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    5387 results match your criteria Acta tropica[Journal]

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    Molecular typing and phylogeny of Wolbachia: A study from Assam, North-Eastern part of India.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 19. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Entomology & Filariasis Division, Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), NER, Dibrugarh, Assam, India.
    Background: Wolbachia are maternally inherited endosymbiotic alphaproteobacteria, infecting 40-75% of arthropod species. Knowledge on distribution of native strains infecting mosquito vectors from endemic regions is essential for successful implementation of vector control interventions utilizing potential strains of Wolbachia. Study identified various native strains of Wolbachia inhabiting different mosquito species from field and colonised conditions of Assam. Read More

    Morphology of immature stages of blow fly, Lucilia sinensis Aubertin (Diptera: Calliphoridae), a potential species of forensic importance.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 19. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. Electronic address:
    Lucilia sinensis Aubertin (Diptera: Calliphoridae) is a blow fly species of potential forensic importance since adults are attracted to, and colonize, decomposing vertebrate remains. Blow fly larvae associated with human corpses can be useful evidence in forensic investigations; however, their use is dependent in most cases on proper species identification and availability of developmental data. For identification, morphological information on each life stage is traditionally used. Read More

    Seroprevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis infection among HTLV-I infected blood donors in Barcelona, Spain: a cross-sectional study.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 19. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, PROSICS Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Strongyloides stercoralis infection in patients with HTLV-I infection may lead to severe clinical manifestations. The aim of the present study is to determine the seroprevalence of S. stercoralis infection among blood donors who tested positive for HTLV-I infection. Read More

    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box. 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.
    Among tick-borne diseases, bovine anaplasmosis and babesiosis are considered to be one of the most important in ruminants worldwide, causing significant economic losses in tropical and subtropical areas. This cross-sectional study was therefore undertaken from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives to assess the prevalence and potential risk factors associated with bovine anaplasmosis and babesiosis and also to identify the vectors involved in transmission of these diseases in and around Jimma town, south western Ethiopia. A simple random sampling technique was employed for selecting a sampling unit and logistic regression was used to determine the association of hypothesized risk factors with positivity for bovine anaplasmosis and/or babesiosis. Read More

    Altitudinal variation and bio-climatic variables influencing the potential distribution of Culicoides orientalis Macfie, 1932, suspected vector of Bluetongue virus across the North Eastern Himalayan belt of Sikkim.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Diptera Section, Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata, 700 053, India.
    Culicoides orientalis was first recorded from Sikkim, in the year 1963, but no evidence based disease outbreak were available. In the last 50 years, 260 Bluetongue disease outbreaks caused by Culicoides species have been evidenced from India. Moreover, in recent years with increase of average temperature worldwide and increase in longevity of arthropod vectors like Culicoides along with a geographical range shift to new suitable warmer regions has increased the potentiality of vector borne disease outbreak throughout the world. Read More

    Vaccination with a DNA vaccine encoding Toxoplasma gondii ROP54 induces protective immunity against toxoplasmosis in mice.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi Province 712100, PR China. Electronic address:
    Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular protozoan, which infects most of the warm-blooded animals, causing serious public health problems and enormous economic losses worldwide. The rhoptry effector protein 54 (ROP54) has been indicated as a virulence factor that promotes Toxoplasma infection by modulating GBP2 loading onto parasite-containing vacuoles, which can modulate some aspects of the host immune response. In order to evaluate the immuno-protective value of ROP54, we constructed a eukaryotic recombinant plasmid expressing T. Read More

    Putative new genera and species of avian schistosomes potentially involved in human cercarial dermatitis in the Americas, Europe and Africa.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    University of New Mexico, Museum of Southwestern Biology Division of Parasites, Department of Biology, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87111, USA.
    New larval avian schistosomes found in planorbid snails from Brazil and USA were used for morphological and molecular studies. Eggs with a distinctive long polar filament were found in ducks infected experimentally with Brazilian cercariae. Similar eggs were reported previously in wild or experimentally infected anatids from Brazil, South Africa, and the Czech Republic. Read More

    Prevalence, Risk Factors and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Test of Staphylococcus Aureus in Bovine Cross Breed Mastitic Milk in and Around Asella Town, Oromia Regional State, Southern Ethiopia.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia P.O. Box. 307 Jimma, Ethiopia. Electronic address:
    A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2016 to March 2017 in and around Asella town, Oromia regional state, southern Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence, associated risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, in Bovine cross breed mastitis milk. A total of 384 lactating dairy cows were screened for mastitis based on clinical examinations and California mastitis test (CMT). Out of 230 lactating crossbred cows with either clinical or subclinical mastitis examined for the involvement of Staphylococcus aureus. Read More

    Natural products applied against hydatid cyst protoscolices: A review of past to present.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:
    Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE), which is distributed all around the world. CE is one of the most important global parasitic infectious diseases, both in humans and animals. This parasite causes hydatid cysts that can be lodge at different organs of host such as liver, lung even in heart and brain which may lead to death. Read More

    Anti- Trypanosoma, Anti-Leishmania and cytotoxic activities of natural products from Psidium brownianum Mart. ex DC. and Psidium guajava var. Pomifera analysed by LC-MS.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Laboratório de Microbiologia e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Regional do Cariri, Crato, CE, Brasil. Electronic address:
    Neglected diseases are those that are prevalent in developing countries, even with a rich biodiversity. These diseases still persist because of the lack of scientific studies, government negligence or failures of the public health system. This study aims to identify the composition of extracts and fractions from Psidium brownianum and Psidium guajava through LC-MS, to evaluate its in vitro anti-parasitic and cytotoxic activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania brasiliensis and L. Read More

    A new black fly species of the Simulium (Gomphostilbia) epistum species-group (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Thailand.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 15. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.
    A new species of black fly, Simulium (Gomphostilbia) isanense, is described based on females, males, pupae and mature larvae from Thailand. This new species is placed in the Simulium epistum species-group of the subgenus Gomphostilbia Enderlein. It is characterized by the pupal gill with eight filaments arranged as 3+3+2 from dorsal to ventral, of which an inner filament of the ventral pair is slightly longer than its counter filament. Read More

    Recent advances in the genomic and molecular biology of Giardia.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 6. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Cell Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Microbiology Uppsala University Sweden, Sweden.
    Giardia duodenalis is the most common gastrointestinal protozoan parasite of humans and a significant contributor to the global burden of both diarrheal disease and post-infectious chronic disorders. Robust tools for analyzing gene function in this parasite have been developed and a range of genetic tools are now available. These together with public databases have provided insights on the function of different genes in Giardia. Read More

    Third record of Rhodnius amazonicus and comparative study with R. pictipes (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae).
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 5;176:364-372. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Araraquara, 14800-903 SP, Brazil.
    Rhodnius amazonicus Almeida et al. (1973) is a triatomine of rare occurrence. This species was found for the third time in Breves city, Pará state, Brazil. Read More

    Blastocystis subtypes detected in long-tailed macaques in Thailand-Further evidence of cryptic host specificity.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 5. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Division of Cell Biology, Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Rangsit Campus, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand.
    Blastocystis is an enteric parasitic protist with a widespread distribution in a variety of human and non-human hosts and supposedly a source of zoonotic transmission. This study aimed to determine the frequency and distribution of Blastocystis subtypes in free-ranging Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaques, LTMs) in Thailand. A total of 628 faecal samples were collected from free-ranging LTMs inhabiting fourteen tourist attraction sites in Thailand. Read More

    Discovery of human scFvs that cross-neutralize the toxic effects of B. jararacussu and C. d. terrificus venoms.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 5. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Accidents involving venomous snakes are a public health problem worldwide, causing a large number of deaths per year. In Brazil, the majority of accidents are caused by the Bothrops and Crotalus genera, which are responsible for approximately 80% of severe envenoming cases. The cross-neutralization of snake venoms by antibodies is an important issue for development of more effective treatments. Read More

    Animal African Trypanosomiasis in Nigeria: A long way from elimination/eradication.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 8;176:323-331. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Medical Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria. Electronic address:
    Animal African Trypanosomiasis (AAT) is a disease of livestock that directly hinders livestock production and therefore impedes the socio-economic development of sub-Saharan Africa. The establishment of the Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC) was to enhance the goal of elimination and eradication of tsetse flies and AAT from endemic countries in Africa. In order to achieve AAT eradication, a five-step progressive control pathway (PCP) model has been proposed. Read More

    Historical overview of infantile visceral leishmaniasis in El Agamy, Alexandria, Egypt.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 8;176:335-339. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo, 11566, Egypt.
    Infantile visceral leishmaniasis (IVL) is considered a rare and neglected disease in Egypt. An outbreak of the disease in El Agamy, Alexandria occurred in 1982 although the disease was previously reported 80 years before. Epidemiological and entomological studies were conducted ever since the 1982 outbreak to identify human cases, the parasite, reservoir host and the sand fly vector. Read More

    Assessing the insecticide susceptibility status of field population of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a hyperendemic area of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Esfahan Province, Central Iran.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 8;176:316-322. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Medical Entomology and Vector control, School of Public Health,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
    Leishmaniasis is a Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) and emerging parasitic infection that affect mainly poor regions around the world. This study aimed to determine the baseline susceptibility of Phlebotomus papatasi to commonly used insecticides in a hyper endemic area using WHO standard procedure in central Iran. A total of 4-5 replicates containing 120-200 sand flies were used for each insecticide. Read More

    Reprint of "Modelling the influence of temperature and rainfall on malaria incidence in four endemic provinces of Zambia using semiparametric Poisson regression".
    Acta Trop 2017 Nov 1;175:60-70. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Life Sciences, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa.
    Although malaria morbidity and mortality are greatly reduced globally owing to great control efforts, the disease remains the main contributor. In Zambia, all provinces are malaria endemic. However, the transmission intensities vary mainly depending on environmental factors as they interact with the vectors. Read More

    Reprint of "Epidemiology of brucellosis, Q Fever and Rift Valley Fever at the human and livestock interface in northern Côte d'Ivoire".
    Acta Trop 2017 Nov 1;175:121-129. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Northern Côte d'Ivoire is the main livestock breeding zone and has the highest livestock cross-border movements in Côte d'Ivoire. The aim of this study was to provide updated epidemiological data on three neglected zoonotic diseases, namely brucellosis, Q Fever and Rift Valley Fever (RVF). We conducted three-stage cross-sectional cluster surveys in livestock and humans between 2012 and 2014 in a random selection of 63 villages and a sample of 633 cattle, 622 small ruminants and 88 people. Read More

    A benzimidazole derivative (RCB15) in vitro induces the alternative energetic metabolism and glycolysis in Taenia crassiceps cysticerci.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 1;176:288-292. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Laboratory of studies of the host-parasite relationship, Tropical Pathology and Public Health Institute, Federal University of Goias, Brazil. Electronic address:
    The emergence of resistance to albendazole has encouraged the search for effective alternatives for cysticercosis and other parasitosis treatment. RCB15 is a benzimidazole derivative that may be used against such diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the in vitro effect of RCB15 on the alternative energetic pathways of Taenia crassiceps cysticerci. Read More

    Amblyomma ticks and future climate: Range contraction due to climate warming.
    Acta Trop 2017 Sep 1;176:340-348. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Laboratório de Parasitologia Médica e Biologia de Vetores da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Brasília, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, CEP: 70910-900, Brasília, Brazil.
    Ticks of the Amblyomma cajennense species complex are important vectors of spotted fever in Latin America. Environmental conditions determine the geographic distribution of ticks, such that climate change could influence the distribution of tick-borne diseases. This study aimed to analyze the potential geographic distribution of A. Read More

    Presence of a predator image in potential breeding sites and oviposition responses of a dengue vector.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 30. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation (IBEC), Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kuching, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia.
    In dengue vector control, attempts to minimize or replace the use of pesticides have mostly involved use of predators, but success has been severely impeded by difficulties associated with financial and environmental costs, predator mass production, and persistence in target habitats. Visual deterrents have been used successfully to control animal pests, in some cases in an effort to replace pesticide use. Despite evidence that visual signals are crucial in site choice for egg deposition by dengue vectors, and that female mosquitoes respond to artificial predation, the role of predator intimidation as it affects the oviposition behavior of dengue vectors remains largely unexplored. Read More

    First genotyping of Blastocystis sp. in dairy, meat, and cashmere goats in northwestern China.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 31;176:277-282. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    Blastocystis is one of the most common parasites inhabiting in small intestines of human and animals. Although its pathogenicity has been remaining controversial, the possibility of zoonotic transmission between human and animals was recognized. The goat was one of the most important economic animals supplying people with cashmere, meat, and dairy products. Read More

    In Vitro Effects of Amino Alcohols on Echinococcus granulosus.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 28. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, MOH, National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, WHO Collaborating Centre for Tropical Diseases, Shanghai 200025, China. Electronic address:
    Cystic echinococcosis is a globally distributed zoonotic disease, which is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcosus granulosus sensu lato. The chemotherapy of the disease is limited to the use of benzimidazoles. Recently, mefloquine and its analogues, aminoalcohol-carbazole, and some amino alcohol derivatives were reported to display inhibitory effects on parasites. Read More

    How do seasonality and host traits influence the distribution patterns of parasites on juveniles and adults of Columba livia?
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 30;176:305-310. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Programa de Pós-graduação em Parasitologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Parasites may influence host fitness and consequently exert a selective pressure on distinct phenotypes of the host population. This pressure can result in an evolutionary response, maintaining only individuals with certain traits in the population. The present study was aimed at identifying the morphological characteristics of juveniles and adults of Columba livia that may influence the distribution patterns of lice, Pseudolynchia canariensis and Haemoproteus columbae and how the populations of these parasites vary throughout the seasons of the year. Read More

    Molecular detection of Trypanosoma cruzi in acai pulp and sugarcane juice.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 30;176:311-315. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Centro de Parasitologia e Micologia, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi affects about 6-8 million people worldwide. Although transmission by triatomine insects has been controlled, other means of transmission maintain the infection. These forms of transmission are responsible for introducing Chagas disease in other non-endemic countries of the world. Read More

    First confirmed report of outbreak of theileriosis/anaplasmosis in a cattle farm in Henan, China.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 28. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. Electronic address:
    Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) impose a significant constraint to livestock production world widely. In this paper, we presented a case of TBD in a cattle farm in Henan, China. 35 blood samples (7 samples sent by veterinarian, 28 samples gathered by our colleagues) were collected from ill, surviving and asymptomatic cattle and microscopic observation and PCR assays were conducted to characterize the pathogens. Read More

    Understanding Giardia infections among rural communities using the one health approach.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 30;176:349-354. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Centre of Excellence for Research in AIDS (CERIA), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:
    The epidemiology of giardiasis in rural villages in Peninsular Malaysia was examined in the context of the One Health triad that encompasses humans, animals and environment (i.e. river water). Read More

    Morphology of the spermathecae of twelve species of Triatominae (Heteroptera, Reduviidae) vectors of Chagas disease.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 28. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    Universidade Estadual Júlio de Mesquita Filho (Unesp), Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, is transmitted by triatomines that have been described in a large number of studies. Most of those studies are related to external morphology and taxonomy, but some biochemical, genetic and physiological studies have also been published. There are a few publications in the literature about the internal organs of Triatominae, for instance the spermathecae, which are responsible for storing and maintaining the viability of the spermatozoids until the fertilization of the oocytes. Read More

    Modulation of transmission success of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes (sexual stages) in various species of Anopheles by erythrocytic asexual stage parasites.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 30;176:263-269. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Tropical Medicine, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases Research Center, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street (Mail code 8317), New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. Electronic address:
    During malaria infection, a small proportion of erythrocytic asexual stages undergo sexual differentiation. Male and female gametocytes ingested in the blood meal initiate the sexual development of malaria parasites in the mosquito midgut. During blood feeding on a host, a mosquito ingests, in addition to mature gametocytes, host immune factors present in the blood, as well as large excess of erythrocytic asexual stages. Read More

    Impact of old Schistosomiasis infection on the use of transient elastography (Fibroscan) for staging of fibrosis in chronic HCV patients.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 26;176:283-287. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Endemic Medicine and Hepatogastroentrology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 11562, Egypt.
    Background And Aim: In tropical regions, Hepatitis C virus (HCV) - Schistosomiasis coinfection remains one of the health problems. With the new era of HCV treatment and the variety of methods of assessment of liver fibrosis so we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of FibroScan for staging hepatic fibrosis in HCV-Schistosomiasis coinfected patients.

    Methodology: Three groups of patients were enrolled. Read More

    New Trypanosoma species, Trypanosoma gennarii sp. nov., from South American marsupial in Brazilian Cerrado.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 25;176:249-255. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Universidade Santo Amaro, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Hundreds of trypanosome species have been described in all mammalian orders, on every continent, including with mixed infections. Trypanosomes circulate in the form of sylvatic enzootic infections transmitted by blood-sucking insects that are associated with the host mammals. Small wild mammals were caught in a fragment of Cerrado terrain on an island in the hydroelectric reservoir of Três Marias, in the central region of the state of Minas Gerais, using pitfall and Sherman traps with different means of attraction. Read More

    Determination of multiple-clone infection at allelic dimorphism site of Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein-1 in the Republic of Korea by pyrosequencing assay.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 25;176:300-304. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu 41944, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Allelic diversity leading to multiple gene polymorphisms of vivax malaria parasites has been shown to greatly contribute to antigenic variation and drug resistance, increasing the potential for multiple-clone infections within the host. Therefore, to identify multiple-clone infections and the predominant haplotype of Plasmodium vivax in a South Korean population, P. vivax merozoite surface protein-1 (PvMSP-1) was analyzed by pyrosequencing. Read More

    Intestinal parasitic infections: Current prevalence and risk factors among schoolchildren in capital area of the Republic of Marshall Islands.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 26;176:242-248. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Department of Molecular Parasitology and Tropical Diseases, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Division of Tropical Medicine, International Master/PhD Program in Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Master Program in Global Health and Development, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) among schoolchildren in Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI) largely remains unknown, thus investigation on IPIs status to establish the baseline data is urgently needed. This cross-sectional study intended to investigate the current IPIs status and associated risk factors among schoolchildren at capital of RMI. Single stool sample from 400 schoolchildren (207 boys and 193 girls) aged 9. Read More

    Profiling gene expression of antimony response genes in Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis and infected macrophages and its relationship with drug susceptibility.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 24;176:355-363. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Centro Internacional de Entrenamiento e Investigaciones Médicas (CIDEIM), Carrera 125 No. 19-225 Cali, Colombia. Electronic address:
    The mechanisms of Leishmania resistance to antimonials have been primarily determined in experimentally derived Leishmania strains. However, their participation in the susceptibility phenotype in field isolates has not been conclusively established. Being an intracellular parasite, the activity of antileishmanials is dependent on internalization of drugs into host cells and effective delivery to the intracellular compartments inhabited by the parasite. Read More

    Leishmania tropica infected human lesions: Whole genome transcription profiling.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 24;176:236-241. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Immunotherpy and Leishmania Vaccine Research Dept., Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
    Leishmania (L.) tropica is the main causative agent of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Iran. Defining the host inflammatory response in the L. Read More

    Proteomic analysis of Taenia hydatigena cyst fluid reveals unique internal microenvironment.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 24;176:224-227. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, CAAS, Lanzhou 730046, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou 225009, China. Electronic address:
    Taenia hydatigena is a parasitic flatworm that is widely distributed around the world. Using MS/MS, the proteome of T. hydatigena cyst fluid (CF) was profiled and a total of 520 proteins were identified, 430 of which were of sheep origin. Read More

    Prevalence and Identity of Taenia multiceps cysts "Coenurus cerebralis" in Sheep in Egypt.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 16;176:270-276. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Laboratory of Sustainable Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 232-3 Yomogida, Naruko-onsen, Osaki, Miyagi, 989-6711, Japan. Electronic address:
    Coenurosis is a parasitic disease caused by the larval stage (Coenurus cerebralis) of the canids cestode Taenia multiceps. C. cerebralis particularly infects sheep and goats, and pose a public health concerns. Read More

    Screening and evaluation of lymphatic filariasis in immigrants from endemic countries residing in a focus where it is considered eliminated in the Southern Region of Brazil: A risk of reemergence?
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 16;176:192-196. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Universidade Comunitária da Região de Chapecó - Unochapecó, Faculdade de Medicina, Chapecó, SC, Brazil; Médica Infectologista, Hospital Unimed Chapecó, Brazil.
    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) has been targeted by the World Health Organization for elimination by the year 2020. However, migration of infected individuals from areas where LF is endemic to areas considered non-endemic or foci for the control and elimination may jeopardize the achievement of this goal. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the occurrence of filarial infection by way of circulating filarial antigen (CFA) circulation using the point of care AD12-immunochromatography card (POC-ICT) among immigrants from Haiti residing in Chapecó, Santa Catarina, between May and October 2015. Read More

    Molecular characterization of the gene profile of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner isolated from Brazilian ecosystems and showing pathogenic activity against mosquito larvae of medical importance.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 16;176:197-205. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Programa de Pós-Graduação em Entomologia, Laboratório de Malária e Dengue, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Avenida André Araújo, 2936, Petrópolis, Manaus, Amazonas, 69067-375, Brazil.
    The occurrence of Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus, and mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles potentiate the spread of several diseases, such as dengue, Zika, chikungunya, urban yellow fever, filariasis, and malaria, a situation currently existing in Brazil and in Latin America. Control of the disease vectors is the most effective tool for containing the transmission of the pathogens causing these diseases, and the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis has been widely used and has shown efficacy over many years. Read More

    Leptospirosis: Molecular trial path and immunopathogenesis correlated with dengue, malaria and mimetic hemorrhagic infections.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 16;176:206-223. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang Selangor, Malaysia; Genetics and Regenerative Medicine Research Centre, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Electronic address:
    Immuno-pathogenesis of leptospirosis can be recounted well by following its trail path from entry to exit, while inducing disastrous damages in various tissues of the host. Dysregulated, inappropriate and excessive immune responses are unanimously blamed in fatal leptospirosis. The inherent abilities of the pathogen and inabilities of the host were debated targeting the severity of the disease. Read More

    Cross-sectional analysis of the association between bedtime and malaria exposure in the Ouest and Sud-Est Departments of Haiti.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 14;176:188-191. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic have a binational agreement to work towards malaria elimination for the island of Hispaniola by the year 2020. Understanding malaria-related knowledge and behaviors can help inform elimination efforts. This study examined the association between social-behavioral factors, like bedtime and bed net ownership, with malaria seroconversion status among people in the Ouest and Sud-Est departments of Haiti. Read More

    Wild populations of Triatoma infestans: Compilation of positive sites and comparison of their ecological niche with domestic population niche.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 15;176:228-235. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    Instituto Altos Estudios Espaciales Mario Gulich, Universidad Nacional Córdoba-CONAE, Ruta C45 Km 8, Falda del Cañete, 5187 Córdoba, Argentina.
    Background: For several years, the wild populations of Triatoma infestans, main vector of Trypanosoma cruzi causing Chagas disease, have been considered or suspected of being a source of reinfestation of villages. The number of sites reported for the presence of wild T. infestans, often close to human habitats, has greatly increased, but these data are scattered in several publications, and others obtained by our team in Bolivia have not been published yet. Read More

    Schistosomiasis: Drugs used and treatment strategies.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 10;176:179-187. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Laboratório de Tecnologia dos Medicamentos, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Professor Artur de Sá, CEP 50740-521, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect millions of people in different geographic regions, especially the poorest and most vulnerable. Currently NTDs are prevalent in 149 countries, seventeen of these neglected tropical parasitic diseases are classified as endemic. One of the most important of these diseases is schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, a disease caused by the genus Schistosoma. Read More

    Effect of cold argon plasma on eggs of the blow fly, Lucilia cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae).
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 9;176:173-178. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand. Electronic address:
    Non-thermal plasma has been used in many medical applications, including treatment of living cells, blood coagulation, wound healing, and sterilization. The process uses an environmentally friendly gas (e.g. Read More

    Antibiotic susceptibilities and prevalence of Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from bovine milk in Pakistan.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 7;176:168-172. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000, Pakistan.
    The study was designed to investigate bovine milk for prevalence of an emerging zoonotic pathogen Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and in-vitro therapeutic response of various antibiotics against MRSA. Nine hundred (900) milk samples were collected (half from cattle and half from buffalo) from private and public farms located in various tehsils of district Faisalabad, using the convenient sampling method. Milk samples were put to biochemical identification of Staphylococcus aureus and later oxacilline disk sensitivity testing for confirmation of MRSA. Read More

    Elevated seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in AIDS/HIV patients: A meta-analysis.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 4;176:162-167. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, Anhui, China; Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Major Autoimmune Diseases, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, Anhui, China. Electronic address:
    Clinical toxoplasmosis in AIDS/HIV patients is a great public health concern around the world. Untreated Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii)-infections are often fatal in AIDS/HIV patients. Read More

    New Haemoproteus parasite of parrots, with remarks on the virulence of haemoproteids in naive avian hosts.
    Acta Trop 2017 Aug 4;176:256-262. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Institute of Animal Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Länggassstrasse 122, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.
    Haemoproteus infections can cause fatal disease in parrots (Psittaciformes), one of the most endangered groups of birds. The great diversity of parrots in tropical and subtropical ecosystems has been markedly understudied in terms of their parasite diversity. Only two psittacine Haemoproteus species have been described. Read More

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