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    5494 results match your criteria Acta tropica[Journal]

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    Dynamics of spatiotemporal distribution of schistosomiasis in Hubei Province, China.
    Acta Trop 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Hubei Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:
    Schistosomiasis caused by parasitic flatworms of blood flukes, remains a major public health concern in China. The significant progress in controlling schistosomiasis in China over the past decades has resulted in the remarkable reduction in the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma japonicum infection to an extremely low level. Therefore, the elimination of schistosomiasis has been promoted by the Chinese national government. Read More

    Population structure and genetic diversity of Rhipicephalus microplus in Zimbabwe.
    Acta Trop 2018 Jan 8;180:42-46. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa.
    Recently there was an expansion in the geographic range of Rhipicephalus microplus in Zimbabwe. In order to understand gene flow patterns and population structure in this highly invasive and adaptable cattle tick, a population genetics study was carried out. Eighty-seven R. Read More

    Molecular identification of Blastocystis sp. subtypes in water samples collected from Black sea, Turkey.
    Acta Trop 2018 Jan 6. Epub 2018 Jan 6.
    State Key Laboratory of Plateau Ecology and Agriculture, Centre for Biomedicine and Infectious Diseases (CBID), Qinghai University, Xining, Qinghai, 810016, PR China; Medical School, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    The aim of this study was to identify the subtypes of Blastocystis sp. and complete a phylogenetic analysis of 268 water samples that were collected from the Samsun, Amasya and Sinop Provinces of the Black Sea in Turkey, between the years 2011 and 2014. Blastocystis sp. Read More

    Population based and animal study on the effects of Schistosoma japonicum infection in the regulation of host glucose homeostasis.
    Acta Trop 2018 Jan 6;180:33-41. Epub 2018 Jan 6.
    Department of Histology and Embryology, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, 172 Tongzipo Road, Changsha, China; Digestive Cancer Laboratory, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, 830063, China. Electronic address:
    Although parasitic infection affects the glucose homeostasis of mice, only few studies have integrated epidemiological and animal data to determine the effect of Schistosoma japonicum infection on mice metabolism. The current study assessed the effects of S. japonicum infection on blood glucose and other metabolic parameters in both patients and animal models of chronic schistomiasis. Read More

    First molecular evidence of equine granulocytic anaplasmosis in Pakistan.
    Acta Trop 2018 Jan 5;180:18-25. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    Anaplasma phagocytophilum (A. phagocytophilum) is an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes equine granulocytic anaplasmosis (EGA) disease in equines. This pathogen has zoonotic potential, which makes it very important to be detected and controlled as early as possible. Read More

    Current prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and their impact on hematological and nutritional status among Karen hill tribe children in Omkoi District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand.
    Acta Trop 2018 Jan 5;180:1-6. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Electronic address:
    Intestinal parasitic infection represents a substantial problem for children living in rural or limited resources areas and significantly relates to anemia and nutritional status. This study aimed to determine the current prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among school-age children of Karen hill tribe population in Omkoi District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand and assess the impact of intestinal parasitic infection on hematological and nutritional status in those children. A total of 375 Karen hill tribe children, 6-14 years of age, in Omkoi District were randomly selected to participate in this study. Read More

    Serological detection and molecular characterization of piroplasmids in equids in Brazil.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 29;179:81-87. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Professor no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Veterinária e Microbiologia Agropecuária, UNESP, Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil.
    Equine piroplasmosis is a disease caused by the hemoparasites Babesia caballi and Theileria equi and is considered to be the most important parasitic infection affecting Equidae. The objective of the present study was to carry out an epidemiological molecular and serological survey for the presence of these two protozoal organisms in equids from the northwestern region of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), south Brazil. For this purpose, blood samples were collected from 90 equids in the city of Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil. Read More

    Geographical distribution and species identification of human filariasis and onchocerciasis in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 28;180:12-17. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Malaria & Emerging Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, National Microbiology Center, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
    Human filariae are vector-borne parasites and the causative agents of various diseases, including human onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. Onchocerciasis causes a spectrum of cutaneous and ophthalmologic manifestations (including blindness) and has long been a major public health problem in Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea). Bioko Island has been included in the WHO's Onchocerciasis Control Program since 1987. Read More

    Retrospective active case finding in Cambodia: An innovative approach to leprosy control in a low-endemic country.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 28;180:26-32. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Currently, leprosy control relies on the clinical diagnosis of leprosy and the subsequent administration of multidrug therapy (MDT). However, many health workers are not familiar with the cardinal signs of leprosy, particularly in low-endemic settings including Cambodia. In response, a new approach to early diagnosis was developed in the country, namely retrospective active case finding (RACF) through small mobile teams. Read More

    Mating behavior of the West Nile virus vector Culex pipiens - role of behavioral asymmetries.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 27;179:88-95. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124, Pisa, Italy; The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, 56025, Pontedera, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address:
    Culex pipiens is a vector of West Nile, Rift Valley fever, Japanese encephalitis and Usutu viruses. In agreement with the criteria of Integrated Vector Management, several research efforts have been devoted to develop behavior-based control tools to fight mosquito vectors. However, our knowledge of mosquito mating biology and sexual communication is still patchy. Read More

    Brucellosis in West and Central Africa: A review of the current situation in a changing landscape of dairy cattle systems.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 26;179:96-108. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, United Kingdom.
    Brucellosis is a neglected endemic zoonosis in West and Central Africa. In this narrative review, evidence of livestock and human infection is presented along with details of past and current control strategies in 14 selected countries. Data from available literature is combined with expert opinion elicited during a regional workshop on brucellosis diagnostics. Read More

    Molluscicidal activity of Arisaema erubescens mixed with fertilizers against Oncomelania hupensis and its effect on rice germination and growth.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 26;179:55-60. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Research Institute of Forestry Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100086, PR China.
    To explore a new molluscicide with dual effects of fertilization and molluscicidal activity, an organic-inorganic compound fertilizer molluscicide was prepared by mixing the water extract (or powder) of Arisaema erubescens tubers with nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, and three mixed fertilizers (hereinafter referred to as ANF, APF, AKF and ACF, respectively). Leaching using the mixture was performed to test for molluscicidal activity, and indoor rice germination, seedling growth, and pot experiments were monitored. ANF exhibited superior molluscicidal activity, with respective 24-h and 48-h Oncomelania mortality rates significantly increased, reaching up to 67. Read More

    Comparative proteomics analysis of Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae exposure to albendazole sulfoxide stress.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 26. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China; Key Clinical Laboratory of Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450052, China. Electronic address:
    The drug albendazole (ABZ) has a positive effect against Trichinella spiralis infection and has been used for the treatment and prevention of trichinellosis in both humans and animals. However, the molecular mechanism of ABZ's effects on T. spiralis remains unknown now. Read More

    Repellence of essential oils and selected compounds against ticks-A systematic review.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 26;179:47-54. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Crop Research Institute, Drnovska 507, 161 06, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Ticks act as vectors of a wide range of infectious agents, far encompassing any other group of bloodsucking arthropods worldwide. The prevention of tick-borne diseases is strictly linked to the successful management of tick vector populations. The employ of repellents can represent a worth solution to avoid tick bites. Read More

    Antimonial susceptibility and in vivo behaviour of Leishmania major isolates collected in Algeria before and after treatment.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 24;180:7-11. Epub 2017 Dec 24.
    IRD, Univ. Montpellier, InterTryp, Montpellier, France; IRD, Univ. Montpellier, MiVegec, Montpellier, France. Electronic address:
    The repercussions of cutaneous leishmaniasis therapy on the behaviour and drug susceptibility of Leishmania major parasites is poorly documented. This study explored the link between antimonial susceptibility and in vivo behaviour in Leishmania major isolates collected before and after treatment in Algeria. This study was performed on 3 isolates collected from patients prior to treatment and paired with 3 isolates collected from the same patient after treatment failure. Read More

    Occurrence of Cryptosporidium in the water basins of nitra region, slovakia.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 20;179:36-38. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, Department of Environment, Veterinary legislation and Economy, Komenského 73, 041 81, Košice, Slovak Republic.
    Cryptosporidium species C. parvum and C. hominis are a common cause of human diarrheal infections worldwide. Read More

    SOME FACTS ON SOUTH ASIAN SCHISTOSOMIASIS AND NEED FOR INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 19. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    National Institute for Research in Tribal Health, (Formerly Regional Medical Research Centre for Tribals), Indian Council of Medical Research, Nagpur Road, P.O. Garha, Jabalpur, 482 003, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address:
    In this review, we are discussing South Asian schistosomiasis; more specifically species which are responsible for schistosomiasis in India or South Asia -Schistosoma indicum, S. spindale, S. nasale, S. Read More

    Pharmaceutical interactions between antiretroviral and antimalarial drugs used in chemoprophylaxis.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 19;179:25-35. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Tropical Microbiology and Entomology Unit, Bundeswehr Hospital Hamburg, Bernhard Nocht Str. 74, 20359, Hamburg, Germany; Institute for Medical Microbiology, Virology and Hygiene, University Medicine Rostock, Schillingallee 70, 18057, Rostock, Germany. Electronic address:
    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the causative agent of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The pandemic is believed to have originated within the Northern Congo basin covering large parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Cameroon and Gabon. Although over decades, HIV-1 has spread throughout the World leaving no country unaffected, sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with more than 80% of all infected individuals. Read More

    Ultrastructure of male genitalia of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of forensic importance.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 14;179:61-80. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. Electronic address:
    Male genitalia of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are distinctive in their morphological features and are often used for species identification. The aim of this work was to investigate the male genitalia of blow flies of medical and forensic importance from Thailand at the ultrastructural level, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Flies in two subfamilies were examined: Chrysomyinae [Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya chani Kurahashi, Chrysomya nigripes Aubertin, Chrysomya pinguis (Walker), Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya thanomthini Kurahashi & Tumrasvin, and Chrysomya villeneuvi Patton] and Luciliinae [Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Wiedemann), Hypopygiopsis infumata (Bigot), Hypopygiopsis tumrasvini Kurahashi, Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann), Lucilia papuensis Macquart, Lucilia porphyrina (Walker), and Lucilia sinensis Aubertin]. Read More

    Effects of vector control on the population structure of tsetse (Glossina fuscipes fuscipes) in western Kenya.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 14;179:1-9. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield, Pretoria 028, South Africa. Electronic address:
    Displacement rates of tsetse affect performance of targets during vector control. Fly size, one of the indicators of population structure usually obtained from wing measurement, is among the determinants of displacement rates. Although recovery of tsetse in previous intervention areas has been widely reported, the population structure of tsetse that recover is rarely evaluated despite being associated with displacements rates. Read More

    Malaria control in a tribal area of Central India using existing tools.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    ICMR - National Institute for Research in Tribal Health, Garha, Jabalpur, India. Electronic address:
    Malaria is difficult to control in central India because of geographical terrain, efficient vectors, and perennial transmission of Plasmodium falciparum and socio-cultural practices of ethnic tribes. The objective was to develop a model to prevent and control malaria in hard to reach areas using existing tools. Baigachak (Tribe population 31,900) situated in Dindori district was undertaken for this study. Read More

    Tinea capitis-like infection caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in a shelter for African Refugee Children in Northern Israel.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 13;179:44-46. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Dermatology Unit, Baruch Padeh Medical Center, Poriya, Israel; Department of Dermatology Sheba Medical Center Hospital - Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Rhodotorula is a genus of unicellular pigmented yeasts, part of the division Basidiomycota. In this article, we report three cases of refugee children in a day care shelter in northern Israel who were clinically diagnosed and treated empirically as with ringworm infection but with clean and exclusive growth of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in repeated cultures of several skin samples. Skin infections caused by this yeast are rare and there are few reports in the literature, mainly in patients who are immunocompromised. Read More

    Cystic echinococcosis in Jordan: A review of causative species, previous studies, serological and radiological diagnosis.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 12;179:10-16. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Faculty of Medicine, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Cystic echinococcosis (CE)/hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease which occur in human and herbivore animals as a result of infection with the larval stage of the taeniid cestode Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s. l.). Read More

    Factors responsible for the post-slaughter loss of carcass and offal's in abattoirs in South Africa.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 7;178:303-310. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Department of Livestock and Pasture Science, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa.
    Global demand for food is surging upward due to the expansion of human population. Hence food production and supply need to double with little or no waste to meet this demand. Food loss at any point in the farm to fork chain inhibits the stability of food security at household and national level. Read More

    Perceptions, knowledge, attitudes and practices for the prevention and control of lymphatic filariasis in Conakry, Republic of Guinea.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 7;179:109-116. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.
    Little is known about the perceptions, attitudes and practices of lymphatic filariasis in Conakry, Republic of Guinea. Yet, such knowledge is important for an optimal design and implementation of setting-specific prevention and control measures. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a mixed methods approach. Read More

    Andean cutaneous leishmaniasis (Andean-CL, uta) in Peru and Ecuador: the vector Lutzomyia sand flies and reservoir mammals.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 7;178:264-275. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Division of Medical Zoology, Department of Infection and Immunity, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.
    The vector Lutzomyia sand flies and reservoir host mammals of the Leishmania parasites, causing the Andean cutaneous leishmaniasis (Andean-CL, uta) in Peru and Ecuador were thoroughly reviewed, performing a survey of literatures including our unpublished data. The Peruvian L. (V. Read More

    Captive-bred neotropical birds diagnosed with Cryptosporidium Avian genotype III.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 6;178:297-302. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Department of Animal Parasitology, Veterinary Institute, BR 465, Km 07, 23.890-000, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Currently, there are only three valid species of Cryptosporidium infecting avian hosts, namely, Cryptosporidium meleagridis, Cryptosporidium baileyi, Cryptosporidium galli and Cryptosporidium avium in addition to 12 genotypes of unknown species status. The objectives of this study were to microscopically diagnose the presence of Cryptosporidium in birds from a commercial aviary located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; genotypically characterize species and/or genotypes of genus Cryptosporidum; and conduct sequencing and phylogenetic analyses to compare the obtained DNA sequences with those deposited in GenBank. A total of 85 fecal samples were collected from wild captive-bred birds: 48 of family Psittacidae and 37 of family Ramphastidae. Read More

    CCR5 chemokine receptor gene polymorphisms in ocular toxoplasmosis.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 6;178:276-280. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Immunogenetics Laboratory, Molecular Biology Department, Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil; Toxoplasma Research Group, Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    CC chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) is a chemokine receptor that influences the immune response to infectious and parasitic diseases. This study aimed to determine whether the CCR5Δ32 and CCR5 59029 A/G polymorphisms are associated with the development of ocular toxoplasmosis in humans. Patients with positive serology for Toxoplasma gondii were analyzed and grouped as 'with ocular toxoplasmosis' (G1: n=160) or 'without ocular toxoplasmosis' (G2: n=160). Read More

    Isolation and molecular characterization of Leishmania infantum in urine from patients with visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 6;178:248-251. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Graduate Program in Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Faculdade de Medicina, Unidade IX, Caixa postal 549, Campo Grande, MS 79070-900, Brazil.
    Leishmania infantum is a protozoan that causes visceral leishmaniasis, a potentially deadly neglected tropical disease. The gold standard for diagnosis has traditionally been detection of amastigotes in bone marrow or spleen aspirates, but this is an invasive procedure that carries the risk of serious complications. Newer PCR techniques are opening new avenues and tissues for testing. Read More

    Detection of Latino virus (Arenaviridae: Mammarenavirus) naturally infecting Calomys callidus.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 5;179:17-24. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Laboratório de Hantaviroses e Rickettsioses, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21040-360 RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Mammarenavirus species are associated with a specific rodent host species, although an increasing number of virus has been associated to more than one host, suggesting that co-evolution is less robust than initially thought. There are few eco-epidemiological studies of South America mammarenaviruses in non-endemic areas of Arenavirus Hemorrhagic Fever, affecting specially our current knowledge about animal reservoirs and virus range and host-virus relations. In Brazil, seven arenavirus species were described in seven different rodent species. Read More

    New records of 13 species of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Myanmar.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 5;178:281-289. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.
    A faunistic survey of black flies in Shan State, central Myanmar, was carried out in 2013. A total of 16 species were collected, of which 13 species are newly recorded from Myanmar. Among 13 newly recorded species, S. Read More

    Adiponectin levels and insulin resistance among patients with chronic hepatitis C.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 5;178:258-263. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40170115, Rua Barão de Jeremoabo 147, Salvador, BA, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with insulin resistance (IR), rapid disease progression, and decreased virological response to antiviral treatment. In addition, obesity is a risk factor for chronic hepatitis C evolution and is associated with IR. As adiponectin is an adipokine that is associated with obesity and IR, this study aimed to investigate serum levels of adiponectin among patients with HCV infection and IR. Read More

    Evaluation of rapid PfHRP-2/pLDH-based tests in diagnosing microscopy-confirmed falciparum malaria in Hodeidah governorate, Yemen.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 5;178:252-257. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Al-Baha University, Al-Baha, KSA, Saudi Arabia.
    Along with the determination of malaria infection rate among suspected patients attending hospitals in Hodeidah governorate, the present study evaluated the accuracy of Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein-2 (PfHRP-2)/parasite-specific lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH)-based rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for the diagnosis of microscopy-confirmed falciparum malaria. An overall malaria infection rate of 19.3% (57/295) among suspected patients attending hospitals was microscopically confirmed. Read More

    Major epidemiological factors associated with leptospirosis in Malaysia.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 5;178:242-247. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Bacteriology Lab, Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor, 43400, Malaysia; Veterinary Services Division, Ministry of Animal Health and Fisheries Development, Usman Faruk Secretariat Complex, 840245, Sokoto, Nigeria.
    Introduction: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by a diverse pathogenic leptospira species and serovars. The disease is transmitted directly following contact with infected urine and other body fluids or indirectly after contact with water or soil contaminated with infected urine.

    Objectives: While a wide range of domestic and wild animals are known to be reservoirs of the disease, occupation, international travel and recreation are beginning to assume a center stage in the transmission of the disease. Read More

    Serological evidence of Bovine herpesvirus-1, Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus and Schmallenberg virus infections in relation to reproductive disorders in dairy cattle in Ethiopia.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 5;178:236-241. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 8146 Dep., N-0033 Oslo, Norway.
    Reproductive disorders in dairy cattle have been noted to be common in urban and peri-urban dairy production system in Ethiopia. The available reports on the causes of these disorders, however, are not conclusive. A case-control study was designed to investigate the possible association of major reproductive disorders in dairy cattle with exposure status to bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV). Read More

    Effect of (-)-epicatechin, a flavonoid on the NO and NOS activity of Raillietina echinobothrida.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 5;178:311-317. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    AcSIR, Bioinformatics Facility Center, CSIR-NEIST, Jorhat, 785006, Assam, India.
    (-)-Epicatechin, a natural flavonoid reportedly has huge pharmacological properties. In this study the cestocide effect of (-)-epicatechin is demonstrated in Raillietina echinobothrida. Although the antiparasitic activity of (-)-epicatechin has been demonstrated against protozoa, helminths and ectoparasites, in the present study the cestocide activity of (-)-epicatechin is shown to be related to a decrease in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and nitric oxide (NO) production. Read More

    Occurrence of Acanthamoeba genotypes in Central West Malaysian environments.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 2;178:219-228. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Departmentof Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Tingkat 13, Menara B, Persiaran MPAJ, Jalan Pandan Utama, Pandan Indah, 55100Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Acanthamoeba species are ubiquitous free-living protozoa that can be found worldwide. Occasionally, it can become parasitic and the causative agent of acanthamoebic keratitis (AK) and Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis (GAE) in man. A total of 160 environmental samples and 225 naturally-infected animal corneal swabs were collected for Acanthamoeba cultivation. Read More

    Heterogeneous distribution of Culex pipiens, Culex quinquefasciatus and their hybrids along the urbanisation gradient.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 2;178:229-235. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Laboratorio de Ecología de Enfermedades Transmitidas por Vectores (2eTV), 3iA, General San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    The mosquitoes of the Culex pipiens complex, hereafter referred to as the Pipiens Assemblage, are vectors of arbovirus of worldwide concern including West Nile and St. Louis encephalitis. Given their distinct eco-physiology and vectorial capacity, accurate specimen identification and insight in the environmental drivers of their distribution are essential for the understanding of disease transmission patterns. Read More

    Dengue endemic and its impact on the gross national product of BRAZILIAN'S economy.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 2;178:318-326. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Federal Fluminense University, Brazil.
    In history disease has caused social and economic damage. Dengue is an illness typically found in the tropics that has affected more and more people. In Brazil, according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in 2013 at least 12. Read More

    Leptospira reservoirs among wildlife in Brazil: Beyond rodents.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 29;178:205-212. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Center for Medicine and Wildlife Research (CEMPAS), School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (FMVZ), São Paulo State University (UNESP), Rubião Jr. 18618-681, Botucatu, São Paulo State, Brazil.
    Leptospirosis is a disease of great importance in tropical regions. Infection occurs mainly through contact with water contaminated with the urine of infected animals, especially that of rodents. Despite the diversity and abundance of wild fauna in Brazil, little is known about the role of other wild species in the epidemiology of leptospirosis. Read More

    Behavioral asymmetries in ticks - Lateralized questing of Ixodes ricinus to a mechatronic apparatus delivering host-borne cues.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 28;178:176-181. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, 56025 Pontedera, Pisa, Italy; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Robotics Institute, Khalifa University PO Box, 127788, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
    Ticks are considered among the most dangerous arthropod vectors of disease agents to both humans and animals worldwide. Lateralization contributes to biological fitness in many animals, conferring important functional advantages, therefore studying its role in tick perception would critically improve our knowledge about their host-seeking behavior. In this research, we evaluated if Ixodes ricinus (L. Read More

    Molluscicidal activity of Manilkara subsericea (Mart.) dubard on Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818).
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 2;178:163-168. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Laboratório de Avaliação e Promoção da Saúde Ambiental. Fiocruz. Brasil Avenue, 4365, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Schistosomiasis is promoted for species from Schistosoma genus affecting over 200 million people worldwide. Molluscicides are an efficient method to control this disease, being able to reduce intermediate host snail Biomphalaria glabrata number. In function of resistance cases using niclosamide, natural products are promisors to discover new drugs. Read More

    Opisthorchis felineus infection prevalence in Western Siberia: A review of Russian literature.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 27;178:196-204. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Postfach, 4002, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, 4001, Basel, Switzerland.
    In this study we reviewed Russian scientific literature (scientific publications, book chapters, monographs) published between 1 January 1979 and 31 August 2015 from two sources: Main database of the Russian Scientific Electronic Library (eLIBRARY, http://elibrary.ru/), and the Scientific Medical Library of Siberian State Medical University (http://medlib.tomsk. Read More

    New paleoparasitological investigations from the pre-inca to hispanic contact period in northern Chile.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 27;178:290-296. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    LABTRIP, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (IOC/FIOCRUZ), Av. Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21040-900, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Paleoparasitological studies have demonstrated that changes in environment or culture are reflected in the patterns of parasitic infection diseases in populations worldwide. The advent of agriculture and animal domestication, with its accompanying reduction in human mobility and expanding population involves changes in or emergence of, parasites, the so-called first epidemiological transition. Cultural processes related to territory occupation contribute to both loss and acquisition of parasites. Read More

    Potential risk of a liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini infection brought by immigrants from prevalent areas: A case study in the lower Northern Thailand.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 6;178:213-218. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    The Office of Disease Prevention and Control 9, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand. Electronic address:
    Considering the long lifespan of the liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini, human mobility from prevalent regions to other neighboring areas has the possibility to disperse carriers and complicate the opisthorchiasis problem. To evaluate this, mass screening of the fluke infection was conducted in nine communities of lower Northern Thailand, combined with a questionnaire survey to distinguish the participant's origin. The liver fluke infection was found in 70 individuals (7. Read More

    Sero-prevalence of Bovine Brucellosis and associated risk factors in mbeya region, Southern highlands of Tanzania.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 27;178:169-175. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 3239, Lusaka, Zambia.
    A cross-sectional study was conducted to establish the seroprevalence of brucellosis and associated risk factors in indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle from 178 farms in Mbeya region. A total of 1211 cattle (929exotic cattle from 108 commercial farms and 282 indigenous cattle from 70 traditional farms) were tested for Brucella antibodies using the Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (c-ELISA) as screening and confirmatory tests, respectively. The overall animal-level seroprevalence was 9. Read More

    Mapping the spatial distribution of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 27;178:155-162. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:
    Mosquito-borne infectious diseases, such as Rift Valley fever, Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika, have caused mass human death with the transnational expansion fueled by economic globalization. Simulating the distribution of the disease vectors is of great importance in formulating public health planning and disease control strategies. In the present study, we simulated the global distribution of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus at a 5×5km spatial resolution with high-dimensional multidisciplinary datasets and machine learning methods Three relatively popular and robust machine learning models, including support vector machine (SVM), gradient boosting machine (GBM) and random forest (RF), were used. Read More

    Toxicity of Usnic Acid from Cladonia substellata (Lichen) to embryos and adults of Biomphalaria glabrata.
    Acta Trop 2017 Nov 26;179:39-43. Epub 2017 Nov 26.
    Departamento de Bioquímica-CB, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, S/N, Cidade Universitária, 50670-420, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:
    This study reports the molluscicidal activity of usnic acid isolated from Cladonia substellata Vanio (lichen) on embryos at various stages of development and in adult mollusks of Biomphalaria glabrata. The toxicity of usnic acid was also evaluated through Artemia salina larvae mortality. Usnic acid was extracted with diethyl ether, isolated, purified, and its structure confirmed by analyzing the spectra of proton nuclear magnetic resonance. Read More

    Identification of an area predominantly endemic for childhood and adolescent visceral leishmaniasis in central Sudan.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 26;178:142-147. Epub 2017 Nov 26.
    Laboratory of Biomedical Research, Ahfad University for Women, P.O. Box 167, Omdurman, Sudan. Electronic address:
    Although widely spread throughout Sudan, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is predominantly endemic in the Gedaref, southern Blue-Nile, and Umrimta areas located in the eastern, southern, and central regions, respectively. Regardless of form (endemic or epidemic), VL occurrence follows similar patterns as all ages and both sexes are affected. From January 2005 to May 2016, we received a total of 563 patients with high suspicion for VL from various endemic areas; 159 were children and adolescents (0. Read More

    A retrospective study of human cystic echinococcosis in Basrah province, Iraq.
    Acta Trop 2018 Feb 26;178:130-133. Epub 2017 Nov 26.
    China-Australia Joint Research and Training Center for Veterinary Epidemiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China; College of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.
    Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a parasitic zoonosis with serious clinical burden and constitutes a challenge to public health in endemic areas worldwide. We performed a retrospective study to investigate the occurrence of CE in patients at six hospitals in Basrah province, Iraq. In the current study setting, data retrieval and validation of the quality of hospital records was very challenging considering the difficult situation Iraq is unfortunately facing. Read More

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