313 results match your criteria Acta medico-historica adriatica : AMHA[Journal]


[Pope Pius XII in the History of Radiology: St. Michael the Archangel Protector of Radiologists].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):337-346

ezione di Storia della Medicina e di Etica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute (DISSAL), Università di Genova, Via A. Pastore 1, 16132 Genova, Italia. E-mail:

In 1933 the Professors of Genoa School of Medicine V. Maragliano, GB. Cardinale, and A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.10DOI Listing
December 2019

[Medicine in Croatian Lexicography and Encyclopaedistics].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):313-336

Redakcija Hrvatske tehničke enciklopedije, Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža, Frankopanska ulica 26, 10000 Zagreb. E-pošta:

Due to the undeniable importance of medicine in human life, the authors explore the level of attentiveness given to medical topics since the beginnings of Croatian lexicography and encyclopaedistics in the 16th century until today. Specific emphasis is put on the activities of the Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography, as the only Croatian institution which has been systematically involved in the field of lexicography and encyclopaedistics for almost 70 years. The representation and importance of medicine have been established in three ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.9DOI Listing
December 2019

Anatomy of the Ribs and Management of their Fractures as Viewed by Avicenna (980-1037 Ad).

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):305-312

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Bone and Joint Disease Research Center, Chamran Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, District 6, Chamran Blvd, 71948-15644 Shiraz, Iran. E‑mail:

Introduction: Avicenna statedinteresting points on the symptoms of rib bone fractures, their physical examination, and also treatment and management of the complications in his master piece Canon in Tibb.

Method: We reviewed Avicenna's Canon and his viewpoints on the anatomy of the rib bones and their fractures and compared it with conventional medicine.

Result: He described the ana omy of the ribs; he explained the effectiveness of their structure in the prote tion of vital organs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.8DOI Listing
December 2019

On the Work of Alexander of Tralles.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):295-304

Gymnasiarchou Stefanou 24, GR-54250, Harilaou, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Helminthiasis is known to man since antiquity, but it still remains a significant public health problem. In ancient times many plants have been tried as possible therapeutics in search of an effective drug. This manuscript investigates ancient beliefs on parasitic worm infestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.7DOI Listing
December 2019

Zvonimir Maretić (1921-1989): The History of Discovery of the First European Antilatrodectic Serum and its Preparator in the Occasion Of the 30th Anniversary of His Death.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):285-294

University of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities, B. Branchetta 20, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia. E-mail:

Zvonimir Maretić was the pioneer of the study of venomous animals and plants, toxicology, and tourism medicine. His achievements have been recognized, but insufficiently researched. His work covers a broad range of biomedical sciences: from public health, ecology, and environmental protection, to epidemiology and infectology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.6DOI Listing
December 2019

"Imagine All the People:" Andrija Štampar's Ideology in The Context of Contemporary Public Health Initiatives.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):269-284

Division for the History of Medical Sciences, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Gundulićeva 24/III, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. E-mail:

Recently, the World Health Organization launched its Universal Health Coverage initiative with the aim to improve access to quality health care on a global level, without causing financial hardship to the patients. In this paper, we will identify and analyze the ideological similarities between this influential initiative and the work of one of the founders of the WHO-Andrija Štampar (1888-1958)-whose social medicine was built of various normative, sociological and philosophical elements. Our aim is to demonstrate the crucial role of carefully erected and thought-out ideology for the success of public health programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.5DOI Listing
December 2019

[Spanish Flu in the Neretva Valley].

Authors:
Ivo Mišur

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):251-268

Zavod za ispitivanje kvalitete, Gajeva 17, 10 0000. E‑mail:

The Spanish flu is a pandemic that was neglected even though it killed more people than World War I. At the end of 1918, newspaper reports are scarce due to war events, press cen-sorships, and burst political events. For decades after the epidemic was over, the Spanish flu was not the subject of scientific research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.4DOI Listing
December 2019

[The Infectious Disease Subsidiary Hospital of Rijeka].

Authors:
Nana Palinić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):233-250

Građevinski fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci, Radmile Matejčić 3, 51000 Rijeka, Hrvatska. E-mail:

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a hospital for infectious diseases in the Zeniković area was operating in Rijeka as a hospital - subsidiary of the City Hospital of St. Spirit. After purchasing the property of the naval captain Dionysius Jakovčić, the existing buildings were adapted, and several other buildings, necessary for the organization of an infectious hospital, were constructed in the early eighties of the 19th century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.3DOI Listing
December 2019

[Protector Saints Against Plague Epidemics - Analysis of the Examples from the Sacral Patrimonies of the Cites of Rijeka and Osijek].

Authors:
Bruno Atalić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):213-232

Clinical Department for Diagnostic Radiology, Clinical-Hospital Centre Rijeka, Krešimirova 42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia.

Plague epidemics have remained in the collective consciousness until nowadays remembered as the deadliest. Therefore, it is not surprising that the answers to them throughout history have been not only medical but also religious. The previously mentioned will be analyzed in this paper through the cults of the protector saints against the plague epidemics that have developed in two Croatian cities of comparable size, Rijeka and Osijek, but with the diamet-rically opposed geographical positions and, accordingly, quite different historical develop-ments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.2DOI Listing
December 2019

[The Unknown Hospital of the Augustinian Hermits of St. Jerome in Rijeka. Contribution to the History of Medicine in Rijeka].

Authors:
Marko Medved

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 12;17(2):195-212

Teologija u Rijeci - Katolički bogoslovni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Omladinska 14 - HR 51000 Rijeka.

The Order of St. Augustine (Ordo Eremitarum Sancti Augustini) was the first religious community in Rijeka. The monastery of St. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.2.1DOI Listing
December 2019

[Uz 500. obljetnicu smrti Leonarda da Vincija].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 Dec;17(2):185-194

Clinical Department for Diagnostic Radiology, Clinical-Hospital Centre Rijeka, Krešimirova 42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia.

This editorial is dedicated to a commemoration of the 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci near Florence, April 15, 1452 ‑ Cloux Castle, France, May 2, 1519) ‑ the greatest Renaissance artist and one of the greatest artists in general. From his invaluable artistic and scientific heritage, only a small part dedicated to the exploration of the Nature was selected for this occasion. In this part, according to many, the most significant place is dedicated to his anatomical drawings as a lasting testament to his interest in anatomy and medicine in general. Read More

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December 2019

[18th Scientific conference Rijeka and its citizens in Medical History, November 9, 2018].

Authors:
Toni Buterin

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):161-165

Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine, E-mail:

Scientific conference Rijeka and its citizens in Medical History as an 18th conference was met on November 9, 2018. Organized by the Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine and the State Archives in Rijeka. The eighteenth conference was held at the exhibition hall of the last, but not least organizer. Read More

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[Overview of the Development of Psychiatric Care in Karlovac - Due to the 50th Anniversary Since the Establishment of the Department of Neuropsychiatry in the General Hospital Karlovac (1969 - 2019)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):143-160

Odjel za psihijatriju, Opća bolnica Karlovac, Ul. Andrije Štampara 3, 47000, Karlovac / Katedra za društvene i humanističke znanosti u medicini, Sveučilište u Rijeci, Medicinski fakultet, Braće Branchetta 20, 51000 Rijeka. E-pošta:

The newly established Department of neuropsychiatry of the Medical Center of Karlovac opened on November 3rd, 1969, thus enabling a comprehensive and modern approach to people with mental disorders. Prior to its opening, the first stage of the hospital in Švarča was completed. Up until that point, psychiatric care had been inadequate despite the enthusiasm of individuals, such as Dr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.9DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

Places where Famous Ophthalmologist Albrecht Von Graefe Lived and Worked in Berlin.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):133-142

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Split, University of Split School of Medicine, Spinčićeva 1, 21000 Split, Croatia. E‑mail:

Many things are said and written about famous ophthalmologist Albrecht von Graefe. This work gives detailed description of the places where he lived and practiced ophthalmology in Berlin, because very little was written about it and never in one paper. Von Graefe was born in 1828 in villa Finkenherd in the north-west part of Tiergarten in Berlin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.8DOI Listing

[Dr Fran Mandić (1851 - 1924): A Reputed Physician from Kastav and "Croatian Consul" in Trieste].

Authors:
Ivica Vučak

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):115-132

Hrvatsko društvo za povijest medicine Hrvatskog liječničkog zbora, Šubićeva 9, 10000 Zagreb. E‑pošta:

Born in Istria, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Fran Mandić (1851-1924) finished a Croatian grammar school in Rijeka and studied medicine in Graz, Austria and in Prague, Bohemia. After graduation, he settled in Trieste, a major Austrian port, where he spent his entire career. After a period in the State Hospital in Trieste, Mandić ran his own practice and held a position of medical adviser of the Austrian State Railway in Istria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.7DOI Listing

The Massage Approach of Avicenna in the Canon of Medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):103-114

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Dumlupınar street, D100 No:98, 34000, Kadıkoy/ Istanbul/Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey. E-mail:

Massage is the manipulation of the body tissues by using techniques, such as rubbing, kneading, pressing, and rolling to sustain a state of health and wellness. Massage is one of the oldest and most natural healing applications in human history. Avicenna (980 - 1037) gained a very important position in the medical world with his most important work, the Canon of Medicine, known as the holy book of medicine in the Western world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.6DOI Listing

The Acetylcholine Therapy in the Treatment of Schizophrenia - The Experience of Mario Fiamberti in the Hospital of Varese (1937).

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):91-102

Centre of Research in Osteoarchaeology and Paleopathology, Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, University of Insubria, O. Rossi, 9, 21100 Varese, Italy. E-mail:

In the first half of the 20th century, in most European countries, it was thought that cholinesterase and other drugs that counteract acetylcholine should reduce the manifestations of schizophrenia. In 1937, Fiamberti (1894-1970) introduced the transorbital method of lobotomy which established the use of acetylcholine shock treatment for curing the disturbances of schizophrenia. Accepting the idea that the psychic alterations of schizophrenia were caused by a pathological interruption of nerve conduction at a presumably cortical level, Fiamberti thought he could apply this to the clinical field using the properties of acetylcholine, an acetic ester of choline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.5DOI Listing

[The History of Beta Thalassaemia in Sardinia: The Contribution of the Italian Schools of Pediatrics].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):65-90

Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Via N. Giustiniani, n. 2 - 35128 Padua, Italy. E‑mail:

Beta thalassaemia represents one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders worldwide. High prevalence is present in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Far East. The highest incidences are reported in Cyprus, South East Asia and Sardinia and are most likely related to the selective pressure from Pl. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.4DOI Listing
June 2019
7 Reads

The First Women Physicians in the History of Modern Greek Medicine: Maria Kalapothaki (1859-1941) and Aggeliki Panagiotatou (1878-1954).

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):55-64

University Institute of History of Medicine and Public Health, Avenue de Provence 82, CH-1007, Lausanne, Switzerland. E-mail:

In an era when medicine in Greece was dominated by men, at the end of the 19th and during the first decades of 20th century, two women, Maria Kalapothakes [in Greek: Μαρία Καλαποθάκη] (1859-1941) and Angélique Panayotatou [in Greek: Αγγελική Παναγιωτάτου] (1878-1954), managed to stand out and contribute to the evolution of medicine. Maria Kalapothakes received medical education in Paris and then she returned to Greece. Not only did she contribute to several fields of medicine, but also exercised charity and even undertook the task of treating war victims on many occasions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.3DOI Listing

Insomnia in Traditional Persian Medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):45-54

Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Zand street, 7134845794, Shiraz, Iran.

Insomnia is a common complaint in outpatient clinics. It usually affects quality of life neg-atively, especially in severe cases. Nowadays, routine medical interventions comprise pharmacological approaches and cognitive behavioral therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.2DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

[Giant Cell Arteritis and Charles Bonnet Syndrome. The Case of Saint Martin of Leon].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 06;17(1):19-44

Sección de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Avd. Islas Baleares, 3,09006 Burgos, Spain.

Saint Martin of Leon was a monk who lived in the 12th century. The details of his life are known because they were described by his contemporary, Lucas de Tuy, in the Liber de Miraculis Sancti Isidori. Saint Martin of Leon was a venerable old man who suffered from severe headaches, considerable difficulties in raising or maintaining his arms raised, asthe-nia, and anorexia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.17.1.1DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

200th Anniversary of the Beginning of Clinical Application of the Laennec's Stethoscope in 1819.

Authors:
Bruno Atalić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2019 Jun;17(1):9-18

Clinical Department for Diagnostic Radiology, Clinical-Hospital Centre Rijeka, Krešimirova 42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia.

Although stethoscope was invented by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) in 1816, its wider clinical application started only after the publication of his book entitled De l'Auscultation Médiate ou Traité, du Diagnostic des Maladies des Poumons et du Coeur in 1819. Its invention coincided with the development of the 'hos-pital medicine' in the post-revolutionary Paris during the first quarter of the 19th century. It has enabled then contemporary physicians to explain the correlation between the patient symptoms and the clinical findings and thus has helped the shift from the humoral pathology towards the solitary pathology. Read More

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[Professor dr. Zdravko Kučić (1910-1961), Promoter of the Hospital Service in Post-War Rijeka].

Authors:
Juraj Kučić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):319-330

Gimnazijske stube 5, 51000 Rijeka, Hrvatska.

Dr Zdravko Kučić was born in Bakar on 11 April 1910. In1928 he finished the Gymnasium in Sušak and graduated from the School of Medicine, University of Belgrade in1934. After completing the internship in Zagreb, he worked at the General Public Hospital "King Alexander I" in Sušak as a secondary doctor of medicine and later as an assistant at the Internal Department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.9DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

[Between Supervision and Functionality: The Architecture of the Institute for the Insane in Stenjevec].

Authors:
Vinko Drača

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):303-318

Odsjek za povijest, Filozofski Fakultet, Ivana Lučića 3, 10 000 Zagreb, Hrvatska.

This paper reviews the architecture of the Royal National Institute for the Insane in Stenjevec during its construction and the first years of its existence. Since the opening of the Institute in 1879 until the end of the World War I, there were numerous adaptations and extensions of the original capacities. The paper shows how these extensions reflected the existing paradigm of the institutional architecture in the second half of the 19th century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.8DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

[Enrico Bottini (1835-1903), Italian Physician and Politician: A Master of Antisepsis and a Pioneer of Modern Surgery].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):293-302

Università di Genova, Genova, Italia

Enrico Bottini (Stradella, Pavia, 7 September 1835 - Porto Maurizio, Sanremo, 11 March 1903) was a multifaceted surgeon, who left a strong mark in modern surgery, not only Italian but worldwide. A pupil of Porta and Ribeti, as well as the distinguished French surgeon and anatomist Charles-Marie-Édouard Chassaignac, he has dedicated himself throughout his career to various areas of medicine, ranging from bacteriology and anti-sepsis (use of a derivative of phenic acid) to urological surgery (the so-called "endo-urethral galva-cauterization", also called Bottini's operation, or Perineal incision according to Bottini). He has also successfully dedicated himself to gynecology (trans-vaginal hysterectomy for uterine cancer and surgical treatment of vesicovaginal fistulas), maxillofacial surgery (endo-oral resection of the maxilla, subperiosteal resection of the mandible for the treatment of the stable jaw, total amputation of the larynx and the tongue for carcinomas), the dermosurgery (use of the electrocautery), and the vascular surgery (resection of the inferior vena cava). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.7DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

The Curative Role of Bitumen in Traditional Persian Medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):283-292

Department of Traditional Persian Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Zand Street, 71397-48479 Shiraz, Iran.

Aim: Bitumen is a natural substance effusing from rocks' notches in some highland areas; it has been known as an effective remedy for treating some illnesses. Considering pain relieving properties of bitumen in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) sources, this study aims to review the viewpoints of TPM sages regarding bitumen in the context of traditional Persian medicine. It also provides applicable information for interested researchers to conduct well-designed clinical trials and evaluate therapeutic effects of bitumen claimed in TPM sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.6DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Revisiting Avicenna's (ad 980-1037) Anatomical Concepts of the Musculoskeletal and Peripheral Nervous Systems in the Canon of Medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):267-282

School of Anatomical Sciences, The University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, 7, York Road, Parktown,Johannesburg, South Africa.

Avicenna, as he is known in the West, was a famous Persian Muslim physician and influential philosopher-scientist of the medieval Islamic world. He wrote and compiled the Canon of Medicine text, a book which was adopted as the main text of medicine at the most Persian and Western universities. The book consists of basic medical sciences, applied clinical sciences and pharmacology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.5DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Nikolaos Louros (1898-1986): The Reformer of Greek Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the 20th Century.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):253-266

History of Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, 71003, Vasilika Vouton, P.O. Box 2208, 71003 Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

The present article reports on the career of Professor Nikolaos Louros and his contribution to the development of obstetrics and gynaecology. The data presented is based on desk research with the aim to gather and analyse relevant credible information from documents existing in primary and secondary resources in the archive of Foundation History of Medicine N. Louros. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.4DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

The Saint George Quarantine Station of Piraeus, Greece (1865-1947).

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):239-252

Department of Microbiology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Mikras Asias 75, Athens 115-27, Greece.

For centuries, the marine quarantine system was the major protection of the public health against serious infectious diseases around the world. The present study reconstructs the history of the Quarantine Station of Piraeus, one of the largest Mediterranean ports, known as the "Lazaretto of Saint George", as a vital element in the maritime sanitary protection of Greece. Our research will investigate the impact left by this institution on public health, as well as on the economic life of the port of Piraeus and the adjacent capital city of Athens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.3DOI Listing
December 2018
27 Reads

Johann Bachoven von Echt (1515-1576) and his work on scurvy: An omen of Vesalius' death?

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):203-238

Clinical pathology, Stedelijk Ziekenhuis, Roeselare, Belgium.

A discussion is given of the figure of Johann Bachoven von Echt and his family, and on his work on scurvy. The disease is evaluated as a possible cause of the death of Andreas Vesalius. Echt's relationship with Jan Wier and his connections with Vesalius and Metellus are illustrated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.2DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

A historical approach to syphilis infection in Korea.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 12;16(2):185-202

Lab of Bioanthropology, Paleopathology and History of Diseases, Department of Anatomy/Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

From the end of the 15th century, syphilis spread worldwide, posing a serious threat to public health. Venereal syphilis has been a major research topic, not only in clinical medicine but also in paleopathology, especially because it is a disease of questionable origin and of high prevalence until the discovery of antibiotics. Syphilis in history has been studied extensively in Europe and the Americas, though less so in Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.1DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Innovative use of magnesium oxide in the treatment of "neuralgia of the celiac plexus of rheumatic origin" by G. Moscati in 1923.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 06;16(1):157-166

Department of Diagnostic and Clinical Medicine and Public Health, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

We presented and discussed one interesting medical prescription by doctor Giuseppe Moscati (1880-1927), who prescribed magnesium oxide (magnesia usta) to a patient with the diagnosis of "neuralgia of the celiac plexus of rheumatic origin". Besides the traditional use of magnesium as antacid remedy at the time, we raised the hypothesis that magnesium could be administered by Moscati in order to treat the neuralgia itself. Considering the scientific background of Moscati at the school of Filippo Bottazzi (1867-1941), a father of Italian biochemistry, we suggested that the doctor tried to apply the preliminary concepts acquired from electrophysiological studies on magnesium to his clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.8DOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

[A comparison between Giovan Battista Rini and Paolo Gorini].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 06;16(1):145-156

Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, Italia.

This short paper aims to explore analogies between the two famous embalmers from Lombardy, Giovan Battista Rini and Paolo Gorini. These extraordinary figures are wellknown due to their petrified specimens and are compared on the basis of preparation typologies, materials employed and the shroud of mystery that characterized their stories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.7DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Tapping on the chest of history. Lost and found memories of Leopold Auenbrugger, inventor of percussion, in Austria and beyond.

Authors:
Luca Borghi

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 06;16(1):127-144

Institute of Philosophy of Scientific and Technological Practice (FAST), University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy.

Leopold Auenbrugger (1722-1809), the inventor of percussion, joins René Laennec as the father of modern physical examination. On the occasion of the bicentennial of the invention of the stethoscope (1816), I went in search of the material footprints left by Auenbrugger in his homeland, Austria. This attempt led me to construct a rather fragmented picture, with some disillusionment (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.6DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

The concept of portal system obstruction in Avicenna's canon of medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):115-126

Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Historical literature on portal hypertension is mainly focused on the contemporary advances in therapeutic methods, especially surgical ones. However, it seems that the origin of the human knowledge on the portal system, its association with the caval system, obstructive pathologies in this system and the gastrointestinal bleeding due to hepatic diseases might be much older than previously believed. Avicenna provided a detailed anatomy of the portal venous system and its feeding branches in the Canon of Medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.5DOI Listing
December 2017
12 Reads

Pheidias Apollonius (ca. 4th century BC), unveiling the ancient Greek medico-philosophical school of the island of Rhodes.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 06;16(1):107-114

History of Medicine, Anatomy Department, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

The ancient Greek medico-philosophical school of the island of Rhodes was lost in the fog of history. However, the discovery of a stone column dedicated to Pheidias unveiled somehow some parts of its tale. The Island of Rhodes became in the 4th century BC a place of significant process in philosophy and medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.4DOI Listing
June 2018
30 Reads

Public health experiences from interwar Croatia (Yugoslavia) and making western medicine in the 1930s China.

Authors:
Željko Dugac

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 06;16(1):75-106

Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences, Divison for the History and Philosophy of Science, Department of Philosophy of Science, Zagreb, Croatia.

To gain control and domination over a particular territory, medicine was often used as a tool for promoting different interests. Using the activities of the League of Nations Health Organization and the Rockefeller Foundation on the territory of China in 1930s, this paper analyses the interconnection of the international and local factors in the transformation of the traditional Chinese milieu to suit the new and trendy public health projects. These activities were conducted not only to improve the public health conditions in the country, but also to introduce the Chinese public health to the processes of internationalization and standardization to the west oriented type of medicine and medical education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.3DOI Listing
June 2018
31 Reads

[Father and sons: Feller family members in the context of the beginnings of advertising in Croatia].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 06;16(1):49-74

Arhiv za likovne umjetnosti, Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Zagreb, Hrvatska.

This paper presents the role of Eugen Viktor Feller, a pharmacist and factory owner, with an emphasis on his marketing strategy in advertising his pharmacy specialty Elsa. Various types of contemporary press and advertising leaflets and packaging were used as a starting point for analysis. The abundance of the collected material provided an insight into Feller's communication strategy of the approach to consumers, comparing advertising in different media and time spans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.2DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Francisco Arceo de Fregenal and the treatment of clubfoot up to the sixteenth century.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 06;16(1):19-48

Área de Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales, Equipo de Historia de la Ciencia y Antropología de la Salud, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.

The correction of clubfoot as a subject of study is somewhat unusual, especially if one considers that up until the Renaissance only two authors dealt with the subject of this inherited disorder. On the one hand is Ambroise Paré, whose contributions to traumatology and orthopaedics are staggering, and on the other, Francisco Arceo de Fregenal, also known as the Ambroise Paré of Spain. Both men developed a method for treating this condition, and a special orthopaedic shoe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.1.1DOI Listing
June 2018
15 Reads

[200th birth anniversary of Ignatius Philipp Semmelweis].

Authors:
Bruno Atalić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):9-18

Klinički zavod za radiologiju, Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka, Rijeka, Hrvatska.

Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis's significance for the history of medicine lies in his discovery of the cause of puerperal fever. He discovered it during his work at the First Obstetrics Clinic of the Vienna's Allgemeines Krankenhaus. Since the mentioned Clinic, led by the doctors, had much higher mortality rates of the child-bearing women than the Second Obstetrics Clinic, led by the midwives, he wanted to determine the causes of such a state. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Detailed analysis of research and practice in the life of a pediatric surgeon in East Central Europe in the 20th century - an example of prof. Zofia Umiastowska-Sawicka.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):329-338

Department of Pathology, Non Public Health Care Unit, Kielce, Poland.

Professor Zofia Umiastowska Sawicka laid the foundations for modern pediatric surgery in Poland, first in Bialystok, and subsequently in Kielce. She was a student of Prof. Jan Kossakowski from Warsaw Medical University to be counted among his most talented and skilled disciples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.10DOI Listing
December 2017
11 Reads

John C. Carapanayiotis (1909-1999): the Greek radiologist and pioneer of physiatry in Greece.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):323-328

Radiology Imaging Department, General Hospital of Athens "G. Gennimatas", Athens, Greece.

John C. Carapanayiotis was specialized in physical medicine and rehabilitation in the USA in 1948, at a time when the medical world in post-war Greece was ignorant of this specific medical specialty, and the political, economic and social backdrop was incapable of accepting and understanding the wealth of scientific knowledge that he was trying to introduce. At this point it should be noted that the specialty of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation was established in Greece in 1973. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.9DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Nicolae Constantin Paulescu: the first explicit description of the internal secretion of the pancreas.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):303-322

Center of Diabetes, National Institute of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases "N.C.Paulescu", Bucharest, Romania.

The purpose of this article is to describe the research of Nicolae Constantin Paulescu and to emphasize his role in the discovery of insulin.

Methods: We made a thorough review of the literature and research in the Romanian Academy Archive in order to find adequate references.

Results: In 1912 N. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.8DOI Listing
December 2017
30 Reads

[Very late but too early... prof. Angelo Chiavaro and the Italian degree in dentistry].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):291-302

Università degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche e Biomediche, Perugia,

The birth of the Degree in Dentistry in Italy has been very troubled, and only in 1980 saw its effective implementation. Very "instructive" in this regard is the history on the establishment in 1924 (the period of the seizure of power by Fascism) of a "National School of Dentistry" at the University of Rome, which was withdrawn after only ten months. The biggest supporter and proponent of the School, Prof. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.7DOI Listing
December 2017
3 Reads

Devastating epidemics in recent ages Greek populations.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):283-290

Pharmacy Department, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens - Aretaieio University Hospital, Athens, Greece.

In the recent Greek ages the most devastating epidemics were plague, smallpox, leprosy and cholera. In 1816 plague struck the Ionian and Aegean Islands, mainland Greece, Constantinople and Smyrna. The Venetians ruling the Ionian Islands effectively combated plague in contrast to the Ottomans ruling all other regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.6DOI Listing
December 2017
24 Reads

[Renaissance medicine and the discovery of the lesser circulation: the role of Michael Servetus (1511-1553)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):271-282

Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Sezione di Storia della Medicina ed Etica, Università di Genova, Genova, Italia.

Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.5DOI Listing
December 2017
14 Reads

Rhazes, a pioneer in contribution to trials in medical practice.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):261-270

School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Medical history explains that Persian physicians used scientific methods based on clinical experiences and observations for treatment from pre-Islamic time (before 637 AD) and centuries later (in the Islamic era). Rhazes was one of the Persian physicians acknowledged as a pharmacist, chemist and prominent scientific writer on various subjects of medicine and philosophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate clinical experiences, as well as the ethical and critical views of Rhazes in medical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.4DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

Johann Gottlieb Walter (1734-1818) and the technical preparation of bones in an anatomical cabinet in the late eighteenth and nineteenth century.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):253-260

Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Insubria University, Varese, Italy.

This study aims to analyze Johann Gottlieb Walter's biography (1734-1818), a German physician that specialized in human anatomy, who received an award of the Göttingen Royal Academy of Sciences. Here, we describe his technique of preparing bones for educational purposes through the comparison of other widely used techniques. The article also focuses on the great historical, scientific and didactic values of the anatomical preparations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.3DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Crime and madness at the opposite shores of the Adriatic: moral insanity in Italian and Croatian psychiatric discourses.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):219-252

Department of History, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.

In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.2DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

[State school - polyclinic in Petrinja (1925-1945)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 12;15(2):192-218

Opća bolnica "Dr. Ivo Pedišić", Sisak - lokacija Petrinja, Petrinja, Hrvatska.

What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31952/amha.15.2.1DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads