of untreated psychosis (DUP) with other types of home-care and similar interventions that have already been implemented: crisis resolution home teams (CRHTs), Open Dialogue Approach (ODA), social skills training (SST) and foster homes. Read More

    m-RESIST, a complete m-Health solution for patients with treatmentresistant schizophrenia: a qualitative study of user needs and acceptability in the Barcelona metropolitan area.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Nov 1;45(6):277-89. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain Catalan Group in Women's Mental Health Research (GTRDSM), Barcelona, Spain.
    Background: Despite the theoretical potential of m-health solutions in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia, there remains a lack of technological solutions in daily practice. The aim of this study was to measure the receptivity of patients, informal carers, and clinicians to an integral intervention model focused on patients with persistent positive symptoms: Mobile Therapeutic Attention for Patients with Treatment Resistant Schizophrenia (m-RESIST).

    Methods: A qualitative study of the needs and acceptability of outpatients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia was carried out in Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu (Barcelona). Read More

    Difference in Regional Brain Volume between Fibromyalgia Patients and Long-Term Meditators.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Nov 1;45(6):268-76. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Deparment of Psychiatry. Miguel Servet Hospital, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Background: The practice of meditation has been shown to improve pain-related quality of life and also to alter brain activity. To assess brain volumetry in fibromyalgia (FM) patients, healthy meditators and healthy non-meditator control groups, and to elucidate the possible association between brain changes in meditators and years of meditation practice.

    Methods: Twelve patients diagnosed with FM, eleven long-term Zen meditators and ten healthy control subjects closely matched for sex and age were recruited. Read More

    Effectivity and Cost-effectivity of the Maintenance Electroconvulsive Therapy: A mirror naturalistic analysis.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Nov 1;45(6):257-67. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Mental Health Department, Corporació Sanitària Parc Taulí. Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain Departament of Psichiatry and Forensic Medicine. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain Center of Collaborative Biomedical Research in Mental Health (CIBERSAM).
    Introduction: Maintenance Electroconvulsive Therapy (mECT) is a biological long-term treatment in which patients receive ECT on periods from 2 to 4 weeks, during a variable period of time, usually for more than 6 months. Recent studies showed the efficacy of mECT in prevention of relapse and recurrences. Our study wants to demostrate the effectivity and cost-effectivity of this therapy in the naturalistic conditions of our area. Read More

    Nutritional supplements in eating disorders.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(Supplement):26-36. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Hospital Clinico San Carlos. Madrid.
    Eating disorders (EDs) are a series of differentiated nosological entities sharing the common link of a continuous alteration in food intake or in food intake-related behavior. Within this classification, the following disorders are noteworthy: anorexia nerviosa (AN) and bulimia nerviosa (BN). Anorexia nervosa is a chronic disorder characterized mainly by negative or decreased food intake accompanied by a distortion of body image and intense accompanying fear of weight gain. Read More

    Nutritional supplements in psychotic disorders.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(Supplement):16-25. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Unitat Docent de Psiquiatria i Psicologia Mèdica, Departament de Medicina, Universitat de València, Valencia Unitat de Salut Mental de Catarroja, Valencia Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Instituto Carlos III, Madrid International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research (ISNPR).
    There is growing interest about the potential of diet and nutrients to improve the mental health of the population and for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. In the case of schizophrenia, the limitations of antipsychotic drugs to achieve adequate rates of clinical remission and functional recovery have promoted the search for complementary approaches. This narrative review approaches the dietary patterns and interventions in schizophrenia, efficacy of specific nutrients and therapeutic modulation of the gut microflora by probiotics. Read More

    Dietary supplements for cognitive impairment.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(Supplement):37-47. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Jefe de Servicio de Psiquiatría, Hospital San Jorge. Huesca Profesor Asociado. Universidad de Zaragoza.
    Alzheimer disease and the other neurodegenerative dementias as yet have no curative treatment. For this reason, the prevention of these conditions and non-pharmacological treatments are important fields of research at present. The Mediterranean diet (rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, and olive oil, with regular fish consumption and low consumption of dairy products and meats) has been shown to reduce the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and, probably, the conversion of MCI to dementia. Read More

    Dietary supplements in child and adolescent psychiatry.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(Supplement):48-64. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Centro de Salud Panaderas. Fuenlabrada. España.
    Complementary and alternative treatments, including dietary supplements, are very popular and increasingly used in developed countries. Some features such as accessibility, ease of use, the possibility of self-administration and the belief they are safe without side effects, have led to an increase in their consumption. However, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness and safety of these treatments because of methodological issues. Read More

    Nutritional supplements in Anxiety Disorder.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(Supplement):1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Profesora Titular Psiquiatría, Departamento de Psiquiatría, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid y Fundación Juan José López-Ibor.
    In recent years, a direct relation between the occurrence of anxiety disorders, sleep disturbances, and mood disorders has been observed as a consequence of poor or inadequate diet. Eating habits in Western societies have greatly changed in recent decades, with an increase in the consumption of foods low in vitamin and mineral content, high in caloric value, and rapidly prepared and easily consumed. It may be that the new lifestyles that directly affect family organization and planning interfere with following a proper diet. Read More

    Nutritional supplements in depressive disorders.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(Supplement):8-15. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Biomedical Research Centre in Mental Health Network (CIBERSAM) G10, Spain Psychiatry Department. BioAraba, Health Research Institute, Araba University Hospital, Vitoria, Spain University of the Basque Country, Spain.
    There is increasing evidence about the role of nutrients in mental health. An adequate intake of nutrients contributes to better overall health and mental health in particular. Major depression is a severe mental illness with a high prevalence for which effective treatments exist but not in all cases the patient’s remission is achieved. Read More

    Antipsychotic therapy amongst Cytochrome P450 2D6 poor metabolizers in the clinical practice: A case report.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 09 1;45(5):248-55. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología, Instituto de Neurociencias, Hospital Clínic. Barcelona, España Barcelona Clinic Schizophrenia Unit (BCSU), Instituto de Neurociencias, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Universidad de Barcelona. Barcelona, España Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques Agustí Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS). Barcelona, España Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM). Barcelona, España.

    Relationship between androgen deficiency and memory impairment in aging and Alzheimer’s disease.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(5):227-47. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Laboratorio de Farmacología Conductual. Dirección de Investigaciones en Neurociencias. Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz. México.
    Aging and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are associated with a declination of cognition and memory, whose severity increases in AD. Recent investigations point to a greater participation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) than that of senile plaques, as responsible for cognitive impairment in AD and normal aging. On the other hand, aging is related with reduced levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEA-S) as well as testosterone (T). Read More

    Social Cognition in Schizophrenia, Unaffected Relatives and Ultra- High Risk for Psychosis: What Do We Currently Know?
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(5):218-26. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    Introduction: Schizophrenia patients show impairments in social cognition (SC), which is a set of cognitive processes that underlie social interactions. The research about SC in schizophrenia has identified four main domains: Theory of mind (ToM), social perception, attributional style and emotional processing. The present review aims to summarize the most recent and consistent findings about SC in patients with schizophrenia, unaffected relatives and ultra-high risk for psychosis individuals (UHR), as well as its association with clinical variables and functional outcome. Read More

    Development of a screening test for cognitive impairment in alcoholic population: TEDCA.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(5):201-17. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Madrid Instituto de Investigación i+12. Madrid Red de Trastornos adictivos (RETIS) Departamento de Psiquiatría. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Complutense. Madrid.
    Introduction: Several studies have found cognitive impairment in patients with a history of alcohol use disorder, affecting their psychosocial functioning and the achievement of therapeutic goals. In order to identify these effects, several cognitive screening tests have been used, though they were not specific for alcoholic population, possibly leading to an increase in the risk of error.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the main cognitive deficits in patients with history of alcohol use disorders, through the development of a specific screening test for alcohol-related cognitive impairment. Read More

    Characteristics and factors associated with depression in the elderly in Spain from a gender perspective.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(5):185-200. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Grupo de Investigación en Neurociencia Clínica de Segovia (GINCS). Segovia, Spain Department of Psychiatry. Segovia Hospital-Public Health Agency. SACYL. Segovia, Spain.
    Introduction: Depression is a main cause of disability and it is a priority public health problem among the elderly because of its significant consequences regarding morbidity and mortality, especially in women.

    Methods: We selected records of people aged 65 and over out of the 2014 European Health Survey in Spain (n=6,520). We then performed a descriptive analysis stratified by gender of relevant variables such as demographic, socioeconomic, health status, health care and health determinants. Read More

    Efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation of attention, executive functions, and working memory in psychotic disorders: A systematic review.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Jul 1;45(4):167-78. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Brain Injury Unit, Red Menni de Atención al Daño Cerebral. Hospital Beata María Ana. Madrid, Spain Department of Basic Psychology II. School of Psychology. Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia. Madrid, Spain.
    dies have postulated that it is the basis of the disease as evidenced by its independent and persistent quality and its relation to prognosis. Research on cognitive deficits in psychotic disorders has led to the development of intervention strategies for the cognitive rehabilitation of these patients. Attention, working memory, and executive functions are among the most widely affected functions and are closely related to the functionality of these patients. Read More

    Clinical and Psychosocial Characterization of At-Risk Mental State and Recent Onset Psychosis Patients from an Early Psychosis Program in Barcelona (Spain).
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Jul 1;45(4):145-56. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España Departament de Salut Mental. Sant Pere Claver-Fundació Sanitària. Barcelona, España Centre for Biomedical Research Network on Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: This study aimed to describe and compare socio-demographic, background, treatment history, and service use, psychopathological and psychosocial characteristics of At-Risk Mental States (ARMS) and First-Episode Psychosis (FEP) patients from the Sant Pere Claver-Early Psychosis Program (SPC-EPP) in Barcelona.

    Methods: 43 ARMS-patients and 40 FEP-patients were assessed with several clinical and psychosocial measures at study baseline.

    Results: Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of the SPC-EPP sample were comparable to those of previous early psychosis studies. Read More

    Adaptation of the Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q) to Spanish in a sample of adolescents.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Jul 1;45(4):137-44. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Professor, University of Deusto. Bilbao, Spain.
    Introduction: Nomophobia is the fear of being out of mobile phone contact. People suffering from this anxiety disorder have feelings of stress and nervousness when access to their mobiles or computers is not possible. This work is an adaptation and validation study of the Spanish version of the Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q). Read More

    Online interventions for caregivers of people with dementia: a systematic review.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 May 1;45(3):116-26. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Assistance Center of Zamora. Department of Psychiatry.
    Introduction: The elderly population is growing driven by the increase in life expectancy, which in turn entails an increase in the number of people with chronic diseases such as dementia. The vast majority of people suffering from this illness is assisted by informal caregivers, who play a key role in fulfilling the patients’ needs, promoting the possibility for people with dementia to live in their home environment. The Internet as a support tool in psychoeducational programs can significantly improve accessibility of them, becoming a currently consolidated interactive resource for the training of patients with acute and chronic diseases, and their caregivers. Read More

    The effect of add-on memantine on positive, negative and depressive symptoms of schizophrenia: a doubleblind, randomized, controlled trial.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 May 1;45(3):108-15. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
    treatment of schizophrenia, they don’t adequately address residual positive, negative and depressive symptoms. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of adjunctive memantine treatment on positive, negative and depressive symptoms of schizophrenia.

    Methods: This randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted in Noor Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, 2013-2014; 32 patients in maintenance treatment were included in each group, using block sampling; inclusion criteria were age 18- 65 years, normal intellectual ability, being diagnosed with schizophrenia for the past two years, being treated with fixed doses of atypical antipsychotic for at least three months before randomization. Read More

    Influence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms on quality of life and functionality in adults with eating disorders.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 May 1;45(3):98-107. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Servicio de Psiquiatría B. Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón. Madrid. Spain.
    Introduction: Eating disorders (ED) have been linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) because they present some symptoms in common. The aim of this study was to explore the influence on ED of symptoms suggestive of adult ADHD and how these symptoms affect the clinical presentation of adult patients. A further aim was to assess the impact of ADHD symptoms on quality of life and feelings of disability. Read More

    Personality patterns predict the risk of antisocial behavior in Spanish-speaking adolescents.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 May 1;45(3):89-97. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Departamento de cultura, arte y desarrollo humano, Centro Universitario del Sur (CUSUR), Universidad de Guadalajara. Jalisco, México.
    Introduction: There is a renewed interest in incorporating personality variables in criminology theories in order to build models able to integrate personality variables and biological factors with psychosocial and sociocultural factors. The aim of this article is the assessment of personality dimensions that contribute to the prediction of antisocial behavior in adolescents.

    Methods: For this purpose, a sample of adolescents from El Salvador, Mexico, and Spain was obtained. Read More

    Psychosis management in patients with hiv: case report.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Mar 1;45(2):71-78. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Servicio de Psiquiatría, Parque Tecnológico de la Salud, Complejo Hospitalario Granada, Granada Departamento de Psiquiatría y grupo de investigación CTS-549, Instituto de Neurociencias, Centro de Investigación de Biomedicina (CIBM), Universidad de Granada, Granada.
    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can cause neuropsychiatric disorders such as cognitive impairment, behavioural difficulties or psychiatric symptoms –for instance, mania and psychosis. HIV patients with psychiatric comorbidities need an appropriate treatment which tackles the HIV infection as much as the particular mental symptoms. Here we present the case of a patient suffering from delusions, which turned out to be caused by encephalitis secondary to a previously unknown HIV infection. Read More

    Problematic Technology Use in a clinical sample of children and adolescents. Personality and behavioral problems associated.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Mar 1;45(2):62-70. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.
    Introduction: In parallel to the rapid growth of access to new technologies (NT) there has been an increase in the problematic use of the same, especially among children and adolescents. Although research in this field is increasing, the studies have mainly been developed in the community, and the characteristics associated with the problematic use of NT are unknown in samples that require clinical care. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between problematic use of video games (UPV) and Internet (UPI) and personality traits and behavior problems in a clinical sample of children and adolescents. Read More

    Validation of the Portuguese version of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS).
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Mar 1;45(2):56-61. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Section for Clinical and Health Psychology, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.
    The Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) is a clinical assessment tool that focuses on the detailed measurement of delusions and hallucinations in patients with psychosis. The goal of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the PSYRATS. A sample of 92 outpatients suffering from schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders and presenting persistent psychotic symptoms was assessed using the PSYRATS and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Read More

    Factor structure and concurrent construct validity of ICG among bereaved substance users.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Mar 1;45(2):47-55. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Department of Psychology. University of Girona.
    Background: It is important to understand the repercussions of Complicated Grief (CG) symptoms in addictions. There are no studies to date which have examined the psychometric properties of any test of bereavement among people with substance use disorder (SUD). Participants with SUD can have a different experience of bereavement from other people and therefore could respond differently to the usual instruments which assess CG symptomatology. Read More

    Diagnostic Distribution of eating disorders: Comparison between DSMIV- TR and DSM-5.
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Jan 1;45(1):32-8. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona.
    Introduction: The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes a significant revision of Eating Disorders (ED). The objective of this study is to compare the distribution of diagnosis of ED in adolescents according to DSM-VI-TR and DSM-5 criteria. A second objective is to study the psychopathological differences between patients with ED (based on DSM-IV-TR) and those whose diagnosis changed by applying DSM-5 criteria. Read More

    1 OF 21