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    3569 results match your criteria Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica [Journal]

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    Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 16;59(1):61. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlægevej 68, 1870, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Background: While fungal infections of the bovine uterus are well-known diseases in pregnant cattle, very limited knowledge exists on the presence and significance of fungi in the uterus of non-pregnant cows. Presence of fungi in the uterine lumen of postpartum (pp) cows has been reported, but little attention has been paid to this as most studies of the bovine pp uterus have focused on bacteria.

    Case Presentation: Microscopy of uterine lavage cytology slides of three cows from one herd revealed the presence of numerous yeast-like organisms, which were located either free in the fluid or within macrophages. Read More

    Antimicrobial resistance among pathogenic bacteria from mink (Neovison vison) in Denmark.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 13;59(1):60. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Anker Engelundsvej 1, 2800, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Background: For proper treatment of bacterial infections in mink, knowledge of the causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns is crucial. The used antimicrobials are in general not registered for mink, i.e. Read More

    Bovine trypanosomosis: changes in parasitemia and packed cell volume in dry and wet seasons at Gidami District, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 11;59(1):59. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Pathology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P.O.Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.
    Background: Animal trypanosomosis is one of the major disease problems affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia. The impact of the disease is believed to vary with season and agro-ecologies in line with fly vector distribution. A cross-sectional study on bovine trypanosomosis was conducted from November 2015 to June 2016, in seven selected villages of Gidami district, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia. Read More

    Effect of long-term storage in Safe Cell+ extender on boar sperm DNA integrity and other key sperm parameters.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 11;59(1):58. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Internal Medicine and Clinic of Diseases of Horses, Dogs and Cats, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl. Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366, Wrocław, Poland.
    Background: There is some controversy about the extent of changes in different sperm cell features in stored boar semen, especially regarding the potential role of the DNA fragmentation assay for assessment of sperm fertilizing ability. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time of storage and the dynamic changes in sperm cell characteristics in normospermic boar semen stored in long-term extender, in order to determine the susceptibility to damage of particular structures of spermatozoa during cooling and storage at 17 °C for 240 h post collection. The study included five ejaculates from each of seven boars of the Polish Large White breed (n = 35 ejaculates). Read More

    On-farm biosecurity practices and causes of preweaning mortality in Canadian commercial mink kits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 8;59(1):57. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.
    Background: Mink are an important animal commodity group in Canada and excessive kit mortality represents a significant loss to production. National biosecurity standards have been developed for Canadian mink farms, but it is unclear how well these standards have been implemented as there are no studies correlating management practices of mink producers with causes of death in mink kits. To that end, we surveyed Ontario mink producers on their biosecurity and management practices and conducted almost 5660 post mortem examinations on found-dead, preweaned kits to characterize mink farm biosecurity practices and causes of death in preweaned kits. Read More

    Susceptibility of Moroccan sheep and goat breeds to peste des petits ruminants virus.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 7;59(1):56. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Research and Development, MCI Santé Animale, Lot. 157, Z I, Sud-Ouest (ERAC), B.P. 278, 28810, Mohammedia, Morocco.
    Background: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants in Asia and Africa. In 2008, a PPR outbreak was reported for the first time in Morocco and a mass vaccination campaign allowed control of the disease. In this study, the susceptibility of four Moroccan local breeds of small ruminants to PPR virus was investigated by experimental infections. Read More

    Hypoluteoidism in a dog associated with recurrent mammary fibroadenoma stimulated by progestin therapy.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 6;59(1):55. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Via Vienna n.2, 07100, Sassari, Italy.
    Background: Hypoluteoidism in the bitch is characterized by insufficient production and secretion of progesterone by the corpora lutea. It is a rare pathologic condition and during pregnancy, it leads to embryonic resorption or fetal abortion. Supplementary therapy with progestins is indicated during pregnancy to obtain delivery of vital puppies but unwarranted side effects of such treatment are poorly documented. Read More

    Questionnaire survey of detrimental fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 3;59(1):54. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: In 2007, a previously unrecorded disease, fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma (FENP), was detected in farmed mink (Neovision vision), foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in Finland. Symptoms included severe pyoderma with increased mortality, causing both animal welfare problems and economic losses. In 2011, an epidemiologic questionnaire was mailed to all members of the Finnish Fur Breeders' Association to assess the occurrence of FENP from 2009 through the first 6 months of 2011. Read More

    The reproductive pattern and potential of free ranging female wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Sweden.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 1;59(1):52. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: The number and spatial distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa) has increased remarkably in Sweden as well as in other European countries. To understand the population dynamics of the wild boar, knowledge of its reproductive period, oestrus cycle and reproductive success is essential. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the seasonal reproductive pattern and reproductive potential of a wild boar population in Sweden. Read More

    Occurrence of cardiorespiratory diseases and impact on lifespan in Swedish Irish Wolfhounds: a retrospective questionnaire-based study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 2;59(1):53. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: According to Swedish animal insurance data, Irish Wolfhounds (IW) are 29 times more likely to die from cardiac causes than the baseline breed. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has a high prevalence in the breed and the disease has been shown to be hereditary in IW. Few studies address respiratory diseases in IW, but reports suggest that the incidence of pneumonia is high. Read More

    Pathogenic genotype of major piroplasm surface protein associated with anemia in Theileria orientalis infection in cattle.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 27;59(1):51. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Iksan, 54596, Republic of Korea.
    Serious disease outbreaks in cattle caused by Theileria orientalis have emerged in the Asia-Pacific region. Genetic variables of the major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) expressed on the surface of the piroplasm inside T. orientalis-infected erythrocytes are considered to be associated with variation in the pathogenicity of T. Read More

    In vitro assessment of the antimicrobial activity of silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles against fish pathogens.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 21;59(1):49. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Clinical Division of Fish Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: Antibiotic resistance is a global issue that threatens public health. The excessive use of antibiotics contributes to this problem as the genes of antibiotic resistance can be transferred between the bacteria in humans, animals and aquatic organisms. Metallic nanoparticles could serve as future substitutes for some conventional antibiotics because of their antimicrobial activity. Read More

    Current knowledge on feline injection-site sarcoma treatment.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 17;59(1):47. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Department of Small Animal Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.
    Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumours of mesenchymal origin, the treatment of which is a challenge for veterinary surgeons. The role of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FISS treatment has been studied, and a correlation between "clean" surgical margins and disease-free survival has been shown. In addition, clean surgical margins are one of the most important factors for achieving a low recurrence rate. Read More

    Influence of simethicone and fasting on the quality of abdominal ultrasonography in New Zealand White rabbits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 17;59(1):48. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Graduate Program in Animal Science, School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Curitiba, Paraná, 80215-901, Brazil.
    Presence of significant quantities of gas in the intestines may hinder a proper conduction of abdominal ultrasonography. In humans, preparatory techniques are used to solve this, but measures to avoid ultrasonographic complications due to intestinal gas in rabbits have not been reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of fasting and simethicone administered orally on the quality of ultrasonographic images of the gallbladder, kidneys, and jejunum in adult New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits. Read More

    Survey of interdigital phlegmon outbreaks and their risk factors in free stall dairy herds in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 12;59(1):46. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920, Saarentaus, Finland.
    Background: Severe outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon (IP) associated with a high morbidity and major economic losses have occurred in Finland in the past decade. A survey was performed to indicate the current occurrence of infectious hoof diseases and to identify herd level risk factors predisposing to an outbreak of IP.

    Results: Responses to a questionnaire revealed that an outbreak of IP defined as morbidity ≥5% within the 1st month of the outbreak, had occurred in 18. Read More

    Anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with an atypical pulmonary valve stenosis with a fibrous band of tissue and a patent ductus arteriosus.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 11;59(1):45. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Department of Veterinary Medical Imaging, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 143-701, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Congenital pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus are common congenital heart defects in dogs. However, concurrence of atypical pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus is uncommon. This report describes the anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with concomitant pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus with atypical pulmonary valve dysplasia that included a fibrous band of tissue. Read More

    Psychometric evaluation of the canine brief pain inventory in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to osteoarthritis.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 1;59(1):44. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Unit of Research Education and Development, Region Jämtland Härjedalen, Box 654, 831 27, Östersund, Sweden.
    Background: To evaluate intervention, implement evidence-based practice and enhance the welfare of dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA), access to valid, reliable and clinically relevant outcome measures is crucial for researchers, veterinarians and rehabilitation practitioners. The objectives of the present study were to translate and evaluate psychometric properties, in terms of internal consistency and construct validity, of the owner-reported measure canine brief pain inventory (CBPI) in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to OA.

    Results: Twenty-one owners of clinically sound dogs and 58 owners of dogs with pain related to OA were included in this observational and cross-sectional study. Read More

    Risk factors associated with diarrhea in Danish commercial mink (Neovison vison) during the pre-weaning period.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 29;59(1):43. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Ridebanevej 3, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Background: Pre-weaning diarrhea in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a syndrome and outbreaks occur every year on commercial mink farms in all mink producing countries. Morbidity and mortality can be considerable on a farm with huge economic consequences for the farmer as well as compromised welfare for the mink kits. Although efforts have been taken to identify etiologic agents involved in outbreaks, the syndrome is still regarded as multifactorial and recurring problems on the same farms draw attention to management and environmental risk factors. Read More

    Excretory/secretory products of anisakid nematodes: biological and pathological roles.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 23;59(1):42. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Laboratory of Aquatic Pathobiology, Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Parasites from the family Anisakidae are widely distributed in marine fish populations worldwide and mainly nematodes of the three genera Anisakis, Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum have attracted attention due to their pathogenicity in humans. Their life cycles include invertebrates and fish as intermediate or transport hosts and mammals or birds as final hosts. Human consumption of raw or underprocessed seafood containing third stage larvae of anisakid parasites may elicit a gastrointestinal disease (anisakidosis) and allergic responses. Read More

    In vitro production of bovine embryos derived from individual donors in the Corral(®) dish.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 15;59(1):41. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics, and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820, Merelbeke, Belgium.
    Background: Since the identity of the embryo is of outmost importance during commercial in vitro embryo production, bovine oocytes and embryos have to be cultured strictly per donor. Due to the rather low yield of oocytes collected after ovum pick-up (OPU) per individual cow, oocyte maturation and embryo culture take place in small groups, which is often associated with inferior embryo development. The objective of this study was to improve embryonic development in small donor groups by using the Corral(®) dish. Read More

    Experimentally induced subclinical mastitis: are lipopolysaccharide and lipoteichoic acid eliciting similar pain responses?
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 14;59(1):40. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy Section, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Laenggassstrasse 124, 3012, Berne, Switzerland.
    Background: Pain accompanying mastitis has gained attention recently as a relevant welfare compromising aspect of disease. Adequate pain recognition and therapy are necessary in the context of a modern and ethically acceptable dairy care. For research purposes mastitis is often induced by intramammary infusion of immunogenic bacterial cell wall components. Read More

    Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography as tools for the investigation of sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) teeth and eye.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 12;59(1):38. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, 10G, 8000, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Background: Scanning techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are useful tools in veterinary and human medicine. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of these techniques in the study of the anatomy of wild marine mammals as part of a necropsy. MRI and CT scans of sperm whale teeth (n = 4) were performed. Read More

    Neurophysiological assessment of spinal cord injuries in dogs using somatosensory and motor evoked potentials.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 12;59(1):37. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Cidade Universitária, Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, São Paulo, SP, 05508-270, Brazil.
    Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) are non-invasive neurophysiological tests that reflect the functional integrity of sensory and motor pathways. Despite their extensive use and description in human medicine, reports in veterinary medicine are scarce. SSEPs are obtained via peripheral stimulation of sensory or mixed nerves; stimulation induces spinal and cortical responses, which are recorded when sensory pathways integrity is preserved. Read More

    Determination of reference values and frequency of occurrence of patella alta in German shepherd dogs: a retrospective study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 31;59(1):36. Epub 2017 May 31.
    National Veterinary Research Institute in Pulawy, Partyzantów 57, 24-100, Puławy, Poland.
    Background: Patella alta and patella baja are important conditions underlying a predisposition to many joint diseases, including patellar luxation and patellar chondromalacia of the articular cartilage. The frequencies of patella alta and patella baja have not yet been determined. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of patella alta and to determine reference values to the position of the vertical patella according to two modified techniques of the Insall-Salvati method in a group of 65 German shepherd dogs (115 stifle joints). Read More

    Results of the Schirmer tear test performed with open and closed eyes in clinically normal horses.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 31;59(1):35. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Alborz, Iran.
    Background: The Schirmer tear test (STT) is widely used in both human and veterinary ophthalmology. Two types of STTs have been developed: STT I and SST II. The STT I measures the basal and reflex tear production and is the most widely used STT. Read More

    Effect of concrete slats, three mat types and out-wintering pads on performance and welfare of finishing beef steers.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 30;59(1):34. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Livestock Systems Research, Department Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Grange, Dunsany, Co. Meath, C15 PW93, Ireland.
    Background: The objective was to investigate the effect of placing mats on concrete slatted floors on performance, behaviour, hoof condition, dirt scores, physiological and immunological variables of beef steers, and to compare responses with animals on out-wintering pads. Continental crossbred beef steers [n = 360; mean (±SD) initial live weight 539 kg (42.2)] were blocked by breed and live weight and randomly assigned to one of five treatments; (1) Concrete slats alone, (2) Mat 1 (Natural Rubber structure) (Durapak Rubber Products), (3) Mat 2 (Natural rubber structure) (EasyFix), (4) Mat 3 (modified ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) foam structure) and (5) Out-wintering pads (OWP's). Read More

    Bacteriological etiology and treatment of mastitis in Finnish dairy herds.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 25;59(1):33. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920, Saarentaus, Finland.
    Background: The Finnish dairy herd recording system maintains production and health records of cows and herds. Veterinarians and farmers register veterinary treatments in the system. Milk samples for microbiological analysis are routinely taken from mastitic cows. Read More

    Post weaning diarrhea in pigs: risk factors and non-colistin-based control strategies.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 19;59(1):31. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Montreal, 3200 Sicotte Street, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, J2S 2M2, Canada.
    Post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) is one of the most serious threats for the swine industry worldwide. It is commonly associated with the proliferation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in the pig intestine. Colistin, a cationic antibiotic, is widely used in swine for the oral treatment of intestinal infections caused by E. Read More

    C-kit receptor immunopositive interstitial cells (Cajal-type) in the porcine reproductive tract.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 19;59(1):32. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of Large Animal Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS-SGGW), Nowoursynowska 100, 02-797, Warsaw, Poland.
    Background: Interstitial Cajal cells have been suspected as being the pacemaker cells of smooth muscle motor activity and discharging slow triggering waves in the gut as well as in other organs containing smooth muscles where they are known as interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICLC). The present study describes ICLC localization and density in the porcine oviduct and uterus. Differences in ICLC density were examined using histological, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent methods and c-kit expression was determined. Read More

    The effect of hemostatic dressing prototypes for the uniformed services on selected blood coagulation parameters in pigs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 12;59(1):29. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Police Academy in Szczytno, Marszałka Józefa Piłsudskiego 111, 12-100, Szczytno, Poland.
    Background: Serious injuries accompanied by severe bleeding are life-threatening. Post-traumatic hemorrhage involves the risk of developing coagulopathy. Hemostatic dressings are widely used to minimize bleeding. Read More

    Experimental tumor growth of canine osteosarcoma cell line on chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (in vivo studies).
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 12;59(1):30. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Small Animal Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.
    The chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model is extensively used in human medicine in preclinical oncological studies. The CAM model has several advantages: low cost, simple experimental approach, time saving and following "3R principles". Research has shown that the human osteosarcoma cell lines U2OS, MMNG-HOS, and SAOS can form tumors on the CAM. Read More

    The effect of dexmedetomidine on cerebral perfusion and oxygenation in healthy piglets with normal and lowered blood pressure anaesthetized with propofol-remifentanil total intravenous anaesthesia.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 3;59(1):27. Epub 2017 May 3.
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 16 Dyrlægevej, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Background: During anaesthesia and surgery, in particular neurosurgery, preservation of cerebral perfusion and oxygenation (CPO) is essential for normal postoperative brain function. The isolated effects on CPO of either individual anaesthetic drugs or entire anaesthetic protocols are of importance in both clinical and research settings. Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and remifentanil is widely used in human neuroanaesthesia. Read More

    Twenty-four-hour ambulatory electrocardiography characterization of heart rhythm in Vipera berus-envenomed dogs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 3;59(1):28. Epub 2017 May 3.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Small Animal Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7084, 75007, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: Vipera berus has a worldwide distribution and causes high morbidity in dogs annually. A complication to envenomation may be cardiac arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, types, and timing of arrhythmias, using 24-h ambulatory electrocardiography (24-AECG), in dogs bitten by V. Read More

    Re-emergence of hereditary polyneuropathy in Scandinavian Alaskan malamute dogs-old enemy or new entity? A case series.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 2;59(1):26. Epub 2017 May 2.
    Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 8146, 0033, Oslo, Norway.
    A homozygous mutation has been identified in the N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) in recent cases of polyneuropathy in Alaskan malamute dogs from the Nordic countries and USA. The objective of the present study was to determine if cases diagnosed 30-40 years ago with polyneuropathy in the Alaskan malamute breed in Norway had the same hereditary disease as the recent cases. Fourteen historical cases and 12 recently diagnosed Alaskan malamute dogs with hereditary polyneuropathy, and their parents and littermates (n = 88) were included in this study (total n = 114). Read More

    Disseminated hyaline ring granuloma in the omentum of a dog.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Apr 28;59(1):25. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Department of Small Animal Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.
    Background: Hyaline ring granuloma (HRG) is an uncommon histopathologic finding of unsolved etiopathogenesis. According to the exogenous theory, HRG develops due to implantation of foreign material, most probably indigestible plant fragments. HRG is a comparatively rare condition in humans, mostly involving the oral cavity with very rare extraoral locations. Read More

    Liver morphometrics and metabolic blood profile across divergent phenotypes for feed efficiency in the bovine.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Apr 26;59(1):24. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.
    Background: Feed costs are a major expense in the production of beef cattle. Individual variation in the efficiency of feed utilization may be evident through feed efficiency-related phenotypes such as those related to major energetic sinks. Our objectives were to assess the relationships between feed efficiency with liver morphometry and metabolic blood profile in feedlot beef cattle. Read More

    Cervid herpesvirus 2 and not Moraxella bovoculi caused keratoconjunctivitis in experimentally inoculated semi-domesticated Eurasian tundra reindeer.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Apr 24;59(1):23. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Norwegian Veterinary Institute, POBox 6050, Langnes, 9037, Tromsø, Norway.
    Background: Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is a transmissible disease in semi-domesticated Eurasian reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus). It is regarded as multifactorial and a single causative pathogen has not yet been identified. From clinical outbreaks we have previously identified Cervid herpesvirus 2 (CvHV2) and Moraxella bovoculi as candidates for experimental investigations. Read More

    Prevalence of subclinical mastitis in Finnish dairy cows: changes during recent decades and impact of cow and herd factors.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Apr 20;59(1):22. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920, Saarentaus, Finland.
    Background: The dairy industry has undergone substantial structural changes as intensive farming has developed during recent decades. Mastitis continues to be the most common production disease of dairy cows. Nationwide surveys of mastitis prevalence are useful in monitoring udder health of dairy herds and to study the impact of structural changes on the dairy industry. Read More

    Serum C-reactive protein concentrations in Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers with immune-mediated rheumatic disease.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Apr 17;59(1):21. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers (NSDTRs) are a dog breed often affected by immune-mediated rheumatic disease (IMRD), a disorder characterised by chronic stiffness and joint pain. Most, but not all, dogs with IMRD, have antinuclear antibodies (ANA), which are also commonly present in the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The clinical and diagnostic findings of IMRD indicate that it is an SLE-related disorder. Read More

    Mammary gland tumors in a male Cocker Spaniel.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Apr 11;59(1):20. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine and Institute of Veterinary Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 200-701, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Mammary gland tumors are the most common tumors in sexually intact female dogs; however, they are rare in male dogs. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between sexual hormones and mammary gland tumors in a male dog.

    Case Presentation: A 13-year-old, intact male Cocker Spaniel presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Kangwon National University, Republic of Korea, with an acute right ruptured caudal abdominal mass. Read More

    Prevalence of helminth and coccidian parasites in Swedish outdoor cats and the first report of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus in Sweden: a coprological investigation.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Mar 23;59(1):19. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    Department of Microbiology, National Veterinary Institute (SVA), Ulls väg 2B, 75189, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: This study was performed in order to gather recent epidemiological data on feline endoparasites in Swedish cats. Faecal samples from 205 outdoor cats were collected by their owners and submitted to the National Veterinary Institute for analysis. The study population was comprised of cats with access to an outdoor environment and with no history of anthelmintic treatment within the last 3 months. Read More

    Ecological niche modeling of rabies in the changing Arctic of Alaska.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Mar 20;59(1):18. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 901 Koyukuk Drive, PO Box 757750, Fairbanks, AK, 99775, USA.
    Background: Rabies is a disease of global significance including in the circumpolar Arctic. In Alaska enzootic rabies persist in northern and western coastal areas. Only sporadic cases have occurred in areas outside of the regions considered enzootic for the virus, such as the interior of the state and urbanized regions. Read More

    Is transport distance correlated with animal welfare and carcass quality of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus)?
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Mar 15;59(1):17. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Production Animal and Wildlife Health Research Unit, Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Elektroniikkatie 3, 90590 Oulu, Finland.
    Background: Slaughter reindeer are exposed to stress caused by gathering, handling, loading and unloading, and by conditions in vehicles during transport. These stress factors can lead to compromised welfare and trauma such as bruises or fractures, aspiration of rumen content, and abnormal odour in carcasses, and causing condemnations in meat inspection and lower meat quality. We investigated the statistical association of slaughter transport distance with these indices using meat inspection data from years 2004-2016, including inspection of 669,738 reindeer originating from Finnish reindeer herding areas. Read More

    Sonography of the distal urethra in lambs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Mar 14;59(1):16. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Clinic for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Andrology of Large and Small Animals with Ambulatory Services, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Frankfurter Str. 106, 35392, Giessen, Germany.
    Sonography is a convenient, non-invasive diagnostic modality in small ruminants, often used in reproductive management, internal medicine, and surgery. Pregnancy diagnostics and imaging anatomy and pathology of organs, such as neoplasia, are major applications. Urolithiasis is one of the most common causes of death in male sheep and goats, for which sonography is the diagnostic modality of choice. Read More

    Diagnostic accuracy of blood sucrose as a screening test for equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS) in adult horses.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Mar 11;59(1):15. Epub 2017 Mar 11.
    Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS) is common in adult horses, particularly those involved in performance disciplines. Currently, detection of EGUS by gastroscopy is the only reliable ante mortem method for definitive diagnosis; however it is unsuitable as a screening test because it is expensive, time consuming, and is not readily available to most veterinarians. Sucrose permeability testing represents a simple, economical alternative to gastroscopy for screening purposes, and the feasibility of this approach in the horse has been previously reported. Read More

    Survey of otitis externa in American Cocker Spaniels in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Feb 28;59(1):14. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 57, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: American Cocker Spaniels are overrepresented among breeds that require surgery as a treatment of end-stage otitis externa. However, the prevalence of otitis externa (OE) in this breed remains unknown. We reviewed the year 2010 medical records of 55 private veterinary clinics in Finland to determine the prevalence of OE in American Cocker Spaniels compared with English Cocker and English and Welsh Springer Spaniels. Read More

    Occurrence of Salmonella spp.: a comparison between indoor and outdoor housing of broilers and laying hens.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Feb 21;59(1):13. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Disease Control and Epidemiology, National Veterinary Institute, SVA, SE-751 89, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: Outdoor production of poultry is rapidly increasing, which could be associated with increased risks for exposure to different environmental sources of Salmonella. We report a comparison on the occurrence of Salmonella during 2007-2015 in broilers and laying hens in outdoor and indoor production subjected to the same requirements for the prevention and control of Salmonella as applied in Sweden.

    Results: Our results give no indication that, during the period studied, the exposure to Salmonella in outdoor poultry production was higher than in the indoor production. Read More

    Preoperative and intraoperative ultrasound aids removal of migrating plant material causing iliopsoas myositis via ventral midline laparotomy: a study of 22 dogs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Feb 14;59(1):12. Epub 2017 Feb 14.
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Via San Costanzo 4, 06126, Perugia, Italy.
    Background: Migrating plant material is often suspected clinically to be the underlying cause of iliopsoas myositis in the dog, but cannot always be found pre- or intraoperatively. In most cases, recurrence of clinical signs is related to failure to remove the plant material. Preoperative ultrasonography can be useful to visualize migrating plant material and to determine anatomical landmarks that can assist in planning a surgical approach. Read More

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