291 results match your criteria Acta medico-historica adriatica : AMHA[Journal]


[Professor dr. Zdravko Kučić (1910-1961), Promoter of the Hospital Service in Post-War Rijeka].

Authors:
Juraj Kučić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):319-330

Gimnazijske stube 5, 51000 Rijeka, Hrvatska.

Dr Zdravko Kučić was born in Bakar on 11 April 1910. In1928 he finished the Gymnasium in Sušak and graduated from the School of Medicine, University of Belgrade in1934. After completing the internship in Zagreb, he worked at the General Public Hospital "King Alexander I" in Sušak as a secondary doctor of medicine and later as an assistant at the Internal Department. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Between Supervision and Functionality: The Architecture of the Institute for the Insane in Stenjevec].

Authors:
Vinko Drača

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):303-318

Odsjek za povijest, Filozofski Fakultet, Ivana Lučića 3, 10 000 Zagreb, Hrvatska.

This paper reviews the architecture of the Royal National Institute for the Insane in Stenjevec during its construction and the first years of its existence. Since the opening of the Institute in 1879 until the end of the World War I, there were numerous adaptations and extensions of the original capacities. The paper shows how these extensions reflected the existing paradigm of the institutional architecture in the second half of the 19th century. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

[Enrico Bottini (1835-1903), Italian Physician and Politician: A Master of Antisepsis and a Pioneer of Modern Surgery].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):293-302

Università di Genova, Genova, Italia

Enrico Bottini (Stradella, Pavia, 7 September 1835 - Porto Maurizio, Sanremo, 11 March 1903) was a multifaceted surgeon, who left a strong mark in modern surgery, not only Italian but worldwide. A pupil of Porta and Ribeti, as well as the distinguished French surgeon and anatomist Charles-Marie-Édouard Chassaignac, he has dedicated himself throughout his career to various areas of medicine, ranging from bacteriology and anti-sepsis (use of a derivative of phenic acid) to urological surgery (the so-called "endo-urethral galva-cauterization", also called Bottini's operation, or Perineal incision according to Bottini). He has also successfully dedicated himself to gynecology (trans-vaginal hysterectomy for uterine cancer and surgical treatment of vesicovaginal fistulas), maxillofacial surgery (endo-oral resection of the maxilla, subperiosteal resection of the mandible for the treatment of the stable jaw, total amputation of the larynx and the tongue for carcinomas), the dermosurgery (use of the electrocautery), and the vascular surgery (resection of the inferior vena cava). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The Curative Role of Bitumen in Traditional Persian Medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):283-292

Department of Traditional Persian Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Zand Street, 71397-48479 Shiraz, Iran.

Aim: Bitumen is a natural substance effusing from rocks' notches in some highland areas; it has been known as an effective remedy for treating some illnesses. Considering pain relieving properties of bitumen in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) sources, this study aims to review the viewpoints of TPM sages regarding bitumen in the context of traditional Persian medicine. It also provides applicable information for interested researchers to conduct well-designed clinical trials and evaluate therapeutic effects of bitumen claimed in TPM sources. Read More

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December 2018

Revisiting Avicenna's (ad 980-1037) Anatomical Concepts of the Musculoskeletal and Peripheral Nervous Systems in the Canon of Medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):267-282

School of Anatomical Sciences, The University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, 7, York Road, Parktown,Johannesburg, South Africa.

Avicenna, as he is known in the West, was a famous Persian Muslim physician and influential philosopher-scientist of the medieval Islamic world. He wrote and compiled the Canon of Medicine text, a book which was adopted as the main text of medicine at the most Persian and Western universities. The book consists of basic medical sciences, applied clinical sciences and pharmacology. Read More

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December 2018

Nikolaos Louros (1898-1986): The Reformer of Greek Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the 20th Century.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):253-266

History of Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, 71003, Vasilika Vouton, P.O. Box 2208, 71003 Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

The present article reports on the career of Professor Nikolaos Louros and his contribution to the development of obstetrics and gynaecology. The data presented is based on desk research with the aim to gather and analyse relevant credible information from documents existing in primary and secondary resources in the archive of Foundation History of Medicine N. Louros. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The Saint George Quarantine Station of Piraeus, Greece (1865-1947).

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):239-252

Department of Microbiology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Mikras Asias 75, Athens 115-27, Greece.

For centuries, the marine quarantine system was the major protection of the public health against serious infectious diseases around the world. The present study reconstructs the history of the Quarantine Station of Piraeus, one of the largest Mediterranean ports, known as the "Lazaretto of Saint George", as a vital element in the maritime sanitary protection of Greece. Our research will investigate the impact left by this institution on public health, as well as on the economic life of the port of Piraeus and the adjacent capital city of Athens. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Johann Bachoven von Echt (1515-1576) and his work on scurvy: An omen of Vesalius' death?

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):203-238

Clinical pathology, Stedelijk Ziekenhuis, Roeselare, Belgium.

A discussion is given of the figure of Johann Bachoven von Echt and his family, and on his work on scurvy. The disease is evaluated as a possible cause of the death of Andreas Vesalius. Echt's relationship with Jan Wier and his connections with Vesalius and Metellus are illustrated. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A historical approach to syphilis infection in Korea.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):185-202

Lab of Bioanthropology, Paleopathology and History of Diseases, Department of Anatomy/Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

From the end of the 15th century, syphilis spread worldwide, posing a serious threat to public health. Venereal syphilis has been a major research topic, not only in clinical medicine but also in paleopathology, especially because it is a disease of questionable origin and of high prevalence until the discovery of antibiotics. Syphilis in history has been studied extensively in Europe and the Americas, though less so in Asia. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Innovative use of magnesium oxide in the treatment of "neuralgia of the celiac plexus of rheumatic origin" by G. Moscati in 1923.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):157-166

Department of Diagnostic and Clinical Medicine and Public Health, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

We presented and discussed one interesting medical prescription by doctor Giuseppe Moscati (1880-1927), who prescribed magnesium oxide (magnesia usta) to a patient with the diagnosis of "neuralgia of the celiac plexus of rheumatic origin". Besides the traditional use of magnesium as antacid remedy at the time, we raised the hypothesis that magnesium could be administered by Moscati in order to treat the neuralgia itself. Considering the scientific background of Moscati at the school of Filippo Bottazzi (1867-1941), a father of Italian biochemistry, we suggested that the doctor tried to apply the preliminary concepts acquired from electrophysiological studies on magnesium to his clinical practice. Read More

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June 2018
7 Reads

[A comparison between Giovan Battista Rini and Paolo Gorini].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):145-156

Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, Italia.

This short paper aims to explore analogies between the two famous embalmers from Lombardy, Giovan Battista Rini and Paolo Gorini. These extraordinary figures are wellknown due to their petrified specimens and are compared on the basis of preparation typologies, materials employed and the shroud of mystery that characterized their stories. Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

Tapping on the chest of history. Lost and found memories of Leopold Auenbrugger, inventor of percussion, in Austria and beyond.

Authors:
Luca Borghi

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):127-144

Institute of Philosophy of Scientific and Technological Practice (FAST), University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy.

Leopold Auenbrugger (1722-1809), the inventor of percussion, joins René Laennec as the father of modern physical examination. On the occasion of the bicentennial of the invention of the stethoscope (1816), I went in search of the material footprints left by Auenbrugger in his homeland, Austria. This attempt led me to construct a rather fragmented picture, with some disillusionment (e. Read More

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The concept of portal system obstruction in Avicenna's canon of medicine.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):115-126

Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Historical literature on portal hypertension is mainly focused on the contemporary advances in therapeutic methods, especially surgical ones. However, it seems that the origin of the human knowledge on the portal system, its association with the caval system, obstructive pathologies in this system and the gastrointestinal bleeding due to hepatic diseases might be much older than previously believed. Avicenna provided a detailed anatomy of the portal venous system and its feeding branches in the Canon of Medicine. Read More

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December 2017
10 Reads

Pheidias Apollonius (ca. 4th century BC), unveiling the ancient Greek medico-philosophical school of the island of Rhodes.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):107-114

History of Medicine, Anatomy Department, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

The ancient Greek medico-philosophical school of the island of Rhodes was lost in the fog of history. However, the discovery of a stone column dedicated to Pheidias unveiled somehow some parts of its tale. The Island of Rhodes became in the 4th century BC a place of significant process in philosophy and medicine. Read More

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June 2018
13 Reads

Public health experiences from interwar Croatia (Yugoslavia) and making western medicine in the 1930s China.

Authors:
Željko Dugac

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):75-106

Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences, Divison for the History and Philosophy of Science, Department of Philosophy of Science, Zagreb, Croatia.

To gain control and domination over a particular territory, medicine was often used as a tool for promoting different interests. Using the activities of the League of Nations Health Organization and the Rockefeller Foundation on the territory of China in 1930s, this paper analyses the interconnection of the international and local factors in the transformation of the traditional Chinese milieu to suit the new and trendy public health projects. These activities were conducted not only to improve the public health conditions in the country, but also to introduce the Chinese public health to the processes of internationalization and standardization to the west oriented type of medicine and medical education. Read More

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June 2018
15 Reads

[Father and sons: Feller family members in the context of the beginnings of advertising in Croatia].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):49-74

Arhiv za likovne umjetnosti, Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Zagreb, Hrvatska.

This paper presents the role of Eugen Viktor Feller, a pharmacist and factory owner, with an emphasis on his marketing strategy in advertising his pharmacy specialty Elsa. Various types of contemporary press and advertising leaflets and packaging were used as a starting point for analysis. The abundance of the collected material provided an insight into Feller's communication strategy of the approach to consumers, comparing advertising in different media and time spans. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Francisco Arceo de Fregenal and the treatment of clubfoot up to the sixteenth century.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):19-48

Área de Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales, Equipo de Historia de la Ciencia y Antropología de la Salud, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.

The correction of clubfoot as a subject of study is somewhat unusual, especially if one considers that up until the Renaissance only two authors dealt with the subject of this inherited disorder. On the one hand is Ambroise Paré, whose contributions to traumatology and orthopaedics are staggering, and on the other, Francisco Arceo de Fregenal, also known as the Ambroise Paré of Spain. Both men developed a method for treating this condition, and a special orthopaedic shoe. Read More

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[200th birth anniversary of Ignatius Philipp Semmelweis].

Authors:
Bruno Atalić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Jun;16(1):9-18

Klinički zavod za radiologiju, Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka, Rijeka, Hrvatska.

Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis's significance for the history of medicine lies in his discovery of the cause of puerperal fever. He discovered it during his work at the First Obstetrics Clinic of the Vienna's Allgemeines Krankenhaus. Since the mentioned Clinic, led by the doctors, had much higher mortality rates of the child-bearing women than the Second Obstetrics Clinic, led by the midwives, he wanted to determine the causes of such a state. Read More

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Detailed analysis of research and practice in the life of a pediatric surgeon in East Central Europe in the 20th century - an example of prof. Zofia Umiastowska-Sawicka.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):329-338

Department of Pathology, Non Public Health Care Unit, Kielce, Poland.

Professor Zofia Umiastowska Sawicka laid the foundations for modern pediatric surgery in Poland, first in Bialystok, and subsequently in Kielce. She was a student of Prof. Jan Kossakowski from Warsaw Medical University to be counted among his most talented and skilled disciples. Read More

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December 2017
6 Reads

John C. Carapanayiotis (1909-1999): the Greek radiologist and pioneer of physiatry in Greece.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):323-328

Radiology Imaging Department, General Hospital of Athens "G. Gennimatas", Athens, Greece.

John C. Carapanayiotis was specialized in physical medicine and rehabilitation in the USA in 1948, at a time when the medical world in post-war Greece was ignorant of this specific medical specialty, and the political, economic and social backdrop was incapable of accepting and understanding the wealth of scientific knowledge that he was trying to introduce. At this point it should be noted that the specialty of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation was established in Greece in 1973. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

Nicolae Constantin Paulescu: the first explicit description of the internal secretion of the pancreas.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):303-322

Center of Diabetes, National Institute of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases "N.C.Paulescu", Bucharest, Romania.

The purpose of this article is to describe the research of Nicolae Constantin Paulescu and to emphasize his role in the discovery of insulin.

Methods: We made a thorough review of the literature and research in the Romanian Academy Archive in order to find adequate references.

Results: In 1912 N. Read More

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December 2017
16 Reads

[Very late but too early... prof. Angelo Chiavaro and the Italian degree in dentistry].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):291-302

Università degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche e Biomediche, Perugia,

The birth of the Degree in Dentistry in Italy has been very troubled, and only in 1980 saw its effective implementation. Very "instructive" in this regard is the history on the establishment in 1924 (the period of the seizure of power by Fascism) of a "National School of Dentistry" at the University of Rome, which was withdrawn after only ten months. The biggest supporter and proponent of the School, Prof. Read More

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December 2017

Devastating epidemics in recent ages Greek populations.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):283-290

Pharmacy Department, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens - Aretaieio University Hospital, Athens, Greece.

In the recent Greek ages the most devastating epidemics were plague, smallpox, leprosy and cholera. In 1816 plague struck the Ionian and Aegean Islands, mainland Greece, Constantinople and Smyrna. The Venetians ruling the Ionian Islands effectively combated plague in contrast to the Ottomans ruling all other regions. Read More

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December 2017
20 Reads

[Renaissance medicine and the discovery of the lesser circulation: the role of Michael Servetus (1511-1553)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):271-282

Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Sezione di Storia della Medicina ed Etica, Università di Genova, Genova, Italia.

Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Rhazes, a pioneer in contribution to trials in medical practice.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):261-270

School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Medical history explains that Persian physicians used scientific methods based on clinical experiences and observations for treatment from pre-Islamic time (before 637 AD) and centuries later (in the Islamic era). Rhazes was one of the Persian physicians acknowledged as a pharmacist, chemist and prominent scientific writer on various subjects of medicine and philosophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate clinical experiences, as well as the ethical and critical views of Rhazes in medical practice. Read More

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December 2017

Johann Gottlieb Walter (1734-1818) and the technical preparation of bones in an anatomical cabinet in the late eighteenth and nineteenth century.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):253-260

Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Insubria University, Varese, Italy.

This study aims to analyze Johann Gottlieb Walter's biography (1734-1818), a German physician that specialized in human anatomy, who received an award of the Göttingen Royal Academy of Sciences. Here, we describe his technique of preparing bones for educational purposes through the comparison of other widely used techniques. The article also focuses on the great historical, scientific and didactic values of the anatomical preparations. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

Crime and madness at the opposite shores of the Adriatic: moral insanity in Italian and Croatian psychiatric discourses.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):219-252

Department of History, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.

In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes. Read More

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December 2017

[State school - polyclinic in Petrinja (1925-1945)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):192-218

Opća bolnica "Dr. Ivo Pedišić", Sisak - lokacija Petrinja, Petrinja, Hrvatska.

What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County. Read More

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December 2017

The fiftieth anniversary of the Croatian scientific society for the history of health culture.

Authors:
Igor Eterović

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(2):185-192

Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.

This paper presents the impressive activity of the Croatian Society for the History of Health Culture on the occasion of the half-century anniversary. The short overall historical review of the Society's history is given, and three particularly important projects are highlighted: the science conventions "Rijeka and its Citizens in Medical History" ("Rijeka i Riječani u medicinskoj povjesnici"), the scientific journal AMHA - Acta medico-historica Adriatica, and the special section called "In honour of Asclepius and Orpheus" ("Asklepiju i Orfeju u čast"). Read More

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December 2017

Development of homologous skin, bone and other soft tissues transplantation in Slovenia.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):151-158

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.

In Slovenia, transplantation of tissues such as skin and bone was successfully following global trends throughout its history. First documented homologous skin graft was already mentioned back in 1901. Alongside with new discoveries in immunology and advancements in burn surgery, skin transplantation development surged in the second half of 20th century. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

IVth scientific congress of Central society of balneologists of Austria in Opatija, 1904.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):141-150

Slovenian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The authors were interested in the lectures' themes, organisation, the course, and the accompanied activities at the balneology congress in Opatija in 1904. The congress was organised by the principle of the health resort at the time Professor Dr Julius Glax, and consisted of two separate parts. The first part was held in Opatija from October 13 until 15, 1904. Read More

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December 2017

[The final resting-places of some physicians at Rijeka cemeteries Kozala and Trsat of the 19th & 20th century].

Authors:
Daina Glavočić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):129-140

Zagrebačka 13, 51000 Rijeka, Hrvatska.

Nowadays, cemeteries are becoming interesting tourist destinations and places of interest for domestic citizens or chance travellers who, by visiting cemeteries, wish to gain more insight into the city they are visiting. It is through the tombstones that cemeteries offer a plethora of diverse information about their city and the inhabitants who had built them. The gravestones keep memories about religion, lettering, language or wealth and power, as well as the many artistic styles throughout the graveyards history. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

New contributions to the study of the life and work of Vinko Frančišković (1919-1984), pioneer of Croatian cardiothoracic and transplantation surgery.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):119-128

Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Croatia.

Aim: To explore personal biography of Vinko Frančišković (1919-1984), to improve the understanding of the beginnings of Croatian cardiothoracic and transplantation surgery.

Methods: Comparative critical analysis of written published materials, archival materials and information collected through oral history interviews.

Results: Vinko Serafin Frančišković was born in Praputnjak, a settlement of the eastern surroundings of Rijeka, Croatia. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

[Presentation of the medical activity of dr Valentin Lucas as the first specialist of the obstetrics-gynaecology and venerology in Rijeka, Pula and Labin at the end of the 19th and early 20th century].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):111-118

Creska 2, 52221 Rabac, Hrvatska.

Dr Valentin Lucas was born in Labin on 19 March 1873. His ancestors moved to Labin from Gora (near Labin) in the 17th century. Valentin was a common name in his family. Read More

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December 2017

[Frequency of verbs with psychiatric or psychological characteristics made by the Croatian prefixes po and pri in the speech of the eastern part of the Croatian Ravni Kotari region].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):99-110

Velog Jože 5, 51410 Opatija, Hrvatska.

A prefix (a category of an affix) added in front of the radix or the base make together one unit, determining the significance or grammatical function of the word. Our intention is to research the verbs with psychiatric or psychological characteristics made with the Croatian prefixes po and pri in the determined linguistic types. One linguistic material (issue) of the speech of the eastern part of the Croatian Ravni Kotari region (one of the types of the Croatian štokavska ikavica dialect), which had before been collected by brothers Alojz and Eduard Pavlović, was used for this research. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

[Holy Trinity monument in the city of Osijek].

Authors:
Bruno Atalić

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):83-98

Klinički zavod za radiologiju, Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka, Rijeka, Hrvatska.

Plague was one of the most deadly epidemic diseases of the Baroque period. Responses to it were not only medical, but religious as well. A good example of the latter is the Most Holy Trinity monument in the city of Osijek, which was in the 18th century the biggest town of the Kingdom of Slavonia and today is the regional centre in the Republic of Croatia. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

Sanitary conditions in the Austrohungarian war harbour Pola (Pula, Croatia) in 1916-17: foundation of the Hygienic Institute.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):67-82

Teaching Institute of Public Health/Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.

Since 1850 the town of Pola (today Pula, Croatia) underwent big changes and growth due to its transformation into the principal military port of Austrian-Hungarian Empire. Besides the Admiralty that governed the naval actions, the harbor was supported by different organizations needed for normal functioning of the harbor. One of this organizations was Naval Technical Committee (Marine Technisches Komitee), founded in 1874 with the purpose of solving the technical and technological issues related to the navy. Read More

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December 2017
43 Reads

[Red Cross war hospital in Rijeka (1914-1918)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):47-66

Državni arhiv u Rijeci, Hrvatska.

The article describes how the system of medical care for wounded soldiers in Rijeka during the First World War was organized. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire the hospital care for sick and wounded soldiers, except of a military health care, was under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Red Cross. The Municipal Committee of the Hungarian Red Cross in Rijeka, established in 1881, renewed its previously suspended activity in August 1914, with the task of starting a war hospital for wounded soldiers. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

[In honour of Asclepius and Orpheus - ten years of activities on the popularization of connections between medicine and music].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):37-44

Klinički zavod za radiologiju, Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka, Hrvatska.

Art is defined as the expression or application of the human creative skill and imagination, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power. "Ars medica" and "Ars musica" represent two concepts which have been mutually intertwined since the ancient times. Through history, many extraordinary physicians have shown talent towards making and performing music. Read More

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December 2017

[Journal AMHA - Acta medico-historica Adriatica: 14 years of patient work on the scientific valorisation of the history of medicine].

Authors:
Igor Eterović

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):25-36

Katedra za društvene i humanističke znanosti u medicini, Medicinski fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci, Rijeka, Hrvatska.

In this paper the first 14 years of publication of scientific journal AMHA - Acta medico‑historica Adriatica (2002-2016) are presented and shortly analysed. This journal has undoubtedly become and remained the central activity of the Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture, which has rapidly become a globally esteemed journal of history of medicine. The beginning and the context of publishing the journal with the reference to scientific meeting "Rijeka and Its Citizens in Medical History" is presented, as well as the journal's profiling into distinguished international journal and its fast development in later years. Read More

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December 2017

[Scientific conference Rijeka and its citizens in Medical History 2000-2016].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):19-24

Katedra za društvene i humanističke znanosti u medicini, Medicinski fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci, Rijeka.

This paper presents the form and content of the sixteen scientific conferences "Rijeka and its Citizens in Medical History" ("Rijeka i Riječani u medicinskoj povjesnici") which were held in the period between 2000 and 2016 according to the archive data of the conference organizer Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture. It presents data about the beginning of science convention, some its organisational features and the number of participants. A total of 315 presentations, whose abstracts were published in individual conference's abstract books, were given at the sixteen conventions by 463 participants from Croatia and abroad. Read More

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December 2017

[On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the Croatian scientific society for the history of health culture].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Dec;15(Suppl1):11-18

Odjel za psihijatriju, Opća bolnica Karlovac, Andrije Štampara 3, 47000 Karlovac.

A group of intellectuals, predominantly lecturers from the Faculty of Medicine, founded in Rijeka on May 29, 1966 the branch of the Yugoslav Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture, which after the independence of Croatia in 1991 continues its work under the name Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture. Over the past 50 years, within activities of the Society more than 250 professional and scientific conferences have been held in Rijeka and other Croatian cities. In addition, a dozen of professional-scientific trips to neighbouring countries were organized. Read More

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December 2017
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[Approach to illness and death of Vadinienses in roman Hispania (I-IV centuries)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):147-168

Sección de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Avd. Islas Baleares, 3, 09006 Burgos, Spain.

The Vadinienses were a Cantabrian people who lived between the first and fourth centuries in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, northeast of the present province of León and the corresponding part of the current territory of Asturias. In this paper we study the possible causes of illness and death of the Vadinienses represented in their gravestones. The analysis of Vadinienses epitaphs shows that two-thirds of the deaths occurred in people between the ages of 20-30, a finding that is not interpreted as representative of the usual age of death at that time. Read More

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June 2017
4 Reads

Paul Langerhans: a prilgrim "traveling" from functional histology to marine biology.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):139-146

Victor Babeș University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Histology, Angiogenesis Research Center Timisoara, Piata Eftimie Murgu nr. 2, 00041, Timisoara, Romania.

The nineteenth century was the time of a real revolution in science and medicine. A lot of seminal discoveries in medicine and biology were done in this time, and many of them were coincident with the introduction of the compound microscope by Hermann van Deijl and the standard histological technique by Paul Ehrlich. The main tissue types and individual cells were characterized and originally classified more than hundred years ago, although less attention was paid to their basic functions. Read More

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June 2017
5 Reads

Professors, principals and textbooks from the Midwifery school in Zadar.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):109-138

Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture of Vojvodina, Section for History of Medicine of Serbian Physician Society, Medical Faculty of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.

Midwifery in Dalmatia was highly undeveloped at the beginning of the XIX century. The health report from 1813 suggested that there were only 48 midwives in the whole province, and none of them with a degree from the midwifery school. After abolishing the Central Schools ("Ecoles Centrales"), which were founded at the time of French reign, and which had the university range, the professors who stayed in Zadar continued their work and teaching in the Midwifery School, which was founded in 1820 according to the decision made by Emperor Franz I, and started working in 1821. Read More

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June 2017
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Human urine-based therapeutics in Spain from the early 20th century to the present: a historical literature overview and a present-day case study.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):73-108

Departamento de Terapéutica Médico-Quirúrgica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.

Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Read More

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June 2017
7 Reads

Trepanation and enlarged parietal foramen on skulls from the Loyalty Islands (Melanesia).

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):67-72

Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Russian Academy of Science, Centre of Physical Anthropology, Moscow, Russia.

The goal of this study is a comprehensive examination of openings discovered on two skulls in the collection of skeletal remains from the Loyalty Islands (Melanesia). The skull No. 1524 displayed an evidence of successful trepanation, and the skull No. Read More

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June 2017
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Framing "our social disaster": narratives of disease and sexuality in Turkey's early republic.

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):51-66

Department of Geography, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

For the early Turkish republic, resource shortages, illiteracy, and geography combined to hamper any achievement of the immediate and universal diffusion of state-authored lessons in public health throughout the country's populace. One of the first steps taken to overcome these obstacles involved the production and publication of a medical atlas. Ideally, this text would serve both to standardize care provided by the state's health professionals and to inform the entire population of their public health obligations and compel their compliance; longer lives, prosperity, and a stronger nation were the promised outcomes. Read More

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[Health maps of a historical population in nineteenth-century Friuli (Northeastern Italy)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):31-50

Dipartimento di Scienze economiche e statistiche - Università di Udine, Udine, Italia.

This paper aims at presenting some health maps of a historical population. The studies on the health status of past populations are usually focused on the causes of death. Our purpose is to present some descriptive analyses on non-deadly diseases. Read More

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[The Black Eagle pharmacy in Petrinja - first civil pharmacy on the territory of Banska krajina].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):9-30

Arhiv za likovne umjetnosti, Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Zagreb, Hrvatska.

The Black Eagle pharmacy was founded in 1772 as a branch of the eponymous Karlovac pharmacy and was the oldest civil pharmacy on the territory of Banska krajina. Based on the archival sources, newspapers of the time, and the documentation preserved within the owner's family, its historical background and ownership chronology are presented in this paper. Special attention was dedicated to the Panac family, which led the pharmacy through four generations, from 1822 until 1950. Read More

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June 2017
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