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    3599 results match your criteria Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica [Journal]

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    Overweight in adult cats: a cross-sectional study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 19;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: Overweight in cats is a major risk factor for diabetes mellitus and has also been associated with other disorders. Overweight and obesity are believed to be increasing problems in cats, as is currently seen in people, with important health consequences. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of overweight in cats from two different cohorts in a cross-sectional study design and to assess associations between overweight and diagnoses, and between overweight and demographic and environmental factors. Read More

    Retrospective analysis of insulin responses to standard dosed oral glucose tests (OGTs) via naso-gastric tubing towards definition of an objective cut-off value.
    Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 19;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Clinic for Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bünteweg 9, 30559, Hannover, Germany.
    Background: Insulin dysregulation (ID) with basal or postprandial hyperinsulinemia is one of the key findings in horses and ponies suffering from the equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). Assessment of ID can easily be performed in clinical settings by the use of oral glucose challenge tests. Oral glucose test (OGT) performed with 1 g/kg bodyweight (BW) glucose administered via naso-gastric tube allows the exact administration of a defined glucose dosage in a short time. Read More

    Quantitative method for analysis of six anticoagulant rodenticides in faeces, applied in a case with repeated samples from a dog.
    Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 17;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Forensic Sciences, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4450 Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Accidental poisoning with anticoagulant rodenticides is not uncommon in dogs, but few reports of the elimination kinetics and half-lives in this species have been published. Our objectives were to develop and validate a new method for the quantification of anticoagulant rodenticides in canine blood and faeces using reversed phase ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) and apply the method on a case of anticoagulant rodenticide intoxication.

    Results: Sample preparation was liquid-liquid extraction. Read More

    Milk-flow data collected routinely in an automatic milking system: an alternative to milking-time testing in the management of teat-end condition?
    Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 11;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Having a poor teat-end condition is associated with increased mastitis risk, hence avoiding milking machine settings that have a negative effect on teat-end condition is important for successful dairy production. Milking-time testing (MTT) can be used in the evaluation of vacuum conditions during milking, but the method is less suited for herds using automatic milking systems (AMS) and relationships with teat end condition is poorly described. This study aimed to increase knowledge on interpretation of MTT in AMS and to assess whether milk-flow data obtained routinely by an AMS can be useful for the management of teat-end health. Read More

    Food safety challenges and One Health within Europe.
    Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 3;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 7036, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    This review discusses food safety aspects of importance from a One Health perspective, focusing on Europe. Using examples of food pathogen/food commodity combinations, spread of antimicrobial resistance in the food web and the risk of transmission of zoonotic pathogens in a circular system, it demonstrates how different perspectives are interconnected. The chosen examples all show the complexity of the food system and the necessity of using a One Health approach. Read More

    Goats in the city: prevalence of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in extensively reared goats in northern India.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Dec 22;59(1):86. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Parasitology Laboratory, Department for Food Safety and Infection Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Adamstuen Campus, PO Box 8146, Dep. 0033, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Various characteristics of goats mean they are highly suitable livestock for backyard rearing by people with limited resources. They are a popular livestock choice in India, where they are often kept to supplement an already scarce income. In these settings, hygiene and sanitation standards tend to be low, and weakens the interface between humans and animals, thus reducing the barrier between them and thereby increasing the likelihood that zoonotic and anthroponotic infections will occur. Read More

    Canine angiostrongylosis in Sweden: a nationwide seroepidemiological survey by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and a summary of five-year diagnostic activity (2011-2015).
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Dec 19;59(1):85. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Institute of Parasitology Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Background: For the first time in Sweden, Angiostrongylus vasorum was detected on the island of Sydkoster in foxes and dogs in 2003. After sporadic detection of the parasite in foxes in southern Sweden, the first positive canine faecal sample on the mainland was found in 2011. Since then a total of 2882 faecal samples have been analysed with the Baermann test at the National Veterinary Institute (SVA) during the years 2011-2015; 20 of them being positive. Read More

    A veterinary perspective on One Health in the Arctic.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Dec 16;59(1):84. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Department of Bioscience, Arctic Research Centre (ARC), Aarhus University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Frederiksborgvej 399, PO Box 358, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Exposure to long-range transported industrial chemicals, climate change and diseases is posing a risk to the overall health and populations of Arctic wildlife. Since local communities are relying on the same marine food web as marine mammals in the Arctic, it requires a One Health approach to understand the holistic ecosystem health including that of humans. Here we collect and identify gaps in the current knowledge of health in the Arctic and present the veterinary perspective of One Health and ecosystem dynamics. Read More

    Bovine leptospirosis in urban and peri-urban dairy farming in low-income countries: a "One Health" issue?
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Dec 12;59(1):83. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Global trends in urbanization are increasing the spread of neglected zoonotic infections such as leptospirosis, and reducing the number of human cases of leptospirosis is best accomplished by controlling the infection in the animal reservoir. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo and L. interrogans serovar Hardjo (L. Read More

    Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in breeding pigs in Estonia.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Dec 11;59(1):82. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 62, 51014, Tartu, Estonia.
    Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a widespread occurring parasite infecting warm-blooded animals, including pigs and humans. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of anti-T. gondii antibodies and to evaluate risk factors for T. Read More

    Cross-sectional survey on the use and impact of the Danish national antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Dec 11;59(1):81. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Stigbøjlen 4, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Background: The Danish antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice were published by the Danish Veterinary Association in 2012. Since then, national surveillance data indicate a 10% reduction in the total use of antibiotics for companion animals, particularly a marked reduction in the use of third generation cephalosporins. The aim of the study was to assess if and how the guidelines have impacted diagnostic and antibiotic prescription habits of the users, and to identify user perceived barriers to implementation. Read More

    Production and characterization of anti-Campylobacter jejuni IgY derived from egg yolks.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Dec 6;59(1):80. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Chaire de recherche industrielle du CRSNG en salubrité des viandes, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 rue Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, QUÉBEC, Canada.
    Background: Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of foodborne disease having chickens as an important reservoir. Its control at the farm would lower the contamination of the final products and therefore also lower the risk of transmission to humans. At the farm, C. Read More

    Characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from Austrian companion animals and horses.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 14;59(1):79. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Department of Pathobiology, Institute of Microbiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic relatedness and the antimicrobial resistance profiles of a collection of Austrian Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from companion animals and horses. A total of 12 non-repetitive isolates presumptively identified as S. pneumoniae were obtained during routinely diagnostic activities between March 2009 and January 2017. Read More

    In vitro investigations on extracellular proteins secreted by Aphanomyces invadans, the causative agent of epizootic ulcerative syndrome.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 9;59(1):78. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Clinical Division of Fish Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: Proteases produced by many microorganisms, including oomycetes, are crucial for their growth and development. They may also play a critical role in disease manifestation. Epizootic ulcerative syndrome is one of the most destructive fish diseases known. Read More

    Kinetic gait analysis in English Bulldogs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 2;59(1):77. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo (FMVZ/USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Canine breed conformation may interfere with locomotion and may predispose to orthopedic disease. Bulldogs have a high incidence of orthopedic diseases such as hip dysplasia. Kinetic gait analysis provides an objective way to assess and analyze locomotion. Read More

    High prevalence of zoonotic trematodes in roach (Rutilus rutilus) in the Gulf of Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 1;59(1):75. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Elektroniikkatie 3, 90590, Oulu, Finland.
    The intention to increase roach (Rutilus rutilus) consumption is in focus for ecological and economic reasons in Finland. However, its safety as food has not been considered comprehensively. We collected and artificially digested 85 roach halves originating from the south-eastern coast of Finland, and found trematode metacercariae in 98. Read More

    Osteochondritis dissecans-like lesions of the occipital condyle and cervical articular process joints in a Saddlebred colt horse.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 30;59(1):76. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.
    Background: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a sequela to osteochondrosis, whereby the cartilage superficial to the site of osteochondrosis fractures and gives rise to osteochondral fragments in the affected joint. In this case, both the radiological and computed tomography findings were supportive of classical severe OCD but the histologic findings were not supportive of the diagnosis of OCD.

    Case Presentation: A 1 year and 6 months old, Saddlebred, colt was presented for evaluation of chronic cervical pain. Read More

    A comparison of unheated loose housing with stables on the respiratory health of weaned-foals in cold winter conditions: an observational field-study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 26;59(1):73. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, 00014, Finland.
    Background: Newly weaned horses in Finland are often moved to unheated loose housing systems in which the weanlings have free access to a paddock and a shelter. This practice is considered to be good for the development of young horses. The daily temperatures can stay below - 20 °C in Finland for several consecutive weeks during the winter season. Read More

    Arcanobacterium phocae infection in mink (Neovison vison), seals (Phoca vitulina, Halichoerus grypus) and otters (Lutra lutra).
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 26;59(1):74. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Department for Diagnostics and Scientific Advice, National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 202, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark.
    Background: Infectious skin disorders are not uncommon in mink. Such disorders are important as they have a negative impact on animal health and welfare as well as on the quality and value of the fur. This study presents the isolation of Arcanobacterium phocae from mink with severe skin lesions and other pathological conditions, and from wild seals and otters. Read More

    Comparative review of human and canine osteosarcoma: morphology, epidemiology, prognosis, treatment and genetics.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 24;59(1):71. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, LE12 5RD, UK.
    Osteosarcoma (OSA) is a rare cancer in people. However OSA incidence rates in dogs are 27 times higher than in people. Prognosis in both species is relatively poor, with 5 year OSA survival rates in people not having improved in decades. Read More

    Computed tomography of the thorax in rabbits: a prospective study in ten clinically healthy New Zealand White rabbits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 24;59(1):72. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Clinic for Diagnostic Imaging, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 258c, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Background: Literature investigating the normal cross-sectional anatomy of rabbits with computed tomography (CT) is sparse and incomplete. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the normal thoracic structures, in particular the cranial thorax, with CT angiography in 10 clinically healthy New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits.

    Results: Absolute and relative measurements of the trachea, heart, thoracic caudal vena cava and aorta, right and left principal bronchi, right and left caudal lobar bronchi and the accompanying branches of the right and left pulmonary artery and vein, right and left lung volume and lung density were taken. Read More

    Effects of inbreeding and other systematic effects on fertility of Black Forest Draught horses in Germany.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 18;59(1):70. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Institute for Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover (Foundation), Bünteweg 17p, 30559, Hannover, Germany.
    Background: The Black Forest Draught horse (BFDH) is an endangered German coldblood breed with its origin in the area of the Black Forest in South Germany. In this retrospective study, the influence of the inbreeding coefficient on foaling rates was investigated using records from ten breeding seasons. Due to the small population size of BFDH, the level of inbreeding is increasing and may have an effect on foaling rates. Read More

    Fatal haemorrhage and neoplastic thrombosis in a captive African lion (Panthera leo) with metastatic testicular sex cord-stromal tumour.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 13;59(1):69. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Laboratório de Patologia Comparada de Animais Selvagens, Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, 05508270, Brazil.
    Background: The study of neoplasia in wildlife species contributes to the understanding of cancer biology, management practices, and comparative pathology. Higher frequencies of neoplasms among captive non-domestic felids have been reported most commonly in aging individuals. However, testicular tumours have rarely been reported. Read More

    A comparison of two different anthelmintic treatment regimens against natural gastrointestinal nematode infections on two Lithuanian sheep farms.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 11;59(1):68. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Veterinary Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Tilzės str. 18, 47181, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Background: According to targeted treatment (TT), the whole flock is dewormed based on knowledge of the risk, or parameters that quantify the mean level of infection, whereas according to targeted selective treatment (TST), only individual animals within the grazing group are treated, based on parasitological, production and/or morbidity parameters. The aim of this study was to compare two different treatment protocols on sheep farms in Lithuania. The study was conducted from 15 April to 31 October 2014 on three sheep farms. Read More

    Guaiphenesin-ketamine-xylazine infusion to maintain anesthesia in mules undergoing field castration.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 11;59(1):67. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, Via Circonvallazione, 62022, Matelica, Italy.
    Background: In order to determine whether a combination of guaiphenesin, ketamine and xylazine can induce safe and satisfactory anaesthesia in mules undergoing field castration, eight healthy adult intact male mules were employed. They were premedicated with intravenous (IV) xylazine (1.3 mg/kg); an additional dose of xylazine (0. Read More

    Analytical validation of bovine plasma ceruloplasmin measurement by p-phenylenediamine oxidation and effect of storage time and freezing temperature.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 4;59(1):66. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    Klinik für Klauentiere, Freie Universität Berlin, 14163, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Determination of ceruloplasmin (Cp) activity in plasma can provide an objective measure of the health of dairy cows as well as it can be used for various diagnostic purposes. The current study was designed to perform an analytical validation of a method for the determination of plasma Cp activity in dairy cows and to evaluate the influences of plasma storage times and temperatures as well as freeze-thaw cycles on the activity of this enzyme. This cohort was carried out on ten cows. Read More

    Efficacy of rabies vaccines in dogs and cats and protection in a mouse model against European bat lyssavirus type 2.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 2;59(1):64. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Mustialankatu 3, 00790, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Rabies is preventable by pre- and/or post-exposure prophylaxis consisting of series of rabies vaccinations and in some cases the use of immunoglobulins. The success of vaccination can be estimated either by measuring virus neutralising antibodies or by challenge experiment. Vaccines based on rabies virus offer cross-protection against other lyssaviruses closely related to rabies virus. Read More

    Agreement between commercial assays for haptoglobin and serum amyloid A in goats.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 2;59(1):65. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
    Laboratory of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.
    Haptoglobin (Hp) and serum amyloid A (SAA) are considered as the major acute phase proteins (APPs) in goats. These APPs have been investigated in several studies during the last decade. In most studies, a colorimetric assay for Hp and a solid phase sandwich ELISA for SAA have been used for quantification. Read More

    Sublingual pythiosis in a cat.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 26;59(1):63. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Missouri, 810 E Campus Loop, Columbia, MO, USA.
    Background: Pythiosis is a potentially fatal but non-contagious disease affecting humans and animals living in tropical and subtropical climates, but is also reasonably widespread in temperate climates, throughout the world. The most commonly reported affected animal species with pythiosis are equine and canine, with fewer cases in bovine and feline. Extracutaneous infections caused by Pythium insidiosum have been rarely described in the cat. Read More

    Second case of European bat lyssavirus type 2 detected in a Daubenton's bat in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 25;59(1):62. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Mustialankatu 3, 00790, Helsinki, Finland.
    European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2) was detected in Finland in a Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) found in the municipality of Inkoo (60°02'45″N, 024°00'20″E). The bat showed neurological signs and was later found dead. The laboratory analysis revealed the presence of lyssavirus, and the virus was characterized as EBLV-2. Read More

    Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 16;59(1):61. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlægevej 68, 1870, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Background: While fungal infections of the bovine uterus are well-known diseases in pregnant cattle, very limited knowledge exists on the presence and significance of fungi in the uterus of non-pregnant cows. Presence of fungi in the uterine lumen of postpartum (pp) cows has been reported, but little attention has been paid to this as most studies of the bovine pp uterus have focused on bacteria.

    Case Presentation: Microscopy of uterine lavage cytology slides of three cows from one herd revealed the presence of numerous yeast-like organisms, which were located either free in the fluid or within macrophages. Read More

    Antimicrobial resistance among pathogenic bacteria from mink (Neovison vison) in Denmark.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 13;59(1):60. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Anker Engelundsvej 1, 2800, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Background: For proper treatment of bacterial infections in mink, knowledge of the causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns is crucial. The used antimicrobials are in general not registered for mink, i.e. Read More

    Bovine trypanosomosis: changes in parasitemia and packed cell volume in dry and wet seasons at Gidami District, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 11;59(1):59. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Pathology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P.O.Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.
    Background: Animal trypanosomosis is one of the major disease problems affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia. The impact of the disease is believed to vary with season and agro-ecologies in line with fly vector distribution. A cross-sectional study on bovine trypanosomosis was conducted from November 2015 to June 2016, in seven selected villages of Gidami district, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia. Read More

    Effect of long-term storage in Safe Cell+ extender on boar sperm DNA integrity and other key sperm parameters.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 11;59(1):58. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Internal Medicine and Clinic of Diseases of Horses, Dogs and Cats, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl. Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366, Wrocław, Poland.
    Background: There is some controversy about the extent of changes in different sperm cell features in stored boar semen, especially regarding the potential role of the DNA fragmentation assay for assessment of sperm fertilizing ability. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time of storage and the dynamic changes in sperm cell characteristics in normospermic boar semen stored in long-term extender, in order to determine the susceptibility to damage of particular structures of spermatozoa during cooling and storage at 17 °C for 240 h post collection. The study included five ejaculates from each of seven boars of the Polish Large White breed (n = 35 ejaculates). Read More

    On-farm biosecurity practices and causes of preweaning mortality in Canadian commercial mink kits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 8;59(1):57. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.
    Background: Mink are an important animal commodity group in Canada and excessive kit mortality represents a significant loss to production. National biosecurity standards have been developed for Canadian mink farms, but it is unclear how well these standards have been implemented as there are no studies correlating management practices of mink producers with causes of death in mink kits. To that end, we surveyed Ontario mink producers on their biosecurity and management practices and conducted almost 5660 post mortem examinations on found-dead, preweaned kits to characterize mink farm biosecurity practices and causes of death in preweaned kits. Read More

    Susceptibility of Moroccan sheep and goat breeds to peste des petits ruminants virus.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 7;59(1):56. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Research and Development, MCI Santé Animale, Lot. 157, Z I, Sud-Ouest (ERAC), B.P. 278, 28810, Mohammedia, Morocco.
    Background: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants in Asia and Africa. In 2008, a PPR outbreak was reported for the first time in Morocco and a mass vaccination campaign allowed control of the disease. In this study, the susceptibility of four Moroccan local breeds of small ruminants to PPR virus was investigated by experimental infections. Read More

    Hypoluteoidism in a dog associated with recurrent mammary fibroadenoma stimulated by progestin therapy.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 6;59(1):55. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Via Vienna n.2, 07100, Sassari, Italy.
    Background: Hypoluteoidism in the bitch is characterized by insufficient production and secretion of progesterone by the corpora lutea. It is a rare pathologic condition and during pregnancy, it leads to embryonic resorption or fetal abortion. Supplementary therapy with progestins is indicated during pregnancy to obtain delivery of vital puppies but unwarranted side effects of such treatment are poorly documented. Read More

    Questionnaire survey of detrimental fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 3;59(1):54. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: In 2007, a previously unrecorded disease, fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma (FENP), was detected in farmed mink (Neovision vision), foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in Finland. Symptoms included severe pyoderma with increased mortality, causing both animal welfare problems and economic losses. In 2011, an epidemiologic questionnaire was mailed to all members of the Finnish Fur Breeders' Association to assess the occurrence of FENP from 2009 through the first 6 months of 2011. Read More

    The reproductive pattern and potential of free ranging female wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Sweden.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 1;59(1):52. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: The number and spatial distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa) has increased remarkably in Sweden as well as in other European countries. To understand the population dynamics of the wild boar, knowledge of its reproductive period, oestrus cycle and reproductive success is essential. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the seasonal reproductive pattern and reproductive potential of a wild boar population in Sweden. Read More

    Occurrence of cardiorespiratory diseases and impact on lifespan in Swedish Irish Wolfhounds: a retrospective questionnaire-based study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 2;59(1):53. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: According to Swedish animal insurance data, Irish Wolfhounds (IW) are 29 times more likely to die from cardiac causes than the baseline breed. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has a high prevalence in the breed and the disease has been shown to be hereditary in IW. Few studies address respiratory diseases in IW, but reports suggest that the incidence of pneumonia is high. Read More

    Pathogenic genotype of major piroplasm surface protein associated with anemia in Theileria orientalis infection in cattle.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 27;59(1):51. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Iksan, 54596, Republic of Korea.
    Serious disease outbreaks in cattle caused by Theileria orientalis have emerged in the Asia-Pacific region. Genetic variables of the major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) expressed on the surface of the piroplasm inside T. orientalis-infected erythrocytes are considered to be associated with variation in the pathogenicity of T. Read More

    In vitro assessment of the antimicrobial activity of silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles against fish pathogens.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 21;59(1):49. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Clinical Division of Fish Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: Antibiotic resistance is a global issue that threatens public health. The excessive use of antibiotics contributes to this problem as the genes of antibiotic resistance can be transferred between the bacteria in humans, animals and aquatic organisms. Metallic nanoparticles could serve as future substitutes for some conventional antibiotics because of their antimicrobial activity. Read More

    Current knowledge on feline injection-site sarcoma treatment.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 17;59(1):47. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Department of Small Animal Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.
    Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumours of mesenchymal origin, the treatment of which is a challenge for veterinary surgeons. The role of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FISS treatment has been studied, and a correlation between "clean" surgical margins and disease-free survival has been shown. In addition, clean surgical margins are one of the most important factors for achieving a low recurrence rate. Read More

    Influence of simethicone and fasting on the quality of abdominal ultrasonography in New Zealand White rabbits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 17;59(1):48. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Graduate Program in Animal Science, School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Curitiba, Paraná, 80215-901, Brazil.
    Presence of significant quantities of gas in the intestines may hinder a proper conduction of abdominal ultrasonography. In humans, preparatory techniques are used to solve this, but measures to avoid ultrasonographic complications due to intestinal gas in rabbits have not been reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of fasting and simethicone administered orally on the quality of ultrasonographic images of the gallbladder, kidneys, and jejunum in adult New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits. Read More

    Survey of interdigital phlegmon outbreaks and their risk factors in free stall dairy herds in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 12;59(1):46. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920, Saarentaus, Finland.
    Background: Severe outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon (IP) associated with a high morbidity and major economic losses have occurred in Finland in the past decade. A survey was performed to indicate the current occurrence of infectious hoof diseases and to identify herd level risk factors predisposing to an outbreak of IP.

    Results: Responses to a questionnaire revealed that an outbreak of IP defined as morbidity ≥5% within the 1st month of the outbreak, had occurred in 18. Read More

    Anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with an atypical pulmonary valve stenosis with a fibrous band of tissue and a patent ductus arteriosus.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 11;59(1):45. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Department of Veterinary Medical Imaging, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 143-701, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Congenital pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus are common congenital heart defects in dogs. However, concurrence of atypical pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus is uncommon. This report describes the anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with concomitant pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus with atypical pulmonary valve dysplasia that included a fibrous band of tissue. Read More

    Psychometric evaluation of the canine brief pain inventory in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to osteoarthritis.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 1;59(1):44. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Unit of Research Education and Development, Region Jämtland Härjedalen, Box 654, 831 27, Östersund, Sweden.
    Background: To evaluate intervention, implement evidence-based practice and enhance the welfare of dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA), access to valid, reliable and clinically relevant outcome measures is crucial for researchers, veterinarians and rehabilitation practitioners. The objectives of the present study were to translate and evaluate psychometric properties, in terms of internal consistency and construct validity, of the owner-reported measure canine brief pain inventory (CBPI) in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to OA.

    Results: Twenty-one owners of clinically sound dogs and 58 owners of dogs with pain related to OA were included in this observational and cross-sectional study. Read More

    Risk factors associated with diarrhea in Danish commercial mink (Neovison vison) during the pre-weaning period.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 29;59(1):43. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Ridebanevej 3, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Background: Pre-weaning diarrhea in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a syndrome and outbreaks occur every year on commercial mink farms in all mink producing countries. Morbidity and mortality can be considerable on a farm with huge economic consequences for the farmer as well as compromised welfare for the mink kits. Although efforts have been taken to identify etiologic agents involved in outbreaks, the syndrome is still regarded as multifactorial and recurring problems on the same farms draw attention to management and environmental risk factors. Read More

    Excretory/secretory products of anisakid nematodes: biological and pathological roles.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 23;59(1):42. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Laboratory of Aquatic Pathobiology, Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Parasites from the family Anisakidae are widely distributed in marine fish populations worldwide and mainly nematodes of the three genera Anisakis, Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum have attracted attention due to their pathogenicity in humans. Their life cycles include invertebrates and fish as intermediate or transport hosts and mammals or birds as final hosts. Human consumption of raw or underprocessed seafood containing third stage larvae of anisakid parasites may elicit a gastrointestinal disease (anisakidosis) and allergic responses. Read More

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