673,192 results match your criteria Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale[Journal]


Potential language bias in systematic reviews on the use of coercion in psychiatry.

Authors:
Tilman Steinert

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Ulm University, Centers for Psychiatry Suedwuerttemberg, Ravensburg, Germany.

Gooding and colleagues (1) present an international scoping review on studies that examined measures to reduce coercion in mental health services. The topic is of high interest and they conducted a wide search in a reasonable set of databases, yielding eventually 121 empirical research papers. 65 out of these papers, more than the half, stem from countries where English is spoken as native or official language (the latter applies to countries such as India or Ghana). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13199DOI Listing

Simultaneous determination of phenazopyridine HCl and trimethoprim in presence of phenazopyridine HCl impurity by univariate and multivariate spectrophotometric methods - Quantification of phenazopyridine HCl impurity by univariate methods.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2020 May 21;239:118516. Epub 2020 May 21.

Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science and Pharmaceutical Industries, Future University in Egypt, Cairo, Egypt.

Three univariate and two multivariate spectrophotometric methods were developed and subsequently validated to determine phenazopyridine HCl (PHZ) and trimethoprim (TMP) in the presence of 2,6-Diaminopyridine (2,6-DAP). The first univariate method depends on direct determination of phenazopyridine by measuring its absorbance at 412 nm and performed in concentration range of 1.00-10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2020.118516DOI Listing

Composite 5-methylations of cytosines modulate i-motif stability in a sequence-specific manner: Implications for DNA nanotechnology and epigenetic regulation of plant telomeric DNA.

Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 2020 May 31:129651. Epub 2020 May 31.

Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, Brno 625 00, Czechia. Electronic address:

Background: The i-motif is a tetrameric DNA structure based on the formation of hemiprotonated cytosine-cytosine (C.C) base pairs. i-Motifs are widely used in nanotechnology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2020.129651DOI Listing

Inosine 5'-diphosphate, a molecular decoy rescues Nucleoside diphosphate kinase from c-MYC G-Quadruplex unfolding.

Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 2020 May 31:129649. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Biophysics, Bose Institute, Centenary Campus, P-1/12, C.I.T. Scheme VIIM, Kankurgachi, Kolkata 700054, India. Electronic address:

Background: The transcription-inhibitory G-Quadruplex(Pu27-GQ) atc-MYCpromoter is challenging to target due to structural heterogeneity. Nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NM23-H2) specifically binds and unfolds Pu27-GQ to increasec-MYC transcription. Here, we used Inosine 5'-diphosphate (IDP) to disrupt NM23-H2-Pu27-GQ interactions and arrest c-MYC transcription without compromising NM23-H2-mediated kinase properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2020.129649DOI Listing

Gambogic acid: A shining natural compound to nanomedicine for cancer therapeutics.

Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer 2020 May 31:188381. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, McAllen, TX, USA; South Texas Center of Excellence in Cancer Research, School of Medicine, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, McAllen, TX, USA. Electronic address:

The United State Food and Drug Administration has permitted number of therapeutic agents for cancer treatment. Most of them are expensive and have some degree of systemic toxicity which makes overbearing in clinical settings. Although advanced research continuously applied in cancer therapeutics, but drug resistance, metastasis, and recurrence remain unanswerable These accounts to an urgent clinical need to discover natural compounds with precisely safe and highly efficient for the cancer prevention and cancer therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbcan.2020.188381DOI Listing

Toxoplasma gondii Chinese I genotype Wh6 strain infection induces tau phosphorylation via activating GSK3β and causes hippocampal neuron apoptosis.

Acta Trop 2020 May 31:105560. Epub 2020 May 31.

Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Microbiology and Parasitology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China. Electronic address:

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a neurophilic and intracellular parasite that can affect plenty of vertebrate animals, including humans. Recent researches indicate that T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105560DOI Listing

Establishment of Recombinase Polymerase Amplification assay for rapid and sensitive detection of Orientia tsutsugamushi in Southeast Asia.

Acta Trop 2020 May 31:105541. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Genomics and Cytogenetics, Institute of Biomedicine and Pharmacy (IBP), Vietnam Military Medical University, Vietnam; Department of Medical Microbiology, The 103 Military Hospital, Vietnam Medical University, Vietnam. Electronic address:

Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is a common fever in parts of Southern and South East Asia. As delayed diagnosis of scrub typhus leads to inappropriate treatment and high mortality rates, of up to 70%, sensitive and rapid detection of O. tsutsugamushi is required for timely and appropriate treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105541DOI Listing

Lack of Association of IL6 polymorphism with the susceptibility to Chagas disease in Latin American populations.

Acta Trop 2020 May 31:105546. Epub 2020 May 31.

Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina López-Neyra, IPBLN-CSIC, PTS Granada, Granada, España. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to analyze IL6 rs1800795 genetic variant in the susceptibility to Trypanosoma cruzi infection and in the development of chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), in five independent Latin American cohorts. A total of 3,087 individuals from Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, and two cohorts from Colombia) were studied. In all cohorts, patients were classified as seropositive for T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105546DOI Listing

Non-primary CMV infection not always innocent. A case-report and literature review.

Acta Clin Belg 2020 Jun 3:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Neonatology, Antwerp University Hospital, University of Antwerp , Belgium.

Objectives: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common infectious cause of congenital malformations. CMV infections are frequently symptomatic in case of a primary infection during pregnancy. Generally, maternal immunity protects the newborn against a symptomatic course of the CMV infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2020.1773651DOI Listing

Risk factors for aggressive recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in Chinese juvenile patients.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 3:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Key Laboratory of Major Disease in Children, Ministry of Education, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.

Aggressive juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) threatens patient lives if not receives immediate surgical intervene. Even with surgical intervene, complete remission of this disease is not approachable. Therefore, understanding the factors relevant to disease severity and prognosis will do help to the treatment strategy and health management of this disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1767804DOI Listing

Clinical characteristics of subglottic cancer: emphasis on therapeutic management strategies for stage II subglottic cancer.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 3:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Okayama, Japan.

Subglottic cancer (SGC) is extremely rare, as most laryngeal cancers are localized to the glottic region. Accordingly, the clinical characteristics of SGC have not been well characterized. In the current study, SGCs were clinically evaluated, and the outcomes of radiotherapy (RT) in patients with stage II SGC were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1767303DOI Listing

Treatment of posttraumatic olfactory dysfunction with corticosteroids and olfactory training.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 3:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Few have investigated long-term effect of treatment of posttraumatic olfactory dysfunction (OD). To explore if sequential treatment with corticosteroids and olfactory training (OT) improved smell in patients with OD after moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Twenty-two patients with persistent OD, mean 62 months after trauma, completed an open uncontrolled intervention study of treatment for 10 d with oral corticosteroids and thereafter for 3 months with OT twice daily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1767301DOI Listing

Improvement of physical training by performance enhancing substances.

Authors:
Cem Erdogan

Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2020 Jun 3:e13517. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Institute of Vegetative Physiology, Germany.

Currently the Covid-19 pandemic forces almost every country to take drastic measures in order to stop the spread of the virus. These include the avoidance of close contact to other humans, staying at home whenever possible and the closure of gyms or sport clubs. Now that people are more or less bound to their home, it is even more important to stay physically active. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apha.13517DOI Listing

Pregnancy in metabolic healthy and unhealthy obese women.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Introduction: Obesity-associated adverse obstetric outcomes are well-known but still relatively rare and difficult to predict. Not all obese individuals are unhealthy, some have metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and others have metabolic unhealthy obesity (MUO). Our aim was to investigate if the MHO and MUO classification could be used for prediction of obesity-associated complications in pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13929DOI Listing

Claims for compensation from women with cervical cancer in Norway - a retrospective, descriptive study of a 12-year period.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Introduction: In Norway, all patient-reported claims for compensation are evaluated by The Norwegian System of Patient Injury Compensation (NPE). The number of claims from women with cervical cancer is rising, and the approval rate is high. Our aim was to study claims for compensation from women with cervical cancer in order to identify the type of failures, when in the time-course of treatment medical failures occurred, and the consequences of the failures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13930DOI Listing

GPR146: an emerging therapeutic target for hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis.

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Medical College, Hunan Polytechnic of Environment and Biology, Hengyang 421001, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abbs/gmaa058DOI Listing

Decision making process in simultaneous laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer and liver metastases. Review of literature.

Acta Cir Bras 2020 22;35(3):e202000308. Epub 2020 May 22.

Research Institute against Cancer of the Digestive System, Strasbourg, France.

Purpose: The benefits of laparoscopic approaches to treat colorectal cancer (CRC) and colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) separately are well established. However, there is no consensus about the optimal timing to approach the primary tumor and CRLM, whether simultaneously or staged. The objective of this review with practical reports is to discuss technical aspects required for patient selection to perform simultaneous laparoscopic approaches for CRC and CRLM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020200030000008DOI Listing

Effect of low intensity photobiomodulation associated with norbixin-based poly (hydroxybutyrate) membrane on post-tenotomy tendon repair. In vivo study.

Acta Cir Bras 2020 22;35(3):e202000303. Epub 2020 May 22.

Postgraduate Program in Material Engineering (PPGEM), IFPI, Teresina, PI, Brazil.

Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo response of photobiomodulation therapy associated with norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) membrane (PHB) in tenotomized calcaneal tendon.

Methods: Thirty rats were randomly allocated to six groups (n=5 each): LED groups (L1, L2 and L3) and membrane + LED groups (ML1, ML2 and ML3). The right calcaneal tendons of all animals were sectioned transversely and were irradiated with LED daily, one hour after surgery every 24 hours, until the day of euthanasia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020200030000003DOI Listing

A retrospective comparison of the conventional versus three-dimensional printed model-assisted surgery in the treatment of acetabular fractures.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Anatomy Digital Imaging and 3D Modelling Laboratory, Ege University, School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the conventional versus individualized three-dimensional (3D) printing model-assisted pre-contoured plate fixation in the treatment of patients with acetabular fractures.

Methods: The data from 18 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for the acetabular fractures were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups (9 in each): conventional and 3D printed model-assisted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/j.aott.2020.19054DOI Listing

Latissimus dorsi transfer using bone block technique to restore active external rotation in reversed total shoulder arthroplasty.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):166-174

The aim was to compare the outcome of a reversed shoulder arthroplasty with a latissiumus dorsi transfer without (LD-BB) or with bone block (LD+BB) in patients with rotator cuff-deficient shoulders and combined loss of active elevation and external rotation. Postoperative patients with LD+BB were not immobilized compared to 6 weeks of immobilization in patients with LD-BB. Clinical outcome was evaluated using the Constant Score, ADLER score and satisfaction rate. Read More

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Severe heterotopic ossification after a shoulder arthroscopy : a rare clinical presentation.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):162-165

Heterotopic ossification is a well-known complication after orthopaedic surgical procedures, with a pre-dilection of the hip and elbow. Heterotopic ossification is a rare complication after shoulder arthroscopy and is rarely clinically significant. We report a case of a 65-year old Caucasian man with a slow and painful recovery after arthroscopic shoulder surgery encompassing rotator cuff repair, biceps tenotomy and acromioplasty, with recurrence of impingement symptoms unresponsive to conservative therapy (physiotherapy and one sub- acromial injection). Read More

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Clinical and radiological characteristics of 82 solitary benign peripheral nerve tumours.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):151-161

Benign peripheral nerve tumours are rare lesions. The surgical treatment and clinical outcomes depend on the resectability. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify clinical or radiological features that may predict the surgical technique that should be used to improve clinical outcome. Read More

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Four-corner fusion versus proximal row carpectomy : a retrospective review with a minimal follow-up of 9 years.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):146-150

A retrospective survey on the long-term outcomes of both proximal row carpectomy (PRC) and scaphoidectomy with 4-corner arthrodesis (4CA) was conducted. Seventeen PRC and nine 4CA wrists were retrieved with a minimal follow-up of 9 years. Pain, satisfaction and disability were not significantly different. Read More

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The surgical management for isolated scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) osteoarthritis : a systematic review of the literature.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):137-145

We performed a systematic review to find out the safety and efficacy of various procedures for isolated scaphotrapeziotrapezoid osteoarthritis. Eleven articles were included. The most common procedure was arthroplasty with pyrocarbon implant (28%), followed by resection of distal pole of scaphoid with proximal trapezium and trapezoid resection (18%). Read More

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Ten-year outcomes of the Arpe prosthesis for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):131-136

Outcomes of 66 Arpe prostheses in 50 patients treated for osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint were investigated with a mean follow-up of ten years. Ten-year survival was 87% when failure was defined as implant removal followed by trapeziectomy and tendon interposition. Ten-year survival was 82% when revision of the cup was also considered as failure and it was 80% when replacement of the neck alone was also chosen as an endpoint. Read More

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Short-term outcome trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition versus trapeziometacarpal prosthesis : a literature review.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):122-130

Trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition and trapeziometacarpal prosthesis are two commonly used procedures for first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study is to compare the short-term outcome of trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition to trapeziometacarpal prosthesis. Pubmed, Cochrane library and science direct database were searched with adequate search terms. Read More

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Combined anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) lesion and anterolateral syndesmotic impingement after ankle sprain trauma in runners.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):115-121

Anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL) lesion have been shown to result in proliferation of cicatricial tissue ; concomitant insufficiency of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and AITFL Lesion may cause anterolateral syndesmotic impingement in the ankle joint of runners. Twenty-two runners with suspected syndesmotic impingement after ankle sprain were included in the study. An MRI of the ankle joint was performed followed by arthroscopy. Read More

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Total ankle replacement : comparison of the outcomes of STAR and Mobility.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):109-114

Total Ankle Replacement is a recognised treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis and an alternative to arthrodesis. This study reviews a single centre series of prospectively collected outcome measures to determine whether the Mobility performs better than the Scandinavian ankle replacement. The primary outcome measure was the survivorship. Read More

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Functional outcome following closed reduction and percutaneous osteosynthesis of distal tibia articular fractures in children.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):102-108

Closed reduction and percutaneous osteosynthesis is an alternative to the open procedure for articular fractures of distal tibia of children. 38 patients were retrospectively reviewed. The measured parameters were : the score of Gleizes and the discrepancies between preoperative radiographic and CT scan measurements and postoperative radiographs. Read More

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Outcome after arthroscopically assisted percutaneous reconstruction of lateral ankle ligaments using a gracilis tendon autograft.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):95-101

In cases of chronic instability of the lateral ligament complex following an ankle sprain, operative stabilization should be considered when conservative treatment fails. The purpose of this study is to determine the outcome of a percutaneous stabilization of the lateral ligament complex with a gracilis tendon auto-graft, after an adjuvant arthroscopy of the ankle joint. We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of patients who underwent this surgery performed by the senior author. Read More

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Radiolucent lines around knee arthroplasty components : a narrative review.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):82-94

Aseptic loosening of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) components is one of the frequent reasons for early revision together with infection and instability. Aseptic loosening is usually preceded by the observation of radiolucent lines (RLL) on radiographs. Radiolucent lines have conventionally been considered a sign of osteolysis due to particles disease of either polyethylene or cement wear. Read More

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Can a ratio between medial and lateral meniscal volumes be calculated to determine critical meniscal volume in view of post-meniscectomy symptoms?

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):77-81

Partial meniscectomy is a frequently performed treatment strategy for non-suturable meniscal tears. However, the meniscal volume which can be resected without compromising the load-bearing, shock-absorbing function of the meniscus remains a topic of ongoing research. The aim of this study was to calculate the medio-lateral meniscal volume ratio to estimate this volume. Read More

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Anatomical superficial medial collateral ligament reconstruction with posteromedial capsule reefing successfully restores valgus knee laxity.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):69-76

The goal of this study was to present the results of an anatomical superficial medial collateral ligament (sMCL) reconstruction combined with reefing of the posteromedial capsule in a series of 10 patients with symptomatic valgus instability complaints in combined injuries of the knee. All patients under- went an sMCL reconstruction with reefing of the posteromedial capsule. If cruciate ligament insuf- ficiency was present, this was reconstructed as well. Read More

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Joint needle aspiration compared to tissue samples in septic arthritis of the native knee.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):64-68

Culture of the causative infectious agent is the only definitive method of diagnosing septic arthritis and can be identified by culture of synovial fluid (SF) or by tissue cultures (TC) obtained at surgery. The aim of this study is to compare the cultures of joint needle aspiration (JNA) with tissue cultures obtained at surgery. 52 patients treated for a suspicion of a septic arthritis of the native knee were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Investigation of the changing etiology and risk factors of prosthetic joint infections : a university hospital surveillance study from 2011-2017.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):54-63

We sought to characterize the causative pathogens of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs), evaluate the trends in microbial etiologies, and identify potential risk factors for PJI. This was a retrospective study analyzing 70 patients with PJI following 3,253 total joint arthroplasties between 2011 and 2017. Staphylococci were the most common cause of infection (52. Read More

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Polyaxial locking plate fixation in periprosthetic, peri-implant and distal shaft fractures of the femur : a comparison of open and less invasive surgical approaches.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):46-53

Polyaxial locking plate fixation is a widely performed treatment for femoral shaft, periprosthetic, and peri-implant fractures in elderly patients. This study's purpose was to compare patient outcomes following the open technique (OT) and less invasive techniques (LIT). Data were gathered from 44 patients with 46 fractures treated with polyaxial locking plate between 2010-2015. Read More

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Direct anterior total hip arthroplasty in supine position using regular OR table : case series and review of complication and reoperation rate.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):38-45

Direct anterior approach total hip arthroplasty (DAA- THA) has gained popularity in the last decades due to multiple advantages : reduced blood loss, muscle sparing, reduced pain, reduced dislocation rate, shorter hospital stay and faster recovery. However, initial studies have reported an unacceptable high intra-operative complication rate, especially during the learning curve. The complications and reoperations in a consecutive series of 356 DAA- THA's using a supine positioning on a regular OR table, without femoral hyperextension, were analysed retrospectively. Read More

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The influence of local infiltration analgesia after total hip replacement. A randomized clinical trial.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):33-37

To determine whether local infiltration analgesia by catheter infusion was superior to conventional analgesia in terms of postoperative pain control after THR. A randomized double-blind clinical trial was performed. There were four groups based on catheter placement and the infusion constituents : 1) Intraarticular catheter + anesthetics ; 2) Intraarticular catheter +placebo ; 3) Subfascial catheter + anesthetics ; 4) Subfascial catheter + placebo. Read More

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Evaluation of cerclage wiring in the treatment of subtrochanteric fractures.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):28-32

Treatment of subtrochanteric fractures is challenging because of their typical displacement pattern. Use of circumferential cerclage wires can be added to intramedullary nailing to facilitate better anatomical reduction. Concerns exist regarding additional soft tissue damage and ischemia of the periosteum. Read More

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Total hip arthroplasty using the direct anterior approach and intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring for Crowe III hip dysplasia : surgical technique and case series.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):22-27

Developmental dysplasia of the hip with a high dislocation may lead to severe hip pain and a marked shortening. Nerve palsy rates following THA in dysplastic hips have been reported as being higher by ten times or more compared to the general population. We report a new technique to perform THA in high congenital dislocations. Read More

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Femoral anteversion measurement : evaluation of inter- and intraobserver reliability.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):17-21

The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter- and intraobserver reliability of a CT-based femoral anteversion measurement. 17 CT scans showing an abnormal anteversion on one side were presented to 6. Three measurements of all scans were obtained : two bilateral measurements and a third measurement with a flipped CT scan. Read More

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Long-term outcome of prosthetic joint infections treated with two-stage revision.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):10-16

Long-term evaluation of prosthetic joint infection treated with two-stage revision. Retrospective analysis of 102 periprosthetic infections treated with two-stage revision from 2010 to 2012 in Albenga hospital, Italy. During the second stage, samples for microbiological tests were collected. Read More

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The influence of weather conditions on osteoarthritis and joint pain after prosthetic surgery.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Mar;86(1):1-9

The purpose of this narrative review was to highlight the research on the influence of weather conditions on patients with osteoarthritis, the pathophysiological mechanisms and the therapeutic consequences. A search was conducted using the Pubmed, Medline and Web of Science databases. Barometric pressure, temperature and humidity are the weather conditions that are found to be correlated most to the worsening of pain complaints. Read More

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and its implementation in paediatric clinical research.

Acta Paediatr 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Pediatric Clinical Research Center, Silvia Children´s Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Queen, Gothenburg, Sweden.

The amount of research being performed in children, in particular pharmacological research, is lower than in adults which is in direct contrast to the aims of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. A Pediatric Clinical Research Center (PCRC) has been established at Sahlgrenska University Hospital with the aim of supporting clinical research in children and adolescents. The number of inquiries and initiated clinical studies at PCRC has increased since the start in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.15385DOI Listing

Liver cancer stem cells as a hierarchical society: yes or no?

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

MOE Key Laboratory of Biosystems Homeostasis and Protection, Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are cells possessing abilities of self-renewal, differentiation, and tumorigenicity in NOD/SCID mice. Based on this definition, multiple cell surface markers (such as CD24, CD133, CD90, and EpCAM) as well as chemical methods are discovered to enrich liver CSCs in the recent decade. Accumulated studies have revealed molecular signatures and signaling pathways involved in regulating different liver CSCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abbs/gmaa050DOI Listing

Periodontitis and Cardiovascular Diseases. Consensus Report.

Glob Heart 2020 Feb 3;15(1). Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Karl-Franzens University Graz, AT.

Background: In Europe cardiovascular disease (CVD) is responsible for 3.9 million deaths (45% of deaths), being ischaemic heart disease, stroke, hypertension (leading to heart failure) the major cause of these CVD related deaths. Periodontitis is also a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) with a high prevalence, being severe periodontitis, affecting 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/gh.400DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218770PMC
February 2020

A COVID-19 outbreak's lesson: best use of the pediatric emergency department.

Acta Paediatr 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Institute of Pediatrics, Department of Woman and Child Health and Public Health, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.

After finding the first cases in Italy, the Government declared a state of emergency. In The Lancet, Stefano Spina and colleagues (1) reported the strategy of the Emergency Medical System (EMS) of the metropolitan area of Milan to contrast the recent COVID-19 outbreak in Italy. The EMS instituted a team that manages the patients and their flow to local hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.15386DOI Listing

French West Indies castaway children as a result of the covid-19 outbreak.

Acta Paediatr 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

pediatric and neonatal intensive care unit, CHU Fort de France, Martinique, France.

I read with interest the submission of Haward et al. (1) dealing with the pediatrical ethics issues during this Covid-19 outbreak. I was particularly sensitive to the chapter dedicated to neonatal which highlighted very clearly the indirect consequences of this pandemic on the paediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.15387DOI Listing

The Selection of Reliable Reference Genes for RT-qPCR Analysis of Anisakis simplex Sensu Stricto Gene Expression from Different Developmental Stages.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Plant Physiology, Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 1A, 10-719, Olsztyn, Poland.

Background: Anisakis simplex s. s. is a parasitic nematode with a complex life cycle in which humans can become accidental hosts by consuming raw or not fully cooked fish containing L3 larvae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00220-3DOI Listing

Ratiometric fluorescent 3D DNA walker and catalyzed hairpin assembly for determination of microRNA.

Mikrochim Acta 2020 Jun 1;187(6):365. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Key Laboratory for the Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Medicinal Resources (Ministry of Education of China), School of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Science of Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, 541004, China.

Using 6-carboxyfluorescein (FAM) and tetramethyl rhodamine (TAMRA) as fluorescent signals a ratiometric fluorescent three-dimensional (3D) DNA walker based on a catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) reaction for microRNA-122 detection was constructed. This method uses CHA reaction triggered indirectly by the target to mediate the 3D DNA walker operation to amplify the signal. The dual emission ratio fluorescent signal with a single excitation wavelength was used as the signal output. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-020-04324-5DOI Listing
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