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    3587 results match your criteria Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica [Journal]

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    Characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from Austrian companion animals and horses.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 14;59(1):79. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Department of Pathobiology, Institute of Microbiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic relatedness and the antimicrobial resistance profiles of a collection of Austrian Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from companion animals and horses. A total of 12 non-repetitive isolates presumptively identified as S. pneumoniae were obtained during routinely diagnostic activities between March 2009 and January 2017. Read More

    In vitro investigations on extracellular proteins secreted by Aphanomyces invadans, the causative agent of epizootic ulcerative syndrome.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 9;59(1):78. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Clinical Division of Fish Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: Proteases produced by many microorganisms, including oomycetes, are crucial for their growth and development. They may also play a critical role in disease manifestation. Epizootic ulcerative syndrome is one of the most destructive fish diseases known. Read More

    Kinetic gait analysis in English Bulldogs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 2;59(1):77. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo (FMVZ/USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Canine breed conformation may interfere with locomotion and may predispose to orthopedic disease. Bulldogs have a high incidence of orthopedic diseases such as hip dysplasia. Kinetic gait analysis provides an objective way to assess and analyze locomotion. Read More

    High prevalence of zoonotic trematodes in roach (Rutilus rutilus) in the Gulf of Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Nov 1;59(1):75. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Elektroniikkatie 3, 90590, Oulu, Finland.
    The intention to increase roach (Rutilus rutilus) consumption is in focus for ecological and economic reasons in Finland. However, its safety as food has not been considered comprehensively. We collected and artificially digested 85 roach halves originating from the south-eastern coast of Finland, and found trematode metacercariae in 98. Read More

    Osteochondritis dissecans-like lesions of the occipital condyle and cervical articular process joints in a Saddlebred colt horse.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 30;59(1):76. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.
    Background: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a sequela to osteochondrosis, whereby the cartilage superficial to the site of osteochondrosis fractures and gives rise to osteochondral fragments in the affected joint. In this case, both the radiological and computed tomography findings were supportive of classical severe OCD but the histologic findings were not supportive of the diagnosis of OCD.

    Case Presentation: A 1 year and 6 months old, Saddlebred, colt was presented for evaluation of chronic cervical pain. Read More

    A comparison of unheated loose housing with stables on the respiratory health of weaned-foals in cold winter conditions: an observational field-study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 26;59(1):73. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, 00014, Finland.
    Background: Newly weaned horses in Finland are often moved to unheated loose housing systems in which the weanlings have free access to a paddock and a shelter. This practice is considered to be good for the development of young horses. The daily temperatures can stay below - 20 °C in Finland for several consecutive weeks during the winter season. Read More

    Arcanobacterium phocae infection in mink (Neovison vison), seals (Phoca vitulina, Halichoerus grypus) and otters (Lutra lutra).
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 26;59(1):74. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Department for Diagnostics and Scientific Advice, National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 202, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark.
    Background: Infectious skin disorders are not uncommon in mink. Such disorders are important as they have a negative impact on animal health and welfare as well as on the quality and value of the fur. This study presents the isolation of Arcanobacterium phocae from mink with severe skin lesions and other pathological conditions, and from wild seals and otters. Read More

    Comparative review of human and canine osteosarcoma: morphology, epidemiology, prognosis, treatment and genetics.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 24;59(1):71. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, LE12 5RD, UK.
    Osteosarcoma (OSA) is a rare cancer in people. However OSA incidence rates in dogs are 27 times higher than in people. Prognosis in both species is relatively poor, with 5 year OSA survival rates in people not having improved in decades. Read More

    Computed tomography of the thorax in rabbits: a prospective study in ten clinically healthy New Zealand White rabbits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 24;59(1):72. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Clinic for Diagnostic Imaging, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 258c, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Background: Literature investigating the normal cross-sectional anatomy of rabbits with computed tomography (CT) is sparse and incomplete. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the normal thoracic structures, in particular the cranial thorax, with CT angiography in 10 clinically healthy New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits.

    Results: Absolute and relative measurements of the trachea, heart, thoracic caudal vena cava and aorta, right and left principal bronchi, right and left caudal lobar bronchi and the accompanying branches of the right and left pulmonary artery and vein, right and left lung volume and lung density were taken. Read More

    Effects of inbreeding and other systematic effects on fertility of Black Forest Draught horses in Germany.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 18;59(1):70. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Institute for Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover (Foundation), Bünteweg 17p, 30559, Hannover, Germany.
    Background: The Black Forest Draught horse (BFDH) is an endangered German coldblood breed with its origin in the area of the Black Forest in South Germany. In this retrospective study, the influence of the inbreeding coefficient on foaling rates was investigated using records from ten breeding seasons. Due to the small population size of BFDH, the level of inbreeding is increasing and may have an effect on foaling rates. Read More

    Fatal haemorrhage and neoplastic thrombosis in a captive African lion (Panthera leo) with metastatic testicular sex cord-stromal tumour.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 13;59(1):69. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Laboratório de Patologia Comparada de Animais Selvagens, Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, 05508270, Brazil.
    Background: The study of neoplasia in wildlife species contributes to the understanding of cancer biology, management practices, and comparative pathology. Higher frequencies of neoplasms among captive non-domestic felids have been reported most commonly in aging individuals. However, testicular tumours have rarely been reported. Read More

    A comparison of two different anthelmintic treatment regimens against natural gastrointestinal nematode infections on two Lithuanian sheep farms.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 11;59(1):68. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Veterinary Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Tilzės str. 18, 47181, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Background: According to targeted treatment (TT), the whole flock is dewormed based on knowledge of the risk, or parameters that quantify the mean level of infection, whereas according to targeted selective treatment (TST), only individual animals within the grazing group are treated, based on parasitological, production and/or morbidity parameters. The aim of this study was to compare two different treatment protocols on sheep farms in Lithuania. The study was conducted from 15 April to 31 October 2014 on three sheep farms. Read More

    Guaiphenesin-ketamine-xylazine infusion to maintain anesthesia in mules undergoing field castration.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 11;59(1):67. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, Via Circonvallazione, 62022, Matelica, Italy.
    Background: In order to determine whether a combination of guaiphenesin, ketamine and xylazine can induce safe and satisfactory anaesthesia in mules undergoing field castration, eight healthy adult intact male mules were employed. They were premedicated with intravenous (IV) xylazine (1.3 mg/kg); an additional dose of xylazine (0. Read More

    Analytical validation of bovine plasma ceruloplasmin measurement by p-phenylenediamine oxidation and effect of storage time and freezing temperature.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 4;59(1):66. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    Klinik für Klauentiere, Freie Universität Berlin, 14163, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Determination of ceruloplasmin (Cp) activity in plasma can provide an objective measure of the health of dairy cows as well as it can be used for various diagnostic purposes. The current study was designed to perform an analytical validation of a method for the determination of plasma Cp activity in dairy cows and to evaluate the influences of plasma storage times and temperatures as well as freeze-thaw cycles on the activity of this enzyme. This cohort was carried out on ten cows. Read More

    Efficacy of rabies vaccines in dogs and cats and protection in a mouse model against European bat lyssavirus type 2.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 2;59(1):64. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Mustialankatu 3, 00790, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Rabies is preventable by pre- and/or post-exposure prophylaxis consisting of series of rabies vaccinations and in some cases the use of immunoglobulins. The success of vaccination can be estimated either by measuring virus neutralising antibodies or by challenge experiment. Vaccines based on rabies virus offer cross-protection against other lyssaviruses closely related to rabies virus. Read More

    Agreement between commercial assays for haptoglobin and serum amyloid A in goats.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Oct 2;59(1):65. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
    Laboratory of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.
    Haptoglobin (Hp) and serum amyloid A (SAA) are considered as the major acute phase proteins (APPs) in goats. These APPs have been investigated in several studies during the last decade. In most studies, a colorimetric assay for Hp and a solid phase sandwich ELISA for SAA have been used for quantification. Read More

    Sublingual pythiosis in a cat.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 26;59(1):63. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Missouri, 810 E Campus Loop, Columbia, MO, USA.
    Background: Pythiosis is a potentially fatal but non-contagious disease affecting humans and animals living in tropical and subtropical climates, but is also reasonably widespread in temperate climates, throughout the world. The most commonly reported affected animal species with pythiosis are equine and canine, with fewer cases in bovine and feline. Extracutaneous infections caused by Pythium insidiosum have been rarely described in the cat. Read More

    Second case of European bat lyssavirus type 2 detected in a Daubenton's bat in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 25;59(1):62. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Mustialankatu 3, 00790, Helsinki, Finland.
    European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2) was detected in Finland in a Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) found in the municipality of Inkoo (60°02'45″N, 024°00'20″E). The bat showed neurological signs and was later found dead. The laboratory analysis revealed the presence of lyssavirus, and the virus was characterized as EBLV-2. Read More

    Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 16;59(1):61. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlægevej 68, 1870, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Background: While fungal infections of the bovine uterus are well-known diseases in pregnant cattle, very limited knowledge exists on the presence and significance of fungi in the uterus of non-pregnant cows. Presence of fungi in the uterine lumen of postpartum (pp) cows has been reported, but little attention has been paid to this as most studies of the bovine pp uterus have focused on bacteria.

    Case Presentation: Microscopy of uterine lavage cytology slides of three cows from one herd revealed the presence of numerous yeast-like organisms, which were located either free in the fluid or within macrophages. Read More

    Antimicrobial resistance among pathogenic bacteria from mink (Neovison vison) in Denmark.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 13;59(1):60. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Anker Engelundsvej 1, 2800, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Background: For proper treatment of bacterial infections in mink, knowledge of the causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns is crucial. The used antimicrobials are in general not registered for mink, i.e. Read More

    Bovine trypanosomosis: changes in parasitemia and packed cell volume in dry and wet seasons at Gidami District, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 11;59(1):59. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Pathology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P.O.Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.
    Background: Animal trypanosomosis is one of the major disease problems affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia. The impact of the disease is believed to vary with season and agro-ecologies in line with fly vector distribution. A cross-sectional study on bovine trypanosomosis was conducted from November 2015 to June 2016, in seven selected villages of Gidami district, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia. Read More

    Effect of long-term storage in Safe Cell+ extender on boar sperm DNA integrity and other key sperm parameters.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 11;59(1):58. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Internal Medicine and Clinic of Diseases of Horses, Dogs and Cats, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl. Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366, Wrocław, Poland.
    Background: There is some controversy about the extent of changes in different sperm cell features in stored boar semen, especially regarding the potential role of the DNA fragmentation assay for assessment of sperm fertilizing ability. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time of storage and the dynamic changes in sperm cell characteristics in normospermic boar semen stored in long-term extender, in order to determine the susceptibility to damage of particular structures of spermatozoa during cooling and storage at 17 °C for 240 h post collection. The study included five ejaculates from each of seven boars of the Polish Large White breed (n = 35 ejaculates). Read More

    On-farm biosecurity practices and causes of preweaning mortality in Canadian commercial mink kits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 8;59(1):57. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.
    Background: Mink are an important animal commodity group in Canada and excessive kit mortality represents a significant loss to production. National biosecurity standards have been developed for Canadian mink farms, but it is unclear how well these standards have been implemented as there are no studies correlating management practices of mink producers with causes of death in mink kits. To that end, we surveyed Ontario mink producers on their biosecurity and management practices and conducted almost 5660 post mortem examinations on found-dead, preweaned kits to characterize mink farm biosecurity practices and causes of death in preweaned kits. Read More

    Susceptibility of Moroccan sheep and goat breeds to peste des petits ruminants virus.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 7;59(1):56. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Research and Development, MCI Santé Animale, Lot. 157, Z I, Sud-Ouest (ERAC), B.P. 278, 28810, Mohammedia, Morocco.
    Background: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants in Asia and Africa. In 2008, a PPR outbreak was reported for the first time in Morocco and a mass vaccination campaign allowed control of the disease. In this study, the susceptibility of four Moroccan local breeds of small ruminants to PPR virus was investigated by experimental infections. Read More

    Hypoluteoidism in a dog associated with recurrent mammary fibroadenoma stimulated by progestin therapy.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Sep 6;59(1):55. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Via Vienna n.2, 07100, Sassari, Italy.
    Background: Hypoluteoidism in the bitch is characterized by insufficient production and secretion of progesterone by the corpora lutea. It is a rare pathologic condition and during pregnancy, it leads to embryonic resorption or fetal abortion. Supplementary therapy with progestins is indicated during pregnancy to obtain delivery of vital puppies but unwarranted side effects of such treatment are poorly documented. Read More

    Questionnaire survey of detrimental fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 3;59(1):54. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: In 2007, a previously unrecorded disease, fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma (FENP), was detected in farmed mink (Neovision vision), foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in Finland. Symptoms included severe pyoderma with increased mortality, causing both animal welfare problems and economic losses. In 2011, an epidemiologic questionnaire was mailed to all members of the Finnish Fur Breeders' Association to assess the occurrence of FENP from 2009 through the first 6 months of 2011. Read More

    The reproductive pattern and potential of free ranging female wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Sweden.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 1;59(1):52. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: The number and spatial distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa) has increased remarkably in Sweden as well as in other European countries. To understand the population dynamics of the wild boar, knowledge of its reproductive period, oestrus cycle and reproductive success is essential. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the seasonal reproductive pattern and reproductive potential of a wild boar population in Sweden. Read More

    Occurrence of cardiorespiratory diseases and impact on lifespan in Swedish Irish Wolfhounds: a retrospective questionnaire-based study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Aug 2;59(1):53. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: According to Swedish animal insurance data, Irish Wolfhounds (IW) are 29 times more likely to die from cardiac causes than the baseline breed. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has a high prevalence in the breed and the disease has been shown to be hereditary in IW. Few studies address respiratory diseases in IW, but reports suggest that the incidence of pneumonia is high. Read More

    Pathogenic genotype of major piroplasm surface protein associated with anemia in Theileria orientalis infection in cattle.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 27;59(1):51. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Iksan, 54596, Republic of Korea.
    Serious disease outbreaks in cattle caused by Theileria orientalis have emerged in the Asia-Pacific region. Genetic variables of the major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) expressed on the surface of the piroplasm inside T. orientalis-infected erythrocytes are considered to be associated with variation in the pathogenicity of T. Read More

    In vitro assessment of the antimicrobial activity of silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles against fish pathogens.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 21;59(1):49. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Clinical Division of Fish Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: Antibiotic resistance is a global issue that threatens public health. The excessive use of antibiotics contributes to this problem as the genes of antibiotic resistance can be transferred between the bacteria in humans, animals and aquatic organisms. Metallic nanoparticles could serve as future substitutes for some conventional antibiotics because of their antimicrobial activity. Read More

    Current knowledge on feline injection-site sarcoma treatment.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 17;59(1):47. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Department of Small Animal Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.
    Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumours of mesenchymal origin, the treatment of which is a challenge for veterinary surgeons. The role of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FISS treatment has been studied, and a correlation between "clean" surgical margins and disease-free survival has been shown. In addition, clean surgical margins are one of the most important factors for achieving a low recurrence rate. Read More

    Influence of simethicone and fasting on the quality of abdominal ultrasonography in New Zealand White rabbits.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 17;59(1):48. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Graduate Program in Animal Science, School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Curitiba, Paraná, 80215-901, Brazil.
    Presence of significant quantities of gas in the intestines may hinder a proper conduction of abdominal ultrasonography. In humans, preparatory techniques are used to solve this, but measures to avoid ultrasonographic complications due to intestinal gas in rabbits have not been reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of fasting and simethicone administered orally on the quality of ultrasonographic images of the gallbladder, kidneys, and jejunum in adult New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits. Read More

    Survey of interdigital phlegmon outbreaks and their risk factors in free stall dairy herds in Finland.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 12;59(1):46. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920, Saarentaus, Finland.
    Background: Severe outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon (IP) associated with a high morbidity and major economic losses have occurred in Finland in the past decade. A survey was performed to indicate the current occurrence of infectious hoof diseases and to identify herd level risk factors predisposing to an outbreak of IP.

    Results: Responses to a questionnaire revealed that an outbreak of IP defined as morbidity ≥5% within the 1st month of the outbreak, had occurred in 18. Read More

    Anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with an atypical pulmonary valve stenosis with a fibrous band of tissue and a patent ductus arteriosus.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 11;59(1):45. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Department of Veterinary Medical Imaging, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 143-701, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Congenital pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus are common congenital heart defects in dogs. However, concurrence of atypical pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus is uncommon. This report describes the anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with concomitant pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus with atypical pulmonary valve dysplasia that included a fibrous band of tissue. Read More

    Psychometric evaluation of the canine brief pain inventory in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to osteoarthritis.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jul 1;59(1):44. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Unit of Research Education and Development, Region Jämtland Härjedalen, Box 654, 831 27, Östersund, Sweden.
    Background: To evaluate intervention, implement evidence-based practice and enhance the welfare of dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA), access to valid, reliable and clinically relevant outcome measures is crucial for researchers, veterinarians and rehabilitation practitioners. The objectives of the present study were to translate and evaluate psychometric properties, in terms of internal consistency and construct validity, of the owner-reported measure canine brief pain inventory (CBPI) in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to OA.

    Results: Twenty-one owners of clinically sound dogs and 58 owners of dogs with pain related to OA were included in this observational and cross-sectional study. Read More

    Risk factors associated with diarrhea in Danish commercial mink (Neovison vison) during the pre-weaning period.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 29;59(1):43. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Ridebanevej 3, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Background: Pre-weaning diarrhea in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a syndrome and outbreaks occur every year on commercial mink farms in all mink producing countries. Morbidity and mortality can be considerable on a farm with huge economic consequences for the farmer as well as compromised welfare for the mink kits. Although efforts have been taken to identify etiologic agents involved in outbreaks, the syndrome is still regarded as multifactorial and recurring problems on the same farms draw attention to management and environmental risk factors. Read More

    Excretory/secretory products of anisakid nematodes: biological and pathological roles.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 23;59(1):42. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Laboratory of Aquatic Pathobiology, Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Parasites from the family Anisakidae are widely distributed in marine fish populations worldwide and mainly nematodes of the three genera Anisakis, Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum have attracted attention due to their pathogenicity in humans. Their life cycles include invertebrates and fish as intermediate or transport hosts and mammals or birds as final hosts. Human consumption of raw or underprocessed seafood containing third stage larvae of anisakid parasites may elicit a gastrointestinal disease (anisakidosis) and allergic responses. Read More

    In vitro production of bovine embryos derived from individual donors in the Corral(®) dish.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 15;59(1):41. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics, and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820, Merelbeke, Belgium.
    Background: Since the identity of the embryo is of outmost importance during commercial in vitro embryo production, bovine oocytes and embryos have to be cultured strictly per donor. Due to the rather low yield of oocytes collected after ovum pick-up (OPU) per individual cow, oocyte maturation and embryo culture take place in small groups, which is often associated with inferior embryo development. The objective of this study was to improve embryonic development in small donor groups by using the Corral(®) dish. Read More

    Experimentally induced subclinical mastitis: are lipopolysaccharide and lipoteichoic acid eliciting similar pain responses?
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 14;59(1):40. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy Section, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Laenggassstrasse 124, 3012, Berne, Switzerland.
    Background: Pain accompanying mastitis has gained attention recently as a relevant welfare compromising aspect of disease. Adequate pain recognition and therapy are necessary in the context of a modern and ethically acceptable dairy care. For research purposes mastitis is often induced by intramammary infusion of immunogenic bacterial cell wall components. Read More

    Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography as tools for the investigation of sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) teeth and eye.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 12;59(1):38. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, 10G, 8000, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Background: Scanning techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are useful tools in veterinary and human medicine. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of these techniques in the study of the anatomy of wild marine mammals as part of a necropsy. MRI and CT scans of sperm whale teeth (n = 4) were performed. Read More

    Neurophysiological assessment of spinal cord injuries in dogs using somatosensory and motor evoked potentials.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 Jun 12;59(1):37. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Cidade Universitária, Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, São Paulo, SP, 05508-270, Brazil.
    Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) are non-invasive neurophysiological tests that reflect the functional integrity of sensory and motor pathways. Despite their extensive use and description in human medicine, reports in veterinary medicine are scarce. SSEPs are obtained via peripheral stimulation of sensory or mixed nerves; stimulation induces spinal and cortical responses, which are recorded when sensory pathways integrity is preserved. Read More

    Determination of reference values and frequency of occurrence of patella alta in German shepherd dogs: a retrospective study.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 31;59(1):36. Epub 2017 May 31.
    National Veterinary Research Institute in Pulawy, Partyzantów 57, 24-100, Puławy, Poland.
    Background: Patella alta and patella baja are important conditions underlying a predisposition to many joint diseases, including patellar luxation and patellar chondromalacia of the articular cartilage. The frequencies of patella alta and patella baja have not yet been determined. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of patella alta and to determine reference values to the position of the vertical patella according to two modified techniques of the Insall-Salvati method in a group of 65 German shepherd dogs (115 stifle joints). Read More

    Results of the Schirmer tear test performed with open and closed eyes in clinically normal horses.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 31;59(1):35. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Alborz, Iran.
    Background: The Schirmer tear test (STT) is widely used in both human and veterinary ophthalmology. Two types of STTs have been developed: STT I and SST II. The STT I measures the basal and reflex tear production and is the most widely used STT. Read More

    Effect of concrete slats, three mat types and out-wintering pads on performance and welfare of finishing beef steers.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 30;59(1):34. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Livestock Systems Research, Department Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Grange, Dunsany, Co. Meath, C15 PW93, Ireland.
    Background: The objective was to investigate the effect of placing mats on concrete slatted floors on performance, behaviour, hoof condition, dirt scores, physiological and immunological variables of beef steers, and to compare responses with animals on out-wintering pads. Continental crossbred beef steers [n = 360; mean (±SD) initial live weight 539 kg (42.2)] were blocked by breed and live weight and randomly assigned to one of five treatments; (1) Concrete slats alone, (2) Mat 1 (Natural Rubber structure) (Durapak Rubber Products), (3) Mat 2 (Natural rubber structure) (EasyFix), (4) Mat 3 (modified ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) foam structure) and (5) Out-wintering pads (OWP's). Read More

    Bacteriological etiology and treatment of mastitis in Finnish dairy herds.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 25;59(1):33. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920, Saarentaus, Finland.
    Background: The Finnish dairy herd recording system maintains production and health records of cows and herds. Veterinarians and farmers register veterinary treatments in the system. Milk samples for microbiological analysis are routinely taken from mastitic cows. Read More

    Post weaning diarrhea in pigs: risk factors and non-colistin-based control strategies.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 19;59(1):31. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Montreal, 3200 Sicotte Street, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, J2S 2M2, Canada.
    Post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) is one of the most serious threats for the swine industry worldwide. It is commonly associated with the proliferation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in the pig intestine. Colistin, a cationic antibiotic, is widely used in swine for the oral treatment of intestinal infections caused by E. Read More

    C-kit receptor immunopositive interstitial cells (Cajal-type) in the porcine reproductive tract.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 19;59(1):32. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of Large Animal Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS-SGGW), Nowoursynowska 100, 02-797, Warsaw, Poland.
    Background: Interstitial Cajal cells have been suspected as being the pacemaker cells of smooth muscle motor activity and discharging slow triggering waves in the gut as well as in other organs containing smooth muscles where they are known as interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICLC). The present study describes ICLC localization and density in the porcine oviduct and uterus. Differences in ICLC density were examined using histological, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent methods and c-kit expression was determined. Read More

    The effect of hemostatic dressing prototypes for the uniformed services on selected blood coagulation parameters in pigs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2017 May 12;59(1):29. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Police Academy in Szczytno, Marszałka Józefa Piłsudskiego 111, 12-100, Szczytno, Poland.
    Background: Serious injuries accompanied by severe bleeding are life-threatening. Post-traumatic hemorrhage involves the risk of developing coagulopathy. Hemostatic dressings are widely used to minimize bleeding. Read More

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