1,364 results match your criteria Acta medica Austriaca[Journal]


[Gestational diabetes mellitus].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):182-4

Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel, Univ.-Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Medizinische Universität Wien, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Wien, Osterreich.

Gestational diabetes (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy and is associated with increased feto-maternal morbidity as well as long-term complications in mothers and offspring. GDM is diagnosed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) or fasting glucose concentrations in the diabetic range. In case of a high risk for GDM/type 2 diabetes (history of GDM or prediabetes [impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance]; malformation, stillbirth, successive abortions or birth-weight > 4500 g in previous pregnancies) performance of the OGTT (120 min; 75 g glucose) is recommended already in the first trimester and--if normal--the OGTT should be repeated in the second/third trimester. Read More

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April 2005
4 Reads

[Diagnosis, therapy and follow-up of diabetic eye diseases].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):179-81

Universitätsklinik für Augenheilkunde, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

Diabetes mellitus causes diabetic retinopathy and maculopathy, optical nerve neuropathy, cataract and defects of the eye muscles. The incidence of these defects correlates with duration and quality of the metabolic control. The recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the diagnosis, the therapeutic measures and requirements for adequate follow-up depending on the stages of the different forms of diabetic eye diseases are summarized. Read More

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April 2005
2 Reads

[Diabetic nephropathy].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):175-8

Medizinische Abteilung, Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien-Lainz, Wien, Osterreich.

Diabetes mellitus is the leading single cause for renal replacement therapy. Its development and progression, however, can be ameliorated by adequate therapy. The present article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Read More

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April 2005
1 Read

[The diabetic foot].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):173-4

Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin, Innsbruck, Osterreich.

These are the guidelines for preventive care, diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot syndrome. Diabetic neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, bone deformity and altered biomechanics are foot-related risk conditions. The position statement is focused on screening methods and recommendations for clinical care for diabetics, who currently have no foot ulcers. Read More

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[Diabetic neuropathy].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):171-2

Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin, Innsbruck, Osterreich.

These are the guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of diabetic neuropathy. This diabetic late complication comprises a number of mono- and polyneuropathies, plexopathies, radiculopathies and autonomic neuropathy. The position statement summarizes characteristic clinical symptoms and techniques for diagnostic assessment of diabetic neuropathy. Read More

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April 2005
4 Reads

[Inhibition of platelet aggregation].

Authors:
Thomas C Wascher

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):170

Medizinische Universitätsklinik Graz, Graz, Osterreich.

Acute atherothrombotic complications, as part of the accelerated atherosclerosis, contribute to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Inhibition of platelet aggregation can reduce the risk for acute atherothrombosis. The present article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the use of antiplatelet drugs in diabetic patients according to current scientific evidence. Read More

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April 2005
3 Reads

[Lipids--diagnosis and therapy in type 2 diabetes].

Authors:
Thomas C Wascher

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):168-9

Medizinische Universitätsklinik Graz, Graz, Osterreich.

Hyper- and Dyslipidemia contribute to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Pharmacological therapy with statins has convincingly proved to reduce cardiovascular risk in diabetic patients. The present article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the use of lipid-lowering drugs in diabetic patients according to current scientific evidence. Read More

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April 2005
1 Read

[Hypertension].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):166-7

Medizinische Abteilung, Krankenanstalt der Stadt Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

Hypertension is a highly prevalent comorbidity of diabetes mellitus. It contributes substantially to morbidity and mortality in those patients. The present article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the treatment of hypertension in diabetic patients according to current scientific evidence. Read More

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April 2005
1 Read

[Therapy with insulin].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):164-5

Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel, Univ.-Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

Hyperglycemia contributes to morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Reaching treatment targets with regard to control of glycemia is thus a central goal in the treatment of diabetic patients. The present article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the practical use of insulin according to current scientific evidence. Read More

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April 2005
3 Reads

[Therapy with oral antidiabetic drugs].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):162-3

Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel, Univ.-Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

Hyperglycemia contributes to morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Reaching treatment targets with regard to control of glycemia is thus a central goal in the treatment of diabetic patients. The present article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the practical use of oral antidiabetic drugs according to current scientific evidence. Read More

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April 2005
5 Reads

[Life-style modification].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):160-1

Univ.-Klinik für Innere Medizin I der, Paracelsus Medizinischen Privatuniversität Salzburg, Salzburg, Osterreich.

Diabetes education, nutritional advice, exercise recommendations and training for smoking cessation comprise the mainstay of diabetes treatment before starting drug therapy. Prevention as well as treatment of diabetes mellitus is positively influenced by life-style modification. In addition cardiovascular risk factors can be reduced by such measures. Read More

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April 2005
4 Reads

[Type 2 diabetes mellitus--screening and prevention].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):158-9

Medizinische Abteilung, Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien-Lainz, Wien, Osterreich.

The prevalence of diabetes is increasing in westernized countries. In addition, about half of all patients suffering from diabetes are not diagnosed. The current article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the screening and prevention of type 2 diabetes, based on currently available evidence. Read More

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April 2005
2 Reads

[Diabetes mellitus--definition, classification and diagnosis].

Authors:
Michael Roden

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(5):156-7

Medizinische Abteilung, Hanusch-Krankenhaus, Wien, Osterreich.

Diabetes mellitus comprises of a group of heterogeneous disorders which have an increase in blood glucose concentrations in common. The current classifications for diabetes mellitus type 1-4 are described and the main features of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are compared to allow for better discrimination between these diabetes types. Furthermore, the criteria for the correct biochemical diagnosis during fasting and during oral glucose tolerance tests are summarized. Read More

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April 2005
1 Read

[Clinical utility of the cardiac markers BNP and NT-proBNP].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):144-51

Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Klinikum der Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Deutschland.

BNP and NT-proBNP are new markers with potential applications for the diagnosis and management of patients with cardiovascular diseases. In patients with acute dyspnea, these markers might strengthen the clinical suspicion of decompensated congestive heart failure. Vice versa, below-threshold marker concentrations allow to virtually exclude significant left ventricular dysfunction in symptomatic patients. Read More

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April 2005
37 Reads

[Impact of oncologic therapeutic concepts 2004].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):139-43

Klinische Abteilung for Onkologie, Univ.-Klinik für Innere Medizin I, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

The change of therapeutic concepts in oncology in the last few years is demonstrated in many examples like: influence on cell surface receptors, signal transduction, inactivation of oncogenes, activation of tumor suppressor genes, induction of apoptosis and inhibition of degradation of intracellular peptides. Therapeutic targets have become more specific in the last years using the results of experimental laboratories for clinical application. Unfortunately, however, only very few oncologic ailments can be influenced substantially so far. Read More

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[Novel anti-obesity drugs].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):133-8

Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel, Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin II, Wien, Osterreich.

Obesity is a chronic disease with a worldwide increasing incidence. The mainstay of therapy consists in modification of behaviour related to obesity such as overeating and physical inactivity. When these life-style modifying attempts fail, the use of anti-obesity drugs is warranted. Read More

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April 2005
2 Reads

[The metabolic syndrome: epidemiology and diagnosis].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):130-2

Salzburg Institute for Preventive Cardiology and Nutrition, Salzburg, Osterreich.

There has been a tremendous increase in overweight and obesity in industrialized countries. Because of its comorbidities obesity is defined as a disease. The abdominal fat distribution is associated with insulin resistance and with a number of cardiovascular risk factors; all of them are included in the metabolic syndrome. Read More

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[Indication for bariatric surgery].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):125-9

III. Medizinische Abteilung mit Stoffwechselerkrankungen und Nephrologie, Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien Lainz, Wien, Osterreich.

Morbid obesity is defined as obesity with body mass index (BMI) > or = 40 kg/m2 with secondary serious diseases. Conservative treatment generally fails to produce long-term weight loss in these patients, since several bariatric surgical techniques have been developed which are based on gastric restriction and/or gastric malabsorption resulting in permanent weight loss over years. Preoperative evaluation might detect suitable patients and reduce both non-surgical and surgical complications. Read More

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April 2005
3 Reads

[Diet and prevention of obesity].

Authors:
Ingrid Kiefer

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):120-4

Zentrum für Public Health, Institut für Sozialmedizin, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

Today obesity has already reached epidemic proportions in the industrialised nations and is seen as the main problem of this century. Because of the epidemiological situation and the risk of associated and resultant illnesses it is, in future, particularly important to strengthen the awareness of the problem amongst the general population, among experts in the fields of health and politics, as well as to develop public health strategies for health promotion, to reinforce target group oriented prevention measures in appropriate settings, and offer professional therapies in accordance with evidence-based guidelines. Within the framework of nutritional therapy, the general nutritional recommendations, (<30 En% fat, >55 En% carbohydrates, 10-15 En% protein) combined with a daily energy deficit of 300-1000 kcal are accepted for chronic disease prevention. Read More

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April 2005
2 Reads

[Mitochondrial function--role in insulin resistance and lipid metabolism].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):115-9

Klinische Abteilung für Allgemeine Innere Medizin, Univ. Klinik für Innere Medizin, Innsbruck, Osterreich.

Risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, including weight gain, lack of physical exercise and increasing age, are associated with an impaired mitochondrial function. Clinical studies could demonstrate a reduced mitochondrial activity in non-diabetic but insulin-resistant offsprings of type 2 diabetics. A key enzyme in the regulation of cellular energy supply and thus also in glucose and lipid metabolism is AMP-activated proteinkinase (AMPK). Read More

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April 2005
1 Read

[Endocrinologie and obesity].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):112-4

Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel, Universitätsklinik fur Innere Medizin III, Medizinische Universität Wien, Osterreich.

The endocrine system plays a central role in the regulation of body weight and fat distribution. The influence of thyroid hormones, growth hormone, cortisol und sex steroids on body weight are described with a focus on hyper- and hypofunction of these systems. In addition, sequelae of therapeutic interventions aiming to restore homeostasis in dysfunction are discussed. Read More

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April 2005
1 Read

[The adipose tissue as an endocrine organ].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):98-111

Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel, Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin III, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

The adipose tissue stores excess energy but also produces a series of substances including cytokines (adipocytokines) which participate in regulatory processes. The physiologic and pathophysiologic relevance of these factors has only recently been described in more detail. Defects in adiponectin as well as overproduction of free fatty acids play an important role in the development of insulin resistance typical for obesity. Read More

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April 2005
2 Reads

[Annual meeting of the Austrian Obesity Society].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 ;31(4):97

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April 2005
1 Read

Austrian syndrome--autopsy report.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):88-90

Department of Internal Medicine, Triângulo Mineiro Medical School, Uberaba, MG, Brazil.

A case of the Austrian syndrome in a 23 year-old male, alcoholic and non-vaccinated against pneumococci, is reported. Autopsy study disclosed alcoholic liver disease, endocarditis, meningitis and pneumonia. Pneumococci were observed in the vegetations found in the mitral and aortic valves, in the coronarian septic embolus with acute myocardial infarction, and in the spleen abscess. Read More

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August 2004
6 Reads

Two rare cases of the Pentalogy of Cantrell or its variants.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):85-7

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey,

The Pentalogy of Cantrell (PC) is a rare association of defects involving the lower sternum, abdominal wall, diaphragm, pericardium and heart. We report two rare cases of the PC (variant form), showing fatal progression. Case 1 only survived two hours because of severe cardio-respiratory failure. Read More

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August 2004
4 Reads

Breast cancer and concomitant primary hyperparathyroidism: description of two patients.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):81-4

Department of Medical Oncology, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey,

Breast cancer is the malignant neoplasm most commonly associated with hypercalcemia. In breast cancer the majority of the hypercalcemia cases result from osteolytic metastatic bone disease of the primary tumor. In a few patients hypercalcemia results from other conditions like primary hyperparathyroidism. Read More

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August 2004
3 Reads

Severe calcification in left main stem coronary artery stenosis visible on routine chest radiograph.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):79-80

1st Department of Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.

Coronary calcification is a strong predictor of significant coronary stenosis in symptomatic patients. While discrete calcification within coronary arteries is only detected by sensitive methods such as computed tomography, severe calcification can already be seen on the plain chest radiograph. In this article, we describe a patient with a high grade left main stem coronary artery stenosis who presented with a severe focal calcification on the plain chest radiograph in projection of the offspring of the left coronary artery. Read More

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Urinary fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose excretion with and without intravenous application of furosemide.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):76-8

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Methods: Twenty patients suffering from malignancy received furosemide, twenty patients were examined by FDG-PET without diuretics. Urine volume and radioactivity were measured before and after acquisition. Bladder activity was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively. Read More

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August 2004
4 Reads

Lipoprotein (a) in patients on hemodialysis.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):73-5

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital da Barbanza, Riveira, Spain.

Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] may produce thrombogenic effects by modulating the fibrinolytic system. Elevated levels of Lp(a) have also been associated with an increased risk for atherosclerosis. Because atherosclerosis is more prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease, the role of Lp(a) among patients on hemodialysis is analyzed. Read More

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August 2004
1 Read

Close association between parathyroid hormone and left ventricular function and structure in end-stage renal failure patients under maintenance hemodialysis.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):67-72

Section of Hemodialysis, Hajar Medical, Educational and Therapeutic Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Background: Cardiovascular risk factors are a significant burden in end-stage renal disease patients under hemodialysis. Cardiovascular-related diseases are the leading cause of death among these patients and responsible for almost half of all deaths in dialysis patients. The influence of parathormone (PTH) on myocardial function as a toxin of uremia is attracting more attention and evaluation because of growing evidence that the effects of PTH on cardiac function may be the most serious consequence of secondary hyperparathyroidism in renal failure. Read More

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August 2004
8 Reads

[Metabolic syndrome--a high cardiovascular risk?].

Authors:
Hermann Toplak

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Aug;31(3):63-6

Ambulanz für Diabetes und Stoffwechsel, Medizinische Universitätsklinik, Leopold-Auenbrugger-Universität, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz, Osterreich.

Our knowledge about risk factors of atherosclerosis and their associations has considerably changed and improved. The importance of type 2 diabetes and hypertension was detected earlier, hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia (disturbance of lipoprotein composition) have been recently implemented. We have learnt that the android obesity form and especially visceral fat serve as central trigger-factor of the resulting "metabolic syndrome" and other related disturbances like acute phase proteins, inflammation markers and procoagulatory state. Read More

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Recurrent malignant schwannoma of the small bowel.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 May;31(2):58-60

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle Unversity, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Primary malignant schwannoma of the small bowel is an extremely rare disease. Only 24 malignant schwannomas of the small bowel have been reported in the medical English literature. We report a primary malignant schwannoma of the distal ileum in a 53-year-old woman, who was admitted to the hospital because of abdominal pain. Read More

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May 2004
2 Reads

Transient hypoglycemic abducens palsy.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 May;31(2):56-7

Department of Neurology, Hospital BHB Eggenberg, Graz, Austria.

Since 1928, among the thousands of patients treated for insulinoma, only 32 cases with peripheral neuropathy have been reported. None of these described an affection of the cranial nerves. We present a 56 old woman, who suffered from chronic hyperinsulinism due to an insulinoma. Read More

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May 2004
1 Read

Methods of GFR determination--creatinine clearance after cimetidine administration in clinical practice.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 May;31(2):51-5

Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

Determination of clearance of endogenous creatinine using its plasma and urinary concentration (standard clearance) or Cockroft and Gault equation (estimated clearance) is commonly performed for assessment of glomerular filtration rate. Although evaluation of renal function in this way is useful, it is biased with an error resulting from secretion of creatinine in tubules. This error can be reduced by determining the clearance after administration of cimetidine. Read More

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Sleep apnea syndrome and its complications.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 May;31(2):45-50

1st Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.

In this article we summarize the available information regarding the epidemiology, the pathophysiology as well as the risk factors and complications of the sleep apnea syndrome (SAS). Central, obstructive and mixed forms of SAS are known, however, the obstructive form is (resulting from the actual high prevalence of obesity) definitely the most frequent. Latest years of experimental and clinical research have pointed towards the clinical importance of this sleep related breathing disorder. Read More

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[Cancer in the elderly].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 May;31(2):40-4

IV. Interne Abteilung, Onkologie, Hämatologie und Immunologie, Klinikum Kreuzschwestern Wels, Wels, Osterreich.

The increase in cancer incidence with increasing age is becoming more obvious and more important as the average age of population increases. Currently over 50% of all cancers occur in people who are 65 and older. The clinical behaviour of common malignant diseases may change with age because of intrinsic variation of the neoplastic cells and the ability of the tumor host to support neoplastic growth. Read More

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May 2004
3 Reads

[Magnesium as a food supplement].

Authors:
Paul Haber

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 May;31(2):37-9

Abt. Sport- und Leistungsmedizin, Klinik für Innere Medizin IV, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich.

Magnesium is a Cofactor in all enzymes transfering phosphate. It is therefore necessary for the energymetabolism and for many synthesis, i.e. Read More

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[Panic disorder and angina pectoris].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Feb;31(1):30-4

II. Interne Abteilung mit Kardiologie und Internistischer Intensivmedizin des Allgemeinen Krankenhauses der Barmherzigen Schwestern vom Heiligen Kreuz, Wels, Osterreich.

Panic attacks are a frequently cited cause of noncardiac chest pain. A strict separation of the internist's job (i. e. Read More

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February 2004
2 Reads

Microalbuminuria: prevalence in hypertensives and diabetics.

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Feb;31(1):23-9

Department of Public Health, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Microalbuminuria is the mild elevation of urinary albumin excretion and reflects the progression of clinical nephropathy and cardiovascular disease and mortality risks of diabetic and hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for microalbuminuria amongst Turkish people who had diabetes and/or hypertension and were older than 35 years of age.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, from a pool of 7708 people over 35 years of age living in the Park Health Centre Area of Ankara, Turkey, we randomly selected 550 out of 926 hypertensive and/or diabetic patients. Read More

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February 2004
2 Reads

[On the involvement of the temporomandibular joint in rheumatoid arthritis].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Feb;31(1):18-22

Innere Medizin, Wels, Osterreich.

64 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were examined for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) symptoms as well as for the severity and incidence of their symptoms. In detailed interviews, a total of 34 patients (53.1%) reported TMJ symptoms, the main complaints being problems during opening and closing of the mouth (45. Read More

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February 2004

[Natural therapy instead of chemistry? Probiotics in gastroenterology].

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Feb;31(1):13-7

Interne Abteilung/Gastroenterologie, Allgemeines öffentliches Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Schwestern vom Heiligen Kreuz, Wels, Osterreich.

Probiotics are living microorganisms that upon ingestion exert health benefits. The impact of probiotics on gut flora represents a new and interesting therapeutic approach in a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. According to actual publications and guidelines of medical societies, the clinical relevance of probiotics can be described as follows: (a) In the case of ulcerative colitis, available data demonstrate benefits of probiotic therapy. Read More

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February 2004
2 Reads

Periodic fever syndromes--a clinical overview.

Authors:
Martin Aringer

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Feb;31(1):8-12

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Most hereditary periodic fever syndromes known today have their onset in the first year of life. Only two, namely Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) and TNF-Receptor Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS) occur later, with most patients having become symptomatic by their twentieth birthday. Therefore this review will concentrate on FMF and TRAPS, the latter being a very rare disease, while the former has become somewhat more common in mid-Europe as a result of migration. Read More

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February 2004
3 Reads

Genetic determinants: is there an "atherosclerosis gene"?

Acta Med Austriaca 2004 Feb;31(1):1-7

Department of Vascular Biology and Thrombosis Research, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

It is now clear that atherosclerotic disease is a chronic inflammatory disease triggered by a sequence of events initiated at sites with turbulent flow under normal conditions such as in the coronary arteries or at bifurcations or where normal laminar flow is replaced by turbulent flow because of vessel pathologies. Normally, laminar flow is protected by generation of NO by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), which becomes activated via stretch activated channels. When the flow turns turbulent, such protective NO generation ceases, leading to endothelial cell activation and lipid deposition into the extra-cellular space. Read More

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February 2004
10 Reads

Post-transfusion acute graft versus host disease in a 17-year-old girl with a malignant mesenchymal tumor--report of a case.

Acta Med Austriaca 2003 ;30(5):138-41

Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ibni Sina Hospital, 06100 Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey.

Post-transfusion graft-versus-host disease (PT-GVHD) is seldom, but it has a high mortality rate, exceeding 90 percent. There is no standard treatment for PT-GVHD and irradiation of blood and its components before transfusion is broadly accepted for the prevention of PT-GVHD. In this report we present a case (a 17-year-old female) of PT GVHD, who died in spite of the use of all available therapeutic options. Read More

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Benign mesenchymal liver hamartoma in an adult male: a case report and review of the literature.

Acta Med Austriaca 2003 ;30(5):134-7

Institute of Gastroenterology, Zentralklinikum Rebro, Zagreb, Kroatien.

Mesenchymal hamartoma of the liver is an uncommon benign lesion seen almost exclusively in children younger than two years of age. The first case was reported in 1903, and until now fewer than 200 cases have been reported. A 38-year-old male complaining of dull subcostal pain lasting for almost 10 months was found on abdominal ultrasound to have a focal lesion of the liver. Read More

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Subclinical hyperthyroidism in dementia and correlation of the metabolic index in FDG-PET.

Acta Med Austriaca 2003 ;30(5):130-3

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.

Aim: Thyroid hormone status and thyroid antibodies were evaluated in patients suffering from dementia for further study of an association of hyperthyroidism with AD and vascular dementia (VD), respectively.

Patients: In 77 patients with dementia, and 42 controls, thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid antibodies were correlated with the different types of dementia and the metabolic index (MI) based on imaging with F-18-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET).

Results: Twenty-two of all patients with dementia (29%) had borderline (TSH 0. Read More

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The evaluation of the changes in blood pressure and pulse rate of hypertensive patients during tooth extraction.

Acta Med Austriaca 2003 ;30(5):127-9

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey.

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the changes in blood pressure and the pulse rate of hypertensive patients having dental extraction under a local anesthetic containing a vasopressor. The study included 64 patients (42 female and 22 male), 38 to 78 years of age. Twenty-six of the patients were normotensive, 38 were hypertensive patients. Read More

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July 2004
2 Reads

[Reduced costs of hospitalization at the start of hemodialysis by previous creation of an AV-fistula. Investigation of the Austrian system of financing data of incident patients from 1999 to October 2000 at the Landeskrankenhaus Innsbruck University clinic].

Acta Med Austriaca 2003 ;30(5):121-6

Klinischen Abteilung für Nephrologie, Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin, Anichstrasse 35, A-6020 Innsbruck.

Costs of renal replacement therapy are enormous, of which hospitalisation is a major factor. International and national guidelines recommend early creation of fistulas before the start of the haemodialysis. The aim of this study is to calculate the costs of the initial hospitalisation of all incident patients (n = 79) based on the data of the "leistungsorientierte Krankenhaus-finanzierung", which means the Austrian system of financing hospital care according to interventions and diagnosis-groups in the years 1999 and 2000 at the Landeskrankenhaus Innsbruck. Read More

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