8,716 results match your criteria Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica[Journal]


Moderate alcohol consumption and depression - a longitudinal population-based study in Sweden.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background And Aims: The inter-relationship between alcohol consumption and depression is complex and the direction of the association is unclear. We investigated whether alcohol consumption influences the risk of depression while accounting for this potential bi-directionality.

Methods: A total of 10,441 individuals participated in the PART study in 1998-2000; 8,622 in 2001-2003 and 5,228 in 2010. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/acps.13034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13034DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Is stigma preventing knowledge translation and utilization of electroconvulsive therapy for depression?

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

We welcome the recent publication of Dr. Munkholm's insightful letter to the editor outlining his concerns of our meta-analysis comparing the effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in unipolar major depression (MDD) and bipolar major depression (BD). Despite its established efficacy and safety profile, the use of ECT remains a highly controversial and stigmatized practice - even among psychiatrists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13035DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Has the time come to treat depression with anti-inflammatory medication?

Authors:
L Brundin E Achtyes

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 May;139(5):401-403

Division of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13031DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Short duration of untreated psychosis enhances negative symptom remission in extended early intervention service for psychosis.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To test whether duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) <3 months, recommended by the World Health Organization/International Early Psychosis Association, enhances the effects of an extended early intervention service (EEIS) on symptom remission.

Method: We examined data from a randomized controlled trial in which patients who received two-years of treatment in EIS for psychosis were subsequently randomized to either three-years of EEIS or three-years of regular care (RC). Using a DUP cut-off ≤12 weeks (approximately <3 months), patients were split into two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13033DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Severe childhood trauma and clinical and neurocognitive features in Schizotypal Personality Disorder.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York, USA.

Objective: Literature suggests that childhood trauma increases vulnerability for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, including Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD). Yet, it remains unexplored whether childhood trauma predicts symptom load and the level of neurocognitive functioning in SPD.

Method: We included 225 individuals with SPD and 127 healthy controls. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/acps.13032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13032DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

In utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and development of mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Psychosis Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: Several studies have investigated whether in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is associated with increased risk of developing mental or behavioural disorders. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis based on this literature.

Methods: A systematic search of eligible literature in PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO and subsequent meta-analysis was conducted in adherence with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13030DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Incidence of medically treated depression in Denmark among individuals 15-44 years old: a comprehensive overview based on population registers.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

National Center for Register-Based Research, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: Examine the overall incidence of medically treated depression in Denmark among individuals 15-44 years old, and estimate the 5-year cumulative incidence of psychiatric hospital care among individuals treated first in non-hospital-based care.

Methods: We followed all individuals born in Denmark between 1969 and 1998 from age 15 or 2006 (whichever came first) until first depression treatment; death; emigration; or December 31, 2013. Incidence rates were estimated using Poisson regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13028DOI Listing

Is the association between maternal stress during pregnancy and the child's depression partly causal, and what should we do about it?

Authors:
V Glover

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr;139(4):301-303

Imperial College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13015DOI Listing

Cerebellar GABAergic correlates of cognition-mediated verbal fluency in physiology and schizophrenia.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Neuropsychiatry Laboratory, IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy.

Objective: Defective cerebellar GABAergic inhibitory control may participate to the cognitive impairments seen in SZ. We tested the prediction of a model for the relationship between cerebellar GABA concentration and the associative/executive processes required by verbal fluency in patients with schizophrenia (SZ) and matched healthy controls (HC).

Method: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of GABA was performed using a 3 Tesla scanner and verbal fluency assessed by the Controlled Word (WFT) and Semantic (SFT) Fluency tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13027DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Oxidative and nitrosative stress markers in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 May 9;139(5):420-433. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Champalimaud Research and Clinical Centre, Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisboa, Portugal.

Objective: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic, prevalent, and highly impairing psychiatric illness. Although the pathophysiology of OCD remains unknown, pathways involved in oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS) have been implicated. The present study aims to systematically review the literature for quantitative evidence that patients with OCD have altered measures of blood O&NS markers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13026DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Caution should be advised when recommending increased use of ECT based on low-quality evidence.

Authors:
K Munkholm

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 May;139(5):485-486

Nordic Cochrane Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark.

On the basis of a meta-analysis that compared patients with unipolar depression against patients with bipolar depression who received electroconvulsive treatment (ECT), Bahji et al. (1) concluded that their findings supported increased utilization of ECT in patients with treatment-refractory bipolar depression and urged for more clinicians to use ECT in both unipolar and bipolar depression. However, due to several methodological limitations in their meta-analysis their recommendations do not seem supported by the evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13025DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

The association between mixed symptoms, irritability and functioning measured using smartphones in bipolar disorder.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 May 28;139(5):443-453. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Copenhagen Affective Disorder Research Center (CADIC), Psychiatric Center Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: To (i) validate patient-evaluated mixed symptoms and irritability measured using smartphones against clinical evaluations; (ii) investigate associations between mixed symptoms and irritability with stress, quality of life and functioning, respectively, in patients with bipolar disorder.

Methods: A total of 84 patients with bipolar disorder used a smartphone-based system for daily evaluation of mixed symptoms and irritability for nine months. Clinically evaluated symptoms, stress, quality of life and clinically rated functioning were collected multiple times during follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13021DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

The prevalence of mental disorders in incarcerated contact sexual offenders.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Objective: Mental disorders in sexual offenders are relevant in terms of risk assessment and psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatment.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted between 2001 and 2017 and included 1511 sexual offenders who were assessed at the Federal Evaluation Center for Sexual and Violent Offenders in the Austrian Prison System. All sexual offenders were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I (SCID I) and Axis II disorders (SCID II). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13024DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Multi-trajectories of antidepressant and antipsychotic use: a 11-year naturalistic study in a community-based sample.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

IRD, AP-HM, SSA, VITROME, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.

Objective: To explore the temporal dynamic of antidepressant and antipsychotic co-prescribing in real-life conditions.

Methods: The study was performed using reimbursement data from the French Insurance Healthcare system in a cohort of 118 454 persons with at least one dispensing of antidepressants and/or antipsychotics over the period 2006-2016. Latent class analyses were used to identify homogeneous groups of persons following similar multi-trajectories of antidepressant and/or antipsychotic dispensing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13020DOI Listing

Undiagnosed cardiovascular disease prior to cardiovascular death in individuals with severe mental illness.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Center for Clinical Documentation and Evaluation (SKDE), Tromsø, Norway.

Objective: To examine whether individuals with schizophrenia (SCZ) or bipolar disorder (BD) had equal likelihood of not being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease (CVD) prior to cardiovascular death, compared to individuals without SCZ or BD.

Methods: Multivariate logistic regression analysis including nationwide data of 72 451 cardiovascular deaths in the years 2011-2016. Of these, 814 had a SCZ diagnosis and 673 a BD diagnosis in primary or specialist health care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13017DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Efficacy of anti-inflammatory treatment on major depressive disorder or depressive symptoms: meta-analysis of clinical trials.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 May 28;139(5):404-419. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Copenhagen Research Center for Mental Health -CORE, Mental Health Center Copenhagen, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: No study has gathered evidence from all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) with anti-inflammatory drugs measuring antidepressant effects including a detailed assessment of side-effects and bias.

Methods: We performed a systematic review identifying RCTs published prior to January 1, 2018, studying antidepressant treatment effects and side-effects of pharmacological anti-inflammatory intervention in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) or depressive symptoms. Outcomes were depression scores after treatment, remission, response, and side-effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13016DOI Listing
May 2019
14 Reads

Counting the days from bipolar II to bipolar true!

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar;139(3):211-213

Northern Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12999DOI Listing

Social cognition in bipolar disorder: the role of sociodemographic, clinical, and neurocognitive variables in emotional intelligence.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr;139(4):369-380

Bipolar and Depressive Disorders Unit, Hospital Clinic, Institute of Neurosciences, University of Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Objective: The main aims of this study were to examine the differences in the Emotional Intelligence (EI), the emotional domain of social cognition (SC), between euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and healthy controls (HC) and to evaluate the contribution of sociodemographic, clinical, and neuropsychological variables to EI.

Methods: We recruited 202 patients with BD and 50 HC. EI was evaluated using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13014DOI Listing

Comorbidity of bipolar I disorder and conduct disorder: a familial risk analysis.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 18;139(4):361-368. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Pediatric Psychopharmacology Program, Division of Child Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: To investigate the association between pediatric bipolar I (BP-I) disorder and conduct disorder (CD) using familial risk analysis.

Method: We compared diagnoses in relatives of youth in four proband groups defined by the presence or absence of BP-I and CD: (1) probands with neither CD nor BP-I (probands: N = 550; relatives: N = 1656), (2) probands with CD and without BP-I (probands: N = 40; relatives: N = 127), (3) probands with BP-I and without CD (probands: N = 197; relatives: N = 579), and (4) probands with both CD and BP-I (probands: N = 176; relatives: N = 488). All subjects were evaluated with structured diagnostic interviews, and diagnoses of relatives were made blind to the diagnoses of probands. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acps.13013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13013DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

Hallucinations in patients with borderline personality disorder: characteristics, severity, and relationship with schizotypy and loneliness.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 May 25;139(5):434-442. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Objective: In patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), data are lacking on characteristics and severity of hallucinations in modalities other than the auditory (verbal) type. The same applies to relationships between hallucinations and the severity of depression, anxiety, schizotypy, and loneliness.

Methods: In 60 female patients with BPD (37 also with hallucinations), this cross-sectional study explored characteristics and severity of (i) hallucinations and (ii) schizotypal features, (iii) severity of depression and anxiety, and (iv) loneliness, and the relationships between hallucinations and the other characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13012DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Medication adherence in first episode psychosis: the role of pre-onset subthreshold symptoms.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr;139(4):336-347

Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychoses (PEPP-Montreal), Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Objective: The experience of pre-onset subthreshold psychotic symptoms (STPS, signifying a clinical high-risk state) in first episode psychosis (FEP) predicts poorer outcomes during treatment, possibly through differential adherence to medication. We explored whether adherence differs between FEP patients with and without pre-onset STPS.

Methods: Antipsychotic medication adherence was compared in 263 STPS+ and 158 STPS- subjects in a specialized early intervention program for FEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426680PMC

Investigating the causal relationship between neuroticism and depression via Mendelian randomization.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 17;139(4):395-397. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Aarhus Institute for Advanced Studies, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426667PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Challenging the promotion of antidepressants for nonsevere depression.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 8;139(3):294-295. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

INSERM CIC-P 1414 and University Hospital, Rennes, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13010DOI Listing
March 2019
5.605 Impact Factor

Does psychotherapy work? An umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar;139(3):296-297

Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13007DOI Listing

Depression and neuroticism decrease among women but not among men between 1976 and 2016 in Swedish septuagenarians.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 15;139(4):381-394. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Ageing and Health (AGECAP) at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objectives: We evaluated birth-cohort differences in depressive symptom burden, prevalence of depression diagnoses, and neuroticism, among Swedish 70-year-olds examined between 1976 and 2016.

Methods: We used a repeated cross-sectional design examining four representative population samples of Swedish 70-year-olds (total n = 2279) with identical methods in 1976-77 (n = 392), 1992-93 (n = 226), 2000-02 (n = 487), and 2014-16 (n = 1166). Depressive symptom burden was rated with the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acps.13005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13005DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Cardiovascular risk remains high in schizophrenia with modest improvements in bipolar disorder during past decade.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 19;139(4):348-360. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

NORMENT, KG Jebsen Centre for Psychosis Research, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: While CVD risk has decreased in the general population during the last decade, the situation in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) is unknown.

Methods: We compared CVD risk factors in patients with SCZ and BD recruited from 2002-2005 (2005 sample, N = 270) with patients recruited from 2006-2017 (2017 sample, N = 1011) from the same catchment area in Norway. The 2017 sample was also compared with healthy controls (N = 922) and the general population (N range = 1285-4587, Statistics Norway) from the same area and period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Alcohol and delirium tremens: effects of average number of drinks per day and beverage type.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: Associations of amount of alcohol intake and beverage type with the risk of delirium tremens (DT) have not been studied. This longitudinal study investigated if the average number of drinks per day and beverage type predict DT.

Methods: A cohort of 3 582 alcohol-dependent men and women aged 19-82 without previous DT were interviewed about alcohol intake and beverage type at baseline in 1994-2005 and followed through record linkage in Danish nationwide registers to identify incident DT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13006DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Parental alcohol use disorder with and without other mental disorders and offspring alcohol use disorder.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

The National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: To examine the association between parental alcohol use disorder (AUD) with and without other mental disorders and offspring AUD.

Methods: Using data from Danish nationwide registers, we identified 15 477 offspring with parental AUD and 154 392 reference individuals from the general population. Parental AUD was defined as registration for AUD treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13002DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

General hospital admission rates in people diagnosed with personality disorder.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar;139(3):248-255

Centre for Academic Mental Health, Department of Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objective: To determine the frequency of all-cause general hospital admissions for individuals with personality disorder (PD) in a large clinical population using linked secondary mental healthcare and hospitalisation data.

Method: A retrospective cohort study, using anonymised electronic mental health records from South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM), linked to Hospital Episodes Statistics in England. People with PD aged 15 years or older, receiving care within SLaM between April 2007 and March 2013, were identified and compared to residents from the local catchment area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13004DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Which actigraphic variables optimally characterize the sleep-wake cycle of individuals with bipolar disorders?

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar;139(3):269-279

INSERM U1144, Paris, France.

Objective: To examine which combination of objectively measured actigraphy parameters best characterizes the sleep-wake cycle of euthymic individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) compared with healthy controls (HC).

Methods: Sixty-one BD cases and 61 matched HC undertook 21 consecutive days of actigraphy. Groups were compared using discriminant function analyses (DFA) that explored dimensions derived from mean values of sleep parameters (Model 1); variability of sleep parameters (2); daytime activity (3); and combined sleep and activity parameters (4). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13003DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Placebo response rate is ruining drug development in psychiatry: why is this happening and what can we do about it?

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Feb;139(2):105-107

Arbor Scientia, Carlsbad, CA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13000DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

How to choose an antidepressant medication.

Authors:
A Bayes G Parker

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 27;139(3):280-291. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objective: We consider how to choose an antidepressant (AD) medication for the treatment of clinical depression.

Method: A narrative review was undertaken addressing antidepressant 'choice' considering a range of parameters either weighted by patients and clinicians or suggested in the scientific literature. Findings were synthesised and incorporated with clinical experience into a model to assist AD choice. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acps.13001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13001DOI Listing
March 2019
27 Reads
5.605 Impact Factor

Depression precedes, but does not follow, gestational diabetes.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 30;139(4):311-321. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Objectives: To determine whether past history of depression is associated with increased rates of gestational diabetes, and whether history of gestational diabetes is associated with increased rates of postpartum depression.

Research Design: Data for this case-control study consisted of de-identified chart records for 1439 women who received pregnancy care at a large university hospital between 1998 and 2017.

Results: A history of depression prior to pregnancy was associated with gestational diabetes requiring insulin, although not with subtler degrees of gestational hyperglycemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12998DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Anxiety and dementia: cause or effect?

Authors:
R Stewart

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Jan;139(1):3-5

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12992DOI Listing
January 2019

Patterns of altered regional brain glucose metabolism in borderline personality disorder and bipolar II disorder.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 6;139(3):256-268. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: The relationship between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar II disorder (BIP-II) is disputed but understudied. Here, we investigated brain glucose metabolism in these patient groups and healthy control subjects (HCs).

Methods: Sixty-five subjects, 22 BPD (19 females), 22 BIP-II (17 females), and 21 HC (14 females), were examined using 2-deoxy-2[18F]-fluoro-d-glucose positron-emission tomography (PET) scanning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12997DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The association between subjective maternal stress during pregnancy and offspring clinically diagnosed psychiatric disorders.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 4;139(4):304-310. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Psychology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Objective: Exposure to prenatal stress is a ubiquitous and non-specific risk factor for adverse outcomes in adulthood. In this study, we examined associations between exposure to subjective maternal stress during pregnancy and subsequent diagnosis of psychiatric disorders in offspring.

Method: This study used the Helsinki Longitudinal Temperament Cohort, a prospective birth cohort of individuals born between 1 July 1975 and 30 June 1976 in Helsinki, Finland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12996DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of inpatient psychotherapy for major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of controlled trials.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Apr 6;139(4):322-335. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of inpatient psychotherapy in major depressive disorders compared to control conditions.

Methods: In total, 14 studies were entered into the meta-analysis with a total of 1.080 patients. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acps.12995
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12995DOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

ECT beyond unipolar major depression: systematic review and meta-analysis of electroconvulsive therapy in bipolar depression.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 16;139(3):214-226. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Psychiatry, Providence Care Hospital, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Objective: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the response, remission, and speed of response in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder in depressive episode (BDD) receiving an acute course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) were quantitatively analyzed.

Methods: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines, 1660 citations were identified through five electronic databases. Nineteen articles met final inclusion criteria for meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12994DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Treatment of catatonia in autism spectrum disorders.

Authors:
L E Wachtel

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Jan 2;139(1):46-55. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: To review the treatment courses of 22 autistic patients diagnosed with catatonia over a 12-year period, including treatment with benzodiazepines and electroconvulsive therapy.

Method: Retrospective review of inpatient and outpatient records of 22 autistic youth presenting to a neurobehavioral service who were treated for catatonia.

Results: Six girls and 16 boys ranging from ages 8 to 26 years old presenting for neurobehavioral assessment were found to meet criteria for catatonia according to the DSM5 and were treated for such. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12980DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Clozapine and all-cause mortality in treatment-resistant schizophrenia: a historical cohort study.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar 16;139(3):237-247. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Institute of Psychiatry Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Objective: Large-scale epidemiological studies have demonstrated a protective effect of clozapine on mortality in people with schizophrenia. Clozapine is reserved for use in patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS), but evidence of clozapine's effect on mortality exclusively within TRS samples is inconclusive. Hence, we aimed to investigate the effect of clozapine use on all-cause mortality in TRS patients. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acps.12989
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12989DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

The 11-item and 14-item versions of the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Mar;139(3):292-293

Department of Affective Disorders, Aarhus University Hospital - Psychiatry, Skejby, Denmark.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12988DOI Listing
March 2019
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Is prison truly a good place to be cared for?

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Feb;139(2):206-207

CNRS UMR 9193, Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Sciences Affectives (SCALab-PsyCHIC), Univ. Lille, Lille, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12985DOI Listing
February 2019
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Severity, course trajectory, and within-person variability of individual symptoms in patients with major depressive disorder.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2019 Feb 9;139(2):194-205. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Depression shows a large heterogeneity of symptoms between and within persons over time. However, most outcome studies have assessed depression as a single underlying latent construct, using the sum score on psychometric scales as an indicator for severity. This study assesses longitudinal symptom-specific trajectories and within-person variability of major depressive disorder over a 9-year period. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acps.12987
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12987DOI Listing
February 2019
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