a Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine , Uludag University , Bursa , Turkey.
Background: This study examined whether the serum PON1 activity is different in patients with ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and nonischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NDCM) and the relation between the serum PON1 activity and serum pro-BNP levels.
Methods And Results: In this study, we enrolled 60 patients with left ventricular systolic failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III-IV) and a left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) < 40% as determined by echocardiography and 30 healthy subjects. The patients with systolic heart failure were divided into two groups: patients with IDCM and patients with NDCM. Read More
a Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology , Pamukkale University , Kinikli , Denizli, Turkey.
Background: Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is often described as angina or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram, yet the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the current study was to determine alterations in blood rheology (erythrocyte aggregation and deformability, plasma viscosity - PV) in patients with CSX.
Methods: The study comprised 26 CSX patients (55. Read More
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms and effect of rosuvastatin on adhesion molecule induction in human endothelial cells under high-glucose conditions (HG).
Methods And Results: The effects of rosuvastatin on vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 production and pERK phosphorylation were measured in HG-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with inhibitors targeting the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway. HG increased levels of VCAM-1. Read More
Background: There is growing evidence that routine defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing during implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation is not necessary. However a small group of patients might be at risk if no DFT testing is performed.
Methods: Patients with a new pectoral ICD implantation in our hospital between 2006 and 2014 were included in a retrospective registry. Read More
Objective: Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is typically identified with ischaemia in treadmill exercise test or stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy as well as angina-like chest pain without stenosis in coronary angiography. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the association between cardiac syndrome X and monocyte-to-HDL cholesterol ratio (MHR) which is a new marker associated with inflammation.
Patients And Methods: A total of 230 patients (105 patients with cardiac syndrome X and 125 normal controls) were included in the study. Read More
a Department of Cardiology , Antwerp University Hospital , Antwerp , Belgium.
Background: Radial access (RA) and vascular closure devices (VCD) have been shown to be superior to transfemoral access (TFA) with regard to the prevention of vascular complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Objective: The present study evaluates whether RA is associated with less vascular complications and a lower mortality than VCD.
Methods: A total of 6999 consecutive PCI patients were studied through a single-centre prospective registry from January 2011 to August 2015. Read More
b Department of Kinesiology , The University of Georgia , Athens , GA , USA.
Background: Sprint interval cycle training is a contemporary popular mode of training but its relative efficacy, under conditions of matched energy expenditure, to reduce risk factors for cardiometabolic disease is incompletely characterised, especially in young women. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relative efficacy of six weeks of moderate-intensity cycling (MOD-C) and vigorous sprint-interval cycling (VIG-SIC) on lipid profile, insulin (INS) and insulin resistance using the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in inactive, overweight/obese (OW/OB) young women.
Methods: Participants (BMI ≥25 kg/m(2), waist circumference ≥88 cm) were randomly assigned to MOD-C (20-30 min at 60-70% of heart rate reserve(HRR)) or VIG-SIC (5-7 repeated bouts 30-second maximal effort sprints, followed by four minutes of active recovery) supervised training three days/week for six weeks, with each group matched on energy expenditure. Read More
Objective: Osteopontin is a component of atherosclerotic lesions, secreted by monocytes, macrophages and endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells, which together are responsible for neointimal proliferation. We examined whether elevated plasma osteopontin concentration was associated with in-stent restenosis in patients with coronary artery disease.
Subjects And Methods: We enrolled 91 patients who underwent coronary artery stenting, and 60 control patients with normal findings on coronary angiography, between June 2012 and September 2013. Read More
Objective: The management of patients with intermediate coronary lesions is a major clinical issue. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is considered the gold criterion for the assessment of ischaemic stenosis, but it requires an invasive procedure. Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) for fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) is a novel noninvasive alternative for the diagnosis of ischaemic lesions. Read More
Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is a serious infection with potentially fatal consequences. Early detection is crucial for successful management and outcome. The diagnosis of PVE is challenging and is based on the Duke criteria (DC) in which echocardiography plays a crucial role. Read More
Background: The contribution of hypoxic conditions to the chemical composition of membranes is not completely established. Plasmalogens, containing an alkenyl group with aldehydogenic ether linkage, are significant components of membrane lipids and their level can change in oxygen deficiency.
Methods: Analysis of plasmalogens in red blood cells was performed in patients (n = 17) with coronary heart disease, stable angina (functional class II-III) and coronary atherosclerosis. Read More
Background: Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is an established treatment for heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction. CRT devices are equipped with remote monitoring functions, which are pivotal in the detection of device problems, but may also facilitate disease management. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive overview of the clinical interventions taken based on remote monitoring. Read More
Background: Cardiac rehabilitation for ischaemic heart disease effectively reduces cardiovascular readmission rate and mortality. Current uptake rates however, remain low. This study assesses the social and economic impact of increasing centre-based cardiac rehabilitation uptake and the additional value of cardiac telerehabilitation using cost-benefit analysis (CBA) in Belgium. Read More
Admission rates and expenditures for syncope remain high. This unsatisfactory management could be due to several factors, including lack of evidence-based strategy, poor accuracy of clinical decision rules, difficulty in disseminating guidelines, as well as uncertainties concerning management of intermediate-risk patients and role of observation protocols and syncope units. To optimise management, it has been proposed to adopt a pragmatic, symptoms-based definition of syncope and a classification related to the underlying mechanism rather than suspected aetiology. Read More
Introduction: The latest recommendations for echocardiographic chamber quantification have implemented updated normal values for all cardiac chambers.
Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of normal and abnormal values of routine echocardiographic parameters such as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left atrial volume indexed to body surface area (LAVi) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and to determine the influence of LVEF and LAVi reclassification on the prediction of LAAT by transthoracic echocardiography.
Methods: We retrospectively analysed the database of 1674 transesophageal echocardiograms performed between 2012 and 2015 in our echo lab. Read More
Background: Since neointima smooth muscle cells (SMC) mainly originate from the vessel wall, we investigated whether atherosclerotic plaque composition influences subsequent in-stent neointima proliferation and restenosis.
Methods: We performed intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with virtual histology in 98 patients prior to elective bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation in de novo coronary artery lesions. Virtual histology variables pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were related to in-stent neointima proliferation six months after implantation assessed as late luminal loss of 0. Read More
Objective: The risk stratification for prognosis in heart failure is very important for optimal disease management and decision making. The aim of this study was to establish a simple discharge 1-year mortality prediction model by integrating data obtained from demographic characteristics, clinical evaluation, laboratory biomarkers and echocardiographic evaluation of hospitalised heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) patients with acute decompensation.
Methods And Results: A risk score model was developed based on β-coefficient number of variables in a multivariable logistic regression model which was created with the use of data on clinical, laboratory, imaging and therapeutic findings of 670 patients (65. Read More
Background: Circulating microRNAs could be powerful markers of acute myocardial infarction (MI) and its functional genetic variants could increase susceptibility to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The current study aimed to quantify the microRNA (miR)-499a levels in serum of MI patients compared to hypertensive and healthy subjects and to investigate the association of its A/G variant rs3746444 with CVD in a sample of an Egyptian population.
Methods: Serum miR-499a relative expressions were measured in 110 acute MI patients, 76 hypertensive patients, and 121 healthy controls by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Read More
Objectives: To compare the magnitude of multivariable coefficients and hazard ratios of four cardiovascular risk factors across five worldwide regions of the Seven Countries Study in predicting 50-year coronary deaths.
Material And Methods: A total of 13 cohorts of middle-aged men at entry (40-59 years old) were enrolled in the mid-1900s from five relatively homogeneous groups of cohorts (areas): USA, Finland and Zutphen - the Netherlands, Italy and Greece, Serbia, Japan for a total of 10,368 middle-aged men. The major risk factors measured at baseline were age, number of cigarettes smoked, systolic blood pressure and serum cholesterol. Read More
Objectives Left atrial (LA) low-voltage areas (LVAs) are a strong predictor of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). However, a non-invasive method for evaluating LA-LAVs has not been established yet. The objective of our study was to assess the predictive value of the plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) level for the presence of LA-LVAs in patients with persistent AF (PeAF). Read More
Objective: Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is frequently complicated by thromboembolism. Left atrial appendage (LAA) flow is a predictor of LAA thrombosis. LAA flow is measured by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), which is a semi-invasive diagnostic tool. Read More
The investigation of death in young (<35 years), previously fit individuals, calls for a detailed autopsy with emphasis placed upon the examination of the heart. In most instances, the cause of cardiac death can be identified during autopsy. However, a large percentage of sudden deaths remain unexplained even after comprehensive medicolegal investigation, including autopsy, and are labelled as autopsy-negative sudden unexplained cardiac death (SUD). Read More
Short-term and long-term reproducibility of the cardiopulmonary (CPX) exercise test have been established. Though short and mid-term reproducibility of the walk test has been ascertained, this was not extensively done for the long-term reproducibility. The aim of the study was to examine the long-term reproducibility of distance walked in an allotted time and to check the stability of the relationship between walked distance and exercise peak VO2 (pVO2). Read More
Coronary artery fistulae are rare cardiac anomalies with a prevalence of 0.2% of all the patients undergoing coronary angiography. The majority of them are congenital and generally origin from the right coronary artery. Read More
Objective: Foetal ductal problems may have various cardiopulmonary consequences. This study aimed to identify the spectrum of ductus arteriosus (DA) dysfunction (closure, constriction, kinking, aneurysm and thrombosis) and the resultant clinical and echocardiographic presentation in foetuses and neonates.
Methods And Results: This is a retrospective analysis of serial pre- and post-natal data of 27 cases of foetal ductal dysfunction diagnosed at a median gestational age of 33 weeks (range 20-39). Read More