3,690 results match your criteria Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica [Journal]


Comparative study of rabies antibody titers of dogs vaccinated in Finland and imported street dogs vaccinated abroad.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Mar 14;61(1):15. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Virology Unit, Finnish Food Authority, Mustialankatu 3, 00790, Helsinki, Finland.

Seventy-two canine serum samples were analyzed for post-vaccination serum titers of rabies antibodies. The samples were divided into two groups: Group 1 dogs (n = 36) were imported dogs from the Russian Federation (n = 31) or Romania (n = 5), with a mean serum antibody titer value of 1.54 IU/mL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0450-8DOI Listing

Age-related changes in the shell gland and duodenum in relation to shell quality and bone strength in commercial laying hen hybrids.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Mar 12;61(1):14. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7011, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: During the production period of laying hens, the number of cracked eggshells increases and the skeleton becomes brittle. Both these problems are related to ageing of the hen and cause economic problems for egg producers and impaired animal welfare. This study investigated key factors in the shell gland and duodenum related to eggshell quality and bone strength in laying hens during the production period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0449-1DOI Listing

Lawsonia intracellularis associated equine proliferative enteropathy in Danish weanling foals.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Mar 8;61(1):12. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Large Animal Teaching Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Agrovej 8, 2630, Taastrup, Denmark.

Background: Lawsonia intracellularis, an obligate intracellular bacterium, causes equine proliferative enteropathy, mainly in horses around weaning. This disease is rarely reported in the Scandinavian countries.

Results: Five cases of equine proliferative enteropathy were diagnosed between 2008-2016 at the University of Copenhagen Large Animal Teaching Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0447-3DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Calcification of extruded intervertebral discs in dachshunds: a radiographic, computed tomographic and histopathological study of 25 cases.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Mar 8;61(1):13. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Pathology, National Veterinary Institute, Sentrum, P.O. Box 750, 0106, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Three Nordic countries have national breeding programs to reduce the frequency of intervertebral disc disease in dachshunds. The programs include a radiographic examination of the vertebral column and dachshunds with more than four calcified discs visible on radiographs (CDVR) are discouraged from use in breeding. However, disc extrusion is also diagnosed in dachshunds without CDVR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0448-2DOI Listing

Multiplex polymerase chain reaction detection of enteropathogens in sewage in Norway.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Mar 4;61(1):11. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Comprehensive Defence Division, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, PO Box 25, 2027, Kjeller, Norway.

The primary objective of this small-scale study was to investigate the occurrence of enteropathogens in sewage (municipal wastewater) in Norway using the commercially available FilmArray multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system with the gastrointestinal (GI) panel. Our findings indicate that DNA/RNA of several enteropathogens are present simultaneously in Norwegian wastewater systems. The spectre was broad even in smaller communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0445-5DOI Listing

Plasma metabolomics reveals lower carnitine concentrations in overweight Labrador Retriever dogs.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Feb 26;61(1):10. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7011, 75007, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: The prevalence of overweight is increasing in dogs, but the metabolic events related to this condition are still poorly understood. The purpose of the study was to investigate the postprandial response of plasma metabolites using a meal-challenge test and to identify metabolic variations related to spontaneous overweightness in privately owned dogs.

Results: Twenty-eight healthy male intact Labrador Retriever dogs were included, 12 of which were classified as lean (body condition score (BCS) 4-5 on a 9-point scale) and 16 as overweight (BCS 6-8). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0446-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction to: Prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis E virus in pigs, wild boars, roe deer, red deer and moose in Lithuania.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 01 31;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Tilzes str. 18, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified of a typing error in the "Discussion" section. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0443-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354410PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Correction to: Congenital infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in a calf in northern Germany.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 01 30;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University of Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Strasse 11, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.

Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified of a typing error under the "Laboratory test results" section. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0444-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354423PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A cross-sectional study of suckling calves' passive immunity and associations with management routines to ensure colostrum intake on organic dairy farms.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Jan 30;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Terrestrial Animal Health and Welfare, Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Pb 750 Sentrum, 0106, Oslo, Norway.

Background: For suckling dairy calves, different management routines to ensure sufficient colostrum intake are applied: visual assessment, hand feeding supplemental colostrum or assistance. However, knowledge on the efficacy of these methods to prevent failure of passive transfer [FPT: serum immunoglobulin (IgG) < 10 g/L] is lacking. Our objectives were to explore FPT prevalence in suckling dairy calves and associations with common management routines to ensure colostrum intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0442-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354394PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. isolated from Estonian cattle and swine from 2010 to 2015.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Jan 21;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 62, Tartu, Estonia.

Background: The prevalence of resistant Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. in food-producing animals has increased worldwide. The objective of the study was to investigate the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis isolated from healthy and diseased swine and cattle in Estonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0441-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341677PMC
January 2019

Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in extensively farmed wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Denmark.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Jan 15;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Grønnegårdsvej 15, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite of worldwide importance. In this study, we estimated T. gondii seroprevalence in extensively farmed wild boars in Denmark, where little is known about T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0440-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332525PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Comparison of two different barbed suture materials for end-to-end jejuno-jejunal anastomosis in pigs.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Jan 5;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Largo P. Braccini 2-5, Grugliasco, TO, Italy.

Background: Hand-sewn intestinal anastomoses are a fundamental procedure in both open and laparoscopic intestinal surgery. Self-retaining barbed suture devices have been tested for a variety of surgical applications. With the exception of clinical reports and various experimental studies on enterotomy, little has been published so far on the use of barbed suture for end-to-end intestinal anastomoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0437-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321647PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Effects of auditory and visual stimuli on glucose metabolism in Holstein dairy cattle.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Jan 5;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Ruminant and Swine Clinic, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Free University of Berlin, Koenigsweg 67, 14163, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Standardization of the intravenous glucose tolerance test (ivGTT) in cattle has received little attention despite its widespread use to monitor glucose metabolism. The impact of management practices including several sensorial stimuli on test responses has not yet been described in young cattle. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of noise exposure, and visual food stimuli in combination with physical restraint on ivGTT and insulin traits in Holstein cattle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0436-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321703PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Neuropathological findings suggestive for a stroke in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos).

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Jan 3;61(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Paul Flechsig Institute for Brain Research, Medical Faculty, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: This case report describes a focal brain lesion in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos). Although this is a restricted study based on a single animal, neuropathological features are reported that are most likely attributed to a vascular event with either ischemic or hemorrhagic pathology. Concerning translational issues, these findings extend neurovascular unit concept to the alpacas' brain and qualify a larger panel of stroke tissue markers for further exploration of ischemic or hemorrhagic consequences beyond the usually used small animal models in stroke research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0438-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317207PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Head and pelvic vertical displacement in dogs with induced swinging limb lameness: an experimental study.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Dec 29;60(1):81. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Swinging limb lameness is defined as a motion disturbance ascribed to a limb in swing phase. Little is known about its biomechanics in dogs, particularly about the body motions that accompany it, such as vertical head and pelvic motion asymmetry. The aim of this study was to describe the changes in vertical head and pelvic motion asymmetry in dogs with induced swinging limb motion disturbance, mimicking a swinging limb lameness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0435-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311055PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Expression of microRNAs in cerebrospinal fluid of dogs with central nervous system disease.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Dec 18;60(1):80. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Campus, Roslin, Midlothian, EH25 9RG, UK.

In this pilot study we investigated the expression of 14 microRNAs in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of dogs with neoplastic, inflammatory and degenerative disorders affecting the central nervous system (CNS). CSF microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles were compared to those from dogs with neurological signs but no evidence of structural or inflammatory CNS disease. Seven miRNAs were easily detected in all samples: miR-10b-5p, miR-19b, miR-21-5p, miR-30b-5p, miR-103a-3p, miR-124, and miR-128-3p. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0434-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299591PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

T cell-lymphoma in the eyelid of a 9-year-old English Setter.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Dec 6;60(1):79. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Eye Pathology Section, Department of Pathology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V's Vej, 11, 1st Floor, 2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

Background: Eyelid tumours are frequently found in dogs, most of these being benign. In case of an ulcerating eyelid tumour, malignancy must be considered. We report a unique case of a low-grade peripheral T-cell lymphoma in the eyelid of a 9-year-old English Setter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0432-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284267PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease as a cause of severe pulmonary hypertension in a dog.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Dec 5;60(1):78. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Clinical Sciences of Companion Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 108, 3508 TD, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in humans and can be classified in idiopathic, heritable, drug and radiation-induced, and associated with connective tissue disease or human immunodeficiency virus infection. Recently, biallelic mutations of the EIF2AK4 gene have been discovered as a cause for an autosomal recessive form of PVOD in humans. In dogs, PAH is poorly characterized and is generally considered to be idiopathic or secondary to (for example) congenital left-to right cardiovascular shunts or heartworm disease. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0433-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282261PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

Cetirizine per os: exposure and antihistamine effect in the dog.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 26;60(1):77. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Biomedicine and Veterinary Public Health, Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7028, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Cetirizine is an antihistamine used in dogs, but plasma concentrations in relation to effect after oral administration are not well studied. This study investigated cetirizine exposure and the plasma cetirizine concentration-antihistamine response relation in the dog following oral administration of cetirizine.

Results: Eight Beagle dogs were included in a cross-over study consisting of two treatments. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0431-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258303PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

The in vitro effect of progesterone on the orexin system in porcine uterine tissues during early pregnancy.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 26;60(1):76. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Animal Anatomy and Physiology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 1A, 10-719, Olsztyn-Kortowo, Poland.

Background: Orexin A (OXA) and orexin B (OXB) are hypothalamic-derived peptides that participate in the regulation of energy metabolism, food intake and reproductive function by influencing the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Orexins are also produced in the endometrium, myometrium and placenta, which suggests that they could act as a link between energy metabolism and the reproductive system. Changes in the expression of orexin and the orexin receptor genes and proteins during the oestrous cycle and early gestation in pigs imply that orexin activity may be regulated by local factors within the uterus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0430-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258494PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Stable levels of Coxiella burnetii prevalence in dairy sheep flocks but changes in genotype distribution after a 10-year period in northern Spain.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 20;60(1):75. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

NEIKER - Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Animal Health Department, Bizkaia Science and Technology Park 812L, 48160, Derio, Biscay, Spain.

Bulk tank milk (BTM) samples were collected from 81 sheep flocks in the Basque Country, Spain, in 2015 and were analysed for antibodies against Coxiella burnetii by ELISA and for C. burnetii DNA by real-time PCR. Thirty-two percent of the flocks had BTM antibodies against C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0429-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245712PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Hemotrophic mycoplasma in Simmental cattle in Bavaria: prevalence, blood parameters, and transplacental transmission of 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemobos' and Mycoplasma wenyonii.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 16;60(1):74. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Tiergesundheitsdienst Bayern e.V., Senator-Gerauer-Str. 23, 85586, Poing, Germany.

Background: The significance of hemotrophic mycoplasma in cattle remains unclear. Especially in Europe, their epidemiological parameters as well as pathophysiological influence on cows are lacking. The objectives of this study were: (1) to describe the prevalence of 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemobos' ('C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0428-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240245PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison).

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 12;60(1):73. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Ridebanevej 3, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Background: Pre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a frequently occurring syndrome in suckling mink kits on commercial mink farms. Outbreaks of PWD result in weakened kits, increased mortality and reduced growth and welfare as well as considerable economic losses for the farmers. The syndrome is regarded as multifactorial with a complex etiology, and studies have focused on associations with environment, management and dam characteristics. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0427-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233364PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Measurement of single kidney glomerular filtration rate in dogs using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and the Rutland-Patlak plot technique.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 6;60(1):72. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Institute for General Radiology and Medical Physics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Nephropathies are among the most common diseases in dogs. Regular examination of the kidney function plays an important role for an adequate treatment scheme. The determination of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is seen as the gold standard in assessing the kidney status. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0423-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219261PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Clinical effects of constant rate infusions of medetomidine-propofol combined with sevoflurane anesthesia in Thoroughbred racehorses undergoing arthroscopic surgery.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 5;60(1):71. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Equine Research Institute, Japan Racing Association, 1400-4 Shiba, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0412, Japan.

Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical efficacy of constant rate infusions (CRIs) of medetomidine-propofol combined with sevoflurane anesthesia in Thoroughbred racehorses undergoing arthroscopic surgery. Thirty horses were sedated intravenously (IV) with medetomidine (6.0 μg/kg) and midazolam (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0426-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6217774PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

A prospective study on insect bite hypersensitivity in horses exported from Iceland into Switzerland.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 3;60(1):69. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Clinical Research & VPH, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Länggass-str 124, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is an IgE-mediated dermatitis caused by bites of Culicoides spp., which occurs frequently in horses imported from Iceland to continental Europe. IBH does not occur in Iceland because Culicoides species that bite horses are not present. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0425-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215642PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Epidemiological assessment of the risk of canine mast cell tumours based on the Kiupel two-grade malignancy classification.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 3;60(1):70. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department and Clinic of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, Akademicka 13 St., 20-950, Lublin, Poland.

Background: The degree of differentiation of mast cell tumours (MCTs) is the most important feature and reflects the morphological characteristics and metastatic potential of the tumour and its likely response to treatment and the prognosis. The aim of this study was to epidemiologically analyse the risk of MCT development in dogs according to breed, age, sex, size and anatomical location of the tumour using the Kiupel grading system. The analysis involved 492 dogs selected based on a histopathological assessment of 2763 canine skin tumours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0424-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215678PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Extent and pattern of pregnancy losses and progesterone levels during gestation in Swedish Red and Swedish Holstein dairy cows.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 30;60(1):68. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Centre for Reproductive Biology in Uppsala, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7023, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Pregnancy loss is a major source of infertility in dairy cows. Despite a fertilization rate after insemination (AI) of approximately 90%, calving rates are 30%-50%, indicating the occurrence of extensive embryonic and foetal losses. The aim of this study was to establish the extent and pattern of embryonic and foetal loss in Swedish Red (SR) and Swedish Holstein (SH) dairy cows, as well as, the relationship to oestrus intensity (OI) and progesterone (P4) concentration. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0420-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208093PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Radiographic and ultrasonographic findings in a dog with emphysematous pyometra.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 29;60(1):67. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Emphysematous pyometra is a rare canine disease characterized by gas-forming bacteria infecting the uterus and causing an accumulation of both gas and infectious exudate in the uterine lumen. While radiological features of emphysematous pyometra have been previously described in dogs, the ultrasonographic appearance has not been reported.

Case Presentation: A 7-year-old intact female Labrador Retriever was presented because of a 1 day history of vomiting, anorexia, mild polyuria/polydipsia and signs of fatigue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0419-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206667PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Current biomarkers of canine mammary tumors.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 29;60(1):66. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Small Animal Diseases with Clinic, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787, Warsaw, Poland.

Mammary tumors are the second most common neoplasia in dogs. Due to the high similarity of canine mammary tumors (CMT) to human breast cancers (HBC), human biomarkers of HBC are also detectable in cases of CMT. The evaluation of biomarkers enables clinical diagnoses, treatment options and prognosis for bitches suffering from this disease. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0417-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206704PMC
October 2018
19 Reads

Maxillomandibulocardiac reflex in a dog.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 29;60(1):64. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padua, Viale dell'Università 16, 35020, Legnaro, PD, Italy.

Background: The trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) is a brainstem reflex that may be observed in anaesthesia during surgical procedures stimulating the intracranial or peripheral portion of the trigeminal nerve. The peripheral TCR is divided into the oculocardiac reflex and the maxillomandibulocardiac reflex based on the affected sensory branches of the trigeminal nerve. In veterinary medicine the oculocardiac reflex has been described, however the maxillomandibulocardiac reflex has never been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0421-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206717PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Choleraesuis in a German wild boar population: occurrence and characterisation.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 29;60(1):65. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt Westfalen, Zur Taubeneiche 10-12, 59821, Arnsberg, Germany.

Background: The swine-adapted serovar Choleraesuis of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica is found rarely in domestic pigs in Germany. However, a considerable and increasing number of S. Choleraesuis organisms have been isolated from wild boars in Germany in recent years. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0422-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206682PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Protective effects of platelet-rich plasma against lidocaine cytotoxicity on canine articular chondrocytes.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 26;60(1):63. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Background: Lidocaine (LD) is one of the most commonly used local anesthetics for performing arthroscopic surgery and managing of osteoarthritic pain in both human and veterinary medicine. However, over the last years, several studies have focused on the chondrotoxic effects of LD. In order to ensure that intra-articular lidocaine is safe to use, treatments aimed at mitigating chondrocyte death have recently been investigated. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0418-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204030PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Scorer and modality agreement for the detection of intervertebral disc calcification in Dachshunds.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 13;60(1):62. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Roseworthy Campus, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia.

Background: The Dachshund is a chondrodystrophic breed of dog predisposed to premature degeneration and calcification, and subsequent herniation, of intervertebral discs (IVDs). This condition is heritable in Dachshunds and breeding candidates are screened for radiographically detectable intervertebral disc calcification (RDIDC), a feature of advanced disc degeneration and a prognostic factor for clinical disease. RDIDC scoring has been previously shown to be consistent within scorers; however, strong scorer effect (subjectivity) was also reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0416-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6186048PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Protective role of the vulture facial skin and gut microbiomes aid adaptation to scavenging.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 11;60(1):61. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350, Copenhagen K, Denmark.

Background: Vultures have adapted the remarkable ability to feed on carcasses that may contain microorganisms that would be pathogenic to most other animals. The holobiont concept suggests that the genetic basis of such adaptation may not only lie within their genomes, but additionally in their associated microbes. To explore this, we generated shotgun DNA sequencing datasets of the facial skin and large intestine microbiomes of the black vulture (Coragyps atratus) and the turkey vulture (Cathartes aura). Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0415-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182802PMC
October 2018
22 Reads

Adoptive cell transfer: new perspective treatment in veterinary oncology.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Oct 11;60(1):60. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.

Cancer immunotherapy is recently considered the most promising treatment for human patients with advanced tumors and could be effectively combined with conventional therapies such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Patients with hematological malignancies and melanoma have benefited greatly from immunotherapies such as, adoptive cell transfer therapy, experiencing durable remissions and prolonged survival. In the face of increasing enthusiasm for immunotherapy, particularly for the administration of tumor-specific T lymphocytes, the question arises whether this method could be employed to improve treatment outcomes for canine patients. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0414-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180494PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Intraluminal tracheal lipoma as a rare cause of dyspnoea in a dog.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 27;60(1):59. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, PL 57, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 57, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Tracheal tumors are rarely diagnosed in veterinary medicine and the majority of tracheal neoplasia reported in adult dogs are malignant. Intratracheal lipoma has not been previously reported in the veterinary literature.

Case Presentation: A 7-year-old Briard dog was evaluated for inspiratory dyspnoea and an inspiratory wheeze. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0413-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161456PMC
September 2018
16 Reads

The use of phoxim and bendiocarb for control of fleas in farmed mink (Mustela vison).

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 22;60(1):58. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Jan Dahl Consult, Østrupvej 89, 4350, Ugerløse, Denmark.

Background: Fleas (Ceratophyllus sciurorum) are common on farmed mink in Denmark. When present, the fleas have a negative impact on the health of the farmed mink and are of nuisance for farm staff. Severe infestations of fleas cause anemia, poor growth and may result in death of mink kits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0412-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151002PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Cross-sectional study on risk factors for Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus sow herd instability in German breeding herds.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 19;60(1):57. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Field Station for Epidemiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Buescheler Strasse 9, 49456, Bakum, Germany.

Background: Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus (PRRSV) stability, besides meeting production targets, is also a requirement for several control options of PRRS in pig breeding farms. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of, and risk factors associated with, PRRSV instability in pig breeding farms in northern Germany. In 120 sow herds, a questionnaire on production and management parameters was filled, and blood samples from 30 suckling pigs from 10 different litters were taken and examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0411-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146660PMC
September 2018
8 Reads

Development of the Finnish neurological function testing battery for dogs and its intra- and inter-rater reliability.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 17;60(1):56. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 57, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: The Finnish neurological function testing battery for dogs (FINFUN) was developed to meet the increasing demand for objective outcome measures in veterinary physiotherapy. The testing battery should provide consistent, reproducible results and have established face and content validity. Internal consistency and intra- and inter-rater reliability of the FINFUN were also investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0408-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142623PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Bronchopneumonia in Swedish lambs: a study of pathological changes and bacteriological agents.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 17;60(1):54. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Ulls väg 26), 757 56, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: One of the most common post-mortem inspection finding of sheep and lambs in Sweden, following routine slaughter is pneumonia and its prevalence is increasing. To our knowledge, the aetiology of pneumonia in lambs is not well-known for Swedish conditions. Chronic bronchopneumonia, also known as "atypical" or chronic non-progressive pneumonia, is a common disease worldwide, affecting lambs up to 12 months old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0409-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142326PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Treatment of 503 cattle with traumatic reticuloperitonitis.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 17;60(1):55. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Farm Animals, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: The treatment of traumatic reticuloperitonitis (TRP) in cattle has a long and impressive history that goes back more than 100 years. This study describes treatment for TRP in 503 cattle. Initial treatment was based on radiographic findings; cattle with a foreign body attached to a magnet were treated conservatively using antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and intravenous fluids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0410-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142694PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Determination of the expression of three fimbrial subunit proteins in cultured Trueperella pyogenes.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 12;60(1):53. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Changjiang Road 600, Harbin, 150030, Heilongjiang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Trueperella pyogenes is a commensal and a significant opportunistic pathogen in animals. A variety of identified or putative virulence factors are considered to significantly contribute to the occurrence of T. pyogenes infection in different species. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0407-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134790PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Correction to: Goats in the city: prevalence of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in extensively reared goats in northern India.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 09 10;60(1):52. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Parasitology Laboratory, Department for Food Safety and Infection Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Adamstuen Campus, PO Box 8146, Dep. 0033, Oslo, Norway.

In the original publication of this article [1] the supplementary file was missing two primers for the PCR reaction and the PCR conditions of Giardia and Cryptosporidium. In this correction article the updated additional file (Additional file 1) is available, in which the two primers are included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0402-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6130062PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Iatrogenic cerebral arterial gas embolism from flushing of the arterial line in two calves.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 6;60(1):51. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Längassstrasse 124, 3012, Berne, Switzerland.

Background: Measurement of invasive blood pressure as reflection of blood flow and tissue perfusion is often carried out in animals during general anesthesia. Intravascular cannulation offers the potential for gas to directly enter the circulation and lead to arterial gas embolism. Cerebral arterial gas embolism may cause a spectrum of adverse effects ranging from very mild symptoms to severe neurological injury and death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0405-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127953PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Clinical evaluation of constant rate infusion of alfaxalone-medetomidine combined with sevoflurane anesthesia in Thoroughbred racehorses undergoing arthroscopic surgery.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Sep 4;60(1):50. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Equine Research Institute, JRA, 1400-4 Shiba, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, 329-0412, Japan.

Background: Alfaxalone has a number of pharmacological properties which are desirable for constant rate infusion (CRI). Previously, the co-administration of alfaxalone and medetomidine is shown to be suitable for short-term anesthesia in horses. However, the use of alfaxalone-medetomidine CRI with inhalational anesthesia under surgical procedures have not been investigated in clinical cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0406-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123962PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Excretion of Eimeria spp. oocysts in young lambs following iron supplementation.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Aug 29;60(1):49. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Kyrkjevegen 332/334, 4325, Sandnes, Norway.

Background: Iron is an essential nutrient, and iron supplementation has been shown to reduce the incidence of abomasal bloat in lambs. Additionally, iron deficiency is linked to pica, which may increase uptake of Eimeria oocysts. Coccidiosis in sheep, caused by Eimeria spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0404-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114706PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

Mink (Neovison vison) kits with pre-weaning diarrhea have elevated serum amyloid A levels and intestinal pathomorphological similarities with New Neonatal Porcine Diarrhea Syndrome.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Aug 15;60(1):48. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Kopenhagen Fur, Langagervej 60, 2600, Glostrup, Denmark.

Background: Pre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) is a syndrome affecting farm-raised neonatal mink kits. Apart from diarrhea it causes greasy skin exudation, dehydration, and distressed behavior and can ultimately lead to death. No specific causative agents have been identified and the syndrome is regarded as multifactorial. Read More

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https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0403-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094914PMC
August 2018
13 Reads

Hock lesions in dairy cows in freestall herds: a cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Aug 13;60(1):47. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Animal Health and Antimicrobial Strategies, National Veterinary Institute, 75189, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Hock lesions (HL) in dairy cows are a common animal welfare problem in modern dairy production with freestall housing systems, but there are no large-scale studies addressing its epidemiology in Sweden. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to investigate the prevalence of HL of different severity in 100 Swedish freestall dairy herds, and to identify cow- and herd-related risk factors. Associations between HL and mastitis as well as culling were also investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0401-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090646PMC
August 2018
15 Reads