893 results match your criteria Acta medica Hradec Kralove[Journal]


Intradural Extramedullary Epidermoid Cyst at the Conus Medullaris Level with Thoracic Syringomyelia: A Case Report.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):39-42

Firat University Hospital, Departments of Neurosurgery Elazig, Turkey.

Spinal epidermoid cysts are benign tumors. Syringomyelia secondary to intramedullary tumors are frequently observed. However, the association between syringomyelia and spinal intradural extramedullary epidermoid cyst in the conus medullaris region is extremely rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.45DOI Listing
January 2019

Actinomycotic Endomyometritis Associated with a Long-Term Use of Intrauterine Device Lasting for 42 Years.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):35-38

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty Hospital in Žilina, Slovakia.

In women, pelvic actinomycosis is closely associated with prolonged use of the intrauterine devices (IUD). A 70-year old female presented with intermittent blood-stained vaginal discharge. An analysis of her history revealed, she was inserted with an IUD 42 years ago, but it has remained in situ untill now. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.44DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cytotoxic Effects of Pistacia Atlantica (Baneh) Fruit Extract on Human KB Cancer Cell Line.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):30-34

Department of Immunology and Shiraz Institute for Cancer Researches, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Plants with anticancer properties are considered as cancer preventive and treatment sources, due to their some biological effects. Apoptosis induction and anti-proliferative effects of Baneh extract on various cancer cell lines have been reported. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of this fruit on KB and human gingival fibroblast cell lines (HGF). Read More

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https://actamedica.lfhk.cuni.cz/62/1/0030/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.43DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Thoracic Radiography Characteristics of Drug Sensitive Tuberculosis and Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis: A Study of Indonesian National Tuberculosis Prevalence Survey.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):24-29

Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a burden globally, including Indonesia. The primary objective of this study is to reveal the chest radiography characteristic of drug-sensitive TB (DS-TB) and multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) in the Indonesian national tuberculosis prevalence survey 2013-2014. The secondary objective is to explore the correlation and incidence rate of chest radiography lesion of DS-TB and MDR-TB cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.42DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Nightstick Fractures, Outcomes of Operative and Non-Operative Treatment.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):19-23

Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, United Kingdom.

Introduction: A nightstick fracture is an isolated fracture of the ulnar shaft. Although operative and non-operative treatments have been commonly decided by the degree of displacement of the fracture, still there is a controversy specially in those moderately displaced. Herein we report our experience with nightstick fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.41DOI Listing
January 2019

Alteration of Thiol-Disulfide Homeostasis in Fibromyalgia Syndrome.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):12-18

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is an extra-articular rheumatological disease, characterized by widespread pain and somatic symptoms. The etiology has not yet been clarified. Oxidative stress may play an important role in FMS etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.40DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders Symptoms Among Czech Dental Students. Part 2: The Predictive Value of Digital Assessment.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):6-11

Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Charles University, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

This article is the second part of an evaluation of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) prevalence among dental students. As the majority of complaints are in the back region, there is an endeavor to analyze objectively the disorders in this region. One of the non-invasive and non-radiation methods is the spinal curve mapping using the Spinal Mouse® device (Idiag AG, Fehraltorf, Switzerland). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.39DOI Listing
January 2019
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Dual Tracer 99mTc-Pertechnetate/99mTc-MIBI Dual-Time-Point SPECT/CT Parathyroid Gland Assessment Regarding to Parathyroid Gland Size and Biochemical Parameters - Two Years Single Imaging Centre Experience.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2019 ;62(1):1-5

Nuclear Medicine Department, University Hospital Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Preoperative parathyroid imaging is inevitable part of focused parathyroid surgery. The aim of our study was assessment of parathyroid scintigraphy diagnostic accuracy regarding to size and metabolic parameters of hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue.

Material And Methods: Parathyroid scintigraphy for suspected primary hyperparathyroidism was performed in 95 patients during years 2015 and 2016. Read More

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https://actamedica.lfhk.cuni.cz/62/1/0001/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2019.38DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Pharyngeal Papilloma: a Rare Non-Pulmonary Cause of Hemoptysis.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):158-161

Department of Pneumonology, Army General Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece.

The most common benign neoplasm of the pharynx is papilloma. It is characterized by bulging brittle lesions, which are pedicled or sessile, whitish-grey or pinkish colour. Progressive hoarseness is the main clinical feature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.136DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Primary Hepatic Leiomyosarcoma: a Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):153-157

Second Department of Propedeutic Surgery, "Laiko" General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School, Athens, Greece.

Background/aim: Primary hepatic leiomyosarcoma is an extremely rare type of liver sarcoma with relatively poor prognosis, with about 50 cases having been reported in the literature. Potential origins of this tumor in the liver are the smooth muscle cells in the round ligament, intrahepatic blood vessels and intrahepatic bile ducts. There is no apparent sex predilection and there is a wide age range. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.135DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Anaplastic Carcinoma Thyroid in a Young Child - an Extremely Rare Occurrence.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):150-152

Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), one of the most aggressive malignancies, is extremely rare in childhood. We present a case of 5-yearold child who presented with rapidly progressing thyroid swelling and stridor, for which she underwent emergency tracheostomy and biopsy. Histopathological features were suggestive of ATC and the patient died within two months after diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.134DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Topiramate Reduces Aortic Cross-Clamping-Induced Lung Injury in Male Rats.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):144-149

Camlica Erdem Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Topiramate (TPM) decreases cytokine release and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cytokine and endothelin-1 (ET-1) secretion and ROS formation play an important role in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. We aimed to evaluate whether TPM prevents damage occurring in lung tissue during I/R. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.133DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Histological Features of Oral Cavity Mucous Membrane Epithelium in Six-Month-Old Experimental Animals Born with Macrosomia.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):137-143

Institute of Physiology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Department of Biomathematics, Czech Republic.

We examined the histological features of the mucobuccal fold of oral cavity mucous membrane from the area of the masticatory teeth roots' projection in 6-month-old Wistar Albino Glaxo rats with fetal macrosomia. The animals were divided into groups according to the body weight, the body length, and the Quetelet index at birth. A morphological study was performed using the Leica SP8 AOBS laser scanning confocal microscope and a conventional light (Axiostar, Zeiss) microscopy. Read More

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https://actamedica.lfhk.cuni.cz/61/4/0137/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.132DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders Symptoms among Czech Dental Students. Part 1: a Questionnaire Survey.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):131-136

Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Charles University, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) frequently occur among dentists and dental students. The first aim of this study was to gather and analyze information about the prevalence of symptoms of MSDs. The second aim was to determine a correlation between subjectively described complaints and the results of an objective examination of the spine using the Spinal Mouse® device; that part is described in the second section of this article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.131DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiological Profile and Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern of Enteric Fever in a Tertiary Care Hospital of North India - a Seven Year Ambispective Study.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):125-130

Army College of Medical Sciences and Base Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Enteric-fever is a major public-health problem in developing countries emerging as multidrug-resistant, Nalidixic-acid resistant and extremely drug-resistant Salmonella (Pakistan, 2016), has intensified the use of WHO watch/reserve group antimicrobials such as azithromycin and meropenem.

Methods: This ambispective-study was conducted on 782 non-repeat blood-culture isolates of S. Typhi, S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.130DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Patients' Expectations in Lens Extraction Surgery: a Systematic Review.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(4):115-124

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Dragana, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

It is common knowledge that there are patients who have an uncomplicated cataract surgery with an actual improvement of their visual acuity, but they are dissatisfied with their final visual capacity. It is hypothesized that patients' preoperative expectations play a significant role in their postoperative perceptions. A systematic review of the recent literature regarding preoperative expectations of patients before lens extraction surgery and their postoperative perceptions as regards the visual outcome was performed based on the PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, American Academy of Ophthalmology, Nature and Springer databases in September 2017 and data from 14 descriptive and 7 comparative studies were included in this narrative review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.129DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

Polyneuropathy, Myocardial Dysfunction and Pericardial Effusion Following Duodenal Switch.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(3):111-113

Department of Medicine E, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Duodenal Switch procedure is a type of bariatric surgery that was reserved for severely morbid obese people. Patients undergoing this procedure are at high risk for nutrient deficiencies. In this report we present a case of a patient who had developed polyneuropathy, generalized muscle weakness, Wernicke encephalopathy, myocardial dysfunction and pericardial effusion six years following this operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.128DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Adult Bochdalek Hernia with Organo-Axial Gastric Volvulus: Misdiagnosed as Hydropneumothorax.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(3):108-110

Department of Surgery, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, University of Delhi, Delhi, India.

Bochdalek hernia (BH) in an adult may manifest clinically with a myriad of abdominal or chest symptoms or a combination of them. Diagnosis of an adult BH is usually delayed in view of rarity of the lesion and its varied presentation. A 30-year-old adult gentleman presented to us with a left thoracostomy which was draining pus and ingested food particles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.127DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Quality of Life after Reconstructive Surgery for Intestinal Fistulas.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(3):103-107

Department of Gerontology and Metabolism, Teaching Hospital Hradec Králové, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Background: This retrospective clinical study would like to objectively denote a quality of life of persons afflicted by an abdominal catastrophe and managed by an extensive surgery can be almost as well conformable as those of healthy people in a similar age group.

Methods: A set of eighteen patients who were successfully surgically treated and cured enjoyed a relatively good convalescence after their surgery and returned to a satisfactory standard of life from the point of view of organ function and psychosomatic state. Statistical analysis of the data collected over a period of 1 to 6 years after this complex therapy using special questionnaire for QOL assessment SF-36 was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.126DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Next Generation Sequencing in Molecular Diagnosis of Lynch Syndrome - a Pilot Study Using New Stratification Criteria.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(3):98-102

Department of Molecular Biology, Comenius University in Bratislava, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Slovakia.

The development of the new technologies such as the next-generation sequencing (NGS) makes more accessible the diagnosis of genetically heterogeneous diseases such as Lynch syndrome (LS). LS is one of the most common hereditary form of colorectal cancer. This autosomal dominant inherited disorder is caused by deleterious germline mutations in one of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes - MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 or PMS2, or the deletion in the EPCAM gene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.125DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Evaluation of Risk Stratification Markers and Models in Acute Pulmonary Embolism: Rationale and Design of the MARS-PE (Mainz Retrospective Study of Pulmonary Embolism) Study Programme.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(3):93-97

Department of Internal Medicine, St. Vincenz and Elisabeth Hospital Mainz (KKM), Mainz, Germany.

An acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a crucial event in patients' life and connected with serious morbidity and mortality. Regarding a high case-fatality rate, early and accurate risk-stratification is crucial. Risk for mortality and complications are closely related to hemodynamic stability and cardiac adaptations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.124DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-Like Weak Inducer of Apoptosis (Tweak) Independently Predicts Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Behcet's Disease.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(3):86-92

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Malatya State Hospital, Malatya, Turkey.

Background: Vasculopathy is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Behcet's Disease (BD). Subclinical atherosclerosis can even be detected in the early stage of BD. Soluble tumor necrosis factor-like (TNF) weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is known as a good marker of the inflammation in vascular tree. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.123DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Endothelial Dysfunction in Children with Juvenile Psoriatic Arthritis.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(3):79-85

Department of Dermatology, A. Reiman's Hospital, Prešov, Slovakia.

Background: To evaluate the presence of endothelial dysfunction in Slovak children with juvenile psoriatic arthritis in the absence of classic cardiovascular risk factors in order to assess its relationship to the disease activity and disability.

Methods: 25 juvenile psoriatic arthritis patients (JPSA) and 25 healthy controls aged 6-19 years were enrolled into this study. In all subjects vascular measurements over a period of three years (January 2013 - January 2016) were performed, in accordance with the guidelines for ultrasonographic evaluation of FMD% (flow-mediated endothelial dependent vasodilatation) of the brachial artery. Read More

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https://actamedica.lfhk.cuni.cz/61/3/0079/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.122DOI Listing
January 2018
16 Reads

Cerebral Infarction in Young Marijuana Smokers - Case Reports.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):74-77

Department of Neurology, Comprehensive Stroke Center, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Causality of marijuana abuse with development of ischemic stroke has been indicated by numerous case reports and epidemiological studies. As a possible pathophysiological mechanism, the most common consideration is cardiac embolization during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, systemic hypotension or multifocal intracerebral vasoconstriction.

Case Reports: We present three case reports of marijuana consumers who were admitted to our comprehensive stroke center due to ischemic stroke within 18-month period of our investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.56DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Topping Phenomenon with Recurrent Spinal Stenosis and Epidural Fibrosis Prevented with Oxidized Cellulose - a Case Report.

Authors:
Radek Hart

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):69-73

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, General Hospital Znojmo, Czech Republic.

Lumbar spinal stenosis is a condition where the neural structures are compressed in the narrowed spinal canal and often situated only within a single specific segment of the spine, most frequently in the lumbar spine. A case report demonstrates a surgical solution of lumbar spinal stenosis with using oxidized cellulose as a prevention of post-operative adhesions and failed back syndrome. A female patient (68) with a significant pain of the lumbar spine lasting for a number of months due to advanced spondylosis, failing to respond to conservative treatment underwent instrumented, posterolateral fusion of affected segments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.55DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Abnormal Communication between Lateral Thoracic Artery and Anterior Circumflex Humeral Artery - a Case Report.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):65-68

Department of Anatomy, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India.

Variations in the branching pattern of axillary artery are observed by many anatomists all over the world. A unique bilateral variation in the axillary artery was observed during the routine dissection of the upper limbs on an approximately 65 year old male cadaver. An abnormal communicative channel was observed between lateral thoracic artery and anterior circumflex humeral artery. Read More

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https://actamedica.lfhk.cuni.cz/61/2/0065/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.54DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

From Ataxia to Diagnosis of Askin Tumor - a Case Report.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):60-64

University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia.

Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors (pPNET) are a group of extremely rare, aggressive, malignant tumors that are most often found in the thorax (Askin tumor), abdomen, pelvis, extremities and less frequently in the head and neck. The most important prognostic factor is the stage of the tumor. Significant progress both in surgery and in neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy, as well as the improvement in diagnosis by cytogenetic and immunohistochemical analysis, should improve the survival rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.53DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

A Long-Term Control of Intramedullary Thoracic Spinal Cord Metastasis from Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):57-59

Division of Respiratory Medicine, Mito Medical Center, University of Tsukuba.

Radiotherapy with systemic corticosteroid therapy has been used to treat intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), but recovery of function and long-term survival of these patients has been rarely observed. We report herein a small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patient with recurrent thoracic ISCM, who was successfully treated with radiotherapy and systemic corticosteroid therapy. A 70-year-old man, who was diagnosed as having SCLC seven months previously, developed thoracic ISCM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.52DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Severe Hypocalcemia and Extreme Elevation of Serum Creatinkinase in a 16-Year Old Boy with Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type Ib.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):53-56

Department of Pediatrics, Pardubice Hospital, Czech Republic.

Calcium is essential for proper muscular function and metabolism. Myopathy with high creatinkinase activity can be a rare manifestation of hypocalcemia of various origin, such as vitamin D deficiency, hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP). 16-year old previously healthy boy was admitted to intensive care unit with convulsions lasting for three minutes and a transient loss of consciousness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.51DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Electrodermal Activity Monitoring During Painful Stimulation in Sedated Adult Intensive Care Unit Patients: a Pilot Study.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):47-52

Neurosurgeon, Laboratory of Physiology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction-Aim: Newer methods, such as infrared digital pupillometry and electrodermal activity (EDA) measurement have been suggested as good alternatives for analgesia monitoring in critically ill patients. This study analyzed EDA changes due to pain stimulus in sedated adult critical care patients Methods: Skin conductance variability, selected hemodynamic and respiratory parameters, Bispectral index (BIS) and ambient noise level, were monitored during 4 hour routine daytime in an adult ICU. 4h-Measurements were divided into 2 groups, based upon the sedation level of the patients: Group A - Ramsay Sedation Score 2-4 and Group B - Ramsay Sedation Score of 5-6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.50DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Tunica Vaginalis Thickening, Hemorrhagic Infiltration and Inflammatory Changes in 8 Children with Primary Hydrocele; Reactive Mesothelial Hyperplasia? A Prospective Clinical Study.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(2):41-46

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.

The aim of this study is to describe an entity of primary hydrocele accompanied with fibrosis, thickening and hemorrhagic infiltration of parietal layer of tunica vaginalis (PLTV). During a 4-year period (2011-2014), 94 boys (2.5-14 years old) underwent primary hydrocele repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.49DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Fountain's Sign as a Diagnostic Key in Acute Idiopathic Scrotal Edema: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(1):37-39

1st Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital 'G. Gennimatas', Thessaloniki, Greece.

The acute idiopathic scrotal edema (AISE) is a self-limited disease of unknown etiology, characterized by edema and erythema of the scrotum and the dartos, without expansion to the underlying layers of scrotum's wall or to the endoscrotal structures. Boys younger than 10 years old are usually involved in 60-90% of all cases. Diagnosis is made after exclusion of other causes of acute scrotum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.22DOI Listing
November 2018

A Bilateral, Non-syndromic, Type III Second Branchial Arch Sinus in a Neonate: a Case Report.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(1):33-36

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.

The incidence of a second branchial arch sinus accounts for 26-60% of all existing congenital malformations deriving from the branchial apparatus. They are most usually detected between 14 months and 7 years of age, while their incidence during neonatal period and infancy accounts for 0.06% of all cases. Read More

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https://actamedica.lfhk.cuni.cz/61/1/0033/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.21DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Giant Uterine Leiomyoma in a Young Woman as an Incidental Finding After a Car Accident: a Case Report.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(1):29-32

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty Hospital in Žilina, Slovakia.

Leiomyomas are the most common benign tumor of the uterus. Occasionally, they may reach an extreme dimension. The authors present a case of a 44-year old woman, who suffered a car accident as a driver of personal motor vehicle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.20DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Modulation of Rat Liver Regeneration after Partial Hepatectomy by Dietary Cholesterol.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(1):22-28

Department of Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Introduction: The aim of study was to evaluate impact of long-term dietary cholesterol overload on the cholesterol homeostasis and liver regeneration.

Material And Methods: Serum lipid parameters, 14C-cholesterol incorporation, liver DNA synthesis and protein expression was determined in partially hepatectomized (PH) rats fed with a standard (SLD) or hypercholesterolemic (CHOL) diet.

Results: 29-day intake of CHOL diet before PH produced increase in serum total cholesterol, LDL lipoprotein, and triglyceride concentration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.19DOI Listing
November 2018
28 Reads

Immunohistochemical Expression of CDC7 in Dentigerous Cyst, Odontogenic Keratocyst and Radicular Cyst.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(1):17-21

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Hormozgan Dental School, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Hormozgan, Bandar-Abbas, Iran.

CDC7 is a serine/threonine kinase which has an essential role in initiation of DNA proliferation and S phase. It increases the invasion and proliferation in many pathologic lesions. This study aimed to evaluate the expression of CDC7 in the most common odontogenic cysts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.18DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Exhaled Breath Condensate: Pilot Study of the Method and Initial Experience in Healthy Subjects.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(1):8-16

2nd Department of Internal Medicine - Gastroenterology, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, University Hospital Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Analysis of Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a re-discovered approach to monitoring the course of the disease and reduce invasive methods of patient investigation. However, the major disadvantage and shortcoming of the EBC is lack of reliable and reproducible standardization of the method. Despite many articles published on EBC, until now there is no clear consensus on whether the analysis of EBC can provide a clue to diagnosis of the diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.17DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Cryopreservation of Dental Stem Cells.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018;61(1):1-7

Department of Dentistry, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, and University Hospital, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Nowadays, regenerative and reparative medicine has grown in popularity. Dental stem cells are easily accessible source of adult stem cells. They can be harvested by a tooth extraction or spontaneous deciduous tooth exfoliation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.16DOI Listing
November 2018
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Amyand's Hernia: an Up-to-Date Review of the Literature.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(3):131-134

1st Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital "G. Gennimatas", Thessaloniki, Greece.

Amyand's hernia is defined as an inguinal hernia, containing the appendix within the hernia sac. Incidence of this rare condition rises up to 1% (0.19-1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.7DOI Listing
April 2018
6 Reads

Rare Abdominal Wall Malformation: Case Report of Umbilical Cord Hernia.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(3):127-130

Department of pediatric surgery, Children's Hospital Zagreb, Croatia.

The umbilical cord hernia is the rarest form of abdominal wall malformations, anatomically completely different from gastroschisis and omphalocele. It occurs due to the permanent physiological evisceration of abdominal organs into umbilical celom and persistence of a patent umbilical ring. The umbilical cord hernia is often mistaken for omphalocele and called "small omphalocele". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.6DOI Listing
April 2018
7 Reads

A Rare History: an Intracranial Nail Present for Over a Half-Century.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(3):124-126

Tepecik Research and Training Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Izmir, Turkey.

We present a rare case of a patient with a persistent headache for many years found to have an intracranial nail present for nearly 65 years. The nail was found entering approximately 1 cm from the midline on the left side, passing below the superior sagittal sinus, with the tip 1.5 mm right of the frontal horn of the lateral ventricle. Read More

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https://actamedica.lfhk.cuni.cz/60/3/0124/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.5DOI Listing
April 2018
9 Reads

Bilateral Simultaneous Testicular Torsion in a Newborn: Report of a Case.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(3):120-123

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital of Split, Split, Croatia.

Introduction: Testicular torsion is a urological emergency. If not recognized in time, this condition may result in ischaemic injury and loss of testis. Simultaneous bilateral neonatal testicular torsion is extremely rare and is usually misdiagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.4DOI Listing
April 2018
6 Reads

Comparative Evaluation of Effect of Nano-hydroxyapatite and 8% Arginine Containing Toothpastes in Managing Dentin Hypersensitivity: Double Blind Randomized Clinical Trial.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(3):114-119

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Govt. Dental College, Alappuzha, Kerala University Of Health Sciences, Thrissur, India.

Purpose: This double blind randomized clinical trial was conducted with the purpose of evaluating the effects of Nano-hydroxyapatite toothpaste as compared to 8% Arginine containing toothpaste in the management of Dentin hypersensitivity (DH).

Method And Materials: Patients (30 in each group) suffering from DH and eliciting a VAS score higher than 2 in air blast and tactile test were randomly allocated (block randomization) into either a group 1 (arginine toothpaste) or group 2 (nHA toothpaste). The primary outcome evaluated was the reduction of DH as measured by the electrical stimulus reading on the digital pulp tester. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.3DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

S100A4 Protein in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Results of a Single Centre Prospective Study.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(3):108-113

Charles University, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, University Hospital Hradec Králové, 2nd Department of Internal Medicine - Gastroenterology, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Introduction: The aim of our study was to assess association of serum S100A4 protein with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD).

Methods: Study included 118 subjects: 93 patients with CD, 16 with UC and 9 controls. In CD group, 20/93 patients had B1 phenotype, 19/93 B2, 20/93 B3 and 34/93 B2 + B3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.2DOI Listing
April 2018
40 Reads

Computer-Assisted versus Oral-and-Written History Taking for the Prevention and Management of Cardiovascular Disease: a Systematic Review of the Literature.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(3):97-107

Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Imperial College and Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Background And Objectives: CVD is an important global healthcare issue; it is the leading cause of global mortality, with an increasing incidence identified in both developed and developing countries. It is also an extremely costly disease for healthcare systems unless managed effectively. In this review we aimed to: - Assess the effect of computer-assisted versus oral-and-written history taking on the quality of collected information for the prevention and management of CVD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.1DOI Listing

Retinoblastoma: Magnetic Isotope Effects Might Make a Difference in the Current Anti-Cancer Research Strategy.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(2):93-96

School of Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, N. I. Pirogoff Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Human retinoblastoma cells were proven to possess some very unusual DNApolβ species. Being 23.5 kDa monomers, which itself is not common for the DNApolβ superfamily members, these chromatin associated proteins manifests most of the DNApolβ-specifc functional peculiarities making them legitimate targets for DNA repair cytostatic inhibitors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2017.101DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

A Case of Pseudoaneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery Following Endoscopic Endonasal Pituitary Surgery: Endovascular Treatment with Flow-Diverting Stent Implantation.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(2):89-92

Department of Neurosurgery, Saglik Bilimleri University, Tepecik Research and Training Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of endoscopic endonasal surgery occurring in 0.4-1.1% of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2017.100DOI Listing
June 2018
18 Reads

Parathyroidectomy in Hyperparathyroidism-Associated Calciphylaxis in End-Stage Renal Disease Should be Prompt and Radical - a Case Report with Two Original Therapeutic Modifications and Successful Outcome.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(2):85-88

Institute of Clinical Biochemistry and Diagnostics, University Hospital Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

We present a case of severe calciphylaxis in both thighs and calves in a patient with end-stage renal disease and advanced secondary hyperparathyroidism with successful outcome after modified therapeutic approach. The cause of calciphylaxis is multifactorial. In our case, not only severe hyperparathyroidism and mediocalcinosis, but also medication (warfarin, calcium and active vitamin D) was involved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2017.99DOI Listing
June 2018
20 Reads

Antiplatelet Therapy in a Patient with Coronary Artery Disease and Myelodysplastic Syndrome with Thrombocytopenia.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(2):82-84

Department of Internal Medicine, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Ferrol, Ferrol 15405, Spain.

To date, there are no sufficient data to make firm recommendations on the treatment of patients with severe thrombocytopenia who require antiplatelet therapy after experiencing acute coronary syndrome. Therefore, we think that it is important to communicate the experience with individual cases. We report the case of a patient who presented with pericardial effusion causing cardiac tamponade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2017.98DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Paraesophageal Hernia as a Cause of Chronic Asymptomatic Anemia in a 6 Years Old Boy; Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2017;60(2):76-81

1st Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GH G. Gennimatas, 41 Ethnikis Aminis Street, 54635, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Esophageal hiatal hernia is defined as the prolapse of one or more intra-abdominal organs through the esophageal hiatus. Four types are identified: type Ι or sliding hiatal hernia, type II or paraesophageal hernia (PEH), type III or mixed hernia and type IV. Congenital type II esophageal hiatal hernia is caused by a remaining gap after the formation of pleuroperitoneal membrane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2017.97DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads